Sermon 1024. The Throne of Grace

(No. 1024)

Delivered on Lord's-Day Morning, November 19th, 1871, by


At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington

"The throne of grace."-Hebrews 4:16

THESE words are found embedded in that gracious verse, "Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we mayobtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need"; they are a gem in a golden setting. True prayer is an approach of thesoul by the Spirit of God to the throne of God. It is not the utterance of words, it is not alone the feeling of desires,but it is the advance of the desires to God, the spiritual approach of our nature towards the Lordour God. True prayer is not a mere mental exercise, nor a vocal performance, but it is deeper far than that-it is spiritualcommerce with the Creator of heaven and earth. God is a Spirit unseen of mortal eye, and only to be perceived by the innerman; our spirit within us, begotten by the Holy Ghost at our regeneration, discerns the Great Spirit, communes with him, prefersto him its requests, and receives from him answers of peace. It is a spiritual business from beginning to end; and itsaim and object end not with man, but reach to God himself.

In order to such prayer, the work of the Holy Ghost himself is needed. If prayer were of the lips alone, we should only needbreath in our nostrils to pray: if prayer were of the desires alone, many excellent desires are easily felt, even by naturalmen: but when it is the spiritual desire, and the spiritual fellowship of the human spirit with the Great Spirit, then theHoly Ghost himself must be present all through it, to help infirmity, and give life and power, or elsetrue prayer will never be presented, but the thing offered to God will wear the name and have the form, but the innerlife of prayer will be far from it.

Moreover, it is clear from the connection of our text, that the interposition of the Lord Jesus Christ is essential to acceptableprayer. As prayer will not be truly prayer without the Spirit of God, so it will not be prevailing prayer without the Sonof God. he, the Great High Priest, must go within the veil for us; nay, through his crucified person the veil must be entirelytaken away; for, until then, we are shut out from the living God. The man who, despite theteaching of Scripture, tries to pray without a Saviour insults the Deity; and he who imagines that his own natural desires,coming up before God, unsprinkled with the precious blood, will be an acceptable sacrifice before God, makes a mistake; hehas not brought an offering that God can accept, any more than if he had struck off a dog's neck, or offered an unclean sacrifice.Wrought in us by the Spirit, presented for us by the Christ of God, prayer becomes power before the Most High, but notelse.

In order, dear friends, that I may stir you up to prayer this morning, and that your souls may be led to come near to theThrone of Grace, I purpose to take these few words and handle them as God shall give me ability. You have begun to pray; Godhas begun to answer. This week has been a very memorable one in the history of this church. Larger numbers than ever beforeat one time have come forward to confess Christ,-as plain an answer to the supplications of God'speople, as though the hand of the Most High had been stretched out of heaven handing down to us the blessings for whichwe asked. Now, let us continue in prayer, yea, let us gather strength in intercession, and the more we succeed, the more earnestlet us be to succeed yet more and more. Let us not be straitened in our own bowels, since we are not straitened in our God.This is a good day, and a time of glad tidings, and seeing that we have the King's ear, I am most anxious that we should speakto him for thousands of others; that they also, in answer to our pleadings, may be brought nigh unto Christ.

In trying to speak of the text this morning, I shall take it thus: First, here is a throne; then, secondly, here is grace; then we will put the two together, and we shall see grace on a throne; and putting them together in another order, we shall see sovereignty manifesting itself, and resplendent in grace.

II. Our text speaks of A THRONE:-"The Throne of Grace." God is to be viewed in prayer as our Father; that is the aspect whichis dearest to us; but still we are not to regard him as though he were such as we are; for our Saviour has qualified the expression"Our Father," with the words "who art in heaven"; and close at the heels of that condescending name, in order to remind usthat our Father is still infinitely greater than ourselves, he has bidden us say, "Hallowed bethy name; thy kingdom come"; so that our Father is still to be regarded as a King, and in prayer we come, not only toour Father's feet, but we come also to the throne of the Great Monarch of the universe. The mercy-seat is a throne, and wemust not forget this.

If prayer should always be regarded by us as an entrance into the courts of the royalty of heaven; if we are to behave ourselvesas courtiers should in the presence of an illustrious majesty, then we are not at a loss to know the right spirit in whichto pray. If in prayer we come to a throne, it is clear that our spirit should, in the first place, be one of lowly reverence. It is expected that the subject in approaching to the king should pay him homage and honour.The pride that will not own the king, the treason which rebels against the sovereign will should, if it be wise, avoidany near approach to the throne. Let pride bite the curb at a distance, let treason lurk in corners, for only lowly reverencemay come before the king himself when he sits clothed in his robes of majesty. In our case, the king before whom we come isthe highest of all monarchs, the King of kings, the Lord of lords. Emperors are but the shadows of his imperial power. Theycallthemselves kings by right divine, but what divine right have they? Common sense laughs their pretensions to scorn. TheLord alone hath divine right, and to him only doth the kingdom belong. He is the blessed and only potentate. They are butnominal kings, to be set up and put down at the will of men, or the decree of providence, but he is Lord alone, the Princeof the kings of the earth.

"He sits on no precarious throne,

Nor borrows leave to be."

My heart, be sure that thou prostrate thyself in such a presence. If he be so great, place thy mouth in the dust before him,for he is the most powerful of all kings; his throne hath sway in all worlds; heaven obeys him cheerfully, hell trembles athis frown, and earth is constrained to yield to him homage willingly or unwillingly. His power can make or can destroy. Tocreate or to crush, either is easy enough to him. My soul be thou sure that when thou drawest nigh to theOmnipotent, who is as a consuming fire, thou put thy shoes from off thy feet, and worship him with lowliest humility.

Besides, he is the most Holy of all kings. His throne is a great white throne, unspotted, and clear as crystal. "The heavensare not pure in his sight, and he charged his angels with folly." And thou, a sinful creature, with what lowliness shouldstthou draw nigh to him. Familiarity there may be, but let it not be unhallowed. Boldness there should be, but let it not beimpertinent. Still thou art on earth and he in heaven; still thou art a worm of the dust, a creaturecrushed before the moth, and he the Everlasting: before the mountains were brought forth, he was God, and if all createdthings should pass away again, yet still were he the same. My brethren, I am afraid we do not bow as we should before theEternal Majesty; but, henceforth, let us ask the Spirit of God to put us in a right frame, that every one of our prayers maybe a reverential approach to the Infinite Majesty above.

A throne, and therefore, in the second place, to be approached with devout joyfulness. If I find myself favoured by divine grace to stand amongst those favoured ones who frequent his courts, shall I not feelglad? I might have been in his prison, but I am before his throne: I might have been driven from his presence for ever, butI am permitted to come near to him, even into his royal palace, into his secret chamber of gracious audience, shall I notthen bethankful? Shall not my thankfulness ascend into joy, and shall I not feel that I am honoured, that I am made the recipientof great favours when I am permitted to pray? Wherefore is thy countenance sad, O suppliant, when thou standest before thethrone of grace? If thou wert before the throne of justice to be condemned for thine iniquities, thy hands might well be onthy loins; but now thou art favoured to come before the King in his silken robes of love, let thy face shine with sacred delight.If thy sorrows be heavy, tell them unto him, for he can assuage them; if thy sins be multiplied, confess them, for hecan forgive them. O ye courtiers in the halls of such a monarch, be ye exceeding glad, and mingle praises with your prayers.

It is a throne, and therefore, in the third place, whenever it is approached, it should be with complete submission. We do not pray to God to instruct him as to what he ought to do, neither for a moment must we presume to dictate the lineof the divine procedure. We are permitted to say unto God, "Thus and thus would we have it," but we must evermore add, "But,seeing that we are ignorant and may be mistaken-seeing that we are still in the flesh, and, therefore,may be actuated by carnal motives-not as we will, but as thou wilt." Who shall dictate to the throne? No loyal child ofGod will for a moment imagine that he is to occupy the place of the King, but he bows before him who has a right to be Lordof all; and though he utters his desire earnestly, vehemently, importunately, and pleads and pleads again, yet it is evermorewith this needful reservation: "Thy will be done, my Lord: and, if I ask anything that is not in accordance therewith, myinmost will is that thou wouldst be good enough to deny thy servant; I will take it as a true answer if thou refuse me,if I ask that which seemeth not good in thy sight." If we constantly remembered this, I think we should be less inclined topush certain suits before the throne, for we should feel, "I am here in seeking my own ease, my own comfort, my own advantage,and peradventure, I may be asking for that which would dishonour God; therefore will I speak with the deepest submission tothedivine decrees."

But, brethren, in the fourth place, if it be a throne, it ought to be approached with enlarged expectations. Well doth our hymn put it:

"Thou art coming to a king:

Large petitions with thee bring."

We do not come, as it were, in prayer, only to God's almonry where he dispenses his favours to the poor, nor do we come tothe back-door of the house of mercy to receive the broken scraps, though that were more than we deserve; to eat the crumbsthat fall from the Master's table is more than we could claim; but, when we pray, we are standing in the palace, on the glitteringfloor of the great King's own reception room, and thus we are placed upon a vantage ground. Inprayer we stand where angels bow with veiled faces; there, even there, the cherubim and seraphim adore, before that selfsamethrone to which our prayers ascend. And shall we come there with stunted requests, and narrow and contracted faith? Nay, itbecomes not a King to be giving away pence and groats, he distributes pieces of broad gold; he scatters not as poor men must,scraps of bread and broken meat, but he makes a feast of fat things, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees wellrefined. When Alexander's soldier was told to ask what he would, he did not ask stintedly after the nature of his ownmerits, but he made such a heavy demand, that the royal treasurer refused to pay it, and put the case to Alexander, and Alexanderin right kingly sort replied: "He knows how great Alexander is, and he has asked as from a king; let him have what he requests."Take heed of imagining that God's thoughts are as thy thoughts, and his ways as thy ways. Do not bring before God stintedpetitions and narrow desires, and say, "Lord, do according to these," but, remember, as high as the heavens are abovethe earth, so high are his ways above your ways, and his thoughts above your thoughts, and ask, therefore, after a God-likesort, ask for great things, for you are before the throne of grace, for then he would do for us exceeding abundantly abovewhat we ask or even think.

And, beloved, I may add, in the fifth place, that the right spirit in which to approach the throne of grace, is that of unstaggering confidence. Who shall doubt the King? Who dares impugn the Imperial word? It was well said that if integrity were banished from the heartsof all mankind besides, it ought still to dwell in the hearts of kings. Shame on a king if he can lie. The veriest beggarin the streets is dishonoured by a broken promise, but what shall we say ofa king if his word cannot be depended upon? Oh, shame upon us, if we are unbelieving before the throne of the King ofheaven and earth. With our God before us in all his glory, sitting on the throne of grace, will our hearts dare to say wemistrust him? Shall we imagine either that he cannot, or will not, keep his promise? Banished be such blasphemous thoughts,and if they must come, let them come upon us when we are somewhere in the outskirts of his dominions, if such a place therebe, but notin prayer, when we are in his immediate presence, and behold him in all the glory of his throne of grace. There, surely,is the place for the child to trust its Father, for the loyal subject to trust his monarch; and, therefore, far from it beall wavering or suspicion. Unstaggering faith should be predominant before the mercy-seat.

Only one other remark upon this point, and that is, that if prayer be a coming before the throne of God, it ought always tobe conducted with the deepest sincerity, and in the spirit which makes everything real. If you are disloyal enough to despise the King, at least, for your own sake, do not mock him to his face, and when he isupon his throne. If anywhere you dare repeat holy words without heart, let it not be in Jehovah's palace. If a person shouldaskfor audience with royalty, and then should say, "I scarce know why I have come, I do not know that I have anything veryparticular to ask; I have no very urgent suit to press;" would he not be guilty both of folly and baseness? As for our greatKing, when we venture into his presence, let us have an errand there. As I said the other Sabbath, let us beware of playingat praying. It is insolence toward God. If I am called upon to pray in public, I must not dare to use words that are intendedtoplease the ears of my fellow-worshippers, but I must realize that I am speaking to God himself, and that I have businessto transact with the great Lord. And, in my private prayer, if, when I rise from my bed in the morning, I bow my knee andrepeat certain words, or when I retire to rest at night go through the same regular form, I rather sin than do anything thatis good, unless my very soul doth speak unto the Most High. Dost thou think that the King of heaven is delighted to hear theepronounce words with a frivolous tongue, and a thoughtless mind? Thou knowest him not. He is a Spirit, and they that worshiphim must worship him in spirit and in truth. If thou hast any empty forms to prate, go and pour them out into the ears offools like thyself, but not before the Lord of Hosts. If thou hast certain words to utter, to which thou dost attach a superstitiousreverence, go and say them in the bedizened courts of the harlot Rome, but not before the glorious Lord of Zion. Thespiritual God seeks spiritual worshipers, and such he will accept, and only such; but the sacrifice of the wicked is anabomination unto the Lord, and only a sincere prayer is his delight.

Beloved, the gathering up of all our remarks is just this,-prayer is no trifle. It is an eminent and elevated act. It is ahigh and wondrous privilege. Under the old Persian Empire a few of the nobility were permitted at any time to come in untothe king, and this was thought to be the highest privilege possessed by mortals. You and I, the people of God, have a permit,a passport to come before the throne of heaven at any time we will, and we are encouraged to come therewith great boldness; but still let us not forget that it is no mean thing to be a courtier in the courts of heaven andearth, to worship him who made us and sustains us in being. Truly, when we attempt to pray, we may hear the voice saying outof the excellent glory: "Bow the knee." From all the spirits that behold the face of our Father who is in heaven, even now,I hear a voice which saith, "Oh, come let us worship and bow down, let us kneel before the Lord our Maker; for he is our God,andwe are the people of his pasture and the sheep of his hand. O worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness; fear beforehim all the earth."

II. Lest the glow and brilliance of the word "throne" should be too much for mortal vision, our text now presents us withthe soft, gentle radiance of that delightful word-"GRACE." We are called to the throne of grace, not to the throne of law. Rocky Sinai once was the throne of law, when God came to Paran with ten thousand of his holy ones.Who desired to draw near to that throne? Even Israel might not. Bounds were set about the mount, and if but a beast touchedthe mount, it was stoned or thrust through with a dart. O ye self-righteous ones who hope that you can obey the law, andthink that you can be saved by it, look to the flames that Moses saw, and shrink, and tremble, and despair. To that thronewe do not come now, for through Jesus the case is changed. To a conscience purged by the precious blood there is no angerupon the divine throne, though to our troubled minds-

"Once 'twas a seat of burning wrath,

And shot devouring flame;

Our God appeared consuming fire,

And jealous was his name."

And, blessed be God, we are not this morning to speak of the throne of ultimate justice. Before that we shall all come, andas many uf us as have believed will find it to be a throne of grace as well as of justice; for, he who sits upon that throneshall pronounce no sentence of condemnation against the man who is justified by faith. But I have not to call you this morningto the place from whence the resurrection-trumpet shall ring out so shrill and clear. Nor yet do wesee the angels with their vengeful swords come forth to smite the foes of God; not yet are the great doors of the pitopened to swallow up the enemies who would not have the Son of God to reign over them. We are still on praying ground andpleading terms with God, and the throne to which we are bidden to come, and of which we speak at this time, is the throneof grace. It is a throne set up on purpose for the dispensation of grace; a throne from which every utterance is an utteranceof grace;the scepter that is stretched out from it is the silver sceptre of grace; the decrees proclaimed from it are purposesof grace; the gifts that are scattered down its golden steps are gifts of grace; and he that sits upon the throne is graceitself. It is the throne of grace to which we approach when we pray; and let us for a moment or two think this over, by wayof consolatory encouragement to those who are beginning to pray; indeed, to all of us who are praying men and women.

If in prayer I come before a throne of grace, then the faults of my prayer will be overlooked. In beginning to pray, dear friends, you feel as if you did not pray. The groanings of your spirit, when you rise from yourknees are such that you think there is nothing in them. What a blotted, blurred, smeared prayer it is. Never mind; you arenot come to the throne of justice, else when God perceived the fault in the prayer he would spurn it,-your broken words, yourgaspings, and stammerings are before a throne of grace. When any one of us has presented his best prayer before God, ifhe saw it as God sees it, there is no doubt he would make great lamentation over it; for there is enough sin in the best prayerthat was ever prayed to secure its being cast away from God. But it is not a throne of justice I say again, and here is thehope for our lame, limping supplications. Our condescending King does not maintain a stately etiquette in his court like thatwhich has been observed by princes among men, where a little mistake or a flaw would secure the petitioner's being dismissedwith disgrace. Oh, no; the faulty cries of his children are not severely criticized by him. The Lord High Chamberlain of thepalace above, our Lord Jesus Christ, takes care to alter and amend every prayer before he presents it, and he makes the prayerperfect with his perfection, and prevalent with His own merits. God looks upon the prayer, as presented through Christ,and forgives all its own inherent faultiness. How this ought to encourage any of us who feel ourselves to be feeble, wandering,and unskillful in prayer. If you cannot plead with God as sometimes you did in years gone by, if you feel as if somehow orother you had grown rusty in the work of supplication, never give over, but come still, yea and come oftener, for it is nota throne of severe criticism, it is a throne of grace to which you come.

Then, further, inasmuch as it is a throne of grace, the faults of the petitioner himself shall not prevent the success of his prayer. Oh, what faults there are in us! To come before a throne how unfit we are-we, that are all defiled with sin within and without!Dare any of you think of praying were it not that God's throne is a throne of grace? If you could, I confess that I couldnot. An absolute God, infinitely holy and just, could not in consistency with hisdivine nature answer any prayer from such a sinner as I am, were it not that he has arranged a plan by which my prayercomes up no longer to a throne of absolute justice, but to a throne which is also the mercy-seat, the propitiation, the placewhere God meets sinners, through Jesus Christ. Ah, I could not say to you, "Pray," not even to you saints, unless it werea throne of grace, much less could I talk of prayer to you sinners; but now I will say this to every sinner here, though heshouldthink himself to be the worst sinner that ever lived, cry unto the Lord and seek him while he may be found. A throne ofgrace is a place fitted for you: go to your knees; by simple faith go to your Saviour, for he, he it is who is the throneof grace. It is in him that God is able to dispense grace unto the most guilty of mankind. Blessed be God, neither the faultsof the prayer nor yet of the suppliant shall shut out our petitions from the God who delights in broken and contrite hearts.

If it be a throne of grace, then the desires of the pleader will be interpreted. If I cannot find words in which to utter my desires, God in his grace will read my desires without the words. He takes themeaning of his saints, the meaning of their groans. A throne that was not gracious would not trouble itself to make out ourpetitions; but God, the infinitely gracious One, will dive into the soul of our desires, and he will read there what we cannotspeak with thetongue. Have you never seen the parent, when his child is trying to say something to him, and he knows very well whatit is the little one has got to say, help him over the words and utter the syllables for him, and if the little one has half-forgottenwhat he would say, you have seen the father suggest the word: and so the ever-blessed Spirit, from the throne of grace, willhelp us and teach us words, nay, write in our hearts the desires themselves. We have in Scripture instances where Godputs words into sinners' mouths. "Take with you words," saith he, "and say unto him, Receive us graciously and love usfreely." He will put the desires, and put the expression of those desires into your spirit by his grace; he will direct yourdesires to the things which you ought to seek for; he will teach you your wants, though as yet you know them not; he willsuggest to you his promises that you may be able to plead them; he will, in fact, be Alpha and Omega to your prayer, justas he is toyour salvation; for as salvation is from first to last of grace, so the sinner's approach to the throne of grace is ofgrace from first to last. What comfort is this. Will we not, my dear friends, with the greater boldness draw near to thisthrone, as we suck out the sweet meaning of this precious word, "the throne of grace"?

If it be a throne of grace, then all the wants of those who come to it will be supplied. The King from off such a throne will not say, "Thou must bring to Me gifts, thou must offer to Me sacrifices." It is nota throne for receiving tribute; it is a throne for dispensing gifts. Come, then, ye who are poor as poverty itself; come yethat have no merits and are destitute of virtues, come ye that are reduced to a beggarly bankruptcy by Adam's fall and byyour owntransgressions; this is not the throne of majesty which supports itself by the taxation of its subjects, but a thronewhich glorifies itself by streaming forth like a fountain with floods of good things. Come ye, now, and receive the wine andmilk which are freely given, yea, come buy wine and milk without money and without price. All the petitioner's wants shallbe supplied, because it is a throne of grace.

And so, all the petitioner's miseries shall be compassionated. Suppose I come to the throne of grace with the burden of my sins; there is one on the throne who felt the burden of sin inages long gone by, and has not forgotten its weight. Suppose I come loaded with sorrow; there is One there who knows all thesorrows to which humanity can be subjected. Am I depressed and distressed? Do I fear that God himself has forsaken me? Thereis One upon the throne who said,"My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" It is a throne from which grace delights to look upon the miseries of mankindwith tender eye, to consider them and to relieve them. Come, then; come, then; come, then, ye that are not only poor, butwretched, whose miseries make you long for death, and yet dread it. Ye captive ones, come in your chains; ye slaves, comewith the irons upon your souls; ye who sit in darkness, come forth all blindfold as you are. The throne of grace will lookon you ifyou cannot look on it, and will give to you, though you have nothing to give in return, and will deliver you, though youcannot raise a finger to deliver yourself.

"The throne of grace." The word grows as I turn it over in my mind, and to me it is a most delightful reflection that if Icome to the throne of God in prayer, I may feel a thousand defects, but yet there is hope. I usually feel more dissatisfiedwith my prayers than with anything else I do. I do not believe that it is an easy thing to pray in public so as to conductthe devotions of a large congregation aright. We sometimes hear persons commended for preaching well, butif any shall be enabled to pray well, there will be an equal gift and a higher grace in it. But, brethren, suppose inour prayers there should be defects of knowledge: it is a throne of grace, and our Father knoweth that we have need of thesethings. Suppose there should be defects of faith: he sees our little faith and still doth not reject it, small as it is. Hedoth not in every case measure out his gifts by the degree of our faith, but by the sincerity and trueness of faith. And ifthereshould be grave defects in our spirit even, and failures in the fervency or in the humility of the prayer, still, thoughthese should not be there and are much to be deplored; grace overlooks all this, forgives all this, and still its mercifulhand is stretched out to enrich us according to our needs. Surely this ought to induce many to pray who have not prayed, andshould make us who have been long accustomed to use the consecrated art of prayer, to draw near with greater boldness thanever tothe throne of grace.

III. But, now regarding our text as a whole, it conveys to us the idea of GRACE ENTHRONED. It is a throne, and who sits onit? It is grace personified that is here installed in dignity. And, truly, to-day grace is on a throne. In the gospel of JesusChrist grace is the most predominant attribute of God. How comes it to be so exalted? We reply, well, grace has a throne by conquest. Grace came down to earth in the form of the Well-beloved, and it met with sin. Longand sharp was the struggle, and grace appeared to be trampled under foot of sin; but grace at last seized sin, threw iton its own shoulders, and, though all but crushed beneath the burden, grace carried sin up to the cross and nailed it there,slew it there, put it to death for ever, and triumphed gloriously. For this cause at this hour grace sits on a throne, becauseit has conquered human sin, has borne the penalty of human guilt, and overthrown all its enemies.

Grace, moreover, sits on the throne because it has established itself there by right. There is no injustice in the grace of God. God is as just when he forgives a believer as when he casts a sinner into hell.I believe in my own soul that there is as much and as pure a justice in the acceptance of a soul that believes in Christ asthere will be in the rejection of those souls who die impenitent, and are banished from Jehovah's presence. The sacrificeof Christ hasenabled God to be just, and yet the justifier of him that believeth. He who knows the word "substitution," and can spellits meaning aright, will see that there is nothing due to punitive justice from any believer, seeing that Jesus Christ haspaid all the believer's debts, and now God would be unjust if he did not save those for whom Christ vicariously suffered,for whom his righteousness was provided, and to whom it is imputed. Grace is on the throne by conquest, and sits there byright.

Grace is enthroned this day, brethren, because Christ has finished his work and gone into the heavens. It is enthroned in power. When we speak of its throne, we mean that it has unlimited might. Grace sits not on the footstool of God; grace stands notin the courts of God, but it sits on the throne; it is the regnant attribute; it is the king to-day. This is the dispensationof grace, the year of grace: grace reigns through righteousness unto eternal life. We livein the era of reigning grace, for seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for the sons of men, Jesus is able also tosave them to the uttermost that come unto God by him. Sinner, if you were to meet grace in the by-way, like a traveller onhis journey, I would bid you make its acquaintance and ask its influence; if you should meet grace as a merchant on the exchange,with treasure in his hand, I would bid you court its friendship, it will enrich you in the hour of poverty; if you shouldseegrace as one of the peers of heaven, highly exalted, I would bid you seek to get its ear; but, oh, when grace sits onthe throne, I beseech you close in with it at once. It can be no higher, it can be no greater, for it is written "God is love,"which is an alias for grace. Oh, come and bow before it; come and adore the infinite mercy and grace of God. Doubt not, halt not, hesitatenot. Grace is reigning; grace is God; God is love. Oh that you, seeing grace is thus enthroned, would comeand receive it. I say, then, that grace is enthroned by conquest, by right, and by power, and, I will add, it is enthronedin glory, for God glorifies his grace. It is one of his objects now to make his grace illustrious. He delights to pardon penitents,and so to show his pardoning grace; he delights to look upon wanderers and restore them, to show his reclaiming grace; hedelights to look upon the broken-hearted and comfort them, that he may show his consoling grace. There is a grace to behad of various kinds, or rather the same grace acting different ways, and God delights to make his grace glorious. Thereis a rainbow round about the throne like unto an emerald, the emerald of his compassion and his love. O happy souls that canbelieve this, and believing it can come at once and glorify grace by becoming instances of its power.

IV. Lastly, our text, if rightly read, has in it SOVEREIGNTY RESPLENDENT IN GLORY,-THE GLORY OF GRACE. The mercy seat is athrone; though grace is there, it is still a throne. Grace does not displace sovereignty. Now, the attribute of sovereigntyis very high and terrible; its light is like unto a jasper stone, most precious, and like unto a sapphire stone, or, as Ezekielcalls it, "the terrible crystal." Thus saith the King, the Lord of hosts: "I will have mercy on whomI will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion." "Who art thou, O man, that repliest againstGod? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?" "Hath not the potter power over the clayto make of the same lump one vessel unto honour and another unto dishonour?" These are great and terrible words, and are notto be answered. He is a King, and he will do as he wills. None shall stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou? But,ah!lest any of you should be downcast by the thought of his sovereignty, I invite you to the text. It is a throne,-thereis sovereignty; but to every soul that knows how to pray, to every soul that by faith comes to Jesus, the true mercy seat,divine sovereignty wears no dark and terrible aspect, but is full of love. It is a throne of grace; from which I gather thatthe sovereignty of God to a believer, to a pleader, to one who comes to God in Christ, is always exercised in pure grace.To you,to you who come to God in prayer, the sovereignty always runs thus: "I will have mercy on that sinner; though he deservesit not, though in him there is no merit, yet because I can do as I will with my own, I will bless him, I will make him mychild, I will accept him; he shall be mine in the day when I make up my jewels." On the mercy seat God never executed sovereigntyotherwise than in a way of grace. He reigns, but in this case grace reigns through righteousness unto eternal life by JesusChrist our Lord.

There are these two or three things to be thought of, and I have done. On the throne of grace sovereignty has placed itselfunder bonds of love. I must speak with words choice and picked here, and I must hesitate and pause to get the right sentences,lest I err while endeavouring to speak the truth in plainness. God will do as he wills; but, on the mercy seat, he is underbonds-bonds of his own making, for he has entered into covenant with Christ, and so into covenantwith his chosen. Though God is and ever must be a sovereign, he never will break his covenant, not alter the word thatis gone out of his mouth. He cannot be false to a covenant of his own making. When I come to God in Christ, to God on themercy seat, I need not imagine that by any act of sovereignty God will set aside his covenant. That cannot be: it is impossible.

Moreover, on the throne of grace, God is again bound to us by his promises. The covenant contains in it many gracious promises,exceeding great and precious. "Ask and it shall be given you; seek and ye shall find; knock and it shall be opened unto you."Until God had said that word or a word to that effect, it was at his own option to hear prayer or not, but it is not so now;for now, if it be true prayer offered through Jesus Christ, his truth binds him to hear it. A manmay be perfectly free, but the moment he makes a promise, he is not free to break it; and the everlasting God wants notto break his promise. He delights to fulfil it. He hath declared that all his promises are yea and amen in Christ Jesus; but,for our consolation when we survey God under the high and terrible aspect of a sovereign, we have this to reflect on, thathe is under covenant bonds of promise to be faithful to the souls that seek him. His throne must be a throne of grace to hispeople.

And, once more, and sweetest thought of all, every covenant promise has been endorsed and sealed with blood, and far be itfrom the everlasting God to pour scorn upon the blood of his dear Son. When a king has given a charter to a city, he may beforehave been absolute, and there may have been nothing to check his prerogatives, but when the city has its charter, then itpleads its rights before the king. Even thus God has given to his people a charter of untold blessings,bestowing upon them the sure mercies of David. Very much of the validity of a charter depends upon the signature and theseal, and, my brethren, how sure is the charter of covenant grace. The signature is the hand-writing of God himself, and theseal is the blood of the Only-begotten. The covenant is ratified with blood, the blood of his own dear Son. It is not possiblethat we can plead in vain with God when we plead the blood-sealed covenant, ordered in all things and sure. Heaven and earthshall pass away, but the power of the blood of Jesus with God can never fail. It speaks when we are silent, and it prevailswhen we are defeated. Better things than that of Abel doth it ask for, and its cry is heard. Let us come boldly, for we hearthe promise in our hearts. When we feel alarmed because of the sovereignty of God, let us cheerfully sing-

"The gospel bears my spirit up,

A faithful and unchanging God

Lays the foundation for my hope

In oaths, and promises, and blood."

May God the Holy Spirit help us to use aright from this time forward "the throne of grace." Amen.

Rome, Dec. 7, 1871.


Beloved in the Lord, having felt it to be my duty to leave England for a short time to prevent a return of my former complaint,I am bound gratefully to acknowledge the good hand of the Lord upon me during my sojourn abroad. I hope to return in a briefseason, so strengthened as to continue to labour on for a considerable period without another pause. I take this opportunityof thanking my affectionate church and kind friends, for their innumerable acts of generoussympathy, in aiding our College and Orphanage, and especially for those many prayers which were turned to my comfort andhealing in my late illness, and are the means of my upholding in my ever-growing service for the Lord. The Lord return intotheir bosoms a thousandfold the good which faithful friends have implored for me, and make me more than ever the means ofblessing to them by ministry.

Just now I implore a renewal of those prayers with increased earnestness, for a revival of religion is greatly needed; andit would be a sure evidence of its speedy coming, if believers united in prayer for it. Already the flame is kindled at theTabernacle, but it needs to be fanned into a mighty conflagration. Our country requires a divine visitation, and the promiseof it only needs to be pleaded to be fulfilled. Brethren, as one man, cry mightily to the God of our LordJesus Christ, the Father of glory, beseeching him to put his hand to the work, and magnify his Son in the eyes of allthe people. Standing where Satan's seat is, in the midst of ten thousand idols, I beseech those who worship God in the spiritto wrestle in prayer for times of refreshing, that all lands may know that Jesus Christ is Lord. How long shall the name ofJesus be blasphemed by the idolatries of Antichrist? It may be that the times of darkness will last till the children of lightcryout bitterly, day and night, by reason of soul anguish. Then will God avenge his own elect, and that speedily.

As I have trodden the Appian way I have rejoiced that Jesus, whom Paul preached, is yet alive, and is certain in due seasonto put down his enemies. Already he has desolated the Colosseum where his faithful martyrs poured forth their blood; the paganpower has fallen, and so also shall the papal, and all other which opposes his kingdom. Let us proclaim a spiritual crusade,and set up our banners by redoubled prayer. It is certain that supplication produces marvellousresults in heaven and earth; its power is proven in our own personal experience, and throughout the history of the church.Brethren, LET US PRAY.

Yours, for Jesus' sake,