Sermon 3115. Sin and Grace
A SERMON PUBLISHED ON THURSDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1908.
DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,
AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON, ON LORD'S-DAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 1, 1874.
"Where sin abounded, Grace did much more abound." Romans 5:20.
[Other Sermons by Mr. Spurgeon upon this text are as follows: Sermons #37, Volume 1-LAW AND GRACE and #2012, Volume 34- GRACEABOUNDING OVER ABOUNDING SIN]
THERE are two very powerful forces in the world which have been here ever since the time when Eve partook of the forbiddenfruit in the Garden of Eden. Those two forces are sin and Divine Grace. A very great power is sin, a power dark, mysterious,baleful, but full of force. The sorrows of mankind-from where did they come but from sin? We would have known no war, norpestilence, nor famine, nor would anything of sickness or sorrow ever have smitten the human race had not sin sown its evilseed in this earth! Sin is the Pandora's box from which all evil has come to mankind. See what ravages death has made-itshillocks are everywhere! Its mighty scythe mows men down as the mower cuts down the grass of the field-but death came by sinand after death comes judgment and, to the ungodly, the doom that never can be described, the eternal wrath whose blacknessthe wildest tempest cannot imitate! Who dug this pit? It was the Justice of God on account of sin and sin must, therefore,be charged with the authorship of sorrow, disease, death and Hell. This is no mean power with which we have come into conflict-itis a veritable Goliath-stalking along and defying the whole race of mankind!
The power that is to fight and overcome sin is never described in the Word of God as the natural goodness of human nature.Pshaw! That is but as wax before the fire, or as the fat of rams upon the altar-it is consumed in a moment in the fierce heatof sin. The force to combat sin is never described in the truthful pages of God's Word as the power of human endeavor to keepthe Law. Indeed, this has been tried and it has utterly failed! The way to Heaven is not up the steep sides of Sinai-thatgranitic mountain is too rugged and too high for unaided human feet to climb. Not there can be found the weapons with whicha man may slay his sins and fight his way to everlasting bliss.
The only counter force against sin is Divine Grace, so my text tells us, and we may learn the same Truth of God from a hundredtexts besides. And what is Grace? Grace is the free favor of God, the undeserved bounty of the ever-gracious Creator againstwhom we have offended, the generous pardon, the Infinite, spontaneous loving kindness of the God who has been provoked andangered by our sin, but who, delighting in mercy and grieving to smite the creatures whom He has made, is always ready topass by transgression, iniquity and sin-and to save His people from all the evil consequences of their guilt. Here, my Brothersand Sisters in Christ, is a force that is fully equal to the requirements of the duel with sin, for this Grace, of which Iam going to speak, is Divine Grace, and hence it is Omnipotent, Immortal and Immutable. This favor of God never changes andwhen once it purposes to bless anyone, bless him it will and none can revoke the blessing! The gracious purpose of God's freefavor to an undeserving man is more than a match for that man's sin, for it brings to bear upon his sin, the blood of theIncarnate Son of God-and the majestic and mysterious fire of the eternal Spirit who burns up evil and utterly consumes it!With God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit united against sin, the everlasting purposes of Grace are bound tobe accomplished, sin must be overcome and my text proved to be true-"Where sin abounded, Grace did much more abound."
I. To illustrate the great principle of my text, I ask you to notice, first, that the context refers us to THE ENTRANCE OFTRUE LAW. "The Law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, Grace did much more abound."
Instead of giving any historical statement concerning the introduction of the Law in the days of Moses, I am going to speakabout the experimental matter of the introduction of the Law of God into our hearts. Those of you who have been convertedremember the time when the Law of the Lord first entered your heart. The Law engraved on the two tablets of stone, the Lawrecorded in the Bible does but very little for us-but when the Law really enters our heart, is does much for us. What doesit do?
The first thing the Law does to most men is to develop the sin that is in them. Paul writes, "I had not known sin, but bythe Law: for I had not known lust, except the Law had said, You shall not covet." But as soon as he found that there was aLaw against a certain sin, by some unhallowed instinct of his unrenewed nature, he wanted to do the very thing that he wasforbidden to do! It was like that with us-the first effect of the entrance of the Law of God into our hearts was to developthe sin that was already within us. "That is a dreadful thing," says one. Yes, it is, but look at the matter from anotheraspect. Here is a man who has within him a dire disease which will be fatal if it is allowed to remain, so the physician giveshim some medicine which throws the disease out. The man used to have a beautiful complexion, but after he has taken that medicine,his face is covered with blotches. Is that a bad thing? Yes, the blotches are bad, but the hidden disease was worse! Whilethat disease was concealed within his system and was killing him, he probably did not even know that is was there. He knewthat he was not well and, perhaps, thought that he was dying as the result of some other complaint. But now he sees what thedisease is, and everybody sees it, and now that which looked like an evil thing may turn out to be for real good to the man.
So does it often happen mentally, morally and spiritually. A man's wicked heart is full of enmity against God, yet he thinks-andperhaps he is right in thinking-that he is outwardly a strictly moral man. But, lo, the Law of God, with its requirementsof perfect purity and absolute obedience, enters his heart and he rebels against it-and now the sin is apparent, even to himself!It is now likely that this man will repent of sin. It is highly probable that this development of his latent sin will leadhim to form a different opinion of himself from any that he ever had before and, therefore, though the sin is evil and thedevelopment of it is evil, yet, where sin abounded, Grace shall much more abound and so good shall come out of the evil afterall!
When the Law enters a man's heart, it also brings his sin out in very strong relief. He never saw his sin to be so black ashe now sees it to be. A stick is crooked, but you do not notice how crooked it is until you place a straight rule by the sideof it. You have a handkerchief and it seems to be quite white-you could hardly wish it to be whiter-but you lay it down onthe newly-fallen snow and you wonder how you could ever have thought it to be white at all! So the pure and holy Law of God,when our eyes are opened to see its purity, shows up our sin in its true blackness and in that way it makes sin to abound!But this is for our good, for that sight of our sin awakens us to a sense of our true condition, leads us to repentance, drivesus by faith to the precious blood of Jesus and no longer permits us to rest in our self-righteousness! And so it can be saidof us that, though the entrance of the Law has made our sin to abound, "Where sin abounded, Grace did much more abound."
The entrance of the Law of God into the heart very generally causes great anguish. Well do I remember that experience andso do some of you. When the Law entered our hearts, it came not merely with a straight rule and with a perfect pattern ofwhiteness to show us our deformity and our blackness, but it also came with a heavy whip-and it laid that whip about our shouldersand every time it fell it stung us to the quick. A little while ago, I met with a Brother who said to me, "You cannot tooforcibly describe the anguish of a convicted conscience, for," he said, "I remember when I reckoned how long it would be beforeI must, in the ordinary course of nature, be in Hell. I said to myself, 'Suppose I live to be 80 years of age, yet how shorta time it will be before I must be enduring the Infinite Wrath of God!'" Yes, that is the effect that the Law of the Lordoften produces upon a man when it enters his heart. It brings a mirror before him and says to him "Look in there and see notonly what you have done, but also what is the just consequence of your evil deeds." A man no longer quibbles at God's Justicewhen the Law once gets inside his heart-it shuts his mouth except for groans and sighs-and he has plenty of them.
It may be thought, by some people, to be a very sad thing that the Law should come into a man's heart to break it and to causehim such sorrow and anguish as I am trying to describe. Ah, but it is not so-it is a very blessed thing! You cannot expectGod to clothe you until He has stripped you, nor to heal you until He has cut the proud flesh out of your wounds. When a womanis sowing with a fine white silken thread, she must have a sharp needle to go first, to make a way
for the thread to go through after it. And the anguish of spirit which the Law creates in the soul is the sharp needle whichmakes a way for the fine silken thread of the Gospel to enter our heart and so to bless us. Let us thank God if ever we haveexperienced the entrance of His Law into our hearts for, although it makes sin to abound, it makes Grace much more abound!
When the Law gets thoroughly into a man's heart, it drives him to despair of himself ' 'Oh," he says, "I cannot keep thatLaw!" Once he thought that he was as good as other people and a little better than most-and he did not know but that witha little polishing and a little help, he might be good enough to win the favor of God and go to Heaven! But when the Law enteredhis heart, it soon smashed his idol to atoms! The Dagon of self-righteousness speedily falls before the Ten Commandments ofGod and is so broken that it can never be mended. Men try to set the stump of it up on its pedestal again, but as long asthe Law of the Lord is in the same temple with self-righteousness, self-righteousness can never be exalted again! To somepeople it seems to be a dreadful thing to give a man such a bad opinion of himself, but, indeed, it is the greatest blessingthat could come to him, for when he despairs of himself, he will fly to Christ to save him! When the last crust is gone fromhis cupboard, he will cry to the great Giver of the Bread of Life, whereof if a man eats, he shall live forever! You muststarve the sinner's self-righteousness to make him willing to feed on Christ-and thus the very depths of his despair, whenhe thinks that he must be lost forever-will only lead him, by God's abundant love, to a fuller appreciation of the heightsof God's Grace!
Once more, when the Law of God enters a man's heart, it pronounces a curse upon him. That was a singular scene which was beheldover against Mount Ebal and over against Mount Gerizim, where one company read the curses, and another company read the blessingsout of the Book of the Law. Now the Law can do nothing for a sinner but say to him, "Cursed is everyone that continues notin all things which are written in the Book of the Law, to do them." But the Gospel comes in and it replies to the curse ofthe Law with such words as these, "Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is the manunto whom the Lord imputes not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile." Let the Law curse as it may, the Gospel'sblessing is richer and stronger, for the Gospel says, "Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God throughour Lord Jesus Christ." And, "there is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not afterthe flesh, but after the Spirit."
II. Now I change our line of thought and come closer home to Christians, by noticing that the great principle of our textis also illustrated in THE AFTER-EXPERIENCE OF THE BELIEVER.
Some young converts imagine that as soon as they believe in Christ and find peace with God, they will be perfect and haveno more sin within them. Such an erroneous idea will only prepare them for a great disappointment, for conversion is not theend of the battle with sin-it is only the beginning of that battle. From the moment that a man believes in Jesus, and is therebysaved, he begins his life-long struggle against his inbred sins. I hear that there are some Brothers and Sisters who havebecome perfect-and I am pleased to hear it if it is true. But I am glad they are not members of my family! I do not thinkI could live with them very peaceably, as I have generally found that the so-called "perfect" people are usually not at allpleasant people to be associated with those of us who do not profess to be perfect. We wish we were perfect and we wish thatother people were perfect, but up to now our investigations have led us to believe that the perfection which is claimed bycertain persons is, in every case, a mistake-and in many cases is a delusion and a sham!
Our opinion is that men, after they are converted, and begin to examine themselves in the light of God's Word, if they areat all like we are, find sin everywhere within them-sin in the affections, so that the hearts lusts after evil things-sinin the judgment, so that it often makes most serious mistakes and honestly puts bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter-sinin the desires, so that though we try to curb them, they wander here and there, where we would not-sin in the will, so thatLord Will-be-Will proves that he is still very proud and wants to have his own way-and is not willing to bow submissivelyto the will of God-sin in the memory, so that the most godly people can often recollect a snatch of a bad old song which theyused to hear or to sing, far more readily than they can remember a text of Scripture which they wish to treasure up in theirmemories, for memory has become unhinged, like all the rest of our faculties, and is quick to retain evil and slow to retainthat which is good! Brothers and Sisters in Christ, in what part of our body does sin not dwell? Is there any single faculty,or power, or propensity that we have which will not lead us astray if we will let it do so? Are we not obliged to be alwaysupon our guard against ourselves and to watch ourselves as a garrison of soldiers would have to watch the natives of a countrywhom they had subdued, but who were anxious to throw off the yoke of the foreigners who had overcome them? In a similar fashion,Grace is a foreigner in possession of our nature and it holds by its own superior force what it has won-and only by its supernaturalstrength are we kept from falling back our former position!
Thus you see how sin abounds, even in the heart of a Believer. But, blessed be God, Grace does much more abound there, foralthough the will is still strong, there is a higher power that subdues and controls it so that our will is being graduallyconformed to the will of God. Our affections, though they are apt to grovel here below, do soar towards Christ, for He hasreally won our hearts. Our desires do go astray, yet their main tendency is towards holiness. Blessed be the name of the Lord,unless we are awfully deceived, we desire to do that which is well-pleasing in His sight! Our memory, too, though I have alreadyconfessed its faultiness, does often enable us to remember Jesus Christ and it will never forget Him, whoever else it mayforget. Yes, and our whole nature, though I have truly spoken of its faults, is a new nature which God has worked within us-anature that is akin to the Divine and in this nature Grace triumphs over sin so that where sin abounds, Grace does much moreabound.
The same Truth of God may be learned in another way. Sin abounds in the Believer, not merely in the shape of the originalsin in which he was born and in the tendency to sin which is always present with him, but sin mars the best thing he everdoes. Did you ever examine one of your own prayers? Did you ever look at it critically after it was finished? Shall I tellyou what it was like? It was like something that man had manufactured and which, when observed by the naked eyed, looked verybeautiful. Put a microscope over it and look at it. Take a needle if you like, for that seems to be one of the most polishedpieces of metal conceivable-and as soon as you place it under the microscope, you say, "Why, I have got a rough bar of ironhere! Surely it cannot be a needle." Yes it is, but you are now looking at it with a power far beyond your ordinary sight.And, in like manner, when the Grace of God opens a man's eyes to see his best actions as they appear in God's sight, he seesthat those actions are marred by sin. There is not anything that he has done which appears to him to be what it ought to bewhen he looks at it aright in the light of God's Word. The most consecrated action of his life, the most devout communionwith Christ, the most intense ardor after God falls far short of what it ought to be and has something in it which ought notto be there! When the Grace of God is strong within us, it makes sin appear to abound even to our own vision-we see it inevery hymn we sing, in every prayer we pray, in every sermon we preach!
Not only do we see sin in our best things, but we also discover sin in our omissions. We were never troubled about that matterbefore, but now we recollect that what we do not do is often sinful-not merely the wrong that we commit, but the good thatwe omit-the good that we neglect or forget to do. There is much sin there. Then we begin to examine our thoughts and our trivialutterances. And we see them all crusted over with sin. Tested under the light of God's Word, everything seems to be honeycombedthrough and through with sin, so that sin, indeed, abounds. Well, what then? Why, then, this blessed text comes sweetly hometo our hearts. "The blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin." And now, how gloriously Grace abounds! Now weprove the power of that precious blood which can wash us whiter than snow, so that God Himself shall say to each one of us,"There is no spot in you." Beloved Brothers and Sisters in Christ, I do firmly believe that a deep and clear sense of sinis necessary to a right estimation of the power of pardoning love. I am sure that it is a great blessing to us when we havea deep sense of our sinnership. God forbid that we should ever pray as the Pharisee did, "God, I thank You that I am not asother men are." Far better would it be for us to imitate the publican, and cry, "God be merciful to me a sinner." None butthose who are lost, prize the Savior who came to seek and to save that which was lost! None but those who feel that they arefoul and vile rightly value His cleansing blood. O Beloved, when your sin abounds, then is the time to remember that Gracemuch more abounds! Sinner as you are, you are forgiven, you are "accepted in the Beloved," you are saved, you are a childof God, you shall be in Heaven before long, to praise forever the Grace that shall be crowned with Glory!
Once more on this point. I believe that many of you have had an experience similar to mine and that there have been timeswhen you have been living especially near to God and walking in the light of His Countenance, when, all of a sudden, the sinthat dwells in you has seemed to attack you just when you least expected it. I know that my fiercest temptations often cometo me immediately after my highest enjoyment of communion with God. They seem to come like a sharp draught of cold air themoment you step out of a warm room, and you hardly know what to do-you are scarcely prepared for it. It will sometimes happenthat a tempter which you thought you had quite overcome, will rush upon you like a lion out of a thicket, or a passion whichyou thought had been most eventually conquered, will come sweeping
down upon you like a hurricane from the hills and your poor little skiff upon the lake seems well-near overwhelmed with itsfurious onslaught! Then, as you look at yourselves, and are surprised to find so much sin in yourselves, you know that sinabounds-what do you do then? Well, I believe that, at such times, Christians try to nestle closer than ever under the wingsof God and they feel humbler-and they go to the precious blood of Jesus with a more intense desire to prove again its cleansingpower! And they cry to the Strong for strength and they feel more than they ever did before, their need of the Holy Spirit'ssanctifying power. Ralph Erskine said that he was more afraid of a sleeping devil than of a roaring devil-and there was goodreason for his fear-for when the devil was roaring, the saints would be more on the watch than when he was quiet. The worsttemptation in the world is not to be tempted at all. But when there is a strong temptation and your soul is fully aware ofit, you are on your guard against it. The wave of temptation may even wash you higher up upon the Rock of Ages, so that youcling to it with a firmer grip than you have ever done before and so again where sin abounds, Grace will much more abound!
III. Now I must close with a few general observations upon another matter. The great Truth revealed in our text is not onlyillustrated by the entrance of the Law into the hearts of Believers and in the after-life of Christians, but also IN ALL THEBLESSINGS OF SALVATION.
It is very wonderful, but it is certainly true, that there are many persons in Heaven in whom sin once abounded. In the judgmentof their fellow men, some of them were worse sinners than others. There was Saul of Tarsus, there was the dying thief, therewas the woman in the city who was a sinner-a sinner in a very open and terrible sense. These and many more of whom we readin the Scriptures were all great sinners-and it was a great wonder of Grace, in every instance, that they should be forgiven!But did they make poor Christians when they were converted? Quite the reverse! They loved much because they had been forgivenmuch. Among the best servants of God are many of those who were once the best servants of the devil. Sin abounded in them,but Grace much more abounded when it took possession of their hearts and lives. They were long held captive by the devil athis will, but they were never such servants to Satan as they afterwards became to the living and true God! They threw allthe fervor of their intense natures into the service of their Savior and so rose superior to some of their fellow discipleswho did not so fully realize how much they owed to their Lord. I trust that any here present who have gone far in sin maybe saved by the immeasurable Grace of God before they leave this building and that, throughout the whole of their future lives,they may love Jesus Christ better and serve Him more than others who have not sinned as deeply as they have!
The same Truth of God comes out if we think of what sin has done for us. O Brothers and Sisters, sin has infected the natureof man with a foul leprosy, a deadly disease, but Jesus has cured the disease, and given us a life of a holier kind than weever knew before! Sin has robbed us, but Christ has restored to us more than sin ever took away from us! Sin has strippedus, but Christ has clothed us in a better robe than our natural righteousness could ever have been. Well do we sing of Jesus-
"In Him the tribes of Adam boast More blessings than their father lost."
Sin has brought us very low, but Christ has lifted us higher than we stood before sin cast us down! Sin took away from manhis love to God, but Christ has given us a more intense love to God than Adam ever had, for we love God because He has firstloved us and given His Son to die for us and we have, in His greater Grace, a good reason for yielding to Him a greater love!Sin took away obedience from man, but now the saints obey to a yet higher degree than they could have done before, for I supposeit would not have been possible for unfallen man to suffer, but now we are capable of suffering for Christ and many martyrshave gone signing to death for the Truth of God because, while sin made them capable of suffering, Christ's Grace has madethem capable of obedience to Him in the suffering-and so of doing more to prove their allegiance to God than would have beenpossible if they had never fallen! Sin, dear Brothers and Sisters in Christ, has shut us out of Eden, yet let us not weep,for Christ has prepared a better Paradise for us in Heaven! Sin has deprived us of the river that rippled over sands of goldand of the green glades of that blessed Garden into which suffering could never have come unless sin had first entered, butGod has provided for us "a pure river of Water of Life," and a lovelier garden than Eden ever was! And there we shall foreverdwell through the abounding Grace of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ which has abounded even over our abounding sin!
Sin has separated us from God, but Grace has brought us nearer to God than we ever were before sin divided us from Him. UntilChrist became Man, there was no man on the earth and there would have been no man who was more to God than man could be tohis Maker. But now there lives a Man who is more to God than any created being ever could be, for that Man is also God andHe sits at the right hand of His Father and shares with Him the control of the universe! That Man has brought the human racenearer to the Deity than the mere act of creation could possibly have done. Glory be to God for Jesus Christ, the Man fromHeaven, the Son of Mary and the Son of the Highest! Sin worked us untold mischief, but Grace has made even that mischief tobe a gain to us, for now we are bought with blood as, otherwise, we never could have been. Now we know both sin and righteousnessas we could not otherwise have done and now the whispering of the old serpent, which was a lie, has proved to have a Truthof God concealed in it, for we are indeed as gods, since we have become partakers of the Divine Nature by virtue of our unionwith the Christ of God! O wondrous Fall, which would have broken us hopelessly had it not been for still more marvelous Grace!O wondrous restoration which has lifted us up and made us more perfect than we were before we were broken-and elevated usto a Glory of which we could never have dreamed had we lived with Adam and Eve in Paradise and remained in innocence forever!
One practical remark I want to make before I close. It is this-if you have received this Grace which has abounded over yoursin, take care that you do more for Grace than you ever did for sin. It is amazing how much people will do for sin-what theywill give, what they will spend, and what they will endure to gratify their passions and serve their cruel taskmaster, Satan!I should not like to guess what some men waste on their lusts. I should not like to make a calculation as to what some peoplespend in a year on what they call their pleasures. Well, whatever the amount is, shall they give more, shall they do morefor their god than we give and do for ours? Shall they be more intense in their adoration of Satan than we are in our obedienceto God? That must never be, nor must we ever permit them to outdo us in the praises of their treasure! They make night hideouswith their praises of their god, Bacchus-but we do not often annoy them with the songs of Zion! It would be as well, perhaps,if we did, but we are often cowards in not rendering due praises to our God. They are not ashamed to make the sky ring withtheir lascivious notes-then let us pluck up courage and solidly assert the glories of our God and the wonders of our Lordand Savior, Jesus Christ! Especially, let us never be ashamed to say, "He loved me and gave Himself for me-blessed be Hisholy name forever and ever. Amen."
EXPOSITION BY C. H. SPURGEON: ROMANS5.
Verse 1. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ [See Sermon #1456,
Volume 25-PEACE-A FACT AND A FEELING-Read/download the entire sermon, free of charge, at http://www.spurgeongems.orgQ Thisverse deserves to be
printed in letters of gold. If you can truthfully say this. If it is indeed true of you, you are the happiest people underHeaven. Let us read the verse again-"Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ."
2. By whom also we have access by faith into this Grace wherein we stand and rejoice in hope of the Glory of God. We are notonly at peace with God, but we are permitted to draw near to Him, have access to Him, have access to His favor, to His Grace.We may come to God when we will, for He is reconciled to us, and we are reconciled to Him, so we may now think of Him withjoy and gladness.
3. And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also. Somebody seemed to say to the Apostle, "You talk about peace with God,and access to God; but you are troubled in mind, you are sickly in body, you are poor in estate, just as other people are."So Paul replies, "Yes, we know that it is so, 'but we glory in tribulations also.'"
3. Knowing that tribulation works patience. It is sent for our good. We accept our trials as a part of our estate and in somerespects, the very richest part of our estate! We get more good out of our adversity than out of our prosperity. Our troubleshave made men of us, whereas our joys might have unmanned us. Trials have braced us up and we glory in them, "knowing thattribulation works patience."
4. And patience, experience; and experience, hope. The longer we wait, the brighter do our eyes get. Our very trials, whenthey have passed over us, leave us stronger and happier than we were before. Our experience works in us hope.
5. And hope makes us not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Spirit which is
given unto us. [See Sermon #829, Volume 14-THE PERFUMING OF THE HEART] What a blessed thing t is that when troubles are shedabroad outside us, the love of God is shed abroad inside us-when we are tried without, we are comforted within-and so we aremade strong and we have no cause to fear!
6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. [See Sermons #1191, Volume 20-for whom
DID CHRIST DIE?; #13345, Volume 23-FOR WHOM IS THE GOSPEL MEANT? and #2341, Volume 39-THE UNDYING GOSPEL FOR THE DYING YEAR]And as He died for us when we were ungodly, what will He not
do for us now that He has sought us as His own? He gave the highest proof of His love to us when we were most unworthy ofit, so will He leave us now? God forbid!
7. For scarcely. Now the Apostle goes away from his theme, carried away by the still greater subject of the love of God inChrist Jesus and the way of reconciliation by Christ-he goes on to that theme-"For scarcely."
7. For a righteous man will one die. However "just" Aristides might be, nobody would die for him! However "righteous" a manmight be, he would not, by his justice or righteousness, win enough affection to induce anybody to die for him.
7. Yet perhaps for a good man some would even dare to die. There might possibly be some who would die for a John Howard, ora man of that ilk.
8. But God commends [See Sermon #104, Volume 2-LOVE'S COMMENDATION] His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners,Christ died for us. When we were not even just, much less good, "Christ died for us."
9. Much more then, being now justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him. As He died for us, He willcertainly save us. He who died for the ungodly will never cast away those whom He has justified. The death of Christ for Hisown people is the guarantee that He will love them even to the end!
10. For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of His Son, much more, being reconciled, we shallbe saved by His life.Did He love us when we were His enemies? Then most assuredly He will love us now that we are His friends.Did His death save us? Then, will not His life also save us? As He took such pains to reconcile us to His
Father, will He not take equal pains-no, "much more [See Sermon #2587, Volume 44-"MUCH MORE"] to preserve us safe to the end?
11. And not only so. Paul seems to go up a ladder and when he gets to the top of it, he sets up another on the top of thatone and proceeds to mount that! This is the second time that we have read, "And not only so."
11. But we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the Atonement. Christ has made Atonementsfor us, and God has accepted that Atonement on our behalf. We also have received it ourselves and now we are glad in God-gladthat there is a God, glad that there is such a God, and glad that He is our God and
Father in Christ Jesus! [See Sermons #1045, Volume 18-JOY IN A RECONCILED GOD and #2550, Volume 44-JOY IN GOD]
12. Therefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that allhave sinned. It was by one man's sin that we all fell through the first Adam. Does anyone object to the justice of that? Ipray you, do not object to what is your only hope! If you and I had each one sinned for himself or herself apart from Adam,our case would probably have been hopeless, like the case of the fallen angels who sinned individually and fell, never tobe set up again! But inasmuch as we fell representatively in Adam, it prepared the way for us to rise representatively inthe Second Adam, Christ Jesus our Lord and Savior! As I fell by another, I can rise by another! As my ruin was caused by thefirst man, Adam, my restoration can be brought about by the Second Man, the Lord from Heaven! 13, 14. (For until the Law,sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no Law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even overthem that hadnot sinnedafter the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of Him that was to come. Infants die,although they have never sinned. They die because death is the penalty of sin-and as they die for faults not their own, soare they saved by righteousness not their own. They die, for Adam sinned. They live, for Jesus died.
15-17. But not as the offense, so also is the free gift. For if through the offense of one many are dead, much more the Graceof God, and the gift by Grace which is by one Man, Jesus Christ, have abounded unto many. And not as it was by one that sinned,so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offenses unto justification. Forif by one man's offense death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of Grace and of
the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by One,[See Sermons #2544, Volume 43-THE ONE AND THE MANY and #2744, Volume47-LOST
THROUGH ONE-SAVED THROUGH ONE] Jesus Christ). Adam's fall
was terribly effectual-it has brought death upon the human race, age after age. And Christ's death is wonderfully effectual,for on behalf of all those for whom He died, His Atonement so prevails as to put their sins away forever!
19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of One shall many be made righteous. Thatis the wonderful doctrine of "the Gospel of Christ." It is rejected in these evil days. They call it simple and I know notwhat besides, but here it is put as plainly as words can put it, "As by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, soby the obedience of One shall many be made righteous."
20. Moreover the Law entered, that the offense might abound. The Law was not given to Moses to stop sin, or to forgive sin,but to make men see how evil sin is and to make it evident to them how evil they are!
20. But where sin abounded, Grace did much more abound. There was more Grace than terror even in the Law! It has served agracious purpose, for it was given to make us realize our guilt and so might drive us to seek the Grace of God for its forgiveness.Salvation is all of Grace! Sin cannot conquer Grace-it has had a hard struggle for it, but Grace will ultimately win the victoryin all who believe in Jesus.
21. That as sin has reigned unto death, even so might Grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christour Lord. The drift of the whole chapter is to comfort Believers in the time of trouble by the fact of the great love of Godto them in the Person of Jesus Christ their Lord and Savior.