Sermon 3462. To the Rescue
A SERMON PUBLISHED ON THURSDAY, JUNE 10, 1915.
DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,
AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.
"Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive be delivered?" Isaiah 49:24
IN the days when this prophecy was written, there were certain great nations of the earth that sought and obtained their wealth,not by commerce, but by force-not by fair trading, but by fiercely invading their richer neighbors. The Babylonians and theChaldeans gathered together great armies and then pounced upon small territories, such as those at Israel and Judea, and carriedoff all the substance of the inhabitants as a prey. When the marauding host, flushed with victory, was returning home withits booty, it would have been a very dangerous thing to attempt to rescue the spoil. "Shall the prey be taken from the mighty?"What a great king has captured and what his mighty hosts have fought for- shall this be taken from them? Where are the warriorsthat have strength and numbers enough to attack the victors as they return with the spoil? Sometimes treaties were brokenand then the Babylonians made that a pretext for taking the people away captive. They were "lawful captives," as they hadbroken certain conditions and made themselves subject, according to the articles of war, to be lawfully taken prisoners. Nowwhere such is the case, when enraged kings and princes have taken cities which have proved traitorous to them, shall anybodydeliver the prisoners? Who shall step in between the monarch and his righteous captive? That is the literal meaning of theverse, "Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive be delivered?" It was first applicable to the Jewishpeople. They were taken into captivity in Babylon. Shall they ever be set free?
God declared that they should be delivered, and so they were. In due time they came up without price or reward into theirown land. God had promised it by His Word, and by His Providence He performed it. Leaving, however, this primary literal interpretation,we intend to draw your attention to the spiritual sense, and to ask the question concerning some of you whom it most intimatelyconcerns. If it should appear that you are "prisoners," and that, according to the conditions of your captivity, you are "lawfulcaptives," you will see and feel the urgency of the matter! "Is it possible for you to be set free?" Is there any arm thathas strength enough to tear off your fetters? We will begin by describing-
I. THE NATURAL CAPTIVITY IN WHICH EVERY UNREGENERATED MAN IS HELD.
Every creature of Adam born, who has not been saved by Grace, is a prisoner to sin. He is a lawful captive to God's Law. Hisnature is in thralldom under the power and dominion of sin, for that nature is evil. The man does not sin by accident-he sinsbecause he wills to sin! He wishes to do it-he takes delight in it-he casts his heart into it. As the fish naturally swimsin the stream, so the unconverted man finds sin congenial to his depraved instincts. He chooses to do that which is evil,and revels therein! He omits to do that which is good, and recoils from it. Who shall set free the man whose nature is thusenslaved? Moreover, the chains of habit become more and more highly riveted on those who indulge their lusts, but never restraintheir passions. Time was when you hesitated whether to follow the pleasure that allured you, or to heed the conscience thatwould restrain you. Then you chose the wrong-and now the Ethiopian might sooner change his skin, or the leopard his spots,than you can change your guilty propensities-so hard is it for the man accustomed to do evil to learn to do well! As welltry to reverse the course of the sun, or make the waters of Niagara return to their source, or check the north wind in itsfury, or stop the rising tide, as hope to make men cease from ways which by constant repetition and steady accumulation overa long course of years have acquired the force of a natural disposition and produced an unmistakable type of character! Unhappily,too, custom, of which it has been well said that it is the law of fools, gives sanction to vices which would otherwise beabhorrent. A man will willingly consent to be the slave of sin because his fellow man sins after the same fashion. He mustdo this and that because his neighbors or his comrades do the
same. Why should he be different? Why should he swim against the general current? If others see no harm, feel no compunctionand find it pleasant sport, why should he not join them? Is it not always more lively to follow the multitude? What road isbetter than the broad road where all sorts of good company may be met with? And, brethren, the less scrupulous men are, themore self-complacent they become. Mirth, it would seem, extracts the venom from sin, and wit can robe ribaldry in innocence.But be not deceived! The customs you adopt and the habits you cherish combine with the depravity of your own nature to welda chain which the strength of Hercules could not snap-a chain that makes the creature an abject slave to the flesh, insteadof a liege subject of his adorable Creator.
Each man, according to his own order, has some peculiar chain to bind and chafe him. There are aberrations to which the constitutionis prone. There are temptations to which one's business or employment expose him. And there may be entanglements in the socialrelationships and the home circle that involve a heavy bondage. Raging passions, restless anxieties and rigorous circumstancescarry men far out to sea and leave them to the tender mercy of the waves and breakers. They seem to be as powerless to resistas the chaff in the wind that blows from side to side on the summer threshing floor. Like some bird borne out to sea by animpetuous hurricane, they cannot stem the torrent! They are hurried away whether they will it or not. But, alas, alas, theirwill concurs! They do not struggle or contend for the right, but where their passions bear them, there do they float! 'Tisso with some men. The slavery of other men consists in their self-righteousness. They do not hold themselves guilty of anycrime. They have always acquitted themselves to their own satisfaction. As for their transgressions, they are trifles! Theyaccount themselves as good as their neighbors in all respects and in some points better. And because of this, is their conceit.Repentance they will not practice! Remission they will not seek! In vain the Gospel tells them that they are lost! To themthe Gospel is a fiction-a thing scarcely consonant with the delicacy of their feelings. They will try to find a way to Heavenby their merits! Why need they cry, "God be merciful to me, a sinner"? What need for them of scalding tears of penitence?What occasion for them to fly to the blood of sprinkling to be cleansed? They are not conscious that they are foul! Othersmay say-
"Black, I to the Fountain fly." But they are not conscious that they are black and, therefore, to no fountain will they resort.This is another chain and how heavy an one it is! How difficult to take it off! Some of the victims of self-flattery are fasterbound and harder to set free than the most reckless and profligate of their neighbors, with whom they would count it an insultto compare them!
So it was in Christ's days. Publicans and harlots, the dregs of the town, the refuse of the population, entered into the Kingdomof God, hailed it with joy and were received into it with welcome, while Scribes and Pharisees, the upper circle of society,the chief and representative men of the synagogue, clogged and bound with their self-righteousness, scorned the sinner's hope,refused the Savior-King, and perished in their infatuation! And oh, how many are there upon whose hearts a willful unbelieflays its icy chains. They ask for evidences and proofs, only to rebut them. They are shown signs and wonders, but they merelycast discredit on them till their hearts grow more callous. No reasons will weigh with them. To give reasons may be easy enoughfor us, but to impart reason to them is difficult. Indeed, to furnish motives that would suffice to move their understandingto discern Him were a miracle! Cut the ground from under their feet. Let them look confused. No, let them acknowledge themselvesnon-suited-
"Convince a man against his will, He is of the same opinion still." His conversion is as far off as ever. A new difficultyand a fresh dilemma will they start. Making sport of matters too weighty to be trifled with, they raise another question andargue another point. So perverse do they become that they could argue themselves into Hell! At issue with their own mercies,they contend with all the might of logic against the Cross of Christ. Unwilling to yield obedience to the precepts, they castdiscredit on the promises of the Gospel. How hard it is to rescue men that are thus manacled and fettered, whose heads andhearts are alike enslaved! We have known sad cases-and those not among the most hopeless-of persons carried away and led aprey to despair because they are too guilty in their own apprehensions to obtain mercy, therefore they will not repent! Supposingthat there can be no pardon for them, they sit down in sullen rebellion against God-they will not believe in Jesus Christwhom He has sent. Because they have sinned so much, therefore they will even sin more! And because the disease is so dreadful,they will, therefore, decline to adopt the remedy. Oh, miserable souls! To what a plight do such arguments reduce you! Yethow many unhap-
py creatures are subject to such thralldom, we, who have to deal with them, find out! And how hard it is to take the preyfrom the mighty and to deliver these lawful captives, we know too well.
And are not full many of you chained hand and foot-fastened, as it were, in the stocks-your spirits so crushed that you cannotmove? You have forgotten the meaning of spiritual liberty, if you ever had an idea of it. By nature, lost, by practice, lost,by custom, led astray, by evil habits, bound and fettered, by all manner of vice, enslaved, you are under the dominion ofSatan! But the worst remains to be told. That which aggravates the horror of the situation is this-that such persons are lawfulcaptives to the Law of God. They have violated the precepts, transgressed the ordinances, offended the Divine Majesty-therefore,they must be punished! It is inevitable that every offense against God's Law should ensure the penalty due to the offender.God will by no means spare the guilty! From Sinai's summit there sounds no note of mercy. Justice and judgment hold undisputedsway. "Cursed is everyone that continues not in all things that are written in the Book of the Law, to do them." That cursefalls on everyone of us by nature-it leaves us bruised and mangled, and incapable of rescue! Who can deliver the man who isGod's lawful captive? Who can claim exemption for him that has broken God's Law? Such is the helpless, hopeless case of thesinner! Believe me, I do not overstate it. Though my words may sound rough, they do not fully describe the state that youare in, my unconverted Friend. You are in such a state, that unless One interpose for you whom I will tell you of soon-youwill have but a short reprieve! From the haunts of your folly, from the scenes of your toil, from the home of your affections,you will, before long, be taken to the place where hope will never dawn upon you! You are lost-now you are already condemned!If Infinite Mercy prevents not, the Pit will soon shut its mouth upon you. Although my words were never so weighty, they couldnot be weighty enough to fitly describe your momentous peril! It is not possible for human language to set out the horrorof an impenitent soul, the terrible condition of a sinner at enmity with his God! Oh, you may dress up your person, you maymake merry and spend your little day in frivolity, but you cannot avert the summons that awaits you! Were you wise, you wouldconsider this and you would heed the voice that says, "God is angry with the wicked every day." Nor would you ever rest tillthat anger was appeased and you were reconciled to God by the only method through which reconciliation can be found!
The more we consider this question before us, the more does the hopelessness of finding any answer to it, apart from the Revelationof the Gospel, appear "Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive be delivered?" Answer-no, no, most emphaticallyno! The thing is beyond all human power. Look first at the man, the hapless victim- he has lost the will to be delivered-likeyou may have seen, sometimes, in the Zoological Gardens, a small creature given to a voracious serpent for food. The reptilefixes its eyes upon its prey, which seems to be quite unconscious of what is coming. Calm, still, motionless, it is fascinated-charmedeither by the brightness of the serpent's eyes, or by some kind of influence unknown to us exercised over it-until the monsterdarts at him and devours him! Even so does the unconverted man offer no resistance to the Destroyer! It has been said thatbirds have been so fascinated by serpents as to fly to their foe and put themselves within his reach. Who can save the manthat is determined to venture life and soul upon a hazard that every onlooker sees must end in death? Sitting, sometimes,in your little chamber with an open window on a summer's evening, you may have watched a moth that has dashed into your candle.In vain you have taken it up and put it away, but no sooner has it recovered strength enough than it darts back again to theflame! You put your hand out and stop it-it is but for a little while that you can keep it from its destruction, for it isdesperately set on mischief and bent on suicide! So it is with man. Either with naked overt sin, or else with covert lustand ill pretense, he is so besotted and fascinated that he will plunge his soul into ruin! Who can deliver the man who resistsdeliverance? Who can save the man who will not avail himself of succor? Can the prey be taken from the mighty? Will eloquenceavail? It has been tried and it has failed over and over again! There was never a soul divorced from his sins by the blandishmentsof rhetoric! You cannot persuade men to give up their favorite passions by goodly words. The trembling pathos or the witheringscorn of your address will prove, alike, unavailing.
Beza once preached to a heap of stones, and, I doubt not, that the result was quite as happy as any that I could anticipatefrom an audience like the present, unless the Spirit of God shall move upon the hearts of those who lend their ears. Melancthonthought that he might convert everybody by the force of his argument and the fervor of his manner, but after a while he saidthat old Adam was too strong for young Melancthon. The devil is not to be driven out of his stronghold by music's meltingmystic lay, nor yet by the declaimer's subtle art, though he is like one that plays well upon an instrument. "Cannot evilbe dislodged," some will ask, "and cannot the captive be set free by sacred rites and ceremonies?" The experiment is attemptedin our day all over this country! With what success judge you? We are told that men can be regenerated by baptism-and we haveseen these regenerated infants develop into what, to our minds, was nothing more than "baptized heathens, washed to deeperstains." All the ceremonies that can possibly be practiced, with the sanction of antiquity or the invention of modern priestcraftto recommend them, can have no effect in changing the bias of the human will, or in renewing the qualities of human nature!The disease is too deep and too irritant for the prescription to grapple with as a remedy. As well hope to vanquish Leviathanwith a straw as to drive out the devil with a ceremony! Oh, no, the captive is not delivered thus. But could not a man deliverhimself from his sins if he were to desperately strive? Yes, Brothers and Sisters, there is the pinch-that, "iff" Therein-inthat, "if"-you touch the seat of the delinquency! Men do not, will not, cannot strive! They are so held by the morbid veinand malevolent propensity of their own nature, and by the fatal obstinacy of their own disposition, that they treat the Gospelof the Grace of God with the most bitter aversion-and the "if" becomes the master! They do not, will not, cannot be inducedto strive! What says Christ about it? "You will not come unto Me that you might have life." Well, but could not they havecome if they would? Yes, but there is the rub-they wouldnot if they could! "How often would I have gathered your childrentogether as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, but you would not." There, Sinners, is the pith of the indictment!Were it said you couldnot, you might find an excuse, but it is charged against you that you willnot, and this is damnable!
Did man sin by compulsion, I see not how he could be blamed, but since his sin is voluntary and he recklessly chooses theevil, clings to it and will not give it up, the slavery becomes the more obnoxious! When the iron enters into the soul andthe man becomes a slave, not merely through misfortune, but through very baseness of heart and prostitution of his naturetill he is ground down to be a serf of Satan and a drudge of sin, his wretchedness entitles him to little pity! The man isso far sunk that he cannot, will not deliver himself! No others can deliver him. Bound hand and foot, the prey of the mightyand the lawful captive-oh, Lord, what can be done for him? Do I hear anyone say, "Perhaps as he grows older the power of sinwill grow weaker"? I have heard that suggestion many times but my solemn conviction is that if you want the worst of man,you will find them among the oldest of men! And if you seek a confirmed criminal, you most generally find him with gray hairsupon his head. Have you never noticed in the annals of the Church who were the men that fell most grievously? I never readin all of God's Book of such instances of foul defection among young Believers as I do among the venerable sires whose nameshave come to be like a tower of strength in their generation! The youths were weak and knew it-and God kept them. But Lotwas an old man when he committed incest, even as Noah before him had long years, ripe experience, and rich honors on his sidewhen he defiled himself with drunkenness! David was far past the prime of life when he coveted Bathsheba and slew Uriah, herhusband, with the sword of the children of Amman. Peter, when he denied his Master, was no raw recruit! His Master had pronouncedon him high encomiums and endowed him with rich blessings. The fact is, when we begin to lean on experience, we grow weak!Temptation, instead of getting weaker with our age, gets stronger. The passions which we thought would expire when the heatof youth had evaporated, become more fierce as we grow more infirm till some lusts are more rampant in those who have theleast power to gratify them! In whose breast does avarice rage with the most unquenchable ardor but in that of the man whois lingering on the margin of life, about to quit the world? He, indeed, in the course of nature, is the most loath to partwith the gold that he has scraped together! Portray the miser. Do you not picture to yourselves the skeleton with bald scalp,wan visage, and withered fists, knocking at death's door? Ah, no, the devil does not release his grasp because our eyes waxdim and our senses grow dull. Instead, thereof, he seems to hold the victim more tightly. The thralldom of a man does notslacken as his vital powers wane. If one passion expires, another takes its place. Could we imagine that the power of evilmight sometimes sleep, we might imagine that the man might escape! Thus we read of Giant Despair in the Pilgrims Progress,that in the night Christian and Hopeful, when the Giant was taken with a shivering fit, made their escape. Yes, but they werechildren of God, and not mere natural men! In the case of the sinner there is no sleeping of the foe. The power of evil hasthe sinner under its control and never refrains its dreadful watch. He is held whether he is alone or in public-he is watchedby night and by day, nor is it possible by accident or stratagem that the captive should get free.
So far the story is all black, and, like Ezekiel's roll, it is written within and without with lamentation. Remember, Friend,that while I speak to you, it is of you I speak, if you are not a Believer in Jesus! Unconverted men and women, to you I addressthese solemn words of God's own Truth! You are the prey of the Mighty, and the captive of God's Law!
Can you be delivered? Can you be redeemed? We now turn to the brighter side of our picture-to the more cheerful aspect ofour text-
II. CAN THE PREY BE RESCUED? CAN THE CAPTIVE BE DELIVERED? WE ANSWER, HE CAN.
Yes, Sinner, you can! Your nature can be radically changed. Your habits can be snapped. Custom can lose its spell. Your besettingsins can be put under your feet and those vices which you now cling to with tenacity, you can be made to hate with deepestabhorrence! And this can be done for you, done now, done without preparation. But where is He that can achieve it? Ah, Heis present with us here, though not to be seen by the eye-the Holy Spirit of God! Be You worshipped, O most Holy Spirit! Thereis one whom God has been pleased to give to His Church, who has the power to enlighten the understanding, to renew the will,to change the affections-in a word, to make us "new creature in Christ Jesus." That Holy Spirit is God! Know that unless thesame God who first made Adam and Eve in the Garden comes and makes us new, we can never be saved! There must be as great amiracle performed upon you, dear Friend, as if you should be killed, put into the grave, and then be raised up again to liveanew. God must create you a second time! He must quicken you in Christ Jesus unto good works! "Is that ever done?" asks one.It is often done! There are hundreds here on whom that strange transformation has passed, so that they are no longer whatthey were. "Old things have passed away, and all things have become new." You cannot work this of yourself. No priest caneffect it, but the Holy Spirit can produce it. He can complete it NOW, so great is His power-so Divine!
I could give you many living proofs. Memorable, however, is one that the New Testament history will not suffer you to doubt.There was Saul, the hater of Christ! The persecutor of Christians-a Pharisee, desperately resolved to oppose and efface theChristian faith! He had hunted out the Brethren in Jerusalem. He had forced them to blaspheme by his cruelty. He had obtainedletters from the high priest and he was on his road to Damascus, saying to himself, "I will harass them. I will make theseprofessors of the Christian religion bite their tongues! I will scourge them in the Synagogues. I will weary them of trustingin the Nazarene." He is proudly on his horse-it is about the noon of day-the orange groves of Damascus are just coming intoview, when suddenly a light brighter than the meridian sun, shines round about him! Astonished and blinded, he falls to theground. Soon a Voice rings in his ears, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute Me?" That Voice pierced his heart and entered intohis understanding. He soon perceived that the Christ whom he was persecuting was God's own Son and he quickly answered, "Whoare You, Lord" To this question the Voice replied, "I am Jesus, whom you persecute. It is hard for you to kick against thepricks." Thus he found out his mistake! He had been persecuting the Christ, the Messiah, ignorantly supposing that he hadbeen hunting down an impostor! It was all he needed-he arose, blind, it is true, yet he saw more than he ever beheld before!So they led him by the hand and brought him into Damascus.
Oh, what a change had passed over him! What an altered man was he! Within three days, Ananias, an obscure Christian Brother,is instructing him in the faith and saying to him, "Brother Saul, receive your sight." He is baptized, and not many days afteryou find him in the synagogue, not to persecute, but to proselyte! Not to betray the saints, but to testify of the Savior!Through all his later life you can discern the sincerity of his profession, the fervor of his spirit, the unwavering attachmentof his soul to the Person of Christ-and the steadfast confidence of his faith in the Atonement! "God forbid," he says, "thatI should glory save in the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ." For Him he could say, "I have suffered the loss of all things,and do count them but dung that I may win Christ and be found in Him." A like change must be worked in you! It can be workedin you! It has been worked in many of us! It can be worked in you at this good hour! "Oh," says one, "I wish it were. Whatcan I do towards it?" I will tell you. I spoke of a lawful captive. Now you are in the condition of a lawful captive. Sinceyou have broken God's Law, justice demands that punishment in full measure should be meted out to you. This is inevitable.Every sinner stands accountable for his sins and every sinner must receive its due recompense! But listen. Listen to thisand believe it-God, Himself, in the Person of His dear Son, out of pure love to you, came down into this world and He sufferedwhat you ought to have suffered! For all who believe in Jesus, Jesus Christ suffered the penalty due for them! "What?" saysone, "If I trust Jesus Christ to save me, do I understand you to say, then, all that is due to me on account of sin, Christhas already borne?" I do say that! I say, you are immediately forgiven and, henceforth, secure against the wrath of God-ifyou can trust Jesus Christ with your whole heart! Because He lived, and loved, and died for such as you are, you are forgiven!God loves you! The past is blotted out of His Book.
"Oh," you say, "is that true?" Most certainly true! Only put your trust in Christ, now, and this is true to you. Your sinsare gone, your iniquities are blotted out!
Now I think I hear some dear soul say, "Well, I do believe it. Yet I can hardly realize it-the mercy seems so great. Oh, whatlove God must have to me! What tender melting pity the dear Son of God must have had towards me, that He should give Himselfto die for me!" Are you favorable to this? Then it is done! You are changed! Already you are talking as you did not use totalk-your heart is now towards God, as it was not before-the Holy Spirit has blest the story of the love of Christ to you,and that love of Christ has been the key that has turned your heart right around! Have you believed this with all your heart?Then you will be a new man from this time forth! You will not love what you loved before. The people of God whom you oncedespised, you will honor, for you will say, "I am one of them! Christ has washed me in His blood. I was, I know not what inwickedness, but it is all gone! God has blotted out my transgressions. My God is reconciled. His love I feel within my heart!Oh, how I repent of all my sins against Him! Lord, help me to give up everything that is impure in thought, or word, or deed.The dearest thing I have, if it stands against You, O Lord, I will renounce it and away with it! Down with you, my sins! Downwith you, my lusts! Away, you drunkard's cups! Away, far away, be the company of the profane and the songs of the lascivious!From this time forth, be gone from me!-I cannot bear you any longer! My God has made me to love Him because He first lovedme! Now, from this day on, I am a new creature, pardoned, purified, welcomed, accepted in Christ. Take me, Lord! Declare meto be Your own! You have bought me with Your blood, anointed me with Your Spirit, acknowledged me as Your child. Take me andmake use of me to Your Glory. Whether I live or die, may I praise Your dear name."
I recollect hearing an old sailor say, "I have had the devil's black flag at my masthead for 60 years, but, by the Grace ofGod, I have run it down, tonight, and I put up the red Cross flag of the Lord Jesus." Oh, Holy Spirit, come work this wonderin many hearts! So shall the "prey be taken from the mighty, and the lawful captive be delivered." Oh, would not some of yourneighbors be surprised if you were to go home a Christian? Others of you, who have always been moral and outwardly religious-wereyou to declare to your companions the great things God has done for you, and show them the reality and power of saving Grace-theymight laugh at you, and say, "Well, but where have you been? You must have been among the Methodists, I should think, andlearned their cant." How thunderstruck they would be at you! To this end is our preaching! May such miracles be worked inthe name of Jesus. Let the sot become sober, let the churl grow kind, let the covetous man be generous, let the careless turnprayerful, let the formalist seek after that which is spiritual! Transformations of character like these tell their own story!And while the change is transparent, your kinsfolk and acquaintances will take care that it fails not to be talked about!
Glory to God! He can break chains of adamant and He often does deliver just those very people that we do not think He wouldtake. I believe that in Infinite Mercy He often looks round to find out a ringleader. There he is! Conspicuous for his vice,proclaiming his own shame! The Gospel musket is leveled at him and down he comes! When an officer in the devil's army fallsthere is a great cry! God is glorified, the man is saved, and the ranks of the enemy are weakened! Oh, that some such mightbe brought to Christ tonight-some proud formalist, some mere churchgoer or chapelgoer, whose whole religion lies in conformingto a few paltry sacraments, or in adopting a few Non-Conformist sentiments! Oh, that God would strike such an one's heartright through and make real heart-work of it with him from this day forth, even forever!
I do hope, as I beat the recruiting drum, there will be some that will come to the standard that have been bold soldiers ofthe devil, and that they will be quite as bold soldiers of Jesus Christ! My heart longs to know if it is so! Be not slow atonce to tell what Grace has done for you, and be not slack afterwards to fight for Him who lived, and loved, and died foryou!
God bless the Word to everyone of you for His name's sake! Amen.
EXPOSITION BY C. H. SPURGEON: ROMANS 4:1-20.
Verses 1-3. What shall we say, then, that Abraham our father, aspertaining to the flesh, has found? For if Abraham were justifiedby works, he has whereof to glory, but not before God. For what says the Scripture? Abraham believed
God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. He stands as the great Father of Believers, and this is the charter givento him, and given to all Believers in him. "Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness."
4. Now to him that works is the reward not reckoned of Grace, but of debt That is to say, to him who hopes to be saved byhis works, to whom salvation is of merit, he has worked for the reward-has earned it-do not talk about Grace in that case!
5. But to him that works not, but believes on Him that justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Thisis the man who does not go upon the line of works-who does not rest in his works at all, or bring them as a price to God."His faith is counted for righteousness." It is a very wonderful thing that faith should stand in the stead of righteousness,and should make righteous all those that believe in God by Jesus Christ!
6-8. Even as David also describes the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputes righteousness without works, saying, Blessedare they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.Instead of being a worker, this man had been an offender-a sinner. God did not impute it to him. He was a Believer, and Godimputed righteousness to him on account of his faith, and did not impute sin to him. Then comes a very important inquiry.
9. Comes this blessedness, then, upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also?Is circumcision so necessarythat a man is justified by faith after he is circumcised, and could not be so justified if he were an uncircumcised man?
9, 10. For we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. How was it then reckoned? When he was in circumcision,or in uncircumcision?'Look back to the history. See in what condition Abraham was when faith was reckoned to him for righteousness.Was it when he was in circumcision or in uncircumcision? The answer is-
10, 11. Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousnessof the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised. But the sign is to follow the thing signified. He is, first of all, justifiedby his faith, and then afterwards he receives the token of the Covenant.
11, That he might be the father of all them that believe, though they are not circumcised: that righteousness might be imputedunto them also.It is a very remarkable fact. A great many readers of the Book of Genesis would never have noticed it if theHoly Spirit had not called attention to the fact that father Abraham was justified by his faith before he was circumcised!And this is the reason of it-that he might be the father of allBelievers, whether they are circumcised or uncircumcised. "Thatrighteousness might be imputed to them also."
12, 13. And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of thatfaith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised. For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world,was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith. For the law was not even givenwhen that Covenant promise was made! The Law was 400 years afterwards. The Covenant of Grace was the oldest Covenant of all,and it shall stand fast, whatever shall happen.
14. For if they which are of the Law are heirs, faith is made void. And the promise made of none effect. If you are upon thattack of salvation by the Law, then what have you to do with faith? And what have you to do with promise, and what have youto do with Christ? You are on a different line altogether!
15. Because the Law works wrath: for where no Law is, there is no transgression. That is plain enough. You cannot break alaw if there is not any. And thus, through our sinfulness, the Law becomes a cause of sin, and never does it become the causeofjustification.
16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by Grac Salvation is by faith, alone, that it may be seen to be of the freefavor of God, that we may not look to merit or look to human strength, but may look always to the abounding mercy of God inChrist Jesus.
16, 17. To the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the Law, but to that also whichis of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all What a God we trust in-a God who quickens the dead! We have no faithunless we believe in such a God as this. We shall need such a God in order to bring us safely to His right hand at last.
18-20. Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken,So shall your seed be. And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundredyears old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah's womb. He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strongin faith, giving glory to God. Men seem to think that only workers can give glory to God, but there is more glory given toGod by one drachma of faith than by a ton of works! After all, works usually generate conceit and pride in us. But faith laysitself low before its God and gives to Him all the glory. God is never more glorified than He is by the believing confidenceof His people when difficulties seem to come in the way. He was "strong in faith, giving glory to God."