Sermon 3194. A Look and Its Lessons

(No. 3194)




"Hearken to Me, you that follow after righteousness, you that seek the LORD: look unto the rock where you were hewn, and tothe hole of the pit where you were dug." Isaiah 51:1.

[Another Sermon by Mr. Spurgeon upon the same text, is #1050, Volume 18-A BRIGHT LIGHT IN DEEP SHADES.]

THESE words were addressed to those who were already the people of God. No others could be thus exhorted to look unto therock where they were hewn, since they have never been hewn from it. Nor to the hole of the pit where they were dug, for theystill are in the hole of the pit. They are lost and ruined and they still remain in that condition. But the people of Godhave been broken off that rock by a blow from the Divine hammer. They have been brought up from the horrible pit by the mightof the Divine arm and their feet are now firmly fixed upon the Rock of Ages!

The people of God are here described as those "that follow after righteousness." That is the direction in which their lifegenerally flows. They are not perfect, but they want to be. They do not love that which is unrighteous, but they desire tobe right in all things both before God and before men. They are also said to be those "that seek the Lord," that is to say,they are those who could not live without seeking the Lord in prayer, or in public or private worship. Their great objectivein life is to glorify God, to make Him famous among the sons of men-and they desire to devote all their time, talents andpowers of every kind to His service and honor!

It is to such privileged people as these that the message of our text is addressed! And surely they will give good heed toit. Yet the form in which the message is put implies that there is need for a special call to attention. Lest those who areaddressed should fail to attend as earnestly as they ought, the command, "Hearken to me," puts the message before them inurgent and impressive tones. Come then, Beloved, and listen to it and let your inmost souls hear what the text has to sayto you-"Look unto the rock where you were hewn, and to the hole of the pit where you were dug."

So, first, let us look where we are told to look. And secondly, let us learn the lessons which that look is intended to teachus.

I. First, then, LET US LOOK WHERE WE ARE TOLD TO LOOK-"unto the rock where you were hewn, and to the hole of the pit whereyou were dug."

Look back then, first of all, to your nature's origin in the Garden of Eden. Look at that man and woman perfect in beauty,without blemish from head to foot, and altogether spotless in mind and heart as they came fresh from their Creator's hands!They are placed in a garden which is as perfect as they are. All that is fragrant to the smell, gratifying to the taste andlovely to the eyes, they have in the greatest profusion. The man's easy task was to dress and keep the garden which wouldhave spontaneously yielded all that he and his required. And the tenure upon which he might have held that fair estate forhimself and his heirs forever was very simple and clear-"Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat, but of the Tree ofthe Knowledge of Good and Evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof, you shall surely die." To eatof that tree would show that man had revolted from his allegiance to his Sovereign, that he had ceased to depend upon theGod who had created him and set up on his own account. And it would be, in fact, a declaration of war by finite man againstthe Infinite Jehovah! Alas for us that our first parents were not immune from temptation! Mother Eve, deceived by the serpent,took of the forbidden fruit and ate of it and gave some to her husband, and he also

ate of it-and then their eyes were opened and they perceived that they were naked to their shame before God-and they hid themselveswhen they heard His voice in the garden in the cool of the day.

Poor Adam, he was our Covenant head and there could not have been a Covenant that would have been more easy to keep-only leavethe fruit of that one tree alone-and you and all your descendants shall enjoy perpetual happiness! Only be obedient to theGod who made you, and you shall bring upon yourself and all your posterity continual holiness and joy! It is foolish for anyoneto complain because Adam was made our representative, for had we all been present to chose the man who would stand as ourfederal head, we would certainly have selected Adam, for there has never been another man so well qualified as he was forsuch a responsible position. Yet, perfect man as he was, he fell-and terrible was the result of that fall both for himselfand for all his posterity! Out of the garden he must go for he was no longer fit to remain in such a paradise as Eden was-andhe must go where he would learn, by painful experience, the effects of his sin-where the earth would bring forth thorns andthistles and its scanty harvests (compared with the abundance of Eden) would only be gained by long and toilsome labor. Thiswas a necessary discipline of love which was enforced by the very mercy of God, since Adam's nature was no longer what ithad been before. He began by doubting the truth of God's word and then he went further and imagined that he might do as hepleased, and be his own god-that he might disobey God and yet be a gainer, for he believed the lie of the serpent-"You shallnot surely die, for God knows that in the day you eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened and you shall be as gods, knowinggood and evil."

Our earthly father had set himself up as a rival to our Father in Heaven! And because he was our representative, we were alldoomed to be born into this world rebellious in our very nature, prone to evil even from our birth. You, child of God, standtonight at the foot of the Cross, "accepted in the Beloved," but look back to the place where you once stood in the personof your representative, the first Adam. You then stood outside the Garden of Eden, and sorrowfully gazed upon the "flamingsword which turned every way, to keep the way of the Tree of Life." You do not fear that sword, now, for it has been sheathedin your Savior's heart, and its flames have been quenched in His blood. And therefore you can now stand at the foot of theCross and, by-and-by, you shall stand at the gates of pearl-no, more-you shall pass through that gate and stand before theThrone of the Eternal, a soul reclaimed, restored, perfected and made meet to dwell forever with the thrice-holy One! Butwhile you think of your present privileges and of the bliss that is in store for you, do not forget to look back "unto therock where you were hewn, and to the hole of the pit where you were dug." Let us now look back and see our original in anotherlight.

Let us look at human nature as it is nowand see how it became tainted by our first parents. But when I say, "Let us look athuman nature as it is now," I remember that this is a sight which I am unable to reveal to you in all its horrors, for man,by nature, is exceedingly sinful and "every imagination of the thoughts of his heart is only evil continually." Our heart,by nature, is a very forge of the devil-and when man speaks blasphemy, it is but the sparks flying out of the forge! And whenhe works iniquities, these are but the glowing coals which Satan has fanned into a flame. "The prince of the power of works in the children of disobedience, among whom we, also, all had our conversation in times past," whatever changeDivine Grace may have worked in us. Remember, Believer in Jesus, that your heart was, by nature, as black as the heart ofJudas! Whatever sin there may have been in any other man, the germ of that sin was in your nature-there was no superiorityabout you, by nature, to any other member of the human race. However excellent your parents may have been-and God forbid thatI should disparage them-it is still true, "That which is born of the flesh is flesh." It must be so. From defilement-and thatis in the parents-there can only come defilement. There cannot be a crystal stream from an impure fountain!

Your nature, then, whatever God may have made it now, was that of a fallen being, a revolted being, one who had gone astrayfrom God. The heart is, naturally, a cage of unclean birds, a den of evil beasts. And he who has been taught to see all itsabominations is the most horrified at them! We read of the fountains of the great deep that were broken up in the days ofNoah, but there are deeps of iniquity and transgression in every human heart, which, if they were not restrained by education,by the laws of the land and by the voice of conscience, would pour forth in a terrible flood that would ruin the sinner andruin society at the same time! "The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?" We neverdo know it until the Spirit of God convinces us of sin, of righteousness and ofjudgment- and it is well for Christians, whohave been thus taught of the Spirit, oftentimes to look back to the rock where they were hewn, and to the hole of the pitwhere they were dug.

Now let us look back upon human nature as it has been seen in the history ofmankind. What a strange creature man is! How nearakin to Deity when Divine Grace changes his whole nature-how near akin to devilry when he is left to himself! What crimesare there that men have not committed? The true story of the human race is a disgrace to us all. You cannot read the historyof mankind without discovering the fact that for cruelty to men, no beast has ever equaled man and that for perfidy, treachery,and deceit, no serpent with its cunning, its fascination and its deadly venom can be compared with man! What fierce lion,ranging across the plains of Africa, has ever been equal in destructive force to a conqueror at the head of a victorious army?And what cobra, lurking by the wayside, ready to slay its victim, has ever been so full of venom as certain men have shownin the pursuit of their ambitions, utterly careless of the lives and happiness of their fellow men? There have been men whohave let loose the cruel dogs of war and waded through rivers of human blood that they might sit upon a throne! The greatones of the earth have perpetrated horrible infamies and the lowest of the low have not been a whit better when the powerhas been in their hands. Sin has reigned equally among princes and peasants and every man, unless renewed by Grace, is capableof committing any crime that other men have committed! Some of you doubt that assertion and feel inclined to say what Hazaelsaid to Elisha when the Prophet foretold what he would do when he had the power, "What? Is your servant a dog, that he shoulddo this great thing?" He did not believe that it was possible that he should do such deeds, yet he did them when he had theopportunity-and none of us know what we might have done if we had been placed in the positions that others have occupied andhad been exposed to the temptations that assailed them. If the Grace of God has saved us, let us be the last people in theworld to begin boasting! But, looking back upon the crimes of which others have been guilty, let us contemplate what we mighthave done if we had not been Divinely restrained-and so let us again look back unto the rock where we were hewn, and untothe hole of the pit where we were dug.

I must come still more closely home as I earnestly invite all here who love the Lord to look back upon what we were and whatwe did in our unregenerate condition. Some of us may well hide our faces and hold our tongues as we think of what we did beforewe were converted, "whereof we are now ashamed." Some here can remember the time when "the seat of the scornful" was lovedby them and they had not learned to love the place they now occupy in God's House and among His people. Lips that are nowconsecrated to the praise of God were then defiled with oaths and blasphemies. Blessed be God for saving the gross open offenders,"and such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus,and by the Spirit of our God." As you look back to that horrible pit, bless the name of the Lord that He brought you up outof it!

Others of us who were graciously restrained by God from falling into the grosser vices, can never look back without tearsto our unregenerate days. We did evil as far as we could and if we did not go further into it, it was because there were blessedchecks that held us in and even those bonds and restraints we hated and would have broken them had we dared to do so! Howgrieved we are now that we should ever have resisted as we did the appeals of Divine Mercy, the strivings of the Spirit, theadmonitions of our godly parents and the warnings of Christian friends! However painful the process may be, I ask every Brotherand Sister here to look back unto the rock where they were hewn, and to the hole of the pit where they were dug. It is veryeasy for you to get conceited and proud, but it would help to preserve you from such folly and sin if you would only rememberwhat you used to be before the Grace of God made such a change in you. Then you would not want to sing to your own praiseand glory, but you would walk humbly before the Lord and give all the honor to Him for what Divine has worked in you. Thiswill make it a most profitable exercise for us to look back to see what we were before our conversion.

There is only one more look that I ask you to give, and that is the saddest and most terrible of all-look, as far as you can,at the state of the lost. There is a land of darkness and of the shadow of death where the very light is as darkness, andwhere despair reigns supreme. There are no sights to be seen in that land but such as cause the eyes to weep. And no soundsto be heard but such as grate upon the ears, for He who knows all about it has told us that there shall be weeping and wailingand gnashing of teeth in that dead world of the lost! Stand at a distance from that place where the smoke of their tormentgoes up forever and ever-and if you can bear it, try to think what must be the condition of spirits that are at this moment,while you are sitting here, banished from the Presence of God and condemned to reap the results of the deeds done in the body!Think, also, that but for Divine Grace, we would have been there too. There are some here, who but for a special interpositionof Providence might have been there now! Had that fever proved fatal, you would have been there, my Friend! Had that vesselveered just a little from her course in that dense fog, you, being unregenerate, would have been there to weep and wail forever!There is one who, before his conversation, was at death's door and at Hell's gate scores of times. I want you, my Brother,to think of that, and then you will say, "Had it not been for Divine Grace, I would have been this night among those lostspirits instead of being here among my Brothers and Sisters in Christ, rejoicing in what the Lord has done for me and praisingand magnifying His holy name!" Great as is the distance between the heights of Heaven and the depths of Hell, as great isthe Lord's mercy toward you whom He has redeemed. So, looking away even to the abode of the lost, and trying to realize fromhow terrible a doom the Lord has delivered you, remember the rock where you have been hewn and the hole of the pit where youhave been dug.



I have already hinted at one result of looking back in the way I have described, but may again remind you that it ought tohumble us. How apt we are to be proud! If there is one man here who says, "I am not proud, I am very humble," I say to him,"My dear Brother, you must excuse me, but I would not be surprised if you are the proudest man here, for he who imagines heis humble proves by that every fact how very proud he is." We are all proud. Pride can hide under a beggar's rags as wellas under an alderman's robes. Pride is a weed that will grow on a dunghill as well as in a palace garden, but it ought neverto be allowed to grow in the heart of a Christian! Yet I think-yes, I knowthat I have seen it in some who profess to be followersof the Lord Jesus Christ! Some professors are proud because they have got on in the world, and have raked together a big heapof money. But, of all kinds of pride, that is one of the most contemptible, for a man is no more of a man because there ismore gold and silver in his house than in other people's. The man must be judged apart from his money. There is many a millionairewho is miserably poor, and many a truly rich man who scarcely ever has a shilling to spare. It is paltry pride that is proudof riches and, on the other hand, I have known others who had no money to make them proud, who were not a whit more humblethan the purse-proud people, for pride can come in at the back door as easily as at the front!

It is a sad thing when a Christian gets proud of his graces and says, "I am a very different man from what I used to be, andvery different, also, from most other Christians. I live nearer to God. I pray more, I think I walk more circumspectly thanothers do." Perhaps he adds, "I glorify God for this." Mind that you do, my dear Brother, for it is very easy to descend fromglorifying God to glorifying yourself! You may even be bowing down before the detestable idol of self-righteousness at thevery time that you imagine you are glorifying God. The great cure for this evil is to pray to God to keep you humble and itwill tend toward that end if you often look unto the rock where you were hewn and to the hole of the pit where you were dug.I have often told you what an old plowman said to me long ago, "Depend upon it, Sir, if you and I get an inch above the ground,we get just that inch too high." And I am persuaded that he was right. Lying in the dust before God is the safest and bestposture for us! If we think we have anything of which we have reason to be proud, we are only deceiving ourselves. Yet thereare professing Christians who seem to have quite forgotten what they used to be-forgotten that they were purged from theirold sins by a miracle of mercy-and that they were made Christians by the almighty Grace of God. If they remembered these things,they would walk humbly before the Lord as they used to do. When they first joined the Church, they loved all their fellowmembers, and thought that each one of them was better than themselves. But now they are constantly picking holes in this orthat Brother's character and finding fault with one Sister or another. When they first made a profession of religion, theywere half afraid to unite with God's people lest they should be an injury to the Church and weaken it through their shortcomings-butnow they look down with contempt upon those who are far better than they are ever likely to be! Such high looks and such proudspirits will have to be brought down if they are really the children of God! And though the process may be a very painfulone, the result of it will be highly beneficial to them. They think themselves wonderfully fine fellows, but they forget thatthey would have been in Hell if it had not been for the Infinite Mercy and loving kindness of the Lord. It is a good thingwhen these who have been so proudly crowing over others get their combs cut by being made to feel that, after all, they aresinners just as others are and that if they are saved sinners, their salvation is not to be ascribed to themselves, but tothe Grace of God through the blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ their Lord and Savior!

This backward look to what we used to be will not only help to humble us, it will also tend to encourage us. "To encourageus?" someone asks. Yes, for if when we were dead in trespasses and sins, the Lord quickened us by His Spirit,

how is it possible for Him to cast us away, now that we are adopted into His family? If He has reclaimed us from the dominionof sin and Satan, will He not do for us what is, after all, a less work by keeping us from going back to the old state ofbondage? Would He have saved us if He had intended us to be lost at the last? Oh, no, He who has brought us up out of thehorrible pit and out of the miry clay, and has set our feet upon a Rock and put a new song in our mouth, even praise untoour God, will never let us go back to that state from which He delivered us! If we wander from Him, as we are so prone todo, He will heal our backslidings and cause us again to rejoice in the God of our salvation!

Then, dear Friends, this backward look tends to make us tender towards others and to encourage us to hope for their salvation.True Christians should never feel, "I am too good to associate with such sinful people as I see all around me." If he wouldlook back to the rock where he was hewn, and to the hole of the pit where he was dug, he would never allow such a thoughtas that to linger in his mind for even a minute! I hear now and then of a minister who is said to have "a very select congregation."It seems to be the rule, whenever there is a very small number of people attending a place of worship, to say that the preacheris of such a high intellectual order that his ministry is not attractive to the masses, but that the few who go to hear himmake up in quality what they lack in quantity. Well, I have occasionally had the opportunity of testing that statement, andI have come to the conclusion that such congregations are neither intellectually nor spiritually better than others-nor halfas good as some with which I am acquainted.

If I were to feel that I was too good to mix with the worst of men in the hope of being of service to them, or that I wastoo pure to have anything to do with my fellow sinners, I would be imitating the Pharisee who says, "Stand by, for I am holierthan you," and I would have forgotten the rock where I was hewn, and the hole of the pit where I was dug. O Beloved, if yourecall your own condition as sinners, you will love those who are still "in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity,"and your great desire will be to bring them to Jesus even as you, yourself, were brought to Him! Sometimes, when I have beenpreaching, I have had this thought in my mind, "I will not tell my Hearers that God can save the greatest sinners becauseHe saved John Bunyan and John Newton, but I will tell them that He can save all other sinners because He saved me." When Ihave had that thought uppermost in my mind, I have found that I could preach with great tenderness to those who were out ofthe way. It was this feeling that led Charles Wesley to write-

"He breaks the power of cancelled sin,

He set the prisoners free!

His blood can make the foulest clean,

His blood availed for me."

This ought also to be the thought and feeling of every Christian, "What He has done for me, He can do for others. There isno one living who is too far gone for His Sovereign Mercy. As He was able to save me, I will go to others with the hope andbelief that He is able to save them. And I will try to encourage them to see whether there is not salvation for them, evenfor them."

Now, lastly, I think that this backward look will tend to make us faithful to the Savior and fill us with a burning zeal forHis Glory. I do not know anything better that I could suggest to you as the subject of your meditations, when you are at homealone and quiet for a little while, than to look back to the days of your impenitency and unbelief. I know that you will notascribe your salvation to your own merits or your own good works, but that you will ascribe it to the Grace of God from firstto last! And then the natural instinct of your renewed nature will make you fall down upon your knees and adore the InfiniteMercy of God in saving you. He might have left you to perish as He has left so many others, but in His Sovereignty, He lookedwith pity and love upon you and saved you. What did you do to help the Lord to save you? Help Him to save you? Why, you didall you could to hinder Him until, at last, His Omnipotent Love overcame the natural unwillingness of your heart and madeyou willing in the day of His power! Oh, you ought to praise God! Gratitude and adoration should constantly rise from yourheart unto Him who has done such great things for you!

I close by reminding every sinner here that God is able to save him, into whatever depths he may have fallen, for God hassaved other sinners who were just like him. If you, my Hearer, have been guilty of every crime in the book, you may stillbe cleansed by the precious blood of Jesus which cleanses from all sin! There is power in His blood to blot out the blackestsin-and that power shall be realized by you if you give heed to this message-"Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you shallbe saved." To believe is to trust, to rely upon, to depend upon. And if you do rely upon Jesus, all your iniquities shallnot be reckoned unto you, but they shall be reckoned among those that were put away by Him when He

bore our sins in His own body on the tree! Then all His merits shall be reckoned unto you-there shall be a clear exchangemade-Christ taking your sin and you taking His righteousness! Oh, that you would believe on Him this very moment! May Godgive you Grace to do so! Then shall you be able, with us who also have believed in Jesus, to look back to the rock where youwere hewn and to the hole of the pit where you were dug-and to adore and magnify the name of the Lord forever and ever! Amen.


Verse 1. O foolish Galatians, who has bewitchedyou?Paul writes as if they had come under some kind of witchcraft and beendeluded by it. This seemed to astonish the Apostle, so he cries out to them "Who has bewitched you?"

1. That you shouldnot obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ has been evidently set forth, crucified among you?Theyhad heard the plainest possible preaching from Paul and his companions. Jesus Christ had been so clearly set forth beforethem that they might, as it were, see Him as He hung upon the Cross of Calvary. Yet, under some unhallowed spell, they turnedaside from the faith of Christ!

2. This only I want to learn from you: Didyou receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by the hearing of faith?

[See Sermon #1705, Volume 29-THE HEARING OF FAITH.] "You profess to

have received the Spirit-did the Spirit come to you by the works of the Law, or through hearing and believing the


3. Are you so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are you now madeperfect by the fesh?"Did you begin right, and are you goingto finish in some other way? Is the foundation laid in the Truth of God, and will you build lies upon it? Is the foundationJesus Christ, the chief cornerstone, and is the superstructure to be wood, hay and stubble?"

4. Have you suffered so many things in vain-if it is, indeed, in vain. "Have you been made to suffer through conviction ofsin? Have you even been persecuted for the Truth's sake? And are you going to give it up after all that?

5. He therefore who ministers to you the Spirit, and works miracles among you, does He do it by the works of the Law, or bythe hearing of fait? "Have those miracles been worked in your midst by the power of faith or by the works of the Law?"

6. Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. That is the Scriptural Doctrine- faith iscounted or imputed for righteousness.

7. Know you therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. Those who are justified by faithin Jesus. Those whose faith is counted for righteousness-they are the children of believing Abraham-not those who are underthe Law of Moses.

8. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham,saying, In you shall all nations be blessed. Just as Abraham was blessed, so are the nations to be blessed, that is, by faith.By faith they become his spiritual seed. By faith they enter into his Covenant. By faith, they receive the blessings of Grace.

9. So then they which are of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. Just as the believing Abraham was accounted righteous,so believing men who are the spiritual seed of Abraham, are also accounted righteous.

10. For as many as are of the words of the Law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is everyone that continues notin all things which are written in the Book of the Law to do them. Can any man perfectly keep the whole Law of God? Has anyman ever continued in all things which are written in the Book of the Law, to do them? No and, therefore, all that the Lawdoes is to bring the curse upon those who are under its dominion-none of them can obtain salvation by the works of the Law!

11. But that no man is justified by the Law in the sight of God is evident: for the just shall live by faith. [See Sermons

#814, Volume 14-LIFE BY FAITH and #2809, Volume 48-FAITH-LIFE.] This passage is again and again repeated in the Scriptures-"Thejust shall live by faith." There are no other just men living! There cannot be any other just men living, but those that liveby faith!

12. And the Law is not of faith: but, the man that does them shall live in them. The law demands doing. The Gospel enjoinsbelieving. The believing man comes in as an heir of the blessing, but the man who trusts to his own doing is an heir of thecurse.

13. Christ has redeemed us from the curse ofthe Law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursedis everyone

that hangs on a tree. [See Sermons #873, Volume 15-CHRIST MADE A CURSE FOR US and #2093, Volume 35-THE CURSE AND THE CURSEFOR US.] What a wonderful Doctrine this is! We should have he itated to use such language as this had not the Holy Spirit,Himself, moved Paul to write that Christ was "made a curse for us." He who is most blessed, forever. He who is the fountainof blessing and the channel of blessing to all who ever are blessed was, "made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed iseveryone that hangs on a tree"-

14. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ, that we might receive the promise oftheSpirit through faith. Dear Friends, are you living by faith upon the Son of God? Are you trusting in God? Are you believingHis promises? Some think that this is a very little thing, but God does not think so. Faith is a better index of characterthan anything else. The man who trusts his God and believes His promises is honoring God far more than is the man who supposesthat by any of his own doings he can merit Divine approval and favor.

15. Brethren, I speak after the matter of men. Though it is but a man's covenant, yet if it is confirmed, no man disannuls,or adds thereto. If a covenant is once made, signed, sealed and ratified, no honorable man would think of drawing back fromit. Whatever happens afterwards, the covenant having been once made, is regarded as an established fact and it must remain.

16. 17. Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He says not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to yourSeed, which is Christ. And this I say, that the Law which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the Covenantthat was confirmed before of God in Christ, that it should make the promise of no effect. This is sound reasoning. God madea Covenant with Abraham and said that in him and in his Seed all nations would be blessed. All Believers are in Christ, whois here called Abraham's Seed and, therefore, they must be blessed! Whatever the Law may say or may not say, it was not givenuntil 430 years after the Covenant was made with Abraham and, therefore, cannot affect it in any way.

18. For if the inheritance is ofthe Law, it is no more of promise. God gave it to Abraham by promise. It was a free gift-Hedid not bestow it upon the condition of merit on Abraham's part. Isaac was born, not according to the power of the flesh,but according to promise-and the whole Covenant is according to free Grace and Divine promise.

18, 19. But Godgave it to Abraham bypromise. Whatpurpose, therefore, does the Lawserve?[See Sermon #128, Volume

3-THE USES OF THE LAW.] What was the use of it?

19. It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made. The law makes us knowwhat transgression is. It reveals its true nature. Under the hand of the Holy Spirit, it makes us see the evil of sin. Wemight not have perceived sin to be sin if it had not been for the command of God not to commit it-but when the commandmentcomes, then we recognize sin and the evil of it.

19-21. Andit was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one. Isthe Law, then, against the promises of God? God forbid! For if there had been a Law given which could have given life, verilyrighteousness should have been by the Law. There could not have been a better Law! Some talk about the Law of God being toosevere, too strict, too stringent, but it is not. If the design had been that men should live by the Law, there could nothave been a better Law for that purpose and, therefore, it is proved that by the principle of Law nobody ever can be justified,because even with the best of laws, all men are sinful and need that justification which comes only by Grace through faith!

22. But the Scripture has concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them

that believe. [See Sermon #1145, Volume 19-THE GREAT JAIL AND HOW TO GET OUT OF IT.] All of us, by nature, are shut up likecriminals in a prison that is so securely bolted and barred that there is no hope of escape for any who are within it. Butwhy are all the doors shut and fastened? Why in order that Christ may come and open the one only eternal door of salvation-"thatthe promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe."

23. But before faith came, we were kept under the Law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

[See Sermon #2402, Volume 41-UNDER ARREST.] Well do I remember when

I was "shut up" in this fashion. I struggled and strove with might and main to get out, but I found no way of escape. I was"shut up" until Faith came and opened the door and brought me out into "the glorious liberty of the children of God."

24. Therefore the Law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faih. [See Sermon #1196, Volume

20-THE STERN TEACHER.] The tutor was a slave who led the children to school and sometimes whipped them to school. That iswhat the Law did with us-it took us under its management, whipped us and drove us to Christ.

25. But after faith is come, we are no longer under a tutor. Now we go to Christ willingly, cheerfully, joyfully, trustingin Him with all our hearts. The tutor's work is done so far as we are concerned.

26. For you are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. We hear a great deal about the universal fatherhood of God,but it is all nonsense! There is no Scripture for it whatever. Those only are the children of God who are "the children ofGod by faith in Christ Jesus."

27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. "He is everything to you. He covers you, He surroundsyou. You do not stand before God in your own filthy rags, but you have put on Christ."

28. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for you are all onein Christ Jesus. What a mercy it is to be in Christ, so that you are not seen any more, but only Christ, and you acceptedin Him!

29. And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. "According to the promise"-notaccording to your works, or your gifts, but "heirs according to the promise."