Sermon 238. Reform

(No. 238)

Delivered on Sabbath Morning, February 13th, 1859, by the


At the Music Hall, Royal Surrey Gardens.

"Now when all this was finished, all Israel that were present wentout to the cities of Judah, and brake the images in pieces, and cut down the groves, and threw downthe high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin, in Ephraim also and Manasseh, untilthey had utterly destroyed them all."-2 Chronicles31:1.

IT is a pleasant sight to behold the thousands assembled together for the worship of God, but it is lamentable to reflect,how often the reverence which is exhibited in the sanctuary is lost when the thresh-hold is passed. How frequently the mostearnest address of the preacher is forgotten, and becomes as "the morning cloud, and as the early dew." We very often go upto the house of God, and imagine that we have done our duty when we have gone through the round of theservice: self-satisfied, we return each man to his home. Oh that we would remember that the preaching of the gospel isbut the sowing! afterward the reaping must come. To-day we do, as it were, lay the first stone of an edifice; and henceforwardthat edifice must be built, stone by stone, through your daily practice, until at last the top-stone is brought forth withshoutings of joy and gladness. Well said the Scotch woman, when her husband asked her, on her return from the house of Godsoonerthan usual, "Wife, is the sermon all done?" "Nay, Donald," said she; "it is all said; but it is nae begun to be done." There was wisdom in her pithy saying, a wisdom which we too frequently forget. Praying is the end of preaching. Reformation,conversion, regeneration-these are the ends of the ministry, and a holy life should be the result of your devout worship.We have read in your hearing the story of the great Passover, which was held in the days of Hezekiah. One almostenvies the men of that, time; we might almost wish that we could be carried back some thousands of years, that we mighthave been there to see the solemn sacrifices, to behold the priests, as with joyous countenances they sang the praises ofGod, and to have mingled in that countless throng, which stood at one hour to listen to the Levite, at another hour gatheredround the priest; again, at another season clapped their hands for joy at the sound of the golden trumpets, and then outviedthetrumpets by the magnificent sound of their vocal praise. But, beloved, when thatscene had vanished, and the multitude had gone to their homes, Hezekiah might have sat down and wept if there had not beena fitting effect from so great a gathering. Isaiah the prophet, I doubt not, was one of the gladdest in all the crowd. Oh,how his noble heart beat for joy, and how eloquent was his seraphic tongue when he preached among the people, and cried, "Ho,every one that thirsteth, come ye to thewaters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price."But sad indeed would his heart have been, notwithstanding all the delightful excitement of the day, if he had not seen someglorious consequences result from the ministrations and from the great gatherings of the people. In our text we are informed,that the Passover did not end with the seven days twice-told of its extraordinary celebration. The Passover, it is true, mightend, but not its blessed effects.

Now there are three effects which ought always to follow our solemn assembly upon the Lord's day, especially when we gatherin such a number as the present, with shouts of joy and thanksgiving. We should go home and first break our false gods; next, cut down the very groves in which we have been wont to delight, and after that break the altars which though dedicated to the God of Israel, are not according to Scripture, and therefore ought to be brokendown, albeit, they be even dedicated to the true God.

I. To begin then, the true result of all our gatherings should be, in the first place, to BREAK TO PIECES ALL OUR IMAGES."Thou shalt have none other gods before me." Every place is before God. Every thing is before his face and open to him. Thereforeby this command we understand that we are in no way, and in no sense to have another god, but the Lord our God. What! do youask, are we a nation of idolaters? Can this text pertain to us? Would not this be a proper rebuke toaddress the Hindostanee, or to speak to the benighted inhabitants of the center of Africa? Might we not exhort them toserve Jehovah and to dash the gods of their fathers in pieces? Assuredly we might. But imagine not that idolatry is confinedto nations of a swarthy hue. It is not in Africa alone that false gods are worshipped; idols are worshipped in this land also,and by many of you. Yea, all of us, until renewed by divine grace, worship gods which our own hands have made, and we do notfear, and love, and obey the living God with our entire and exclusive homage. Once however, let grace be received intothe heart, let the soul be renewed by the Holy Spirit, once drink in the free life of Jesus, and these false gods must bebroken in pieces at once.

The first god who is worshipped among us is one called self-righteousness. The Pharisees were the high priests of this god; they burnt incense every morning and every evening before him, but he hasten thousand times ten thousand worshippers still left. Among your respectable classes of society he is the received divinity.If a man be respectable, he thinks it all-sufficient. Among your moralists, this is the great god before which they bow downand worship. Nay,among sinners themselves, men whose character is not moral, there is, nevertheless, found an altar to this god withintheir hearts. I have known a drunkard self-righteous, for he has declared that he did not swear; and I have known a swearerself-righteous, for he trusted he should be saved because he did not steal. Until we are brought to know our own lost andruined condition, self-righteousness is the god before which every one of us will prostrate ourselves. Oh, my dear friends,if we haveworshipped God in this house to-day, let us go home determined to aim a blow, by the help of God, at self righteousness;let us go home and prostrate ourselves before God, and cry-

"Vile and full of sin I am."

"Lord, I confess before thee, that I have no good works in which to trust, no self-righteousness on which I can rely. I castmy boastings away; I come to thee as a poor, guilty, helpless sinner; 'Lord, save, or I perish.'" That is the way to dashdown this god. Paul once worshipped this mighty one, and worshipped him so well, that, after the "most straitest sect of hisreligion, he lived a Pharisee." Never, in his opinion, so good a man as himself. He served this god withall his mind, and soul, and strength. But, once upon a time, as he was going to Damascus to sacrifice to this god withthe blood of believers in Christ, the Lord Jesus looked upon him out of heaven, and said, "Saul, Saul, why persecutest thoume?" Prostrate tell Saul, and down went his self-righteousness too. Afterwards, you might hear him say, "God forbid that Ishould glory, save in the cross of Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world." May we all go homethus,and pull down our self-righteousness. Stop a moment, I am not quite sure that we can do this all at once. My self-righteousness I feel in my own heart, as something like those colossal statues of Egypt, and when I try to break itin pieces, I can but disfigure it; I manage to break a chip off here and a chip off there, but still there stands the statue,not in all its former symmetry, but still there. At any rate, if you and I cannot wholly get rid of our self-righteousness,let us neverlay down the axe and the hammer until we have destroyed it. Let us go home to-day and have another blow at this old foe;let us go home to have another dash at the colossal god, and let us take up the chisel and the hammer, and once more try todisfigure him. This is the proper result of the ministrations of God's Word, to destroy and cut in pieces, and utterly breakdown our self-righteousness.

There are other gods still worshipped in this world, to be execrated with unrelenting indignation. There is one which is certainto be broken, so sure as ever a man becomes a Christian: I mean Bacchus, that jolly god whom so many adored in days of yore with mad revelry, and who is still worshipped by tens of thousands ofEnglishmen. Perhaps he is the great god of Britain. I am certain he has many temples, for there is scarcely a corner of anystreet in which we donot behold his image, or see his votaries pouring out libations before him. He is a god that is worshipped with reelingto and fro, and staggering. Men become drunken in his presence, and so do him homage. Now, ye that are drunkards, if ye becomeChristians, that will turn your cup bottom upwards once and for ever. There will be no more inebriety for you now. By thegrace of God you will say, "They that be drunken are drunken in the night, but let us who are of the day be sober. I renouncethispractice of drunkenness, I can have nothing more to do with it." Bless God there are many here present who have gone outof this hall to demolish this god. Oh! if it were right to relate the cases that have been told privately to us, we couldtell you this very day, not of one, or two, or twenty but of hundreds, who, as we believe, once made their homes a hell, whotreated their wives with brutality and their children with neglect; whose homes were empty, because every article they hadwas soldfor accursed drink. They have heard the gospel not in word only, but also in power, and now their home is a paradise,their house is made glad with prayer, their children are brought up in the fear of the Lord. We have seen the wife's tearof gladness when she said, "The Lord be blessed for ever, and blessed be the name of the gospel, for a wretched woman hasbeen made happy, and she who was but a drudge and a slave to one who was like a fiend, has now become the companion of onewhom shereckons to be little short of an angel." Ay, may this be the effect with some of you, for there are some such here to-day, I doubt not, who still worship this all-degrading deity, the deity of drunkenness.

Let me tell you of another god, which is to be pulled down as certainly by any man who worships Jehovah aright, and that isthe god of lust; Oh! this world is not so good as it seems to be. You scarcely hear the minister in these days talk of whoremongers, adulterers,and such like: but they are not all dead. There are such to be found, such in every congregation, I fear. Our streets havenot yet become such as Chastity might pace at midnight, nor are the chiefplaces of the earth become clean and purified. There is much hidden pollution to be dragged forth, and cast into Kishon.Even in high places, sin is tolerated, men are respectable who have sent their fellow-creatures to hell, and are going therethemselves; but once let grace come into the heart, and away with these: the most darling lust is given up, and that whichwas thought to be the greatest pleasure, is now looked upon with abhorence and detestation. If thou, my hearer, livest inlust,and yet dost make profession of religion, away with thy profession, for it is an awful lie. Away with that profession,for it is an empty vanity! away with it! It will but add to thy destruction, and cannot save thee from the dreadful doom ofthe man that goeth on in his iniquity. A happy thing it is for a man when he goes from the house of God, with the resolvethat lust shall be abandoned, and every sinful pleasure cast away.

There are, too, the gods of business, but I must not touch upon them, of course. The minister has nothing to do with business, he is told. Keep your counting-housedoor bolted always, let not the minister inside. But the minister knows why he is shut out. Is it not because there are secretsof your prisonhouse which you would not have revealed? There are things done which pass for honest among tradesmen, that ifput in the balance of the sanctuary are found verywanting. I would that the result of our preaching upon our hearers should be such that their actions should be more uprightand their conduct more Christ-like in their daily business. I have heard of a woman who once went to hear a minister, andwhen he called to see her on the Monday, he asked her what the text was. She replied, "It was a blessed sermon to me, sir,but I forget the text." "Well, what was the subject, my good woman." "Oh! I do not know; I forget now." "Well," said he, "itcannot have done you any good then." "Yes it did," said she, "for though I forgot the sermon, I did not forget to burnmy bushel when I got home." The fact was, she had a bushel that gave false measure to her customers, and although she forgotwhat the sermon was about, she did not forget to burn her false measure. If any of you are in business and have false measures,though you may forget what I say, do not forget to break your yard measure, and to have your weights set right, and to remodelyour business, and "to do unto others as ye would they should do unto you." Break the gods of your business in pieces,if so be ye have not followed with your whole heart the statutes of the God of Israel. If you cannot serve God in your dailybusiness, then give such business up, or alter it so that you can.

Say now, who is there among us who has not some image to break? I have thought sometimes that I had broken all mine at oneseason, for I have had the will to do it; but lo! I have walked through the temple of my heart, and I have seen in some darkcorner an idol still standing. Let it be cast down, I have said; and I have used the sledge-hammer upon it. But when I thoughtI had cleared all away, there was still one gigantic figure standing there; for you may be sure thatthere is one idol of which we can never thoroughly cleanse our hearts though we try and though by God's strength we givehim a blow every day. It is the god of pride. He changes his shape continually; sometimes he calls himself humility, and we begin to bow before him, till we find we aregetting proud of our humility. At another time he assumes the fashion of conscientiousness, and we begin to carp at this andcavil at the other, and all the while we are tampering with our own professedsanctity, and are bowing before the shrine of religious pride. We think sometimes we are praising God when we are praisingourselves, and we pray at times that God may prosper us in doing good, and our greatest desire is to be honored, not thathis name should be glorified. This idol must be cast down; but it is of such a form and such a shape, that I suppose it willfare like Dagon. When the ark was brought into the house, it is said Dagon fell upon his face to the ground before the arkof theLord, and his head and the palms of his hands were cut off, nevertheless the stump of Dagon remained. So will it be withus, I fear the stump of Dagon will still remain, do what we may. Then let us each to day go home to our closet and begin toopen the door of the chambers of our hearts, and walk through them all, and say "What have I to break, what have I to knockdown, what have I to destroy;" and let us be very careful that we do destroy all that we can get near. Oh my hearers! howI wishwe were more watchful of the effects produced in ourselves by preaching.

II. Let us now go a step further, and consider what it is to CUT DOWN THE GROVES. Groves are the places where those imageshave been set up. There was nothing, mark you, positively sinful in the grove. There could not be anything wrong in a clusterof trees. They were very beautiful-they were the work of God, but they had been used for an idolatrous purpose, and, thereforedown they must come. Had some of the lax professors of this age been present, they would have said,"Break the god,"-that is right enough. Hammer away at him, dash him to pieces, but don't cut down the trees. You may usethem for very proper purposes. Why, you may even go there to pray. There you may sit and refresh yourself, and beneath theirgrateful shade you may even worship the true God. "Nay," say these reformers. "We will cut down the trees and all, becausethe images have been harboured under their covert," Now, I am going to lift the axe to clear away some of the trees, wheresomeof you at least have defiled yourselves with the false gods of this world's idolatry. The first grove of trees, at whichI must strike, is the theater. I am told by some, that in the theater there is much that might do good. There are plays, they inform me, that might be profitablyheard, and I believe there are. I am told, again, that there is something so pleasant, so agreeable, so interesting in themthat one might be instructed there: and that especially do the plays of Shakespearecontain such noble sentiments, that a man must feel his soul elevated and his heart expanded while witnessing their performance.Nevertheless I will have this grove down, every bit of it. It is all very well for you to eulogize it; I will not argue withyou; but false gods have been worshipped in these places, and are being worshipped still; so hew down every tree of them.Oh! you would have them spared, would you? Why, which tree in the whole grove is undefiled by a harlot? Which theater inthe world is not the very den and nest of abominable iniquity, obscenity, and lust? Is it possible for any man to enterand come out of one of them without defilement? If it be possible, I suppose it is only so with men who are so bad that theycannot be made worse than they are, and therefore cannot be defiled. To the Christian mind, there is something hideous inthe whole matter. He may believe that there were times when the theater might have been profitable. He looks back to the daysof theGreeks and Romans, and feels that then it might have been the lever of civilization. But since those old times, he findsthat the devil has become the god of the theater, and the god that is diligently worshipped there is none other than Beelzebub.And therefore he says, "No, if I be a Christian, by the grace of God, I will never tread that floor again. Let others go thereif they please. If they can find an interest under the shadow of its trees, let them sit there; but I remember, in the dayswhen I went there, I worshipped Bacchus, I worshipped iniquities of every shape. For me to go there, would be to put myselfinto temptations way. Therefore I will down with the tree, I abhor it; I pass by on the other side, rather than come in contacteven with its shadow."

Now, men may make what apologies they please, but the thing is clear to me, that no man can be a true child of God and yetattend those haunts of vice. I care not though I may be thought too severe. We had better use severity than allow souls toperish unwarned God himself has annexed to the theater the warning of your own destruction; for, staring you in the face,there is a hand with these words written-"To the pit;" and, true enough, it is the short cut to hell, andto the pit that is bottomless. But there are other groves that must come down too; There is the tavern,-like the grove, a very excellent thing in itself; the tavern is needed in some places for the refreshment of travelers, andthe inn is a great advantage of civilization; but, nevertheless, the Christian man remembers, that in the tavern, false godsare worshipped; he recollects that the company of the taproom is not the fellowship of the saints, nor the general assemblyand church ofthe firstborn, whose names are written in heaven. The Christian may have to go into the tavern, his business may sometimestake him there; but he will be like a man going through a shower of rain; he will carry an umbrella, while he is going throughit, and he will get out of it as soon as he can. So will the Christian do, he will try and guard himself against evil whilehe is there, but not one moment longer will he stay than imperative necessity demands. The tavern, I have said, wasoriginally an institute of civilization, and it is at this day a thing that cannot be given up, but, notwithstanding this,let no Christian, nor any pretender to Christianity, resort habitually to such places, nor let him sit down with the profanewho generally assemble there. I believe there are Christian men who are often tempted into bad company by the benefit clubsand societies which are held in such places, if there are no benefit societies but those which are held in public-houses,trustto God, and have nothing to do with societies at all. But there are others; and you are under no necessity whatever, to injure and contaminate your character by connecting yourself with thosewho meet in such places and lead you into sin. "Well," says one, "but I can do it and yet I am not hurt." I dare say you can, I could not. If the coals did not burn me, yet they would blacken me; and, therefore, I would have nothing to do with them.There are some professors, however,who are like the old lady's coachman. She advertised for a coachman, and three waited on her. To one she said, "How nearcould you drive to danger?" "Madam," he replied, "I could drive, I dare say, within six inches, and yet be safe." "Then you will notsuit me at all," said she. She asked the next, "How near can you drive me to danger?" "I would drive within a hair's breadth.""Then you will not suit me." The third was asked, "How near can you drive to danger?" "Madam," said he, "thatis a thing I never tried; for I always drive as far off danger as ever I can." She said, "Then you will suit me." Thatis my advice to every professor of religion.

I must make the very same remark with regard to the pastimes, the puerile pastimes and enjoyments of the rich, and of thosewho meet for purposes, not of sin, but of what they call recreation. Dancing-the ball-room-is there anything sinful there? I say, No! no more than there was in the trees that surrounded theimage. But nevertheless, I will cut the trees down, because of their association with the images. I must have done with everyamusement of such a kindthat I could not appear before my God whilst in the act. The Christian is to recollect, that "in such an hour as he thinksnot the Son of Man cometh." Would he like his Master to come and find him in the society of the frivolous; engaged in thedizzy mazes of the dance? I trow not. Perhaps one of the last places he would like to be found in would be there. Dancing!while hell is filling and sinners are perishing! What! are Christian men to be the saviours of the world, and yet waste theirtimeso? Are there no poor to be relieved, no sick to be visited? Are there no dens of this great metropolis that need to bepried into by the servants of Christ? Are there no children to be taught, are there no aged men who need leading to Jesus;is there nothing to be done in this great vineyard-this great field of the Lord, so that a Christian could afford to wastehis time so? Let the worldling do it if he likes, we have no right to talk to him about it. But amusements that are rightfor himare not right for us. Let him do as he pleases, but we are the servants of God. We protest that all we have and all weare is given up to Christ, and can that be consistent with the waste of time that is involved in the frivolous amusementsin which so many are content to indulge? I do not condemn the thing itself, any more than I condemn the grove of trees. Icondemn it for its associations with many things that are to be avoided by the Christian; jesting, lascivious and foolishtalking, andmany unholy thoughts, that must necessarily arise. Down with the trees altogether, because there have false gods beenworshipped. You are too hard, a great deal, some will reply; well, I dare say I am, but I am not harder than God's Word. IfI am, whatever is not according to God's Word, reject; but you will not find me beginning to temporize just yet I assure you.While I know a thing to be true, I am not the man to stammer in speaking it. What I would not do myself I would not have othersdowho are Christian men, and who are followers of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Now, I must lift up the axe against another evil-books. There are many books that are to be so esteemed by the Christian man, that they must be cut down like the groves of trees,not because they are bad in themselves, mark, but because there false gods are worshiped. Novel-reading is the rage of thepresent day. I go to a railway bookstall, and I cannot see a book that I can read. I get one, and it is all trash. I searchto find something that would be reallyvaluable but I am told, "It would not sell here." The fact is, nothing will sell but that which is light, and frothy,and frivolous; so every traveler is compelled to consume such food as that, unless he carry something better with him. DoI, therefore, say, that the Christian man must condemn all reading of fiction and novels? No, I do not, but I do say, thatthe mass of popular books published under the name of Light Literature is to be eschewed and cut down, for the simple reasonthat themoral of it is not that of piety and goodness; the tendency of the reading is not to bring the Christian towards heaven,but rather to retard and impede him in his good course. I lift up my axe against many a work that I cannot condemn, if I lookat it abstractedly in itself, but which must come down, because I recollect how much of my own precious time I wasted in suchvapid reading, and how many years in which I might have had fellowship with Christ have been cast away, whilst I have beenfoolishly indulging a vicious taste for the romantic and the frivolous. No, there are many things which are not wrongin themselves, but which nevertheless must be given up by the true Christian, because they have had, and do have associationwith things positively wrong. Just as these groves must be cut down-not because there can be a sin in trees, but because thetrees have been associated with the worship of idols. You remember John Knox's memorable saying, when he turned the Romanistsout, he went straight away to pull down their chapels. He gathered the mob together, and began to overhaul the whole oftheir places of worship. Why should John Knox meddle with them? " I'll pull the nests down," said he, "then I shall be surethat the birds will never come back." So I would today. I would not only drive away the birds-the sin, the evil; but I wouldpull down the nest, so that there will be no temptation to you to come back again to the sin. "Come ye out from among them,andbe ye separate, and touch not the unclean thing, and I will be a father unto you." Come out from the world, ye childrenof Christ. Have naught to do with their enjoyments, nor with their devices. Follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. Go nota whoring after these iniquities, but drink thou waters out of thine own cistern, and be thou always ravished with his lovewho is thy Lord, thy husband, thy hope, thy joy, thine all.

III. Moreover, they not only broke the images, and cut down the groves, but they THREW DOWN THE HIGH PLACES, AND THE ALTERSOUT OF ALL JUDAH AND BENJAMIN. This was, perhaps, the least necessary work, but it showed the thoroughness of their desireto serve the Lord. These altars were built for the service of the true God, but they were built against his express command.God had said that he would have but one altar, namely, at Jerusalem. These people, to avoid inconvenienceand trouble, thought they would build altars, wherever they lived, and there celebrate their worship. I can conceive thatthey worshipped Jehovah with all their hearts, and that He might graciously accept even such worship as that through ChristJesus, overlooking their ignorance and casting their sin behind his backs. But now as their zeal was kindled, their consciencesbecame scrupulous, so they resolved not only to avoid, the things that are positively sinful but they would have nothing todo with anything that is not positively right. So they began to cast down the altars of God, because they were not builtaccording to God's law. This then is a third reformation, which ought to result from the ministry, and the assembling of thepeople together when we have times of refreshing from the presence of the Lord. There should be a casting down of everythingin connection with the true worship, that is not according to the law of God and the word of God. As it was with the worshipofIsrael of old, so it is now with that of the Christian church. The pure becomes alloyed with the base, that which is genuinewith that which is spurious, divine revelation with human tradition, and the inspired decrees of heaven with the inventionsand devices of the children of men. Some fallacies are perpetuated from generation to generation, until the deep hue of antiquitytinges them over, makes them look venerable and speciously invites a reverence and regard to which they never had anylegitimate claim. We have in this country, seven or eight different forms of the Christian religion. Some of these areat complete variance and contradiction with others. Some indeed, I verily think, are contradictory in themselves. We are all,I do trust, building on a sure foundation for eternity, if we believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and abide by the fundamentaldoctrines of the gospel, notwithstanding our many grievous discrepancies, which must involve error. Evangelical Christiansare tobe found in every sect and denomination, bearing the name of our one common Lord; yea, there are some who as yet havenever taken upon them his name by public profession, who devoutly follow him in secret. But, mark ye this, if the grace ofGod be once more restored to the church in all its fullness and the Spirit of God be poured out from on high, in all his sanctifyingenergy there will come such a shaking as has never been seen in our days. We want such an one as Martin Luther to rise fromhis tomb. If Martin Luther, were now to visit our so-called reformed churches, he would say with all his holy boldness"I was not half a reformer when I was alive before, now I will make thorough work of it." How he would adjure you to castaway your superstitions, to abolish all the rites and forms and ceremonies that are not of divine appointment, and once morein the integrity of simple faith, to worship the Lord God alone, in that way alone, which the Lord God himself has ordained.Let allthese, like those altars of Judaism, be cast down to the ground and utterly put away. I desire not only to be a Christian,but to be fully a Christian, walking in all the ways of my blessed Master, with a perfect heart, and I desire for all my brethrenand sisters in Christ here, not only that they may have grace enough to save their souls, but grace enough to purify themfrom all the devices of men, from every false doctrine, from every false practice, and every evil thing. Speak you now ofdoctrine? Are there not two kinds of doctrines professed among Christians, the one Arminian, and the other Calvinistic?We cannot be both right; it is impossible. The Arminian says, "God loves all men alike." "Not so," says the Calvinist. "Hehas proved to many of us by his free and distinguishing grace that he has given us more than others, not for the merit ofour deservings, but according to the riches of his mercy, and the counsel of his own will." The Arminian supposes, that Christhathbought all men with his blood, and yet that multitudes of these redeemed ones perish. The Calvinist holds, that none canperish for whom Jesus died-that his blood was never shed in vain and that of all those whom he hath redeemed, none shall everperish. The Arminian teaches that though a man should be regenerated and become a child of God to-day, he may to-morrow becast out of the covenant, and be as much a child of the devil as if no spiritual change had been wrought in him. "Not so,"saysthe Calvinist, "Salvation is of God alone, and where once he begins he never leaves off, until he has finished the goodwork." How obvious it is that we cannot both be right in matters about which we so widely differ. I exhort you, therefore,my brothers and sisters, after you have broken your images and cut down your groves, go a step further, and break down thefalse altars. I can only say for myself, "If I be wrong, I desire to be set right," and for you I am solemnly concerned, "Ifyou bewrong, may God help you to a right judgment, and bring you to see the truth, embrace it, and earnestly and valiantly maintainit. I like you to be charitable to others; but do not be too charitable to yourselves. Let others follow out their own conscientiousconvictions, but do you recollect, it is not your conscience that is to be your guide, but God's Word; and if your conscienceis wrong, you are to bring it to God's Word that it may be reproved and "transformed by the renewing of yourmind." It is for you to do what God tells you, as God tells you, when God tells you, and how God tells you.

Pardon me for a moment, if I should risk the displeasure of some I love by referring to an ordinance of the church about whichwe are likely to disagree. The sacred rite of baptism is administered in a great number of churches to little infants uponthe sponsorship of their guardians or friends, while many of us consider that Holy Scripture teaches that believers only (withoutrespect to their age at all) are the proper subjects of baptism, and that upon a personalprofession of their faith in Christ. I see a man take up an unconscious infant in his arms, and he says he baptizes it.When I turn to my Bible, I can see nothing whatever of this sort there. It is true I find the Lord Jesus saying, "Suffer littlechildren to come unto me," but that affords no precedent for carrying a little child to the minister, that could not come,that was too young to walk, much less to think and understand the meaning of these things. Yet more, when Jesus said "Sufferlittle children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of heaven"-they did come to him; butI do not find that he baptized or sprinkled them at all, he gave them his blessing and they went away. I am sure he did notbaptize them, for it is expressly said, "Jesus Christ baptized not, but his disciples." So, then, that passage does not favorthe Paedo-baptist, it is quite clear. I am informed however, that the reason why children are baptized is, that we are toldinthe Bible that Abraham's children were circumcised. This puzzles me. I cannot see any likeness at all between the twothings. But who were the persons circumcised? They were Israelites. Why were they circumcised? Because they were Israelites.That is the reason; and I say I would not hesitate to baptize any Christian, though he be a babe in Christ, as soon as heknows the Lord Jesus Christ, were he only eight days old in the faith, if he proves that he is an Israelite in the spirithimself, Iwill baptize him. I have nothing to do with his father or his mother in religion. Religion is a personal act all the waythrough; another man cannot believe for me, cannot repent for me; and another person cannot give for me the answer of a goodconscience toward God in baptism and have it done in my name. We must act on our own individual responsibility in religionby the grace of God, or else the thing is virtually not done at all. Now I believe many godly people do sincerely worshipGod atthis altar of infant baptism; but I am equally clear that it is my duty to do my utmost to break it down, for it is notGod's altar; God's altar is believers' baptism. What said Philip to the Eunuch? "If thou believest with all thine heart, thoumayest." "Lo! here is water," said the Eunuch. Yes, but that was not all; there must be faith, as well as water, before therecould be legitimate baptism; and every baptism that is administered to any man, except he asketh it himself, on professionofhis faith in Christ, is an altar at which I could not worship, for I do not believe it to be the altar of God, but analtar originally built at Rome, the pattern of which has been adopted here, to the marring of the union of the church, andto the great injury of souls. Now, all I ask from those who differ from me in opinion is, simply to look at the matter honestlyand calmly. If they can find infant baptism in the Bible, then let them practice it and worship there; if they cannot, letthem behonest, and come and worship at the altar of Jerusalem, and there alone. An old woman was once promised a Bible, if shecould find a text that sanctioned infant baptism. She could only find one, and that was, "Submit yourselves to every ordinanceof man, for the Lord's sake." The minister gave her the Bible for her ingenuity, admitting, that it was an ordinance of man,and no mistake. I quote this instance of infant baptism, as only one out of many corruptions that have crept into our churches.It is quite clear that all sects cannot be right. They may be right as to the main points essential to salvation, thoughin their discrepancies with one another they betray errors. I do not want you to believe that I am right. rather turn to Scripture,and see what is right. The day must come when Episcopacy, Independency, Wesleyanism, and every other system, must be readby the Word of God, and every form given up that is not approved before the Most High. I hope I shall always be able to liftup my voice against that charity growing up in our midst, which is not only a charity towards persons, but a charity towardsdoctrines. I here fervent charity towards every brother in Christ who differs from me. I love him for Christ's sake, and holdfellowship with him for the truth's sake: but I can have no charity for his errors, nor do I wish him to have any for mine.I tell him straight to his face, "If your sentiments contradict mine, either I am right and you are wrong, or you are rightand I am wrong; and it is time we should meet together and search the Word of God, to see what is right." Talk of yourEvangelical Alliances, and such like: they will never endure; they may effect many blessed purposes, but they are not theremedy that is wanted for our divisions. What is wanted is, for all of us to come to the model of the Word of God, and whenwe have come to that, we must come together. Let us all come "to the law and to the testimony." Let the Baptist, let the Independent,let the Churchman, lay aside his old thoughts, his old prejudices, and his old traditions, and let each man search forhimself, as in the sight of Almighty God, and some of the altars must go down, for they cannot all be after the divine type,when their dissimilarity is so palpable. May the Spirit of God be poured out in this land, and there will come a three-foldreformation, such as I have described; broken images, groves cut down, and fallen altars scattered to the winds. And yet,my dearhearers, I do not ask you to attend to this last thing first. It is unimportant, compared with the first. The images arefirst to be burned, then sinful customs are to be given up, and after that let the church be reformed. Each of these in itsproper place and due order is important, and all must be attended to. Yet once more, my hearer, before I send thee away letme put one pertinent and pressing question to thee. What hast thou got by all thy hearing of God's Word? Some of you haveheardsermons beyond count; you can hardly reckon the number of gospel ministers to whom you have listened. What good have youobtained as the result of them all? Have you been led to repentance? Have you been brought to faith? Are you made "a childof God and an inheritor of the kingdom of heaven." If not, I solemnly remind thee that all thy church goings and chapel goingsare increasing thy condemnation. Unless thou repentest, these priviliges shall rise up in judgment against thee to condemnthee.Woe unto thee, London, woe unto thee, for if the words which have been preached in thy streets had been proclaimed inSodom and Gomorrah, they had repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. Woe unto you, ye sons and daughters of pious parents,children trained in the Sunday-school, hearers of God's Word; for "except ye repent, it shall be more tolerable for Tyre andSidon in the day of judgment than for you." "I speak as unto wise men; judge ye what I say," and may God guide you aright.