Sermon 739. The Sin Offering

A sermon

(No. 739)

Delivered on Lord's-day Morning, MARCH 10, 1867, by


At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington

"If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he has sinned, a young bullwithout blemish unto the Lord for a sin offering."- Leviticus 4:3.

In the previous chapters of the book of Leviticus you read of the burnt offering, the peace offering, and the meat offering-alltypes our Lord Jesus Christ as seen from different points of view. Those three sacrifices were sweet savor offerings, andrepresent the Lord Jesus in His glorious Person and perfect righteousness as an offering of a sweet smell unto God. The chapterbefore us, the whole of which we shall require as a text, describes the sin offering, which, although quite distinct fromthe sweet savor offerings, is not altogether to be separated from them, for the Lord Jesus Christ viewed in any light is verydear unto His Father.

And even when beheld as a sin offering, He is elect and precious unto God, as we shall have to show you in the type beforeus. Still, the sin offering does not set forth the acceptance of the substitute before the Lord, but rather brings out theabhorrence which God has towards sin, the putting away from His holy Presence of everything upon which sin is laid. This morning,if God shall enable us, we hope to impress upon your minds, first of all, the great evil of sin. And secondly, the great andwonderful power of the blood of atonement by which sin is put away.

Without any further preface we shall invite you, in meditating upon the type before us, first, to consider our Lord Jesusas made sin for us. Secondly, we shall ask you to observe, carefully and prayerfully, His blood in its efficacy before theLord. And thirdly, we shall bid you look at His substitution in the shame which it involved.

I. First, Brethren, let us, by the aid of the Holy Spirit, view our blessed Lord as made sin for us, as He is here typifiedin the bull.

1. His personal Character is set forth before us in the victim chosen, namely, a young bull without blemish. It was a bull,the most valuable of the sacrifices-an animal laborious in life and costly in death. It was a young bull in the fullness ofits strength and vigor. It was without blemish and the slightest fault disqualified it from being laid upon the altar of God.Behold, O Believer, your Lord Jesus, more precious by far than ten thousands of the fat of fed beasts! A Sacrifice not tobe purchased with gold, or estimated in silver! Full of vigor, in the very prime of manhood, He offered up Himself for us!

Even when He died, He died not through weakness, for that cry of His at His death, "with a loud voice," proved that His lifewas still firm within Him and that when He gave up the ghost, His death was not one of compulsion but a voluntary expiringof the soul. His glory is as the firstling of the bull, full of vigor and of strength. How distinctly was our Lord provedto be without blemish! Naturally born without sin,practically He lived without fault. In Him there was neither deficiencynor excess. In no virtue did He come behind, and no fault could be found in Him. The prying eyes of the prince of this worldcould find nothing in Him, and the still more accurate search of the all-seeing God found no fault in


This spotlessness was necessary, for how could He have been made an offering for our sin if it had not been true that personally,"He knew no sin"? Shall one bankrupt stand in the debtor's court as a substitute for another? How shall one penniless wretchpay the debt of another who is about to be cast into prison? If the king requires service of any man, how shall another fromwhom service is equally due, offer himself as a substitute for him? No, the Savior of others must have no obligations of Hisown. He must owe no personal debts. There must be no claims on the part of justice against Him, on His own account, or Hecannot stand "the Just for the unjust," to expiate the sins of men.

You holy souls, feast your eyes upon the spotless Son of God! You pure in heart, delight your purified vision with a sightof His perfections! You shall one day be like He-this will be your Heaven! Meanwhile make it your rapture, your

Paradise on earth, to gaze upon the unrivaled beauties of the Altogether Lovely. "In Him was no sin." In Him was all excellence.His body and soul are alike-white as the lily for holiness-though made by suffering red as the rose. Alabaster and brightivory overlaid with sapphires are but dull and soiled types of His purity. Come, you virgin souls, and let the eyes of yourholy love survey Him that you may see how fit He was to suffer as "the Just for the unjust, to bring us to


The act of transference of sin to the victim next calls for our attention. You will have noticed, in reading the chapter,that our Lord's being made sin is set forth to us by the very significant transfer of sin to the bull, which was made by thepriest, or by the elders of the people, as the case might be. We are expressly told, "He shall lay his hands upon the bull'shead," which act, our good Dr. Watts has interpreted in his well-known verse-

"My faith would lay her hands

On that dear head of Yours,

While like a penitent I stand;

And there confess my sin."

This laying of the hand does not appear to have been a mere touch of contact, but in some other places of Scripture has themeaning of leaning heavily, as in the expression, "Your wrath lies hard upon me" (Psa. 88:7).

Surely this is the very essence and nature of faith, which does not only bring us into contact with the great Substitute,but teaches us to lean upon Him with all the burden of our guilt, so that if our sins are very weighty, yet we see Him asable to bear them all! And mark, the whole weight of our iniquity taken off from us, who must have been crushed to the lowestHell thereby, and laid on Him who took the weight and bore it all, and then buried it in His sepulcher forever! From of oldit was decreed, "The Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all."

Jehovah made to meet upon the head of the Substitute all the offenses of His covenant people. But each one of the chosen isbrought personally to ratify this solemn covenant act of the great God, when by Grace he is enabled by faith to put his handsupon the head of the "Lamb slain from before the foundation of the world." My fellow Believers, do you remember that rapturousday? My soul recalls her day of deliverance with delight! Laden with guilt and full of fears, I saw my Savior willing to bemy Substitute, and I laid my hand, oh, how timidly at first, but courage grew and confidence was confirmed!

I leaned my soul entirely upon Him, and now it is my unceasing joy to know that my sins are no longer imputed to me, but laidon Him! And like the debts of the poor wounded traveler, Jesus, like the good Samaritan, has said of all my future sinfulness,"Set that to my account." Oh, blessed discovery, sweet solace of a repenting heart!-

"My numerous sins transferred to Him, Shall never more be found! Lost in His blood's atoning stream Where every crime is drowned!"

We must now beg your notice of the sins transferred. In the case of the type, they were sins of ignorance. Alas, the Jew knewnothing about a sin offering for sins of presumption but there is such a sin offering for us. Our presumptuous sins were laidon Christ. Our willful sins. Our sins of light and knowledge are pardoned by His blood. The mention of sins of ignorance suggestsa very comfortable reflection, that if there are any sins which I know not, they were, notwithstanding my ignorance, laidon my Substitute and put away by His Atonement. It is not sin as we see it which was laid on Christ, but sin as God sees it-notsin as our conscience feebly reveals it to us, but sin as God beholds it-in all its unmitigated malignity and unconcealedloathsomeness.

Sin in its exceeding sinfulness Jesus has put away. Not sham sin, but real sin-sin as before the Lord, sin as sin- Jesus hasmade an end of. Child of God, you will not misuse this Truth of God and deny the need of repentance, for you well know thatyou cannot practically feel the power of this blood except as your sin is known to you. This, indeed, is intimated in thetype, for, according to verse fourteen, the bull was only offered when the sin was known. It was to be laid by the eldersupon the head of the bull when the sin was no longer hidden from the eyes of the congregation.

Sin unknown, the sacrifice is unheeded. It is only as you know and perceive sin that you can consciously know and prize theAtonement by which it is taken away. Mark, it is when you perceive sin that then you are to trust the blood- not when youperceive holiness in yourself, and goodness and virtue-but when you perceive sin, and iniquity, and de-

filement! It is then you are to lay your hands upon the head of the great Atoning Sacrifice. Jesus is a sinner's Savior. "Ifany man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous."

It is not written, "If any man is holy, he has an Advocate," but, "if any man sins, we have an Advocate," so that in all oursin and iniquity, blackness and defilement-when overwhelmed with our own vileness-we may still come to Christ and believethat our most horrible and detestable sins were laid upon Him. And over and above that, those sins which we do not feel, whichmay be even more detestable, even those, and what is more, the sinfulness of our nature it-self-that black and polluted fountfrom which the streams of our trespasses take their rise-the guilt of all actual and original sin was laid upon Jesus andby Him forever put away!

Passing on, still keeping to the same point, we would remark that the sin was laid upon the bull most conspicuously "beforethe Lord." Did you notice the frequent expressions: "shall bring him to the door of the congregation before the Lord"? "Killthe bull before the Lord"? "Shall sprinkle the blood seven times before the Lord, and shall put some of it upon the hornsof the altar of sweet incense before the Lord"? Clearly the most important part of the sacrifice was not before the people,but before the Lord. All that the onlookers outside could have seen was the bull, when dead, carried by the priests outsidethe camp.

Some of them who came nearer might have seen the pouring of the blood at the bottom of the bronze altar, but they certainlynever did and never could see the priest sprinkle the blood towards the veil, nor yet see him put it upon the horns of thegolden altar-for the court of the priest was concealed from their view. We are very much mistaken if we think that the ceremoniesof Jews were much seen by the people. They were mainly unseen except by the priests. The ritual of the Old Covenant must havebeen very little a matter of sight, for the Israelite, pure and simple, never penetrated beyond the first court. He stoodbefore the bronze altar and he never went further.

All that was done in the next court of the priests, and especially all that was done in the Most Holy Place, must have beenentirely a matter offaith to all the people. The fact was, the sacrifices were not so much for men to look at as for God Himselfto gaze upon, and though this may seem to you a strange observation, there is no little value in it. You will hear men nowadayssay that the purpose of Atonement has reference to men and not to God. Depend upon it, there is a fatal error in this doctrineand we must denounce it!

Although its advocates take some few expressions of certain of our hymns and pretend to believe that we teach that the bloodplacated an angry God, we never taught anything of the kind and they know we never did! Yet we are not to be frightened intodenying or qualifying our assertion that the action of God towards man has been wondrously affected by the Atonement of Christ.God the Judge would have condemned us to punishment had not Jesus suffered in our place, so that, in justice, we might bepermitted to go free. Not only is man made willing to love God by the manifestation of the love of God in Christ Jesus, butit has become possible for God to extend the hand of amity towards sinful man through the Atonement! And this would not havebeen possible, consistently with the Divine attributes, if it had not been for the atoning Sacrifice.

We must still stand to it, that the blood is not merely a comfort to the wounded conscience, but is really a satisfactionto Divine Justice. It is a covering, a propitiation, a Mercy Seat for the Most Holy God. That is a striking passage concerningthe Passover and the destroying angel in Egypt. Thus spoke Jehovah, "When I see the blood, I will pass over you." It was not,"When you see the blood." The spared ones did not see the blood at that moment, for, you will remember, they were all insidethe house feasting upon the lamb. The father of the family had put the blood outside upon the lintel and the side-posts, notfor the inmates to see, but for God to see!

And so, though a sight of the precious blood, thanks be to God, does bring us faith, and joy, and peace, yet the real workof our salvation is not the effect of the blood upon us, but the effect of the blood upon God Himself! Not, it is true, achange produced in God, but a change which is thus produced in the action of Divine Justice. Apart from the blood we are guiltyand condemned-washed in the blood, we are accepted and beloved. Without the Atonement we are aliens and strangers, heirs ofwrath even as others. But, as seen in the eternal covenant purpose, through the precious blood of Jesus, we are accepted inthe Beloved. The great stress of the transaction lies in its being done "before the Lord."

Still, further, carefully observe that as soon as ever the sin was thus "before the Lord," laid upon the bull, the bull wasslain. "He shall lay his hands upon the bull's head, and kill the bull before the Lord." So, in the fifteenth verse, "The

elders of the congregation shall lay their hands upon the head of the bull before the Lord, and the bull shall be killed beforethe Lord."

Ah, yes. As soon as the sin is transferred, the penalty is transferred, too. Down fell the pole-axe the minute that the priestlyhands had been laid on the bull. Unsheathed was the bloody knife of sacrifice the moment that the elders had begun to leanupon the sacrificial head. So was it with our Savior. He must smart, He must die-for only as dying could He become our sinoffering. Ah, Brethren, those who would preach Christ, but not Christ crucified, miss the very soul and essence of our holyfaith. "Let Him come down from the Cross, and we will believe in Him," is the Unitarian cry! Anything but a crucified God!

But there, indeed, lies the secret of that mystery, and the very core and kernel of our confidence. A reigning Savior I dorejoice in! The thought of the splendor yet to come makes glad our eyes! But after all, it is a bleeding Savior that is thesinner's hope. It is to the Cross, the center of misery, that the sinner turns his eyes for comfort, rather than to the starsof Bethlehem, or to the blazing sun of the millennial kingdom. I remember one joining this Church who said, "Sir, I had faithonce in Christ glorified, but it never gave me comfort. I have now come to a faith in Christ crucified, and I have peace."

At Calvary there is the comfort, and there only. That Jesus lives is delightful! But the basis of the delight is, "He liveswho once was slain." That He will reign forever is a most precious doctrine of our faith, but that the hand that wields thesilver scepter once was pierced, is the great secret of the joy! O Beloved, abide not in any place from which your eye cannotbehold the Cross of Christ! When you are thinking of the doctrines of the Gospel, or the precepts of the Word, or studyingthe prophecies of Scripture, never let your mind relinquish the study of the Cross! The Cross was the place of your spiritualbirth! It must ever be the spot for renewing your health, for it is the sanatorium of every sin-sick soul.

The blood is the true balm of Gilead. It is the only catholicon which heals every spiritual disease. Come, sin-sick Soul,and breathe the air which was purified when the blood of the heart of Jesus fell from His wounds to the ground, for no spiritualdisease can abide the Presence of the healing blood. Hasten, you weak ones, to Calvary, and partake in God-given strengthand vigor! It is from Calvary that you shall see the Sun of Righteousness arising with healing beneath His wings! The belovedPhysician meets His patients at the foot of the Cross and relieves them from all their ills.

I shall not ask you to dwell on any further details of the type, as they refer to the Substitution, but I cannot leave thetopic till I have asked each one this all-important question-"Is the Lord Jesus made a sin offering for you? It is written,"He has made Him to be sin for us," and from this it appears that sin was laid upon Jesus by God Himself. But still it istrue that each Believer by faith lays his own sins there, and the hymn, "I lay my sins on Jesus," is quite Scriptural. Haveyou, dear Friend, seen your sins laid on Jesus?

Has your faith laid its hands upon His head? My dear Hearers, we shall soon, each one of us, have to pass through the valeof death. It may be but a very short time before some of us will know what are the solemnities of our last, departing hour.Are you ready? Quite ready? You have been a professor for years-are you ready now to die? Can you hope that if at this momentthe summons were given, sitting where you are, can you hope you are so really and truly resting in the precious blood thatsin would not disturb your dying peace because it is forgiven and put away?

Search the ground of your hope, I pray you, and be not satisfied unless your faith is surely built upon the Rock of Ages.Get as much assurance as you can, my Brothers and Sisters, but beware of presumption! I have seen some of those fine Christianswho will not say-

"Rock of Ages, cleft for me, Let me hide myself in You,"

and I think very little of them. It is their boast that no hymns will suit them but those which are full of assurance andconscious enjoyment. I admire their confidence, if it is the fruit of the Spirit. But I fear, in many cases, it is the offspringof proud, unhumbled self-conceit. I know that in shaking times, when I am sorely vexed with bodily pain and mental distractions,I am glad enough to say-

"Let me hide myself in You!

Let the water and the blood,

From your riven side which flowed,

Be of sin the double cure,

Cleanse me from its guilt and power!"

Without boasting, I can declare as much about strong faith in God as most men. And I can usually rejoice in the fullest confidenceof my acceptance in the Beloved. But there are times with me of deeply awful depression of spirit, and horror of great darkness-andat such periods my joyous confidence takes the form of humbly pleading the blood once shed for sinners, and saying, with abroken heart-

"Nothing in my hands I bring: Simply to Your Cross I cling."

It seems to me, that humbly resting upon Jesus is the best position for us. And I ask each of you, very affectionately, whetherthat is your position at this present moment? Does your heart rejoice in the Substitute? Do you rejoice in the language ofthese two precious verses?-

"When Satan tempts me to despair, And tells me of the guilt within, Upward I look, and see Him there Who made an end of allmy sin. Because the sinless Savior died, My sinful soul is counted free, For God, the Just, is satisfied To look on Him, andpardon me."

II. Let us turn to the second part of the subject. The chapter sets forth before us the efficacy of the precious blood ofJesus. As soon as the bull was slain, the priest carefully collected the blood. The bull was slain in the court of the Israelites.Look, there it lies at the foot of the bronze altar, with the blood in a basin. The priest passes into the court of the priests,passes by the golden altar of incense which stood in the holy place, and proceeds to dip his finger in the basin and to sprinklethe blood seven times towards the veil which concealed the Holy of Holies. Whether the blood fell on the veil or not we arenot certain. But we have good reason to believe that it was cast upon the veil itself.

The veil, of costliest tapestry, would thus become by degrees more and more like a vesture dipped in blood. Seven times towardsthe veil the blood of the sin offering was sprinkled by the priest. Why did he begin there? It was to show that our communionwith God is by blood. The veil was not then, of course, torn. It showed that the way of access to God was not then revealed.The sprinkling of the blood showed that the only thing that could open the way of access to God was the blood-that the blood,when it should be perfectly offered, seven times sprinkled-would tear the veil.

The blood of Jesus has to the letter fulfilled the type. When our Lord had sprinkled, if I may say so, seven times His ownheart's blood upon the veil, He said, "It is finished," and, "the veil of the temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom."Beloved, through the perfect offering of the precious blood we have access with boldness into this Divine Grace where we stand!And we who have faith in that blood have intimate communion with the living God, and come near to His Mercy Seat to talk withHim who dwells between the cherubim, as a man talks with his friend.

The priest began at the innermost point because the first thing which a Christian loses through sin is communion with God,and free access to Him. And consequently the first thing to be restored to him must be this communion with his God. Suppose,my Brother, my Sister, you backslide. There are some things which you will not lose at once. You will still be able to prayin a feeble style. You will still have some sense of acceptance, but certainly your enjoyment and fellowship with God willbe suspended as soon as you have fallen from your first estate. Therefore the blood is sprinkled upon the veil to show youthat through the blood, and through the blood only, you can renew your access!

You advanced Christians. You who have lived in the very heart of God and have stood like Milton's angel in the sun. You whohave been made to sit at the banqueting table and to drink of the wines on the lees well refined. You who have been the King'sfavorites, and, like Mephibosheth, have always been made to sit at the King's own table and to eat of the choice portionsof His dainties-if you have lost your heavenly fellowship-it is through the blood, and through the blood alone, that you canagain have access unto the heart of God!

The next act of the priest was to retire a little from the veil to the place where stood the golden altar of incense, adornedwith four horns of gold, probably of a pyramidal shape, or fashioned like rams' horns. And the priest, dipping his fingerin the basin, smeared this horn and the other, until the four horns glowed with crimson in the light of the golden candlestick.The horn is always, in the Oriental usage, indicative of strength. What was the blood put upon the

altar for, then? That incense altar was typical of prayer, and especially of the intercession of Christ-and the blood on thehorn showed that the force and power of all-prevailing intercession lies in the blood!

Why was this the second thing done? It seems to me that the second thing which a Christian loses is his prevalence in prayer.First he loses communion with God when he backslides. The next thing he loses is his power in supplication. He begins to befeeble upon his knees. He cannot win of the Lord that which he desires. How is he to get back his strength? Here the greatAnointed Priest teaches us to look to the blood for renewed power, for look, He applies the blood to the horns of the altarand the sweet perfume of frankincense ascends to Heaven and God accepts it! O Beloved, think of this! Christ's intercessorypower with God lies in His precious blood, and your power and mine with God in prayer must lie in that blood, too.

Oh, to see the horns of that altar smeared with blood! How can you ever prevail with God unless you plead the blood of Jesus?Believer, if you would overcome in prayer, tell the Lord of all the groans of His dear Son! Never dream of arguing exceptwith arguments fetched from Jesus' wounds! These are potent pleas with God-the bloody sweat, the flagellation, the nails,the spear, the vinegar, the Cross-these must be the mighty reasons with which to overcome the Infinite One. Let the altarof your incense be smeared with blood!

This being finished, the priest goes backwards still further and enters the court of the Israelites. There stood the greataltar of brass, whereon was consumed the burnt offerings. And now the priest, having his basin full of the blood of whichonly a small quantity had been used in sprinkling the veil and touching the horns of the golden altar, pours the whole ofthe remaining blood in a great stream at the foot of the altar of burnt offering. What does that typify? Did He not thus teachus that the only ground and basis (for mark, it is put at the foot of the altar), of the acceptance of our persons and ofour thank offerings is found in the blood of Jesus?

Did it never strike you how the whole tabernacle must have been smeared with blood everywhere? Blood was on every side! Thepriest himself, when at his work, with garments on which showed every stain, must have looked as though all besmeared withgore! You could not look at his hands or at his vestments without seeing blood everywhere! Indeed, when consecrated, he hadblood on his ear, blood on his foot, blood on his hand-he could not be made a priest without it. The Apostle says, "Almosteverything under the Law was sprinkled with blood." It was blood, blood everywhere!

Now, this could have been very far from a pleasant sight, except to the spiritual man who, as he looked at it, said, "Whata holy God is the God of Israel! How He hates sin! See, He will only permit sinners to approach Him by the way of blood!"And then the inquiring mind would ask, "What blood is this which is here intended?" We know that the blood of bulls and ofgoats was but the visible symbol of the sufferings of Jesus, the great Sacrifice, whom God has set forth to be a propitiationfor our sins. All the blood-marks pointed to the "Lamb of God, which takes away the sin of the world."

Let us rejoice in the precious blood of Christ, the Lamb without blemish and without spot, who was foreordained from the foundationsof the world, but was manifest in these last days for us! Will you now make a summary of what has been spoken? Come with meoutside the Tabernacle. Let us begin at the opening in its curtains leading to the outer court. We have sinned, and desireacceptance with God-that must be the first blessing. The bronze altar of burnt offerings is standing before us, and we wishto offer our thank offering, may we do so? How can we be accepted?

Look at the bottom of the altar! What do you see there? A pool of blood all around it, as though the altar stood in blood!What does this mean? Surely the blood of Jesus is the basis of our acceptance before God, and here we stand as citizens ofHeaven, not accursed, but beloved! Not rejected and abhorred, but elect and blessed through the blood which is the groundof our acceptance as Believers and citizens of Zion!

Now we have come so far, we remember that we are not only citizens of the new Jerusalem, but priests unto God, and as priestswe desire to enter the court of the priests. And there is the golden altar, but where is our power to minister before theLord? How shall we approach with the love of our hearts, our joyful thanks, and our fervent intercessions? Behold the answerto our inquiries! Observe with joy the blood-marks on the four horns! It is not our prayers that will be in themselves prevalent,nor our praises, nor our love-but the BLOOD gives prevalence, acceptance, and power to all! Come here, then, and let us layour heart itself, all bleeding, upon that altar and let our prayers and praises rise to Heaven, like pillars of smoke, acceptedthrough the blood!

But, Beloved, this is not all. We are something more than priests-we are children of God, dear to His heart! Let us, then,seek fellowship with our Father who is in Heaven. How can we enter into the Most Holy Place and commune with

the God who hides Himself? What is the mode of entrance into that which is within the veil? We look, and lo, the veil is torn!And on the floor, right across where the veil used to hang, we see a line of blood, where, times without number, the bloodhad been sprinkled! And on the two pieces of the veil through which we pass, we can see many distinct traces of blood-yes,and when we come right up to the Mercy Seat we can see the blood there, too!

What does this mean but that the blood is the means of access to God, and by no other means is He to be approached? When weshall be nearest to God and see Him face to face, and dwell with Him in Heaven forever, it will be because Jesus Christ lovedus and died for us, and sprinkled His blood for us that we be permitted to have this close and wonderful communion with Godwhich even angels never had-for even they can only veil their faces with their wings, and must not dare to look upon God aswe shall do, when our eyes shall see Him as our Father and our Friend!

Thus I have tried to set forth the threefold prevalence of the precious blood, but let it not be forgotten that the bloodalso put away sin! For you find at the end of the chapter, "His sin shall be forgiven." First forgiven, then accepted, thenprevalent in prayer, and then admitted into access with boldness to God-what a chain of blessings! All, all through the bloodof Jesus!

III. Thirdly, the most painful part of our sermon remains, while I beg you to view the shame which our Lord endured. Whileit is all so well for us, so sweet for us, I want you now to reflect how bitter, how shameful it was for our Lord! The offererwho brought the sin offering has been forgiven. He has been accepted at the bronze altar. His prayers have been heard at thegolden altar, and the veil has been sprinkled on his behalf. But what of the Victim itself? Draw near and learn with holywonder!

In the first place, albeit that our Lord Jesus Christ was made sin for us, it is noteworthy that, though nearly all the bullwas burned outside he camp, there was one portion left and reserved to be burnt upon the altar of burnt offering- the fat.Certain descriptions are given as to the fat which was to be consumed upon the altar, by which we believe it was intendedto ensure that the richest part of the fat should be there consumed. As much as if God would say, "Though My dear Son mustbe made sin for this people, and consequently I must forsake Him, and He must die outside the camp, yet still He is most dearand precious in My sight. And even while He is a sin offering, yet He is My beloved Son in whom in Himself I am still wellpleased."

Brethren, whenever we speak about our Lord as bearing our sins, we must carefully speak concerning Him-not as though God everdid despise or abhor the prayer of His afflicted Son, but only seemed to do so while He stood for us- representatively madesin for us, though He knew no sin. Oh, I delight to think that the Lord smelled a sweet savor unto God, even as a sin offering!The fat, the excellence of His heart, the consecration of His soul were acceptable to God and sweet in His esteem even whenHe laid upon Him the iniquity of His people!

Still, here is the shameful part of it-the priest then took the bull, and gathering up all the innards, every part of it,the skin, the dung-all mentioned to teach us what a horrible thing sin is and what the Surety was looked upon as being whenHe took our sin-he took it all up, and either himself personally, or assisted by others, took it away out of the camp. Weare told that in the wilderness, so large was the camp that it may have been the distance offour miles that this bull hadto be carried.

I think I see the sad procession-the priest all smeared with blood, carrying the carcass of the bull, taking it right awaydown the long line of tents. First through the abodes of one tribe and then of another-through the long streets of tents-whilethe people stood at their doors and saw the ghastly sight. It was killed at the altar of burnt offering. Why was it not burntthere? That altar was holy, and as soon as ever sin was laid upon the bull, it ceased to be any longer looked upon as a holything! It could not, therefore, be burnt in the holy place. It must be taken away. So the priest carried it away-a terribleload-till he reached the usual place where the ashes were kindled, and he put the bull there, and heaped the hot ashes uponit till the whole smoked up to Heaven, and was utterly consumed as a sin offering.

My Beloved, try if you can, to grasp the idea of Jesus being put away from God! I cannot give you the thoughts, but if youcould hear the air pierced with the dreadful cry, "Eloi, Eloi, lama Sabacthani?" "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?"you would see Christ put away because He was made sin. It was not possible for God to look upon sin, even when it was in Christ,with anything like complacency. "It pleased the Father to bruise Him. He has put Him to grief." If you have read the orderof the burnt offering, you will have noticed that when the bull of the burnt offering was

offered, it was washed, to show the perfection of Christ as He is a sweet savor, all pure and clean. But in this case thereis added that humiliating word, "with the dung."

What a humiliating type of Christ! Ah, but what are your sins and mine that were laid upon Jesus? How could our iniquitiesand transgressions be better set forth than by that bleeding, mangled mass which the high priest had to carry out away fromthe camp, as though it were a thing abhorred, which could not be endured in the camp any longer? It is your Savior made sinfor you and put away on your behalf!

After the removal, they gathered the hot ashes, they kindled the fire, and burnt it all. See here a faint image of the firewhich consumed the Savior upon Calvary! His bodily pains ought never to be forgotten because there is so intimate a relationbetween physical suffering and mental grief that it were hard to draw the line. But still the sufferings of His soul musthave been the very soul of His sufferings! And can you tell what they were?

Have you ever suffered from a raging fever? Have you felt at the same time the pangs of some painful disease? Has your mindrefused to rest? Has your brain been tossed like the waves of a sea of fire within your head? Have you questioned whetheryou should lose your reason or not? Have you ever been near unto distraction? Have you ever been near unto the breaking ofthe cords of life? If so, you may feebly guess what He suffered when He said, "My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even untodeath." And when He "began to be sorrowful and to be very heavy." Those were the coals of juniper which were being heapedover the sin offering.

As you see Jesus scourged by Herod and by Pilate, and afterwards bleeding on the accursed tree, you see the fire of Divinewrath consuming the sin offering because our sin had been laid upon Him. I will not dwell longer on this, only ask the HolySpirit to make you feel the shame that Christ suffered for you. Sometimes I cannot grasp the thought, when I have tried tothink that He who made the heavens, to whom the whole blue arch is but as a span, and the depths of the seas as the hollowof His hand, should be made flesh! And then suffer for such an insignificant worm as I am!

That He should suffer, however, never amazes me so much as that He should bear my sin. Oh, marvelous! The angels say, "Holy!Holy! Holy! Lord God of Sabaoth!" What could they have said when He, whom they hymned as "glorious in holiness," bowed Hishead and gave up the ghost, because "made sin for us"? Blessed Son of God! Where we cannot understand we will adore!

The Apostle Paul suggests to us the most practical conclusion of our sermon. He tells us that as our Savior, having givenHis blood to be sprinkled within the Tabernacle for us, was then taken outside the camp, so it is our duty, yes, and our privilege,to go forth unto Him outside the camp also, bearing His reproach. You have heard how He was reproached for you! Are you unwillingto be reproached for Him? You have heard how He went outside the camp in that shameful manner! Are you unwilling to go outsidethe camp for Him? Too many Christians try to be Christians in the camp, but it cannot be done. "Be not conformed to this world,but be you transformed by the renewing of your minds."

There is so much of worldly conformity among us! But the promise is not to worldly-minded Christians, but, "Come you out fromamong them. Be you separate. Touch not the unclean thing, and I will receive you, and will be a Father unto you." How muchwe lose by affinities with the world! How much of distance there is between us and God because of the nearness there is betweenus and the world! Come out, you lovers of the Savior, and tread the separated way which your Savior walked before you!

And now, should there be any here who are unsaved, I should not wonder but what some of them will make the remark, the almost,no, the quite profane remark, "Why, he spoke so much of blood!" Ah, Sinner, and we need to speak much of it to you, for itis your only hope! God will either have your blood or Christ's blood, one of the two. If you reject Christ, you shall perishin your sin. "The blood is the life thereof," says the Word of God. And your life must be taken unless Christ's life shallavail for you. The very heart of Christ was broken to find out the way to save a sinner. And, Sinner, there is no other!

If you refuse the purple road, you shall never reach the pearly gate. Trust in the blood of Jesus! Do you doubt? How can you?Is there not efficacy enough in the blood of the Son of God to take away sin? Do you contradict God's declared Truth, "Theblood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanses us from all sin"? Oh, believe it, and cast your soul upon it, and we will meet withinthe veil, one of these days, to sing, "To Him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in His own Him be gloryforever and ever." Amen.