Sermon 3069. Cleansing-Wrong Or Right?

(No. 3069)




"If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands ever so clean; yet shall You plunge me in the ditch, and my own clothesshall abhor me." Job 9:30,31.

[Another Sermon by Mr. Spurgeon on the same text is #1908, Volume 32-WASHED TO GREATER FOULNESS.]

WE are all, by nature and by practice, unclean in the sight of God. However excellent or virtuous we may seem before man,we have all broken God's Law, for that Law requires perfection and we have been far from it. The Law demands spotless holinesstowards God and perfect rectitude towards man and, in some point or other, we have all transgressed that Law-and we have thereforebecome polluted before the thrice-holy Jehovah. The great question which ought to arise in the mind of every one of us isthis-"How can I be cleansed before God?"

I. We are called upon to remember, first, that TO BE CLEAN IN THE SIGHT OF GOD IS WORTH EVERY POSSIBLE EFFORT.

Job speaks of washing himself with snow water and trying to make himself clean. And this he speaks of right earnestly. Howeverfar from the hot plains in which he lived, Job might have to send for snowy water-whatever quantity of soap (for in the Hebrewthere is an allusion to soap in the second clause)-however much nitre and soap he might have to take in order to wash himselfperfectly clean, it was worth all the expense and trouble if only it could be accomplished.

And, dear Friends, we must be clean in the sight of God. We must desire to be clean in the sight of God for, if not, we arethe objects of His continual displeasure. ' 'God is angry with the wicked every day." This is a solemn Truth of God whichis far too much forgotten in the present day. Many have tried to put the thought of it right on one side and held forth onlythe Doctrine of the Divine Benevolence. But while that Doctrine is blessedly true, these solemn declarations are equally true,"The wicked shall be turned into Hell, and all the nations that forget God." And, "He that believes not, is condemned already,because he has not believed in the name of the only-begotten Son of God." Now, if we were right-hearted towards God, thiswould seem to us to be a very dreadful thing. We little know how exceedingly hateful sin is to

God. [See Sermon #3068, Volume 53-UNTOLD DEPTHS AND HEIGHTS.] You

know that there are some things which you and I sometimes see which are very disgusting and loathsome to us. I went into arailway station in Italy once, where I saw a man who had lost his arm and who by way of begging, exposed to us the stump ofit and also a horrible ulcer from which he was suffering. I turned away sick at the sight and dreaded to go to that stationagain, for fear that I should be met inside the door of the waiting room by that horrible spectacle! But, depend upon it,no mutilation and no disease of man's body was ever so sickening to the most delicate taste as sin is sickening to God! Heloves purity and, therefore, He must loathe impurity. He delights in those who are just and true and upright-and He cannotendure those who are unjust, false, or unrighteous. His holy soul abhors them as that strong expression of His in the prophecyof Zechariah proves-"My soul loathed them and their soul also abhorred Me." The sinner does not dislike God more than Goddislikes him as a sinner. The sinless God cannot look with complacency upon him who is sinful-he is loathsome to the holymind of God. So, surely, if we are right-hearted, we shall feel that anything and everything that we can do in order to getright with God and to become clean in His sight, we ought to do at once!

Let us also remember that as long as we are unclean, we are in daily danger of the fires of Hell. Do any of you know whatHell is? It is the leper colony of the universe! Just as in the olden times when the "black pest," or some other terribleepidemic ran through a town or village, they would build a house some miles away from the place and call it the pest housewhere they would put away all those who had the pest or plague-such is Hell, only a million times worse than any earthly pesthouse ever was! Hell is the pest house of the moral universe. You know that in countries where leprosy prevails, they shutup the lepers in a place by themselves, lest the terrible disease should pollute the whole district. And Hell is God's lepercolony where sinners must be confined forever when they are incurable and past hope! And what are the pains of Hell? Theyare the natural result of sin. Sin is the mother of Hell. The pains and groans of lost spirits in Hell are simply the fully-developedflowers of which their sins were the seed. Bitter is the fruit, sour is the vintage of that vine of Sodom and Gomorrah whichsome men set themselves so diligently to plant-and so industriously to water. Sin bears its own sting within itself. The tormentsthat are to come are the stings of conscience and the inevitable effects of remorse upon the soul and body of the man whowill continue to be unclean in the sight of God! Lest, therefore, any of you should ever be shut up in that place of "everlastingdestruction from the Presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power," I do beseech you to awaken yourselves and diligentlyseek to find out how you may be made clean in God's sight-

"You sinners, seek His Grace, Whose wrath you cannot bear! Fly to the shelter of His Cross, And find salvation there. So shallthat curse remove, By which the Savior bled And the last awful day shall pour His blessings on your head."

In addition to the eternal loss which all who are cast into Hell must sustain, also remember that none can enter Heaven untilthey are pure. Those holy gates are so closely guarded by angelic watchers that no contraband of sin shall ever cross thefrontiers of Heaven. The angels look up and down and through and through. The man who presents himself there-if so much asa speck, or spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing is found upon him-cannot be allowed to enter! Just think for a minute howutterly impossible it must be for the impure to enter the courts of the thrice-holy God. You sometimes see, in the streetsof London, wretched creatures in whom poverty, drunkenness and debauchery have so combined that even in their outward appearance,they present a truly horrible aspect. They are so foul, filthy and loathsome that I should not dare to describe them morefully. None of us would like to come near them-our flesh creeps at the very thought of them! Now, suppose that these shoeless,ragged, filthy, diseased creatures should present themselves at the gates of Buckingham Palace on some great occasion whenall the princes of the blood and the peers of the realm were gathered there? Do even the most democratic of you think thatthe soldiers would be too squeamish if they were to tell them that they were unfit to enter such a place and to mingle withsuch company? "Why, no," you say, "of course they must at least be clean, or they can never enter the royal palace." Wellthen, it must assuredly be so in a still more emphatic sense with regard to the palace of the King of kings! Would it be possiblefor any to enter there defiled with sin, foul with fornications, adulteries, thefts, murders, infidelities, blasphemies, profanitiesand rebellions against God? It cannot be that the pure air of Heaven should ever be breathed by them, for it is expresslydeclared that "there shall in no wise enter into it anything that defiles, neither whatever works abomination or makes a lie."All who are there are absolutely perfect! And you and I, if we would be with them, must be renewed in heart and convertedunto God-and washed from every stain, and spot and speck of sin. It is clearly impossible that the thrice-holy God shouldhave unrenewed, unclean sinners immediately under His own eyes, in His own courts. It is bad enough for Him to have them,for a time, in this little planet, floating in the vast sea of space. But He could not endure to have them up there amid thesplendors of eternal Glory! That cannot, must not and will not be!

Once more, every man will feel that it is worth his while to endeavor to be clean before God if he wants a quiet conscience,for a truly quiet conscience is never possessed by any man until he has been washed in the precious blood of Jesus and somade "whiter than snow." Does anyone ask, "Can that be done?" I answer in God's own words. "Come now, and let us reason together,says the Lord: though your sins are as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though

they are red like crimson, they shall be as wool." This great miracle of mercy can be worked and nobody's conscience willever be perfectly at peace till it is accomplished. There is a way of silencing conscience without that miracle being worked,but it is like the way in which cruel tyrants sometimes silenced the martyrs. "Hold your tongue," the tyrant has said, "Iwill not listen to your heresy." But the brave man has still gone on speaking-he would not be silenced. And then the tyranthas cut his tongue out. I think I have known men cut out the tongue of their conscience, so that it could no longer speak.Perhaps some here have done it-torn it right out by the roots by going to the drink shop, by frequenting evil company, bytaking up infidel ideas when they knew better. They knew that they could not, with a clear conscience, do what they wantedto do, so they resolved that they would tear out its tongue, so that it could no longer rebuke them!

O foolish Man, you could not have dome a worse thing for yourself than that, for he who quiets his conscience after that fashionis like one of whom I have heard who, one night, was unable to sleep because a faithful dog kept on howling under his window.He called out to it and bade it lie down, and went back to bed and tried to sleep, but still the howling continued. And atlast, when the creature would not be quiet, he took his gun and shot it, in his anger. He ought to have known that the dogwanted to tell him that there were burglars who were trying to enter his house and that the faithful animal was doing itsbest to preserve its master's life. After the dog was dead and the man had gone to sleep again, the burglars entered his bedroom,stole everything of value that they could find and ended by staining their hands with the blood of the foolish man who hadkilled the poor creature that warned him of his peril! The devil is trying to destroy your soul and your conscience, likethat faithful dog, gives the alarm, but you cry to it, "Lie down!" It does not lie down, however, and perhaps this very sermonis helping to wake it up, but you are determined that it shall be quiet and you will even kill it if you can! Well, if youdo, you will then have sealed your own destiny by that very deed. The only proper way of quieting conscience is the methodthat a wise owner would have taken of quieting his dog. Supposing that man had gone downstairs and patted his dog on the headand praised it for being a good dog? Suppose that he had loosed its chain and taken it round the yard with him? Suppose, too,that he had taken that gun, with which he so foolishly killed his dog, and when, at last, he had discovered the villains whohad come to rob him, he had set his dog on them, or even leveled his gun at them? That would have been far wiser than killinghis dog and losing his own life! In such a fashion as that, go and lose your conscience and let your sins be destroyed-otherwisethey will assuredly destroy you! The quieting of an awakened conscience can only be rightly done by getting rid of sin-andthere is but one way to get rid of sin-of which I will speak before I have finished my discourse.

Thus much on the first point-to be clean in the sight of God is worth any and every effort.


It is very curious what efforts people will make to get rid of their sins. Some try to get clean by ceremonies. Ah, Mr. Priest,is that good soap that you are bringing with your bowl of water? "Yes," he replies, "the best Roman soap, or you can havea cake from Canterbury or Oxford if you would prefer it. How beautifully white your hands will look if you only use enoughof this patent soap." So you say, but if you had your eyes opened, you would see that after all your washing, they are asblack as night! The soapsuds get in your eyes, Sir, and therefore you do not see the dirt that is still on the sinner's hands.That is all that ever comes of mere ceremonies-they blind, but they do not cleanse.

Another thinks that he can obtain cleansing by religious observances. His form of washing with snow water is attendance athis usual place of worship. He goes there regularly. He would never be away if he could help it! When the proper time forservice comes and having done that, he asks, "Will not that take away my sin?" No, Sir, not a spot, nor even half a spot!Some have given away large sums of money with the hope of thereby cleansing themselves from sin. But all the gold in the worldcan never form a golden ointment with which to cleanse iniquity. There are many who have tried to get cleansing by their moralitiesand their charities, but their efforts have all been in vain. Mr. Legality and Mr. Civility are said to be great hands atwashing Blackamoors white, but I have very grave doubts as to whether the Blackamoors are not blacker after the washing thanthey were before!

Men have had the strangest notions as to how they might be cleansed from sin. Read John Bunyan's Grace Abounding to the Chiefof Sinners-which is, as you know, a record of his own experience-and you will see some very curious ideas of his concerningthe way in which he hoped to wash himself from sin. Yet, his ideas are not any more curious than those of people who are nowliving. The other day I read a letter from a young farm laborer, describing the way in which, at one time, he hoped to getsaved. He said that in the village where he lived, there were some young men who went to the Patagonian Mission and theregot what he called, "massacreated." Of course, he meant to say that they were massacred. And he further wrote, "I thoughtthat if the Patagonian Mission would have taken me and the natives would only have killed me, I would have gone joyfully andgladly, for I heard that they were all saints who died in that way and I would willingly have gone if I could have got toHeaven by that method." Yes, and so would I, and so would most of us when we were under the burden of sin. We would not haveminded being killed and eaten if we might in that way have entered into eternal life, for a man who really feels the burdenof sin is willing to try all sorts of extraordinary methods of getting rid of it! Look at the methods adopted by the heathenin order, as they hope, to get rid of sin. Go to India and look at the great car of Juggernaut, and see by what cruel meansthe people there hope to get rid of sin! And there are many other equally useless methods which the spiritual quacks are vainlypuffing as unfailing ways of getting rid of sin!

But on the authority of the Word of God, we confidently declare that all human methods of seeking the cleansing of sin whichmen may practice must end in failure, even as Job's did when he said, "If I wash myself with snow water, and make my handsever so clean; yet shall You plunge me in the ditch, and my own clothes shall abhor me." Yet, if God really means to saveyou, He will never let you be satisfied with any human plan of salvation, but He will, to use Job's expression, plunge youin the ditch and make you feel even blacker than you did before! How will He do that?

Sometimes the Lord does this by bringing to a man's memory his old sins.' 'There," says the self-satisfied man, "I am gettingon now-how clean I am after that last wash!" And just then he recollects some sin he committed as a boy, or some foul deedwhich he can never wipe completely off the tablet of his memory. "Oh!" he cries, "that dreadful past sin of mine has not goneas I vainly hoped that it had-it is still there." So he is again plunged in the ditch and all his beautiful washing countsfor nothing!

At another time, the Lord permits the man to be greatly tempted. He gets up in the morning and says to himself, "Now I reallyfeel a great deal better than I have felt for a long time. I have firmly resolved to make a man of myself and I know thatmy resolutions are much stronger than they used to be." So he starts out very confidently. But presently there comes to himsomething that is stronger than his resolutions-and over goes the boastful man, generally failing in the very thing in whichhe fancied himself to be strongest! He soon discovers that he was only powerful as long as he had not a powerful adversaryto contend with him. That is the way in which many a man has been plunged by God in the ditch.

Sometimes God will do it in another way-by opening a boastful man's eyes to see the imperfection of his work He thinks, "Idid that piece of work well. I am sure I did and I do not see how any Christian could do it better." When any man begins totalk like that, the Lord often makes him sit down and closely examine that work of which he is so proud. And as he looks atit, he sees that it is full of flaws. It is a beautiful vase, but just try to fill it with water. Ah, it leaks! The man looksat it and says, "Well, I never thought it was as faulty as this. It seemed to me to be perfect! Yet this beautiful vase thatappeared to be so fair, leaks like a sieve." The man says to himself, "That good action of mine was done with a bad motive,so it is like a leaky vessel. While I was doing it, I was as proud as Lucifer over it. So it leaks-and after I had done it,I went away and boasted about it, so the vase kept on leaking." In that way the man gets plunged into the ditch and he seeshimself to be blacker than he was before he had thus washed his hands with snow water!

Very frequently men have been plunged into the ditch by being made to see the spirituality of the Law. A man says, "I havenot broken the Law. I have kept all the Commandments from my youth up. I never killed anybody. No one can say that I everdid." But where he finds it written, "Whoever hates his brother is a murderer," he cries, "Ah then I have been a murderer!"A man says very boldly, "I have never committed adultery! Who dares to say that I have?" But when he reads the words of Jesus,"I say unto you, that whoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart," thenthe man says, "I must admit that I am guilty, for I see that I have broken these commandments by my thoughts and looks, althoughI knew that I had not broken them by my actions. I did not know that the Law concerned itself so closely with looks and thoughtsas well as with acts and words." But, indeed, that is the very thing with which the Law is concerned-and for which it condemnsmen! And when the self-satisfied man learns this solemn Truth of God, he says, "Then I am plunged in the ditch, and my ownclothes abhor me, although I had washed myself quite clean."

Others are plunged in the ditch in this way-they are made to realize the supreme holiness of God. It had been the habit ofa certain man to say, "I am as good as my neighbors, and better than most of them. Don't talk to me about Christian men andwomen-there's many a professing Christian not half as good as I am! Why, was I not kind to my neighbor when he was in distress?Did I not give a guinea to such-and-such a charity? Am I not ready at all times to stand up for the right?" So he talks. Butwhen he gets a view of God, then, like Job, he abhors himself and repents in dust and ashes! And he says, "I thought I couldcompare myself with man, but I cannot compare myself with God! And as God and not man, is the standard of holiness, I am indeedplunged in the ditch. Yet I thought I had washed myself perfectly clean-that snow water and patent soap did seem to take thedirt off beautifully-but now I find that in the sight of God I am just as filthy as I can be." And when the Lord, the HolySpirit, convinces a man of sin, the words of Job are none too strong-"My own clothes shall abhor me." You may sometimes haveabhorred your clothes because they were so dirty that you were ashamed to be seen in them. But you must be dirty, indeed,when your very clothes seem ashamed to hang upon you! This is what the convicted sinner feels-that he is so foul that hisvery clothes seem to be ashamed of him, as if they would rather have been on anybody else's back than on the back of sucha filthy sinner as he is!

"Ah," says someone, "you are exaggerating now." No, I am not exaggerating, at least as far as my own personal experience isconcerned. I can well remember-though I did not then know that John Bunyan had used somewhat similar expressions-I can wellremember when I was under deep conviction of sin, wishing that I had been a frog or a toad rather than have been a human beingbecause I felt myself to be so foul in the sight of God. I felt that I was such a great sinner that the bread I ate mightjustly choke me and that the air I breathed might have righteously refused to give life to the lungs of such a sinner as Iwas. I felt, at that time, that if God spared me, it was only because He was boundless in compassion-and if He cast me intothe hottest Hell, I could never murmur against the justice of His sentence, for I felt that I deserved any punishment thatHe might award me. When the Holy Spirit brings sinners to feel like this, it is a proof that He is leading them on the wayby which He brings them to Christ. Oh, that the Lord would make every guilty sinner here long to be clean in His sight! Andalso make each one feel what is certainly the truth-that all the means in a man's own power of making himself clean will turnout to be dead failures-for though he should take snow water and wash himself ever so clean, yet would he again be plungedin the ditch and his own clothes would abhor him!

III. The last point on which I have to speak is the best. It is this-THERE IS A RIGHT WAY OF GETTING CLEAN IN GOD'S SIGHT.

First, it is an effective way. He that believes on the Lord Jesus Christ shall be made clean. He shall be cleansed from allthe foulness of the past-God will wipe it right out. He shall be cleansed as to his heart and his nature. To him God repeatsthat ancient promise, "A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you." "How is this to be had?"By trusting to the Divine method of cleansing the filthy, for the blood of Jesus Christ, God's Son, cleanses from all sineveryone who believes in Him. There are millions upon the earth now whom the blood of Jesus Christ has completely cleansed-andthere are millions more now hymning His praises in Glory who have had every spot of sin taken out of them by the applicationof His precious blood! O sinful Souls, if you could ever have made yourselves clean, Christ would not have needed to pourout His life's blood that you might be washed in it! If the cleansing bath could have been filled with human tears, or couldhave been filled by means of the incantations of a so-called priest, there would have been no need for Your wounds, O Emmanuel,and no need of Your indwelling, O regenerating and sanctifying Spirit! But because we could not be cleansed by any other means,the water and the blood flowed freely from the pierced heart of Jesus, the Divine Son of God! And now the ever-blessed Spiritwaits to be gracious and to change the heart and renew the nature and make us fit to be partakers of the inheritance of thesaints in light!

This effective way of getting cleansed is also an immediate way. We have often sung-

"There is life for a look at the Crucified One! There is life at this moment for you"- and it is true, for there is instantcleansing for anyone who looks to Jesus Christ. A sinner may have committed more sins than he could count in a million yearsand yet, as soon as he gives one believing look at Jesus Christ, all those sins are gone forever! You know that when a billis paid, the receipt is written at the bottom and that puts an end to the whole debt. So, Sinner, the name of Jesus at thebottom of the whole roll of your indebtedness to God puts an end to it all! The man who thinks he has only a few sins maybring his little bill-and you who know that you have many sins may bring your big bill-but Christ's receipt avails for oneas much as the other! Even if the roll of your guilt should be many miles long, it makes no difference to the efficacy ofthe blood of Jesus! If the list of your sins should be long enough to go right around the world-and just one drop of the bloodof Jesus should be put upon it-all that is written there would at once disappear and be gone forever! And the sinner wouldbe saved in the Lord with an everlasting salvation!

Further, this effective and immediate way of cleansing is also an attainable way of cleansing. To preach to sinners a salvationwhich they cannot obtain would be to tantalize them. We do not so, but to every person in this Tabernacle tonight and to everyoneanywhere else whom this message may reach, we have to say this, "If you will confess your sin to God and then put your trustin Jesus Christ, His Son, you shall be saved-even you, whoever you are, and whatever sin you may have committed!" Your confessionis to be made, not to your fellow creature, but to Him against whom your sins were committed. Go to your home, or seek somequiet spot where you can commune with your God. Tell Him that you have sinned, and ask Him to have mercy upon you. Tell Himthat Jesus died in the place of sinners-plead the merit of His precious blood and say, "Lord, I believe that You can saveme and I trust in You to save me, for Jesus' sake." If you will do this, you shall be forgiven! You shall be renewed in heart,you shall be made clean!

In closing my discourse, I remind you, as I have often done before, that this cleansing is available now, at this very moment!I recollect hearing of a somewhat stingy man who once needed to hire a horse and chaise to go out for a drive. So he wentto the man who let such things and asked the price. He said that the sum asked was too high-and went round to every otherperson in the little town who had such things to let, but found that their prices were higher still. So, at last, he wentback to the first man and said to him, "I will take your horse and chaise at the price you mentioned." "No," he said, "youwon't, for you have been around to everybody else to try to get them at a lower price, and I shall not let you have mine now."I was not very much surprised to hear that he was told that. Now, some of you have been to everybody else for salvation exceptto the Lord Jesus Christ! You have been to Rome and you have been to Oxford, and you have been to self and I hardly know whereyou have not been! Yet, notwithstanding that, you may come to Christ even now! He will not refuse you even now! Going to Canterburyhas not saved you, but going to Calvary can. You have found no help in the city on the seven hills, but you may find immediatehelp on the little hill outside Jerusalem's gate- the little mound called Calvary, where the Savior shed His precious bloodfor all who will put their trust in Him!

I have been talking to you in a very simple, homely way, for I have been afraid lest anybody should by any possibility notknow what the Gospel really is. I always think that if my net has small meshes, the big fish can get in and the little fishcannot get out, So I have put small meshes to my net and talked in a homely style with simple illustrations which all canunderstand. The Lord knows that I have done this out of love to your souls. I would bring you all to Jesus if I could-butI cannot do that. Oh, that the Spirit of God would do it! Why do you need so much urging to come to Christ? You are filthywith sin and here is a free bath in which you may be washed spotlessly white! Come and bathe in Jesus' blood and that willmake you fairer than the lilies, and lovelier than all the glories of Solomon! If you do but wash in this Fountain, you willscarcely know yourself when you come up out of it! And if you happen to meet your old self, the next day, you will say, "Ah,Self! I don't want to be on speaking terms with you anymore. I never knew that you were so ugly! I never knew that you wereso filthy! I never knew that you were so abominable till I had gotten rid of you by being made a new creature in Christ Jesus."

The Lord bless you and bring you to trust in Jesus Christ, His Son, and He shall have all the praise and glory forever andforever! Amen.


Verse 13. You are the salt of the earth. The earth would go putrid if there were no salt of Divine Grace to preserve it. So,dear Friends, if God's Grace is in you, there is a pungent savor about you which tends to preserve others from going as farinto sin as otherwise they would have done. "You are the salt of the earth."

13. But if the salt has lost its savor, wherewith shall it be salted?If the God-given Grace could be altogether taken fromyou. If you had no sanctifying power about you at all, what could be done with you? You would be like salt that has lost itssavor.

13. It is therefore good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men. Mark this, then- either thesaints must persevere to the end, or else the Grace of God has effectually done nothing for them. If they do not continueto be saints and to exercise a saintly influence, there is no hope for them! There cannot be two new births for the same person.If the Divine work has failed once, it will never be begun again. If they have really been saved, if they have been made thechildren of God and if it is possible for them to lose the Grace which they have received, they can never have it again. TheWord of God is very emphatic upon that point-"If they shall fall away, it is impossible to renew them again unto repentance"Falling may be retrieved, but falling away can never be. [See Sermon #75, Volume 2-final

PERSEVERANCE-Read/download the entire sermon, free of charge, at]

There are countries where there is found salt from which the pungency has completely gone. It is an altogether useless articleand if there are men who ever did possess the Grace of God, and who were truly God's people, if the Divine life could go outof them, they would be in an utterly hopeless case. Perhaps there are no powers of evil in the world greater than apostatechurches-who can calculate the influence for evil that the Church of Rome exercises in the world today?

14. You the are light of the world. The Bible is not the light of the world, it is the light of the Church! But the worlddoes not read the Bible, the world reads Christians! "You are the light of the world."

14. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. You Christians are like a city built upon a hilltop-you must be seen. Asyou will be seen, mind that you are worth seeing.

15. Neither do men light a candle and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick and it gives light unto all that are inthe house. God's intent is, first, to light you. And, secondly, to put you in a conspicuous position where men can see you.

16. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in Heaven.Letthe light of your purity and your good works be as bright as possible, yet let not the light be to your own praise and glory,but let it be clearly seen that your good works are the result of Sovereign Grace for which all the glory must be given to"your Father which is in Heaven."

17. 18. Think not that I am come to destroy the Law, or the Prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill For verilyIsayunto you, TillHeaven and earthpass away, onejot or one tittle shallin no wisepass from the Law, tillallare fulfilled. Seehow the great Lord of the New Testament confirms the Old Testament? He has not come to set up a destructive criticism thatwill tear in pieces the Book of Deuteronomy, or cut out the very heart of the Psalms, or grind Ezekiel to powder between Hisown wheels. But Christ has come to establish yet more firmly than before all that was written aforetime and to make it standfast as the everlasting hills.

19. Whoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least inthe Kingdom of Heaven: but whoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. A trueman may make mistakes and so he may teach men to violate someone or other of the Divine Commandments. If he does so, he shallnot perish, for he was honest in his blunder. But he shall be among the least in the Kingdom of Heaven. But he who earnestly,perseveringly and conscientiously teaches all that he knows of the Divine Will, "the same shall be called great in the Kingdomof Heaven."

20. For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you shallin no case enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. Christ does not teach a lower kind of morality than the Pharisees taught. Theywere very particular about little things-jots and tittles-but we must go further than they went! We must have more righteousnessof life than they had, although they seemed to their fellow men to be excessively precise. Christ aims at perfect purity inHis people and we must aim at it too. And we must really attain to more holiness than the best outward morals can produce.

21. You have heard that it was said by them of old time, You shall not kill; and whoever shall kill shall be in danger ofthe judgment God had said, "You shall not kill." But the remainder of the verse was the gloss of the Rabbis-a true one, yetone that very much diminishes the force of the Divine Command.

22. But I say unto you, That whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment And a farhigher judgment than that of men.

22. And whoever shall say to his brother, Raca. A word of very uncertain meaning, a kind of snubbing word, a word of contemptwhich men used to say to one another, meaning that there was nothing in them. "Whoever shall say to his brother, Raca."

22. Shall be in danger of the council: but whoever shall say, You fool, shall be in danger of Hell fire. Christ will not haveus treat men with anger, or with contempt, which is a very evil form of hate, akin to murder, because we as good as say, "Thatman is nobody." That is, we make nothing of him, which is morally to kill him. We must not treat our fellow men with contemptand derision, nor indulge any angry temper against them, for anger is of the devil, but "love is of God."

23, 24. Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has anything against you; leavethere your gift before the altar, and go your way; first be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.Note that this injunction is addressed to the man who has offended his brother Why is this? Because he is the least likelyto try to make up the quarrel. It is the man who has been offended who usually exhibits the nobler spirit-the offender isalmost always the last to seek a reconciliation and therefore, the Savior says to him, "If your brother has anything againstyou, it is but right that you should be the first to seek reconciliation with him. Leave your gift, go away from the PrayerMeeting, turn back from the Lord's Table and go and first be reconciled to your brother."

25. Agree with your adversary quickly.Always be ready to make peace-not peace at any price-but, still, peace at any priceexcept the sacrifice of righteousness.

25, 26. While you are on the way with him, lest at any time the adversary deliver you to the judge, and the judge deliveryou to the officer, and you be cast into prison. Verily I say unto you, You shall by no means come out from there till youhave paid the uttermost farthing. And there are some debts of which we cannot pay the uttermost farthing! And there is a prisonout of which no man shall come, for the uttermost farthing demanded there shall never be paid. God grant that we may, noneof us, ever know what it is to be shut up in that dreadful dungeon!