Sermon 3410. Christ and His Hearers

(No. 3410)

A SERMON PUBLISHED ON THURSDAY, JUNE 11, 1914.

DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.

"Then drew near unto Him all the publicans and sinners to hear Him, and the Pharisees and Scribes murmured, saying, This Manreceives sinners and eats with them." Luke 15:1,2.

SELF-RIGHTEOUSNESS always seeks to blame others and to whitewash itself. The group that stood nearest to Christ in preachingwas composed of two classes of persons-the publicans, or tax-gatherers and the open sinners. Now the Pharisee, when he cameto speak of these two classes, called them by one name, lumping them all under one description and calling them all sinners.Now, although the publicans, or tax-gatherers, were very generally taken from the lowest class of Jews, and their callingof tax-gathering, never in itself, too popular, was in their particular case very objectionable, yet we have no reason tobelieve that all tax-gatherers were necessarily profane, or licentious, or dishonest. There were bad and good among thoseJewish tax-gatherers, as well as among all other classes of mankind! Yet, because they were looked upon as being of the lowestclass, the Pharisee spoke of them as if they were all "sinners." This is a common habit, I am afraid, with the Too-Goods-withthose who have never felt their own sinfulness, to always use the worst names they can and to put as bad a color as they canupon the characters of other men. I wish we had learned to do the very reverse, namely, to try to see all the good we canin our fellow creatures, which were far more like Christ, rather than to condemn them wholesale, and impute the faults ofsome to a whole class. The Holy Spirit here speaks of "publicans andsinners"-the evil spirit in the Pharisee calls them allsinners. Let us imitate the Spirit of God and not the spirit ofpride.

But I said that self-righteousness tries to whitewash itself, for did not these Pharisees, when they murmured that Christreceived sinners, intend to say that as He did receive them, they were not sinners? No, they would not have blushed, for theywere rather honest in their self-righteousness-perhaps more honest than we are-they would not have blushed to have said, "Wehave thanked God that we are not as the publicans, and not as the sinners." They did not reckon themselves as belonging tothe class of offenders and breakers of the Law of God. They were holy! They were the separated ones! They were a peculiarpeople, zealous for good works after their own estimation, though not in the sight of God. Alas, how easy it is for us totry to make ourselves appear to be better than we really are! We are full of sin-our nature is deceitful and vile, and yetwe try to draw up a good balance sheet, if we can, of our spiritual trading! We represent that to be sound which is rotten,and that to be accepted which is dishonored. Oh that we could but see ourselves as God sees us! We would never again, then,dare even to thinka good thought of ourselves out of Christ, but abhorring ourselves in dust and ashes, we would wrap Hisrighteousness about us! We would plunge into the crimson fountain of His blood and never hope to be accepted except in theBeloved! May God grant us Grace to beware of the least touch of self-righteousness, for it is evil, only evil and that continually!May we always be as timid as the publican who stood afar off and dared not even lift up his eyes to Heaven, rather than beas censorious and presumptuous as the Pharisee, whose sole prayer consisted in flattering himself that he was better thanothers.

Having thus introduced to you the Pharisees, the publicans and the sinners, let us now come to the text, itself, and observethat publicans and sinners were attracted to the ministry of Christ. The first question at this time shall be-what attractedthem? Then secondly, what in the Gospel should attract us? And thirdly, what came of their being attracted, and what comesto us, also, of our being attracted by the Gospel?

First, then, it seems that when Christ preached, He was surrounded by a number of persons of very loose character, and othersof the lowest calling who pressed to Him to hear Him.

I. WHY DID CHRIST'S HEARERS COME?

They were genuine hearers-it was a bona fide audience. I mean by that, that they were not like the crowds who followed Christup the mountain-who followed not to hear Him, but to eat of the loaves and the fishes. These publicans and sinners were notthinking of the loaves and fishes. They were none of those who, like the old people in some parishes,go to Church in orderto get the loaf of bread on the Sunday morning. They were real, bona fide hearers, who really went to hear. They were a genuine,earnest, and honest audience-and they pressed around Him to listen to Him. Why did they do this?

I will tell you why they did not. They certainly were not attracted to Christ by any ceremonialism which Christ used, or anykind of pomp or show of priestcraft in His dress. It is said that the working classes do not attend places of worship becausewe do not dress ourselves in white, and blue, and green, and I do not know what other colors besides-in fine because we donot make fools of ourselves! It is said that people will not come to hear us because of this, but our Lord Jesus Christ neverput on anything like a priestly vestment in His life! The common dress in which He robed Himself was "a garment without seam,woven from the top throughout," or rather, the usual dress of the East. There was nothing whatever in His garb that was distinctive.John the Baptist, it is true, put on prophetic robes-the rough robe of hair-skin and some have used that same rough garmentto deceive, but Christ was perfectly a Man among men. I may venture to say that whoever else was a clergyman, Jesus Christwas not, and whoever else was a priest, as one of a priestly caste set apart from the people, He was none. He was just a Manamong men. He ate as they ate, and drank as they drank. He toiled as other carpenters have done in the carpenter's shop, andwhen He came to speak in public, He spoke like one of the people. His authority was not derived from His robes! He had notto step into the vestry and put on His garments to get His dignity. His dignity was in the Man, Himself, in the Spirit thatfilled the Man. That which attracted people to Him was certainly nothing external and had nothing to do with milliner's shops,but was something far other than that.

Again, the publicans and sinners certainly did not come to Christ to hear Him because of His laborious reasoning. The workingclasses of London, we are told, if they are ever to be brought to places of worship, need that we should argue with them,and prove to them the existence of God, the Divinity of Christ, the truth of the Bible and all such things-and they are notled by our dogmatism! That is the statement that is made. I believe it to be as false as those who say it is impertinent.I do not find our Savior ever trying to prove that there is a God. I do not find Him standing up and continually apologizing!His mode of address is, in the strongest sense, and I grant you in a sense far above what you and I could claim to adopt,dogmatic! "Verily, verily, I say unto you." That is His argument. "I testify what I do know, and what I have seen of the Father,"and He bears witness to the Truths of God with a full, down-right certainty which does not admit of a doubt! True, He hasan answer for the Sadducees, but it is curt, sharp and decisive. And He goes on His way to preach His own Gospel, which isevidently His delight and His forte. No, if publicans and sinners came to Christ, they did not come to Him to be amazed withthe display of intellect or to be dazzled with the remarkably judicious manner in which He would handle a debate! They camefor some other reason than that.

Again, if they came to Jesus Christ, they certainly did not come because of His trimming Doctrines. He was not one who excusedsin, or who made it out to be a weakness, incidental to human nature. No, He denounced sin in the most burning terms! Theydid not come to Him because He was one who preached smooth things with regard to the punishment of sin. No, my Brothers andSisters, of all the preachers that ever lived, none ever preached on the wrath of God in such terrible terms as Jesus Christ,Himself! Though He was full of tenderness and full of love, yet you hear Him speak of the worm that never dies, and of thefire that never shall be quenched! He loved men's souls too well to make them think that sin was a trifle! He loved them toowell to let them run the risk of everlasting woe without warning them of it in the plainest terms. No, if any sat at Jesus'feet to learn of Him, it was not because their conscience remained unmolested and they were lulled by siren strains into adeadly sleep! His spirit-stirring words must often have sent bolts right through and through their consciences! They did not,therefore, go because He used fair speech and so amused the people, and lulled them to sleep in sin!

Once more, if the publicans and sinners listened to Christ in crowds, it was not because of His vehement gesticulation orHis declamation. He was not a preacher who was at all given to the stamping of the foot. "He shall not strive, nor cry, norHis voice be heard in the streets." The bruised reed He shall not break, and the smoking flax He shall not quench. He openedHis mouth and spoke, and He spoke with matchless oratory, for "never man spoke like that Man." But it was all simple and plain.You see no traces of logic. There are no signs of rhetoric. You do not catch Him for a moment, as it were, seeking so to awakenthe emotions as to ignore the intellect, and so to stir the passions as if men were only children to the frightened or tobe cajoled. He speaks to them as men! He appeals to their entire nature and while the Truths He utters are full of pathosthat stir the very depths of the soul, yet are they gentle and quiet, and His speech distils as the dew and drops as the rain.Let none think that they can win a congregation by the mere force of gesticulation. Jesus did not so.

What then, was it that attracted these people? They were not generally sermon-hearers. Look at that fellow, there with hisink bottle. He will look up the Jew that has forgotten to pay his tribute to Caesar. He is very quick about that,but he isnot a man who is at all likely to attend theological discussions. Do you see that villain, there, with the low forehead? Why,I do believe he is the very man who was tried and who only escaped with his life upon a doubtful point at the last Passover!And there is that woman-oh, yes, there can be no doubt about her character! You know her, and what she is. Do you see themthere? They are all listening, not with their ears, only, but with their very eyes and mouths they are drinking in every wordthat Man is saying as He talks to them about the lost sheep and the lost son. What is it that enthralls them? What are thegolden chains that come from His mouth and hold these by their ears? What can the secret be? I think it lay partly in this,that He was a Man awfully in earnest. As they looked up to Him, they all felt that He was a real Man. The Pharisees were starchedwith decorum and full of affectation. These people were too simpleminded, though wicked, to believe in the Scribes and Pharisees-andso they went their way to their own haunts and never regarded their teaching. But with half an eye, they could see standingthere a Man unaffected, sincere and in earnest, who was speaking of something which He, Himself, believed, and speaking itwith power and force because He felt it in His soul! Oh, never was there such an earnest preacher as the Master! No idle wordhas He to give account of! No words to recollect that lack results because they came not fresh from the Speaker's heart! AllHe speaks is to the point and all of it came deep from His heart's inmost self. This drew the people to Him.

They were attracted, too, no doubt, because He honestly touched their consciences. It would be supposed, my Brothers and Sisters,that the very intelligent, wise, rational and seemly Doctrine of Unitarianism, as we are commonly told it is, would everywherebe attended by crowds-but there are scarcely any places in which that Doctrine is preached in which you might not catch anynumber of spiders, and study the whole science of entomology as far as these interesting creatures are concerned! How is this?Why, as one said, once, "The people know in their hearts somehow or other, I cannot tell how, that this that you preach isnot true. Although it looks so well and so rational, and seems to flatter them so much, yet they do not come to hear it, forin their hearts they know it is not true." It is a strange thing that if the old evangelical Doctrines should appear for onemoment to be beaten in a debate, they always conquer in results. I shall defy any man to maintain a Church prosperously, orto keep up a denomination which is built upon unsound Doctrine with anything like prosperity during a term of years. The bubbleshines and glitters, but it is too thin to last, and it goes. Now, after all, the worst men like to hear a preacher who willdash at their consciences, who will tell them what they, in their inner selves, know to be true! And as Jesus Christ neverflinched from this, but told them just what was fact, the people delighted to gather round Him and to listen to His speech.

Moreover, and I doubt not that this was the great charm they perceived-that He intensely loved them, that He did not preachthe Truths of God merely that it might cause philosophic speculation and because He was highly pleased to teach it, but becauseHe wanted that Truth to raise, to bless, to comfort, to save them and to make them happy. The Pharisee, if he ever spoke toa publican or a sinner, would do it with a long space between them, gathering up his robes for fear of contagion, lookingdown upon the sinner as though the teacher were so much above the taught. But Christ came right among them, and was one ofthem-and He looked as if He would do anything for them if He might but deliver them from their sins. They knew this, and itwas this mighty charm that embraced them and made them linger till the voice had done, and then carry away the echoes of thoseloving tones in their memories for many a day afterwards.

Besides that, I doubt not that another charm of Christ's preaching lay in this, that He always preached Doctrine that washopeful to them. While He said, "Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees," He had loving words for weary and heavy-laden ones.While He denounced self-righteousness, He would turn round and say, "I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance."If He ever had a frown upon His brow, it was for the hypocrite and the proud man, but He had tears for sinners, He had lovinginvitations for penitent ones. Like a good physician, He sought out morally sick folk and sought to restore them to spiritualhealth. This it was, also, that helped to attract them to Christ.

Now, my dear Hearers, I believe that if you would tell me your characters, I could tell you whether, if Jesus Christ werehere now, you would be likely, habitually, to hear Him or not. If you are a very excellent person who never did anything wrong.If you feel yourself a deal above most people. If you have a proper sense of your own dignity, and if you are much impressedwith your own importance, I believe that you would have murmured at Christ. And I am quite sure that you would not have beenin the throng that drew near to hear Him. But if you are sensible that you have been guilty. If you confess that you havebroken God's Law. If you are anxious to be forgiven, or if you are conscious that you are forgiven, but still need to be dailywashed, to be daily kept, to be daily dealt with in tenderness and love-oh, you are the men and women who would have madea bodyguard about that Prince of Preachers, for as surely as His Doctrine was meant for you as the rain comes down upon themown grass, so was your state of mind meant for the Gospel! And you and the Savior would be quite sure to stand in near andproper relationship to one another!

But we cannot linger, and must pass on, now, to the second point-

II. WHAT IS THERE IN THE GOSPEL OF CHRIST THAT DOES NOT ATTRACT SOME OF US, BUT OUGHT TO ATTRACT US ALL?

Very briefly, there is this in the Gospel that attracts my soul and I will speak for others. Ever since we fell out with Godthrough sin, the thought of God has been dreadful to us. We have been afraid of Him. But Jesus Christ is God and He has takenupon Himself our manhood. And now He tells us that we may come to God through Him-in fact, that if we come to Him, when wehave seen Him, we have seen the Father! Now, as I want to be one with God, and yet shudder at the thought of coming to Him,my soul burns with fervent affection towards Christ! And when I see that I can come to God so safely and so sweetly by comingthrough Him, that attracts me.

Next, ever since we were awakened to a sense of what sin is, sin has been a great burden to us. We have offended against God,and we know it. Oh, that this offense could be blotted out! Now, Jesus Christ comes and shows that, altogether without a violationof justice, God can put away all our sins as if they had never been! The Gospel tells us that Christ becomes a Substitutefor us, that He was punished instead of all those who believe in Him, so that the Law takes effect, Justice is satisfied andyet God is gracious. I know when I first learned that Truth of God, my heart was ravished with it. I have read books, sometimes,that have kept me up at night to read them, or I have got hold of ideas that have almost made me dance when I have got them-butthat old idea of Substitution-oh, Sirs, it was the brightest day I ever lived when I learned that-that the Lord has laid onHim the iniquity of us all! You know, an awakened conscience cannot play with sin as some of you do and imagine that God caneasily forgive sin-but when the conscience is awakened, it feels that God cannot forgive sin without exacting the punishmentthat is due to sin! Then there comes in to meet this difficulty the fact that Christ is punished in the place of the Believer-thatGod is just, and yet the Justifier of him that believes. Here is another precious Truth that has attracted many of us to Christ.I pray God that it may attract many others to Him. Here is the way of pardoned sin and here is the way of access to God!

Brothers and Sisters, we feel in ourselves so many inabilities, we cannot do anything right! We feel that we cannot pray.There are times when, if we gave a world for it, we cannot shed a tear, when we cannot make our hard hearts melt, cannot getrepentance out of these dry souls! Oh, but then this attracts me to Christ, to find that He can give me all Grace-that inHim all fullness dwells, that His Spirit helps our infirmities and that just as I am-wounded, broken, sin-sick, hard, coldand dead- Christ comes and meets my case! Oh, how this ought to attract us to Christ!

And then oftentimes the fear comes up to every awakened man-"Shall I hold on? If I begin to be a Christian, shall I hold outto the end? Will not temptation yet lead me astray?" Then Christ comes in and says, "Because I live, you shall live also.I give unto My sheep, eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of My hands." Oh, Savior,this is a silken bond to draw us to Yourself! Was there ever a greater attraction than this-all safe in Christ! The lambsof the flock, the weakest ones, all safe! The man of imperious passions, the man with once imperious lusts-all safe when oncethey put themselves in the hands of Christ! Then can we all say, "I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that He isable to keep that which I have committed to Him until that day." But the thought comes over us sometimes, "Ah, but what willit be to die?" That hour of death-how grim it looks! And, indeed, it never is child's play to die-to pass into the unknownand the invisible! The naked spirit-to leave the body behind-it to become food for worms. The bravest man may well turn palehere! But oh, the attraction of Christ is, "He that believes in Me shall never die. Though he were dead, yet shall he live."Oh, the thought of resurrection! The thought that death is changed, no longer to be a penal sentence, but to be merely anentrance into Heaven! The thought that-

"Jesus will make a dying bed Feel soft as downy pillows are, While on His breast we lean our head And breathe our life outsweetly there." The thought that He will come and meet us, and that our spirits, side by side with His, shall pass throughthe iron gate with a song upon our lips, and fear no terror as we pass by the gates of the grave! My Brothers and Sisters,this woos us to Christ! This holds us to Christ! This charms and fascinates us! This is a faith that well sustains us, thatblots out the past, that brightens the present and lights up the future with the expectation of the glory to be revealed!

My Hearer, if you have never had Christ, do you not desire Him? Man, if Christ is yours, Heaven is yours. Man, if you believesin Christ, this night, your transgressions shall be forgiven you! You shall become a child of God, an heir of immorality!Do you not need a Savior? Will you not ask for one? Oh, yield you, yield you now to Him who was given for you, who round younow, the cords of His love would cast, binding you fast to His altar! God grant in His Infinite Mercy that the attractionsof the Gospel may be known to us all! And now, in the last place-

III. WHAT CAME OF IT?

Those who were attracted first to hear were, according to the second verse, still further blessed. The Pharisees said, not-"ThisMan preaches to sinners," but, "This Man receives sinners and eats with them." It is a great blessing when the Gospel is preachedto sinners, but oh, it is a far greater blessing when sinners are received, when sinners come to eat with Christ. The Phariseesleft out what they ought to have mentioned, that when Christ received sinners, He did not leave them sinners. It is no disgraceto say of a certain doctor in London, "Why, it is said that that doctor has had some of the most horrible cases in London.I saw one man, there, with a dreadful cancer. Another was taken in that was subject to epilepsy. I saw one with a leprosytaken into that physician's house." Is that any disgrace to the physician? Why, Sir, the thing is how did they come out? Whatwere they after his skill had been exerted upon them? What they were when they went into the hospital is no disgrace to thehospital-it may even reflect honor upon the wisdom of those who exercised their skill within it. So that Christ receives sinnersis true, but He first makes them penitent sinners! He makes them believing sinners! He changes their nature! He turns thelion into a lamb, the raven into a dove-and then when He has done this, when He has washed away their sins and changed theirnatures-He receives them to be His friends! None are so near to Christ as blood-washed sinners! He receives them to be Hisdisciples! None could sit at His feet but those who first have been washed in His blood. Then He receives them as His servants.None can serve Him who have not first been served by Him. Then He receives these sinners to be His advocates. He sends themout to preach His Gospel, but He never sends any out to preach the Gospel unless, first of all, they have received Him intotheir hearts as the Gospel of their salvation. "This Man receives sinners."

Oh, I wish that tonight the Lord would find the biggest sinner in the Tabernacle! I might say, if there were such a personpresent, one commonly known to be the biggest blackguard in the parish, I wish the Lord would light on just such an one, forthe raw material for a great saint is often a great sinner! When the devil wanted to make the biggest sinner that ever lived,he took an Apostle to be the raw material, namely, Judas, and made him the son of perdition. But when Christ wanted the greatestof preachers, and the best of all the Apostles, He went right into the devil's camp and laid hold of Saul of Tarsus-and madehim become Paul, the mighty winner of souls! "This Man receives sinners." The thief, the drunkard, the harlot-He still receivesthem! He washes them, changes them, takes them into His society, lifts them up-takes the beggar from the dunghill and makeshim sit among princes. Oh, mighty Master, do this deed of Grace again and though the Pharisees will murmur and the proud maystill slander Your name, we who are sinners, too, will clap our hands for very joy and bless Your love and adore Your Grace,world without end! "This Man receives sinners."

And then they said, "And eats with them." Yes, in a mystical sense you will see that done again tonight, for here is the TABLE,the Lord's Table, peculiarly so, and to that Table let no man come who has never been a sinner, for he will not be welcome!Let no man come who has not felt himself to be a sinner, for he will not be welcome. If there is a man that is rich in goodthings and that is full of good things, let him not come, for, "He has filled the hungry with good things, but the rich Hehas sent away empty." If there is a handmaiden here of low estate and humble mind, let her come, for He has remembered thelow estate of His handmaiden. But if there are any that are great and mighty, and exalted in their own estimation, let themstand aside and hear Him say, "He has put down the mighty from their seat, and He has exalted them of low degree." Here isa Table spread for sinners, sinners blood-washed, but still sinners. I often feel, my Brothers and Sisters, as if I couldnot come to the Cross anyway but as a sinner. I think I told you this parable once. Once there was a great king who used tohave a table spread every day, and there were two sorts of persons who had a right to come there. All round the king, on hisright and left, sat the princes of the blood and the nobles of the highest rank. They came in their robes of state and therethey sat, and they were welcome. At the other end of the table, the king in his bounty had bidden his chamberlain every dayspread many dainty dishes for beggars, and if there were any in the city at any time who were foot sore, who were houselessand homeless, ragged and hungry, the notice was given that anyone who could plead abject poverty might come to the king'stable. Now, it so happened once on a time that a prince of the blood had lost, as he thought, the deeds of his estate. Moreover,he had lost the register of his birth and he was afraid that all that he had ever possessed had never been rightly his own.Perhaps he was some changeling child, he said, for such things had been. Perhaps his estates were not his own, and as thetime came round for the feast, he felt as if he did not dare put on his robes lest he should be shown to be an impostor. Butthen it flashed across his mind, "If I have been an impostor up till now, and I am not the son of my reputed father. If theestates and the rich gems I have, are not mine, then I am a poor beggar and I have not anything." So he took off his finegarments and found some common dress that had been laid aside. "I must sit at the king's table somewhere," he said, "and ifI cannot go as a prince, I will go as a beggar and so, one way or the other I will eat of his banquet." Brothers and Sisters,I have often had to do that, and I would advise you to do it whenever your doubts and fears come across you. If Jesus Christcannot receive you and you cannot come to Him asa saint or as a child of God, remember, that "This Man receives sinners andeats with them." Come with all your sins! Come, I say, and you cannot be cast out!

Many years ago the shaft of a mine was blocked up by some falling earth, and there was no chance of the miners' escape. Theygathered themselves together and held a Prayer Meeting in expectation of a speedy death, for it did not seem probable thatthey would ever be able to get out by the shaft, which was so thoroughly destroyed. While they were in prayer, a happy thoughtstruck one of the older miners. He had heard that there was an old shaft which led into another mine, which had been givenup, and he said he would go first and perhaps they might be able, by going through some old passages, to come out into theold mine. He knew from what he had heard his father say, that much of it was very low, and water dripped into it, and thatin some places they would have to keep on all fours. But for all that, he said, it would not matter so long as they couldbut get to the daylight again. They could not go up the regular shaft, but away they went, creeping down the back ways, allthrough the mire, mud, and filth, and dirt and darkness-but they came to the light at last and all came up safe to their homesagain.

Now, sometimes when I can look straight up to my Lord, I know that I am His child. I do tonight, and I can rejoice to go upand down the shaft straight ahead. But, Brothers and Sisters, if ever you cannot do that, there is an old working, there isan old way, the way that all the saints have gone. You will have to go on your hands and knees. You will have to go on allfours. You will find it flooded with tears of repentance, but never mind, the devil himself cannot block up that way. If youcannot come as a saint, come as a sinner! If you have got no Grace, you can get Grace. If you cannot come with a tender heart,come fora tender heart. If you cannot come with faith, come to get faith, for "this Man receives sinners and eats with them."May this Blessed Man come and eat with us tonight!

EXPOSITION BY C. H. SPURGEON: LUKE 15:11-32.

Verses 11-13. And He said, A certain man had two sons: And the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me theportionof goods that falls to me. And he divided unto them his living. And not many days after, the younger son gathered all togetherand took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living. It was an act of ingratitudeto leave his father at all-an act of extreme folly to turn his father's goods to ill-account.

14. And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land and he began to be in need.And the sinner's greatestall will be spent one day! The pleasures of sin are but for a season. The strongest sinew in an arm of flesh will one daycrack. The flowers that grow in man's garden will one day fade-man may think he has an eternity of pleasure before him, butif he is looking to the flesh for it, it shall be but for an hour.

15. And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country. And he sent him into his fields to feed swine. At the verybest, the comforts of this world are ignominious to a man. They degrade him-as it was a very degrading employment for a Jewto feed swine-so the comfort the world can give to a man does but degrade his noble spirit.

16. And he would gladly have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat, but no man gave unto him.The prodigalcannot be brought any lower! He is made to herd with the swine, and he envies even them because they are satisfied with thehusks! He cannot eat of the same and, therefore, he envies even the brutes! Surely, when a sinner becomes fully convincedof sin, he may well envy even the sparrows or the serpents because they have not sinned!

17-20. And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and Iperish with hunger! I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against Heaven and beforeyou, and am no more worthy to be called your son. Make me as one of your hired servants. And he arose, and went to his father.But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him.Remember Matthew Henry's pa-raphrase?-Here were eyes of mercy.

20. And had compassion-Here was a heart of mercy. 20. And ran Here were legs of mercy. 20. And fell on his neck Here weredeeds of mercy. 20. And kissed him And here were lips of mercy.

21- 22. And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against Heaven and in your sight and am no more worthy to be calledyour son. But the father said to his servants Here were words of mercy, wonders of mercy and, indeed, it is all mercy throughout!

22- 25. Bring forth the best robe andput it on him; andput a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet. And bring here the fattedcalf and kill it; and let us eat and be merry: For this, my son, was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and isfound. Andthey began to be merry. Now his elder son was in the field. That is where these over-good elder sons always are-they are outat work-they are not at home in communion with God! They are in the field! Do not ask who the elder brother was-he is heretonight-there is many an envious moralist-yes, and an envious professor, too, who feels it hard that profligate offendersshould be pardoned!

25-27. And as he came and drew near to the house, he heard music and dancing. And he called one of the servants, and askedwhat these things meant. And he said unto him, Your brother is come; and your father has killed the fatted calf because hehas received him safe and sound. And he was angry. He did not want the fatted calf killed! If this reprobate brother wereallowed to come in at the back door and to eat with the servants, he thought that quite good enough, but for this rebel tobe put upon an equality with himself-he could not bear that!

28. And would not go in: therefore came his father out and entreated him. See the tenderness of this father? The same armswhich embraced the sinning one, were also ready to clasp the self-righteous one! I always feel great pity and great admirationfor this dear, dear father. What with a bad son and a good son, he had two bad sons, for this good son, you see, had got ina pet just as I have seen some real Christians get into a very un-Christian frame of mind! Well, they do not like, somehow,receiving into their company the women who have gone astray-the men who have lost their reputation. He was angry and wouldnot go in-and now his father crowned his love. He ran to meet one son and now he comes out to reason with another who is unnaturallyand ungraciously angry with him.

29. Andhe, answering, said to his father, Lo, these many years do Iserve you, neither transgressed I at any time your commandment:and yet you never gave me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends. I know the brother. He says, "I have been a consistentChristian. I have been diligent in the service of God. I have abounded in prayer and yet all the daylong have I been plaguedand chastened every morning. I do not get much joy-I have such a sight and sense of temptation and sin that I am generallylow spirited. I seldom get a drop of full assurance. I never get a kid given me, that I might make merry with my friends."Those who are under the Law never do make merry. You never knew a man yet that was trying to save himself by keeping the Commandmentsof God that could dare to make merry. No, they have to draw long faces, and well they may, for they have a long task beforethem! They put on a garb of sadness, being of a sad countenance, as the hypocrites are!

31, 32 But as soon as this, your son, was come, who has devoured your living with harlots, you have killed for him the fattedcalf And he said, to him, Son, you are always with me, and all that I have is yours. It was right that we should make merryand be glad, for this, your brother, was dead and is alive again! He was lost and is found. And so, dear Friends, there ismore joy over the prodigal when he returns, than over the man who thinks he never has been astray!

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