Sermon 408. Accidents, Not Punishments

Spurgeon preached this message in response to two disasters that had hit very close to home. On Sunday, August 25, 1861, anightmarish collision between two trains in the Clayton Tunnel (a 1.5-mile long tunnel between London and Brighton) had claimed23 lives and severely injured hundreds. Barely more than two weeks later, on Monday, September 2, another train wreck in KentishTown Fields (in North London) claimed 15 more lives. See:

http://ukhrail.uel.ac.uk/glossary/clayton.html

http://ukhrail.uel.ac.uk/glossary/sigs.html

http://www.hassocksuk.com/clayton_tunnel.htm

(No. 408)

Delivered on Sunday Morning, September the 8th, 1861 by the

Rev. C. H. SPURGEON,

At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington

"There were present at that season some that told him of the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.And Jesus answering said unto them, suppose ye that these Galileans were sinners above all the Galileans, because they sufferedsuch things? I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. Or those eighteen, upon whom the towerin Siloam fell and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem!I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish."-Luke 13:1-5.

THE YEAR 1861 will have a notoriety among its fellows as the year of calamities. Just at that season when man goeth forthto reap the fruit of his labors, when the harvest of the earth is ripe, and the barns are beginning to burst with the newwheat, Death too, the mighty reaper, has come forth to out down his harvest; full sheaves have been gathered into his garner-thetomb, and terrible have been the wailings which compose the harvest hymn of death. In reading thenewspapers during the last two weeks, even the most stolid must have been the subject of very painful feelings. Not onlyhave there been catastrophes so alarming that the blood chills at their remembrance, but column after column of the paperhas been devoted to calamities of a minor degree of horror, but which, when added together, are enough to astound the mindwith the fearful amount of sudden death which has of late fallen on the sons of men. We have had not only one incident forevery dayin the week, but two or three; we have not simply been stunned with the alarming noise of one terrific clash, but another,and another, and another, have followed upon each other's heels, like Job's messengers, till we have needed Job's patienceand resignation to hear the dreadful tale of woes.

Now, men and brethren, such things as these have always happened in all ages of the world. Think not that this is a new thing;do not dream, as some do, that this is the produce of an overwrought civilization, or of that modern and most wonderful discoveryof steam. If the steam engine had never been known, and if the railway had never been constructed, there would have been suddendeaths and terrible accidents, not withstanding. In taking up the old records in which ourancestors wrote down their accidents and calamities, we find that the old stage coach yielded quite as heavy a booty todeath as does the swiftly-rushing train; there were gates to Hades then as many as there are now, and roads to death quiteas steep and precipitous, and traveled by quite as vast a multitude as in our present time. Do you doubt that? Permit me torefer you to the chapter before you. Remember those eighteen upon whom the tower in Siloam fell. What if no collision crushedthem;what if they were not destroyed by the ungovernable iron horse dragging them down from an embankment; yet some badly-builttower, or some wall beaten by the tempest could fall upon eighteen at a time, and they might perish. Or worse than that, adespotic ruler, having the lives of men at his girdle, like the keys of his palace, might fall upon worshippers in the templeitself, and mix their blood with the blood of the bullocks which they were just then sacrificing to the God of heaven. Donotthink, then, that this is an age in which God is dealing more hardly with us than of old. Do not think that God's providencehas become more lax than it was, there always were sudden deaths, and there always will be. There always were seasons whendeath's wolves hunted in hungry packs, and, probably, until the end of this dispensation, the last enemy will hold his periodicfestivals, and glut the worms with the flesh of men. Be not, therefore, cast down with any sudden fear, neither be yetroubled by these calamities. Go about your business, and if your avocations should call you to cross the field of deathitself, do it, and do it bravely. God has not thrown up the reins of the world, he has not taken off his hand from the helmof the great ship, still

"He everywhere hath sway,

And all things serve his might;

His every act pure blessing is,

His path unsullied light."

Only learn to trust him, and thou shalt not be afraid of sudden fear; "thy soul shall dwell at ease, and thy seed shall inheritthe earth."

The particular subject of this morning, however, is this-the use which we ought to make of these fearful texts which God iswriting in capital letters upon the history of the world. God hath spoken once, yea, twice, let it not be said that man regardethit not. We have seen a glimmering of God's power, we have beheld something of the readiness with which he can destroy ourfellow-creatures. Let us "hear the rod and him that hath appointed it," and in hearing it, let usdo two things. First, let us not be so foolish as to draw the conclusion of superstitious and ignorant persons-that conclusionswhich is hinted at in the text, namely, that those who are thus destroyed by accident are sinners above all the sinners thatbe in the land. And, secondly, let us draw the right and proper inference, let us make practical use of all these events forour own personal improvement, let us hear the voice of the Savior saying, "Except ye repent, ye shall all likewiseperish."

I. First, then, LET US TAKE HEED THAT WE DO NOT DRAW THE RASH AND HASTY CONCLUSION FROM TERRIBLE ACCIDENTS, THAT THOSE WHOSUFFER BY THEM SUFFER ON ACCOUNT OF THEIR SINS.

It has been most absurdly stated that those who travel on the first day of the week and meet with an accident, ought to regardthat accident as being a judgment from God upon them on account of their violating the Christian's day of worship. It hasbeen stated even by godly ministers, that the late deplorable collision should be looked upon as an exceedingly wonderfuland remarkable visitation of the wrath of God against those unhappy persons who happened to be in theClayton tunnel. Now I enter my solemn protest against such an inference as that, not in my own name, but in the name ofHim who is the Christian's Master and the Christian's Teacher. I say of those who were crushed in that tunnel, think ye thatthey were sinners above all the sinners "I tell you, all: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish." Or those whoperished but last Monday, think ye that they were sinners above all the sinners that were in London? "I tell you, Nay: but,except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish." Now, mark, I would not deny but what there have sometimes been judgmentsof God upon particular persons for sin; sometimes, and I think but exceedingly rarely, such things have occurred. Some ofus have heard in our own experience instances of men who have blasphemed God and defied Him to destroy them, who have suddenlyfallen dead; and in such cases, the punishment has so quickly followed the blasphemy that one could not help perceiving thehandof God in it. The man had wantonly asked for the judgment of God, his prayer was heard and the judgment came. And, beyonda doubt, there are what may be called natural judgments. You see a man ragged, poor, houseless; he has been profligate, hehas been a drunkard, he has lost his character, and it is but the just judgment of God upon him that he should be starving,and that he should be an outcast among men. You see in the hospitals loathsome specimens of men and women foully diseased;Godforbid that we should deny that in such a case-the punishment being the natural result of the sin-there is a judgmentof God upon licentiousness and ungodly lusts. And the like may be said in many instances where there is so clear a link betweenthe sin and the punishment that the blindest men may discern that God hath made Misery the child of Sin. But in cases of accident,such as that to which I refer, and in cases of sudden and instant death, again, I say, I enter my earnest protestagainst the foolish and ridiculous idea that those who thus perish are sinners above all the sinners who survive unharmed.

Let me just try to reason this matter out with Christian people, for there are some unenlightened Christian people who willfeel horrified by what I have said. Those who are ready at perversions may even dream that I would apologise for the breachof the day of worship. Now I do no such thing. I do not extenuate the sin, I only testify and declare that accidents are notto be viewed as punishments for sin, for punishment belongs not to this world, but to the world to come.To all those who hastily look on every calamity as a judgment I would speak in the earnest hope of setting them right.Let me begin, then, by saying, my dear brethren, do not you see that what you say is not true? and that is the best of reasons why you should not say it. Does not your own experience and observation teach you that oneevent happeneth both to the righteous and to the wicked? It is true, the wicked man sometimes falls dead in the street; buthas not the minister fallendead in the pulpit? It is true that a pleasure-boat, in which men were seeking their own pleasure on the Sunday, has suddenlygone down; but is it not equally true that a ship which contained none but godly men, who were bound upon an excursion topreach the gospel, has gone down too? The visible providence of God has no respect of persons; and a storm may gather aroundthe "John Williams" missionary ship, quite as well as around a vessel filled with riotous sinners. Why, do you not perceivethat the providence of God has been, in fact, in its outward dealings, rather harder upon the good than upon the bad?For; did not Paul say, as he looked upon the miseries of the righteous in his day, "If in this life only we have hope in Christ,we are of all men most miserable?" The path of righteousness has often conducted men to the rack, to the prison, to the gibbet,to the stake; while the road of sin has often led a man to empire, to dominion, and to high esteem among his fellows. It isnot true that in this world God does punish men for sin, and reward them for their good deeds. For, did not David say,"I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree?" and did not this perplex the Psalmistfor a little season, until he went into the sanctuary of God, and then he understood their end? Although your faith assuresyou that the ultimate result of providence will work out only good to the people of God, yet your life, though it be but abriefpart of the Divine drama of history, must have taught you that providence does not outwardly discriminate between therighteous and the wicked-that the righteous perish suddenly as well as the wicked-that the plague knows no difference betweenthe sinner and the saint-and that the sword of war is alike pitiless to the sons of God and the sons of Belial. When God sendethforth the scourge, it slayeth suddenly the innocent as well as the perverse and froward. Now, my brethren, if your ideaof an avenging and Awarding providence be not true, why should you talk as if it were? And why, if it be not correct asa general rule, should you suppose it to be true in this one particular instance? Get the idea out of your head, for the gospelof God never needs you to believe an untruth.

But, secondly, there is another reason. The idea that whenever an accident occurs we are to look upon it as a judgment fromGod would make the providence of God to be, instead of a great deep, a fiery shallow pool. Why, any child can understand the providence of God, if it be true that when there is a railway accident it is because peopletravel on a Sunday. I take any little child from the smallest infant-class form in the Sunday-school, and he will say, "Yes,Isee that." But then, if such a thing be providence, if it be a providence that can be understood, manifestly it is notthe Scriptural idea of providence, for in the Scripture we are always taught that God's providence is "a great deep;" andeven Ezekiel, who had the wing of the cherubim and could fly aloft, when he saw the wheels which were the great picture ofthe providence of God, could only say the wheels were so high that they were terrible, and were full of eyes, so that he cried,"Owheel!" If-I repeat it to make it plain-if always a calamity were the result of some sin, providence would be as simpleas that twice two made four; it would be one of the first lessons that a little child might learn. But Scripture teaches usthat providence is a great depth in which the human intellect may swim and dive, but it can neither find a bottom nor a shore,and if you and I pretend that we can find out the reasons of providence, and twist the dispensations of God over ourfingers, we only prove our folly, but we do not prove that we have begun to understand the ways of God. Why, look, sirs;suppose for a moment there were some great performance going on, and you should step in in the middle of it and see one actorupon the stage for a moment, and you should say, "Yes, I understand it," what a simpleton you would be! Do you not know thatthe great transactions of providence began near six thousand years ago? and you have only stepped into this world for thirtyorforty years, and seen one actor on the stage, and you say you understand it. Tush! you do not; you have only begun toknow. Only He knoweth the end from the beginning, only He understands what are the great results, and what is the great reasonfor which the world was made, and for which He permits both good and evil to occur. Think not that you know the ways of God;it is to degrade providence, and to bring God down to the level of men, when you pretend that you can understand these calamitiesand find out the secret designs of wisdom.

But next, do you not perceive that such an idea as this would encourage Phariseeism? These people who were crushed to death, or scalded, or destroyed under the wheels of railway carriages, were worse sinnersthan we are. Very well, then what good people we must be; what excellent examples of virtue! We do not such things as they,and therefore God makes all things smooth for us. Inasmuch as we here traveled some of us every day in the week, and yet havenever beensmashed to pieces, we may on this supposition rank ourselves with the favourites of Deity. And then, do not you see, brethren,our safety would be an argument for our being Christians?-our having traveled on a railway safely would be an argument thatwe were regenerate persons, yet I have never read in the Scriptures, "We know that we have passed from death unto life, becausewe have traveled from London to Brighton safely twice a day." I never found a verse which looked like this; and yet ifit were true that the worst of sinners met with accidents, it would follow as a natural converse to that proposition,that those who do not meet with accidents must be very good people, and what Pharisaical notions we thus beget and foster.But I cannot indulge the folly for a moment. As I look for a moment upon the poor mangled bodies of those who have been sosuddenly slain, my eyes find tears, but my heart does not boast, nor my lips accuse-far from me be the boastful cry, "God,I thankthee that I am not as these men are!" Nay, nay, nay, it is not the spirit of Christ, nor the spirit of Christianity. Whilewe can thank God that we are preserved, yet we can say, "It is of thy mercy that we are not consumed," and we must ascribeit to his grace, and to his grace alone. But we cannot suppose that there was any betterness in us, why we should be keptalive with death so near. It is only because he hath had mercy, and been very long-suffering to us-ward, not willing thatwe shouldperish, but that we should come to repentance, that he has thus preserved us from going down to the grave, and kept usalive from death.

And then, will you allow me to remark, that the supposition against which I am earnestly contending, is a very cruel and unkind one. For if this were the case, that all persons who thus meet with their death in an extraordinary and terrible manner were greatersinners than the rest, would it not be a crushing blow to bereaved survivors, and is it not ungenerous on our part to indulgethe idea unless we are compelled by unanswerable reasons to accept it as an awfultruth? Now, I defy you to whisper it in the widow's ear. Go home to her and say, "Your husband was a worse sinner thanthe rest of men, therefore he died." You have not brutality enough for that. A little unconscious infant, which had neversinned, though, doubtless, an inheritor of Adam's fall, is found crushed amidst the debris of the accident. Now think for a moment, what would be the infamous consequence of the supposition, that those who perishedwere worse than others. You wouldhave to make it out that this unconscious infant was a worse sinner than many in the dens of infamy whose lives are yetspared. Do you not perceive that the thing is radically false and I might perhaps show you the injustice of it best, by remindingyou, that it may one day turn upon your own head. Let it be your own case that you should meet with sudden death in such away are you willing to be adjudged to damnation on that account? Such an event may happen in the house of God. Let me recallto my own, and to your sorrowful recollection, what occurred when once we met together; I can say with a pure heart, wemet for no object but to serve our God, and the minister had no aim in going to that place but that of gathering the manyto hear who otherwise would not have listened to his voice and yet there were funerals as the result of a holy effort (forholy effort still we avow it to have been, and the aftersmile of God hath proved it so). There were deaths, and deaths amongGod'speople, I was about to say, I am glad it was with God's people rather than with others. A fearful fright took hold uponthe congregation, and they fled, and do you not see that if accidents are to be viewed as judgments, then it is a fair inferencethat we were sinning in being there-an insinuation which our consciences repudiate with scorn? However, if that logic weretrue, it is as true against us as it is against others, and inasmuch as you would repel with indignation the accusation thatany were grounded or hurt on account of sin, in being there to worship God, what you repel for yourself repel for others,and be no party to the accusation which is brought against those who have been destroyed during the last fortnight, that theyperished on account of any great sin.

Here I anticipate the outcries of prudent and zealous persons who tremble for the ark of God, and would touch it with Uzzah'shand. "Well," says one, "but we ought not to talk like this, for it is a very serviceable superstition, because there aremany people who will be kept from travelling on a Sunday by the accident, and we ought to tell them, therefore, that thosewho perished, perished because they traveled on Sunday." Brethren, I would not tell a lie to save a soul,and this would be telling lies, for it is not the fact I would do anything to stop Sunday labor and sin, but I would notforge a falsehood even to do that. They might have perished on a Monday as well as on a Sunday. God gives no special immunityany day of the week, and accidents may occur as well at one time as at another, and it is only a pious fraud when we seekthus to prey upon the superstition of men to make capital for Christ. The Roman Catholic priest might consistently use suchanargument, but an honest Christian man, who believes that the religion of Christ can take care of itself without his tellingfalsehoods, scorns to do it. These men did not perish because they traveled on a Sunday. Witness the fact that others perishedon the Monday when they were on an errand of mercy. I know not why or wherefore God sent the accident. God forbid that weshould offer our own reason when God has not given us his reason, but we are not allowed to make the superstition of men aninstrument for the advancing the glory of God. You know among Protestants there is a great deal of popery. I meet withpeople who uphold infant baptism on the plea, "Well, it is not doing any hurt, and there is a great deal of good meaning init, and it may do good, and even confirmation may be blessed to some people, and therefore do not let us speak against it."I have nothing to do with whether the thing does hurt or not, all I have to do with is whether it is right, whether it isscriptural, whether it is true, and if the truth does mischief, which is a supposition we can by no means allow, thatmischief will not lie at our door. We have nothing to do but to speak the truth, even though the heavens should fall, I sayagain, that any advancement of the gospel which is owing to the superstition of men is a false advance, and it will by-and-byerecoil upon the people who use such an unhallowed weapon. We have a religion which appeals to man's judgment and common sense,andwhen we cannot get on with that, I scorn that we should proceed by any other means; and, brethren, if there be any personwho should harden his heart and say, "Well, I am as safe on one day as another," which is quite true, I must say to him, "Thesin of your making such a use as this of a truth must lie at your own door, not at mine; but if I could keep you from violatingthe Christian's day of rest by putting before you a superstitious hypothesis, I would not do it, because I feel that thoughI might keep you from that one sin a little time, you would by-and-bye grow too intelligent to be duped by me, and thenyou would come to look upon me as a priest who had played upon your fears instead of appealing to your judgment." Oh! it istime for us to know that our Christianity is not a weak, shivering thing, that appeals to the petty superstitious fears ofignorant and darkened minds. It is a manly thing, loving the light, and needing no sanctified frauds for its defense. Yes,critic!turn thy lantern upon us, and let it glare into our very eyes; we are not afraid, truth is mighty and it can prevail,and if it cannot prevail in the daylight, we have no wish that the sun should set to give it an opportunity. I believe thatvery much infidelity has sprung from the very natural desire of some Christian people to make use of common mistakes. "Oh,"they have said, "this popular error is a very good one, it keeps people right; let us perpetuate the mistake, for it evidentlydoesgood." And then, when the mistake has been found out, infidels here said, "Oh, you see now these Christian people arefound out in their tricks." Let us have no tricks, brethren; let us not talk to men as though they were little children, andcould be frightened by tales of ghosts and witches. The fact is, that this is not the time of retribution, and it is worsethan idle for us to teach that it is.

And now, lastly-and then I leave this point-do you not perceive that the un-Christian and un-Scriptural supposition that whenmen suddenly meet with death it is the result of sin, robs Christianity of one of its noblest arguments for the immortality of the soul? Brethren, we assert daily, with Scripture for our warrant, that God is just, and inasmuch as he is just, he must punish sin,and reward the righteous. Manifestly he does not do it in this world. I thinkI have plainly shown that in this world, one event happeneth to both; that the righteous man is poor as well as the wicked,and that he dies suddenly as well as the most graceless. Very well, then, the inference is natural and clear, that there mostbe a next world in which these things must be righted. If there be a God, he must be just; and if he be just, he must punishsin; and since he does not do it in this world, there therefore must be another state in which men shall receive the duereward of their works, and they that have sown to the flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption, while they that have sownto the Spirit, shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. Make this world the reaping place, and you have taken the stingout of sin. "Oh," says the sinner, "if the sorrows men endure here be all the punishment they will have, we will sin greedily."Say to them, "No; this is not the world of punishment, but the world of probation; it is not the court of justice, but thelandof mercy; it is not the prison of terror, but the house of long-suffering;" and you have opened before their eyes thegates of the future; you have set the judgment-throne before their eyes; you have reminded them of "Come, ye blessed," and"Depart, ye cursed;" ye have a more reasonable, not to say a more Scriptural, ground of appeal to their consciences and totheir hearts.

I have thus spoken with the view of putting down as much as I can the idea which is too current among the ungodly, that weas Christians hold every calamity to be a judgment. We do not; we do not believe that those eighteen upon whom the tower inSiloam fell were sinners above all the sinners that were in Jerusalem.

II. Now to our second point. WHAT USE, THEN, OUGHT WE TO MAKE OF THIS VOICE OF GOD AS HEARD AMIDST THE SHRIEKS AND GROANSOF DYING MEN? Two uses; first, inquiry, and secondly, warning.

The first inquiry we should put to ourselves is this: "Why may it not be my case that I may very soon and suddenly be cut off? Have I a leaseof my life? Have I any special guardianship which ensures me that I shall not suddenly pass the portals of the tomb? HaveI received a charter of longevity? Have I been covered with such a coat of armor that I am invulnerable to the arrows of death?Why am not I to die?" And the next question it should suggest is this: "Am notI as great a sinner as those who died? Are there not with me, even with me, sins against the Lord my God? If in outwardsin others have exceeded me, are not the thoughts of my heart evil? Does not the same law which curses them curse me? I havenot continued in all the things that are written in the book of the law to do them. It is as impossible that I should be savedby my works as that they should be. Am not I under the law as well as they by nature, and therefore am not I as well as theyunder the curse? That question should arise. Instead of thinking of their sins which would make me proud, I should think of my own which will make me humble. Instead of speculating upon their guilt, which is no business of mine, I should turn my eyes within and think upon my own transgression, for which I must personally answer before the Most High God." Then the next question is, "Have I repentedof my sin? I need not be inquiring whether they have or not:have I? Since I am liable to the same calamity, am I prepared to meet it? Have I felt, through the Holy Spirit's convincing power,the blackness and depravity of my heart? Have I been led to confess before God that I deserve his wrath, and that his displeasure,if it light on me, will be my just due? Do I hate sin? Have I learned to abhor it? Have I, through the Holy Spirit, turnedaway from it as from a deadly poison, and do I seek now to honor Christ my Master? Am I washed in hisblood? Do I bear his likeness? Do I reflect his character? Do I seek to live to his praise? For if not, I am in as greatdanger as they were, and may quite as suddenly be cut off, and then where am I? I will not ask where are they? And then, again, instead of prying into the future destiny of these unhappy men and women, how much better to inquire intoour own destiny and our own state!

"What am I? my soul, awake,

And an impartial survey take."

Am I prepared to die? If now the gates of hell should be opened, shall I enter there? If now beneath me the wide jaws of deathshould gape, am I prepared with confidence to walk through the midst of them, fearing no evil, because God is with me? Thisis the proper use to make of these accidents; this is the wisest way to apply the judgments of God to our own selves and toour own condition. O sirs, God has spoken to every man in London during these last two weeks; he hasspoken to me, he has spoken to you, men, women, and children. God's voice has rung out of the dark tunnel,-has spokenfrom the sunset and from the glaring bonfire round which lay the corpses of men and women, and he has said to you, "Be yealso ready, for in such an hour as ye think not, the Son of Man cometh." It is so spoken to you that I hope it may set youinquiring, "Am I prepared? am I ready? am I willing now to face my Judge, and hear the sentence pronounced upon my soul?"

When we have used it thus for inquiry, let me remind you that we ought to use it also for warning. "Ye shall all likewise perish." "No," says one, "not likewise. We shall not all be crushed, many of us will die in our beds. We shall not all be burned, many of us will tranquilly closeour eyes." Ay, but the text says, "Ye shall all likewise perish." And let me remind you that some of you may perish in thesame identical manner. You have no reason to believethat you may not also suddenly be cut off while walking the streets. You may fall dead while eating your meals-how many have perished with the staff oflife in their hands! Ye shall be in your bed, and your bed shall suddenly be made your tomb. You shall be strong, hale, hearty,and in health, and either by an accident or by the stoppage of the circulation of your blood, you shall be suddenly hurriedbefore your God. Oh! may sudden death to you be sudden glory!

But it may happen with some of us that in the same sudden manner as others have died, so shall we. But lately in America,a brother, while preaching the Word, laid down his body and his charge at once. You remember the death of Dr. Beaumont, who,while proclaiming the gospel of Christ, closed his eyes to earth. And I remember the death of a minister in this country,who had but just given out the verse-

"Father, I long, I faint to see

The place of thine abode;

I'd leave thine earthly courts and flee

Up to thy house, my God,"

when it pleased God to grant him the desire of his heart, and he appeared before the King in his beauty, then, may not sucha sudden death as that happen to you and to me?

But it is quite certain that, let death come when it may, there are some few respects in which it will come to us in justthe same manner as it has to those who have so lately been hurried away. First, it will come quite as surely. They could not, travel as fast as they would, escape from the pursuer. They could not journey where they may, from home orto home, escape the shaft when the time had come. And so shall we perish. Just as surely, as certainly as death hasset his seal upon the corpses which are not covered with the sod, so certainly shall he set his seal on us (unless theLord should come before), for "it is appointed unto all men once to die, and after death the judgment." There is no dischargein this way; there is no escape for any individual by any bye-path, there is no bridge over this river; there is no ferry-boatby which we may cross this Jordan dryshod. Into thy chill depths, O river, each one of us must descend, in thy cold stream,ourblood must be frozen; and beneath thy foaming billows our head must sink! We, too, must surely die. "Trite," you say,"and commonplace" and death is commonplace, but it only happens once to us. God grant that that once dying may perpetuallybe in our minds, till we die daily, and find it not hard work to die at the last.

Well, then, as death comes both to them and to us surely, so will it come both to them and to us most potently and irresistibly. When death surprised them, then what help had they? A child's card house was not more easily crushed than these ponderouscarriages. What could they do to help one another? They are sitting talking side by side. The scream is heard, and ere a secondcry can be uttered, they are crushed and mangled. The husband may seek to extricate hiswife, but heavy timbers have covered her body, he can only find at last her poor head, and she is dead, and he takes hissorrowful seat by her side, and puts his hand upon her brow, until it is stone cold, and though he has seen one and anotherplucked with broken bones from the midst of the ruined mass, he has to leave her body there. Alas! his children are motherless,and himself robbed of the partner of his bosom. They could not resist; they might do what they would, but as soon as themoment came, on they went, and death or broken bones was the result. So with you and me, bribe the physician with thelargest fee, but he could not put fresh blood into your veins; pay him in masses of gold, but he could not make the pulsegive another throb. Death, irresistible conqueror of men, there is none that can stand against thee, thy word is law, thywill is destiny! So shall it come to us as it did to them; it shall come with power, and none of us can resist.

When it came to them, it came instantly, and would not brook delay. So will it come to us. We may have longer notice than they, but when the hour has struck thereshall be no postponing it. Gather up thy feet in thy bed, O Patriarch, for thou must die and not live! Give the last kissto thy wife, thou veteran soldier of the cross. Put thy hands upon thy children's head, and give them the dying benediction,for all thy prayers cannot lengthen out thy life, and allthy tears cannot add a drop to the dry wellspring of thy being. Thou must go, the Master sendeth for thee, and he brooksno delay. Nay, though thy whole family should be ready to sacrifice their lives to buy thee but an hour of respite, it mustnot be. Though a nation should be a holocaust, a willing sacrifice, to give its sovereign another week in addition to hisreign, yet it must not be. Though the whole flock should willingly consent to tread the dark vaults of the tomb, to let theirpastor's life be spared but for another year, it must not be. Death will have no delay; the time is up, the clock hasstruck, the sand has run out, and as certainly as they died when their time was come, in the field by sudden accident, socertainly must we.

And then, again, let us remember that death will come to us as it did to them, with terrors. Not with the crash of broken timbers, perhaps, not with the darkness of the tunnel, not with the smoke and with the steam,not with the shrieks of women and the groans of dying men, but yet with terrors. For meet death where we may, if we be notin Christ, and if the shepherd's rod and staff do not comfort us, to die must be an awful and tremendous thing. Yes, in thybody, Osinner, with downy pillows beneath thy head, and a wife's tender arm to bear thee up, and a tender hand to wipe thy clammysweat, thou will find it awful work to face the monster and feel his sting, and enter into his dread dominion. It is awfulwork at any time, and at every time, under the best and most propitious circumstances, for a man to die unprepared.

And now I would send you away with this one thought abiding on your memories; we are dying creatures, not living creatures,and we shall soon be gone. Perhaps, as here I stand, and rudely talk of these mysterious things, soon shall this hand be stretched,and dumb the mouth that lisps the faltering strain, power supreme, O everlasting King, come when thou mayest, oh! mayest thoune'er intrude upon an ill-spent hour; but find me wrapped in meditation high, hymning my greatCreator; doing works of mercy to the poor and needy ones, or bearing in my arms the poor and weary of the flock, or solacingthe disconsolate, or blowing the blast of the gospel trumpet in the ears of deaf and perishing souls! Then come when thouwilt, if thou art with me in life, I shall not fear to meet thee in death. But oh, let my soul be ready with her wedding-garment,with her lamp trimmed and her light burning, ready to see her Master and enter into the joy of her Lord! Souls, ye knowthe way of salvation, ye have heard it often, hear it yet again! "He that believeth on the Lord Jesus has everlastinglife." "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; he that believeth not shall be damned." "Believe thou with thy heart,and with thy mouth make confession." May the Holy Ghost give the grace to do both, and this done, thou mayest say,

"Come, death, and some celestial band,

To bear my soul away!"

.......