Sermon 3293. 'The Blood of the Testament'

(No. 3293)




"For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the Law, he took the blood of calves and of goats,with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all his people, saying, This is the blood of thetestament which God has enjoined unto you." Hebrews 9:19,20.

[Another Sermon by Mr. Spurgeon, upon verse 20 is #1567, Volume 26-THE BLOOD OF THE COVENANT.]

Blood is always a terrible thing. It makes a sensitive mind shudder even to pronounce the word. But to look upon the thing,itself, causes a thrill of horror. Although by familiarity men shake this off, for the seeing of the eyes and the hearingof the ears can harden the heart, the instinct of a little child may teach you what is natural to us in reference to blood.How it will worry if its finger bleeds ever so little-shocked at the sight, even if there is actually no pain! I envy notthe man whose pity would not stir to see a sparrow bleed or a lamb wantonly put to pain. And as for the cruel man, I shudderat the thought of his depravity. What exquisite pain it must have caused our first parent-how keenly it must have touchedthe fine sensibilities of their nature-to have had to offer sacrifice! Probably they had never seen death until they broughttheir first victim to the altar of God. Blood! Ah, how they must have shuddered as they saw the warm life-fluid flowing forthfrom the innocent victim. It must have seemed to them to be a very horrible thing and, very properly so, for God intendedthem to feel their feelings outraged. He meant them to take to heart the anguish of the victim and learn, with many a shudder,what a destructive and killing thing sin was! He meant them to see before their eyes a commentary upon His threat-"In theday that you eat thereof you shall surely die." He meant Adam and Eve to witness the harrowing appearance as the sentenceupon sin was executed, stabbing at the very heart of life, convulsing all the frame, sealing up the senses and leaving behindbut a wreck of the beautiful creature and not a relic of happiness for it in the world. How dreadful must have been the spectaclewhen the first pair gathered around the corpse of their second son, slain by his brother! There were the clots of blood onthe murderous club, or the sharp stone, or whatever other instrument Cain may have used in smiting his brother to the grave.How they must have mourned and sighed as they saw the precious crimson of human life wantonly poured out upon the ground andcrying to God against the murderer!

Yes, blood is always a ghastly and a terrible thing. It is so, I suppose, because we recognize in it the destruction of life.Is it not so, also-though we may not be able to define the emotion-because we are compelled in our consciences to admit theeffect of sin and we are staggered as we see what our sin has done? All through the great school of the Jewish Law, bloodwas constantly used to instruct the Israelite in the guilt of sin, and in the greatness of the atonement necessary for puttingit away. I suppose that the outer court of the Jewish Temple was something worse than ordinary shambles. If you will readthe lists of the multitudes of beasts that were sometimes slain there in a single day, you will see that the priests musthave stood in gore and have presented a crimson appearance-their snow-white garments all splashed over with blood as theystood there offering sacrifice from morning till night! Every man who went up to the tabernacle or to the Temple must havestood aside for a moment, and have said, "What a place this is for the worship of God! Everywhere I see signs of slaughter."God intended this to be so. It was the great lesson which He meant to be taught to the Jewish people, that sin was a loathsomeand a detestable thing-and that it could only be put away by the Sacrifice of a great life, such a life as had not then beenlived-the life of the Coming One, the life of the Eternal Son of God who must, Himself, become Man that He might offer Hisown immaculate life upon the altar of God to expiate the guilt and put away the filth and the loathsomeness of human transgression!

Some of you will feel sickened at these reflections and object to what I have already said as unworthy of my lips and offensiveto your ears. I know who these will be-the creatures of taste who have never felt the loathsomeness of sin! Oh, I would thatyour sins would sicken you! I would to God that you had some sense of what a horrible thing it is to rebel against the MostHigh, to pervert the laws of right, to overthrow the rules of virtue, and to run into the ways of transgression and iniquity,for if blood is sickening to you, sin is infinitely more detestable to God! And if you find that being washed in blood seemsawful to you, the great bath which was filled from Christ's veins in which men are washed and made clean is a thing of greaterand deeper solemnity to God than any tongue shall be ever able to express!

I do not think anyone ever knows the preciousness of the blood of Christ till he has had a full sight and sense of his sin,his uncleanness and his ill desert. Is there any such thing as truly coming to the Cross of Christ until you first of allhave seen what your sin really deserves? A little light into that dark cellar, Sir-a little light into that hole within thesoul, a little light cast into that infernal den of your humanity and you will soon discern what sin is! And, seeing it, youwould discover that there was no hope of being washed from it except by a Sacrifice far greater than you could ever render.Then the Atonement of Christ would become fair and lustrous in your eyes and you would rejoice with unspeakable joy in thatboundless love which led the Savior to give Himself a ransom for us, "the Just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God."May the Lord teach us-thundering at us, if necessary-what sin means! May He teach it to us so that the lesson shall be burnedinto our souls and we shall never forget it! I could gladly wish that you were all burden-carriers till you grew weary. Icould gladly wish that you all labored after Eternal Life until your strength failed, and that you might then rejoice in Himwho has finished the work and who promises to be your All-in-All when you believe in Him and trust in Him with your wholeheart!

Looking carefully at the text, I would have you notice the name given to the blood of Christ, the ministry in which it wasused and the effect that it produced.


You are aware, perhaps, you who read your Bibles thoroughly, that the word here rendered, "testament," is more commonly rendered,"covenant," and although it would be wrong to say that it does not mean, "testament," yet it would be right to say that itsignifies both, "covenant" and, "testament," and that its first and general meaning is "covenant."

Let us take it so. The blood of Jesus is the Blood of the Covenant. Long before this round world was made, or stars beganto shine, God foresaw that He would make man. He also foresaw that man would fall into sin. Out of that fall of man, His distinguishingGrace and Infinite Sovereignty selected a multitude that no man can number to be His. But, seeing that they had offended againstHim, it was necessary, in order that they might be saved, that a great scheme or plan should be devised by which the Justiceof God would be fully satisfied, and yet the mercy of God should have full play. A covenant was therefore arranged betweenthe Persons of the blessed Trinity. It was agreed and solemnly pledged by the oath of the Eternal Father that He would giveunto the Son a multitude whom no man could number who should be His-His spouse, the members of His Mystical Body, His sheep,His precious jewels. These the Savior accepted as His own, and then on His part, He undertook for them that He would keepthe Divine Law, that He would suffer all the penalties due on their behalf for offenses against the Law and that He wouldkeep and preserve every one of them until the day of His appearing. Thus stood the Covenant and on that Covenant the salvationof every saved man and woman hangs. Do not think it rests with you, Soul, for what says the Scripture? "It is not of him thatwills, nor of him that runs but of God that shows mercy." He said to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy,and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion." To show you that salvation is not by human merit, God was pleasedto cast it entirely upon covenant arrangements. In that Covenant made between Himself and His Son, there was not a word saidabout our actions having any merit in them! We were regarded as though we were not, except that we stood in Christ and wewere only so far parties to the Covenant as we were in the loins of Christ on that august day. We were considered to be theseed of the Lord Jesus Christ, the children of His care, the members of His own body. "According as He has chosen us in Christbefore the foundation of the world." Oh, what Grace it was that put your name and mine in the eternal roll and provided forour salvation, provided for it by a Covenant-by a sacred pact between the Father and His Eternal Son, that we should belongto Him in the day when He should make up His jewels!

Now, Beloved, in a covenant there are pledges given-and on those pledges we delight to meditate. You know what they were.The Father pledged His honor and His word. He did more-He pledged His oath and, "because He could swear by no greater, Heswore by Himself." He pledged His own word and sacred honor of Godhead that He would be true to His Son, that He should seeHis seed and that by the knowledge of Him, Christ should "justify many." But there was needed a seal to the Covenant-and whatwas that? Jesus Christ in the fullness of time set the seal to the Covenant, to make it valid and secure, by pouring out Hislife's blood to make the Covenant effectual once and for all. Beloved, if there is an agreement made between two men, theone to sell such-and-such an estate, and the other to pay for it, the covenant does not hold good until the payment is made.Now, Jesus Christ's blood was the payment of His part of the Covenant! And when He shed it, the Covenant stood as firm asthe everlasting hills-and the Throne of God, Himself, is not more sure than is the Covenant of Grace! And, mark you, thatCovenant is not sure merely in its great outlines, but also sure in all its details! Every soul whose name was in that Covenantmust be saved! Unless God can undeify Himself, every soul that Christ died for, He will have! Every soul for which He stoodSubstitute and Surety, He demands to have-and each of the souls He must have, for the Covenant stands fast. Moreover, everyblessing in that Covenant which was guaranteed to the chosen seed was, by the precious blood, made eternally secure to thatseed! Oh, how I delight to speak about the sureness of that Covenant! How the dying David rolled that under his tongue asa sweet morsel! "Although my house," he said, "be not so with God"-there was the bitter in his mouth-"yet," he said-and therecame in the honey, "yet He has made with me an Everlasting Covenant, ordered in all things, and sure." And this sureness,mark you, lies in the blood! It is the blood of Christ that makes all things secure, for all the promises of God are yes andamen in Christ Jesus, to the Glory of God by us!

You will ask, it may be, "What is the purpose of this Doctrine?" Its purpose is this-To you who have believed in Jesus, Covenantmercies are sure, not because of your frames and feelings, but because of the precious blood of Jesus! Yesterday you werehappy, perhaps, and today you are downcast. Well, but the Covenant has not changed! Tomorrow you may be in the very depthsof despair, while today you are singing upon the top of the mountain-but the Covenant will not change. That august transactionwas not made by you and cannot be unmade by you! It tarries not for man, and waits not for the sons of men. There it standsfast and settled, signed by the Eternal Signet, and your security is not in yourselves, but in Christ. If Christ bought you-ifthe Father gave you to Him, if Christ became a Surety for you, then-

"Nor death, nor Hell, shall ever remove His favorites from His breast; In the dear bosom of His love They must forever rest!"

The name of the blood, as we find it in our own translation, is "the blood of the testament" This teaches a similar Truthof God, though it puts it under another figure. Salvation comes to us as a matter of will. Jesus Christ has left Eternal Lifeto His people as a legacy. Here are the words-"Father, I will that they, also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where Iam, that they may behold My Glory." Now, a will, as the Apostle rightly tells us, has no power whatever unless the man whomade it is dead. Hence the blood of Jesus Christ, the token of His death, gives validity to all the promises which He hasmade. That spear-thrust by the Roman soldier was a precious proof to us that our Lord was really dead. And now, Beloved, wheneveryou read a precious promise in the Bible, you may say, "This is a clause in the Redeemer's will." When you come to a choiceword, you may say, "This is another codicil to the will." Recollect that these things are yours-not because you are this orthat-but because His blood makes them yours! The next time Satan says to you, "You do not believe as you ought and, therefore,the promise is not sure," tell him that the sureness of the promise lies in the blood, and not in what you are or in whatyou are not! There is a will proved in Heaven's Court of Probate, whose validity depends upon its signatures, upon its witnessesand upon its being drawn up in proper style. The person to whom the property is left may be very poor, but that does not overthrowthe will. He may be very ragged, but that does not upset the will. He may have disgraced himself in some way or other, butthat does not make the will void. He who made the will and put His name to the will, makes the will valid, and not the legateeto whom the legacy was left. And so with you this Covenant stands secure, this will of Christ stands firm! In all your upsand downs, in all your successes and your

failures, you, poor needy Sinner, have nothing to do but to come and take Christ to be your All-in-All and put your trustin Him-and the Blood of the Covenant shall make the promises sure to you!

This is a sweet topic. I have not time, however, to enlarge upon it, but I heartily commend it to your private meditationsand trust you may find consolation in it.

II. The blood which Moses called "the blood of the covenant" or, "of the testament," was of the utmost importance in the ministryof the tabernacle, for IT WAS SPRINKLED BY HIM EVERYWHERE.

First, we are told that he sprinkled it upon the book Oh, how delightful this Bible looks to me when I see the blood of Christsprinkled upon it! Every leaf would have flashed with Sinai's lightning and every verse would have rolled with the thundersof Horeb if it had not been for Calvary's Cross! But now, as you look, you see on every page your Savior's precious blood!He loved you and gave Himself for you, and now you who are sprinkled with that blood and have by faith rested in Him, cantake that precious Book and find it to be green pastures and still waters to your souls!

The blood was then sprinkled upon the Mercy Seat itself. Whenever you cannot pray as you would, remember that Jesus Christ'sblood has gone before you and is pleading for you before the Eternal Throne of God. Like the good Methodist who, when a Brothercould not pray, cried out, "Plead the blood, Brother!" Yes, and when you feel so unworthy that you dare not look up. Whenthe big tear stands in your eye because you have been such a backslider and have been so cold in heart, plead the blood, mySister-you may always come where the blood is! There you see that this sin of yours has been already atoned for. Before youcommitted it, Jesus carried it! Long before it fell from your heart, the weight of it had pressed upon the Redeemer's heart-andHe put it away in that tremendous day when He took all the load of His people's guilt and hurled it into the sepulcher-tobe buried there forever!

Then the blood was sprinkled upon every vessel of the sanctuary. I like that thought. I like to come up to God's House andsay, "Well, I shall worship God today in the power and through the merit of the precious blood! My praises will be poor, feeblethings, but then the sweet perfume will go up out of the golden censer and my praises will be accepted through Jesus Christ!My preaching, oh, how full of faults-how covered over with sins! But then the blood is on it and because of that, God willnot see sin in my ministry, but will accept it because of the sweetness of His Son's blood."

You will come to the Communion Table tonight, most of you. But oh, do not come without the precious blood, for the best placeof all upon which it was sprinkled was upon all the people. The drops fell upon them all! As Moses took the basin and scatteredthe blood over the whole crowd, it fell upon all who were assembled at the door of the Tabernacle. Have you had sprinklingwith the precious blood, my Hearer? If you have, you shall live forever! But if you have not, the wrath of God abides on you!Do you ask how you can have the blood of Christ sprinkled upon you? It cannot be done literally, but faith does it. Faithis the bunch of hyssop which we dip into the basin and it sprinkles man's conscience from bad works. You say you have beenchristened, confirmed, baptized-but all these things together would not save one soul, much less all the multitudes who trustin them! They are not sufficient for the taking away of a single sin! But you always say your prayers, you have family prayersand you are very honest and so on! I know all this-but all these things you ought to have done and they will not make amendsfor what you have not done! All the debt that you have paid will not discharge those that are still due! Know you not thatsaying of the Scriptures, "by the deeds of the Law there shall no flesh be justified in His sight: for by the Law is the knowledgeof sin"? You may work your fingers to the bone, but you can never weave a righteousness that shall cover your nakedness beforeGod! The only hope for the sinner is to come and cast himself upon what Jesus Christ has done for him-depending upon the groans,and agonies, and death of the martyred Savior who stood for us and suffered in our place, that we might escape the wrath ofGod!

I hope that there is never a Sunday but what I teach this one Doctrine and, until this tongue is silent in the grave, I shallknow no other Gospel than just this-Trust Christ and you shall live! The bloody Sacrifice of Calvary is the only hope of sinners!Look there and you shall find the Star of Peace guiding you to everlasting day! But turn your backs upon Christ and you haveturned your back upon Heaven-you have courted destruction, you have sealed your doom! It is by the sprinkling of the blood,then, that we are saved. We must have the blood of Christ upon us in one way or the other. If we do not have it upon us tosave us, we shall have it upon us to destroy us. "His blood be on us and on our children," said the Jews to Pilate in theirmadness-and the siege of Jerusalem was the answer to the cry! Worse than was the siege of Jerusalem to the Jews, shall bethe death of those who do despite to the Spirit of Grace and despise the blood

of Jesus! But happy shall they be who, giving up every other confidence, come to the Blood of the Covenant and put their trustthere, for it shall not deceive them!

III. THE EFFECT OF THE BLOOD OF CHRIST claims our earnest attention-yet the minutes are few in which I can enlarge upon it.

Whenever Jesus Christ's blood comes upon a man, the instantaneous effect is something more than miraculous. Before the applicationof Christ's blood, the man was distracted. His guilt and its consequent punishment weighed heavily upon him. "Alas!" he said,"I shall soon die, and then Hell will be my lot!" Oh, some of us will never forget when we were in that miserable, burdenedstate! I declare before you all that when I felt the weight of my sin, I wished that I had never been born! And I envied frogs,and toads, and the most loathsome creatures, and thought that they were so much better off than I, because they had neverbroken the Law of God, which I had so wickedly and so willfully done! If I went to my bed, I started with the fear that Ishould wake up in Hell. And by day the same dread thought distracted me-that I was cast off by God and must perish! But themoment that I looked to Christ-do not mistake me-the very same moment that I put my trust in Christ, I rose from the depthsof despair to the utmost heights ofjoy! It was not a process of reasoning. It was not a matter which took hours and days-itwas all done in an instant! I understood that God had punished Christ instead of me, and I saw that, therefore, I could notbe punished anymore-that I never could be if Christ died for me-and I was assured that He did if I did but trust Him! So Idid trust Him-with my whole weight I threw myself into His arms and thought, at the time, that He had never had such a loadto carry before! But I found that He was able to save, even to the uttermost, them that came unto Him-and what joy and peaceI had in that moment it is impossible for me to describe! And I thank God that I have never lost it. There have been timeof depression. There have been seasons when the light of God's Countenance has been withdrawn. But one thing I know-ChristJesus came into the world to save sinners-I am a sinner, and my soul rests alone on Him! And how can He cast me away, sinceHis own promise is, "He that believes and is baptized shall be saved"? I have believed, by His Grace! I have been baptizedas an avowal of my faith! And He is not true if He does not save me! But He must be true, He cannot break His word! O dearFriends, there are hundreds here who have passed through the same blessed experience and they can tell you that the bloodof Jesus in an instant speaks peace to the soul!

And this precious blood has this property about it that if the peace which it first causes should become a little dim, youhave only to go to the precious blood to have that peace once more restored to you!

I would recommend any of my doubting Brothers and Sisters to come to Christ over again as they came to Him at first. Nevermind about your experience! Never care about your marks and evidences. Never get piling up your experiences. If you go tothe top of some mountains such as Snowdon or the Righi, you will find it all solid and firm enough, but there are some peoplewho want to get a little higher than the mountain, so the people there built a rickety old stage and charge you four pence-orsixpence to go to the top of it! And when you get up there, you find it is all shaky and ready to tumble down and you arefrightened! Well, but what need is there to go up there at all? If you would stand on the mountain, that would not shake!So, sometimes, we are not content with resting upon Christ as poor sinners, and depending on Him. We get to building a ricketystage of our own experience, or sanctification, or emotions, and I know not what besides-and then it begins to shake underour feet. Far better if we were like the Negro who said he "fell flat down on de promise, and when he had done that, he couldn'tfall no lower." Oh, to keep close to a promise! Job says that the naked embrace the rock for need of a shelter, and thereis no shelter like the Rock of Ages-

"None but Jesus Can do helpless sinners good!"

But I have not told you all the power of this blood, nor could I tell you tonight. That blood gives the pardoned sinner accesswith boldness to God, Himself. That blood, having taken away the guilt of sin, operates in a sanctifying manner and takesaway the power of sin-and the pardoned man does not live as he lived before he was pardoned. He loves God, who has forgivenhim so much-and that love makes him enquire, "What shall I do for God, who has done so much for me?" Then he begins to purgehimself of his old habits. He finds that the pleasures that once were sweet to him are sweet no more. "Away you go," he saysto his old companions, "I cannot go with you to Hell." Having a new heart, a new love, a new desire, he begins to mix withGod's people. He searches God's Word. He makes haste to keep God's commandments. His desires are holy and heavenly and hepants for the time when he shall get rid of all sin, shall be quite

like Christ and shall be taken away to dwell forever where Jesus is! Oh, the blood of Christ is a blessed sin-killer! Theysay that St. Patrick drove all the snakes out of Ireland. Ah, but Christ drives all the serpents out of the human heart whenHe once gets in. If He does but sprinkle His blood upon our hearts, we become new men-such new men as all the rules of moralitycould not have made us! Such new men as they are who, robed in white, day without night sing Jehovah's praise before His Throne!

Sinner, would you be saved tonight? Trust Jesus and you shall be! Sinner, would you be saved upon a dying bed? Trust Jesusnow and you shall be! Sinner, would you be saved when the heavens are in a blaze and the stars fall like withered fig leavesfrom the firmament? Look to Jesus, now, and you shall be saved then! Oh, I would to God that some of you would look to Him!Not for the eyes of your body to do it, but for the eyes of your mind to do it! Think of what Christ is-God, and yet Man.Think of such a Being suffering instead of you! What must be the merit of such suffering, and what an honor to God's Justicethat such an One should suffer instead of you! Then depend upon Christ and if you do so, your sins are forgiven you! Believethat they are. Then will you feel springing up within your heart great love to Him who has forgiven you-and that will becomethe mainspring of your new life! You will start afresh like one that is born tonight. You will, indeed, be born-again, forthis is regeneration! Not sprinkling your face with drops of water, but making a new man of you-generating you over again,not by natural generation, but by the Eternal Father begetting you again unto a lively hope by the Resurrection of Jesus Christfrom the dead-the true and only spiritual generation! And then, as new creatures in Christ Jesus, you shall go your way throughthis life up to the eternal life, God's blessing shielding you and crowning you forever.

The Lord grant you His blessing, for Christ's sake! Amen.


Hebrews 9:1. Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. That is, a sanctuary belongingto this world, a visible sanctuary. That first covenant was to a large degree a thing of outward rites and ceremonies, whichthe new covenant is not-it is a covenant of spiritual and unseen realities.

2-5. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the showbread; which is calledthe sanctuary. And behind the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of All; which had the golden censer,and the ark of the covenant overlaid roundabout with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna and Aaron's rod thatbudded, and the tables of the covenant; and over it the cherubims of Glory shadowing the Mercy Seat; of which we cannot nowspeak particularly. Because it was not his main purpose at that time-he was writing an important Epistle upon the most vitalTruths and it would not do to encumber it with too many explanations.

6-9. Now when these things were thus ordained, the priest went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the serviceof God. But into the second went the high priest, alone, once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself,and for the error of the people: the Holy Spirit thus signifying that the way into the Holiest of All was not yet made manifest,while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both giftsand sacrifices that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience. All these sacrificesand ceremonies, although full of instruction, were not, in themselves, able to give peace to the conscience of men. The newand better Covenant does give rest to the heart by the real and actual taking away of guilt, but this, the first Covenant,could not do. It is astonishing that there should be any who want to go back to the "beggarly elements" of the old JewishLaw, and again to have priests and an elaborate ritual, and I know not what besides! These things were faulty and fell shortof what was needed even when God instituted them, for they were never intended to produce perfection, or to give rest to thetroubled conscience! So of what use can those ceremonies be which are of man's own invention, and which are not accordingto the New Covenant at all?

10-12. Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time ofreformation. But Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not madewith hands, that is to say, not of this building; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood He enteredin once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. [See Sermon #2075, Volume 35-

OUR LORD'S ENTRANCE WITHIN THE VEIL.] Christ has entered into the

true Holy Place-not into that which was curtained with a veil, which was but a type, and which was put away when the veilwas torn from the top to the bottom as Jesus died. He has entered into the immediate Presence of God and He has entered thereonce and for all, "having obtained eternal redemption for us."

13, 14. For ifthe blood ofbulls and of goats, and the ashes ofan heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies to thepuri-

fying of the flesh: how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot toGod, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God [See Sermons #1481, Volume 25-THE RED HEIFER and #1846,

Volume 31-THE PURGING OF THE CONSCIENCE.] Do you all feel the power

of that blood now? Oh, what blessing it is to know that the conscience is quite at rest because of the purging worked by Jesus'blood! It is Heaven begun below! We cannot serve God aright until we have been thus cleansed. No, we dare not stand in thatawful Presence while the consciousness of sin is upon us! But when Jesus Christ says to us, "You are clean," then, "beingjustified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ." Then have we "access with confidence" unto theFather through Him.

15-17. And for this cause He is the Mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressionthat were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. For where a testamentis, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise itis ofno strength at all while the testator lives. Whether it is a covenant or a testament, death is necessary to make it valid.God's Covenants have always been sanctioned and ratified with blood and the Covenant or the Testament of eternal Grace isratified with the blood of the Surety and Testator!

18-26. Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all thepeople according to the Law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop and sprinkledboth the book, and all the people, saying, This is the blood of the testament which God has enjoined unto you. Moreover hesprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry. And almost all things are by the Law purgedwith blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission. It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavensshould be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ is not enteredinto the Holy Places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into Heaven itself now to appear in the Presenceof God for us: nor yet that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters into the Holy Place every year with bloodof others; for then must He often have suffered since the foundation of the world; but now once in the end of the world hasHe appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself [See Sermons #759, Volume 13-JESUS PUTTING AWAY SIN; #911, Volume16-THE PUTTING AWAY OF SIN and #2283, Volume 38-CHRIST'S ONE SACRIFICE FOR SIN.] What Aaron could not do by entering intothe Holy

Place year after year, Christ has done by entering into Heaven once! And there is no more need of a sacrifice for sin, andthey are grossly guilty who pretend to offer Christ over again. The great work of redemption is finished! Sin is put awayand there is no more remembrance of it. In the sight of God, Christ's one Sacrifice has completed the Expiation of sin, Glorybe to His holy name!

27, 28. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment so Christ was once offered to bear the sinsof many; and unto them that look for Him shall He appear the second time without sin unto salvation. He shall come to completethe salvation of those for whom His precious Sacrifice was offered all those hundreds of years ago. Now let us read the passageto which Paul refers in verses 19 to 21.

Exodus 24:1, 2. And He said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, you, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; andworship you afar off And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come near; neither shall the people go upwith him. Nearer to God than the people were allowed to come, but still at a distance from Him. It was a covenant of distance-boundswere set about the mountain lest the people should come too near. Yet they were near unto God as compared with the heathen,but far off as compared with those who now, by the teaching of the Spirit of God, have been brought near to God through theprecious blood of Jesus! Moses alone could come near to Jehovah on Mount Sinai-the people could not go up with him-nor evenwith the man who was their mediator with God, for such Moses was. But you and I, Beloved, can go up with Him who is far greaterthan Moses-

with Him who is the one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus, for God "has raised us up together, and made ussit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus."

3-8. And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered withone voice, and said, All the words which the LORD has said will we do. And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and roseup early in the morning, and built an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen untothe LORD. And Moses took half of the blood, andput it in basins; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. And he tookthe book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD has said will we do, andbe obedient AndMoses took the blood, and sprinkled it on thepeople, andsaid, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORDhas made with you concerning all these words. There is a double power about the blood-towards God an Atonement-that is theblood sprinkled on the altar. And towards ourselves a sense of reconciliation-thus must the blood be sprinkled upon us thatwe may prove its cleansing power.

9-10. Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, andseventy of the elders oflsrael: and they saw the God of Israel:and there was under His feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of Heaven in His clearness.