Sermon 3394. 'Who Is This?'

(No. 3394)




"When He was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, 'Who is this?'" Matthew 21:10.

THIS was not the first time that question had been asked, or asked concerning the same Person. "Who is this?" is a commonquestion in reference to our Lord. "Who is this that comes from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah?" "Who is this king ofglory?" and so on. Doubtless, the angels who are represented as standing on the Mercy Seat gazing down upon its golden brightness,desired to look into this very question in the olden times, and often said to one another, "Who is this?" We hear the Prophetspeak of One who is anointed with the oil of gladness above His fellows, and is therefore Man, but He is called by the sameProphet equal with God, Fellow of the Eternal! How can this be? "Who is this?" The subject of the Incarnation of a pure Spiritsuch as God is, in human flesh, must have been staggering even to the intellect of seraphs-and again and again they must havesaid, one to another, "Who is this?"

I can conceive that on that memorable night when the first Christmas carol made glad both Heaven and earth, the angels cameto Bethlehem's manger and looked upon the new-born Child, and said, "Who is this?" Knowing that He was the same Person towhom they had been obedient for many an age, the ever-glorious Son of God, they must have marvelled to find Him an Infantsleeping there where the horned oxen fed, or hanging on a woman's breast! And they said to each other, "Who is this?" AndI can conceive that they followed Him through those 12 years of His childhood, or during the years in which He remained insolitude and obscurity, unknown to the sons of men, and though they knew Him as the Son of Mary, and the reputed Son of Joseph,yet as watchful spirits they must have seen the pure beams of Deity in His Character! And so the marvelous and supernal excellenceof His secret life must often have compelled them to ask, one of another, "Who is this?"

He is in the carpenter's workshop, using the axe and the plane, and yet this is He who is to deliver Israel! How is this,and who is this? And I can imagine them following Him through the three years of His public ministry in the wilderness beholdingHim tempted of the devil, though Lord of All and Prince and King! When they watched Him in His hunger, and cold, and nakedness,and saw Him in His sleepless nights upon the bare mountainside-when they beheld Him and strengthened Him in His agony andbloody sweat-when they gathered around the Cross, with all its terrors, could their eyes have known a tear, they would havewept it there and would have said, "Who is this?" When He was buried and after three days, rose again from the grave, theremust have been amazement through all the angelic host! They came, some of them, and sat, the one at the head and the otherat the foot, where the body of Jesus had lain, still wondering much at the great mystery. We can well gather that they askedsuch questions onward through His life, since when that life had come to a close, and the issues of it had begun to be developed,when our Lord ascended up on high and led captivity captive, clothed with Glory-when they came to meet Him, joined in thetriumphal procession and approached the golden gates-when the songs went up, "Lift up your heads, O you gates, and be youlifted up, you everlasting doors, that the King of Glory may come in!" there was a wonder lingering among the watchers atthe portals of Heaven, for they said, "Who is the King of Glory?" And again, a second time they said, "Who is the Lord ofHosts? Who is the King of Glory?" and they had to receive the two answers-they had to be told who He was that was mighty inbattle and the Lord of Hosts who was the King of Glory! Do they not even now marvel, as they cast their crowns upon the glassysea and mingle with the white-robed band-do they not now marvel that such as He should be born of a woman, that such as Heshould be tempted by the devil, that such as He should have known poverty, and nakedness, and death itself? Thosewounds, thosescars still visible, must still be a theme for holy admiration and adoring questioning! And as they worship Him, recognizingin Him the Wisdom that was with God in the beginning, and without whom was not anything made that was made-as they adore Himas the Eternal Word, the Preserver as well as the Creator of all things-they must still, as they look to His Manhood takeninto such union with His Godhead, think of Him with holy amazement, with joyous astonishment and ask, "Who is this?"

But we have not to do with the angels at this time! Rather our business is with the sons of men. And among them there oughtto be more of the asking of this question, and there ought to be less. There ought to be more of it, the asking in holy wonder!There ought to be less of the asking of it in ignorance or in derision. The question, I take it, can be asked in both ways.Endeavoring to understand the mystery, he that knows it best may still say, "Who is this?" Caring not to know Him, but scornfullyturning aside from this great mystery of godliness, there are tens of thousands who will continue to say, "Who is this? Andwhy make this noise about Him, and all this stir and hubbub about the Man of Nazareth?" This question is still asked amongthe sons of men because in one sense it ought to be more common, but because in another sense it ought never to be raised,I speak upon it tonight. And first we shall take-


I suppose there was a pretty common knowledge of our Lord in Jerusalem. He spoke openly in the Temple. He was no teacher insecret conventicles, hidden away in the dark. He had been seen in their streets. His miracles had been the subjects of admiringwonder and observation by tens of thousands. They knew who He was. Many of them rather delighted to remember His lowly origin."His brothers, are they not all with us?" They knew His mother. They said they knew His father. "Is not this the carpenter's Son?" A knowledge of Christ was pretty general. They did not ask the question out of ignorance, but it was asked for thisreason, among others-by some it was asked because now He came under quite a different aspect from that in which He had everappeared before. He never rode, that I know of, upon the land but that once. He never rode in anything like pomp or state.He had come into Jerusalem and He had gone out of it, a simple private individual, claiming no office except that of preacher.But on this occasion He comes as a King! Riding in pomp as one who claims to be honored among men, and even claims to be King,for He says, "Behold, your King comes, meek and lowly." They, therefore, said, "Who is this?" What a change has come overthe scene!-

"The lowly Man before His foes, The weary Man and full of woes."

Does He ride, and ride amidst shouts of popular acclaim, He that did not strive, nor cry, nor cause His voice to be heardin the streets? He? Does He come in this guise? Therefore greatly struck and amazed by the change, they said, "Who is this?"Yes, and we may learn from this that when Christ, who is still among the sons of men as the meek and lowly Savior, bearingwith their bad behavior, and saying, "Come you weary, take My yoke and bear it, and you shall find rest"-when He comes beforelong as the King of Kings and Lord of Lords, the whole earth will then cry out, "Who is this?"

Is this the Man that bled at Calvary? Is this the Man that died praying for His enemies? And does He come with a rod of ironin His hand to break the nations and dash them to pieces like a potter's vessel? Oh, what astonishment will seize the sonsof men when they see the King in His Glory, whom they would not understand nor serve when He came in the meekness and gentlenessof love!

Part of the reason why the people of Jerusalem asked the question was, no doubt, this-they were struck with the remarkableenthusiasm with which the people received Him. People had been enthusiastic at other times, but then it had been immediatelyafter they had been fed with the loaves and fishes and, therefore, their enthusiasm was very easily accounted for. But onthis occasion there had been no feeding with loaves and fishes, and yet here He was received by a most enthusiastic crowd.They could not, if they had all been sure that He was the very Messiah, have received Him outwardly with greater delight.There were their garments for Him to sit upon. There were their garments in the road to carpet the ground which was thoughttoo coarse for Him to tread upon. There were the trees, denuded of their branches, and the palm branches borne in front amidstgeneral acclamations of, "Hosanna, blessed is He that comes in the name of the Lord!" Yes, and the world may say wheneverit sees an enthusiastic Church, whenever it beholds a company of people treating Christ as He ought to be treated, "Who isthis?" The Church, as we generally see it, never excites any wonderment among men. They quite understand what it is-a compactof people who have got enough religion to make themselves comfortable and form an association for mutual admiration. But agenuine Church is a company formed for the admiration of Christ Jesus! A company of people who are melted into one becausethey are all red-hot and flow like streams of molten metal into one mold-all united, loving Christ after such a sort thatthey would not merely put their garments in the road, but would themselves make a road-who would wish, themselves, that theirblood could be shed if Christ might be glorious! When the world sees such a Church as this, then they begin to cry, one toanother, "Who is this? Who is this around whom such enthusiasm gathers?" Glory be to God, Your day shall yet come to thisworld when the Church shall wake from her slumbers! Then shall she be ashamed of herself, to have treated her Bridegroom insuch a scurvy manner! When she once loves Him as she ought and puts the crown upon His head as she should-then will the wholeearth say, "Who is this?"

I have no doubt, also, that part of the question of the people of Jerusalem arose from the singular nature of the pomp withwhich the enthusiastic multitude surrounded our Lord. There was a great deal of beauty about it, but how very simple it was,how altogether opposed to the usual array, to the usual order of pomp! Why, my Brothers and Sisters, if you could see thepomp in which great priests-say, at Rome-are carried through the streets, with men all clad in liveries, with attendants inblue and scarlet, and fine linen and peacocks' feathers, and the high elevated throne on which the man is carried who claimsto be, "His Holiness," you would see how artificial it all is! And it is all the same if there is nobody there that caresabout it! True, some may, but if they did not, it would be all the same. It would all be gone through and the admiration thatis poured on any of these kings and princes-well, it all comes as a matter of course! It is natural that we poor worms ofthe dust should clap our hands when we see a king. Of course, it is the bounden duty of such ordinary mortals as we are topay wonderful respect to all those who happen to have a peculiar kind of blood in their veins. That is the order of thingsand, as long as people are conventional fools, it always will be! And the men of the world will always remain so. We shallalways reverence rank, whether it has any worthy character about it or not-and priests will always like such reverence asthat!

But here was a different style of pomp altogether. Here was a plain, common Man, whose garment was merely the smock-frockof an ordinary peasant-a garment "without seam, woven from the top throughout"-a Man who made no professions to rank, didnot separate Himself at all from the people! And here they have extemporized for Him a pomp in which every jot and tittleis true and real! There was not a shout raised here because it was the custom to raise shouts to Jesus of Nazareth. Therewas not a garment strewed in the way because His office required Him to be esteemed. It was all genuine, true, real and, markyou, Brothers and Sisters, there is no pomp like it!

What a distinction there is between the honor given to a monarch who is beloved, such as we would give to ours- and the honorthat is given to a monarch such as the one I spoke ofjust now-who is honored merely because he is a monarch, but whom menwould honor just as heartily or even more heartily if he were gone! Now, the honor given to our Lord Jesus Christ was allgiven because of His Person and the work that He had really done in the raising of Lazarus, out of-I will not say true spiritualaffection, for the multitude did not understand Him in His deeper Character, so as to receive Him spiritually-but out of areal feeling of reverence for this wonderful Being. There was a natural pomp about the whole thing that quite distinguishedit from anything that the inhabitants of Jerusalem had ever seen before. Some of them might have seen a Caesar or a Pompeycome home from the wars. Some of them might have seen the conquerors and their pageants, and their triumphal return into thecapital and all the imposing preparations that were made that everyone might join in the welcome. They hailed him as Rome'sgreatest man, who trod Rome's enemies beneath his heels. But they had never seen anything like this-when the very childrenin the streets took up the cry and said, "Hosannah! Ho-sannah! Blessed is He that comes in the name of the Lord." And so theysaid, "Who is this?"

Now, mark you, this is always one of the points which should distinguish the triumphs of Christ. It is not the victory ofofficialism. It is not the splendor of outward dress, and form, and show. There is a real force over men's hearts so thatthey come to love Jesus for what He truthfully is to them. It is not a mock homage which they pay, which consists of genuflectionsand of pompous ceremonies, but it is that they exult at the very thought of Him! The heart invents, without being taught,its own method of praising Him, seeking out and straining after new songs with which to sing unto the Lord who has gloriouslytriumphed! I do believe that the very beauty of the Christian religion is its simplicity. And the beauty of the Church ofGod is its having simple worship-all its joys and all its pomp being that which comes out of thesimple heart-which has noform, no ceremony and needs no directorium, no rule by which to guide it but just does what it feels to be the natural expressionof that which is felt within. And wherever this is, the world cries, "Who is this?"

Still, there were some in that crowd who did not ask the question for that reason at all, but merely that they might say,"Who is this? What is He? What's in it? It is all an imposture! He is not the Messiah! He comes not in the name of the Lord."They looked down upon the crowd who followed Christ, and they said, "It is a vulgar herd-have any of the rulers believed inHim? Did the Rabbis follow at His heels? Do the Scribes and chief priests accept Him? Who is this?" Well, and this, too, isa part of the proof of the true Christ. Wherever He is fully preached and His power is known, there is sure to be stirredup a company of men who, knowing nothing of the real power of the Gospel, will be quite sure to sneer at it! They will sayit is only the poor who come to it, as though that were not said of old, "The poor have the Gospel preached to them." Theywill say it is only the illiterate, as though they had not known that the Apostle Paul, himself, blessed God that He "hadchosen the foolish things of this world, and things that are not, to bring to nothing the things that are." There will alwaysbe those who, not caring to enjoy, themselves, the blessings of the Great Shepherd's reign, will sneer at all those who would.Let us accept their sneers as the only tribute they can render to Christ, and as true a proof of His excellence and His Gloryas the admiration of His followers!

I will not detain you further about the people of Jerusalem, but now just observe that-


Ah, my Brothers and Sisters, I am not about to criticize that which is called the preaching of the Gospel, so as to condemnit in any wholesale way, but I will say this, that wherever the Gospel has been preached simply, not with enticing words ofman's wisdom, but with the plain words of the common tongue. Wherever Christ has been preached affectionately. Wherever thewhole Gospel has been delivered with fervor and with impartiality, it has never failed in any place, or in any time, to drawattention to itself, to excite enquiry and to compel men to take sides about it, one way or the other! We need never be afraidthat the Gospel is not suitable to any village, that the inhabitants are too degraded. Take it there and they must and shallreceive it, or else, at their peril shall they reject it! But they will hear it! It shall attract them! They shall be found,if not willing acceptors of it, yet at least willing hearers of it, willing critics of it and that is something! We need not,on the other hand, be afraid to take the Gospel among the most enlightened classes. Whatever they may know, they know nothingsuperior to the Word of Jesus Christ-and it shall command even their attention. They shall be compelled to examine it andif it is not a savor of life unto life to them, still it shall be a savor of death-and to God in either case-a sweet savorof Jesus Christ! Let us never think that the Gospel needs to be rendered attractive by some additions of our own! It is likea sword that cuts just as well without the diamonds in the hilt, for the cut of it lies not in the handle, but in the sworditself. The Gospel will cut and clear its own way. I scarcely think we shall need to come down to the use of so-called popularlectures on Sundays. I think we shall never need to come down to catchwords for sermons. The Gospel will, after all, if itis but drawn out of its scabbard and lifted up as the bare and naked sword of the Lord, be pretty sure to cut its own way.And, ah, how have we learned in the past, when the Gospel has come to a place and it has begun to be the means of the conversionof sinners, what a stir it has made! The little village was snug enough in the darkness that had gathered around the old towerand there it lay all asleep and in the death, but some Methodists came and preached upon the Green. A few were converted andgathered into a little room-and what a noise there was about it! The squires would put it down. How there were threats againstthose poor cottagers and others! They must lose their work-certainly their Christmas gifts-but all that only proved that theGospel still had power, a power, at any rate, to irritate the ungodly, which is something, and to bless the simple men andwomen that were willing to receive it!

Before long we have sometimes seen those very persons who were the most determined opponents of the Gospel, sit at its feet!Some of them have become its preachers! More and more the Kingdom of Christ has spread and grown! From village to village,from town to town the sacred ardor has spread! In the days of Whitfield and Wesley the whole nation was awakened-as from along sleep our land started up! Then there were found a multitude whom God had chosen, who began to sing glad hymns and tochant the praises of God in every town and street! And this land, which seemed fast going down in sin and wickedness to thevery gates of Hell, took a start on the road to Heaven, which, thank God, has never been altogether lost, nor shall be, forstill will God raise up others who will preach Jesus Christ and the leaven shallcontinue to permeate! The salt shall stillwork for Christ among the putrefying mass until He comes, who shall end the battle in a glorious victory!

But I hasten from that to notice that the same wonderful effect in another form is produced-


Do not some of you remember when Jesus Christ first came to your heart? Oh, I remember when Moses came into mine, with theLaw and the great Commandments. When I saw myself a sinner in the light of the Law of God! When the fiery light of Sinai mademe see my multitude of spots-yes, discover that I was covered all over with filthiness and blackness! Then the minister cameto my gate and I heard the Word preached, preached affectionately, too. Then parents taught me the Word with tears and prayers,but I got no comfort and my soul continued in bondage under a sense of sin. But what a mercy it is when Jesus Christ, Himself,comes! When it is no longer the coming of the minister or of the preacher, but the coming of Jesus Christ, Himself, when Jesuspasses by! I know some of you can remember right well the time when He passed by you and came into your heart. You believedHim-it was but a small action-you believed in Jesus! You gave up all trying to save yourselves by your works-you renouncedonce and for all your reliance upon ceremonies, past or future, and you cast yourselves down before that Cross whereon theMaster shed His atoning blood! You remember that. Now, do you not remember what peace there was that came into your spirit,a peace that passes all understanding?

The promises of God could not comfort you until Jesus came with them and applied them to your soul. They were full of powerwhen He brought them in His hands, but they were nothing until He brought them!

Do you remember, too, how your doubts and fears all fled? They had been hooting in your soul, but when that Light of God shonein, full upon you, they soon took to their wings and there was not one of them left! You could then rejoice where so latelyyou had been mourning-and you now had songs instead of groans! And do you remember those sinful habits of yours which youcould not break off? You had struggled against them, but you were like a man who is bound fast in iron-you could not snapthe fetters by any means! You tried, and tried, and tried again, but always in vain. But when Jesus came, how free you were,how delivered you were! [Here someone shouted, "Hallelujah! Glory be to God! Jesus is passing by!"] I wish our friends wouldnot be at all troubled with our Brother who simply spoke out of the affection of his heart. We are not Methodists and do notquite like it, but when a Brother does it, it does not disconcert me and it ought not to trouble you! I wish sometimes thatthere were interruptions like that which came at Pentecost, "What must I do to be saved?" I wish sometimes that we did feelthat we must tell all that Jesus was passing by and was entering into our hearts, as our Brother told us just now. Well, youremember the moment when Christ came to those bad habits of yours-when you had strived against them but could not overcomethem-but when He came, they dropped off as though they were cloth! Those great ropes of sin were snapped and were gone-andyou recollect the joy you felt within when you could say, "I'm forgiven! I'm, forgiven!"

Later when you sat down in holy wonder, you could not help it, but the tears came fast and thick, one after the other, asyou said, "Bless the Lord, O my Soul, that ever I was led to receive Christ and to find peace in Him!" Oh, Beloved, I knowthat you said to yourselves, "Who is this? What a matchless Christ is this? Who is this that could have worked such a wonderfulchange in me, that could have made my dead heart live, could have thawed the iceberg, could have made the mountain of snowthat is in my soul dissolve, could have brought me up from the Valley of the Shadow of Death into the land of light and exceedingbrightness and glory?" I know you said, "Who is this?"

And, let me add, your wonder at Christ has not ceased since then! It is not long ago since you had sore trouble in businessand your heart was very heavy. But you got alone with God in prayer and you saw Christ as suffering with you, standing inthe furnace with you-and how happy and quiet your mind was! You could not help saying to yourself, "What manner of Man isthis that He made me to rejoice, even in tribulation, and to be calm in the midst of my afflictions?" You lost a child notlong ago and you thought your heart would break under that trial, but you took the case to Jesus and you were resigned toit, and you said, "What manner of Man is this, again, that could so have comforted me?" Or it may be you are like some ofus watching day by day the slow but steady progress of disease in one dear to you as your life. And the only comfort you haveis by feeling that Jesus Christ being with you, it is still easy to bear and to be resigned. And, perhaps, you have been slanderedfor Christ's sake and misrepresented in all you have tried to do. But when you have told it to Him, you have said, "I'll hailreproach and welcome shame for Jesus' sake." And the calm you have had has made you say, "Who is this?" I can only say tonight,though I hope I have known my Lord these 21 years, that I do marvel more and more at Him, that ever He could do such marvelsfor me, a poor worthless worm. And I think the more you know of yourselves, and the deeper you sink in self-abasement, themore will the question rise in your soul, "What a glorious Christ must this be! What power there must be in His blood! Whatprevalence in His plea! What tenderness in His heart! What might in His arm! What immutability in His Nature, that ever Heshould continue to look down on me and bless me as He does!" "Who is this?" your soul will say!

Now, I must not detain you on that and, therefore, again with great brevity, remark that-


Unless we ask it now in loving wonder, we shall soon have to ask it in most fearful terror! We know not when the time shallbe, for times and seasons are not committed to us. But it is certain that within a short time, Christ will come upon the cloudsof Heaven. When the time appointed by the Father shall arrive, that very Man who was crucified on Calvary, and, who was takenup from among His disciples upon the Mount of Olives, shall so come in like manner as He went up to Heaven.

Now, He went up in Person, and He will come in Person, too, and when He comes, it will not be alone, as first He came, butin the Glory of His Father and all His holy angels with Him! What astonishment and confusion will seize the minds of thosewho doubted His very existence, who denied His Godhead, who stood out against His power! What will the Jew say when he lookson Him whom he pierced? What will the Gentile say when he looks on Him whom he despised? What will the great men of the earthsay as they rise from their graves and find themselves so little and Him, whom they thought so little, to be so great? Whatwill the rich men of the earth say as they find themselves naked and poor as beggars and the King, whom they thought nothingof, clothed with the Glory of God? Oh, what then will the pleasure-seeker say, who said, "As for Christianity, I care notthe snap of my finger for it"? What will the blasphemer say who even poured contempt and curses upon Christ's name? ThereHe sits in majesty that out blazes the sun! There He is surrounded by immortals, each one of them shining forth like the sun,for so the promise is to all the righteous! There rings the trumpet that every ear must hear, and all the dead start up fromsea and land-a countless multitude! There are the books, they are opened amidst a blaze of light and there is the voice thatreads out the doom of the sons of men! Jesus! Jesus it is, who says, "Depart, you cursed," as well as, "Come, you blessed."Oh, how the multitude will wring their hands in amazement when they discover that the Man of Nazareth and the Son of Maryis the Everlasting Son of the Father-and those, His enemies who would not that He should reign over them, shall be utterlydestroyed by the Glory of His Presence when He comes in His power! Oh, how will the question be asked and how terrible willbe the answer, "Who is this?" I would rather that you should ask tonight, humbly and enquiringly, "Who is this?" And if youdo so ask, these few words shall tell you and may God tell you to your heart what I can only tell to your ears. Who is this?It is Jesus Christ, God over all, blessed forever! He so loved the sons of men that He would rather die than they should die!He came into the world, took our flesh and became Emmanuel, God With Us and, being found in fashion as a Man, He humbled Himselfand became obedient to death, even the death of the Cross-

"He bore that we might never bear,

The Father's righteous ire."

And whoever trusts in this Man-this God, the appointed Substitute for man-shall be saved! But if you trust Him, you must takeHim to be your Monarch. You must henceforth, by His Grace, yield Him service! And His service is pleasure. His service isholiness and holiness shall to you be a delight! Oh, that you would, finding that He is such a Savior, Divine and Human blendedin one-a dying Savior risen from the dead and living at the right hand of God-oh, that you would say, "I know who He is,"and then, "I will accept Him! He shall be mine forever." God grant to you the willing mind to do this, and yours shall bethe blessing-and His shall be the Glory, forever and ever. Amen.


15. Study to show yourself approved unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word off truth.This is a metaphor taken from the action of the priest at the sacrifice. The priest cut up the bullock and then laid it inits different pieces according to order. Or, as some think, it is taken from the part of the father at the table, when hecarves the meat and gives to every child its portion. Old Master Trapp said that "there are some ministers who are only fitto be Gibeonites-and certainly not to be Levites, for they hardly understand the cutting of wood, much less the art of cuttingup the sacrifice of God." Brothers, it is well so to handle the Word of God as to be able to give rebuke when rebuke is needed,exhortation when it is needed, and comfort when consolation is required, for otherwise we do mischief. As it is said in theold fable of the simpleton, that he gave to the ass a bone and to the dog hay, so there are some who give wrong exhortations,not because they are wrong in themselves, but because they are wrong in their application.

16, 17. But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness. And their word wiil eat as doesa camkei. Now, there are some people who can never be content except they make their religion a sort of wrangling match. Theyget hold of a Word in Scripture, and away they go with it! Here shall be another opportunity for finding fault with all theChurch of God. Here shall be another occasion for railing against all the preachers of the Truth of God. How delighted theyare when they can do this! Shun profane and vain babblings! Martin Luther said that there were some in his day so nice andprecise about the letter of Scripture, that when one of them had delivered an exposition upon the Book of Job, Luther saidthat by the time the man had got to the 10th Chapter, Job had been a thousand times more plagued by the expositors than hehad ever been by the losses which he suffered upon the dunghill! And doubtless there are many Truths of Scripture which areturned to mischief because men will be forever making them opportunities for strife-not bonds of love! Brothers, hold thefive points of the Calvinistic Doctrine, but mind you do not hold them as babbling questions! What you have received of God,do not learn in order to fight with it, and to make contention and strife and to divide the Church of God, and rail againstthe people of the Most High as some do! But on the contrary, love one another as Brothers and Sisters, and hold the Truthof God in love, and seek after the unity of the Spirit and the perfect bond of charity. The word of those who raise thesequestions will eat as does a cancer, which eats till it gets to the bones, and turns the sound flesh into rottenness. Oh,there are many contentions which have done this mischief in the Church of Christ!

17-19. Hymenaeus andPhiletus are of this sort. Who concerning the truth, have erred, saying that the resurrection is alreadypast; and overthrow the faith of some. Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, The Lord knows themthat are His. How careful the Apostle is lest we should think that any have turned aside, who were the Lord's people. He saysthe faith of some was overthrown, but nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure. Oh Brothers and Sisters, whenever wesee apparent apostasy, let us not therefore think that any of God's people have perished! Oh, no, for the Lord knows themwho are His!

19-21. And let everyone that names the name of Christ depart from iniquity. But in a great house there are not only vesselsof gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth, and some to honor, and some to dishonor If a man, therefore, purgeshimself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honor, sanctified and meet for the Master's use, and prepared unto every goodwork When Mr. Philpot, the martyr, was addressing a young man about to die for Christ, he said to him, "Brother, you are avessel in the great house of your Master, and this day He will scour you, scour you hard, but remember, you shall soon standupon the shelf, shining bright and glorious." Well, sometimes pains and troubles, and tribulations do have this effect ofscouring the vessels of God to make them bright for Heaven. We must all be purged and scoured from sinful lusts, from allthe contamination of the flesh and of the creature-and then we shall be fit for the Master's use!

22. Flee also youthful lusts. Run away from them! It is no use contending with them. Fight with the devil. Resist the deviland make him flee, but never fight with the flesh. Run away from that. The only way to avoid the lust of the flesh is to stayout of its way. If you subject yourself to carnal temptations and fleshly lusts, remember it is almost certain that you willbe overcome by them!"Flee youthful lusts," and as you must keep going and have something after which to follow-

22, 23. But follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart But foolish andunlearned questions, avoid, knowing that they do cause strifes. It is generally a good thing to avoid all questions that breedstrife, unless they are upon vital and important matters. For, oh, Brothers and Sisters, it is so important tokeep the unityof the Spirit! It is such a blessed thing to preserve love among Christians and there are some who in order to create disunion,go about the land and tear and rend the body of Christ as much as they can! Beware of such! Seek not their company! Come notnear them, lest their cancer pollute you also!

24-26. And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient In meekness instructingthose who are in opposition, if God, perhaps, will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth. And that they mayrecover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him to do his will We have here laid down, then,the duty of the Christian minister and the duty of each Christian, too! And let us seek, in the Holy Spirit' s Grace, to carryit out, being at once firm, and gentle, and loving of heart, and yet honest for the Truth of God as it is in Jesus.