Sermon 3006. 'The Lord Is My Shepherd'

(No. 3006)

A SERMON PUBLISHED ON THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1906.

DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE BAPTIST CHAPEL, BROMLEY, KENT, ON TUESDAY AFTERNOON, OCTOBER 16, 1866.

"The LORD is my shepherd."

Psalm 23:1.

I CANNOT say anything that is new upon this text. I have not even the desire to do so, but if I can remind you of old andprecious Truths of God and also put you in remembrance of sweet experiences which are past, this will not be an unprofitabletopic for our meditation.

I like to recall the fact that this Psalm was probably written by David when he was a king. He had been a shepherd and hewas not ashamed of his former occupation. When he had to wear a crown, he remembered the time when he had handled the shepherd'scrook and, as a lad, with his sling and stone, had kept watch over his father's sheep in the wilderness. Some persons aretoo proud to remember their early employments, though such pride is both their folly and their shame. Many persons would notlike, in their public devotions, to make use of expressions which would have any reference to their secular calling, but itseems to be perfectly natural, in David's case, to hear him say, "The Lord is my Shepherd," for he had, himself, been a shepherdand knew just what the word implied.

By the gracious help of the Holy Spirit, let us see what we can get out of the metaphor used in our text. We must, of course,remind ourselves that we are not in the country where these words were written. We must, in thought, go to the East in orderto get the full meaning of them. It is a great mercy that the Bible was not written according to the fashion of the West,for everything has changed in our part of the world. If this Book had been written, for instance, in the style of the earliestliterature known in England, probably we would not have fully understood it, and other nations would have been altogetherpuzzled by it. But, in the East there has been little or no change for centuries. Oriental manners and customs are almostthe same today as they were in the days of David, so that if we could go to Palestine at the present moment, we might findjust such a shepherd as David was and, in examining his habits and actions, we would learn the meaning of the metaphor thatDavid used when he said, "The Lord is my Shepherd."

We shall notice three things about the text. First, this sentence, if it is true to us, guarantees us certain privileges.Secondly, it involves us in duties. And thirdly, it suggests to us enquiries.

First, if this sentence is, indeed, true of each one of us, "The Lord is my Shepherd," then THIS GUARANTEES US CERTAIN PRIVILEGES.

And first, the Eastern shepherd was the guide of his flock. The sheep never thought of going before him-it would have beenan anomaly in nature for the sheep to go first and for the shepherd to follow. They had no need whatever to know the way acrossthe trackless dessert-it was enough for them that the shepherd knew it. They need not know where the green pastures stillremained throughout the droughts of summer, or where there were quiet resting places where they might lie down at noon. Itwas sufficient for the sheep that the shepherd knew-all that they had to do was patiently to follow where he led the way.David had, no doubt, often gone on in front of his flock, thinking with an anxious heart of the place where he would leadthem. And as he looked back at them, he could see that they were patiently following him, with no distraction to trouble theirpoor brains and no vexations to worry their quiet minds. Happy that they were provided for, they grazed as they went alongthe way, not knowing and not needing to know where they were going, but quite content because their shepherd led the way.

Transfer this thought, Christian Brother or Sister, to yourself, and see how the Lord is your Guide. Look at the past andnote how He has guided you. How very little you and I have had to do with it, after all! We have struggled. We have

fretted. We have repined and we have fumed against the working of Providence, but, after all, I do not know that we have hadmuch more to do with it than the sheep in the stream has had to do with the way in which it has floated to the other side!There is far more of the hand of God in our life than there is of our own hand-if our life is what it ought to be. Think ofour childhood, of the home where our lot was cast, of our youth, of the place where we were bound as apprentices, or wherewe first learned the rudiments of our various callings. And since then, what strange paths some of us have trod! If we hadbeen told, years ago, that we should be found here today, in the circumstances in which we are now found, we could not havebelieved it. There have been times, in our past history, when it has seemed as if a single straw might decide our destiny.We were at the crossroads and the left road might have led us into endless sins and sorrows, but we were guided in the oppositedirection, and so we were made to walk beside the still waters and to lie down in green pastures. There have been many timeswhen only a word was needed-no, when a weight no heavier than a feather from the wing of a butterfly was all that was neededto turn the scale against us and to send us into quite a different orbit from that in which we now move! We can truly saythat we have been Divinely led until now and, although the journey has been like that of the children of Israel in the wilderness-inand out, backwards and forwards, progressing and then retrograding and often standing still-yet the Lord has led us by a rightway up to this present moment and we can truthfully say-

"Stillhave we found that promise good Which Jesus ratified with blood! Still is He faithful, wise, and just, And still inHim let Israel trust."

It is easy to say that the Lord has been our Shepherd in the past. It may not be so easy to say that He is our Shepherd inthe present and will be our Shepherd in the future. Yet we have nothing to do with the future except to follow in the pathof humble trust in the Lord and of obedience to His Word. It is not for me to sit down and make a plan of all I mean to donext week, or next month and so on through all my life. I have no right to forestall my troubles, or to begin to calculatemy future needs. I am bound to live in simple dependence upon God, who sends just enough manna for each day, but no more.If I am in any dilemma, if I am in any difficulty, if I do not know which way I should take, had I not better go and tellmy Heavenly Father and ask Him to direct me? I must remember that I am not my own shepherd and that I am not to guide myselfany more than the sheep is to guide itself-but that I am to look to my great Shepherd, to watch for indications of His willand to receive those indications either from His Word, or from His Providential dealings with me, or from the operations ofHis gracious Spirit within my heart. And then I am to follow where God leads me, having nothing to do with the making of theroad, but only following the Lord, my Shepherd, wherever He leads me.

Dear Brothers and Sisters in Christ, I wish we remembered this Truth more than we do. I mean, in all things. For instance,in the matter of doctrinal opinions, some people have a certain minister as their shepherd. You know that there

are certain people who will not go an inch beyond the point to which Mr. A_leads them. Then Mr. B_is the

Prophet of somebody else. Mr. C_is the very pope of another and Mr. D_is the perfection of doctrine to a

fourth! And beyond these earthly leaders none of them will go. Let us, however, all follow the Lord as our Shepherd! I amto make my appeal to this blessed Book and to ask His gracious Spirit to teach me what is here revealed-and when His Spirithas taught it to me, I am to let that be sufficient and to believe it. Even if I am the only person who so believes it, thatshall make no difference to me. If God has guided me, I must follow!

So is it with regard to all the various stages of our life. The young Christian ought to seek God's guidance in the importantmatter of marriage. And the young tradesman should seek Divine guidance as to where he shall set up his business, or commencehis daily labor. In emigrating to another land, in moving from one house to another, in every step of life, we act wiselywhen we say, "O Lord, let everything be as You will. We bring here the ephod that we may enquire what is Your will even asthey did of old." There ought to be a distinct recognition on our part that we desire that God should guide us-and we shouldconstantly come to Him to consult with Him, for, if we do not, we shall be constantly making mistakes and getting into confusion.And, then, who but ourselves shall bear the blame in that we went before the fiery-cloudy pillar, chose our own path and sofell into the ditch? One of the Puritans said, "He who carves for himself will cut his fingers and get an empty plate." Andit is so, in the order of God's Providence. And another said, "He who runs before the cloud goes on a fool's errand and willhave to come back again." And so it shall be. The sheep before the Shepherd is out of place and out of order-but the sheepbehindthe Shepherd-quietly, patiently and humbly

following him, is both according to the order of Nature and the order of Grace. Let us, then, as the Lord's sheep, learn totake that position and not attempt to usurp the prerogative of our great Shepherd!

Another great privilege which naturally comes to us through this relationship is that we have provisions for our needs. AnEastern shepherd, of course, provides for his flock as far as he can. This may not be a very difficult matter in England,but it is exceedingly difficult in countries where fodder is not so readily obtainable as it is here. In the summer droughts,the shepherd will have to go on foraging afar. And when those droughts have continued a long while, there will be only a fewplaces, by the banks of the deep rivers, where grass can still be found. Then the prudent shepherd, as soon as he finds thatthe winter is coming on, will seek to shelter his flock in those secluded pastures which still remain green. And then, asspring returns, he conducts them to the spot where the young grass is waiting for them. He has to be always thoughtful andthey have to be never thoughtful, at least with regard to their daily provender. He thinks of autumn while it is still springtimeand he has his eyes upon the winter even in the midst of the summer. As for the sheep, it is enough for them if they lie downin the grass that is nearest to them, or walk gently by the still waters just where they are.

Now certainly, beloved Brothers and Sisters in Christ, as the Eastern shepherd thus provides for his sheep, so will God providefor us! We have a double set of needs, yet we shall find that God is as all-sufficient for us as He would be if we had a sevenfoldset of needs! I say that we have a double set of needs. There are, first, our bodily needs, and these are many and they areconstantly recurring. I am not quite certain that to have a sure provision for this life is the most excellent thing for ourspirituality. It is, of course, the most comfortable thing and, in many respects, the most desirable and gives the most opportunitiesfor usefulness. But I am not sure whether fullness of bread is not always a very great temptation. Certainly, if I have needto find deep, robust, vigorous piety, I must confess-though I have no preference for one class over another-that I have usuallyfound it among those who have had to live from hand to mouth and to struggle hard for their daily bread-for this experiencebrings men and women into real and palpable contact with the God of Providence and, as I appeal to these children of povertyand ask them whether God supplies their needs, they take out their little diaries or, if they do not carry them in their pockets,they carry them in their hearts-and they begin to tell of instance after instance in which the God of Abraham has revealedHimself to them as Jehovah-Jireh and, as they look forward to the future, they confidently cry, "The Lord will provide!" Sometimes,such a promise as this, "Bread shall be given him, his waters shall be sure," is very sweet to me, but when I have heard itfrom the lips of some poor bedridden old woman who has long been depending upon the charity of others-and she has told meof remarkable interpositions of the Lord's hand in her times of need-then the promise has seemed to glisten and glitter withunusual and extraordinary radiance! Are not some of you, dear Friends, sometimes in such a plight that you have to say, inthe morning, "Where shall I get bread for this evening's meal?" This must be a choice text for you, "The Lord is my Shepherd."Remember that ancient promise, "Trust in the Lord, and do good; so shall you dwell in the land, and verily you shall be fed."

Our greater need, however, is our spiritualneed-and there are often moans among God's people because they are not spirituallyfed as they ought to be. It is the crying sin of some ministries that they are not eedigministries. If I am to believe whatI am told by many of God's people, they do not find the service of the sanctuary to be satisfactory to their souls. Brothers,if we profess to preach the Gospel and this is the case with us, it is a grievous fault on our part and we must mend our mannersin this respect! But far oftener, I think, the Lord's people are not fed because of their own folly. They look up to the pulpit,but they do not see much there-if they looked up to the hills, from where comes their help, they would never be disappointed!When we look to the pastor, but not to the Master, the Master says, "They are looking to the wrong person, so they shall getnothing." But when we look to the Master, He often supplies our needs throughthe pastor! Let us esteem the Divinely-chosenchannel as far as we should, but let us never forget that it is the Fountain that yields the supply! Though you may be temptedto say, when such-and-such a man is taken Home, "I shall never be able to enjoy any other ministry as I have enjoyed thatman's," you must check yourself and say, "It is the same living Truth of God that survives, it is the same God who still lives,whoever else may die." "The grass withers, and the flower thereof falls away: but the Word of the Lord endures forever. Andthis is the Word which by the Gospel is preached unto you" and, therefore, you shall still be fed, for the Lord is your Shepherd!

He, who can truly say, "The Lord is my Shepherd," may make sure of a third blessing, namely, that of constant keeping andsafe protection. How many are our enemies! Brethren and Sisters, we are exposed to attack on all sides. "Let him that thinkshe stands take heed lest he fall." A cold shiver has often gone through me when I have witnessed or heard of the fall of somewhom I have honored and respected-and of whom I would have said that it was more likely that the stars would fall from theirorbits than that these people should fall from their integrity! But, alas, the best of men are but men at the best and somebrightly shining objects in the Church's sky have proved to be only meteors-"wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blacknessof darkness forever." It is pitiable and it is also humbling-and it should lead to great heart-searching and make each oneof us ask, "Shall I forsake Him too?" And why should you not do so? What is there in you, dear Friend, more than there isin any other professor? Why should you not prove to be an apostate after all? What is there about me that I should stand whereso many others have fallen? There is nothing to hold me up if I am left to myself-but if, confessing my liability to fall,confessing my liability to be seized by the lion, the bear and the wolf, I can still say, "The Lord is my Shepherd," I amsafe! The sheep is not safe because it says, "I am stronger than the lion," or, "I am able to escape from the bear," or, "Ishall always be able to avoid the wolf." Silly sheep, what can you do to protect yourself from your foes? Yet the sheep mightfeel safe enough if it knew that David was near, to snatch it out of the jaws of the lion, or to rescue it from the paws ofthe bear and, Beloved, we know that our Shepherd will never let any of His sheep perish! He has owned us too long and boughtus too dearly-and loved us too well to ever let us go. You remember that He said to His disciples, even concerning the childrenwho believed in Him, "It is not the will of your Father which is in Heaven that one of these little ones should perish." Healso said, "My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; and I give unto them eternal life; and they shallnever perish, neither shall any (man or devil) pluck them out of My hand."

So, if you are the Lord's sheep, you shall be protected, provided for and guided till you reach the upper fold on the

hilltop of Glory!

You all know that the meaning of the text has not been even half brought out by these three thoughts, for, to shepherdize,to pastorize, to exercise the pastoral office is a very great and important work. The work of a true shepherd is not restrictedto guiding, supplying and protecting the sheep-there are a thousand other things that he has to do. I think I have heard thatthere is no animal (except a man) that has so many forms of sickness as a sheep has. It may be afflicted in any part of itsbody, from its feet up to its head. There is not a single portion of a sheep but seems to be subject either to internal orto external ailments-it almost always seems to need doctoring. A shepherd requires to be to his flock all that a father isto his family, only that he has 50 families instead of one! At certain seasons, he must be up all night looking after thelambs and yet be all day watching over the sheep. Then, in addition to their sicknesses, sheep have a great number of follies.If there is a hole in the hedge, they are sure to find it out and press through it. If there is the richest clover in thefield and nothing but dry sand outside, they will get through the hedge! And if but one leads the way, all the rest will followit in its folly! If one should leap over the railing of a bridge into a river, they would all follow, even though they shouldall be drowned. They are prone to wander and ready for all sorts of mischief-but they never assist the shepherd in the slightestdegree. In this respect, we are just like the silly sheep, yet, our good Shepherd supplies all the needs, pities all the infirmitiesand pardons all the wanderings of His poor wayward flock. We may indeed say that like as a shepherd pities his flock, andcares for them, so our Heavenly Father pities them that fear Him, and lovingly tends them day and night with constant care.Just as Jacob told Laban that in the day the drought consumed him and the frost by night, so that his sleep departed fromhis eyes, Christ can say that He watches over His blood-bought flock and keeps everyone of the sheep with meticulous care!

Now, Brothers and Sisters, I feel as if I could not say any more about these privileges of the Lord's sheep, but as if I neededto stop and sing about them. What music there is here-"The Lord is my Shepherd." That little word, "is," puts the whole matterbeyond all question. "The Lord is my Shepherd." Then I shall be safely guided right up to the hilltop of Heaven! I shall alwaysbe amply provided for! My fortune is made and I shall be no loser, come what may. My bank is good and its wealth can neverbe diminished. While as to all other matters-protection from my foes, or whatever else I shall need between here and Heaven-allis secured to me because Jehovah is my Shepherd!

II. Now, in the second place, I must speak more briefly upon THE DUTIES WHICH ARE INVOLVED IN THIS RELATIONSHIP.

As a shepherd has duties appertaining to his office, so also have the sheep. The first duty of a sheep-that which naturallycomes to a sheep-is confidence in the shepherd. When I have heard people talk of silly sheep, I have often wondered whether,if the sheep could speak, they might not talk of more silly men, for, of all the foolish things that a sheep never did, surelythis is one-as it was in the meadow, eating the grass, it never did stop all of a sudden and say to itself, "I do not knowwhat will become of me in the winter! There will be deep snow on the ground and I shall not be able to get at the grass. Icannot really see how I shall be provided for!" I never heard, even in a fable, of a sheep's woolly head being disturbed inthat fashion-it has a shepherd to provide for it and it relies upon him to provide for all its needs! Yet you and I dear Friends,sometimes do this silly thing which a sheep would not do! We say, "we cannot imagine what we shall do if we are ever in such-and-suchcircumstances!" We probably shall never be in such circumstances, yet we keep on supposing what we would do if that were ourlot! Some persons have a little factory in their house for making trouble. When God does not send them any, they make somefor themselves! And I have heard that homemade troubles are just like homemade clothes-they never fit properly and they alwayslast longer than any others! The trouble that I make for myself is sure to be a far greater trouble than any that God sendsme!

You smiled at what I said just now, but it is a fact that many Christians who might be happy and who ought to sing all daylong, begin foretelling tomorrow's sorrow and, as God will not give them tomorrow's strength until tomorrow comes, they findtheir imaginary burden too heavy for their backs to bear! You know how the brave little band of warriors fought at Thermopylae.Bravery alone would have been of small service to them, so they took their stand in a narrow pass, where their foes couldonly advance one at a time and, consequently, Leonidas and his brave followers, though very weary, could hold the pass againstthe Persian host! Now, Beloved, you are at the narrow pass of "today." Therefore, meet your troubles one by one and, as theycome, God's Grace will make you more than equal to them and enable you to overcome them! But when you get into the broad fieldof months and years and begin to think of a month's troubles, and a year's trials, you will fear that you will never be ableto conquer them! Get into your proper place and stand there like a sentinel who is willing, if necessary, to die at his post.

Our first duty, then, as the Lord's sheep, is confidence in our Shepherd. And, next, we must love our Shepherd. Dr. Thomson,in his admirable work, The Land and the Book, tells us that in the East, there often springs up an intimate affection betweenthe shepherd and his sheep. There are some sheep which will keep at a distance from the shepherd. If he sits down at one endof a field, they are pretty sure to be at the other end! But there are others which keep closer to him and there are somewhich are so fond of the shepherd that you never see him without also seeing them close by his side. If he stops, they stop.If he moves, they move. They love the pasture, but they love the shepherd still better. Dr. Thomson tells us that these sheepare generally the fattest of the flock because the shepherd is sure to give them the best of the food. They love him and heloves them. He loves all the sheep, but he loves these with a very special kind of love and, Beloved, if we loved Christ more,we would have more true happiness, more real spiritual enjoyment. I am afraid that some of us who love our Lord are like Peterwhen he followed Christ afar off. We would be far happier if we could take John's position and lean our heads upon Christ'sbosom.

There is an election inside the Election of Grace. You know that Christ had many disciples, but that out of them He chose12 to be His Apostles. Out of those 12 Apostles, He chose three favorites, Peter, James and John-and out of that select bandof three-He chose one who was called "that disciple whom Jesus loved." They were all the sheep of the Good Shepherd and allof us who believe in Jesus are God's children, but there are some who seem to be more dutiful and more obedient children thanothers are-and who walk in closer communion with their Lord. And these have the best of the Christian life and the highestdegree of spiritual enjoyment. I hope that you and I, who call Christ our Shepherd, love Him much and feel that the love ofChrist constrains us to yield to Him our heart's deepest affection.

Another duty of the sheep is that of following the shepherd. It is a fractious, wandering, troublesome sheep that is alwayswanting to have its own way and to go where it pleases. It is true that the shepherd still loves the wandering sheep and thathe seeks it until he finds it. But there is another thing that he does which the parables do not tell us, and that is he punishesthe wandering sheep. When the shepherd finds his wandering sheep, he rejoices over it, but he takes care that the sheep shallnot rejoice, and he makes it sorrow for having wandered from him. We are told, by those who have watched Syrian sheep, thatthey are often lame. A shepherd who was asked by a gentleman what made a certain sheep lame, replied, "I lamed that sheep.I did it on purpose." "Why did you do that?" asked the gentleman, and the shepherd answered, "It was always wandering andI could not afford the time to go after it, so I lamed it, and it cannot wander away now." Sometimes when the sheep have beenwandering, they get such a stroke from the shepherd's crook that you would think it would break their backs. Certainly, thisis what you and I will get if we are Christ's sheep and yet persist in wandering. Like the Eastern shepherd does, He willlame us because He will not lose us. He will even beat us because He loves us. Whether obedient children will escape the rod,or not, it is certain that those who are disobedient shall be made to smart for it as surely as their father loves them!

There is one other thing that ought to be true of me if the Lord is my Shepherd, and that is, I ought to recognize His rightsover me and His property in me. The Eastern shepherd is usually the owner of his sheep. He may sell it, or kill it, or dowhat he likes with it-and no one can dispute his right to do so. And a genuine Christian feels that Christ has an absoluteright in him. Whether he is to live or to die, to sorrow or to rejoice, should be no matter of choice to a Christian. He shouldfeel that whatever is his Master's will is also his will. The seal of an American Missionary Society is an ax standing betweenan altar and a plow, with the motto, "Ready for either"-ready to work in God's field yoked to the plow, or ready to fall beneathGod's sacrificial axe and to smoke upon God's altar-ready, with Paul, to be offered up when the time of our departure is athand! We have not a true idea of the rights of God over us, or even of our own condition before Him unless we feel that weare the sheep of His pasture and that He may do with us exactly as He wills.

III. Now I want, just for a few minutes, to speak upon the third point, which is this-THE TEXT SUGGESTS A GREAT MANY ENQUIRIES.

We must not flippantly talk as if all the promises in Scripture belonged to all of us! For, my dear Friend, it may be thatthe Lord is notyour Shepherd-and if that is the case, the sheep's portion is not yours. We ought to be very careful not toput God's promises into the hands of those to whom they do not belong. The other day I saw a little tract bearing this title,"It is certain that God loves you." And I burned it, for I was afraid that somebody who had no right to it, might see it andbelieve that it was true. I do not believe that God loves every individual who might pick that tract up in the sense in whichsuch an individual would understand the expression. I know that God loves, in a certain sense, all the creatures that He hasmade. But such love as that gives me no comfort as long as I am an unreconciled sinner under condemnation because I have notbelieved in God's dear Son! I dare not say to everyone of you, "The Lord is your Shepherd," for I do not think that all ofyou are His sheep. I cannot help fearing that there are some here who have no part nor lot in this matter, for they are still"in the gall ofbitterness and in the bonds of iniquity."

I am going to put a few questions to you, or to point out some of the characteristics of one who can say, "The Lord is myShepherd." If I am the Lord's sheep, I shall have something of the sheep's disposition. I shall perceive that His Spirit hasworked in me, at any rate, some Divine gentleness. I know some professors who seem to me to be more like wolves than sheep.They snap their jaws like wolves do and their very speech seems to be like a wolf's howl. They dislike this and they hatethat, and they cannot endure the other-in fact, nothing pleases them. A sheep has its likes and its dislikes, but it doesnot snarl, snap, howl, or growl-it is the wolf that does that-the sheep is of a gentler disposition. A man who cannot bearan insult is surely not a Christian. A man who always revenges an injury done to him is surely not a Christian-that is, onewho is like Christ-"who, when He was reviled, reviled not again; when He suffered, He threatened not." He could truly say,"I gave My back to the smiters, and My cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not My face from shame and spitting."The giving up of what is our right-the giving up of what we may fairly claim as our own-is the very mark of Christ's sheep!

Again, sheep are known by being gregarious in their habits. They always like to be in flocks and "we know that we have passedfrom death unto life, because we love the brethren." Many a time have I blessed the Holy Spirit for having inspired John towrite that verse! And it is quite possible that some of you, dear Friends, when you could not find any other evidence of Grace,have been glad of such a mouse-hole as this into which your poor, tried, timid soul might creep and hide-"We know that wehave passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren." A genuine love to the true children of God is a sure signthat we are Christ's sheep, just as the fact that the sheep flock together helps to prove that they are sheep! May we havemore of this love to all our Brothers and Sisters in Christ-not merely a love to some saints because they happen to be ourown relations, or because they belong to our denomination, or because they agree precisely with us in sentiments!-but a loveto all the saints, as saints, for Christ's sake-yes, a love even to the bad-tempered ones, the irritating ones, the unsaint-like"saints." It is very hard work to love some of these "saints." I have

often said that I know same good people with whom I would sooner live in Heaven forever than live for half an hour on earth,for they always seem to look at things at so curious an angle that I cannot possibly agree with them. Yet I must love themfor Christ's sake, for, if I do not love them, I must question whether I really am myself one of Christ's sheep.

Another evidence of being a sheep is that they are very particular in their feeding. A wolf can eat what the sheep would nottouch, for the sheep must have nothing but that which is sweet and clean to feed upon. We have heard of some professors whocan enjoy very questionable food. Mr. Rowland Hill had a man in his church who used to go to theatres and when Mr. Hill questionedhim as to how he could make a Christian profession and yet frequent such places, he said, "Well, you see, Mr. Hill, I do notoften go there. I only go occasionally just for a treat." "Ah," said the good minister, "then you are worse than I thoughtyou were." And then he used this illustration. "Suppose somebody should spread a report that Mr. Hill was accustomed to eatcarrion? Well, it would be a horrible story, but suppose I should say, 'Oh, no! I do not eat carrion every day as a commonarticle of diet-I only have a little now and then for a treat'? People would say, and say truly, 'What a filthy taste he musthave! What a horrible appetite to call that a treat which is so foul!' So, my Friend, when you say that you do not go intoevil company except sometimes for a treat, that proves which way the wind blows in your soul-and proves the direction in whichyour heart is set. It proves that you really love sin, or you would not roll it as a choice morsel under your tongue."

Oh, that God would teach us, by His Grace, to estimate the true value of our actions, not by their outward appearance, butby the desire of our heart that prompts us to them. For, if we are kept back from sin merely by motives of respectability,or because our fellows are looking upon us, we are as guilty before God as if we had actually committed the sin because ourheart still goes after its filthy idols!

We may also judge whether we are Christ's sheep by one or two texts which Christ Himself has given us. I quoted to you, justnow, our Lord's own words, "My sheep hear My voice." Did you ever hear Christ'svoice? I did not ask whether you ever heardyour minister's voice, but whether you ever heard Christ's voice. Did He, Himself, ever speak to you so that you recognizedthat it was Christ's voice that you heard? Besides that hearing of their Savior's voice, Christ's sheep have a wonderful discriminatingpower by which they recognize Him. I heard a gentleman who had traveled in the East say that he thought the sheep must knowtheir shepherd because of the clothes which he wore, so he put on a shepherd's garments and went up to some sheep, but notone of the sheep mistook him for their shepherd. Then he called one of the sheep by its proper name, but it took no noticeof him-and that reminded him of our Savior's declaration, "A stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for theyknow not the voice of strangers." The sheep have such a keen ear that they can detect the tones of their own shepherd's voiceand can distinguish it from all others.

So is it with Christ's sheep-they are not deceived by the voice of strangers, though others are deceived. I venture to prophesythat within 10 years from this date, the whole of this country will be permeated by Popery. The advance that Romanism hasmade during the last 10 years is so terrible that if it continues to increase at only half that rate, my prophecy will proveto be a true one. The very name of Protestantism will die out unless God sends us a revival of Evangelical religion, for thefashion of the age is so set towards that which is gaudy, sensuous and sensational-and the whole trend of ecclesiasticismis so directly towards ceremonialism, that if we who love the old faith, do not bestir ourselves, we and our fellow countrymenwill plunge into the Stygian bog of Popish superstition! Some of you will hardly believe what I am saying, but if you willonly turn your mind's eye in the direction to which I am pointing, you will see that the advance of Romanism and Ritualismin this land is quite extraordinary. The only people who will not be swept away by this tidal wave of ceremonialism, are thosewho have heard the voice of Christ and so have the first mark of His sheep! If you have ever been justified by faith in Jesus,you will not be cajoled by a so-called "priest." If you have ever spiritually eaten the flesh of Christ, you will never degradeyour Christian manhood by munching the man-made wafer-god! If you have ever really known Jesus Christ as your Savior, whatwill you care for the so-called "sacrifice of the mass"? You will know that it is only a Satanic invention to delude souls!If you have ever been regenerated by the Holy Spirit, the fiction of "baptismal regeneration" will be an abomination to you!If you have ever been vitally united to Christ, the living Vine, all the false and foolish talk about being saved by the powerof sacramental efficacy will be as a stench in your nostrils which you cannot endure!

So I come back to the question I asked just now-Have you heard the voice of Christ? Do you know the meaning of the whisperingof His Spirit? Have you passed from death unto life? Have you been transformed from a wolf into a sheep?

Have you been translated out of the Kingdom of Darkness into the Kingdom of God's dear Son? If so, relying upon the Lord JesusChrist, whose precious blood has redeemed every one of His chosen flock, you can say, "The Lord is my Shepherd." But if not,and you continue to follow your own devices, they will lead you to destruction! God grant that this may not be the lot ofany one of us, but may we all come, with childlike confidence, and put our trust in Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the oneand only Savior of sinners. And then shall each one of us be able to say, with David, "The Lord is my Shepherd; I shall notwant."

May God bless each one of you, for Jesus Christ's sake! Amen.

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