Sermon 1840. The Bond of the Covenant

(No. 1840)

A SERMON DELIVERED ON LORD'S-DAY MORNING, MAY 10, 1885,

BY C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.

"And I will bring you out from the people, and will gather you out of the countries where you are scattered, with a mightyhand, and with an outstretched arm, and with fury poured out. And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, andthere will I plead with you face to face. Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so willIpleadwith you, says the Lord God. And I will cause you topass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the Covenant:And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against Me: I will bring them forth out of the countrywhere they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Israel: and you shall know that I am the Lord." Ezekiel 20:34-38.

THIS striking utterance was given forth by that renowned Seer, Ezekiel, at the time when the Israelites, scattered in everycountry, had begun to forget their nationality. They judged it prudent and wise, as much as possible, to disguise their distinctivecharacter and melt their race into the Babylonian or Chaldean-and become like the heathen. But God, who chose His people ofold, would not have it so, and He interposed with this striking passage-"And that which comes into your mind shall not beat all, that you say, we will be as the heathen, as the families of the countries, to serve wood and stone." The Lord tellsthem that He had them for a people and He meant to hold them for a people. Whether they delighted in it or not, He would notlet them go! He pronounced a solemn oath concerning them-"As I live, says the Lord God, surely with a mighty hand, and withan outstretched arm, and with fury poured out, will I rule over you."

They shall no more become Babylonians than of old He would suffer them to become Egyptians. This passage, which I have takenfor a text, may very truthfully be regarded as a threat of terrible judgment upon erring Israel-as much as if the Lord hadsaid, "You of the house of Israel, whom I have made to be the type of My spiritual people, you shall be Mine. And if you wanderfrom Me, I will distinguish you by special punishments. Therefore I now threaten you with special judgments. If you will attemptto mix yourselves up with the Gentiles, I will deal with you with a startling severity, such as I have never shown unto theheathen. Your sins are greater, your privileges greater and so shall your chastisements be greater. You, only, have I knownof all the nations of the earth, therefore I will punish you for your iniquities."

Dear Friends, it is a dreadful thing to profess to belong to the people of God! It is a matter of great privilege if it istrue, but if it is a lie, it is an awful thing involving sevenfold judgment! God will cause His professing people to be distinguishedfrom other men and they that come in among them, who are not truly of them, shall be so dealt with that both the ears of himthat hears thereof shall tingle! Special severities will overtake apostate professors-therefore they had better know whatthey are doing. You cannot trifle with the Christian faith! You cannot be a traitor and quietly glide away-you shall be markedas the son of perdition! You shall be known like Judas, as one for whom it would have been better that he had never been born!A profession of Christianity, without the real possession of it, will turn out to be a mantle of fire to him who puts it on!Such is the run of this passage.

But at the same time, reading between the lines and considering the verses very carefully, another reading is sug-gested-God,if He does not show distinguishing judgment, will display distinguishing Grace. Without twisting the passage at all, I willuse the whole of it as setting forth that peculiar favor which God intends to exhibit towards His own chosen and of whichthey shall be the subjects, to the praise of the glory of His Grace. I see within this threatening black cloud, a bright lightof infinite mercy, a silver lining of love! A golden thread of Grace runs through these threatening

verses, for the Lord speaks of taking away the rebels from among His people but, all along, when He addresses the remnantof His people, His tone is that of Grace.

He solemnly threatens judgments, but these are preparations for mercy. He preaches to them, by the Prophet, concerning mercyand judgment blended in effectual working for salvation. Lovingkindness underlies and overlays His wrath. He puts on a frownin order to smile. He deals harshly with His chosen, that He may deal safely with them- killing them, that He may make themalive-piercing them with the arrows of conviction, that He may pour in the wine and oil of His healing comforts! The centralpart of my text is this-"I will bring you into the bond of the Covenant." I want briefly to explain what that means. Our secondsubject shall be the method which God often pursues with men when He is bringing them into this bond of the Covenant. By terriblethings in righteousness He saves those whom He determines to bring to Himself!

When we have spoken upon that matter, our third point will be the ultimate design of it all-of His severity in leading themby so stern a way and of His love in bringing them into the bond of the Covenant-the design is, "You shall know that I amJehovah." Judgment and mercy are both intended to make men know, in their inmost souls, that He who thus deals with them is,indeed, the living God.

I. First, then, the MEANING OF BRINGING MEN INTO THE BOND OF THE COVENANT. If we take the passage as referring to the workof Grace, it signifies that they shall know under what Covenant they stand. Beloved, there is scarcely a more important questionfor all of us than this-under which Covenant do we live? Are we under Law or under Grace? By the very fact of our creation,we are under bonds to our Maker to love and serve Him-and this is a form of the Covenant of Works. In serving God, we shouldhave found happiness. In rebelling against Him, we have found sorrow. Thus the Covenant which was bound up with the very natureof things had its sanctions of reward and penalty.

Without being strictly defined in words, the foundation of it was laid from the first. But God put it into words when He dealtwith us in Adam, our first Covenant-head. He was forbidden to eat of the fruit of one special tree and he was warned thatin the day in which he should eat of it, he would surely die. This Covenant was speedily broken-man being in honor, continuednot. Our whole race in Adam broke the Covenant and fell from its high estate. There we lie by nature, condemned under theCovenant of Works. Set forth, as that Covenant is, in the Ten Commandments of the Law, it is as terrible as it is pure. Thecommandment is holy, just and good, but we constantly violate it. The perfect Law has been broken by all of us-by some ithas been violated openly by wanton, willful acts of rebellion-by all of us it has been broken in heart and will. He that breaksone link has broken the chain. He that is guilty of one command is guilty of the whole Law-for it is one and indivisible.

Now, you that are under the Law, hoping to be saved by your own works, see where you are-as many as are of the works of theLaw are under the curse, for, "cursed is everyone that continues not in all things which are written in the book of the Law,to do them." Whatever excellencies you may have-and you have many in the sight of men-yet if you are under that Covenant ofWorks, your comeliness is turned into corruption! "This do and you shall live," is no promise to you now, seeing you havefailed to do! It becomes to you a curse because of your transgressions. But there is another and a better Covenant, whichis not a Covenant of Works at all, but of free, rich, Sovereign Grace. It was made of old with Christ, the second Adam, ourbetter Covenant-Head. Its tenor was on this wise-He shall obey the Father's will- actively and passively He shall do and sufferthe will of the Most High. And, in doing so, He shall save those whom the Father has given Him! A great multitude inheritthe reward of Christ's perfect obedience for, being chosen by God and having the Lord Jesus to be their Representative, theyare made to live by His fulfilling and honoring of the Law.

The great question for each one is-Am I under that New Covenant? Am I under that Covenant of Grace and peace?-that Covenant"ordered in all things and sure"? You can answer that question by this one-Are you in Christ Jesus? Are you resting whollyon Him, alone? If so, mark this-the Lord has said, by His servant Isaiah, "I have given Him for a Covenant to the people."If you have Christ, you are in the Covenant of Grace! If you are trusting in Him, God has made an everlasting Covenant withyou, ordered in all things and sure, concerning which we read in your hearing, just now, both in Jeremiah 31 and in Ezekiel 36. Dwell on those Covenant promises! "A new heart, also, will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you." And again,"And I will make an everlasting Covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put Myfear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from Me."

Oh, the blessedness of being under such a sure Covenant! This is what is aimed at, that God may bring His own from under theLaw and place them under the Covenant of Grace. Though as yet they care nothing about it, He will bring them to know and realizethat they are standing in the Covenant of Grace, with Christ as their Covenant-Head. The drift of the inward work is to leadthem to accept the gift of God and so to come "into the bond of the Covenant."

They shall, secondly, be led to see how this Covenant binds them to God. If you are in this Covenant, you belong to God andHe will have you, for the Christ will not shed His blood in vain, nor pay a ransom price for that which He will not possess.He will keep to Himself the spoil which He has taken from the hand of the mighty-and His Father will give Him to see of thetravail of His soul and to be satisfied. If you are in this Covenant, you belong to the Lord forever and neither shall itbe possible for you to be your own, or to be the devil's. You are "the sheep of His pasture and the people of His hand"-andHe will keep you as the apple of His eye and preserve you as the jewels of His crown. You are bound to Him if you are in theCovenant of Grace-do you wish to break this Covenant? Do you wish to depart from the solemn obligations which that Covenantof love casts upon you?

Though this Covenant is not of works, it produces more works than the Covenant of Works ever could, for, being saved by Grace,it is written, "Sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the Law, but under Grace." Grace, and the gratitudewhich comes of it, form a firmer bond to hold the soul from straying than the hope of reward can possibly do! It is strongerthan the fear of Hell. O, mighty Grace, you hold us with the cords of a man from which we never desire to escape! We are theLord's people and He is our God! He holds us and we hold to Him. He is our Husband and our hearts are knit to Him. The bondof the Covenant unites us to the thrice holy God and none shall break the sacred union.

To come under the bond of the Covenant means, also, to come under the discipline of the Covenant, for they that are in graciousCovenant with God will find that He deals with them as with sons and, inasmuch as He loves them, they shall know the truthof that Word of God-"As many as I love I rebuke and chasten." "If they break My Covenant," He says, "I will chasten them withthe rod of a man." And again, "You, only, have I known of all the nations of the earth, therefore I will punish you for youriniquities." If you enter into Covenant with God and you turn aside, even in little matters, you shall soon discover thatthe Lord is a jealous God! If you disobey God, He will make sin bitter to you. He will not let you transgress as other mendo- goats may wander with impunity, but the sheep may not! God reserves the ungodly unto the day of judgment, but judgmentbegins even now at the house of God! His fan is in His hand and He will thoroughly purge His floor if He purges nothing else!You cannot be in Covenant with God and yet be left alone in your transgressions, for it is to the reprobate that He says "Lethim alone, he is given unto idols."

The mark of God's people is that if they sin they smart-and if they wander they are whipped back. Despondency, sickness, bereavement,loss and even temporal death may fall upon the chosen as visitations of God to deliver them from the power of Satan! So, yousee, it is God's design to bring His people to know their Covenant standing, to see how the Covenant binds them to their Godand to feel that this holds them under a holy discipline such as God does not exercise upon the mass of mankind, but onlyupon "a people near unto Him."

Further, this coming under the bond of the Covenant means, surely, that they yield to its restraint. I do not know how togive a better expression to what I mean than by quoting the lines we often sing-

"Oh to Grace how great a debtor Daily I'm constrained to be! Let that Grace, now, like a fetter, Bind my wandering heart toThee." Can Grace ever be a fetter? Oh, yes-it is the most blessed of all fetters, for it holds us fast-and yet never violatesour liberty! It binds the very heart in willing captivity. This is the bond of the Covenant. "Oh," says one, "I do not wantto be under any bond." Then, in all probability, you are bound by the chains of self-will. In Grace you can be under bonds,yet not in bondage. I am in the bonds of wedlock, but I feel no bondage-on the contrary, it is a joy to be so bound! The bondsof love and the cords of a man cause no chaffing. The bond of Grace is a marriage bond, inviting us to Him whom we love aboveall, even the altogether lovely Bridegroom of our souls! It is our joy to look up to our Covenant-Head and obey Him in allthings!

This bond holds us back from doing what it would be to our injury to do. It restrains us from sinning against God. Insteadof wishing to be free of this bond, we desire to realize it in its most stringent form-by being crucified with

Christ-nailed up hands and feet so as to be incapable of following the wandering wishes of the unregenerate nature! O, thatwe were utterly incapable of sin! Would God we were bound to holiness as with belts of steel! I hope many of you feel theblessed restraint of Covenant relationship, so that you cry with Joseph, "How can I do this great wickedness and sin againstGod?" The love of Christ both restrains and impels us because we thus judge that if One died for all, then all died, and thatHe died for all that they which live might not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto Him that died for them and rose again!Blessed bond of the Covenant! Oh, to wear its easy yoke and bow before its gentle scepter! The heart is never so free as whenit is brought into complete captivity to the love of God. The true freedom of the will is freedom from sin. O, Lord, trulyI am Your servant! You have loosed my bonds; and now I cry, "Bind the sacrifice with cords, even to the horns of the altar!"

But surely, it means, also, the security of the Covenant-"I will bring you under the bond of the Covenant," must mean, "Iwill bind you to the Lord Jesus, your Surety and Bondsman, and He shall secure you forever." This Covenant is everlasting,a Covenant of Salt, hence we sing-

"This bond shall never break,

Though earth's old columns bow!

Our sure foundations never shake,

We're one with Jesus now!"

One with Jesus we shall always be, for who shall separate us? That is a blessed phrase which speaks of our soul being boundup in the bundle of life with the soul of the Lord our God. This is what the Covenant has done for us-it has made us so onewith Christ and in Christ; so one with the eternal Father, that it is written, "I will never leave you nor forsake you." Boundby everlasting bonds, who shall separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord? I cannot linger longerover this precious Truth of God, but surely it is an unspeakable privilege to be brought into such a Covenant bond! I trustmany of you know by experience what it means.

How earnestly do I pray that some who have been strangers to this matter may begin to spell it out this morning. Oh, you whomGod means to save, I trust He has brought you into such a condition that you would give your eyes to come from under the Covenantof Works, since there is no salvation there! You feel it must be Grace, alone, that can save such unworthy creatures as youare and, though you cannot, as yet, see spiritual truth, you are longing and looking out for some ground of hope in the infiniteloving kindness and long-suffering of God in Christ Jesus. Well, be of good cheer, for I am going to talk to you, now, aboutthe way in which God deals with many whom He brings under the bond of the Covenant!

II. This is our second head. THE EXPERIENCE OF SOME IN COMING UNDER THE BOND OF THE COVENANT. I do not want to be mistaken.I believe that many are brought under the bond of the Covenant by very simple and gentle means, especially those who sweetlyyield to the gentle drawings of the Holy Spirit. Very early in life some are brought to Jesus with little terror or distressof mind. Let them be very grateful for it. If you come to Christ, I do not care how you come, for I am sure you could nothave come at all if the Father had not drawn you and if He has drawn you, there is no mistake in your method of coming! Ifyou have tasted but little of the bitterness of sin because you have been kept from it by preventing Grace, do not raise aquestion on that account. Though you may not have been made to sit and sigh in the blackness of darkness, it is enough ifyou now see the great Light of God. The Lord, in great tenderness, brings many of His children to Himself early in the morning,so early that they enjoy a long and blessed day in His service-and they are strangers to those broken bones which come ofa long sojourn in the enemy's camp.

These Israelites to whom Ezekiel spoke had gone very far into sin, as far as they could go-they had been false to their promises,wicked in their lives and rebellious in heart against their God. With many of this character, the Lord deals with a singularseverity of love. He strikes them with a sword, for only so can their sins be slain. Of those processes of Grace we will nowspeak.

To begin, will you follow me in the text at the 34th verse? Here were a people whom God had chosen to be His own, but theyhad ignored that choice and had said to themselves that they would be like the families of the countries, to serve gods ofwood and stone. Many among those whom the Lord has chosen in His secret purposes are saying to themselves, "We will neverbelong to those religious people; we will never be called cants, hypocrites, Methodists, or Presbyterians." They have a perfecthorror of being ridiculed for Christ's sake! These persons are, for the present, perfectly satisfied to

take their lot with the multitude-distinguishing Grace has no charms for them. Hear, then, what God will do with such if Hemeans to bring them under the bond of the Covenant!

First, He will cause them to come out from their present company. "I will bring you out from the people, and will gather youout of the countries where you are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with fury poured out."You do not mean to leave your present settlement, but you shall come out of it once and for all. You shall feel yourself tobe as a speckled bird among your former associates. The Lord will make you to loathe the amusements which are now your delight-andthe lusts of the flesh-which you now follow after as the fish hastens to the bait, shall become abominations to you! You shallfind in your old sins such death and corruption that you shall turn from them as a man turns from a rotting carcass. God canreadily enough accomplish this by ways known to Himself. Your old friends will not miss you and, what is more, they will notdesire you to return to them! You shall be so miserable that they will be glad to be rid of you! As the wounded stag retiresinto the depths of the forest to bleed and die, alone, because those which are not wounded roughly push at it with their horns,so it shall be with you-you shall prefer solitude to the galling words of the ungodly.

If the Lord has chosen you and you have chosen sin, He will deal with you with a strong hand and an outstretched arm-and makeyou know His fury against evil. His love to you shall show itself in wrath against your sin. You shall come to think of Godas angry with the wicked every day, for so He is. You shall hear that sentence sounding in your ears, "If he turns not, Hewill whet His sword. He has bent His bow and made it ready." What is more, you shall not only read the words, but you shallfeel the arrows of vengeance sticking fast in you, till you long to escape from your transgressions.

The Israelites in Egypt, for a time, were glad to dwell there and they began to worship the gods of Egypt. But presently Godput it into Pharaoh's heart to oppress them-and he did so most grievously-Israel had to make bricks without straw till theirbondage grew unbearable and they cried unto the Lord their God. He will make it so with you, if you are one of His, for outof the Egypt of the world you shall come. You may get the flavor of the leeks and the garlic and the onions of Egypt uponyour palate and delight in then, but you shall yet be made to nauseate that in which you de-light-and long for heavenly mannawhich you now despise! The Lord Jesus will seek out His own sheep and separate them from all other flocks.

Note, next, that God said He would bring them into distress and loneliness-"And I will bring you into the wilderness of thepeople." It was not to be a wilderness like the wilderness of sin where there were no inhabitants, but, "I will bring youinto the wilderness of the people." This is, indeed, a terrible wilderness, for you walk in the midst of crowds and yet youare perfectly alone-you mingle with the great congregation and yet feel that none can enter into your secret. How wretchedto sit here and feel that there is not another man like you in all this vast assembly! You have come into a howling wildernesswhere there is no water of joy, or track of hope. Where now your mirth and giddiness? Where now your comrades in iniquity?The Lord can soon make the gay worldling into the desponding solitary. I have seen Him touch proud young men and they havebeen brought to deep humiliation of spirit, so as to be glad to sit down like little children and learn the way of the Kingdomof God! Oh, you stiff-necked, hard-hearted sinners-if God's almighty love goes forth, He will soon turn your hearts of stoneinto flesh till you become ready to weep yourselves away because you have grieved your Savior!

Many here can remember when they were in that condition-when the ministry seemed a wilderness! They went up to hear the Wordof God preached and, while others were converted, they were not! The Bible, itself, seemed to be a wilderness-when they readit they found no comfort. The Book appeared to thunder at them! Great pieces of ordnance were fired against their consciencesout of its Law. They turned to Christian friends and, sometimes, to unchristian friends-but from neither the one nor the othercould they obtain any help! No man understood them-they did not understand themselves! "They wandered in the wilderness ina solitary way; they found no city to dwell in." Like the Jews in Babylon, they sat down and wept. Then was fulfilled in themthis Word of God-"I will bring you into the wilderness of the people." This is God's way of bringing men to Himself. He digsthem up by the roots, that He may remove them and plant them by the rivers of waters in the garden of the Lord.

Read on. What does He say next?-"And there will I plead with you face to face." Brothers and Sisters, you that know what thismeans by experience must help me out, for I cannot describe it in words. When the Lord becomes so realized to

the guilty conscience that there seems to be nothing anywhere except God and that poor sinner, face to face with one another,then there is a time of fear and trembling, indeed! For God to stand face to face with an unpardoned sinner and plead withHim is a matter of deep solemnity. Do you know it? The sinner then cries out with Job, "I have heard of You by the hearingof the ear: but now my eyes see You. Why, I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes." If the Lord does but let loose Histerrors upon men's minds and deals with them hand to hand, then their beauty is consumed like the moth! The poor preachertried often to touch their proud hearts, but he could not reach them. But when God comes, by His Holy Spirit, as a spiritof bondage and begins to plead with them face to face, they are right speedily low in the dust! They know not how to answerthe Lord for one of a thousand of the sins which He presses upon their consciences! When He lays judgment to the line andrighteousness to the plummet, the hail soon sweeps away their refuges of lies! If I could have been saved by finding one excusefor my sin when I was under conviction, I could not have discovered it. I was without excuse. I knew that I was guilty andI wondered that I was not sent to Hell then and there! When once God pleaded with me, "face to face," there was no help forit but to plead guilty at once.

The Lord further declares He will plead with them as He pleaded with their fathers in the wilderness. How did He do that?Why, very terribly indeed! Certain men had rebelled against God and against Moses-and God said, "Hang up their heads in theface of the sun." At another time when certain of them rebelled against Aaron, the earth opened and swallowed them up-andKorah, Dathan, and Abiram went down alive into the Pit. Once the Lord pleaded with them by sending fiery serpents among them-andmultitudes were bitten and died. At another time the pestilence multiplied graves at each resting place. He brought them verylow by these terrible pleadings! Had not Moses stood in the gap, as mediator, and had not Aaron intervened as a faithful HighPriest, they had been utterly consumed! Truly the Lord pleaded with them by terrible things in righteousness!

Beloved, broken-hearted Hearer, are you passing through that stage? Is God pleading with you in that fashion? Does He bringjudgment after judgment upon you? Do His threats follow each other like peals of thunder? Has He burned up all your comfort?Has He scorched and withered all your confidence? Are you brought unto the dust of death? Do you cry out, "My soul choosesstrangling rather than life! Day and night Your hand is heavy upon me. My moisture is turned into the drought of summer"?Believe me, you are not alone in such a dread experience-many of God's dear children have traversed this valley of death shadeand, by this road, they have been brought under the bond of the Covenant! It is not that God loves to treat us thus, for Hedoes not afflict willingly, but, like a wise father He will not spare the rod and spoil the child. Self-confidence must bekilled! Carnal confidences must be destroyed! Self-righteousness must be slain. The Lord will turn your sweetness into bitternessand your light into darkness, that you may be fully weaned from your own ways and may be made willing to be saved by SovereignGrace.

What more does God do? Well, it is said, "And I will cause you to pass under the rod." What is this passing under the rod?I have frequently seen sheep, when the shepherd has required to count them-he makes them pass through a half-opened gate andthere he numbers them. They would all come rushing through, but the shepherd blocks the way and, as they come out, one byone, he touches them with his staff and so counts them. The Lord makes His chosen to pass through a narrow place, even a straitgate, where only one can come at a time-and then and there He counts them and causes them to give an account of themselvesindividually. You have been hidden away among the thousands, but now you shall be made to appear as a separate individualand so you shall come under the rod of the Lord and be numbered with His flock. Perhaps you are frightened, as the sheep arewhen the shepherd counts them, for they think they are all going to be killed-but there is far more room for comfort thanfor dismay-for that which God counts, He values, and if He visits you with special chastisement it is because He has specialdesigns of Grace towards you which you shall understand, by-and-by!

Then mark this-as the shepherd, by counting his own sheep, declares and exercises his right of possession, so the Lord, whenHe wakes up our minds to feel our personality, causes us to recognize that we are not our own, but are bought with a price.What a blessed knowledge that is when we discover that we are not our own, for in it lies the brightest hope for us! If Ihad been my own, I would have been lost! It is because I am the Lord's that I shall not be lost, for He will not lose theFather's gift, or His own purchase. They are kept by the power of God, through faith, unto salvation, even as Jesus says,"I give unto My sheep eternal life and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of My hand." This isto come under the rod-to be counted one by one-and to be accounted to belong to God alone.

Moreover, we come under the rod of rulership, for a rod, in the old time, was the usual scepter of kings. What a blessed thingit is when a man comes under the rulership of Christ-when he cries-

"I yield-by Sovereign Grace subdued; Who can resist its charms? And throw myself, by wrath pursued Into my Sa vior's arms!"

"I will bring you under the rod." That is, "I will make you to yield willing obedience to My Law and Word." It means, also,the rod of chastisement. "Happy is the man whom God corrects." Let the afflicted rejoice in his adversities instead of beingcast down by them, for, "whom the Lord loves He chastens, and scourges every son whom He receives."-

"The path of sorrow, and that path alone,

Leads to the land where sorrow is unknown."

"I will bring you under the rod."

Now, have I been describing the experience of any person here? I feel sure I have! Thousands who will read these words willleap for joy as they exclaim, "This is precisely where I am! I said, 'Surely He is going to destroy me,' but if this is theway in which the Lord brings me under the bond of the Covenant, I will forever bless His name!" May the Holy Spirit applythese, my words, to all the prisoners of hope!

III. But time fails me, so I must close by noticing THE ULTIMATE DESIGN OF ALL THIS. This bringing them under the bond ofthe Covenant has a grand intent in it.

The first design is evident in the text-it is to bind them to God. We would have gone astray long ago and entirely left ourGod, if it had not been for our bitter experience when the Lord was making Himself known to us. In later life, all the bettercrops come in from having a deep plowing before the seed is sown. I bear the scars of my terrible convictions about me tothis day-and they prevent my trifling with sin. When I came to Christ, my soul was stripped to the skin- not a rag of my ownrighteousness or of my own strength remained upon me. I was worse than a beggar! I was utterly destitute and did not evenknow how to beg.

It seems to me that some of my Brothers and Sisters came to Christ with a good coat on and have never ceased to wear it undertheir Grace-given robes. Too many are unable to say, "Grace," without stuttering. But when a man's mouth has been washed outwith the wormwood of self-humiliation, it is a fine thing for his pronunciation-he can say, "Grace," I will guarantee you-andgive it a full emphatic sound! If anybody had said to me, "You are a saved soul and the Lord has put away your sin, but yoursalvation is the result of a good, natural disposition," I am afraid I would have proved the reverse by calling him a liarto his face! It would have angered me to hear such a falsehood! Grace, alone, has made me to differ and saved me through faithin Christ Jesus. I cannot go any further, my Brothers and Sisters. My highly-intelligent, cultured Brethren may go where theylike, but I must abide with the Doctrines of Grace! The march of proud human intellect will end with the devil, but I am bound,in all sincerity, to continue where I began, namely, with Free Grace.

Where else can I go? Nowhere else is there for me a beam of light, or a ray of comfort. Rock of Ages, I am secure on You!But once off that foundation, I sink in quicksand. Much of our smarting experience in coming home to God is meant to bringus under the bond of the Covenant so that we shall never leave it again. We have had such a drilling and dressing that thevery thought of any other salvation but that which is of Grace is detestable to us.

The next design of God is that He may entirely separate His people from the world. "I will purge out from among you the rebels,and them that transgress against Me." When God makes His servants to bitterly know the evil fruit of sin, then they no longerhunger for that forbidden fruit. "Oh, you are straight-laced," says one. Indeed, we are, where sin is concerned! A boy climbedinto a neighbor's garden and stole unripe plums and, after eating them, he became very ill and was forced to drink pints ofhorrible medicine to save his life. When he was better, his school fellows said to him, "Come with us and steal some plums,"but they seemed to be mocking him. The boy is very straight-laced, is he not? He remembers the gripes and the pains whichthose plums brought him and he will have no more of them! The burnt child dreads the fire. Thus the Lord often brings Hispeople away from their sins by giving them sharp and cutting experiences of what evil will do for them. If such is the presentconsequences of sin, they begin to guess what sin will bring them when they come into judgment and condemnation on accountof it.

Furthermore, the Lord chastens His people, thus, that He may bring them into their own land of promise into the rest of Hislove. Whereas this text tells us of the rebels-that they shall not enter into the land of Israel-it is implied that thosewho obey the Divine command shall enter into the land of promise and peace. Blessed be God for the land of promise into whichwe enter by faith! What a subject! I wish I had a week in which to preach upon it! When you quit the desert of Sinai, or theCovenant of Works, you enter into the land of promise, or the Covenant of Grace-and then you plead the precious promises ofGod and realize the riches of His Grace to the delight of your soul! Then is it true, "so shall you dwell in the land andverily you shall be fed." But no man ever gets to live upon the promise of God until, first of all, he is weaned from allself-reliance and all self-glorying. When God has stamped self with the seal of death and we have seen destruction writtenupon all carnal confidence, then we are glad to accept as a gift that which we can never win as a reward!

The table of Covenant-Grace is loaded when, in all the land of human merit, there remains not a morsel of bread! None so joyfullyenter into the land of Grace as those who are weary of the wilderness and can find no rest in their own doings. As the wayto Canaan was across a desert, so the way to the Covenant is often by a bitter experience. And as the land that flows withmilk and honey was all the lovelier because of the howling wilderness, so is Grace all the more precious because of the utterfailure of self!

Last of all, the great end of all is that we may know the Lord. I speak thoughtfully when I say I fear that large numbersof professors do not know the Lord. That is to say, the Lord Jehovah-as known to Ezekiel, is not known by many who professto believe in the true God. Jehovah, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob-is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. ButHe is not the god of the 19th Century. This generation has made a god of its own. The effeminate deity of the modern schoolis no more the true God than Dagon or Baal. I know him not, neither do I reverence him! Jehovah is the true God-He is theGod of Love-but He is also robed in Justice. He is the God of forgiveness, but He is also the God of Atonement. He is theGod of Heaven, but He is also the God who sends the wicked down to Hell. We, of course, are thought to be harsh, narrow-mindedand bigoted-nevertheless, this God is our God forever and ever. There has been no change in Jehovah! He has revealed Himselfmore clearly in Christ Jesus, but He is the same God as in the Old Testament-and as such we worship Him.

When a man has smarted because of his sin and has been made to feel the burning coals of anguish in his own spirit. When theLord has set him up as a target and shot at him with arrows which drink up his life. And, when afterwards he has been savedand the splendor of infinite love has shone upon him, then he knows Jehovah! When God has brought the contrite man into theplace of security, comfort, joy and delight in Christ Jesus, then he knows the Lord! The full-orbed Deity is beheld by thebroken and contrite in the day of his deliverance-neither does he know which to adore and admire most-the power, the wisdom,the justice, or the Grace of God! We love everything that is in God when we are brought under the bond of the Covenant. MayGod bless this word to many sorrowing spirits, for Jesus' sake! Amen.

PORTION OF SCRIPTURE READ BEFORE SERMON-Jeremiah 31:31-37; Ezekiel36:25-32;20:32-44.

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