Sermon 1791. Helps to Full Assurance
A SERMON DELIVERED ON LORD'S-DAY MORNING, JULY 20, 1884,
BY C. H. SPURGEON,
AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.
"These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that you may know that you have eternallife, and that you may believe on the name of the Son of God." 1 John 5:13.
How very simple this all is! John had an eagle's wings with which to soar aloft and an eagle's eyes with which to penetrateinto great mysteries-and yet of all the writers of the Old or New Testament he is one of the simplest. He never endeavorsto show you the greatness of his mind or the grandeur of his rhetoric. On the contrary, he speaks as a child to those whoare children in the school of love. I would that all of us who try to teach others would remember this and sink ourselvesin our lesson.
It is equally notable how practical John is. When he writes, he always has a worthy intention in every line. "These are written,"he says, and he explains the design with which he penned the record. These Epistles are not written to dazzle you, nor tolead you into speculation, nor to gratify your curiosity-but these are written "that you may know that you have eternal life."The practical objective may seem, to the high-soaring votaries of modern thought, to be commonplace, but John had a deep venerationfor matters which moderns despise. The commonplaces of theology are the greenest of the pastures wherein the sheep of Godfeed and lie down. It is infinitely more to our benefit to know that we have eternal life than to be able to predict the futureof empires or to forecast the destiny of kings! It is of more practical importance for us to know that we have eternal lifethan to be able to explain all mysteries, or to speak with tongues.
John acts according to his loving heart when he writes to lead his Brethren into the assured knowledge of their personal possessionof eternal life. When he tells us his design, it is that he may help to accomplish his purpose-for by informing men of understandingwhy he is writing, he stirs them up to see his purpose and to fall in with it. "These things have I written unto you thatbelieve on the name of the Son of God that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may believe on the name ofthe Son of God."
Dear Friends, if this is the design of the inspired Apostle, let us not be slow to cooperate with him, but let us pray, thismorning, for the full assurance of faith, that we may know for sure that eternal life is pulsing in our hearts! May you whohave not believed in Jesus feel a fervent desire within your spirits to take that preliminary step and become believers inthe Son of God! Come, then, to the text, and consider with us, first, to whom it was written-"These things have I writtenunto you that believe on the name of the Son of God." Secondly, to what end it is written-"That you may know that you haveeternal life." This will lead us, thirdly, to consider how that which was written in this Epistle conduces to this blessedconfidence. And then, lastly, I shall have to call your attention to an added matter which is never forgotten by John, evenwhen he writes with the design of promoting the highest form of Christian attainment-"That you may believe on the name ofthe Son of God."
They already believed on the sacred name, yet it remained a part of John's design to confirm them in that faith and conductthem to higher degrees of it. May the Holy Spirit make our meditation profitable!
I. First, then, briefly, TO WHOM WAS THIS WRITTEN? It is important to observe the direction of a letter, for I may be readinga communication meant for somebody else. And if it should contain good tidings, I may be deceiving myself by appropriatingthe news. This Epistle, and this particular text in it, were written for all those who believe on the name of the Son of God.In part of the Epistle, John says, "I write unto you, little children." Then he says, "I write unto you, young men." Furtheron he says, "I have written unto you, fathers." But now he writes to babes, to young men and
to fathers under the one comprehensive description of those who have believed on the name of the Son of God! Our discourseis, therefore, for all of you who are believers in Christ.
Little child, you who have just begun the spiritual life, we would have you attain to the confidence that you have eternallife! Young man, sternly battling with sin, we would have you strengthened for your conflict by knowing that you have eternallife! And you fathers, let us hope you have not come so far without this knowledge, but whether you have or not, these thingsare written that you, in your mature years, may rise to the full conviction that the life of God is strong within you! Noperson, young or old, is excluded from this text, unless he is an unbeliever. To unbelievers this text is not written-it isfor all who trust in Jesus-and it is for no one else.
If you enquire why it is not addressed to unbelievers, I answer, simply because it would be preposterous to wish men to beassured of that which is not true! John never wished that a man who had not believed in Jesus Christ should even think thathe had eternal life, for it would be a fatal error. "He that believes not shall not see life." How, then, could he have anassurance of possessing it? Faith is a necessary preliminary to assurance-you must have the blade of faith before you canhave the ripe corn of assurance. Dear Friends, do not dream of being sure that you are saved apart from making sure that youhave trusted yourselves with the crucified Savior! The Atonement presented by Jesus Christ, the Son of God, gives assuranceof salvation to all who trust in it, but to no one else. It would be taking things out of their due order. It would be doingyou real and, perhaps, fatal mischief if we should lead you to presume that you have eternal life before you have unreservedlybelieved in the Lord Jesus Christ! "He that believes on the Son has everlasting life; and he that believes not the Son shallnot see life; but the wrath of God abides on him."
I speak, therefore, to all of you who have come to Christ, however imperfect and undeveloped your spiritual life may as yetbe. I invite no one else to the banquet of joyous confidence! As with a drawn sword of fire, John's words guard the way likethe cherub at the gate of Paradise. His words, "these things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son ofGod," keep back every man who has not believed in Jesus from even dreaming that he has eternal life. What have you to do withthe rest, the peace and the blessedness of full assurance unless you have received the appointed Savior into your heart'strust?
We may gather from this address being made to all the people of God and to none beside, that there are some Believers in theworld, and true Believers, too, who do not know that they have eternal life. A very large number of true Believers do notknow this cheering fact. For instance, certain Christians believe that even if they are now saved they may yet be lost-thateven if they have the life of God in them, that life may die out! Beloved, I pray for you that you may know that you haveeternal life-not a temporary life! The life which the Holy Spirit imparts to the Believer is not a thing of days, weeks, months,or years-its dwelling place is in the region of eternity. It is, practically, a Divine life which God puts into us, wherebywe are made "partakers of the Divine Nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust." We were begottenagain unto a lively or living hope in the day of our regeneration!
The new birth from above by the Spirit of God is a birth to an endless life. "Being born again, not of corruptible seed, butof incorruptible, by the Word of God, which lives and abides forever." Our Lord at the well of Samaria gives us another figure-"Whoeverdrinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well ofwater springing up into everlasting life." Many imagine that this spring can fail. How much comfort God's dear children loseby not apprehending the absolute immortality of the new life I will not venture to say. But this much I will declare-thatto me it is the very crown and glory of the Gospel that if I receive Jesus into my soul and the Holy Spirit imparts to methe new life, I have received an everlasting blessing! Has not Jesus said "I give unto My sheep eternal life and they shallnever perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of My hand"?
Again, a large number of Christ's people who may be perfectly sound in the doctrinal view of the nature of this life do notknow that they possess it at this present moment if they are Believers. I find even the commentators, when they try to writeupon this text, and most of the preachers who have left us printed sermons upon it, read the text as if it said, "that youmay know that you shall have eternal life." They speak about the full assurance that we shall one day enter into Glory. Ibeg their pardon-the text does not say anything of the kind! It is, "that you may know that you have eternal life," even here,at this present hour! The spiritual life which is in the Believer at this moment is the same life which shall be in him inHeaven! The Grace-life is the Glory-life in the bud-the same life, only less developed.
We shall not, in the article of death, receive another life than that which we have while we are sojourning here below. Deathsets a seal on that which is, but it produces nothing. There is to be a very palpable change worked upon the
body, but as to the spirit, the life of God which is in it now is the life which will dwell in it throughout eternity. Ourbelieving life is eternal life. We want children of God who believe in Jesus to feel that the holy flame which kindles theirlamp, today, is the same fire which will shine forth before the Throne of God forever-they have already begun to exercisethose holy emotions of delight and joy which will be their Heaven! They already possess, in measure, those perceptions andfaculties which will be theirs in Glory. Let us remember this and know that, as Believers, we have eternal life.
Yet again, there are some Christians who believe all this and are perfectly right in theory, but yet they each one cry, "Ineed to know that I have eternal life. I need a fuller assurance of salvation than I have already obtained." That is alsoour desire for you, for if you know you have believed in Jesus, you certainly are quickened with eternal life and ought toknow it! But it is only to you that have believed that the text speaks. If you have not believed in the glorious name of theWell-Beloved, then come at once and put your trust in Him! This is the Gospel to every unbeliever-"Believe in the Lord JesusChrist and you shall be saved." For, "He that believes and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believes not shall be damned."An unbeliever may have an assurance that he will be lost, but he cannot have an assurance that he is saved, or ever will be!
First, believe on the name of the Son of God, who is manifested to take away sin. Trust in His glorious Person, in His finishedwork, in His accepted Sacrifice, in His prevailing intercession and in His glorious advent which is yet to be. Look unto Himand be you saved! Rest alone upon the one foundation which God has laid in Zion and then to you will the word of this consolationbe sent, but not till then!
II. So, secondly, I have now to mention TO WHAT END JOHN HAS WRITTEN.
When he says, "that you may know that you have eternal life," I think His first meaning is that you may know that everybodywho believes in Jesus Christ has eternal life. This is not a fact about you and a few others, only, but it is a general Truthof God-every man that believes on the name of the Son of God has eternal life! We may not doubt this. It is not a matter ofinference and deduction, but a matter of Revelation from God. You are not to form an opinion upon it, but to believe it, forthe Lord has said it. Listen to these words in 1 John 5:1-"Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God." Thus says the Spirit of God and so it must be!
We do not need any further evidence. If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater. The Spirit of God bearswitness to this and as the Spirit is Truth, His witness is certainly true! Accept His witness and ask for no other. It iswritten (1 John 5:12), "He that has the Son has life; and He that has not the Son of God has not life." This is the unvarying testimony of thewhole of Scripture-and especially of the writings of the Apostle John. How many times over he insists upon it that the Believerhas eternal life! I beseech you, never question the statement! Settle it in your mind, for if you have any doubt about it,you have undermined the Gospel and rejected the witness of the Lord-and denied the Holy Spirit! You will not behave thus wickedly;therefore glorify God by believing His testimony.
I think that John, in this passage meant, and we will consider him as meaning it, something more-namely, He would have usknow that we personally have eternal life by having us know that we do personally believe in Jesus. It is one thing to knowthat every Believer has eternal life, but it is quite another thing to know that I am a Believer so as to have eternal lifemyself. I have read of one who fell into the water and, as he was sinking, he saw a rainbow in the sky above him. "Ah," hethought, "God has made a covenant not to destroy the earth with a flood, and yet it is no comfort to me, for I fear I shallbe drowned." The largest provisions of Grace avail us nothing unless we have a personal interest in them! It is true thatevery Believer has eternal life, but what if I am not a Believer?
It is a very amazing thing that people should not know whether they believe in Jesus or not-for it is an ascertain-able pieceof knowledge. I know whether I think. I know whether I resolve. I know whether I doubt. I ought, therefore, to know whetherI believe! But you see, human nature received a terrible twist at the Fall, and it has fallen into a very foggy region sothat the eyes of the understanding are all squinted and the air around is very dank. Perhaps you ask me to speak for myselfand I assure you that I do-but at the same time I do not hesitate to say the same of you! You, my clever friend, who are sowonderfully clear-headed, I should not wonder but what you are the foggiest and blindest of the whole company! The worst darknessis that which so blinds a man that he thinks he can see better than other people. We are all, by nature, in such a mixed-upstate that we need not wonder at any strange statement or feeling!
When you hear Brethren assert that a person who is not assured that he believes must necessarily be an unbeliever, you maysay to yourself, "That friend does not know everything." There is no estimating the possible inconsistency and contradictionof the human mind. I have been in a state of mind in which I have questioned the possibility of there being
a grain of Grace in me and yet, I have clung to Jesus with a death grip! At such times my mind has worked morbidly and itsway has been turned upside down. Bunyan speaks of being, "much tumbled up and down in his thoughts," and that nearly hitsmy mental condition. It is very possible for a man to be a very strong Believer and yet to question whether he has a sparkof faith! I have heard ministers ridicule this state of inward questioning and, indeed, it is ridiculous to all but thosewho are in it!
If you once become a sufferer under this wretched complaint, the absurdity of your disease will not lessen its painful-ness.Our mental distresses need not be logical-they can be full of anguish and yet be most unreasonable. You probably know somepeople who are excessively nervous-they are afraid the skies will fall or the earth will crack. This is very stupid, but theagony caused, thereby, is very real! There is little of the Christian spirit in the man who can increase mental torment byturning it into jest. This is not to pour oil into the wound, but to rub salt into it. No doubt, the doubts which many haveof their personal safety are very unreasonable, but a servant of God is not, therefore, to scorn the subject of them, forthe Lord Jesus Christ had compassion on the ignorant. He did not break the bruised reed, nor quench the smoking flax-nor mustwe!
I am personally taught to be tender of poor doubters, for I have often been one myself. I would sometimes give all that Ihave to be able to feel myself to be even the least in the Lord's family. Just now I enjoy a full assurance, but I am notalways on the mountain and, therefore, I have a heart for others because I am, myself, compassed with infirmity. We may notjudge harshly, as if things were as we would theoretically arrange them, but we must deal with things as they are- and itcannot be questioned that some of the best Believers are, at times, sorely put to it to know whether they are Believers atall! The prayer of John is that such people, yes, and all Believers, may know for sure-beyond all doubt-that they have eternallife.
So far is human nature out of joint that it is necessary for me to say what it seems superfluous to say-that full assuranceof our possessing eternal life is possible. The Church of Rome teaches that no man can be assured that he has eternal life,except some few to whom supernatural revelations may be given. That sort of doctrine lingers in the air of Protestantism-manypeople think the same though they do not say so. Impossible to know that you are quickened? It ought to be impossible to haveany doubt about it! Rationally, a living man should know that he is alive. No man should give sleep to his eyes or slumberto his eyelids while he has a doubt about his eternal state. It is possible and, if it is possible, it is very desirable-forwhen a man knows that he has eternal life, what a comfort it is to him!
What gratitude it produces in his spirit! How it helps him to live above the world! With what holy ardor does he pursue theservice of God, knowing that he has an eternal reward! He has not to waste time in calculating evidences and perpetually examininghimself, for he has examined himself and he has cast himself upon Christ-and he knows that he has eternal life. With whatrapidity does he make progress, for he leaves the first principles and goes on towards perfection! No longer questioning,he shows holy daring and goes from strength to strength in rapturous fellowship and ecstatic enjoyment! He advances from gloryto glory, his faith proving to him, even while he is here below, the joys which are laid up for the redeemed! I say again,if full assurance is possible, it is eminently desirable.
And I go a little further-it is our duty to obtain full assurance. We would not have been commanded to give diligence to makeour calling and election sure if it were not right for us to be sure! I am sure it is right for a child of God to know thatGod is his Father and never to have a question in his heart as to his sonship. I know it is right for a soul that is marriedto Christ to know the sweet love of the Bridegroom and never to tolerate a cloud of suspicion to come between the soul andthe full enjoyment of Christ's love. Therefore, I would urge you onward to know that you have eternal life.
My Brothers and Sisters, John, being dead, yet speaks out of this Book-he calls upon you to know that the Son of God is comeand has given us an understanding that we may know Him, who is true-and that we are in Him who is true, even in His Son, JesusChrist. He bids us, as Believers, firmly repose our souls upon the promise of our faithful God. I sorrowfully remind certainof you that, as you have not believed, you have neither part nor lot in this matter-and the Beloved disciple does not speakto you.
III. Thirdly, I come to where I would lay the stress of the discourse this morning-WHAT HAS JOHN SAID IN THIS EPISTLE WHICHLEADS US TO BE SURE OF OUR FULL ASSURANCE? How does he help us to know that we are Believers and, consequently, to know thatwe have eternal life? I cannot attempt a full summary of this most blessed Epistle, but I shall select a few items from verymany. An exposition of this Epistle, written to show how it enables men to know that they have eternal life, would be a veryvaluable thing, and I feel confident that without the slight-
est forcing of a single sentence it could be shown that the whole letter bears upon assurance. The wish of the Apostle thatall Believers might know that they have eternal life is the silken thread upon which his pearls are strung.
Now Believers ought to know that they have eternal life and they ought never to doubt it, for God's own Word assures themthat it is so. Remember that Word of the Lord Jesus in John 6:47-"Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believes on Me has everlasting life"? Will you doubt the Lord's, "Verily, verily"?Christ's Word unsupported by any external evidence is quite enough to satisfy every gracious mind. "Let God be true, but everyman a liar"-yes, let every circumstance be a liar! Everything that we have looked upon as evidence should be regarded as alie if it denies the declaration of the Lord! Out of this simple faith in God, assurance comes naturally by the operationof the Spirit of God upon the heart. Take pure and unadulterated milk and let it stand, and you will soon get cream. Faithis the milk and full assurance is the cream upon it-and when faith has stood long enough, you may see the rich cream of holyconfidence upon the top of it! The witness of God is true and, therefore, to be believed, yes, to be believed with full assurance!
According to all right principles, assurance should increase by the lapse of time during which faith occupies itself uponthe same promise. I have trusted my soul to Christ, therefore I have eternal life. How do I know? I know because the Spiritof God has so declared it in the Word of God! Thus has He spoken-"He that believes on the Son has everlasting life." I believein the Son and, therefore, I have eternal life! Do friends assure me that they see the life in me? I am very much obligedto them, but I do not need their evidence. "He that believes has the witness in himself." When the Holy Spirit has made astatement, it is something like impertinence either to ask or to offer any further evidence upon the point. Therefore, thatmatter is not my subject. I take it we must not offer you any other argument to prove the eternal life of Believers beyondthis-God has said it.
The matter which may be argued about is this-"Do I believe in Jesus? Am I a Believer in such a sense that I have eternal life?"Let us look at the Epistle for help in this enquiry. You will find, first, that John mentions as an evidence, truthful dealingwith God in faith and confession of sin. Naturally men walk in darkness or falsehood towards God, but when we have believedin Jesus, we come to walk in the light of the Truth of God. Read in the first chapter of the Epistle from verse 6 to nine."If we say that we have fellowship with Him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: but if we walk in the light,as He is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, He is faithful andjust to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness."
The Believer does not attempt to deal with God as if he had no sin, for that were to make Christ useless, seeing there wouldbe no need of His blood to cleanse. He does not say that he now lives without sin, for that were to make his cleansing a thingof the past, whereas the Spirit teaches that it is a present matter, concerning our present walk with God. To claim to livewithout sin is to walk in the dark, for the claim is a false one. The man who walks in the light comes before God as a sinner,whom the blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanses from all sin. So, then, you may take this as an evidence that you are asaved man, if you deal truthfully with God-if you confess your guilt before God, if your only hope of being cleansed fromit lies in the blood of Jesus Christ-then you have come to act towards God on the line of truth and He accepts you.
You that are not a believer in Christ may try to forget that you have any sin, or, by forms and ceremonies, offer some kindof palliation of your sin, but when you are brought into the honest light you will make a clean breast of it and cease toact a borrowed part. Your cry will be, "Search me, O God, and try me," and your appeal will be to the boundless mercy of Godin Christ Jesus! You can be sure that you are a child of God when sin is confessed and faith is looking to Jesus for the removalof it. "Father, I have sinned," is the cry of a true-born child. "God be merciful to me, a sinner," is the prayer of the manwho goes down to his house justified. We can repeat with rapture the words of Paul to the Romans, "Being justified freelyby His Grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: whom God has set forth to be a propitiation through faith inHis blood, to declare His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God."
Next, John gives us obedience as a test of the child of God. Look to the second chapter and begin to read at the third verse-"Andhereby we know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments. He that says, I know Him, and keeps not His commandments, isa liar and the truth is not in him. But whoever keeps His word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know wethat we are in Him. He that says he abides in Him ought himself also so to walk, even as He walked." Come, then, Beloved Brothersand Sisters, do you obey the will of the Lord from your heart? Is holiness the aim
and objective of your life? Do you strive to do as Jesus bids you? Do you set your clock by the heavenly sun? Do you try toorder your ways and your steps according to the Law of the Lord? Do you delight yourself, also, in the Law of God after theinner man? Do you press forward after perfect holiness? Then His servant you are whom you obey! Rest assured beyond all questionthat you are one of Christ's sheep, for He says, "My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me." "He that doesrighteousness is righteous." If Grace has made you obedient, it has given you eternal life!
Follow me as I call attention, next, to the evidence of love in the heart. In the second chapter read at the 9th verse- "Hethat says he is in the light and hates his brother, is in darkness even until now. He that loves his brother abides in thelight, and there is no occasion of stumbling in him." Then go on to the 14th verse of the third chapter. "We know that wehave passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loves not his brother abides in death." This willgreatly help you to decide your case. Do you hate anybody? Are you seeking revenge? Are you unforgiving? Then you are notdwelling in the Light of God-you are of Cain and not of Christ! Do you feel that you love your enemies and that, in fact,you are no man's enemy because love is the principle of your life? "Love is of God; and everyone that loves is born of God,and knows God."
We must feel a general benevolence towards all men and a still more intense love and complacency towards all who are in Christ.This love must be practical and lead us to help and succor our Brethren. Have you this love? Do you feel a delight in thecompany of the Brethren because they belong to Christ, however poor or illiterate they may be? You would not feel love reigningin your spirit if true faith had not come to dwell there! A loving spirit evidenced by a loving life is a true sign that youbelong to God, whose name is Love. Be of good courage and enter into full assurance, O you whose bosoms glow with the sacredflame of fervent love to God and men!
Next to that comes separation from the world. Read in the second chapter at the 15th verse-"Love not the world, neither thethings that are in the world. If any man loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him." This is backed up by thefirst verse of the third chapter-"Therefore the world knows us not, because it knew Him not." Have you met with oppositionfrom the ungodly? Have you discovered that Ishmael still mocks Isaac? Do you find, when you go out to work, that your shopmates who used to drink with you are inclined to avoid you? Are you pointed at as a hypocrite because you are a Christian?Then there is a difference between you and others and the world can see it! The serpent's seed will hiss at the seed of thewoman-God has put an enmity between the two. Do not, therefore, be surprised at it. Did not our Lord say, "If the world hatesyou, you know that it hated Me before it hated you. If you were of the world, the world would love his own: but because youare not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hates you"? Thus slander, abuse, and otherforms of persecution may turn to your comfort by showing that you are of that sect which is everywhere spoken against!
Next to that, in the second chapter, we have the evidence of continuance in the faith. "And the world passes away, and thelust thereof: but he that does the will of God abides forever. Little children, it is the last time and as you have heardthat antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it the last time. They went out fromus, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, thatthey might be made manifest that they were not all of us." The longer a Christian man is enabled to persevere in holiness,the more confident may he become that his religion is the work of the Spirit of God in his soul. "He that endures to the endshall be saved." Perseverance in holiness is a sure mark of election. It is the righteous who hold on their way. Mere pretendersare as wandering stars and fading flowers. That which comes and goes is not of God-the Holy Spirit abides permanently in trueBelievers.
The next evidence you will find in the third chapter, the third verse, namely, purification. "Every man that has this hopein Him purifies himself, even as He is pure." Do you every day endeavor to keep clear of sin and, when you have sinned, doyou at night go with bitter repentance to God and beg to be delivered from it? Are you fighting against your besetting sins?Do you contend against the customs of the world? Have you come to be a warrior against evil? Let that be an evidence thatthere is in you a new spirit which was not there by nature! And let that prove to you that you are quickened into newnessof life-conflict and victory are evidences of Grace. "By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God andkeep His commandments. For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments: and His commandments are not grievous.For whatever is born of God overcomes the world: and this is the victory that overcomes the world, even our faith."
Again, in the 21st verse of the third chapter, we meet with another blessed evidence, and that is a clear conscience- "Ifour heart condemns us not, then have we confidence toward God." They say of us that we seek ourselves, or that we are hypocrites.But if we can lay our hand upon our heart and say, "Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You," we have the bestgrounds for full assurance. A conscience purged from dead works to serve the living God is one of the seals of the Holy Spiritupon that epistle which He has written in our hearts! This Divine witness is a privilege which none possess but the regenerate!Prove yourself clear in the court of conscience that you may know that you have eternal life. Furthermore, we find an evidencein answers to prayer-"And whatever we ask, we receive of Him, because we keep His commandments, and do those things that arepleasing in His sight." Does God hear your prayers? Then you are pleasing in His sight! Are you in the habit of speaking withHim and does He reply to you? Then you are agreed with God! Does He grant you the desire of your heart? Is it not becauseyou delight in Him? He hears not those who willfully live in sin, but if any man does His will, him He hears. You may lookupon every answered prayer as another token of the love of God toward you in Christ Jesus your Lord.
Adherence to the Truth of God is another help to full assurance. Read the whole fourth chapter-"Beloved, believe not everyspirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world." In the sixthverse he says, "We are of God: he that knows God hears us; he that is not of God hears us not." I read in a certain learneddivine, the other day, a declaration that the evangelical doctrine which we preach is not Christianity, but Paulinism. Bythat utterance this divine condemned himself! John says, "We are of God: he that knows God hears us; he that is not of Godhears us not. Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error." He who hears not the Apostles, hears not theirMaster! He who dares say that Paul has not given us the Gospel is not of Christ, for Jesus says, "He that receives you, receivesMe, and he that receives Me receives Him that sent Me."
The testimony of the Holy Spirit by Apostolic lips is as sure as the testimony by the Son of God Himself! And it is flat rebellionagainst the Holy Spirit to graduate His utterances, whether they be through Prophets, Apostles, or the Christ, Himself. Hewho makes this to be true and that to be false, or this true and that truer, still, has disparaged the Spirit of God who speaksas He pleases, but is always Infallible! He that questions what the Spirit says has not the Spirit of Christ dwelling in him.If you have taken Scripture to be your guide and hold fast by the Truth of God, you are one of Christ's sheep, of whom Hesays, "A stranger will they not follow, for they know not the voice of strangers." Against the detestable spirit of this ageand against everything else that would corrupt the Gospel of Christ, it is the mark of the true seed to stand opposed! Ifyou bear witness to the Truth of God, the Truth bears witness to you! Blessed are those who are not removed from the hopeof their calling.
One of the best evidences of true faith, and one of the best helps to full assurance, is a holy familiarity with God. Readin the fourth chapter, the 16th verse-"And we have known and believed the love that God has to us. God is Love and he thatdwells in love dwells in God, and God in him. Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment:because as He is, so are we in this world. There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear: because fear has torment.He that fears is not made perfect in love. We love Him, because He first loved us." Oh, Beloved Brothers and Sisters, if youhave come to speak with God as a man speaks with a man. If you dwell in Him. If every day you say more to God than you doto men and if you find more joy in fellowship with God than you do in all the world beside, then you are one of His!
God never made a man to know Him and love Him, and then cast him away! Eternal life is surely in you if you have entered intothe secret place of the tabernacles of the Most High and abide under the shadow of the Almighty. When you have no longer thatslavish fear which makes you stand back, but that child-like confidence which draws you nearer and yet nearer unto God, thenare you His child! The spirit of adoption is one point of sure witness from the Spirit of God. He who can call God his exceedingjoy is among the living in Zion.
IV. I would now finish, only I dare not leave out the last point-THE APPENDIX TO JOHN'S DESIGN. The Apostle puts it, "Thatyou may believe on the name of the Son of God." I think he means this-you are never to get into such a state that you say,"I have eternal life and, therefore, I need not trust simply in the blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ. Years ago I wasborn again, and so I can now live without the daily exercise of faith." "No," says the Apostle, "I am writing this to Believers,and I tell them that while they may have full assurance, it cannot be a substitute for habitual faith in the Lord Jesus."
Personally, I wish to say-it is some 34 years since I first believed in the Christ Jesus and I came to Him, then, as havingnothing in myself, and I took Him to be my All-in-All. At this moment I possess a comfortable and clear assurance that I haveeternal life, but my ground of confidence, today, is exactly what it was when first I came to Christ. I have no confidencein my confidence, I place no reliance upon my own assurance. My assurance lies in the fact that "Christ Jesus came into theworld to save sinners" and, that, "Whoever believes in Him has everlasting life." I believe in Him and, therefore, I knowI have eternal life.
Brothers and Sisters, do not stir beyond that-keep to your first faith. However far you go in other directions, stand fastin your undivided faith in Jesus. If you think it wise to examine these signs and evidences which I have given you, do so.But if you think to get food out of them, you will find a bare cupboard. If you think you can live without Christ, on whatyou have known in the past, you are greatly mistaken! It is like trying to live on stale manna. None of you would have donethat in the wilderness-you would have soon turned up your noses at it. When it was more than a day old it, "bred worms andstank." Everything you look to, apart from Christ, will rot in due time, so that you will loathe it.
Beloved, every vessel, whether it is a great flagon or a little cup, must hang upon the one nail which is fastened in a sureplace. If you get away from Jesus, you wander into a land of darkness and of the shadow of death. Whether I am a child ofGod or not is a question I will not discuss today. I am a sinner and Jesus Christ came to save sinners-and they that trustin Him are saved. Therefore I trust Him! Therefore I am saved! The Word of God declares it. Blessed be His name forever andever! Amen.