Sermon 2977. Plowing Rock

(No. 2977)




"Shall horses run upon the rocks? Will oneplow there with oxen?" Amos 6:12.

THESE two questions are evidently Oriental proverbial expressions. Proverbs have always been used by the wisest of men. Solomonnot only spoke and wrote a great many, but he also made a considerable collection of those uttered by others. We find in thewritings of such notable thinkers as Socrates, Pliny and Aristotle, an abundance of short, pithy sentences, many of whichcan be used as proverbs. Proverbs have great force in them, because they are condensed wisdom. They are generally most convincing-itis hardly ever possible to answer or controvert them. They carry truth home as an arrow has often been known to carry deathto the person aimed at, for they strike, they stick, they penetrate, they wound. Our Lord Jesus very frequently made use ofproverbs, nor was He singular in doing so. The Prophets of old constantly employed them and here, in our text, we see Amos-who,from his occupation as a herdsman and gatherer of sycamore fruit, was probably more familiar with their use than some othersof the Prophets were-puts together two proverbs which were commonly used to signify that men do not, as a rule, continue tolabor in vain and spend their strength for nothing. Wise men do not send their horses to run upon the rocks and they do notsend their oxen to plow where all their toil would be wasted-"Shall horses run upon the rocks?" "Will one plow rocks withoxen?" The answer implied is, "Certainly not," and it means that if a thing cannot be done, or is not worth doing if it can,it will be well for us not to attempt to do it. Our text may have two bearings-first, upon men and, secondly, upon God.

I. First, WITH REGARD TO MEN. They are not usually so foolish as to try to plow a rock, yet many are as foolish as that inmoral and spiritual matters!

I want to give you three or four illustrations of this fact. The first is that many persons have tried to find the way ofsafety and pleasure in the way of sin. Many a man has sought to get rich by injustice. Possibly he has succeeded to a certainextent, but, as a general rule, it is notorious that ill-gotten riches are generally ill-spent and bring a curse upon theirpossessors. Some have thought that if they indulged their passions, they would have great enjoyment. Although their fatherswarned them that such a sin would be like self-destruction and would make their whole life sad, they have not believed itwould be so and they have tried to plow this hard rock of sin and to find lasting pleasure therein. There are hundreds andthousands of men who are pursuing the way which is not good-and they know it is not good-yet they foolishly continue in itbecause they conceive it to be the path of pleasure, nor can you beat that false notion out of their heart, do what you may!On the contrary, they turn upon you and call you a "Puritan" because you object to their style of living. Possibly they revileyou as a hypocrite because you point out the evils of the way in which they are walking. Yet if they would but think at allseriously, they must perceive that the way of sin cannot lead to happiness. It is absolutely inconceivable that God, who madethe whole universe, should have arranged that the terminus of sin should be Heaven, or should have made the path of evil leadto joy and peace! The Judge of all the earth cannot have put a premium upon wickedness! In the long run, it will be provedthat sin brings forth sorrow and that the path of right is the path of peace. Yet many will not see that it must be so andthey continue, even to the bitter end of life, to plow that rock, breaking the plowshare, wearing out the ox, and themselvesdying a death of miserable disappointment, which, if they had not been arrant fools, they would never have had to endure,for they would never have attempted so hopeless a task as that of trying to find any real pleasure in the ways of sin! Aswell might you sow the sea with salt and expect to reap from it a harvest of golden sheaves! As well might you scatter firebrandsand expect to gather from them the cooling

streams that flow from the mountain spring, as live in sin and expect to receive happiness as the result of doing so! Cease,O sons of men-such an act of madness as the plowing of this rock must always be!

Others are attempting another equally absurd task. They are hoping to find real joy in pursuits which are laudable in themselves,but which are entirely of this world. Did you ever read the book called The Mirage of Life It is a book which is well wortheveryone's reading. The author gives, in sets of pictures, the life of the man of pleasure, the life of the courtier, thelife of the philosopher, the life of the statesman, the life of the warrior and so on with a very fair selection of factsfrom the lives of such men, with the objective of showing that, although each one of them was eminent in his own line of things-andapparently successful in that line-yet they all failed to find the precious jewel of solid satisfaction. Most of them livedin a sort of perpetual weariness and when, at last, they died, and their eyes were opened, they found that their pretty dreamshad all vanished and that the reality, when they beheld it, was dreary indeed. There have been men-perhaps some of you haveknown them-who have had more wealth than you and I would care to count, yet they have thought themselves poor-and so theyreally were, for they were incapable of enjoying the riches which they had amassed! There have been men who have been crownedwith laurel who have had all sorts of honors heaped upon them, yet, when a friend has wished them a happy new year, they havesaid, "Then it had need be a very different year from any that we have ever yet experienced." The high places of the world,like the mountaintops, are glassy with icy dangers and they are cold with discontent. Many try to clamber up to them-and afew reach the summit, but others perish in the crevasses. Yet those who reach the summit often envy those who are in the valleybelow, and those in the valley envy those on the heights, for, beneath yon moon, there is no contentment to be found in earthlythings either in the peasant's hut or the monarch's palace! The man whose arm is not long enough to grasp that which liesin the land beyond the stars will have to live and die without attaining to perfect satisfaction. Man, it is not here belowthat God has placed that which you need! The bread for your souls must come from Heaven! That which can satisfy your immortalspirit must be Divine, like the Creator who made you! God alone can satisfy the cravings of your soul. Cease, then, to toil,and tug, and fret, and fume, and waste your time and strength in seeking happiness in these bubbles of earth. "Seek you firstthe Kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you"-insofar as you need them-but as forseeking them first, plow that rock no longer, for it will yield you no return for all your toil!

Men of another sort are satisfied that the things of this world are not sufficient to render a man perfectly happy, so theyhave religious thoughts of a certain form. They believe that they are very good, excellent and they mean to make themselvesstill better and so to get perfect peace by feeling that they are what they ought to be, and have done what they ought tohave done! I remember when I plowed that hard rock and entertained the hope of getting a very fine crop off it-but I woke,one morning, to discover that the rock would not yield even the moss or lichen of comfort to me-there was nothing on its surfacethat could bring me any contentment. Self-righteousness is a great cheat. The man who gets most comfort out of it simply getsthat comfort because he is ignorant! If he knew himself and knew God's Law, and knew the demands of inflexible Justice, hewould fling upon the nearest dunghill that self-righteousness of his which looks like fair white linen, but which really is,in God's sight, nothing but filthy rags! O Sinner, you cannot find your way to Heaven by your own works, for the only wayto Heaven by works is to keep perfectly the Law of God-and you have already broken that Law! You must present this matchlessvase, flawless and entire, at the gates of Glory if you would be saved by works-but you have already shattered it in a thousandpieces-how can you hope to mend it? That is impossible! The hope of salvation by a perfect life is over and you must, eachone, feel that your life has already been imperfect.

Some hope that they will get perfect peace by the way of ceremonies. Many people tell us that we are living in a very enlightenedage, but I am inclined to think that Carlyle was uncommonly near the mark when he said that "the United Kingdom contains aboutthirty millions of people, mostly fools," for it does seem as if people, nowadays, are fools to a very large extent. For instance,a man says that if we will come and confess our sins to him, he can forgive us in the name of God-and that he can, by sprinklinga few drops of water upon a child, and uttering certain words, transform an heir of wrath into an inheritor of the Kingdomof Heaven! He also says that if we come to what he calls an altar, he will give us the very body and blood of Christ to eatand drink! Well, when I was young, I thought that anybody who talked like that ought to be served like the gypsies who wereput in prison for taking sixpences from silly servants and pretending to tell their fortunes! And, in later years, I havebeen sometimes surprised that the law has not been put in motion against

these gentlemen, for certainly the imposture which they seek to foist upon us is a far more terrible one than that of thefortune-telling gypsies! The so-called "priest" has no power to forgive sins, or to change the nature of the child he sprinkles,or to offer the sacrifice of the "mass." There is nothing more in him than there is in anybody else-and let him talk as loudlyas he may, his pretensions are utterly vain and worthless! If you trust to him, the result to you will be the same as it hasbeen to tens of thousands before you, for you will find that all the ceremonies which men have invented, yes, and all therites that God Himself has given, cannot bring healing to a diseased soul, or hush the tumult of an awakened conscience, orbring the soul into a state of conscious reconciliation with the Most High! O Sirs, you may be sprinkled, and confirmed, andimmersed, and go to the Communion Table, and do I know not what besides-yes, you may travel along seven thousand leagues ofceremonialism, but you will be just as uneasy at the end as you were at the beginning! That is not the way of peace, neitherwill God make it to be so! It is plowing a rock-and no harvest can possibly come of it.

Some are trying the equally impossible task of being saved by Jesus Christ when they shall have prepared themselves for Him.In other words, they talk about being saved by Christ, but, in their heart of hearts, they do not think that Christ can savethem till they have reached a certain standard of excellence. Now we know, from the Scriptures, that Jesus Christ came intothe world to save His people from their sins and He will do it from first to last, or not at all. He will be the Alpha andthe Omega-the A and the Z of salvation's alphabet, or else He will have nothing to do with it! Yet thousands of hearers ofthe Gospel are constantly saying, "We will believe in Jesus when we feel our sins more-when we feel more repentance-when wehave done this and told that, and experienced the other." Ah, Sirs, this plan of bringing Christ in at the end of the work-afteryou have accomplished the first part of it yourselves-is a most foolish mistake, and a fatal one, too! It is like settingoxen to plow a rock. Let me ask you-Are you any better than you used to be? You have been trying, for a long while, to makeyourselves ready for Christ-are you any more ready than you were at the first? Has it never struck you that Hart's lines aretrue?-

"If you tarry till you're better, You will never come at all"?

Thus I have shown you how the text can be applied with regard to men.

II. Now, secondly, I want to show you how these Proverbs can be applied WITH REGARD TO GOD. "Shall horses run upon the rocks?Will one plow there with oxen?"

God does not always continue to do that which, after a certain period, turns out to be unprofitable. Dear Friends, there aresome of you-I pray God to grant that there may not be any of you of whom this will remain true-but it is at present true thatthere are some of you to whom the Gospel has come in vain. Up till now, so far as you are concerned, the Gospel plow has onlygone across a rock-the Truth of God preached in your hearing has not gained an entrance into your heart. Oh, how many comeand hear us preach merely that they may compare us with other preachers! They pass certain criticisms upon our mode, mannerand matter. We do not know, and we do not care what they say, but the point that really concerns us is that we cannot getthe Gospel plow into them-we cannot make them feel, and repent, and believe! A great master of the art of preaching once said,when his congregation complimented him on having delivered a fine discourse, "There is another sermon lost." He did not wanthis hearers to praise his discourse-he wanted them to feel the power of the Truth of God which he had preached to them! Andso do we. But there are some hearers into whom we do not know how to get the Truth of God. We may put it, first in one way,and then in another way-sometimes pathetically and, at other times, we may make use of a little humor. We may denounce orallure, but we are equally foiled in whatever way we attempt to reach them. We cannot get the plow in where we want it togo and if ever the share does seem to make a little impression, it only produces a slight surface scratch. Some of you havehad a good many of those scratches. You have thought, "When I get out of this place, I will go home and pray," but you havenot done so. Or, if you have prayed, your seriousness has soon vanished and the impression made upon you in the service hasexpended itself in that prayer!

What is worst of all, in some of you, God's dealing with you, in the preaching of the Gospel, has developed the hardness ofyour hearts. It has made others realize how hard they are and, truth to tell, it has really hardened them. Plowing does notharden rocks-but preaching does harden sinners if the Gospel does not reach their hearts and, of all hardhearted men, thehardest are those who have been hardened in the fire of the Gospel! If you want to find a heart that

is as hard as steel, you must look for one that has passed through the furnace of Divine Love and has been made aware of theredemption that is in Christ Jesus, but has rejected the Truths of God that has been made known to it.

This hardening of heart is not the fault of the plowshares which have been used and, with some of you, God has used a greatmany. There is a man here who used to be plowed by God when he was a child, and the plowshares employed then were his mother'stears. He cannot forget them! Even now, as I bring them to his memory, he feels as if he must weep as he did when he was achild. Ah, my Friend, that mother of yours is in Heaven, now, but if she could look down upon her son, and tears could beshed in Heaven, what cause she would have to weep over you! She prayed for you when you were nestling in her bosom and shetook you to the House of God from your very early days. You can remember her very look when she used to speak to you aboutJesus when you were quite a little child! And perhaps you remember her dying request that you would follow her to Heaven.But that plowshare-one of God's best-has never yet cut into your rocky heart and you still remain as hard as you ever were!

Since that time God has tried you with the plowshare of personal sickness. You have not always been such a strong man as youare today. Time was when you lay very near the gates of death and you trembled at the prospect before you! Do you rememberwhen the fever seized you, or when you thought the cholera had claimed you as its victim? You trembled then and you made manyvows which all proved to be lies! And you even made a profession of repentance, but it was mere profession-and though youappeared, just for a little while, to be touched-and those who were around you, who had prayed for you, hoped that at lastthe plowshare had entered into you-they found that you rose up from that bed of sickness worse than you were before!

Since then, God has used another sharp plowshare upon you-the conversion of some of those who are very near and dear to you.You were not at all pleased when your wife came home a converted woman, but you could not help feeling it. And when your sisterwrote and told you that she was rejoicing in Christ as her Savior, you could not pour ridicule upon the letter and, as youread it, it brought tears to your eyes. You quickly wiped them away and said that you were not such a fool as to trouble aboutso absurd a matter, yet it was not easy for you to forget the emotion which the news had caused. Possibly your own dear child,whom you love very much, has made a profession of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, yet you do not know anything, experimentally,about such faith as that. This is a very sharp plowshare and none can think lightly of it but those who are unaware of itsoperation. To have your relatives and friends converted and to be yourself left out of the happy circle of blessing oughtto make you think seriously about this matter!

Another plowshare has gone across your rocky heart from the fact that some of your old companions are dead. One was buriedthis week, was he not? You used to drink and smoke with him, but there will be no more pipes and beer on a Sunday night foryou two! You know right well that he died without the fear of God in his heart and you also know that you are living in thesame sad and perilous condition. It gave you quite a shock when someone said to you, "Old Tom is dead." You have also seenseveral of your business friends die. There was that clerk who was in the office with you a little while ago-he is gone andyou have been called to occupy his place. Death has come awfully near you again and again. You have been like a soldier onthe field of battle who saw the ranks on every side of him mown down, yet he still lived on. God's plow has been at work withyou-He has been trying, by these striking Providential dealings, to touch your hard heart-but it has not yet yielded. Do youthink that God means to keep on plowing you to no effect? If you do, you are wonderfully mistaken, for the oxen will not alwaysplow upon this rock-and when it comes to this-that neither can love melt you, nor terrors subdue you-God will say, "Ephraimis joined to idols: let him alone." And when God says that, your doom will be sealed! May God grant that He may never haveto say that concerning any whom I am now addressing!

I have thus shown you that you have been like a piece of granite rock, untouched by all the different plowshares which havebeen tried upon you. There is another thought that you must not forget and that is, you have wearied the workers. I pity thepoor oxen that have to plow a rock-they plod on and on and all their toil is wasted. The hardest form of labor is that whichproduces no result. I remember being in a military prison where they punish the men by making them carry cannon balls fromone end of the yard to another, and bring them back again-a very senseless practice. The sergeant who accompanied me said,"When we let the men carry the balls from this end of the yard, to make them into a pyramid at the other end, there was somekind of amusement in the task, so the rule was made that the man must carry the ball from this end of the yard and bring itback again, and his toil seems to be so altogether fruitless that

it becomes a double punishment to him." It is certainly a very great trial for a man to have to work for nothing and to feelthat all he is doing will result in nothing. There are some of us who have had to do so with you unconverted folk. And sometimessome of us have been very harshly used-we oxen that have to plow such hard rock's as you are!

The first part of my text asks, "Shall horses run upon the rock?" I remember going over a smooth, rocky place in the Alpswhich is called Hell-Place because it is so very slippery. Well, horses could not be expected to run over rocks like those,and it is not surprising that they sometimes trip! And if the preacher occasionally trips, it is little wonder when he hassuch rocks as those to go over. George Herbert says that the sins of hearers sometimes make the preacher trip, and so it is.There is often, in the hearer, that which makes the preacher speak amiss. I remember pleading one night here with all my soul,and I said, "If some of you who are listening to me, never mean to accept Christ as your Savior, do not continue to sit inthis place and hear the Gospel, but go away and let somebody who will accept Him, occupy your seat." I did not think thatone of my hearers would take me at my word, but there was one, over whom I have never ceased to lament, and for whom I stillpray, who says that he will never come here again because he is one of those who will never receive Christ and, though hewould still like to hear me preach, he will never occupy another person's place. It was a mistake on my part to say what Idid, but I do not think I would have tripped like that if the rock had not been so hard and smooth!

It is hard for a horse to have to run upon such a rock as that and it is hard for the oxen to keep on plowing there. I havehad over 20 years of this kind of plowing upon some of you-and I have made nothing of you yet. Thank God, there are not manyof your sort, but there is still a remnant left of the old Park-Streeters who were "almost persuaded" then, and they are still"almost persuaded." And I am "almost persuaded" that I shall never be able to do them any good. It seems to me that thereis nothing which I can say that will ever reach their hearts, or else, surely, it would have reached them before now! I amalways glad when I hear that some other preacher attracts them and that they are listening to him with interest, for, as longas they get saved, I do not mind how it is done. Still, it is hard lines for us to have to preach for 20 years to some ofyou and to have all that labor for nothing. If anybody could teach me how to preach better, I would gladly go to school, again,and learn how to get at some of your hearts. If they would teach me how to speak in such a vulgar style that I would losemy reputation, but be blessed to the saving of your souls, I would willingly fling my reputation to the winds! Or if I couldlearn the art of oratory, I would go and sit at the feet of Cicero or Demosthenes, if I could but get at your superfine heartsthat need such fine words before they will be touched! But I fear that it is the oxen's fate to go on plowing, and plowing,and plowing-and to get weary with the labor, and yet to see no result of it all.

One other thing that I want you to remember-you who remain unconverted after all this effort-and that is if the same laborwhich has been lost upon you, has been used elsewhere, it might have been profitable. Christ said, concerning Bethsaida andChorazin, a very amazing thing which I do not fully understand, but which I absolutely believe-"If the mighty works whichwere done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes." It is a veryextraordinary thing that God would send the Gospel to men who do not get any good out of it, and not send it to people whowould have got good out of it! There are people, possibly, even in London, certainly, in other parts of the earth, who wouldhave been converted if they had heard the Gospel as much as you have-yet you have heard it and have not been converted! Thatsame digging about and fertilizing that would have made other trees bring forth much fruit, has been used in vain upon you,for you have brought forth no fruit. And you have stood there and occupied a plot of ground which a better tree might haveoccupied. You have cumbered the ground-do you think that God will always allow you to do that? Have you-who live in the countryand have a large orchard-have you a tree that has borne no fruit for many years? I am sure that, if so, you mean to have itcut down before long-and God means to have some of you cut down-and that, it may be, before long! I tremble even as I speakto you thus, for I may be a Prophet foretelling the destruction of your soul! May God, in His infinite mercy, grant that youmay repent before His axe of Judgment falls upon you!

Any man in his senses, when he finds that the rock will not break, gives up plowing it. The ancient proverb says, "Will oneplow there with oxen?" and God, though infinitely merciful, is equally wise. And if, after the use of means which are blessedelsewhere, any heart still remains hard, He may fairly say, "I have done with it. I give it up to its natural rockiness andso let it continue forever." That is the end of the matter and a terrible end it is! And I do not know anything more thatI can say about it. I have preached the Gospel thousands of times and I have nothing to preach but the Gospel-but these peoplewill not have it, so what more can I say to them? A man came to me the other day and asked me to pray for him. He was oneto whom I had many times explained the Gospel and after I had again done so, he said to me, "Will you pray for me, Sir?" Isaid, "No, I will not." He asked, "Why not?" and I replied, "Do you want me to ask God to save you apart from the Gospel?I have told you the Gospel again and again-will you accept it? If you will not, I shall not ask God to save you. How can Ido so? I cannot expect Him to save you if you will not have the Gospel. If you will have it, that will save you. If you willnot have it, you will be lost and it is no use for me to pray for you."

There I had to leave the matter so far as that man was concerned, but let me say this much to God's people-You see that wecannot do anything with this rock. The oxen are quite tired out with their useless labor, so let us pray to God to turn thatrock into good soil. It needs a miracle to be worked and only God can work it. Let us unite our prayers and cry to God, "OLord, You did change our rocky hearts into good soil, where the Good Seed could enter, germinate and grow. Change these rocks,we beseech You!" Here is the reason for our Prayer Meetings and for our private intercession. We can do nothing with theserocky hearts, so let us turn to God who can do everything! Then I may add that if you will pray God to change these rockyhearts, I will go on preaching to them! The weary ox will go on plowing again, hard as it has found the work for these 20years and more. If you will pray, I will preach! If you pray God to make the rock brittle and break it up, I will plow itagain, and I should not wonder if the plowshare gets into some of them at last, so that there may yet be a golden harvestto God's honor and Glory!

Let me put the plow in one minute more. The greatest rock-breaking plow that I know of is the one that broke me up. If thatwill not do it, I do not know of any other that will. When Christ died upon the Cross, among other wonderful things that happened,we read that "the rocks rent, and the graves were opened." Ah, it was a dying Christ that rent the rocks! Sinner, listen oncemore to-

"The old, old story Of Jesus and His love."

You have offended and grieved your God and my God is just-and must punish you for your wrongdoing. But, in order that He maynot punish you, He has taken upon Himself your nature and come into this world to suffer in the sinner's place and borne whatwas due to human sin in His own body on the Cross! Out of pure love to those who were His enemies, out of love to those heartsthat are so hard that they will not love Him, out of love to those who have, perhaps, for 50 years rejected and despised Him-forlove, for the sake of love, alone, He died upon the Cross, "the Just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God." And now,if you will trust Him, you shall at once have the pardon of all your sins! If you will trust Him, you shall be-

"To the great Father's bosom pressed,

Once for all a child confessed!" You shall be cleansed in a moment and accepted and saved forever if you do trust the Incarnate,dying, risen, glorified Redeemer! God grant that this plowshare of the Cross may touch you! Law and terrors, I know full well,do not affect some men, but Almighty Love-will that not affect them? God grant that it may, and unto Him shall be glory foreverand ever! Amen.


Amos was a herdsman and a gatherer of sycamore fruit. His words are rugged, but sometimes he rises to sublimity. His expressionsare somewhat dark and not readily understood, but when we learn the meaning of them, we perceive that they are full of deep,earnest, solemn warning and instruction.

Amos 6:1. Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of Samaria, which are named chief of the nations, to whomthe house of Israel came!It was a time of great sin and also of great judgment, yet there were some in Zion who were quiteat ease under all that was happening. No sense of sin grieved them, no thought of coming judgment alarmed them. What did theycare if the nation went to rack and ruin? What did it mean to them that God was angry with His people? They were atheistsor, at least, they acted as if they were! Whatever might happen, they would run the

risk of it. "Woe," says God, to all such people as these-and when the Lord says, "Woe," to anyone, it is indeed woe, for Henever speaks thus without cause.

2. Pass you unto Calneh, and see; and from there go you to Hamath the great; then go down to Gath of the Philistines: be theybetter than these kingdoms? Or their border greater than your border? The Lord points to other cities which had been destroyed-toCalneh, and Hamath, and Gath which He had smitten because of the sin of the people who had lived there, and He says, "Youthat dwell at Jerusalem, and you that live at Samaria, do not imagine that you will escape the consequences of your sin. Iwas able to reach the inhabitants of these proud cities, despite their strong fortifications and their powerful armies-andI can also reach you." So, when we look back upon the judgments of God upon guilty men, we may conclude that no sinner hasany right to think that he shall escape. The proudest and mightiest have been brought down by God and so will men who dareto resist the Most High continue to be humbled, even to the world's end.

3. You that put far away the evil day. You who say, "There is time enough yet. Let us see a little more of life; why needwe be in a hurry to seek salvation?" "You that put far away the evil day"-

3. And cause the seat of violence to come near For, when men try to postpone thoughts about "the judgment" which is to follow"after death," they are generally the more eager to indulge in sin. They say, "There is time enough yet," because they wanta longer period for yet greater indulgence in sinful ways. The Lord cries, "Woe," to all such people as these.

4. That lie upon beds of ivory.They were men of wealth who spent their money upon all manner of luxuries while the poor ofthe land were perishing through need.

4. And stretch themselves upon their couches, and eat the lambs out of the flock, and the calves out of the midst of the stall.Itwas, as I have said, a time of danger when war was at the gates, but the people were so careless that they lived as if peacewere established forever and the enemy could never touch them! Their expenditure was at a high rate for self-indulgence andonly for that.

5. That chant to the sound of the viol, and invent to themselves instrument of music, like David. But not for the same purposeas David played and sang-his instruments of music were used for spiritual solace and the worship of God-but these people settheir wits to work to find out how their music might inflame their lusts and be a vehicle for the expression of their lasciviousdesires.

6. That drink wine in bowls. For seldom can a careless man crown the edifice of his sin without indulging in drunkenness!He must have the sensual delight that he finds in "the flowing bowl."

6. And anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph. It is not wrongfor a person, to whom God has given much of the good things of this life, to enjoy them fitly and reasonably. The sin of thesepeople consisted in the fact that when others were afflicted, they took that opportunity to indulge themselves in all thedelights of the flesh. And when God's rod was being used for chastisement, they went on with their sinful mirth to show howlittle they cared about it. Probably I am addressing some who have, at this very moment, a sore sickness in the house. Orit may be that a beloved wife is scarcely cold in her grave, or a dear child has only just sobbed itself into its death-sleep-yetthe survivors are running after amusements, pleasures and follies more wildly than ever, as if to hush the voice of conscienceand to forget the strokes of God's rod! Oh, that this very solemn chapter might convey a warning message to them!

7. Therefore now shall they go captive with the first that go captive, and the banquet of them that stretched themselves shallbe removed. Whenever God does come forth to execute judgment upon the ungodly, He will first pick out those who have defiedHim the most. Those who have the proudest spirit and the hardest heart shall be the first to feel the strokes of His rod.

8. The Lord GOD has sworn by Himself, says the LORD, the God of Hosts, I abhor the excellency of Jacob, and hate his palaces:therefore will I deliver up the city with all that is therein.

The next chapter shows that even when God was very angry with the wicked, there was still wonderful power in prayer.

Amos 7:1-3. Thus has the lord God showed unto me; and, behold, He formed grasshoppers in the beginning of the shooting up of the lattergrowth; and, lo, it was the latter growth after the king's mowing. And it came to pass, that when they had made an end ofeating the grass of the land, then I said, O Lord God, forgive, I beseech You: by whom shall Jacob arise? For he is smallThe Lord repented for this: it shall not be, says the LORD. In a vision, the Prophet saw the locusts or grasshoppers cometo devour all the green things of the land-a very terrible visitation! If you have never seen it, you cannot realize how utterlybare everything is made after the visit of the locusts. The Prophet put up a vehement and earnest prayer. He cried, "O LordGod, forgive!" And no sooner was the intercession offered than the Lord said, "It shall not be." Thus the impending judgmentwas turned away.

4-6. Thus has the Lord God showed unto me: and, behold, the Lord God called to contend by fire, and it devoured the greatdeep, and did eat up a part. Then said I, O Lord God, cease, I beseech You: by whom shall Jacob arise? For he is small. TheLord repented for this. This also shall not be, says the Lord God. This time the Prophet saw the fire devouring the land-perhapsthe fire of war which casts its blazing brand upon peaceful dwellings. This fire, however, was something worse than that,for the very deep itself seemed to be licked up by tongues of flame and the Prophet, in hearty sympathy with the afflictedpeople, cried again as he had done before, and the answer came, "This also shall not be, says the Lord God." This ought toencourage you who are the King's remembrancers to make use of the position in which His Grace has placed you, and to cry earnestlyto Him to turn away His wrathful hand and have pity upon sinners! God grant that many of us may have such an intercessoryspirit as that of Amos the herdsman-Prophet!