Sermon 1196. The Stern Teacher

(No. 1196)




"Therefore the Law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might bejustified by faith. But after faith has come,we are no longer under a schoolmaster." Galatians 3:24-26.

NEITHER the Jewish Law of Ten Commandments, nor its Law of ceremonies were ever intended to save anybody. It was not the intentof the ceremonial Law, in itself to effect the redemption of the soul-by a set of pictures it set forth the way of salvation-butit was not, itself, the way. It was a map, not a country. It was a model of the road, not the road itself. The blood of bullsand goats, nor the ashes of a heifer could take away sin! These sacrifices and offerings were but types of the great Sacrificewhich, in due time, was presented by the true Priest. There was no inherent virtue in the victims that were slain, or in theservices that were observed by the worshippers! Those sacred rites were intended to portray to the minds of the people thereal Sacrifice, which was, in the fullness of time, to be offered by our Lord Jesus Christ-but they could do nothing more.

The king's portrait is not himself, the king! The engraving of a banquet is not the feast, itself, and so the grand old ceremonialLaw was but a shadow of good things to come. It did not contain the substance of spiritual blessings. Neither was the moralLaw of the Ten Commandments proclaimed on Mount Sinai ever given with the view of sinners being saved by it. When that Lawwas announced by God, He knew that everyone to whom He gave that Law had already broken it and that, consequently, they couldnot keep its precepts or claim justification by their conformity to its requirements. He never intended it to be a way ofsalvation!

Hundreds of years before He had revealed His Covenant of Grace and the way of faith to His servant, Abraham, and the Law wasnot meant to disannul the ancient promise. To look at the Law as a Savior is to place Sinai in the place of Zion and so tomisuse and abuse the Law. It was sent with quite a different purpose, as we shall presently try to show you. It was sent tobe our schoolmaster till Christ came-the schoolmaster of a world in its minority that had need to be under tutelage untilit attained full age-which would not happen until Christ should be born of a woman and the doctrine of Salvation by Faithin Him should be fully preached and known.

Now I shall try and show, first, the office of the Law. Then, secondly, the design of that office-"to bring us to Christ."And, thirdly, the termination of that office-"After faith has come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster."

I. We begin with THE OFFICE OF THE LAW. It is to be a schoolmaster. Here I must endeavor to explain the figure. A schoolmasternowadays is not at all like the personage Paul intended. He speaks of a pedagogue, an official, seldom, if ever, now seenamong men. This was not a person who actually officiated as master in the school and gave instruction in the school itself,but one-a slave, generally-who was set to take the boys to school and to watch over them. He was to be a sort of general supervisorof them, both in school and out of school and, in fact, at all times.

A pedagogue was very generally employed in the training of the young. Indeed, it was a common and customary thing for thesons of the Greek and Roman nobility to have appointed over them some trustworthy servant of the family who took them in charge.The boys were entirely under these servants-and thus had their spirits broken in and their vivacity restrained. As a rule,these pedagogues were very stern and strict-they used the rod freely, not to say cruelly- and the condition of the boys wassometimes no better than slavery.

The boys, (as it was supposed to be for their good), were kept in perpetual fear. Their recreations were restricted- eventheir walks were under the surveillance of the grim pedagogues. They were sternly held in check in all points and were thusdisciplined for the battle of life. As for the young women, they, also, had some elderly Roman of grim appearance who triedto keep them out of mischief and suppress anything like cheerfulness or girlish glee. It was considered necessary for youngpeople that they should suffer from rigid discipline and bear the yoke in their youth.

Therefore they were all put under pedagogues, whoever they might be-pedagogues armed with penalties and devoid of sympathies.

Now Paul, taking up this thought, which was his idea in the word, "schoolmaster," says the Law was our pedagogue, our guardian,our custodian, ruler, tutor, governor until Christ came. Well, then, what is the business of the Law as a pedagogue? The businessof the Law is, first, to teach us our obligations to God. Let us ask ourselves if we have ever heard the Law teaching us inthat way. Brothers and Sisters, read the Ten Commandments and study each separate precept-you will find that in those 10 shortprecepts you have all the moral virtues, the full compass of your accountability to God and of your relationship to your fellowmen.

It is a wonderful condensation of morals. The essence of all just decrees and statutes lies there. Perfection is photographedthere and holiness mapped out. No one has ever been able to add to it without creating an excrescence. Not a word could betaken from it without causing a serious omission. It is the perfect Law of God and tells us exactly what we ought to be-ifwe are in any degree deficient-we are to that extent guilty before God. When the Law comes to a man's conscience, it revealsto him the Divine standard of right-holds it up before him-makes him look at it and apprises him that the Commandments donot merely refer to acts and deeds, but with equal force to the words and thoughts from where they proceed.

I guarantee you it is a humbling day when a man gets to understand that for every idle word he has spoken he will be broughtto account-and that even his desires and imaginations will all come under Divine scrutiny! How startled is the purest mindwhen it understands that whoever looks upon a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart-sothat even glances of the eyes and thoughts of the heart are offenses of the Law of God! The Law of God takes cognizance ofthe entire nature and reveals the evil which lurks in every faculty. The mere imagination of sin is sinful-the very conceptionof it, albeit that we should reject it and never carry it into act-would still be a stain upon our minds and render us impurebefore the thrice holy God! This is one of the first works of the Law-to show us what spotless purity it demands and to revealto us the matchless perfection which alone can meet its requirements. He who has once gazed upon the blinding light of legalholiness will tremble at the memory of it-and abhor himself in dust and ashes as he feels how far short of it he falls!

Having done that, the Law acts as a schoolmaster, next, by showing us our sinfulness. We are naturally prone to account ourselvesvery good. Our own opinion of ourselves is seldom too low-most generally it is a rather high one- but just as a stern pedagoguewould say to a boy who was getting a little proud, "Come along, Sir, I must take you down a little," so the Law takes us down.It says, "Look at that precept. You have not kept that! And consider this other precept, for you appear to have forgottenit." "Look," says the Law, "you talk about your holiness, but have you loved the Lord your God with all your heart, and allyour soul, and all your might? And have you loved your neighbor as yourself?"

And then, when Conscience, who is a great friend of this pedagogue, replies, "Indeed I have done nothing of the kind," theconviction of sin comes home to the soul and sadness reigns! You will tell me, "This is very unpleasant-to be made to feelthat you are sinful." Yes, but it is very necessary-there is no getting to Christ in any other way! Christ died for sinnersand if you are not sinners, what interest can you have in His death? Why should you think that He died for you? You must beconvinced of your sinfulness before you can possibly realize the value and need of salvation! It is the business of the Lawto lay before you the straight line-that you may see your crookedness-and put before you the pure gold. The Law is there thatyou may discern the humbling fact that what you thought to be pure metal is only so much worthless dross! It is the part ofthis pedagogue to bring you down-to humble you and make you feel how sinful you have been.

When the Law has carried our education this far, its next business is to sweep away all our excuses and stop our mouths asto all self-justifying pleas. Did you ever know a boy without an excuse? I never did! I think I never knew a girl, either!We all make excuses readily enough. But those rough, surly pedagogues always answered the boy's idle apologies by giving theoffender an extra stroke of the whip for daring to impose upon his guardian! And that is what the Law does with us. We sayto it, "We have not done exactly as we ought, but then think of poor human nature!" Ah, how often we make that excuse! Butthe Law answers, "I have nothing to do with the poverty of human nature. This is what God commands and if you do not obeyyou will have to be cast away forever from His Presence."

The Law makes no diminution of its claims because of fallen human nature! And what is more, when the Law comes with powerto a man's conscience, he does not, himself, dare to plead human nature-for of all pleas that is one of the most fallacious.A man will say, "Well, I know I drank to intoxication, but that is merely gratifying an instinct of human nature." Now, justsuppose that this drunk, when he gets sober, falls into the hands of a thief-will he not turn the rogue over to a policeman?But what if the defense is set up that it was human nature that robbed him? See what he will say about it. Says he, "I willget human nature locked up for 12 months if I can." He does not recognize soft speeches about human nature when anyone doeswrong to him-and he knows, in his own soul, that there is no valid defense in such a plea when he does wrong to God!

What if human nature is bad? That only proves that the man ought to be punished more! A man stands before my Lord Mayor tomorrowmorning. He is brought up for a thief, charged with having picked somebody's pocket. He says, "My Lord Mayor, I ought to beforgiven, for the fact is, it is my nature to steal! I have stolen so long that whenever I see a pocket I feel a disposition,at once, to put my hand into it-such is the infirmity of my nature." What does the Lord Mayor say? He replies very gravely,"Why, I see that it is not merely in actions that you are guilty, but your very nature is poisoned with dishonesty. I shallgive you a double punishment-your plea is not an excuse, but an aggravation." So when the Law comes, it sweeps all excusesaway and makes us see how hollow, false and even wicked they are! Men, like boys, will say that circumstances were such thatthey could not help doing amiss-but the Law, like a stern pedagogue, says-"I have nothing to do with circumstances. Whateveryour circumstances are, there is your duty and you have not done it, and, not having done it, you must be punished for youroffense."

Where does Moses, in the 20th chapter of Exodus, speak about exonerating or even extenuating circumstances? God spoke allthese words, saying, "I am the Lord your God, which have brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make unto you any graven image, or any likeness of anything that isin Heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: You shall not bow down yourselfto them, nor serve them." That is to say, not under any circumstances! "You shall not steal," not under any circumstances.Circumstances are not taken into account! The Law sweeps that excuse away and makes men speechless before the Judgment Seat.

Many transgressors argue, "Well, but I have not done worse than other people." To which the Law replies, "What have you todo with other people? Each individual must stand or fall on his own account before the Law. The Law is to you. If anotherhas broken it, he shall be punished even as you shall, inasmuch as you have broken it." Then the man cries, "But I have beenbetter than others!" "But," says the Law, "If you have not perfectly walked in all the ways of the Lord your God to do them,I have nothing to do with comparing you with others. This is my sentence, 'Cursed is every man that continues not in all thingsthat are written in the Book of the Law to do them.'"

Now, my dear Hearers, these are not my words, they are the Words of God by His servant Moses! And there they stand like aflaming sword, turning every way, and blocking up the legal road to the Tree of Life. Conscience, when it is really awakenedby the Law, confesses herself condemned and ceases to uphold her plea of innocence. How can it be otherwise, when the Lawis so stern? Then, Perhaps, the man will say, "I mean to do better in the future"-to which the Law replies, "What have I todo with that? It is already due that you should be perfect in the future-and if you should be perfect, in what way would thatwipe out your old offenses? You have only done what you ought to have done."

But the man cries, "I repent of having done wrong." "Yes," says the Law, "but I have nothing to do with repentance." Thereis no provision in the Ten Commandments for repentance! Cursed is the man that breaks the Law- and that is all that the Lawsays to him. Over the top of Sinai there were flames exceedingly bright and a trumpet sounded exceedingly loud-but there wereno drops of the rain of pity there! Storm and tempest, thunder and lightning appalled the people so that they trembled inthe camp-and such must be the sights and sounds we witness as long as we are under the Law!

Having thus swept away excuses, this pedagogue does the next thing which pedagogues did to boys. It begins to chide us andto chasten us. And it will chide, too! I know it. I had the Law frowning and shaking its fist at me for years before I gotfrom under it. Glad enough was I to escape from it, for well do I remember the weight of its club-that crab tree club of whichJohn Bunyan speaks! I guarantee you it can give you such sore bones that you cannot lie down upon the bed of your self-confidenceto take a rest. "Why," says the Law, "you have done this and that, and the other, and you

know you have! You have sinned against light and against knowledge-and against conscience, love and against mercy." And eachof these brings another blow from the great rod till we are all wounds and bruises-and we seem to ourselves to be coveredwith putrefying sores.

The Law will serve us as the pedagogue did the boy-it will accompany and follow us everywhere. The old pedagogue went withthe boy to the playground-he did not let him play in peace. He went upstairs to bed with him- he did not let him go to sleepwithout a frown-and he woke him up in the morning much earlier than he liked to be awakened, and made him come out of hisbed, whether he liked it or not. He could never go anywhere without this pedagogue with him, poor child. And so it is whenthe Law gets hold of a man-really gets hold of him. Does he go to the theater to find pleasure in sin? The Law will go withhim and make him feel more wretched than when he was at home! He may get among the frivolous and try to sing some old songto get rid of his feelings, but the more he tries to drown his misery, the more the dark forebodings come before his mind.

He cannot rest. The Law keeps on saying, "What are you doing, now? Why, you are only going from bad to worse." The Law alsosmites the awakened conscience, again and again-and frightens him with what is soon to come. "Suppose you were to die whereyou now are," says the Law. "Suppose you were now to appear before your Maker, unforgiven, where would you be?" Perhaps inthis kind of feeling a man goes to the House of God. The Law follows him there. If the preacher preaches a contorting sermon,the Law says, "This is not for you. You have nothing to do with that. You are under my government, not under Christ." Thesweeter the promise, the more bitter will be the taste of the sermon in the poor sinner's mouth, for the Law says, "You havebroken my injunctions. You have violated my statutes. There is nothing for you but eternal punishment-to be driven foreverfrom the Presence of God."

"Hard lines," you say. You do not like this pedagogue. No, nor did I, when I was under him. I was glad when the day came thatI was of age. Do you see what the drift of all this is? Why, the drift of it is to make you despair of being saved by yourgood works-and to make you feel that you can do nothing right, apart from Jesus! You are forced by the Law to cry out, "Why,I cannot do anything right! I have tried and failed! I have tried again and have failed! I thought I was going to improvemyself into an angel, but I seem to be worse every day! I thought surely the Law would have smiled on me and said, 'That iswell done,' but when I have done my best I am still condemned, I am allowed no peace!"

No, dear Soul, and if God means to save you, you never will have any peace till you come to Christ! The man whom God doesnot intend to save is often left without the Law-to enjoy his portion in this life as best he may. What is the use of worryingthat man? He may as well have peace in this life, for he will never see the face of the Lord in Heaven. But the Lord's electare made to feel the rod and by that rod they are so beaten that they are driven out of all heart and confidence in themselves-andmade to turn to Jesus-to find salvation by some better method than by their own works! The Law is our schoolmaster to whipus to Christ-our pedagogue to flog us and beat us till we are heartily sick of self-and look for our hope and confidence insome other source.

II. Thus I have shown you the office of the Law and I will proceed to the second head, which is, THE DESIGN OF THIS OFFICE.The Law is not intended to conduct any man to despair. "But did not you say it was, just now?" No, I did not! I said it wassent to drive a man to despair of himself. That is the despair which hails the Gospel-and the sooner we have it the better-itwould be quite another matter if we were driven to absolute despair. Brothers and Sisters, the Law says, "You shall not indulgethe hope of being saved by me. I will whip it out of you." And it does this effectually, but it is not meant that the manshould say, "Well, if I cannot be saved by my works there is no hope of my being saved at all."

Oh, no! It is that he may ask, "What must I do to be saved?" And may get this answer-"Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, andyou shall be saved." Its office is not to urge us to make an amalgam of works and faith, as some suppose. There are thosewho say, "I cannot keep the Law, but if I believe in Jesus, then the blood of Jesus will make up for my sins and deficiencies."That is not the way of salvation! Nobody will ever get to Heaven that way! If you have any engagements with the Law, you mustpay it 20 shillings in the pound. It will not take a composition of any sort whatever-you must satisfy its utmost demandsor it will give you no rest-either in time or in eternity!

If you say to the Law, "I will give you so much in works and so much in Grace," the Law does not deal in that way- it mustbe paid by a legal tender of current coin of the king's realm. It demands works and it will have nothing but works-and thoseabsolutely perfect and in full tale and measure. The Law repudiates amalgamation and so does the

Gospel of Free Grace. If you have anything to do with Jesus, you must get right away from your own good works-I mean fromall reliance upon them-and come to rest in Him, and Him alone, for it can never be Christ and company. He will save from topto bottom, from first to last, or else not at all. Not a drop of His blood and then a drop of your tears! Not a work fromChrist and then a work from you! Oh no! Such hideous patchwork cannot be endured. It is not the object of the Law to driveyou to a compromise. Its object is this-to make you accept salvation as the free gift of God- to make you stand and admitthat you are a sinner, and accept a free, full, perfect forgiveness-according to the infinite Grace of the eternal Father.The Law is meant to keep you always holding on to salvation by Divine Grace.

For my part, I cannot bear that preaching which is partly Law and partly Grace. I have had enough of the Law! If you had knownfive years of its rigor-five years of discipline of the pedagogue-you would never want to see even his back again! When aman once knows what law-work is in his soul, he knows the difference between that and the Gospel-and he will not have linsey-woolsey!He needs to have the pure white linen all of one material-and that material Free Grace! It must not be, "Yes, no," but, "Yes,yes"-Grace, Grace, all Grace, nothing but Grace, and not Grace and works, not Moses and Christ, but Jesus only! The Gracemust be pure and unadulterated!

It is a grand thing when this schoolmaster makes a man stick to Divine Grace and so flogs and whips him that he never wantsto go back to the Law any more for, Brothers and Sisters, nobody is so happy in the liberty of Christ as the man who has thoroughlyknown the bondage of the Law! I think I have repeated to you a story my old friend, Dr. Alexander Fletcher, once told me.He said he was passing by the Old Bailey, or some other of our jails, and he saw a couple of boys turning somersaults, standingon their heads, making wheels of themselves and all sorts of things. He stopped and said, "Why, boys, whatever are you doing?You seem to be delighted." One of them said, "Yes, and you would be delighted, too, if you had been locked up in that jailthree months! You would jump when you came out." And the good old doctor said he thought it was very likely he should. Ifhe had been a prisoner there he should hardly know how to express his delight in getting out.

Now, if a man has been once pummeled by the Law. If he has felt his sin and misery-and the impossibility of obtaining anyrelief by the way of human merit. When he comes to see that Christ has kept the Law for him. When he comes to know that heis saved, and saved perfectly by an act offaith in Jesus Christ-when he realizes all this-it is then that he lives under newconditions and is not under the Law but under Divine Grace! He is the man to know the sweets of liberty because before theiron had entered into his soul! He is the man to kiss the Emancipator's feet, for was he not heavily ironed in the days ofhis former estate? This, then, is the design of the Law-to make us sick of self and fond of Christ-to condemn us that we mayaccept Free Grace. To empty us that God may fill us, to strip us that God may clothe us-in a word-to kill us that Christ maymake us alive!

III. Now to our last point-TERMINATION OF THE LAW'S OFFICE. When does it terminate? The text says,

"But after faith has come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster." We come to believe in Jesus and then the pedagogue troublesus no more. No, there is a great change in the pedagogue's behavior. When the young Roman, or we will say a young Hebrew,who had come under the Greek law, was under thirteen and a-half years old, this pedagogue was always beating, cuffing andbuffeting him for his faults. But when he was a day over the time, then, according to the Law, he was free from the tutelageof the pedagogue.

Do you think the pedagogue struck him that morning? He knew better! He had whipped him yesterday, but now he must know hismaster and render him another sort of service. The lad is come to his full age and is under other regulations. Under the oldRoman law a man was not of full age till he was twenty-five. According to that law the pedagogue might be insulting and domineeringover him when he was 23 or twenty-four. But when his young master had come of age, he changed his talk altogether-matterswore another phase. And so when a man becomes a Believer, he has come of age and the schoolmaster's rule is over. He is nolonger under his former tutors and governors, for his time of liberty appointed by the Father is come!

He is not under the pedagogue of the Law any longer, for Christ's work has set him entirely free. Certainly, a man sees theoffice of the Law as pedagogue ended when he ascertains that Christ has fulfilled it! I read the Ten Commandments and say,"These thundered at me and I trembled at them, but Christ has kept them, kept them for me! He was my Representative in everyact of His obedient life and death-and before God it is as if I had kept the Law-and I

stand accepted in the Beloved! When Jesus Christ is seen of God, God sees His people in Him, and they are justified throughHis righteousness because they have faith in Him. "He that believes in Him is not condemned."

Oh, is it not a thousand mercies in one that the grand old cannons of the Law are no longer turned against us? Christ haseither spiked them or else turned them on our enemies by fulfilling the Law so that they are on our side instead of againstus. The Law ceases its office as schoolmaster when it comes to be written on our hearts. Boys have their lessons on slates,but men have their laws in their minds! We trust a man where we should carefully watch a boy. When the child becomes a man,his father and mother do not write down little rules for him as they did when he was a child-neither do they set servantsover him to keep him in order. He is trusted. His manliness is trusted. His honor is trusted. His best feelings are trusted.

So now, Brothers and Sisters, we who have believed in Jesus have the Law written, here, in our hearts and it corresponds withwhat is written there in the Scriptures! And now we do not say of a sin, "I am afraid to do that, for I should be lost ifI did." We do not desire to do it. We loathe it. And of a virtue, we do not say, "I must do that, or else I shall not be achild of God." No, we love to do it-we want to do it! The more of holiness the better! We love the Law of the Lord and desireto keep its statutes unto the end. We no longer have, "You shall," and, "You shall not," constantly sounding in our ears aswe did when we were children. We are men in Christ Jesus and now our sacred passions delight to run in the way of God's Commandments-andif the old nature rebels, Grace is given to put it down! There is a daily conflict, but the new life that is within us cannotsin because it is born of God! And it keeps down the old nature so that we walk in the ways of righteousness after the exampleof our Lord.

A warfare goes on, but we are no longer children. When faith has come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. This is notAntinomianism, for we are not against the Law, but the Law that once was on the stone tablets and there was broken, is nowwritten on the fleshy tablet of a renewed heart-and the Lord sweetly inclines us to keep His Testimonies and observe His Statutes.Moreover, we get free from the Law when we take up our heirship in Christ. I am afraid some Christians have never fully donethis. Can you say, Beloved, "I have believed in Jesus and therefore I am one with Him- whatever Christ is before God, thatI am-for I am a member of His body, of His flesh and of His bones"?-

"So near, so very near to God, I cannot nearer be,

For in the Person of His Son I am as near as He.

So dear, so very dear to God, I cannot dearer be

The love wherewith He loves His Son,

Such is His love to me."

Can you say, "He has made with me an Everlasting Covenant, ordered in all things and sure? As long as Jesus lives I cannotdie, for it is written, 'Because he lives, I shall live, also"?-

"My name from the palms of His hands Eternity cannot erase, Impressed on His heart it remains In marks of indelible Grace."

When a man gets there and knows that his standing does not depend on himself, but that he is what he is in Christ- when heknows that Christ has done everything for him and has saved him so that he can challenge every accuser in the words of Paul-"Whoshall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifies, who is he that condemns?"-when he gets there, thenhe can truly say that he is no longer under a schoolmaster! O Brothers and Sisters, read the eighth and ninth chapters ofRomans! Get into the spirit of the Apostle when he rejoiced and triumphed in the complete salvation of Christ-get away fromall beliefs that you have something to do in order to save yourself!

If there are any unconverted persons here, and I am afraid there are a great many, I beseech you do not abide under the Law,for the Law can do nothing for you but curse you! Give up all hope of being saved by anything that you can do and agree tobe saved by what Christ has done. Plead guilty! Plead guilty, and then God will say, "I absolve you." Plead guilty and pleadthe blood of Jesus and, this done, you are accepted in the Beloved!-

"There is life for a look at the Crucified One!

There is life at this moment for you," and for every soul that will confess its guiltiness and renounce all hope of self-salvation!Only fly away to the wounds of Jesus!

And how shall I urge you, O Christian, never to go back to the Law? Do not begin to judge yourself as if you were under theLaw. What if you are a sinner? It is true you are! Confess your sin and mourn over it, but remember there is a Fountain openfor sin and for uncleanness in the house of David. That sin of yours was laid on Christ before you committed it! It was laidon the Scapegoat's head of old and put away-and at this moment you are still clean in the sight of God through that greatwashing which you have received in the precious blood! Do not imagine that God will change His mind about you! He never didand never can change His mind! He has said concerning each soul that believes in His dear Son, "He that believes in Him isnot condemned." You are complete in Christ Jesus! In Him you have righteousness and strength. In Him you may even glory! Getaway from legal doctrines and stand upon the Gospel rock-and you will be happy and holy all your days!

Let me speak to those of you who are engaged in Christian service. When you try to teach others, always keep the Law in itsproper place. I remember hearing a sermon from this text, "They that sow in tears shall reap in joy," in which the preacherso thoroughly missed the mark as to leave the inference upon the minds of his hearers that, after all, our good works andrepentance would save us! Now, that is not the Gospel! Neither ought it to be preached as such. We preach up good works withall our might as the result of faith, as the outgrowth of faith-but not as the groundwork of salvation! We tell you that thetree of human nature must be altered, first, or the fruit cannot be good. There will be no pears upon that crabapple treetill you change the stock! Do not, therefore, go preaching to crab trees and tell them to bear pears and apples!

We testify that Christ is able to change a man's nature-and then good fruits will come as a matter of course-but I am afraidthat in many Sunday schools the children are taught a different doctrine-somewhat after this fashion. "Now, dear Children,be very good and obey your parents, and love Jesus, and you will be saved." That is not the Gospel and it is not true! Oftendo I hear it said, "Love Jesus, dear Children." That is not the Gospel. It is, "Trust Him"-"Believe." Not love, but faithis the Saving Grace! That love of Jesus of a sentimental kind, which does not spring out of faith in Him, is a spurious emotion,a counterfeit love-not at all the love of God, shed abroad in the heart by the Holy Spirit! The root of the matter is, "Believein the Lord Jesus Christ and you shall be saved"-that is the Gospel for a child of two years of age-and the Gospel for a manof a hundred! There is only one Gospel for all that are born on the face of the earth-"Believe in Jesus." Not your doing,not your obeying the Law-you have broken that-you have put yourself out of all possible hope in that direction! But your acceptanceof what Christ has done will save you at once, save you forever!

But why should I multiply words? I do not know how to put the whole matter in a simpler form, or to commend it more plainlyto your understanding. It is not the mere exposition of a few verses of Scripture, or the clearing up of some small criticaldifficulty. Rather would I have you consider it a direction of vital importance to every seeking soul-a counsel of thrillinginterest to every tried and exercised heart! Oh, how anxious I am to make straight paths for your feet, lest that which islame be turned out of the way! I wish that all of you, especially our young friends, would learn and often repeat that hymnof Dr. Watts till it becomes indelibly fixed on their memory-

"The Law commands and makes us know

What duties to our God we owe.

But 'tis the Gospel must reveal

Where lies our strength to do His will.

The Law disco vers guilt and sin,

And shows how vile our hearts have been.

Only the Gospel can express

Forgiving love and cleansing Grace.

What curses does the Law denounce

Against the man that sins but once!

But in the Gospel, Christ appears

Pardoning the guilt of numerous years.

My Soul, no more attempt to draw

Your life and comfort from the Law.

Fly to the hope the Gospel gives,

The man that trusts the promise lives."

And remember, last of all, that the Law which is so sharp and terrible to men when it only deals with them for their good,will, if you and I die without being brought to Christ, be much more terrible to us in eternity, when it deals with us injustice for our punishment! Then it will not be enshrined in the body of Moses, but, terrible to tell, it will be incarnatein the Person of the Son of God sitting upon the Throne! He will be at once the Lawgiver, the Judge and the Savior-and youthat have despised Him as the Savior will have to appear before Him as your Judge! And His justice will be clear and undilutednow that His mercy has been scorned.

Oil is soft-but set it on fire and see how it burns! Love is sweet-but curdle it to jealousy and see how sour it is! If youturn the Lamb of Zion into the Lion of the tribe of Judah, beware, for He will tear you in pieces and there shall be noneto deliver you! Rejected love will change its hand. The pierced hands were stretched out with invitations of mercy-but ifthese are rejected-! O Sinners, I am telling you the solemn truth! Please hear it, I pray you, before I send you away-if fromthose hands that were pierced you will not take the perfect salvation which He is prepared to give to all who confess theirguilt, you will have to receive from those same hands the blows of that iron rod which shall break you in pieces as a potter'svessel.

Fly now and kiss the Son, lest He be angry, and you perish from the way while His wrath is kindled but a little! Blessed areall they that put their trust in Him! Amen.