Sermon 1782. The First Fruit of the Spirit

(No. 1782)

A SERMON DELIVERED ON LORD'S-DAY MORNING, MAY 25, 1884,

BY C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.

"But the fruit of the Spirit is love." Galatians 5:22.

THE worst enemy we have is the flesh. Augustine used to frequently pray, "Lord, deliver me from that evil man, myself." Allthe fire which the devil can bring from Hell could do us little harm if we had not so much fuel in our nature. It is the powderin the magazine of the old man which is our perpetual danger. When we are guarding against foes outside, we must not forgetto be continually on our watchtower against the foe of foes within. "The flesh lusts against the Spirit." On the other hand,our best Friend, who loves us better than we love ourselves, is the Holy Spirit. We are shockingly forgetful of the Holy Spiritand, therein, it is to be feared that we greatly grieve Him. Yet we are immeasurably indebted to Him-in fact, we owe our spiritualexistence to His Divine Power.

It would not be proper to compare the love of the Spirit with the Grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, so as even, by implication,to set up a scale of degrees in love-for the love of the regenerating Spirit is infinite, even as is the love of the redeemingSon. But yet, for a moment, we will set these two displays of love side by side. Is not the indwelling of the Spirit of Godequal in loving kindness to the Incarnation of the Son of God? Jesus dwelt in a pure Manhood of His own-the Holy Spirit dwellsin our manhood, which is fallen and, as yet, imperfectly sanctified. Jesus dwelt in His human body, having it perfectly underHis own control, but, alas, the Holy Spirit must contend for the mastery within us, and though He is Lord over our hearts,yet there is an evil power within our members, strongly entrenched and obstinately bent on mischief.

"The flesh lusts against the Spirit and the Spirit against the flesh." Our Lord Jesus dwelt in His body only for some 30 yearsor so, but the blessed Spirit of All Grace dwells in us through all the days of our pilgrimage-from the moment when He entersinto us by regeneration He continues in us, making us qualified to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light.You sing-

"Oh, 'tis love, 'tis wondrous Love," in reference to our Lord Jesus and His Cross-sing it, also, in reference to the HolySpirit and His long-suffering! He looks at us from within and, therefore, He sees the chambers of imagery where hidden idolsstill abide. He sees our actions-not from the outside, for there, perhaps, they might be judged favorably. But He discernsthem from within-in their springs and in the pollution of those springs-in their main currents and in all their side eddiesand back waters.

Brothers and Sisters, it is amazing that this blessed Spirit should not leave us in indignation! We lodge Him so evilly. Wehonor Him so little. He receives so little of our affectionate worship that He might well say, "I will no longer abide withyou." When the Lord had given up His people to the Roman sword, there was heard in the Temple at Jerusalem a sound as of rushingwings and a voice crying, "Let us go from here." Justly might the Divine Presence have left us, also, because of our sins!It is matchless love which has caused the Holy Spirit to bear with our ill manners and bear our vexatious behavior! He staysthough sin intrudes into His temple! He makes His royal abode where evil assails His palace! Alas, that a heart where theSpirit deigns to dwell should always be made a thoroughfare for selfish or unbelieving traffic!

God help us to adore the Holy Spirit at the commencement of our discourse and to do so even more reverently at its close!The Holy Spirit, when He comes into us, is the Author of all our desires after true holiness. He strives against the fleshin us. That holy conflict which we wage against our corruption comes entirely of Him. We would sit down in willing bondageto the flesh if He did not bid us strike for liberty. The good Spirit also leads us in the way of life. If we are led of

the Spirit, says the Apostle, we are not under the Law. He leads us by gentle means, drawing us with cords of love and bandsof a man. "He leads me." If we take a single step in the right road, it is because He leads us. And if we have persevered,these many years, in the way of peace, it is all due to His guidance-even to Him who will surely bring us in and make us toenjoy the promised rest!-

"Andevery virtue wepossess,

And every victory won,

And every thought of holiness,

Are His alone.'

The Holy Spirit not only creates the inward contest against sin and the agonizing desire for holiness, but He leads us onwardin the way of life. And He remains within us, taking up His residence and more-for the text suggests a still more immovablesteadfastness of residence in our hearts since, according to the figure, the Spirit strikes root within us. The text speaksof, "fruit," and fruit comes only of a rooted abidance-it could not be conceived of in connection with a transient sojourning,like that of a wayfaring man. The stakes and tent pins that are driven into the ground for an Arab's tent bear no fruit, forthey do not remain in one place. And, inasmuch as I read of the, "fruit of the Spirit," I take comfort from the hint and concludethat He intends to abide in our souls as a tree abides in the soil when fruit is borne by it!

Let us love and bless the Holy Spirit! Let the golden altar of incense perfume this earth with the sweet savor of perpetualadoration to the Holy Spirit! Let our hearts heartily sing to Him this solemn doxology-

"We give You, sacred Spirit, praise, Who in our hearts of sin and woe Makes living springs of Grace arise, And into boundlessglory flow."

I. Now, coming to our text, I shall notice the matters contained in it. The first thing which my mind perceives is A WINNOWINGFAN. I would like to be able to use it, but it is far better that it should remain where it is, for, "the fan is in His handand He will thoroughly purge His floor." The handle of this winnowing fan is made of the first word of the text, that disjunctiveconjunction, that dividing monosyllable, "But." "But the fruit of the Spirit is love"! That, "but," is placed there becausethe Apostle had been mentioning certain works of the flesh, all of which he winnows away like chaff. And then he sets forthin opposition to them, "the fruit of the Spirit."

If you will read the chapter, you will notice that the Apostle has used no less than 17 words-I might almost say 18-to describethe works of the flesh. Human language is always rich in bad words because the human heart is full of the manifold evils whichthese words denote. Nine words are used to express the fruit of the Spirit. But to express the works of the flesh-see howmany are gathered together! The first set of these works of the flesh which have to be winnowed away are the counterfeitsof love to man. Counterfeited love is one of the vilest things under Heaven. That heavenly word, love, has been trailed inthe mire of unclean passion and filthy desire. The licentiousness which comes of the worship of Venus has dared to take toitself a name which belongs only to the pure worship of Jehovah.

Now, the works which counterfeit love are these-"adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness." To talk of "love" whena man covets his neighbor's wife, or when a woman violates the command, "You shall not commit adultery," is little less thansheer blasphemy against the holiness of love! It is not love, but lust-love is an angel and lust a devil! The purities ofdomestic life are defiled and its honors are disgraced when once the marriage bond is disregarded. When men or women talkof religion and are unfaithful to their marriage covenant, they are base hypocrites! Even the heathen condemned this infamy-letnot Christians tolerate it!

The next fleshly work is "fornication," which was scarcely censured among the heathen, but is most sternly condemned by Christianity.It is a wretched sign of the times, that in these corrupt days some have arisen who treat this crime as a slight offense andeven attempt to provide for its safer indulgence by legislative enactments! Has it come to this? Has the civil ruler becomea panderer to the lusts of corrupt minds? Let it not be once named among you, as it becomes saints. "Uncleanness" is a thirdwork of the flesh and it includes those many forms of foul offense which defile the body and deprive it of its true honor.We bring up the rear with, "lasciviousness," which is the cord which draws on un-cleanness and includes all conversation whichexcites the passions, all songs which suggest lewdness, all gestures and thoughts which lead up to unlawful gratification.

We have sadly much of these evils in these days, not only openly in our streets, but in more secret ways. I loathe the subject!All works of art which are contrary to modesty are here condemned and the most pleasing poetry, if it creates impure imaginations.These unclean things are the works of the flesh in the stage of putridity-the very maggots which swarm within a corrupt soul.Bury these rotten things out of our sight! I do but uncover them for an instant that a holy disgust may be caused in everyChristian soul and that we may flee from them as from the breath of pestilence! Yet remember, O you that think yourselvespure and imagine you would never transgress so badly, that even into these loathsome and abominable criminalities high professorshave fallen!

Yes, and sincere Believers, trusting in themselves, have slipped into this ditch from where they have escaped with infinitesorrow-to go with broken bones the rest of their pilgrimage. Alas, how many who seemed to be escaped from pollution have sofallen that they have had to be saved so as by fire! Oh, may we keep our garments unspotted by the flesh! And this we cannotdo unless it is in the power and energy of the Spirit of Holiness. He must purge these evils from us and cause His fruit toso abound in us that the deeds of the flesh shall be excluded forever.

The winnowing fan is used next against the counterfeits of love to God. I refer to the falsities of superstition- "Idolatryand witchcraft"-"but the fruit of the Spirit is love." Alas, there are some that fall into idolatry, for they trust in anarm of flesh and exalt the creature into the place of the Creator-"their God is their belly and they glory in their shame."The golden calf of wealth, the silver shrines of craft, the goddess of philosophy, the Diana offashion, the Moloch of power-theseare all worshipped instead of the living God! Those who profess to reverence the true God, yet too generally worship Him inways which He has not ordained. Thus says the Lord, "You shall not make unto you any graven image, or any likeness of anythingthat is in Heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: you shall not bow downyourself to them, nor serve them."

Yet we have Christians (so called) who say they derive help in the exercise of devotion from images and pictures! Look howtheir places of assembly are rendered gaudy with pictures, images and things which savor of old Rome! What idolatry is openlycarried on in certain buildings belonging to the National Church! What sensuous worship is now approved! Men cannot worshipGod, nowadays, unless their eyes, ears and noses are gratified! When these senses of the flesh are pleased, they are satisfiedwith themselves! "But the fruit of the Spirit is love." Love is the most perfect architecture, for "love builds up." Loveis the sweetest music, for without it we become as a sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal. Love is the choicest incense, forit is a sacrifice of sweet smell. Love is the most fit vestment-"Above all things put on charity, which is the bond of perfectness."

Oh, that men would remember that the fruit of the Spirit is not the finery of the florist, the sculptor, or the milliner,but the love of the heart! It ill becomes us to make that gaudy which should be simple and spiritual. The fruit of the Spiritis not idolatry-the worship of another god-or of the true God after the manner of will worship! No, that fruit is obedientlove to the only living God. "Witchcraft," too, is a work of the flesh. Under this head we may rightly group all that pryinginto the unseen; that rending of the veil which God has hung up; that interfering with departed spirits; that necromancy whichcalls itself spiritualism and pays court to familiar spirits and demons-this is no fruit of the Spirit, but the fruit of abitter root! Brother and Sister Christians, modern witchcrafts and wizardry are to be abhorred and condemned-and you willbe wise to keep clear of them, trembling to be found acting in concert with those who love darkness rather than light-becausetheir deeds are evil!

Idolatry and witchcraft are caused by a lack of love to God and they are evidences that the Spirit's life is not in the soul!When you come to love God with all your heart, you will not worship God in ways of your own devising, but you will ask, "Howshall I draw near unto the most high God?" And you will take your direction from the Lord's Inspired Word. The service whichHe prescribes is the only service which He will accept! The winnowing fan is at work right now-I wonder whether it is operatingupon any here present?

But next, this great winnowing fan drives away, with its, "but," all the forms of hate. The Apostle mentions, "hatred," oran habitual enmity to men, usually combined with a selfish esteem of one's own person. Certain men cherish a dislike to everybodywho is not of their clique, while they detest those who oppose them. They are contemptuous to the weak, ready to take offenseand care little whether they give it or not. They delight to be in minorities of one and the more wrong-headed and pugnaciousthey can be, the more are they in their element. "Variance," too, with its perpetual

dislikes, bickering and quarrelling, is a work of the flesh. Those who indulge in it are contrary to all men, pushing theirangles into everybody's eyes, and looking out for occasions of fault-finding, and strife.

"Emulations"-that is, jealousy-jealousy in all its forms, is one of the works of the flesh. Is it not cruel as the grave?There is a jealousy which sickens if another is praised and pines away if another prospers. It is a venomous thing and stingslike an adder! It is a serpent by the way, biting the horse's heels, so that his rider falls backward. "Wrath" is anotherdeed of the flesh-I mean the fury of angry passion and all the madness which comes of it. "But I am a man of very quick temper,"says one! Are you a Christian? If so, you are bound to master this evil force or it will ruin you! If you were a saint ofGod to the very highest degree in all but in this one point, it would pull you down! Yes, at any moment an angry spirit mightmake you say and do that which would cause you life-long sorrow.

"Strife" is a somewhat milder, but equally mischievous form of the same evil. It burns not quite so fast and furiously, yetit is a slow fire kindled by the same flame of Hell as the more ardent passion. The continual love of contention; the morbidsensitiveness; the overbearing regard to one's own dignity which join together to produce strife are all evil things. Whatis the proper respect which is due to poor creatures like ourselves? I suppose that if any one of us got our "proper respect,"we would not like it long-we would think that bare justice was rather scant in its appreciation! We desire to be flatteredwhen we cry out for, "proper respect!" Respect, indeed! Why, if we had our just due, we would be in the lowest Hell!

Then our Apostle mentions, "seditions," which occur in the State, the Church and the family. As far as our Church life isconcerned, this evil shows itself in an opposition to all sorts of authority or law. Any kind of official action in the Churchis to be railed at because it is official! Rule of any sort is objected to because each man desires to have the preeminenceand will not be second! God save us from this evil leaven! Heresy is that kind of hate which makes every man set up to createhis own religion, write his own bible and think out his own gospel. We have heard of, "every man his own lawyer," and nowwe are coming to have, "Every man his own god, every man his own bible, every man his own instructor."

After this work of the flesh, come "Envyings"-not so much the desire to enrich one's self at another's expense, as a wolfishcraving to impoverish him and pull him down for the mere sake of it. This is a very acrid form of undiluted hate and leavesbut one stronger form of hate. To desire another's dishonor merely from envy of his superiority is simply devilish and isa sort of murder of the man's best life. The list is fitly closed by, "murders"-a suitable cornerstone to crown this diabolicaledifice-for what is hate but murder? And what is murder but hate bearing its full fruit? He who does not love has, withinhim, all the elements that make a murderer! If you have not a general feeling of benevolence towards all men and a desireto do them good, the old spirit of Cain is within you and it only needs to be unrestrained and it will strike the fatal blowand lay your brother dead at your feet! God save you, Brothers and Sisters, every one of you, from the domination of thesedark principles of hate which are the works of the flesh in its corruption. "But the fruit of the Spirit is love."

Next time you begin to boil over with wrath, imagine you feel a hand touching you and causing you to hear a gentle voice whispering,"But the fruit of the Spirit is love." Next time you say, "I will never speak to that man again, I cannot stand him," imagineyou feel a fresh wind fanning your fevered brow and hear the Angel of Mercy say, "But the fruit of the Spirit is love." Nexttime you are inclined to find fault with everybody, set your brethren by the ears and create a general scuffle, I pray youlet the chimes ring out, "But the fruit of the Spirit is love!" If you wish to find fault, it is easy to do so-you may beginwith me and go down to the last young member that was admitted into the Church-and you will not have to look long before youcan spy out something which needs improvement!

But to what end will you pick holes in our coats? Whenever you are bent on the growling business, pause awhile and hear theScripture admonish you-"The fruit of the Spirit is love." When you become indignant because you have been badly treated andyou think of returning evil for evil, remember this text-"The fruit of the Spirit is love." "Ah," you say, "it was shameful!"Of course it was! And therefore do not imitate it-do not render railing for railing-but contrariwise, blessing, for, "thefruit of the Spirit is love." The winnowing fan is at work-may God blow your chaff away, Brothers and Sisters, and mine, too!

The next thing which the winnowing fan blows away is the excess of self-indulgence-"drunkenness, reveling and such like."Alas, that Christian people should ever need to be warned against these animal offenses! And yet they do. The wine cup stillhas its morgues for professors! Nor is this all-it is not merely that you drink to excess, but you may eat to

excess, or clothe your body too sumptuously-or there may be some other spending of money upon your own gratification whichis not according to sober living. Drunkenness is one of those trespasses of which Paul says, "they which do such things shallnot inherit the Kingdom of God." The reveling which makes night hideous with its so-called songs - call them howling and youare nearer the mark-the reveling which spends hour after hour in entertainment which heats the blood, hardens the heart andchases away all solid thought, is not for us who have renounced the works of dark-ness-for us there is a better joy, namely,to be filled with the Spirit-"the fruit of the Spirit is love."

II. The second thing which I see in the text is A JEWEL-that jewel is love. "The fruit of the Spirit is love." What a pricelessdiamond this is! It is altogether incalculable in value. What a heavenly Grace love is! It has its center in the heart, butits circumference sweeps, like Omnipresence, around everything! Love is a Grace of boundless scope. We love God-it is theonly way in which we can fully embrace Him. We can love the whole of God, but we cannot know the whole of God! Yes, we loveGod, and even love that part of God which we cannot comprehend or even know. We love the Father as He is. We love His dearSon as He is. We love the ever-blessed Spirit as He is. Following upon this, for God's sake, we love the creatures He hasmade! It is true, in a measure, that-

"He prays best that loves best Both man and bird and beast."

Every tiny fly that God has made is sacred to our souls as God's creature. Our love climbs to Heaven, sits among the angelsand soon bows among them in lowliest attitude, but, in due time, our love stoops down to earth, visits the haunts of depravity,cheers the attics of poverty and sanctifies the dens of blasphemy, for it loves the lost! Love knows no outcast London-ithas cast out none! It talks not of the "lapsed masses," for none have lapsed from its regard. Love hopes good for all andplans good for all-while it can soar to Glory, it can descend to sorrow. Love is a Grace which has to do with eternity, forwe shall never cease to love Him who first loved us!

But love has also to do with this present world, for it is at home in feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, nursing thesick and liberating the slave. Love delights in visiting the fatherless and the widows and thus it earns the encomium-"I washungry and you gave Me meat: I was thirsty and you gave Me drink: I was a stranger and you took Me in: naked, and you clothedMe: I was sick and you visited Me: I was in prison and you came unto Me." Love is a very practical, home-spun virtue, andyet it is so rich and rare that God, alone, is its Author. None but a heavenly Power can produce this fine linen-the loveof the world is sorry stuff! Love has to do with friends. How fondly it nestles in the parental bosom! How sweetly it smilesfrom a mother's eyes! How closely it binds two souls together in marriage bonds! How pleasantly it walks along the ways oflife, leaning on the arm of friendship! And love is not content with this-she embraces her enemy, she heaps coals of fireupon her adversary's head-she prays for them that despitefully use her and persecute her. Is not this a precious jewel, indeed?

What earthly thing can be compared to it? You must have noticed that in the list of the fruits of the Spirit, it's the first-"Thefruit of the Spirit is love." It is first because, in some respects, it is best. First, because it leads the way. First, becauseit becomes the motive principle and stimulant of every other Grace and virtue! You cannot conceive of anything more forcefuland more beneficial and, therefore, it is the first. But see what follows at its heels. Two shining ones attend it like maidsof honor, waiting upon a queen! "The fruit of the spirit is love, joy, peace"-he that has love, has joy and peace! What choicecompanions! To love much is to possess a deep delight, a secret cellar of the wine of joy which no man may otherwise taste.

He that loves is like to God, who is the God of Peace. Truly the meek and loving shall inherit the earth and delight themselvesin the abundance of peace! He is calm and quiet whose soul is full of love. In his boat the Lord stands at the helm, sayingto the winds and waves, "Peace! Be still!" He that is all love, though he may have to suffer, yet shall count it all joy whenhe falls into different trials. See, then, what a precious jewel it is that has so many shining brilliants set at its side.Love has this for its excellence, that it fulfils the whole Law of God-you cannot say that of any other virtue! Yet, whileit fulfils the whole Law, it is not legal. Nobody ever loved because it was demanded of him-a good man loves because it ishis nature to do so. Love is free-it blows where it will-like the Spirit from which it comes. Love, indeed, is the very essenceof heart liberty! Well may it be honored, for while it is a true Grace of the Gospel, it nevertheless fulfils the whole Law.If you would have Law and Gospel sweetly combined, you have it in the fruit of the Spirit, which is love.

Love, moreover, is Godlike, for God is Love. Love it is which prepares us for Heaven where everything is love. Come, sweetSpirit, and rest upon us till our nature is transformed into the Divine Nature by our becoming burning flames of love! Oh,that it were so with us this very day! Mark, Beloved, that the love we are speaking of is not a love which comes out of menon account of their natural constitution. I have known persons who are tenderly affectionate by nature-and this is good, butit is not spiritual love-that is the fruit of nature and not of Grace! An affectionate disposition is admirable, but it maybecome a danger by leading to inordinate affection, a timid fear of offending, or an idolatry of the creature. I do not condemnnatural amiability-on the contrary, I wish that all men were naturally amiable-but I would not have any person think thatthis will save him, or that it is a proof that he is renewed.

Only the love which is the fruit of the Spirit may be regarded as a mark of Grace. Some people, I am sorry to say, are naturallysour-they seem to have been born at the season of crabapples and to have been fed on vinegar. They always take a fault-findingview of things. They never see the sun's splendor and yet they are so clear-sighted as to have discovered his spots. Theyhave a great specialty of power for discerning things which it were better not to see. They do not remember that the earthhas proved steady and firm for centuries, but they have a lively recollection of the earthquake, and they quake, even now,as they talk about it.

Such as these have need to cry for the indwelling of the Spirit of God, for if He will enter into them His power will soonovercome the tendency to sourness, for, "the fruit of the Spirit is love." Spiritual love is nowhere found without the Spiritand the Spirit is nowhere dwelling in the heart unless love is produced. So much for this jewel!

III. I see in the text a third thing, and that is A PICTURE-a rich and rare picture painted by a Master, the great Designerof all things beautiful-the Divine Spirit of God. What does He say? He says, "The fruit of the Spirit is love." We have seenmany fine pictures of fruit and here is one. The great Artist has sketched fruit which never grow in the gardens of earthtill they are planted by the Lord from Heaven! Oh, that every one of us might have a vineyard in his bosom and yield abundanceof that love which is "the fruit of the Spirit!" What does this mean? "Fruit"-how is love a fruit? The metaphor shows thatlove is a thing which comes out of life. You cannot fetch fruit out of a dead post. The pillars which support these gallerieshave never yielded any fruit and they never will-they are of hard iron and no life-sap circulates within them.

A dead tree brings forth no fruit. God implants a spiritual life in men and then, out of that life, comes love, as the fruitof the Spirit. Love appears as a growth. Fruit does not begin perfectly ripe from the tree all at once. First comes a flower;then a tiny formation which shows that the flower has set. Then a berry appears, but it is very sour. You may not gather it.Leave it alone, a little while, and allow the sun to ripen it. By-and-by it fills out and there you have the apple in thefull proportions of beauty-and with a mellow flavor which delights the taste. Love springs up in the heart and increases bya sure growth. Love is not produced by casting the mind in the mold of imitation, or by fastening the Grace to a man's manneras a thing outside of himself. Little children go to a shop where their little tastes are considered and they buy sticks uponwhich cherries have been tied-but everybody knows that they are not the fruit of the sticks-they are merely bound upon them!And so have we known people who have borrowed an affectionate mannerism and a sweet style-but they are not natural to them-theyare not true love.

What sweet words! What dainty phrases! You go among them and, at first, you are surprised with their affection! You are a,"dear Sister," or a, "dear Brother," and you hear a, "dear minister." And you come to the "dear Tabernacle" and sing dearhymns to those dear old tunes. Their talk is so sweet that it is just a little sticky-and you feel like a fly which is beingcaught in molasses! This is disgusting! It sickens me! Love is a fruit of the Spirit-it is not something assumed by a man-butsomething growing out of his heart. Some men sugar their conversation very largely with pretentious words because they areaware that the fruit it is made of is unripe and young. In such a case their sweetness is not affection but affectation! Buttrue love, real love for God and man comes out of a man because it is in him, worked within by the operation of the Holy Spiritwhose fruit it is. The outcome of regenerated manhood is that a man lives no longer unto himself but for the good of others.

Fruit, again, calls for care. If you have a garden, you will soon know this. We had a profusion of flowers upon our pear treesthis year and, for a few weeks, the weather was warm beyond the usual heat of April. But nights of frost followed and cutoff nearly all the fruit. Other kinds of fruit which survived the frost are now in danger from the dry weather which has developedan endless variety of insect blight so that we wonder whether any of it will survive! If we get

over this trial and the fruit grows well, we shall yet expect to see many apples fall before autumn because a worm has eateninto their hearts and effectually destroyed them. So is it with Christian life! I have seen a work for the Lord prosperingsplendidly, like a fruitful vine, when suddenly there has come a frosty night and fond hopes have been nipped. Or else newnotions and wild ideas have descended like insect blights and the fruit has been spoiled! Or if the work has escaped thesecauses of damage, some immorality in a leading member, or a quarrelsome spirit has appeared unawares like a worm in the centerof the apple-and down it has fallen, never to flourish again.

"The fruit of the Spirit is love." You must take care of your fruit if you wish to have any laid up in store at the end ofthe year. And so must every Christian be very watchful over the fruit of the Spirit, lest in any way it should be destroyedby the enemy. Fruit is the reward of the husbandman and the crown and glory of the tree. The Lord crowns the year with Hisgoodness by giving fruit in due season-and truly the holy fruit of love is the regard of Jesus and the honor of His servants.How sweet is the fruit of the Spirit! I say, "fruit," and not fruits, for the text says so. The work of the Spirit is one,whether it is known by the name of love, or joy, or peace, or meekness, or gentleness, or temperance. Moreover, it is constant-thefruit of the Spirit is borne continually in its season. It is reproductive, for the tree multiplies itself by its fruit, andChristianity must be spread by the love and joy and peace of Christians.

Let the Spirit of God work in you, dear Brothers and Sisters, and you will be fruitful in every good work, doing the willof the Lord-and you will rear others like you, who shall, when your time is over, occupy your place and bring forth fruitto the great Husbandman!

IV. Lastly, you see in my text, A CROWN. "The fruit of the Spirit is love." Let us make a diadem out of the text and lovinglyset it upon the head of the Holy Spirit, because He has produced, in the people of God, this precious thing which is called,"Love." How comes heavenly love into such hearts as yours and mine? It comes, first, because the Holy Spirit has given usa new nature. There is a new life in us that was not there when we first came into the world. And that new life lives andloves. It must love God, who has created it, and man, who is made in His image. It cries, "My Father," and the essence ofthat word, "My Father," is love!

The Spirit of God has brought us into new relationships. He has given us the spirit of adoption towards the Father. He hasmade us to feel our brotherhood with the saints and to know our union with Christ. We are not in our relationships what weused to be, for we were "heirs of wrath even as others." But now we are "heirs of God, joint heirs with Jesus Christ" and,consequently, we cannot help loving, for love, alone, could make the new relation to be fully enjoyed. The blessed Spirithas also brought us tender new obligations. We were bound to love God and serve Him as creatures, but we did not do it-nowthe Holy Spirit has made us to feel that we are debtors to infinite love and mercy through redemption. Every drop of Jesus'blood cries to us to love! Every groan from yonder dark Gethsemane cries love! The Spirit of God works in us so that everyshiver of yonder Cross moves us to love!

The love of Christ constrains us-we must love, for the Spirit has taken of the things of the loving Christ and has revealedthem to us. The Spirit of God has so entered into us that He has caused love to be our delight! What a pleasure it is whenyou can preach a sermon full of love to those to whom you preach! Or when you can visit the poor, full of love to those yourelieve! To stand on the street corner and proclaim of Jesus' dying love-why, it is no irksome task to the man who does itlovingly-it is his joy and his recreation! Holy service in which the emotion of love is indulged is as pleasant to us as itis to a bird to fly, or to a fish to swim! Duty is no longer bondage, but choice! Holiness is no longer restraint, but perfectliberty! And self-sacrifice becomes the very crown of our ambition-the loftiest height to which our spirit can aspire! Itis the Holy Spirit that does all this.

Now, my dear Hearer, have you this love in your heart? Judge by your relation to God. Do you live without prayer? Do you veryseldom read God's Word? Are you getting indifferent as to whether you go and worship with His people? Ah, then, be afraidthat the love of God is not in you! But do you feel that you love everything that has to do with God-His work, His service,His people, His Day, His Book-and that you do all you possibly can to spread His Kingdom, both by prayer, by word of mouth,by your liberality and by your example? If you love, you can easily see it, I think, and there are many ways by which youcan test yourself.

Well, suppose that to be satisfactorily answered, then I have this further question-Do you and I-who can say, "Lord, you knowthat I love You"-do we sufficiently bless the Holy Spirit for giving us this jewel of love? If you love Christ, then say,"This love is given to me. It is a rare plant, an exotic. It never sprang out of my natural heart. Weeds

will grow there, but not this fair flower." Bless the Holy Spirit for it! "Oh, but I do not love God as I ought!" No, Brother,I know you do not, but bless Him that you love Him at all! Love God for the very fact that He has led you to love Him-andthat is the way to love Him more! Love God for letting you love Him! Love Him for taking away the stone out of your heartand giving you a heart of flesh! For the little Grace that you see in your soul, thank God!

You know when a man has been ill, the doctor says to him, "You are not well by a long way, but I hope you are on the turn.""Yes," says the man, "I feel very ill, but still, I think I am a little better-the fever is less and the swelling is goingdown." He mentions some little symptom and the doctor is pleased because he knows that it indicates much-the disease is pastthe crisis. Bless God for a little Grace! Blame yourself that you have not more Grace, but praise Him to think you have any!Time was when I would have given my eyes and ears to be able to say, "I love God." And now that I do love Him, I would givemy eyes and ears to love Him more! I would give all I have to get more love into my soul! But I am grateful to think I havea measure of true love and I feel its power.

Do be grateful to the Holy Spirit. Worship and adore Him specially and peculiarly. You say, "Why specially and peculiarly?"I answer-Because He is so much forgotten. Some people hardly know whether there is a Holy Spirit! Let the Father and the Sonbe equally adored, but be careful in reference to the Holy Spirit, for the failure of the Church towards the Holy Trinitylies mainly in a forgetfulness of the Gracious work of the Holy Spirit! Therefore I press this upon you and I beg you to laudand magnify the Holy Spirit and sedulously walk in all affectionate gratitude towards Him all your days. As your love increases,let your worship of the Holy Spirit become daily more and more conspicuous because love is His fruit although it is your vitalprinciple. To the God of Love I commend you all. Amen.

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