Sermon 2959. God's Love to the Saints

(No. 2959)

A SERMON PUBLISHED ON THURSDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1905.

DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON, ON LORD'S-DAY EVENING, JULY 11, 1875.

"Hereby perceive we the love of God, because He laid down His life for us." 1 John 3:16.

[Also see Sermon No. 2958, Volume 51- "The Saints' Love to God"]

TRUE love cannot long be dormant. It is like fire of an active nature-it must be at work. Love longs for expression-it cannotbe dumb. Command it to be without expression and you command it not to live. And true love is not satisfied with expressingitself in words. It does use words, but it is painfully conscious of their feebleness, for the full meaning of love is notto be conveyed in any human language. It breaks the backs of words and crushes them to atoms when it lays upon them all thatit means. Love must express itself in deeds, as our old proverb says, "Actions speak more loudly than words." Love delights,too, in sacrifices. She rejoices in self-denials and the more costly the sacrifice, the better is love pleased to make it.She will not offer that which costs her nothing-she loves to endure pain, losses and crosses-and thus she expresses herselfbest.

This is a general principle which is not only applicable to men, but it reaches even up to God, Himself, for, "God is Love,"and being love, He must display love, nor can He rest with merely speaking of His love. His love must manifest itself in action.More than that, God could not rest until He had made the greatest sacrifice that He could make and had given up His only-begottenSon to die in the place of sinners. When He had done that, then He could rest in His love. God does not come to us and say,"Men and women, I love you and you must believe that I love you although I do nothing for you to prove My love." He does askus to believe in His love and He has given us abundant proofs of it. Therefore He has a right to claim our belief in it. TheApostle of Love, who wrote the chapter from which our text is taken, tells us, "Hereby we are made to know"-for that wouldbe the real translation of the original-"Hereby we come to know, we do know, the love of God, because He laid down His lifefor us." Just as we learn the love of others by seeing what they are prepared to sacrifice for us, so is it even with God,Himself, we discover, discern, perceive and are made to know the love which He bears for us by the fact that "He laid downHis life for us."

I. First, I want to show you that THERE ARE MANY ACTS OF GOD IN WHICH HIS LOVE IS VERY CLEAR, BUT IN WHICH THE MOST OF MENFAIL TO SEE.

There are many of His acts of which it might be said, "Hereby the love of God is manifested," yet many men fail to perceivethe love which lies behind the actions. Let us examine ourselves to see how we stand with regard to this matter. There aresome of us who ought to have perceived the love of God to us in the surroundings into which we were brought at our very birth.I am addressing many who, like myself, owe very much to Christian parents. Many of us could truly say, in the words of thechildren's hymn-

"I was not born, as thousands are, Where God was never known And taught to pray a useless prayer To blocks of wood and stone."But without being born slaves or heathens, it might have happened that we would have had to spend our childhood in the slumsof London. Some of you think that you have been very good, but would you have been better than the boys that fill our reformatories-wouldyou have been better than those who crowd our prisons-if you had had the same

training, or lack of training, that has been their lot? If you had had such an example as they have had-if the taste of strongdrink had been familiar to you almost from your birth-if the first thing you ever heard was blasphemy-if you had lived inthe thieves' kitchen-do you think that you would have been any more clear from guilt than they have been? When we look downupon others and despise them, it may be that if we knew all their temptations and the conditions of their upbringing, we mightalmost admire them for not being worse than they are! It costs some people a great struggle to be honest. And there are manywomen in this dreadful London whom we, perhaps, think ill of, who, nevertheless, have suffered almost a martyrdom and whohave fought stern battles with temptation! If they have fallen somewhat, they are to be honored because they have not fallenstill further!

But what a blessing it was to us that when we woke up in this world, we looked up into a face that smiled upon us and to lipsthat, by-and-by, spoke to us of Jesus Christ! The first example that we had was one that, to this day, we wish to follow.Our companions, from our youth up, have been of a godly order and there are some who are in Heaven, now, who had much to dowith the formation of our character-and for whom we should always thank God. Now, had we been wise-had we understood the meaningof this gracious arrangement-we might, in the very conditions in which we were born and brought up, have perceived the loveof God to us! Yet many of us did not. I should not wonder if some of you thought that you were badly treated because you wereplaced in such a strict family where you were checked and kept from what you regarded as the pleasures of life. Many a youngman has felt that he has been tied to his mother's apron strings a great deal too much. He saw other young men enjoying themselves,but he could not-his father, like a grim jailer, was always looking after him too closely. That is the way many of us putit in the days of our ignorance. But now that God has opened our eyes, we can see the love of God in it all. Yet we did notsee it then and, as a general rule, young men and women who have the high privilege of Christian parents and training do notperceive the love of God in it, but often kick against it and wish they had not to endure what they regard as so great a hardship!

Then, dear Friends, the love of God may be clearly seen in reference to all of us in His giving us a wise and judicious Law.That Law of the Ten Commandments is a gift of great kindness to the sons of men, for it tells us the wisest and the happiestway of living. It forbids us nothing but what would be to our injury and it withholds from us nothing which would be a realpleasure to us. The commands which say, "You shall," or "You shall not," are like the signs which you sometimes see at swimmingplaces, bearing the words, "Dangerous! Keep so many yards away from this spot." God does not make laws denying us anythingthat would really be for our good. There is a poisonous berry growing in your garden and your child has been told that heis not to eat it. If he is a wise child, he will understand that it is your love to him which has told him not to eat of thatpoisonous berry. If you had no care about him at all, he might eat what poison he chose. But because you love him, you sayto him, "My child, do not do this and do not do that because it will be to your serious injury and, possibly, your death,if you disobey." We ought to see the love of God in the gift of His Law, but nobody ever does that till he is led to the loveof God in other ways. We cannot say of it, though we ought to do so, "Hereby perceive we the love of God towards us."

We have also had in the daily bounties of Divine Providence, abundant manifestations of the love of God. If our eyes werereally opened, every loaf of bread would come to us as a token of our Father's care-and every drop we drink would come asthe gift of our Father's bounty. Are we not clothed by His love? The breath that is in our nostrils-who gives it to us butour Creator? Who preserves us in health but our great Benefactor? Is it not a proof of love that you are not on a sickbedtonight? That you are not in the lunatic asylum? That you are not do the borders of the grave? Yes, and that you are not inHell? We are a mass of mercies and a mass of sins-we seem to be made of mercy and ingratitude mixed together! But if the Lordwill open our eyes, we will then perceive the boundless mercies of which we are the recipients and we shall begin to perceiveHis love! But this is not the first place where man ever sees God's love. The Cross is the window through which the love ofGod is best seen, but, until that window is opened, all the bounties of God's Providence fail to convince us of His love.See how the mass of men reap their harvests and yet never thank the God who gives the harvest. See how they drive the loadedwagons to the granaries and thresh out the wheat-and send it to be sold in the markets-but did you ever hear of a song ofpraise being sung in the market when they brought the first new wheat to be sold? Did you ever hear of such a thing? Why,they would think we were all gone mad if at Mark Lane, on the arrival of a sample of new wheat, we were to begin to sing-

"Praise God from whom all blessings flow!"

The probability is that there are many of them there cursing because the wheat has gone down a shilling or two and the poorpeople will, possibly, get their bread a little cheaper! Praising God seems to have gone out of fashion and we are told byphilosophers, who ought to know, that the wheat springs up naturally and that God has nothing to do with it. They say thatwhether it rains or whether the sun shines, the processes of Nature are ruled by iron law with which God has no concern atall-and they practically imply that He has gone for a holiday and left the world to manage itself, or wound it up, like awatch, and put it under His pillow and gone to sleep! That is the philosopher's religion and, as far as I am concerned, thephilosophers may keep it, for it is not mine! My religion believes in the God of the showers, the God of the sunshine andthe God of the harvests. I believe in "the living God, who gives us all things to enjoy" and let His name be praised for it!Were our hearts right with Him, we would "hereby" perceive the love of God, but we do not- that perception comes to us througha stained glass window-the window that was stained crimson by the precious blood of Christ! There, and only there, do we perceivethe love of God, "because He laid down His life for us."

II. That brings me to my second point which is this-IN THE LAYING DOWN OF HIS LIFE, CHRIST'S LOVE IS BEST SEEN.

I have already said that in many acts of God, His love ought to be seen, but, according to the text, we "hereby" perceivethe love of God, "because He laid down His life for us." It is universally admitted that there can be no greater proof oflove than for a person to lay down his life for the object of that love. All sorts of sacrifices may be taken as proofs ofaffection, but the relinquishment of life is the supreme proof of love which nobody doubts. A man says that he loves his country-andsuppose that man should be in the condition of Curtius, in the old Roman fable, when a great chasm opened in the Forum andit was declared that it could only be closed by the most precious thing in Rome being thrown into it. The story goes on tosay that Curtius, fully armed and riding his charger, leaped into the chasm, which instantly closed. Well, nobody could doubtthe love of such a man for his country! If the question happened to be the love of humanity, we have the story-the true story-ofthe surgeon at Marseilles. And if we acted as he did, nobody could doubt our love to our fellow creatures. The plague wasraging through the city and the people were dying by thousands. The good bishop remained among them, discharging the lastoffices to the dying and cheering the living-and many of the surgeons of the town who might have departed, lingered to waitupon the sick. At a consultation among them, it was resolved to make a post mortem examination of one of the worst cases ofthe plague and the question was who should make it, for whoever did it must certainly die of the disease within a few hours.One of them, to his honor, said, "My life is of no more value than that of any other man-why should I not sacrifice it ifI can, by doing so, discover the cause of this terrible malady and save this city?"

He finished his grim task, wrote his notes about the case and then went to his home and died. Nobody doubted that he lovedMarseilles, for he had laid down his life for it. And you probably read, the other day, the story of a mother's love whichnobody could doubt. In the late disastrous floods, a mother who had her two little children in a cradle, climbed a hill, carryingthem with her. She reached a tree, or some other frail shelter with these two dear objects of her love and held them up tillshe found that the support on which she was resting was not strong enough to sustain herself and her two babies. So, placingthem out of harm's way as far as she could, she leaped into the waters and soon sank. Nobody could doubt that mother's lovewhen she laid down her life for her children! This is the crowning proof of love! Even "the devil's advocate" will not riseup to dispute this truth! They that can die for others must surely love those for whom they lay down their lives.

Now, our Lord Jesus Christ has proved His love to sinners by dying for them. Do you need me to tell you the story again? Omy Brothers and Sisters, read it for yourselves. Read it often! You have it written four times, but not once too often-thestory of the Son of God, who, for our sakes, died a felon's death, barbarously nailed to the Cross to bleed away His life.Read that story and see how He proved His love to us!

But there were certain points about Christ's death which are very extraordinary and which are better proofs of love than thoseI mentioned just now. The first is this-Jesus need not have died at all When the Marseilles surgeon died, he only did whathe would have to do a few years afterwards. When the mother perished to save her children, she did but die a few weeks, ormonths, or years before her appointed time, for, being mortal, she must die. If we give our life for others, we do not reallygive our life-we but pay the debt of Nature a little while before it is due. But it was altogether different in the Lord JesusChrist's case. Over Him death had no power-It is of Him that Paul writes, "who only has immortality." Who could, without Hisconsent, have laid his hands upon the Prince of Life, the Son of God, and said to Him, "You shall die"? No one could havedone that! It was a purely voluntary act for Christ to die at all-not merely to die on the Cross but everto die, was a voluntaryact on His part and, consequently, a most singular proof of His love to us.

Remember, again, that in our Lord's case, there were no claims upon Him on the part of those for whom He died. I can understanda mother dying for her children. "Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son ofher womb?" I can see some reason why a noble citizen would be willing to die for his city. When the six principal burgessesof Calais put the ropes round their necks and went out to Edward III, to offer to die instead of their fellow citizens, Ican understand their action. Were they not the leaders of that community? Were they not put into a position of responsibilityand honor which, if it might not exactly demand the sacrifice, yet, at least, rendered it a most likely thing that if theywere men of truly noble spirit, they would make it? But there were no such claims upon our Lord Jesus Christ! When Queen Eleanorsucked the poison from her husband's wounds at the risk of her own life, I can see reasons why she would do it. I say notthat she was bound to do it, but I do say that the relationship of a wife accounts for what she did. But Jesus Christ, theSon of God, had no relationship to us until He chose to assume the relationship which He did assume out of infinite compassion!There was no more relation between Him and us then between the potter and the clay! And if the clay upon the wheel goes amiss,what does the potter do with it but take it and throw it into a corner? And so might the great Creator have done with us.But instead of doing so, He shed His blood that He may make us into vessels of honor fit for His own use! O Son of God, howcould You stoop so low as to take upon Yourself our nature and in that nature to bleed and die, when between us and You therewas a distance infinitely greater than that between an ant and a cherub, or a moth and an archangel? Yet with no claims uponYou, of Your own free will, You did yield Yourself to die because of Your amazing love to us!

Another extraordinary thing about Christ's love was that there were no appeals whatever made to Him to die. In the other caseswhich I have quoted, you may remind me that there were no vocal appeals made. The little children in the cradle did not begtheir mother to die for them. No, but the very sight of them was enough to plead with their mother. In the case of the citydying of pestilence, could the surgeon-who believed that by an examination he might discover the secret of the evil-go throughthe streets and see the doors marked with the fatal cross and hear the wailing of the widows and the children without feelingthat they did make most pitiful appeals to his heart? But man made no appeal to God to die for him! Our father Adam-and hewas the representative of us all, did not fall down on his knees in the Presence of God and say, "God be merciful to me asinner. O God, whom I have offended, provide for me a Savior and deliver me from Your wrath!" No prayer came from Adam's lips,nor even a confession-only a wicked and mean attempt to cast upon God the blame for his disobedience! "The woman whom Yougave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat." That is all that human nature usually does-it will not acknowledgethat it needs a Savior and it will not confess that it has sinned sufficiently to need an expiatory sacrifice and, consequently,the sullenness of man might have paralyzed the love of Christ if anything could have done it! You did not sue for mercy-youdid not ask for an Atonement-you did not desire expiation for your sin, yet Jesus came, unasked, undesired, unsought-to laydown His life for sinners!

Notice, again, that Jesus Christ well knew that if He did lay down His life, He would get no love in return from those forwhom He died unless He, Himself, created that love. This He has done in the hearts of His own people, but, in the hearts ofothers who have been left to themselves, there is no love to Jesus Christ. Here, Sabbath after Sabbath, it is our privilegeto preach a dying Savior to dying sinners, but, of all themes in the world, it seems to make the least impression upon someof our hearers! If we were to come here and talk of Howard's devotion in living and dying to relieve the woes of the prisonersin our jails, many would be moved to admiration of the philanthropist! But how little admiration have most men for our sweetLord and Master? It is an old story, you say, and you have heard it so often that you care little for it. Now, that mother,who died to save her children, felt that they loved her. How often they had charmed her with their cooing and smiles whilethey were lying on her bosom-and she felt that she could freely give up her life for them. But our Lord Jesus Christ knewthat He was dying for stony-hearted monsters whose return for His love, if left to themselves, would be that they would utterlyreject Him! They would not believe in Him. They would trust in their own

righteousness rather than in His-and they would try to find a way to Heaven by sacraments and ceremonies rather than by faithin the meritorious Sacrifice which He made when He laid down His life for sinners!

Remember, too, that our Lord died by the hands of men as well as for the sake of men. The surgeon at Marseilles was not todie by the act of his fellow citizens. The mother was not to die at the hands of her children. Curtius, leaping into the gulf,was not forced there by the anger of his fellow citizens. On the contrary, all would have been glad for them to continue tolive. But it was this that made the death of Christ so sadly unique, that He came to die for men who wished that He shouldbe made to die! "Crucify Him, crucify Him," they cried in their mad rage, foaming at the mouth. "Oh," some of you say, "butwenever said that." No, not then, but perhaps you are saying it now-for there are still many who hate the Gospel of Christ-andto hate the Gospel is to hate Christ, Himself, for that is His very essence and heart! And to reject Christ to choose yourown pleasure and to keep on delaying to repent, as some of you do, and to die at enmity against Christ is very much the samething as crying, "Crucify Him!" And it comes to the same thing in the long run. You know that if you could be quite sure thatthere is no Christ and no God, and no Heaven, and no Hell, you would be perfectly happy. That is to say, you would, if youcould, crucify Christ and put Him out of existence with everything that has to do with Him! Well, that is the very same spiritas that which made the Jews of old cry, "Crucify Him, crucify

Him!"

Yet once more, there was this remarkable thing about Christ's death-that in dying for us, He was taking upon Himself an awfulmass of shame and dishonor, and also a most intimate connection with sin. There was nothing shameful about the leap of Curtiusinto the chasm. Had I been there to see him, I would have clapped my hands and cried, "Well done, Curtius!" Who would nothave said the same? But when our Lord died, men thrust out their tongues at Him and mocked Him! His was, indeed, a shamefuldeath. And, I think when that mother put her babes up in a place of safety and herself sank into the raging flood, the angelsmight have smiled as well as sorrowed at such a deed of heroism. But when Jesus sank into the raging flood to save us, evenGod, Himself, did not smile at Him! Among our Savior's expiring cries was that agonizing utterance, "My God, My God, why haveYou forsaken Me?" This was because He had, as our Representative, come into contact with human sin-and so with human shame.The just and holy Son of God was made a curse for us! Or, as Paul tells us, God "has made Him who knew no sin to be sin forus; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him."

All this helps to manifest to us Christ's amazing love, so I finish my discourse by asking-as the text says, "Hereby perceivewe the love of God, because He laid down His life for us"-have you and I perceived that love? Do we know it? That is a verysimple question, yet I take the liberty to press it upon you. I think it was Aristotle who said-and he was a great masterof thought-that it is impossible for a person to know that he is loved without feeling some love in return. I think, as arule, that is true. So, if you do really perceive that Christ loved you so much as to die for you, there will leap up in yourheart somewhat, at any rate, of love to Him! One Sunday night I was reading, in Exeter Hall, the hymn beginning-

"Jesus, Lover of my soul"

And, just at that time, there strayed into the hall, a man of fashion, a man of the world, careless of all spiritual things,but that line caught his ear-

"Jesus, Lover of my soul."

He said to himself, "Does Jesus really love me? Is He the Lover of my soul?" And that line was the means of begetting lovein his thoughtless heart-and then and there he surrendered himself to the love of Christ! Oh, that such a result as that mightcome of my repeating the story here-that some who have never loved the Lord Jesus Christ up till now, would say, "Did He thuslove His enemies-thus strangely love them even to the death? Then we, though we have up to now been His enemies, can be Hisenemies no longer! We will love Him in return for His great love to us."

And you Christian people who do love Him, if you have perceived His love somewhat, try to perceive it still more, that youmay love Him more! And if you really love Him more, try to show that you do. Notice the rest of the verse from which my textis taken. I did not leave out the latter part because I was afraid of it, but because I had not time to deal with it as itdeserves-"Hereby perceive we the love of God, because He laid down His life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives forthe brethren." We ought to prove our love to our God by our love to our fellow men-but especially by our love to our fellowChristians-and to prove our love by our actions! I do not know what the love of some

professors is worth. I suppose they do if they put down how much it costs them in a year. I fear that it does not cost someprofessors nearly as much for their religion as it does for their ribbons, or for some foolish indulgence. They pay theirshoeblacks better than they pay their ministers and they take care to spend upon themselves in perfect waste, a hundred timesas much as they spend upon spreading the Gospel, saving the heathen, helping the poor, or rescuing the fallen! We do not believein such Christianity as that! And we certainly do not wish to practice it. If we profess to be Christians, let us be Christiansin deed and let us especially show our love to Christ by loving our fellow Christians. If you see any of them in need, aidthem to the uttermost of your power! If they need cheering and comforting, give them good cheer and comfort. But, if theyneed substantial aid-fnancialaid-let them have that, too!

In the old days of persecution, there were always some noble souls who tried to hide away the Christians from those who soughttheir lives, although they did so at the risk of their own lives. And many a Christian has given himself up to die in orderto save the lives of his fellow Christians. Some of the old people came tottering before the judge because they thought thatthey would not be so much missed from the Church as the younger ones would be and, possibly, some of them also thought thatthey had more faith than the younger ones had-and if they had more faith, they were more ready to die and so to let the youngerones live on until they grew stronger in faith and hope, and love. But, on the other hand, sometimes the young men would gentlypush back the fathers and say to them, "No, you are old-you had better linger here awhile and teach the young. We young peopleare strong, so we will go and die for Christ." And there was many a contention in the Church of God, in persecuting times,as to who should die first for Christ! They were all willing to lay down their lives for their Brothers and Sisters!

Where has this self-sacrificing love gone? I would like to see some of it! I would even wear microscopes over my eyes if Ithought that I could so discover it-but I am afraid I cannot. Why, if we loved each other, now, as Christians loved each otherthen, we should be the talk of the town and even worldings would say, "Look how these Christians love one another!" Yet thisis only what we ought to do, so, Brothers and Sisters in Christ let it be what we will do! God help you to do it for Christ'ssake! Amen.

EXPOSITION BY C. H. SPURGEON: 1 JOHN 3.

Verse 1. Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God. Behold it,wonder at it and never cease to admire it! Is it not one of the greatest marvels that even God, Himself, has ever worked thatwe should be called the sons of God?

1. Therefore the world knows us not, because it knew Him not I t does not know the Father, then how should it know the children?It did not know the elder Brother-the First-Born among many brethren-and as it did not know Him, how should it know us?

2. Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it does not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that when He shall appear,we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is. And that vision will be transforming and transfiguring! The pure in heartsee God and they are pure because they see God. There is both action and reaction-when God has purified us, we shall see Christand when we see Christ as He is, our purification will be complete! When will that day arrive? Oh, for the blessed vision!Meanwhile, let us be content to look at Him by faith and to be always growing more and more prepared for that brighter visionwhich is yet to be ours.

3. And every man that has this hope in him purifies himself, even as He is pure. I t is the nature of this Divine hope- thishope of being like Christ-that it helps us to grow day by day more like Him and so we purify ourselves, as Christ is pure.

4. Whoever commits sin, also transgresses the Law, for sin is the transgression of the Law. And there will never be a betterdefinition of sin than this. However men may philosophically try to mar it, this simple statement will be better than anythat they can give us-"Sin is the transgression of the Law."

5. And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins; and in Him is no sin. What a marvelous thing it was for Christto bear sin as He did and yet to have upon Him or within Him no taint arising from it! You have to go into the world and yousay, "How can we help sinning while we have to mix with so much that is evil?" Well, the Lord Jesus

Christ had to mix with evil more than you will ever have to, for He not only lived in this sinful world, but the transgressionof His people was actually laid upon Him so that He came into very close contact with sin-"He was manifested to take awayour sins; and in Him is no sin."

6. Whoever abides in Him sins not: whoever sins has not seen Him, neither known Him. If this declaration is related to anyone act of sin, none of us could ever say that we have seen or known Him-but it relates to the habit of sin-if we love sinand live in sin-if the main course of our life is sinful, then we have "not seen Him, neither known Him."

7. Little children, let no man deceive you: he that does righteousness is righteous, even as He is righteous. You must judgea tree by its fruit. If it brings forth good fruit, it is a good tree-and if it brings forth evil fruit, it is an evil tree.Do not be deceived about that matter, for there have been some who have dreamed of being righteous and of being the childrenof God, yet they have lived in sin as others do! They have been self-deceived! It has been a mere dream on which they haverelied. Practical godliness is absolutely necessary to a true Christian character-and a man is not righteous unless he doesthat which is righteous.

8. He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the beginning. Ever since he became a devil, he has continuedto sin. It was sin that changed the angel into a devil-and he has always remained a sinner.

8, 9. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested; that He might destroy the works of the devil Whoever is born of Goddoes not commit sin. That is to say, this is not the course, habit and tenor of his life- there is sin in much that he does,but he hates it, loathes it and flees from it.

9-11. For His seed remains in him: and he cannot sin because he is born of God. In this the children of God are manifest,and the children of the devil, whoever does not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loves not his brother For thisis the message that you heard from the beginning, that we should love one another Love is the essential mark of the true childof God. "God is Love" and, therefore, he that is born of God must love. Hatred, envy, malice, uncharitableness-these are notthe things to be found in the children of God! If they are found in you, you are not one of His children.

12. Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother And why did he slay him? Because his own works were eviland his brother's righteous. That was the real evil at the bottom of his great crime-it was the wickedness of Cain's characterthat made him hate the good that was in Abel-and, therefore, after a while he slew his brother, "because his own works wereevil and his brother's righteous."

13. Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hates you. This hatred is too old for you to wonder at it. If it began with thefirst man who was born into the world, even with Cain, do not marvel if it should spend some of its fury upon you!

14. 15. We know that we have passed from death unto life because we love the brethren. He that loves not his brother abidesin death. Whoever hates his brother is a murderer: and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him. What a warningthis is against the evil spirit of hate, revenge and all that kind of feeling! These things are not compatible with the possessionof the life of God! Where hatred lives, there is no life of God in the soul. That evil must be shot to the very heart by thearrows of Almighty Grace, or else we are not free from the dominion of the devil. Every man who hates another has the venomof murder in his veins. He may never actually take the deadly weapons into his hand and destroy life, but if he wishes thathis brother were out of the way-if he would be glad if no such person existed-that feeling amounts to murder in the judgmentof God! It is not the lifting of the dagger, nor the mixing of the poison that is the essence of the crime of murder! It isthe hate that prompts the commission of the deadly deed! If we never commit the crime, yet if the hate is in our heart, weare guilty of murder in the sight of God-and eternal life cannot be abiding in us.

16, 17. Hereby perceive we the love of God, because He laid down His life for us and we ought to lay down our lives for thebrethren. But whoever has this world's goods andsees his brother has need, andshuts up his heart of compassion from him, howdwells the love of God in him?Indeed, it cannot be there at all! He has the love of himself and not the love of God dwellingin him!

18, 19. My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue, but in deed and in truth. And hereby we know thatwe are of the truth and shall assure our hearts before Him. You notice how the Apostle constantly writes about knowing. Takeyour pencil and underline the word, "know," in John's Epistles and you will be surprised to find how frequently he uses it.He is not one of those who suppose, or fancy, or imagine, or have formed a certain hypothesis-he

knows and he tells us what he knows in order that we, also, may know! Love has a knowledge which is peculiarly her own-a fullassurance which none can take from her!

20. For if our heart condemns us, God is greater than our heart and knows all things. If you, with your narrow knowledge ofright and wrong-your imperfect understanding of your own motives-if you find reason to condemn yourself, what must be yourposition before the bar of the all-seeing, heart-reading God? That little flutter in your bosom, my Friend-that trembling,that uneasiness-what does it mean? Is not this a forewarning of the sounding of the trumpet of the Great Assize when you willhave to stand before the Judge of all the earth and answer for yourself to Him? It is easy to deceive your fellow man-butit is impossible to deceive your God!

21. Beloved, if our heart condemns us not, then have we confidence toward God. Other people may condemn us, but that doesnot matter. They may impute wrong motives to us and misrepresent us, but that is no concern of ours so long as we have confidencetoward God.

22. And whatever we ask, we receive of Him because we keep His commandments and do those things that are pleasing in His sightNotice the link between confidence as to our rightness and power in prayer. When a child has done wrong and knows it, he cannotrun to his father and ask for favors as he used to do-he feels timid in his father's presence because of the sense of hisguilt. But if you and I know that we have endeavored with all our heart to love the Lord and our fellow men and to act righteouslyin all things, we have a sacred confidence which enables us to speak with God as a man speaks with his friend! God greatlyloves this kind of confidence and He listens to those who possess it. Such people may ask what they will of God-they havelearned to bring their minds into conformity with the will of God's so the desire of their heart shall be granted to them.

23. 24. And this is His commandment, That we should believe on the name of His Son, Jesus Christ, and love one another, asHe gave us commandment And he that keeps His commandments dwells in Him, and He in him. And hereby we know that He abidesin us, by the Spirit which He has given us. Oh, to be more and more under the sacred influence of that blessed Spirit!

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