Sermon 1016. Beauty for Ashes

(No. 1016)

Delivered by

C. H. SPURGEON,

At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington

"To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praisefor the spirit of heaviness, that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might beglorified."-Isaiah 61:3.

WHEN SOLDIERS ARE ON THE MARCH, or advancing to the battle, military men think it wise to let the trumpet sound, that thewarriors may be stimulated by the thrilling music. Many a weary soldier has tramped on with new vigor when the band has struckup a lively march, or a soul-moving tune. In the midst of our present Christian service, my brethren, when I trust all ofyou have resolved to come to the help of the Lord-to the help of the Lord against the mighty-we wouldbid the silver trumpets of gospel promise sound aloud, that the hosts of God as they march on in battle array may feeltheir pulses quickened and their souls cheered. May times of revival be also seasons of refreshing. In times of great toiland eminent service much extra refreshment may with wisdom be dealt out. Harvest men require substantial meals amid theirexhausting toil; and, as I feel that the Lord of the harvest would not have his laborers treated niggardly, I have to regaleeach ofyou with a portion of bread, a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. Melchisedek met Abraham with bread and wine-noton some fine holiday when he had been musing in the plains of Mamre, but when he returned from the slaughter of the kings.After hard fighting comes sweet refreshment, and any here who have striven diligently to serve the Master, and have been pursuingtheir sacred calling even unto faintness, will be entitled to come and sit down, and partake of the nourishing bread andwine, which such a text as this prepares for all the sons of the Father of the faithful. Elijah ate of bread brought byangelic hands, for a forty days' journey was before him; such a trial of strength may be ordained for brethren to whom thisword shall come. Precious promises are for poverty-stricken saints. The strong drink of divine consolation is for the heavyof heart, as saith Solomon-"Let him drink and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more." May he who uttered thewordswhich are now open before us speak them with power to the heart of each one here present. They came from the lips of Jesus;may they drop again into our hearts fresh from his mouth (that well of comfort undefiled), and fall with all their ancientlife-giving power.

We will read our text again, and then meditate thereon. "To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beautyfor ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called treesof righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified."

Our first consideration will be, who gives this word? Secondly, to whom doth he give it? Thirdly, what saith he in it? And, fourthly, what will come of it?

I. First then, WHO GIVES THIS WORD? It is a word to mourners in Zion, meant for their consolation. But who gives it? The answeris not far to seek. It comes from him who said, "The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me," "he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted."Now, in a very inferior and subordinate sense, Christian ministers have the Spirit of God resting upon them, and they aresent to bind up the broken-hearted; but they can only do so in the name of Jesus, and instrength given from him. This word is not spoken by them, nor by prophets or apostles either, but by the great Lord andMaster of apostles and prophets, and ministers, even by Jesus Christ himself. If he declares that he will comfort us, thenwe may rest assured we shall be comforted! The stars in his right hand may fail to penetrate the darkness, but the risingof the Sun of Righteousness effectually scatters the gloom. If the consolation of Israel himself comes forth for the upliftingof hisdowncast people, then their doubts and fears may well fly apace, since his presence is light and peace.

But, who is this anointed one who comes to comfort mourners? He is described in the preface to the text as a preacher. "The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath appointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek." Remember what kind of preacher Jesus was. "Never man spake like this man." He was a son of consolationindeed. It was said of him, "A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench." He was gentlenessitself: his speech did not fall like a hail shower, it dropped like the rain, and distilled as the dew, as the small rainupon the tender herb. He came down like the soft vernal shower upon the new-mown grass, scattering refreshment and revivalwherever his words were heard. The widow at the gates of Nain dried her eyes when he spake, and Jairus no longer mourned forhis child. Magdalene gave over weeping, and Thomas ceased from doubting, when Jesus showed himself. Heavy hearts leaped forjoy,and dim eyes sparkled with delight at his bidding. Now, if such be the person who declares he will comfort the broken-hearted,if he be such a preacher, we may rest assured he will accomplish his work.

In addition to his being a preacher, he is described as a physician. "He hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted." Some hearts want more than words. The choicest consolations that can beconveyed in human speech will not reach their case; the wounds of their hearts are deep, they are not flesh cuts, but horriblegashes which lay bare the bone, and threaten ere long to kill unless they be skilfully closed. It is, therefore, a great joyto know that the generousfriend who, in the text, promises to deal with the sorrowing, is fully competent to meet the most frightful cases. JehovahRophi is the name of Jesus of Nazareth; he is in his own person the Lord that healeth us. He is the beloved physician of men'ssouls. "By his stripes we are healed." Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses, and he is able now with a wordto heal all our diseases, whatever they may be. Joy to you, ye sons of mourning; congratulation to you, ye daughters ofdespondency: he who comes to comfort you can not only preach with his tongue, but he can bind up with his hand. "He healeththe broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds. He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names."

As if this were not enough, our gracious helper is next described as a liberator. "He hath sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound." There were manydowncast persons in Israel in the olden times-persons who had become bankrupt, and, therefore, had lost their estates, andhad even sunk yet further into debt, till they were obliged to sell their children into slavery, and to become themselvesbondsmen. Theiryoke was very heavy, and their trouble was very sore. But the fiftieth year came round, and never was there heard musicso sweet in all Judea's land, as when the silver trumpet was taken down on the jubilee morn, and a loud shrill blast was blownin every city, and hamlet, and village, in all Israel, from Dan even to Beer-sheba. What meant that clarion sound? It meantthis: "Israelite, thou art free. If thou hast sold thyself, go forth without money for the year of jubilee has come." Go back,go back, ye who have lost your lands; seek out the old homestead, and the acres from whence ye have been driven: theyare yours again. Go back, and plough, and sow, and reap once more, and sit each man under his vine and his fig-tree, for allyour heritages are restored. This made great joy among all the tribes, but Jesus has come with a similar message. He, too,publishes a jubilee for bankrupt and enslaved sinners. He breaks the fetters of sin, and gives believers the freedom of thetruth.None can hold in captivity the souls whom Jesus declares to be the Lord's free men.

Surely, if the Savior has power, as the text declares, to proclaim liberty to the captive, and if he can break open prisondoors, and set free those convicted and condemned, he is just the one who can comfort your soul and mine, though we be mourningin Zion. Let us rejoice at his coming, and cry Hosanna, blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. Happy are we thatwe live in an age when Jesus breaks the gates of brass and cuts the bars of iron in sunder.

As if this were not all and not enough, one other matter is mentioned concerning our Lord, and he is pictured as being sentas the herald of good tidings of all sorts to us the sons of men. Read the second verse: "To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord." God has taken uponhimself human flesh. The infinite Jehovah came down from heaven and became an infant, lived among us, and then died for us.Behold in the person of the incarnate God the sure pledge of divinebenevolence. "He that spared not his own Son, but freely delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freelygive us all things?" Beloved, the very fact that a Savior came to the world should be a source of hope to us, and when wethink what a Savior he was, how he suffered, how he finished the work that was given him to do, and what a salvation it iswhich he has wrought out for us, we may well feel that the comfort of mourners is work for which he is well suited, and whichhecan execute most effectually. How beautiful upon Olivet and Calvary are the feet of him that bringeth, in his person andhis world "good tidings, that publisheth peace, that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation." But I mustnot linger. I have spoken of you enough to lead your thoughts to the blessed person who here declares that he will comfortthe mourner. May the Holy Ghost reveal him unto you in all the power of his arm, the love of his heart, the virtue of hisblood, theprevalence of his plea, the majesty of his exaltation, and the glory of his character.

II. Secondly, TO WHOM IS THIS WORD SPOKEN? It is spoken to those who mourn in Zion. They are in Zion. They are the Lord'speople, but they mourn. To mourn is not always a mark of grace. Nature mourns. Fallen human nature will have to mourn forever, except grace shall change it. But the mourning here meant is a mourning in Zion-a mourning of gracious souls. Let metry and describe what kind of mourning it is. It assumes various shapes. It begins in most hearts withlamentation over past sin. I have broken God's just commandments, I have done evil against my God, I have destroyed my soul; my heart feels this, andbitterly mourns. It is one thing to say formally, "I am a miserable sinner;" it is a very different thing to be one. To sayit may be gross hypocrisy, to feel it is a mark of grace. Oh that every one of us, if we have never felt mourning for sinmay feel it at this hour. May we mourn to think that we have pierced the Savior, that we havetransgressed against a God so good, and a Redeemer so generous. Those who mourn for the guilt of past sin, before long,reach a higher point. Mourners are not suffered long to tarry; grace takes their load of guilt away. Their transgressionsare covered. Do they leave off mourning then? Oh, no, they mourn in another way. There is a sweet mourning concerning my pastsin which I would never wish to lose. It is forgiven, every sin of mine is blotted out, and my soul, therefore, with a sweetbitterness, would mourn over it more and more.

"My sins, my sins, my Savior!

How sad on thee they fall,

Seen through thy gentle patience

I tenfold feel them all.

I know they are forgiven;

But still their pain to me

Is all the grief and anguish

They laid, my Lord, on thee."

This is a kind of mourning which may accompany us even to heaven's gates, and we might almost regret to have to part withsuch a friend even there.

"Lord, let me weep, for nought but sin,

And after none but thee.

And then I would-oh that I might-

A constant weeper be."

True hearts, however, mourn not only for their past transgressions, but they also sorrow over their present imperfections. If you are what you should be, dear friend, I am quite certain you see a great deal in yourself to grieve over. You cannotlive as you would live. Whenever I meet with a person who feels that he is perfect, I conceive at once that he has not yetattained even a remote conception of what true perfection must be. The savage of Australia issatisfied with his weapons of war so long as he has never seen a rifle or heard of a cannon: to him his hovel is a modelof architecture, for he has never heard of a cathedral or a palace. I have no doubt that a barn-door fowl would be quite surprisedat the complaint which an eagle might make about its inability to mount as high as it desires to do. The fowl is perfect-perfectup to the condition of its barn-door, barley-scratching life, it knows nothing higher than its roosting place, andso it concludes itself absolutely perfect and fit for all that is desirable in flight. But oh, could it know where thethunders dwell, and sail above the clouds where the callow lightnings wait the bidding of the Lord, then would the creaturefeel something of the aspirations and the griefs which torment the heart of the royal bird. Men know not what God is, northe infinity of his perfections, nor the majesty of his purity, else, when highest would they cry, "Higher, higher, higher,"and mournbecause they have not yet attained, and need still to mount as on eagle's wings. Brethren, I speak for you all when Isay, there is not a day in which our service satisfies us, not a deed we have ever performed that contents us. We see ourspots, and would fain wash them out with tears if we could, though we bless God they are removed by the precious blood ofJesus. Those are among the blessed who mourn because they cannot live a perfect life as they desire. To mourn after more holinessis asign of holiness, to mourn after greater conformity to the image of Christ proves that we are already in a measure conformedthereunto; to sigh after more complete subordination of our entire life to the will of God is a mourning for which Jesus Christwill bring rich comfort.

The Christian mourner laments, also, because he cannot be more continually in communion with God. He knows the sweetness of fellowship with the Father and with the Son. He cannot bear to have it broken. If but the thinnestcloud pass between him and the sun of God's love, he is distressed directly, for he is sensitive lest he should lose the delightsof communion. A native of sunny Italy deplores the absence of heaven's bright blue, when made to dwell in this landof the fleecy clouds; and he who has dwelt in unclouded fellowship with the Lord bemoans his hard lot, if even for awhilehe beholds not that face which is as the sun shining in its strength. Love cannot endure absence, much less, coldness. Truegrace finds its life in fellowship, and pines if it be denied it.

The real Christian mourns, again, because he cannot be more useful. He wishes he were like a pillar of fire and light, so that he might evermore by day and by night enlighten the ignorant,and inspire the dull and laggard. He wishes not so much for more talent as for more grace to make use of the talent whichhe has. He would fain bring in a great rental to the owner of the vineyard who has placed him as a husbandman among the vines.He longs to bring up pricelesspearls from the deep seas of sin, wherewith to adorn the diadem of his Lord and king. He sighs because thorns and thistleswill spring up where he looked for a hundred-fold harvest: this makes him groan out, "Who hath believed our report, and towhom is the arm of the Lord revealed?"

Moreover, like his Lord, he mourns for others. He mourns in Zion because of the deadness of the Christian church, its divisions, its errors, its carelessness towards thesouls of sinners. He cries with Jeremiah, "How is the gold become dim! How is the much fine gold changed!" But, he mournsmost of all for the unconverted. He sees their state of alienation from God, and knowing the danger of it, his heart shrinkswithin him, as with prophetic glance he sees whattheir end will be: when "there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth." His heart breaks for the sins and sorrows of others,and, like his Savior, he could weep over the cities that reject divine love; he could say like Moses that he was almost willingto have his name blotted out of the Book of Life if others might be saved: he feels such sorrow and heaviness of heart forhis kinsmen according to the flesh who are strangers to Christ, that he has no rest in his death concerning them. Dearbrethren, he that is quickened by the new life obtains an enlarged heritage of mourning; but, let it not be forgotten,he wins tenfold more joy as well; and, meanwhile, such weeping is in itself sweet-tears not too briny, and griefs not toobitter; such griefs we would wish to feel as long as we live, especially if the Lord Jesus alternates them with the fulfillingof that most excellent promise, to which I now direct you.

III. What is that, then, in the third place, WHICH IS SPOKEN in the text to those that mourn? I would draw particular attentionto the words here, "To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes." Come, mourning souls, whomourn in the way described, come ye gladly hither: there is comfort appointed for you, and there is also comfort given to you. It is the prerogative of King Jesus both to appoint and to give. How cheering is thethought that as our griefs are appointed, so also are our consolations. God has allotted a portion to every one of hismourners, even as Joseph allotted a mess to each of his brethren at the feast. You shall have your due share at the tableof grace, and if you are a little one, and have double sorrows, you shall have a double portion of comfort. "To appoint unto them." This is a word full of strong consolation; for if God appoints me a portion, who can deprive me of it? If heappointsmy comfort, who dare stand in the way? If he appoints it, it is mine by right. But then, to make the appointment secure,he adds the word "To give." The Holy One of Israel in the midst of Zion gives as well as appoints. The rich comforts of the gospel are conferred by theHoly Spirit, at the command of Jesus Christ, upon every true mourner in the time when he needs them; they are given to eachspiritual mourner in the time when he would faint for lack of them. He can effectually give thecomfort appointed for each particular case. All I can do is to speak of the comfort for God's mourners. I can neither allot it, nor yet distribute it; but our Lord can do both. My prayer isthat he may do so at this moment; that every holy mourner may have a time of sweet rejoicing while siting at the Master'sfeet in a waiting posture. Did you never feel, while cast down, on a sudden lifted up, when some precious promise has comehome to your soul? This is the happy experience of allthe saints.

"Sometimes a light surprises

The Christian while he sings:

It is the Lord who rises

With healing in his wings.

When comforts are declining,

He grants the soul again,

A season of clear shining

To cheer it, after rain."

Our ever gracious and almighty Lord knows how to comfort his children, and be assured he will not leave them comfortless.He who bids his ministers again and again attend to this duty, and says, "Comfort ye, comfort ye my people," will not himselfneglect to give them consolation. If you are very heavy, there is the more room for the display of his grace in you, by makingyou very joyful in his ways. Do not despair; do not say, "I have fallen too low, my harp has been solong upon the willows that it has forgotten Zion's joyful tunes." Oh, no, you shall lay your fingers amongst the old accustomedstrings, and the art of making melody shall come back to you, and your heart shall once more be glad. He appoints and he gives-thetwo words put together afford double hope to us-he appoints and he gives comfort to his mourners.

Observe, in the text, the change Christ promises to work for his mourners. First, here is beauty given for ashes. In the Hebrew there is a ring in the words which cannot be conveyed in the English. The ashes that men put upon their headin the East in the time of sorrow made a grim tiara for the brow of the mourner; the Lord promises to put all these ashesaway, and to substitute for them a glorious head dress-a diadem of beauty. Or, if we run away from theword, and take the inner sense, we may look at it thus:-mourning makes the face wan and emaciated, and so takes away thebeauty; but Jesus promises that he will so come and reveal joy to the sorrowing soul, that the face shall fill up again: theeyes that were dull and cloudy shall sparkle again, and the countenance, yea, and the whole person shall be once more radiantwith the beauty which sorrow had so grievously marred. I thank God I have sometimes seen this change take place in precioussaints who have been cast down in soul. There has even seemed to be a visible beauty put upon them when they have foundpeace in Jesus Christ, and this beauty is far more lovely and striking, because it is evidently a beauty of the mind, a spirituallustre, far superior to the surface comeliness of the flesh. When the Lord shines full upon his servants' faces, he makesthem fair as the moon, when at her full she reflects the light of the sun. A gracious and unchanging God sheds on his peopleagracious and unfading loveliness. O mourning soul, thou hast made thine eyes red with weeping, and thy cheeks are marredwith furrows, down which the scalding tears have burned their way; but the Lord that healeth thee, the Lord Almighty who wipethall tears from human eyes, shall visit thee yet; and, if thou now believes "in Jesus, he shall visit thee now, and chase thesecloudy griefs away, and thy face shall be bright and clear again, fair as the morning, and sparkling as the dew. Thou shaltrejoice in the God of thy salvation, even in God, thy exceeding joy. Is not this a dainty promise for mourning souls?

Then, it is added, "He will give the oil of joy for mourning." Here we have first beauty, and then unction. The Orientals used rich perfumed oils on their persons-used them largely andlavishly in times of great joy. Now, the Holy Spirit comes upon those who believe in Jesus, and gives them an anointing ofperfume, most precious, more sweet and costly than the herd of Araby. An unction, such as royalty has never received, shedsits costly moisture over all theredeemed when the Spirit of the Lord rests upon them. "We have an unction from the Holy One," saith the apostle. "Thouanointest my head with oil, my cup runneth over." Oh, how favored are those who have the Spirit of God upon them! You rememberthat the oil which was poured on Aaron's head went down to the skirts of his garment, so that the same oil was on his skirtsthat had been on his head. It is the same Spirit that rests on the believer as that which rests on Jesus Christ, and he thatisjoined unto Christ is one Spirit. What favor is here! instead of mourning, the Christian shall receive the Holy Spirit,the Comforter who shall take of the things of Christ, and reveal them unto him, and make him not merely glad, but honoredand esteemed.

Then, it is added, to give still greater fullness to the cheering promise, that the Lord will give "the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness." The man is first made beautiful, next he has the anointing, then afterwards he is arrayed in robes of splendor. What garmentsthese are! Surely Solomon in all his glory wore not such right royal apparel. "The garment of praise." what a dress is this!Speak of wrought gold, or fine linen, or needlework of diverscolors, or taffeta, or damasks, or gorgeous silks most rich and rare which come from far off lands-where is anything comparedwith "the garment of praise?" When a man wraps himself about, as it were, with psalmody, and lives for ever a chorister, singingnot with equal voice, but with the same earnest heart as they do who day and night keep up the never ending hymn before thethrone of the infinite! As, what a life is his, what a man is he! O mourner, this is to be your portion; take it now;Jesus Christ will cover you, even at this hour, with the garment of praise; so grateful shall you be for sins forgiven,for infirmity overcome, for watchfulness bestowed, for the church revived, for sinners saved, that you shall undergo the greatestconceivable change, and the sordid garments of your woe shall be put aside for the brilliant array of delight. It shall notbe the spirit of praise for the spirit of heaviness, though that were a fair exchange, but as your heavinessyou tried to keep to yourself, so your praise you shall not keep to yourself, it shall be a garment to you, external and visible, as well as inward and profound. Wherever you are it shall be displayed to others, and theyshall see and take knowledge of you that God has done great things for you whereof you are glad. I wish I had power to speakfitly on such a theme as this; but, surely, it needs him upon whom the Spirit rested without measure to proclaim this joyfulpromise to themourners in Zion.

We must close, by noticing what will be the result of this appointment, and text concludes, by saying, "That they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified." We learn, here, that those mourning souls who are cast down, and have put ashes on their heads, shall, when Jesus Christin infinite mercy comes to them, be made like trees-like "oaks;" the original is, like "oaks of righteousness," that is, theyshall becomestrong, firmly rooted, covered with verdure; they shall be like a well-watered tree for pleasantness and delight. Thousayest, "I am a dry tree, a sere branch, I am a cast off, fruitless bough; Oh that I were visited of God and saved! I mournbecause I cannot be what I would." Mourner, thou shalt be all thou wouldst be, and much more if Jesus visits thee. Breathethe prayer to him now; look to him, trust him. He can change thee from a withered tree that seems twice dead into a tree standingbythe rivers of water, whose leaf is unwithering, and whose fruit ripens in its season. Only have confidence in an anointedSavior, rely upon him who came not here to destroy but to bless, and thou shalt yet through faith become a tree of righteousness,the planting of the Lord, that he may be glorified.

But, the very pith of the text lies in a little word to which you must look. "Ye shall be called trees of righteousness." Now, there are many mourning saints who are trees of righteousness, but nobody calls them so, theyare so desponding that they give a doubtful idea to others. Observers ask, "Is this a Christian?" And those who watch andobserve them are not at all struck with their Christian character. Indeed, I may be speaking to some here who are truebelievers in Jesus, but they are all their lifetime subject to bondage; they hardly know themselves whether they are saved,and, therefore, they cannot expect that others should be very much impressed by their godly character and fruitful conversation.But, O mourners! if Jesus visits you, and gives you the oil of joy, men shall call you "trees of righteousness," they shallsee grace in you, they shall not be able to help owning it, it shall be so distinct in the happiness of your life, thatthey shall be compelled to see it. I know some Christian people who, wherever they go, are attractive advertisements ofthe gospel. Nobody could be with them for a half an hour without saying, "Whence do they gain this calm, this peace, thistranquility, this holy delight and joy?" Many have been attracted to the cross of Christ by the holy pleasantness and cheerfulconversation of those whom Christ has visited with the abundance of his love. I wish we were all such. I would not discourageamourner; no, but encourage him to seek after the garments of praise; nevertheless, I must say that it is a very wretchedthing for so many professors to go about the world grumbling at what they have and at what they have not, murmuring at thedispensations of providence, and at the labors of their brethren. They are more like wild crab-trees than the Lords fruit-trees.Well may people say, "If these are Christians, God save us from such Christianity." But, when a man is contented-more thanthat, when he is happy under all circumstances, when "his spirit doth rejoice in God his Savior" in deep distress, whenhe can sing in the fires of affliction, when he can rejoice on the bed of sickness, when his shout of triumph grows louderas his conflict waxes more and more severe, and when he can utter the sweetest song of victory in his departing moments, thenall who see such people call them trees of righteousness, they confess that they are the people of God.

Note, still, the result of all this goes further, "They shall he called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord," that is to say, where there is joy imparted, and unction given from the Holy Spirit, instead of despondency, men will say,"It is God's work, it is a tree that God has planted, it could not grow like that if anybody else had planted it; this manis a man of God's making, his joy is a joy of God's giving." I feel sure that in the case of some ofus we were under such sadness of heart before conversion, through a sense of sin, that when we did find peace, everybodynoticed the change there was in us, and they said one to another, "Who has made this man so happy, for he was just now mostheady and depressed?" And, when we told them where we lost our burden, they said, "Ah, there is something, in religion afterall." "Then said they among the heathen the Lord hath done great things for them." Remember poor Christian in Pilgrim's Progress.Mark what heavy sighs he heaved, what tears fell from his eyes, what a wretched man he was when he wrung his hands, andsaid, "The city wherein I dwell is to be burned up with fire from heaven, and I shall be consumed in it, and, besides, I ammyself undone by reason of a burden that lieth hard upon me. Oh that I could get rid of it!" Do you remember John Bunyan'sdescription of how he got rid of the burden? He stood at the foot of the cross, and there was a sepulcher hard by, and ashe stoodand looked, and saw one hanging on the tree, suddenly the bands that bound his burden cracked, and the load rolled rightaway into the sepulcher, and when he looked for it, it could not be found. And what did he do? Why, he gave three great leapsfor joy, and sang,

"Bless'd cross! bless'd sepulcher! bless'd rather

be the man that there was put to shame for me."

If those who knew the pilgrim in his wretchedness had met him on the other side of that never-to-be-forgotten sepulcher, theywould have said, "Are you the same man?" If Christiana had met him that day, she would have said, "My husband, are you thesame? What a change has come over you;" and, when she and the children marked the father's cheerful conversation, they couldhave been compelled to say, "It is the Lord's doing, and it is wondrous in our eyes." Oh live such ahappy life that you may compel the most wicked man to ask where you learned the art of living. Let the stream of yourlife be so clear, so limpid, so cool, so sparkling, so like the river of the water of life above, that men may say, "Whencecame this crystal rivulet? We will trace it to its source," and so may they be led to the foot of that dear cross where allyour hopes began.

Another word remains, and when we have considered it, we will conclude. That other word is this, "The planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified." That is the end of it all, that is the great result we drive at, and that is the object even of God himself, "that he mightbe glorified." For when men see the cheerful Christian, and perceive that this is God's work, then they own the power of God;not always, perhaps, with their hearts as they should, but stillthey are obliged to confess "this is the finger of God." Meanwhile, the saints, comforted by your example, praise andbless God, and all the church lifts up a song to the Most High. Come, my brethren and sisters, are any of you down; are youalmost beneath the enemy's foot? Here is a word for you, "Rejoice not over me, O mine enemy, though I fall yet shall I riseagain." Are any of you in deep trouble-very deep trouble? Another word then for you; "When thou passeth through the waters,I willbe with thee, and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt notbe burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee." Are you pressed with labors and afflictions? "As thy days so shall thystrength be," "All things work together for good to them that love God, to them that are the called according to his purpose."Are you persecuted? Here is a note of encouragement for you: "Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you,andshall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad; for great is your rewardin heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you." Whatever your circumstances are, "Rejoice in the Lordalways, and again I say rejoice." Think what Jesus has given you, your sins are pardoned for his name sake, your heaven ismade secure to you, and all that is wanted to bring you there; you have grace in your hearts, and glory awaits you; you havealready grace within you, and greater grace shall be granted you; you are renewed by the Spirit of Christ in your innerman the good work is begun, and God will never leave it till he has finished it; your names are in his book, nay, graven onthe palms of his hands; his love never changes, his power never diminishes, his grace never fails, his truth is firm as thehills, and his faithfulness is like the great mountains. Lean on the love of his heart, on the might of his arm, on the meritofhis blood, on the power of his plea, and the indwelling of his Spirit. Take such promises as these for your consolation,"Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees. Say to them that are of a fearful heart, be strong, fear not.""Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the Lord, and thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.""For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee. In a little wrath I hid my face fromtheefor a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the Lord thy Redeemer. For this is as thewaters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn thatI would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee. For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindnessshall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the Lord that hath mercy on thee." "Mygrace issufficient for thee, for my strength is made perfect in weakness." "He giveth power to the faint; and to them that haveno might he increaseth strength." "The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrustout the enemy from before thee; and shall say, destroy them." "I am God, I fail not, therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed."One might continue for ever quoting these precious passages, but may the Lord apply one or other of them to everymourner's soul; and, especially if there be a mourning sinner here, may he get a grip of that choice word, "Him that comethto me I will in no wise cast out;" or, that other grand sentence, "All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven untomen;" or, that other, "The blood of Jesus Christ, his Son, cleanseth us from all sin:" or, that equally encouraging word,"Come now, and let us reason together; though your sins be as scarlet they shall be as wool, though they be red like crimsontheyshall be as snow." The Lord bring us all into comfort and joy by the way of the cross.

Peradventure, I speak to some for whom the promises of God have no charm; let me, then, remind them that his threateningsare as sure as his promises. He can bless, but he can also curse. Be appoints mourning for those who laugh now with sinfulmerriment; he will give to his enemies vengeance for all their rebellions. He has himself said, "And it shall come to pass,that instead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well sethair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty." Beware, then, ye thatforget God, lest he overthrow you in his hot displeasure. Seek ye the Savior now, lest the acceptable year of the Lord beclosed with a long winter of utter despair.

"Ye who spurn his righteous sway,

Yet, oh yet, he spares your breath;

Yet his hand, averse to slay,

Balances the bolt of death.

Ere that dreadful bolt descends,

Haste before his feet to fall,

Kiss the scepter he extends,

And adore him, 'Lord of all.'"

PORTION OF SCRIPTURE READ BEFORE SERMON-Isaiah 61.

.......