Sermon 3179. A Comprehensive Benediction

(No. 3179)




"Now our Lord Jesus Christ Himself, and God, even our Father, who has loved us, and has given us everlasting consolation andgood hope through Grace, comfort your hearts, and establish you in every good word and work." 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17.

[Other Sermons by Mr. Spurgeon, upon the same text, are Sermons, #1542, Volume 26-FREE GRACE A MOTIVE FOR FREE GIVING;

#2363, Volume 40-COMFORT AND CONSTANCY and #2991, Volume 52-WHAT WE HAVE, AND ARE TO HAVE.]

ALL through his Epistles, Paul is continually expressing his best wishes for the friends to whom he writes. The Christianshould be a well-wisher to all men. No cursing should ever come out of his mouth, but his lips should always distil blessingseven upon his enemies-and much more upon his friends. Brothers and Sisters in Christ Jesus, it should be a part of our religionto be desiring the best of blessings for our fellow men. As the high priest of old blessed the people, so should those whomGod has made to be priests and kings unto Himself-a privilege that pertains to all saints- exercise the function of blessingthe people by desiring good things for them!

The blessing invoked in the text is very comprehensive, but although there is much to crave, there is much more to acknowledgewith gratitude. Blessings already secured in the Covenant are the foundation of a rich expectancy for the supply of all ourpresent needs. We may reasonably hope that God will do in the future what He has done in the past. Hence the Apostle speaksvery plainly of what God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ have already bestowed-and then he couples therewith the kindestwishes as to the future of his friends at Thessalonica.

With as much brevity as possible, I shall first speak on that part of the text which contains two positive facts. And thenupon that part of it which expresses two holy desires.


Paul, writing concerning believers in Christ at Thessalonica and everywhere else, says, "Now our Lord Jesus Christ Himself,and God, even our Father, who has loved us and has given us everlasting consolation and good hope through Grace." From thiswe gather that every true Believer-everyone who rests upon Christ and is saved through the effectual working of the Holy Spirit-is,at the present moment, first of all, the object of the love of God-"who has loved us." So, my Friends, Paul does not speakof God as though we were strangers to Him and He is a stranger to us, but he says, "who has loved us." Concerning this matter,he does not speak as one who was in doubt-with mingled hope and fear- but he says positively, "Our Lord Jesus Christ, Himself,and God, even our Father, who has l oved us." He is quite sure of it! He is certain that these people to whom he is writing,and all believers in Jesus, are the objects of Divine Love!

Will you turn that Truth of God over in your minds, dear Friends, making a personal application of it at this moment? If youare now trusting in Jesus Christ, God loves you! That He should think of you is something! That He should pity you is more.That He should bear with you and have patience with you is no small thing-but think of God loving you! That Infinite Beingwhom the Heaven of heavens cannot contain, whose years are eternal, whose existence knows no limit nor shadow of a change-Heloves you and yet you are, compared with Him, nothing-yes, less than nothing and vanity! Could you conceive of an angel lovingan ant? Could you imagine one of the seraphs being in love with the gnat which dances in the sunbeam? It would be wonderfulcondescension for the august spirits to love such insignificant creatures, yet it would be only one creature loving anothercreature! And between one creature and another, the distance cannot be as great as between the Creator and the created one!That God, the Eternal, Infinite, Almighty I AM, should actually condescend to love us, who are but as worms compared withHim and who are but as things of yesterday, soon

gone, oh, 'tis strange, 'tis passing strange, 'tis amazing! Yet though it exceeds marvel, it does not, thank God, exceed belief!But were it not that God has, Himself, revealed it, we might have cause enough to suppose it to be impossible that the LordJesus Christ and God, even our Father, should have loved us!

Being spoken of in the past tense, I infer that the love which God has for Believers is no novelty. He did not commence tolove them yesterday. Brothers and Sisters, we believe that as many as have been called by Grace have been the objects of alove that never knew a beginning! Long before the stars were lit, or the sun's refulgent ray had pierced through primevalshade, the heart of Deity had fixed itself upon the chosen! The prescient eyes of God had seen them when as yet they werenot-and in His book all their names were written, which in continuance were fashioned when as yet there were none of them!They were not merely foreknown, but they were foreloved! They were the favorites of His heart, the dear ones of His choice.He "has loved us." Fly back as far as you will-till time has not begun, the work of Creation is not accomplished and God dwellsalone-it was still true of all Believers, even then, that "God, even our Father, has loved us."

Is it not marvelous that we should have been the objects of a love that has been so constant? For, as there never was anybeginning to it, so there never has been a period in which that love has grown dim towards those who were the objects of it!The river of God's Love has gone flowing on in one undiminished stream even until now! He "has loved us." He loved us whenour father Adam plunged us into the ruins of the Fall. He loved us when He spoke the first promise in the Garden of Eden,that the Seed of the woman would bruise the serpent's head. He loved us all through the prophetic days when He was writingthe Book of Love upon which our delighted eyes were afterwards to gaze. He loved us when He sent His Son, His only Son, tolive our life and to die our death! He loved us when He exalted that Son of His to His own right hand-and in His Person exaltedus there, too, and made us to sit in heavenly places together with Him. He loved us when we were little children, in the weaknessof infancy hanging upon our mother's breasts. He loved us when, in the follies of our youth, we seemed determined to destroyourselves while He was determined that we should be saved. He loved us when we loved not Him. He drew us with the cords ofa man and with the bands of love-and now, even at this day-we can, each one of us, look up to Him and say, "Abba! Father!You are mine and I am Yours by the Spirit of adoption." Yes, we can say this! We can look back all along our past lives andright beyond our birth into eternity past, and we can thank Him that we can truly say, "God, even our Father, has loved us."

Now, my dear Brothers and Sisters in Christ, you must not be satisfied unless you can speak about God's love to you in thesame positive terms as those which were used by the Apostle Paul. Never rest contented if you do not know that God loves you!Give no sleep to your eyes, nor slumber to your eyelids until, by a living faith, you have been able to read your title clearto this love of God! It may be that you have lost the sensible presence of that love-then ask for Divine Grace to search untilyou find it again. You may be saved and yet you may not be happy, but you ought never be content unless you are certain thatyou are saved-and then such certainty will infallibly bring you peace and joy. If now your full assurance has departed andyour faith is under a cloud, come and knock again at Mercy's door and cling to the posts thereof, looking up at the CrucifiedOne. Turn your tearful eyes to Calvary, trusting afresh to Him whose wounds will give you healing and in the crimson linesof whose agonies you must read your acceptance. Go there, I say, and be not content till you can say with Paul, "Our LordJesus Christ, Himself, and God, even our Father, has loved us." This is the first positive fact which is here mentioned.

There is another fact which is equally positive-"and has given us everlasting consolation and good hope through Graced Itis absolutely certain that God has given His people this double blessing. What a delightful blessing this is, "everlastingconsolation"! There is music in the word, "consolation." Barnabas was called "the son of consolation." No, more than that,it is the name of One who is far greater than Barnabas, for the Lord Jesus is called "the Consolation of Israel." But Godis here said to have given this blessing to His people in a very special form- "everlasting consolation." A man goes to workto make money and, after toiling hard for it, he gets it and it is a consolation to him. But it is not an everlastingconsolation,for he may spend or he may lose all his money. He may invest it in some company (limited or unlimited), and very soon findit vanish! Or he may be compelled by death to leave it. It cannot be, at the best, more than a temporary consolation. A mantoils hard for knowledge. He acquires it. He becomes eminent, his name is famous. This is a consolation to him for all histoil, but it cannot last long, for when he comes to feel the headache or the heartache, his degrees and his fame cannot cheerhim. Or when his soul becomes a prey to despondency, he may turn over many a

learned tome before he will find a cure for melancholy. His consolation is but frail and fickle-it will only serve to cheerhim at intermittent seasons-it is not "everlasting consolation." But I venture to say that through the consolation which Godgives to His people, they are unsurpassed for their endurance! They can stand all tests-the shock of trial, the bursting outof passion, the lapse of years-no, more-they can even endure the passage to eternity, for God has given to His people "everlastingconsolation."

What is this "everlasting consolation"? It includes a sense of pardoned sin. A Christian, when his heart is right, knows thatGod has pardoned his sins, that He has cast them behind His back, and that they will never be mentioned against him again.He has received in his heart the witness of the Spirit that God has blotted out, as a thick cloud, his transgressions and,as a cloud, his sins. Well, if sin is pardoned, is not that a consolation? Yes, and an everlasting consolation, too-one thatwill do to live with and that will do to die with-and that will do to rise again with! Oh, joy! My sins are pardoned! Nowdo what You will with me, my God! As my sins are put away, You have given me "everlasting consolation."

This "everlasting consolation" also gives an abiding sense of acceptance in Christ. The Christian knows that God looks uponhim as he is in Christ and, inasmuch as God put Christ into his place, and punished Christ for his sin, He now puts the Believerinto Christ's place and rewards that Believer with His love just as if he had been obedient unto death, as Christ was! Itis a blessed thing to know that God accepts us and to be able to sing, with Hart-

" With my Savior's garments on,

Holy as the Holy One"-

and this is a consolation which is abiding. It is, in fact, everlasting! Now let sickness come-the consolation still abides.Have we not seen hundreds of Believers as happy in the weakness of disease as they would have been in the strength of haleand vigorous health? Let death come-the consolation still remains. Have not these ears often heard the songs of dying saintsas they have rejoiced because the love of God was shed abroad in their hearts by the Holy Spirit? Yes, a sense of acceptancein the Beloved is an "everlasting consolation."

Moreover, the Christian has a conviction of his security in Christ. God has promised to save all those who trust in Jesus.The Christian does trust in Him and he believes that God will be as good as His word and will save him. He feels, therefore,that whatever may occur in Providence, whatever onslaughts there may be of inward corruption, or of outward temptation, heis safe by virtue of his union to Christ-is not this a source of consolation? Why, some of you might freely give your eyesto know that you are saved! It would be a good bargain for men even to be lame or maimed if they did but enter into life.The Christian knows that he is secure-beneath the shield of the Divine Omnipotence he laughs at the rage of Hell, feelingthat no fiery dart can ever pierce that sacred protection! Are you rejoicing in this everlasting consolation? If not, youshould seriously question whether you know what true religion means. Do you find that your losses make you wretched? Do bereavementsin your family make you murmur and complain? Are you never happy? Does not joy ever come into your spirit? Do you always hangyour head like a bulrush? Have you no peace of mind, no sacred mirth? Do the bells of your heart never ring? Do the heart-stringsof your soul never sound out the music of grateful praise? Then gravely question whether you can be a child of God, for concerningthe children of God it is written, "God, even our Father, has given us everlasting consolation."

I am sure there are many here who, if they were to speak from experience, would say, "Well, we are very poor, but we are richin faith, and faith makes us rich toward God. We have not anything to spare, yet surely goodness and mercy have followed usall the days of our life. We are sick in body, yet our afflictions are so sanctified that we rejoice in deep distress. Weare ridiculed and slandered by the ungodly, but we rejoice that we are counted worthy to suffer anything for Christ's sake.Yes, God has given us everlasting consolation!" John Bunyan said that the man who wears the flower, "heart's ease," in hisbosom need not envy a king! And that is a flower which the Christian always wears in his buttonhole-or if he does not alwayswear it there, it is his own fault, for God has given it to him-He has given unto us everlasting, unchanging, unfading, inexhaustiblefountains of consolation!

Another thing which God has given us is "good hope through Grace"-a hope, a good hope-a "good hope through Grace." What isthe Christian's hope? It is a hope that he shall be preserved in this life by God's love and kindness. A hope that when hecomes to die-for die he must unless the Lord shall come first-he shall have all-sufficient Grace to be able to play the manin the last solemn article. He has the hope that, after death, his soul, out-soaring sun, Volume 56 3

moon and stars, shall enter into the realm of spirits and be with Christ! He believes that the day shall come when his verybody, though it has become food for worms, shall be quickened and called by the voice of the archangel from its bed of dustand its silent sleeping place. He believes that those bones of his shall live again and that his soul and body shall be reunitedand that, when the Lord Jesus shall stand at the Last Day upon the earth, in his flesh he shall see God! So he sings withToplady-

"These eyes shall see Him in that Day, The God that died for me! And all my rising bones shall say, Lord, who is like untoThee?"

This is the Christian's hope, that he shall then live, world without end, in the perfection of enjoyment! That he shall haveall spiritual joys in communion with Christ-and all joys that shall be suitable to his new and spiritual body as he shallwalk the golden streets and forever praise the love which brought him into an existence of perfect bliss! This is the Christian'shope and, consequently, the thought of death does not alarm him-rather, he looks forward to it with joy! As the toil-wornlaborer does not dread the eventide when he shall put off his dusty robes, but longs for the night that he may rest in hisbed, so the Christian, when he is in his right mind-

"Longs for evening, to undress,

That he may rest with God."

He is willing to put off the cumbrous clay of his body and commit it to the purifying earth, that he may, as a disembodiedspirit, depart to be "with Christ, which is far better," expecting that, afterwards, body and soul together shall be forevergratified with Christ!

This is the Christian's hope and it is a good hope. It is good for what it brings us, but it is especially good for that uponwhich it is grounded. The reason why the Christian expects this eternal happiness is because God has promised it to him andhas given him an earnest of it. He has Heaven in his heart even now. That is to say, he has within him the beginning of thatlife which shall, in due time, become the heavenly life. In olden times, when men bought an estate, it was customary for theseller to give to the purchaser a tuft of grass and a leaf from one of the trees on the land, signifying that the purchaserthen had what was called seizin of the property, and they were proofs that it belonged to him. And when God gives true faithin Christ and enables a soul to have peace with God through the precious blood, this is the earnest of Heaven, a foretasteof its bliss and sure evidence that Heaven is, indeed, ours. I trust that there are many of us who have this earnest and feelcomforted by it. We have a good hope because it is founded upon God's promise in His Word and upon the witness of the Spiritwithin our heart that we are born of God!

And it is said to be a good hope through Grace." Ah, Friends, there is no good hope except "through Grace." You cannot havea good hope through merit. If anybody expects to have a good hope through baptism, he is very much mistaken! Baptism is simplythe testimony of a good conscience toward God-it cannot give any hope of Heaven. If we were to build upon such a foundationas baptism, confirmation, the Lord's Supper, or anything of the kind, we should be sad losers, for there is nothing in allthese things put together to make a Christian's hope! Nor must we build our hopes on our prayers or our tears, or on anythingthat we can do, for if so, it will be a sandy foundation and when the time of trial comes, it will give way under us. Butto have a good hope through Divine Grace-such a hope as this-that I, a poor unworthy sinner, have been invited by God to putmy trust in His dear Son, and that He has promised that if I do, I shall be saved! I do trust in Jesus and, therefore, ifGod has promised truly, I shall be saved-this is indeed a foundation on which I may build without fear! Is not this, my Brothersand Sisters, the top and bottom of the Christian's hope, that "Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners," and thatwhoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have everlasting life? You do believe in Him and, therefore, you can say thatyou do possess eternal life! I do solemnly declare that if I have ever at any time begun to say in my own mind, "I shall besaved, for I have preached the Gospel, I have experienced such-and-such enjoyments, I have drawn near to God in secret prayer"-ifever I have talked to myself like that, I have soon been led to see that if I had not something infinitely better than allthat to trust to, I would be resting on a broken reed. But, oh, to come to Jesus just as one came, at the first, saying-

"Nothing in my hands I bring- Simply to Your Cross I cling. Naked, come to You for dress.

Helpless, look to You for Grace. Foul, I to the Fountain fly- Wash me, Savior, or I die!'

This is, indeed, to have a "good hope through Grace."

Now let us take these two statements, look at them again, and then lay them up among our choicest treasures. The one statementis that God has loved us. O Christian Friends, do try to drink in that great Truth of God! Do not be satisfied simply to hearthe words repeated, but get them right into your very spirits-"Our Lord Jesus Christ, Himself, and God, even our Father, hasloved us." O you angels, you have not even in Heaven a greater joy than this-to know that God has loved us! The other statementis that God "has given us everlasting consolation and good hope through Grace." So we cannot be without consolation. Whateveryour trouble may be, my dear Christian Friend, though you may have lost your dearest one, though your property may have meltedas the snowflake melts into the sea, yet God has given you eternal consolation-and whatever you may have to fear concerningthe future, you have a hope that is broader than your fears!-

"This is the hope, the blissful hope, The hope by Jesus given! The hope when days and years are past, We all shall meet inHeaven!'

As I turned this text over, I could not help pitying those who have no hope, no good hope through Divine Grace. When I openedmy letters this afternoon, on coming back from Liverpool, the first one I opened was to tell me of the death of one with whomI spent a very happy day about a fortnight ago. He seemed to me to be in perfect health when I spoke to him, then, but nowhe is gone to his eternal rest. The next letter I opened came from the deacon of a Church in Devonshire, to say that one ofour students, who was settled there as a minister, had been suddenly taken ill and had just died. I did not care to open anymore letters, just then, for fear that I would read of somebody else being gone. But I thought, "Well, both of these dearBrothers have served their generation by the will of God, and they have fallen asleep, and it is well." I could only lookforward with hope to the day when somebody would read just such a letter about me- and could only trust that they would bethere to say of me what I could say of these Brothers-"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord."

But what a sad thing it is to live in this world and to have no hope! It would have been better not to have lived at all thanto live without a "good hope through Grace." I do not really know how some of you manage to live. I know you have your troubles-troublesat home and troubles in business-and I cannot make out how you manage to put up with this poor existence without the hopeof a better one! Knowing what we do about a future state, if we had not a good hope concerning it, we really might wish thatwe had never been born. And we sometimes wonder how some of you can be so easy and so careless about the unknown state whenyou, perhaps, know that you will soon be in that state and also know that if it is not a better state than this one, it willbe a very sad thing for you to have had an existence at all! Oh, "seek you the Lord while He may be found! Call upon Him whileHe is near." A good hope can be had through Divine Grace and that Grace is free even to the chief of sinners! If we come toGod on the footing of Divine Grace, He will never cast us out. Oh, that we might all have this infinite treasure of a "goodhope through Grace"!

II. Now I can spend only a few minutes upon the second part of the subject in which we have TWO GOOD WISHES, TWO HOLY DESIRES.The first part of the text has told us what God has given us. The second part tells us what we ought to desire God to giveus-"Comfort your hearts, and establish you in every good word and work."

I pray God for those who are about to be baptized and also for you who have long made a profession of your faith, that youmay get the first blessing, namely, Divine comfort. May God comfort you! It is a bad case when a Christian is not happy, whenhe is not full of comfort. I know it is treated by some people as though it were a very insignificant matter whether a Christianis happy or not, but I am sure it is an exceedingly important matter that he should have comfort. A wretched, miserable Christianis, to a great extent, an injury to the Church, and a dishonor to the Cross of Christ, for worldly people will pick out suchan one and say, "That is what your religion does for a man!" Now, genuine godliness gives peace and joy. In its first beginning,when a man is under a sense of sin, it does make him wretched to feel his sin,

but when the soul is obedient to the command of Christ and trusts in Him, it gives him joy and peace. "The fruit of the Spiritis love, joy, peace"-and for a Christian not to have this fruit of the Spirit is to libel Christianity!

When one's heart is sad, it is not always best to show it. "When you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, that you appearnot unto men to fast." Even if you have some sorrow of heart, tell it not at once to your neighbor, who may have quite enoughtrouble of his own to bear without having yours added to it! Do, Christian, seek to get the comfort of which the Apostle herespeaks. Is there ever a position into which you and I can be cast where there is no comfort for us in the Divine promises?There is, in God's Word, a key to open all the locks of trouble in Doubting Castle! If we will but turn over the sacred pages,we shall find there a promise exactly suited to our case. Do you lack comfort, Christian? How can you while there is a MercySeat to go to and One there whose ears are always open to hear your petition and to relieve your trouble? Do you lack comfortwhile you can pray? Surely it must be neglect of prayer that makes your burdens so heavy. How can you be without comfort whileyour Savior lives? If Jesus Christ still bears your name upon His heart, that should be enough for you! Is it not really acomfort to think that the Father, Himself, loves you? My Father, who is in Heaven, knows my needs-ought not that to cheerme? Midst darkest shades, if I feel that He is with me-yes, even in the Valley of the Shadow of Death-if His rod and His staffcomfort me, what have I to fear? Yes, Christian Friends, you have abundant ground for comfort, so be not content unless youenjoy that comfort! May God, even your Father, put you and keep you in a comfortable frame of mind!

I would say especially to young Christians-Do not imagine that as soon as you become believers in Christ, you are to castaway those cheerful looks and those bright eyes of yours. God forbid! If you were happy, before, be far happier now! You neednot have levity-that is to be avoided-and the pleasure which consists in sin should be no pleasure to you, but now your joyshould be deeper as it is purer, more lively as it is more sound!

"And establish you in every good word and work" These are the two forms of establishment in good Doctrine and in good practice.When a Christian receives good words, the devil would like to drive them from him and to drive him from them. It is one ofthe masterpieces of Satan to try to spoil our faith. If he can lead us to believe falsely, he will the more easily lead usto actfalsely. So may God "establish you in every good word."You cannot help noticing, if you look upon the spiritual firmamentjust now, how like it is to what the natural firmament was the other night. It is said that there were thousands of shootingstars visible within an hour! And I might almost say that if you look out into the Christian world, you can see thousandsof shooting stars within a minute! I do not know what new error we shall have within the next 24 hours. There are some peoplewho are so fond of novelties that they have advanced pretty nearly every form of error that our poor imagination can conceiveof, yet they seem to be studious to make fresh ones! We have new "isms" and "ites" of all sorts, but old-fashioned Truthsof God, which we thought would never have been doubted, are, nowadays, contested! An age of great religious activity is prettysure to be also an age in which error is active and, therefore, it is the more necessary that we should pray for Believersthat they may be established in every good word!

I should like you who are members of this Church not only to believe the Truth, but to know why you believe itand to be sosure and certain of it that you cannot be shaken from it! I would have you be not like the dry leaves in autumn, which arecarried away by the first wind because they have lost their vitality, but like the green leaves in spring which will bearthe March winds and cannot be torn off because their sap is flowing in them and they are fresh and vigorous. I would thatyou were always able to give a reason for the hope that is in you with meekness and fear. The faith which we have has beenhanded down to us by martyrs' hands all along the ages-not through the corrupt Church of Rome-but down along the line of martyrsand confessors who have sealed their testimony with their blood! And that testimony is still with us this day! Search God'sWord and if we teach you anything that is inconsistent with it, then reject us as we would have you reject all false teachers!If we set before you anything which is of ourmaking, and not of God's making, cast it to the dogs and have none of it! Butif it is God's Truth, be established in it. Garner it in your soul. Hold it fast as for dear life and never let it go! Believethat the Truth of God as it is in Jesus, is worth the blood which martyrs have shed in its defense-and will be worth all thatit can possibly cost you in holding it! May you be established in every good word-not merely in some good words-but in everygood word! Believe all the Truths of God. Many Christians, alas, believe only one Truth or so. One man gets a hold of theDoctrine of Predestination and he is like a child with a doll-it is all the world to him! Another man gets a hold of the Doctrineof Human Responsibility and he looks at it, as Luther

says, "like a cow at a new gate." He stands staring at that and can see nothing beyond it! But I would have you see all theTruth and be always ready to receive anything that God has revealed! Be you steadfast "in every good word."

But the blessing invoked by the Apostle is that you may be established in every good work as well as in every good word. Alas,there are some Christians who like the Word of God very well, though they do not like the work-but unless our godliness extendsto our daily work, it is not godliness at all! May you, Brothers and Sisters in Christ, be established in every good work!May there be the good work of holiness in all the relationships of life! May you be the best of sons, the best of daughters,the best of parents, the best of husbands, the best of wives, the best of employers, the best of employees! Wherever yourlot may be cast, may you be established in every good work in all the relationships of life!

Then, in this Christian Church, may you work in prayer, may you work in teaching, may you work according to the ability whichGod has given you-and may you be established in it! If there is any good work which you have not yet attempted, but to whichyou are called of God, may you have Grace to enter upon it and, once engaged in it, may you never take your hands from theplow till you have finished the task that God has sent you! O Beloved, I can pray this prayer from my heart for everyone ofyou! May you who have served the Master for years, still be kept serving Him! Oh, may none of you turn your backs in the dayof battle! May you be faithful unto death and so obtain the great reward! May the Grace which has helped you forward up tonow, impel you forward till your hairs are gray and until you throw yourselves back upon the couch of death to sleep withGod! So may you be established in every good word and work! Every Christian ought to be a member of the established Church-Ido not mean the church which is established by the English law-but the Church which is established by God! Oh, to be establishedby Divine Grace-to be established by knowing what we believe, by practicing it-and by being established in that practice!These Apostolic good wishes I leave with you-may you inherit them!

But remember that we must first come to Christ, or these good wishes will be only wishes. We must first trust the Savior,or else these blessings can never be ours! May Divine Grace bring us to Jesus and keep us at His feet-and Divine Grace shallhave the praise forever and ever!


Verses 1, 2. Now we beseech you, brethren, concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and our gathering together untoHim, that you be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter from us, as that theday of Christ is at hand. In the Church of Christ, the teaching has always been that Christ is coming quickly and that teachingmust never be withdrawn, for He is coming quickly, as He said to John in the Revelation. At the same time, this teaching hasgiven an opportunity to certain presumptuous people to prophesy that at such-and-such a time, Christ will come. They knownothing about it and their prophecies are not worth the breath they spend in uttering them! And we have, today, what the Apostlewrote to the Thessalonians-

3. Let no man deceive you by any means: for that Day shallnot come, except there comes a falling away, first, and that manof sin be revealed, the son of perdition.I believe that to a large extent this has already happened and that the "man of sin"has been revealed. This "son of perdition" has had a long, dark and terrible reign over myriads of men, and he still sitson the seven hills of Rome, and rules over multitudes of his fellow sinners. Paul held that it was consistent to expect theLord to come quickly and yet to know that certain events must occur before He did come. That is just the condition, I think,to which a man's mind will come if he diligently and impartially reads the Scriptures-especially the prophetic parts of them.The Lord will come in such an hour as we think not, yet there are clear indications of certain things which are to happenbefore He does come.

4. Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sits in the templeof God, showing himself that he is God. It has been said that the Pope of Rome is infallible, that his interpretation of Scripture,whatever it may be, is as valid as the Scripture, itself, and that whatever he chooses to decree must be obeyed by the faithful.Such are some of the pretensions, even at this day, of the "man of sin."

5-7. Do you not remember that when I was yet with you, I told you these things? And now you know what is restraining, thathe might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity is already at work.There were certain rea-Volume 56 www.spurgeongems.org7

sons why that gigantic iniquity should begin to be developed, even while the Roman Empire was in power to keep it in check.And when that passed away, there was the opportunity for "the mystery of iniquity" to become the despot of the world!

7-10. Only He who now restrains will do so until He is taken out of the way. And then the lawless one will be revealed, whomthe Lord shall consume with the breath of His mouth and shall destroy with the brightness of His coming. The coming of thelawless one is according to the working ofSatan with allpower and signs andlying wonders, and with all unrighteous deceptionamong those who perish because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. This is the last sin ofall-that ungodly men do not receive "the love of the truth." If they were, themselves, true, they would love the Truth ofGod. If the Grace of God was in them, His own precious Truth would be prized by them above everything else! But when men finallyreject the Truth by which they might be saved, God visits them with terrible judgments!

11-17. And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: that they all might be

damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasured in unrighteousness. But we are bound to give thanks always to God foryou, brethren, beloved of the Lord, because God has, from the beginning, chosen you to salvation through sanc-

tification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: whereunto He called you by our Gospel, to the obtaining of the glory ofour Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore, brethren, stand fast and hold the traditions which you have been taught, whether by wordor our epistle. Now our Lord Jesus Christ, Himself, and God, even ourFather, which has loved us, andhasgiven us everlastingconsolation and good hope through Grace, comfort your hearts, and establish you in every good word and work So may it be,for Jesus' sake! Amen.