Sermon 3348. Knowing and Doing

(No. 3348)




"If you know these things, happy are you if you do them." John 13:17.

The original scope of these words was just this-"If, as you say, you have understood the meaning of this-the washing of yourfeet by your Master-if you have comprehended My intention in so doing, then it will be to your lasting honor and happinessif you do the same. I have symbolically represented to you, by washing your feet, certain virtues. You shall be a happy peopleif these virtues are found in you and abound." And have we not abundant proof that our Lord spoke the truth, for where arechurches as happy as where they are knit together in brotherly love, where they have laid aside contentions about priorityand distinction and where each one becomes a servant of all-everyone willing to take the lowest place and no one contendingwho shall be the greatest! May we prove, as I trust in our measure we have already done, how true these words are, and nevermay Diotrephes be in our midst to strive for the preeminence, nor a root of bitterness spring up to trouble us! May we, everyone,try to be like our Lord and happy, indeed, shall we be in such a case.

But the sentence before us is equally applicable to every other Gospel precept. If we understand anything which the Holy Spirithas revealed to us, happy shall we be if we follow its practical intention-if, being first taught and instructed-we afterwardpractically exemplify in our life and conduct the things which we have learned! That is the one thought I propose to lay uponour hearts and minds this evening! And that one thought may be enough.

You will notice in the text that there are two "ifs"-"If you know these things, happy are you if you do them." It appears,then, first, that genuine and acceptable service to Christ should be based upon intelligent knowledge-"If you know these things."And secondly, that all intelligent understanding of the things of God should lead us to the practice of them-"Happy are youif you do them." The first "if shall be taken first-"If you know these things"-


Our first observation is that this is an "if even in this country. "If you know these things." Alas, even in such a city asthis, where the Gospel is to be heard in all our streets and Bibles are to be found in all our homes, it is so sad that tensof thousands do not know these things! They are so careless about what God has revealed that they will not even cross thethreshold to listen to the Word of God! This day what a mass of Sabbath-breaking has grieved the Spirit of God! All aroundus there are those who are toiling hard six days in the week for themselves and cannot give to their God and, I may add, totheir truer and nobler selves, this one day in which to think of Him. He has written to them the great things of His Law andthey have trifled with it! He speaks to them and invites them to hear that their souls may live, but they would rather restin their beds, or be found in any kind of pleasure sooner than seeking pleasure in the ways of God! Pity this poor city, youwho know its sins! Pray for it, you who know its high privileges and solemn responsibilities! Work for it, you who have powerwith the heavenly Father, until at last the blessing shall come and men shall no longer need to say to their fellows, "Knowthe Lord."

Alas, this is an "if," however, which does not merely concern those who are outside our walls. There are many who know notthese things, though they hear about them-and the reason is because while they come to the place of worship, and the soundof the preaching glides across their ears, they never give deep, earnest attention to it They say that preaching is dull-verypossibly it is-but it is very amazing that it should not be still duller when people have no concern to get into its innermeaning, but find it quite enough to come and to go like a door on its hinges! Full often from the hum-

blest teacher something might be learned if we were but anxious to be taught. Or if we learned little by what he said, hisvery emotions might remind us and one thought, however commonplace, might engender another-and it would not be altogetherwithout profit to sit together in the assembly of the saints.

Oh, how negligently do some hear! They are thinking of their homes, of their horses, of their cattle, of their farm and theirmerchandise. God gets no such attention from men as legatees give the lawyer when he reads the will. If men would listen tothe preaching of the Gospel but half as well as they listen to sweet music, there might be hope of its being a blessing tothem! But many understand not the things of God because of their negligent hearing of it.

Alas, too, there are some who attend at least with an outward attention which we cannot blame, but they know not the thingsof God because they have not yet found out that the letter, that is, the external word, is a killing thing, and that it isthe inner and spiritual sense which is, alone, to be sought after To listen to a Doctrine, for instance, is right enough,and to catch the theory of it and be able to repeat the definition may be in some respects valuable. But it is imperativeto get into the soul and spirit of that teaching of God which alone is spirit and truth and, consequently, food to the spiritualman! Dead orthodoxy, mere doctrinal correctness-these will never land men in Heaven because they do not even put them intothe Kingdom of Heaven now! Men who merely have these are like botanists who know not the flowers, but only know the namesof the divisions and the orders. They are like physicians who speak of drugs they have never seen or used, who would attemptto deal with men's bodies before they had even studied anatomy or seen a bone!

We need to come to the tasting and handling of God's Word. And all the hearing in the world will end in nothing unless thesoul gets still closer and in the very soul and secret of the Truths of God. Hence there is an "if," an "if about the bestof hearers, about the most intelligent-"If you knowthese things"-you may have listened to them, have drunk them in from theearliest days of your life, but unless the Holy Spirit has revealed them to you, flesh and blood cannot do so and you cannot,therefore, know them!

It is greatly to be regretted that there are some persons who do not know the Truth of God because they have no care to knowat all They have a contempt for anything that God reveals. They are wise men and, therefore, they spend their whole lifetimein studying a piece of rock, or in collecting specimens of beetles, or in any wonderfully wise track of science! But to listento the eternal Jehovah is quite beneath them! To hear what He has been pleased to say concerning Himself in His own Word seemsto them to be trifling. Have I not often met with men who would think it to be worth years of study to make the idlest possibleconjectures about the formation of a limestone rock, who yet would laugh in one's face if one began to speak about the souland the things of the world to come? And these are wise men-at least according to their own estimate of themselves! Whetheror not they are fools shall remain for the future to reveal to them-may they find it out before the discovery shall be toolate!

Others never will become intelligent in the things of God because they are prejudiced. They have made up their minds thatthey doknow-and he who thinks he knows will never learn. The conceptions which they received early in life-their training,the fancies which they have forged for themselves as being what should be the truth-these occupy their minds and they cannotsee the things of God because the mind has been blinded with other matters. Would to God that we could be clear of prejudiceand clear of unholy contempt for God's Truth-and could come simply to Him and ask to be taught as a child by the great Fatherand lay bare our bosoms that the Holy Spirit might cast out error from us and might write the mind and will of God there clearly!Then, indeed, with such a humble submission and a Divinely earnest desire, there need be no longer an "if" as to whether welearn these things. There is an "if," however.

Let us now observe that we ought never to rest content while there is an "if""If you know these things." My God, is it a questionwhether I know You or not, whether I know Christ or not, whether I know the Revelation which You have given to us or not?Then begin to teach me now! Oh, Sirs, it will not do to trifle with an ignorance which shall be our lasting ruin! We oughtnot to give sleep to our eyes until we have asked to be taught of God! To be ignorant about the things of ordinary daily lifeis not wisdom, but to be ignorant about eternal life is stark madness!

An uneducated man stands but little chance in the battle of this life. A man uneducated for eternity-alas, how exposed ishe to innumerable adversaries, how sure to fall, how certain to perish! Go, I pray you, Brothers and Sisters, go to the WiseOne for wisdom! Go to this Book for the Light of God! Go to the Holy Spirit, Himself, for Divine instruction and let it notbe any longer with you a matter of question as to whether you are taught of God or not! Oh, I would speak very earnestly here.I do not ask that you should be learned. I do not ask for myself that I may be profound. But I

do pray that we may comprehend with all saints what are the heights and depths and know the love of Christ which passes knowledge,or at least may know Him and be found in Him, clothed in His righteousness and accepted in His merits. It ought not to bean "if."

But, supposing that there is no "if with any of us, then what ground is there for gratitude! If the Savior need not say, "Ifyou know these things," but if we can say, "Lord You know that we love You, that we rest in You, that we serve You, that wehave been taught of Your Spirit," then there is no room for self-congratulation, no room for pride! What have you which youhave not received? Thank God, dear Friend, that you were not born amidst the heathenism of Africa! Thank God that you werenot left to the Sabbath-breaking of London! Thank God that when you did hear the Word, it broke through the outer door andcame into the inner chamber of your soul! Thank God that that passage of Scripture was not sent to you, "Come and speak tothis people and make their ears heavy that they shall not hear, for their hearts have grown gross"! Blessed be the distinguishingGrace that enabled us, who once were as incapable of this as the dead in their graves, to see and hear spiritually!

What should come of it? Why, if you know these things and have learned them by the Spirit of God, make it the method of showingyour gratitude to try and be His instruments in teaching others! If you know these things, be not silent. If you know thesethings, wrap not up these blessed secrets in your hearts as though they were committed to you only for your own personal enjoyment,but in the name of Him who gave such a priceless gift, go and tell wherever your tongue can be heard, the good news of thesalvation of Jesus Christ! And perhaps God may make you a blessing to some of His hidden ones who as yet have not come toChrist.

Thus much about the first "if." It looks to me like the first arch-and having passed through it, I can see another beyondme-and I must pass to the second if I would get the happiness.



"If you know these things, happy are you if you do them."

This second "if" applies to all the things which we have been taught of God. Let me give you, however, a specimen. SavingTruths-if you know them, happy are you if you do them! This is a saving Truth of God-that whoever trusts in Jesus Christ issaved. You know that. If there is anything you ought to know, you who come to this house, you ought to know that, for it isthe staple of all our sermonizing every Lord's-Day-that a simple confidence in Jesus Christ, the Savior, saves the soul! Happyare you, then, if you have exercised this simple confidence, for then you are saved! If you have trusted with the whole weightof your sin upon Jesus, you have the happiness of being saved, accepted, secure. Saving Truths ought to, every one of them,be the first objects of practice. That same Spirit who teaches us the Truths of God enables us to put them into action inour daily life. Dear Hearer, have you been a hearer of the good message, but have been a hearer, only? If so, you have missedthe joy of the whole business! I pray you go a step farther and believe and live!

After saving Truths come purifying Truths. Such is the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit's indwelling. The Holy Spirit dwells inBelievers and where He dwells, there should be purity, peace, holiness and purging out of sin.

You believe this, but happy are you if you seek so to act. If you pray that you may not grieve the Spirit of God, nor causeHim to depart from you, your daily anxiety shall bring its results and you shall be happy.

Then, there are certain ennobling Truths in God's Word and happy are we if we do them. Such is the Truth of Divine Adoption.Every Believer is a child of God. Happy are we if we live like one, if we exercise the privileges of heirs, if we come toour Father with a child-like confidence, if we plead with Him as a dear son asking a generous Father to supply his needs.Remember that every Doctrine of the Gospel has a practice appended to it and that to get the happiness out of the Doctrineyou must put its preceptory part, or its practical inference, into action. You may be as orthodox as you please, but yourorthodoxy shall be only like so many grapes untrodden in the winepress! But if you cast them into your daily life, then shallthe luscious juice run forth and you shall be satisfied with favor and be full of the goodness of the Lord! Bread on the tablewill not satisfy you, nor will mere Doctrine. The bread must be taken and eaten-and assimilated-and then shall it comfortyou. And so with the Truth of God-it must be a part of yourself and be worked out into your daily life-or else the happinessof it cannot be yours.

If there were time tonight, I would make an inventory of all the Truths of Scripture and say after each one, "If you knowthese things, happy are you if you do them." If you know it to be a privilege to be united with God's people, come and jointhe Church! If you know that Jesus bids you be baptized and come to His Table to remember Him, I pray you be not disobedient,even to what you may think to be His least commandment! Whenever you get the glimpse of a Truth from God's Word, or in yourconscience by His Spirit, never be a traitor to the heavenly vision! Depend upon it, it is a terrible thing to trifle withknowledge! Some men would not see when they might have seen-and they have always been blind. Many a man who might have ledthe van in the Church of God, and have helped on a glorious reformation, has stepped back from the forefront because, perhaps,of some spurious charity with which he indulged the flesh-and he has gone back into the rear-to the vile dust from whencehe sprang! But he that is faithful to God, faithful to the convictions of his conscience-and carries all out into practice-shallbe among those to whom the Master shall say, "Well done," at the last. I say to every Truth in Scripture there is a practicalconclusion and I beseech you to see to it that you hear Christ say, "If you know these things, happy are you if you do them."

Why is it that the practice of a Truth of God is required to the enjoyment of the happiness which it brings? Answer-this isalways God's rule. The ground is fat and full of bread, but the farmer, by his tillage, must bring out the corn. Down deepin the heart of the earth are the stores of gold and silver-there gleam the precious ores in quantities that might make evenCroesus, himself, to blush for poverty! But the metal starts not up from the soil by itself. It must be dug for-it must becast into the furnace and separated from the ore. There shall be wealth in many nations, and trade shall bring comforts toall ranks, but the sea must be traversed, the sails must be spread, the voyage must be made! Labor everywhere shall bringenjoyment, but without labor there shall be none. God is not the God of idleness! He speaks not to the earth to bid it bringfood to the door of the idler. He commands neither the ravens nor any other of His creatures to bring bread and meat for thesluggards. There shall always be practice, and then the result of work shall be the reward. So must it be in the things ofGod-you must put them into practice to get the blessing they hold! The laws of Nature are wonderful, and a knowledge of themdesirable, but a knowledge of all the laws of Nature would never have reaped a field, built a house, found jewels in the mine,or even have made a steam engine without a furnace, a hammer and strenuous toil!

All the knowledge with which a man can cram his brain cannot secure him in his daily needs until he transfers it from hisbrain to his right hand and sets to work with it! If you would get God's blessings, then, in Nature or in Grace, carry outthe Divine Laws into immediate and energetic practice!

In the next place, for God to give the comforts of His promises to men who will not obey His precepts would be to discourageall Christian effort. Every man would fold his arms and sit down. "If I am to have salvation without believing," says one,"why should I believe? If I am to have Grace given me without using such Grace as that which is already entrusted to me, thenlet me eat and drink, for Grace will come to me! Let me be as carnal as I like." But God will not so act as to give gracelesshearts such an excuse!

To give His blessing to those who do not practice His precepts would be, in fact, to give a premium for sin. The more knowledge,if that knowledge is not put into practice, the more sin, in consequence! Shall God reward a man who, sitting in the Lightof God, will not walk by the Light? And shall He give enjoyments to those who know His will and who do not that will? No,Sirs, if blessings came to merely knowledge, I suppose the devil would be the most blessed of beings! Certainly if the comfortsof the Gospel came to those who understand the Gospel best, but who do not practice it, there would be some of the vilestof mankind who would be orthodox enough-who would, on such a rule, go to Heaven! But they shall find themselves shut out whenthat judgment shall be given which proceeds upon this rule, "By their fruits you shall know them." You all see, without anyreasoning from me, that it would seem strange, indeed, if God allowed the precepts of the Gospel to be trampled underfootand then gave the same blessings to the rebellious as to the graciously obedient! It must not, shall not be! See we not, then,that our happiness from the things of God must come, not merely through knowledge, though that is the first stage of DivineFavor-but we must not rest satisfied until we pass into the second stage-the doingof what we have learned! We close with thequestion which the text naturally inspires-


Briefly, it is always a blessed thing to be obedient to God. The very soul of joy to the creature who wants to be truly happyis conformity to the will of the Creator. When God's will and ours keep pace together, it will be Heaven on earth to us! Itis only when our will jars with the Divine mind that our soul's happiness departs, but when we are helped to lay

aside self and say from our inmost soul, "Not my will, but Yours be done," and so come to be ruled and governed entirely bythe Divine Mind, then shall we be in Paradise here below!

Added to this, to increase our happiness if we do these things, we shall have the blessings promised to the doing thereof.We are no legalists. We do not believe in salvation by works, nor even in rewards given to men because of any merit on theirpart, but we do know that if Jesus says, "He that believes shall be saved," then he that believes will get that salvationand this will be the blessing which he enjoys, and so with every other new Covenant blessing!

Brothers and Sisters, there is a happiness here in practical Christianity and there is a happiness hereafter. In mere nominalChristianity there is no happiness. Look at some of your professors. They have got religion enough to make them miserable!Their attendance at church or chapel-what is it but a bit of slavery? They would not go to church if they could help it, butthey think it looks respectable. If they had their way and the force of custom were withdrawn, they would not be found amongthe worshippers! Look, I say, at many of them. The very sight of their Bible and Prayer Book seems to make their faces longand dismal at once. Prayer-is that a pleasure to them? To sing God's praise-is that a delight? No, far, far, far from it!And why is this? Because they have never, by Divine Grace, been led solemnly to trust in Jesus and earnestly to give themselvesup to those Truths which only in their practical force and influence can make us happy-but which in their mere theory are"the letter which kills," and only in practice are they the spirit and life! Oh, that some of you church members would putin practice what you believe! Oh, Sirs, it is well enough to say that a Christian should be consistent, but if you are nothonest in your business, how does your belief help you? It is well enough to say that a Christian should be godly, but ifyou are godless in your families-if family prayer is neglected and private prayer given up-what is the use of your beliefs,what the use of your perfect creeds? You may talk until doomsday about what you believe or what you do not believe, but itis that part of your belief which gets interwoven into the warp and woof of your daily life which affects your business, whichreally moves you, impels you, or restrains you according to whether you would do right or wrong-it is this, it is this, itis this, and it is just this, only, that is worth having! Your dead religion-it is a corpse-bury it! Your living godliness,your vital godliness, the godliness that vitalizes you and makes you live unto God and His Truth-this it is to be sought after-andmay God in His mercy grant it to each one of us! "If you know these things, happy are you if you do them."

And so we come to a conclusion by noticing that if the text were read in another form, it would read very solemnly, "If youknow these things, unhappy, wretched, ruined are you if you do them not." I scarcely feel that I have either strength or willto enter upon the few sentences I meant to have uttered tonight. There are not many of you here who are ignorant of the Gospel.The most of this great assembly have read it and heard it, and if any should ask you, "What is the way of eternal life," youcould give them a very ready answer. And, thank God, there are not a few of you who have put into practice this Gospel! Youhave looked to Jesus-you are resting in Him. You can say, while confessing many imperfections, that you desire to walk inthe ways of obedience to Him who has redeemed you with His blood.

But, painful reflection! There are many-very many-and you know who they are-who know these things, but do them not! Ten yearsago they were greatly affected by a sermon and they vowed repentance. The season passed away and their conscience became crippled-nogood results came. Some time ago, at an earnest Prayer Meeting, they were again pricked in conscience, but this time theywere not so wounded as before. And now, tonight, they are just what they have always been-willing hearers, attentive hearers,kind friends to the Gospel in some respects, contributing towards any godly enterprise, but still they have not surrenderedto God by believing in Christ-and so are still strangers to Him as the soul's Savior. And I have to ask them tonight whetherit shall always be so, and, if not always, then how long? "How long halt you between two opinions?" And if it is not to belong, why not end it tonight? Oh, blessed Spirit, they do know! It is not this they need, but they need to feel! They do notlove! They do not believe! Oh, give them these, that they may not go down into Hell with the accumulated responsibilitiesof abundant Light. "If I had not come and spoken to you," said Christ, "you had been without sin, but now you have no cloakfor your sin." Oh, the godly mothers of some of you will rise up against you to condemn you, for you knew these things, butyou did them not! Some of you, your conscience will speak with a voice of thunder-it will roar like a lion on you when Godcondemns you because you knew the Gospel and refused it-you understood the way of salvation, but you would not walk therein!There is no place more terrible to be lost than from the shadow of a pulpit! The more plain the Gospel, the more sure yourruin if you reject it! The more earnest the ministry that comes to you with its notes of warning and invitation, the morehorrible your overthrow if your ears refuse the words of Jehovah's love! Tonight, I pray you-and I think I speak in God'sname-cast in your lot with Christ and with God's people! You are guilty, but He is gracious and delights to pardon! You feelunworthy, and you are, but Christ receives the most undeserving! Rely upon Him now. You have nothing else that will suffice.Oh, cast yourselves upon Him! Happy shall you be if you do this. Other doings without this were mere legalism and vain, butthis is the great work, the master work, the God work, that you believe on Jesus Christ whom God has sent! Trust, then, inHim, and your peace shall be like a river and your righteousness like the waves of the sea. Trifle no longer! Listen no longermerely with the outward ear, but now decide that if there is an inner sense, you will find it-if there is a secret Truth,you will hunt it out until you secure it.

If there is a living Christ to pardon you and make you snowy clean, resolve you will find Him! If there is a road to Heaven,determine to find and walk in it. "And now farewell sin, farewell self-righteousness, farewell the shallow pleasures of thisworld! Jesus, take my heart just as it is-I give it up to You-and help me to do now what I have never done before-to put inpractice what I hear, and carry out what I have been taught." So may God help you and we will meet in Heaven and we will saytogether there that this night's text was true, "If you know these things, happy are you if you do them." God help you todo them, now, for Christ's sake. Amen.


First, a definition of faith.

Verses 1-3. Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. For by it the elders obtaineda good report. Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the Word of God, so that things which are seen werenot made of things which do appear. There was no pre-existent matter. The world was made by God's word, so that prior to thethings which are seen, there existed that which is not seen. We, dear Friends, when we are trusting in the unseen God, aregoing back to first principles-we are getting to that which is the essence and the source of all. The next verse illustratesthe worshipof faith.

4. By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous,God testifying of his gifts: and by it he, being dead, yet speaks. There is no worshipping God aright except by faith. Themost gorgeous ceremonies are as nothing in His sight! It is the faith of the heart which He accepts. Next we read of the rewardoffaith.

5, 6. By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for beforehis translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please Him: for he thatcomes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of them that diligently seek Him. See this reward then-itpleases God-and that is reward enough for anyone of us. Next see faith's safety.

7. By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house;by which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith. Faith can outlive a deluge whichdrowns the whole world! She has an Ark even when God's wrath sweeps all the rest away! Next we learn the obedience of faith.

8-10. By faith, Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed:and he went out, not knowing where he went. By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwellingin tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: for he looked for a city which has foundations,whose builder and maker is God.Here you have the expectation of faith. Faith does not live on things seen-she lives on somethingyet to come. That which is to come she regards as eternal, not like a mere tent in which she dwells here, but a city thathas foundations, fixed and firm. Next we see the strengthof faith, that strength seen in the deadness of nature.

11-13. Through faith, also, Sara herself received strength to conceive seed and was delivered of a child when she was pastage, because she judged Him faithful who had promised. Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so manyas the stars of the sky in multitude, andas the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable. These all diedin faith, not havingreceived the promises, but having seen them afar of, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them,

and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. That is a rich word, they, "embraced them." They were faroff and yet faith brought them so near that they seemed to receive them to their hearts and feel the comfort of them! Nextis the confession of faith.

14-19. For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country. And truly, if they had been mindful of thatcountry from which they came out, they might have had opportunity to have returned. But now they desire a better country,that is, an heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared for them a city. By faithAbraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only-begotten son, of whomit was said, That in Isaac shall your seed be called. Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead, fromwhence also he received him in a figure. Here you have the triumphof faith, one of the greatest victories that was ever achievedby faith, when a man was willing, at God's command, to offer up his son, his only son, his son according to promise, his sonin whom all the Covenant was to be fulfilled! In the 20th verse you get the discern-mentof faith, faith foreseeing-

20, 21. By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come. By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed both thesons of Joseph and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff You remember 'his discernment, how he crossed his hands willinglythat he might lay the right hand upon the younger son. Faith is always giving blessings to others and she knows which wayto give them, for God makes her wondrous quick of heart and quick of eye.

22, 23. By faith Joseph, when he died, made mention of the departing of the children of Israel: and gave commandment concerninghis bones. By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw he was aproper child; andthey were not afraid of the king's commandment Here is the courageof faith-

24, 25. By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son ofPharaoh's daughter: Choosingra-ther to sufferaffliction with thepeople of God than to enjoy thepleasures of sin for a season. Here is the choiceof faith-

26. Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompense ofthe reward.Here is the judgmentof faith, by which she judges wisely, choosing rather to be reproached for Christ than to reignwith the world.

27, 28. By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath ofthe king: for he endured, as seeing Him who is invisible. Throughfaith he kept the Passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest He that destroyed the first-born should touch them. Here, again,you have the obedienceof faith, taking God's precepts and carrying them out.

29. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned. There you havethe difference between faith and presumption-faith goes through the sea. Presumption is drowned in the sea.

30. By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days. Here are the weapons of faith, thewarfareof faith, with nothing but her ram's horn trumpet she encompasses the giant walls of the city and down they fall!

31. By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not when she had received the spies with peace. Here youhave faith uniting itself with the people of God-she perished not with them that believed not, for she had come out from amongthem and allied herself with the people of God by receiving the spies.

32-35. And what more shall I say? For the time would fail me to tell of Gideon, and ofBarak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae:of David, also, and Samuel, and of the Prophets: Who through faith subdued kingdoms, worked righteousness, obtained promises,stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge ofthe sword, out of weakness were made strong,grew valiant in fight, turned to flight the armies ofthe aliens. Women received their dead raised to life again: and otherswere tortured, not excepting deliverance: that they might obtain a better resurrection. Oh the victories of faith! When faithtakes to working, how mightily she works.

36, 37. And others had trial of cruel mocking and scourging, yes, moreover of bonds and imprisonment. They were stoned, theywere sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute,afflicted, tormented. You have seen the works of faith and the sufferings of faith-now you see God's estimate of faith. Hecounts the believing man to be far beyond the rest of mankind!

38, 39. (Of whom the world was not worthy). They wanderedin deserts, andin mountains, andin dens and caves of the earth. Allthese all having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise. It lay in the future to them far more thanit does to us, for Christ has now come and we look back to that glorious appearing of our Lord and Savior, but they had altogetherto look forward.

40. God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us shouldnot be madeperfect. For it never was God's intentionthat any part of His Church should be able to do without the rest of it, so that those who lived before the time of Christcannot do without us-neither can we do without them.