Sermon 2934. Great Changes

(No. 2934)




"And, behold, there are last which shall be first, and there are first which shall be last" Luke 13:30.

IN some of the books printed in the olden times, the authors were known to put a hand in the margin, as if to point out somepassage to which they would have particular attention directed. Now, wherever we see in Holy Scripture the word, "behold,"it answers the same end. It is intended to show us that there is either something new, something impressive, or somethingwhich is speedily to transpire and, therefore, needs immediate attention. Or else there is usually something contrary to whatmen expect and, therefore, their consideration is the more earnestly directed to it. Seeing this, "behold," in the margin,a signpost as it were-a directory for us to stop and pause and learn-let us do so tonight and may the Spirit of God be ourInstructor, that we may listen to profit.

"There are last which shall be first, and there are first which shall be last." Similar passages occur in Matthew and Markas well as in Luke. In Matthew, the connection in which it stands shows that there Christ intended it to relate to temporalcircumstances. Peter had told him that he, together with his fellow Apostles, had left all that he had to follow Christ. Andhis Master informed him that he should be no loser by it, but rather, he should greatly profit through having left house andlands, and children and wife for Christ's name's sake and the Gospel's. "For," said Christ, "there are last which shall befirst, and there are first which shall be last." Brothers and Sisters, let us then hear and understand this, that circumstancesshall very soon be altered. The high and mighty shall not always be so elevated! The base and mean shall not always occupysuch a humiliating position! Throughout the whole history of the world, sin has been striding in high places with shoes ofiron and brass, while godliness has walked barefoot through the valley.

Multitudes of most ungodly men have worn the tiara and have thrown the purple about their shoulders while a far more thanequal number of the virtuous have been slaves to tug the galley oar, or have been condemned to long imprisonments, or have"wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented." Still, Dives wears the scarlet and finelinen and fares sumptuously every day, while Lazarus lies at his gate full of sores and the dogs give him the charity of theirtongues. Still Nero is on the throne and Paul rots in the Mamertine dungeon. Still a Charles II shall have the crown whilethe Puritan shall be found "despised and rejected of men." You can scarcely turn to any page of history in which you do notsee the wicked in great power, spreading himself like a green bay tree, while the righteous is plagued all daylong and chastenedevery morning!

Well, the time is coming when all this shall be changed! One wave of your hand, O Death, and where is the dignity of sin?One blast of Your breath, O God, and where are the glories of the mighty? Where are the pomp and the power of the ungodlyman who vexed Your saints? See there, Dives has gone down to the nethermost pit and Lazarus is lifted to the Throne of God!See there, Nero rots and is corrupt, while Paul, on angels wings, is borne to the right hand of the Majesty on high! Poverty-stricken,having hardly a place where he can lay his head, the humble tentmaker took rank with the very lowest, but, though last, henow stands first, nearest the eternal Throne of God-

"Midst the bright ones, doubly bright."

Proud, having all the earth at his beck, Rome's legions at his call, Nero reigned and thought himself a god, but now the meanestslave is greater than he and they mock and jeer him, even they, the princes who lost their thrones by him and the men whomhe trampled in the dust! In Hell they greet him with the cry, "Are you become like one of us?" and marvel greatly becausethe mighty are fallen and the proud are stained in the mire! Patience, then, patience, you who are the sons

of poverty and yet the sons of God! Hush your boasting, you that are the heirs of wrath and yet the heirs of fortune-the tablesshall soon turn-eternity shall undo the incongruities of life! Time, your inequalities shall all be forgotten, Justice shallright every wrong, "the first shall be last, and the last shall be first."

So, Brothers and Sisters, to pass on, there is no doubt that this is equally true with regard to the world's esteem. For manya long year the precious sons of God, comparable to fine gold, have been esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the handsof the potter. For the first three centuries there was no villainy too vile to be laid at the door of the Christians. Theywere baser than the greatest miscreants. The world hooted them from the streets! No terms were thought bad enough for them."It is not fit that they should live," was the world's verdict upon the followers of the Crucified. And even today a godlyman is held in no reputation. There are no racks, 'tis true-no prisons, no fines-but there are the jeers and the mockery,the shrugging of the shoulder, the reviling, the shame and the spitting! These have not ceased even now. Genius, intellect,science, taste, poetry and literature have their golden shrines. Godliness it just tolerated in its own conventicle.

I may be addressing some Christians, especially some young converts who feel it very hard to have the cold shoulder in society,to be neglected by their friends, to be threatened by their parents, to be forsaken by all who once counted them to be good.Yes, patience, patience, patience! You that are the last for Christ shall be the first with Christ by-and-by! Those that arefirst today in honor and think themselves great and famous because they will never yield to fanaticism, because they willnever be enthusiastic after Christ-they shall be among the last! The day comes when they shall "awake to shame and everlastingcontempt." The organs of public sentiment will change their tone. The world that honored the ungodly shall see their shame.The eyes that once looked slightingly on saints shall be made to honor them as the noblest of the noble and they that hatedChrist shall be lightly esteemed. Let those two thoughts be riveted upon our memories!

But I choose to dwell rather upon two other thoughts. The first part of my text seems to me to teach wonders of Grace. Andthe next part of it seems to me to teach wonders of sin.

I. Here, surely, is A WONDER OF GRACE-"There are last that shall be first."

Here is Divine Sovereignty-choosing the last to make them first. Here is Sovereign Grace-forgiving the greatest sin to makethe brightest saint. Here is Almighty Power changing the most degraded, turning the current of the most strong-minded sinnerand making his soul "willing in the day of God's power."

What does it mean, those that are last? I take it, if I understand the sense aright, it means this-there are some that arelast in pedigree, born of impious parents in some low hovel, in some dingy room, an attic or a cellar, in some court wherethe first sound that reached their ear was blasphemy, and the first sight that greeted their eye was drunkenness. How manywe have of such in London who are, indeed, last if we consider their birth! Poor things, they are born not simply to poverty,but they seem to be the nurslings of vice! One's eyes might weep tears of blood when we think how unhappily some childrenare placed in the very first moment of their advent into society. Glory be to God, however, there are some of these that shallbe first! God will find His jewels in the dens, alleys and slums of London-and take up to His Eternal Throne those that werethe sons of harlots and the children of the thief-that they may sing forever of His amazing Grace!

Last, too, they are in education. Turned out into the street to pick up from every boy the vice he has acquired, to learnfrom evil men, villainy of which their young hearts would not have dreamed. If you should go into our Ragged Schools, especiallysome in the very lowest neighborhoods, or if you would hear Mr. Gregory, the missionary in St. Giles's, tell his tale of allthe sin he sees and the education that our young men of St. Giles's get, O gentlemen of St. James's, it might well make youblush-blush with shame that you are not doing something for them-shame for yourselves that you let your neighbors live likethis! They are still your neighbors, though they are hidden behind the tall houses of your gorgeous streets and crescents,your squares and terraces! Well, these are last in education, but glory be to God, some who were trained for the gallows andtutored for the convict settlement, shall, nevertheless, be taught of the Lord and inducted into the fellowship of the saints!Irresistible Grace shall come and pluck them out of the furnace, hating the garment spotted with the flesh, yet esteemingthem that they, also, may be jewels in the Redeemer's crown!

Then, again, they are last in morals. At eventide, see her as she goes out to hunt for souls. See him, too, as at eventidehe reels from gin palace to gin palace to drink, to swear, to curse. Ah, we are not without those who are last in morals inthis huge den of vice, this city of iniquity! Could Sodom find sinners that would match with the sinners of London? What

do you think? Could Tyre and Sidon outdo the iniquities that are near our doors and may be seen in our own streets? I thinknot! You need not, tonight, go many steps when once the sun is down before you will see under every gaslight some that arelast. Blessed be God-some of them shall be first! Praise the Lord, you angels, there are some of them here tonight, some ofthem saved! Some of them snatched from the fire and they will sing in Heaven-and they do sing on earth right sweetly to thepraise of the love that has made the last to be the first!

Some of these appear, beside their moral debasement, to have the last disposition that could ever be susceptible of Grace.You know the men I mean. Men that when you look into their faces, you feel you would not like to meet them on a dark night.There are such men whose very countenances betray a stolidity and hardness that is not altogether common to men. Do you rememberwhat the Scotsman said to Rowland Hill when he looked long into his face? Rowland asked him, "What are you looking there for?""I was looking at the lines on your face," he said. "And what do you think of me?" said Rowland. "Why," said the man, "I wasthinking that if it hadn't been for the Grace of God, you would have been one of the biggest scoundrels living." And Rowlandsaid 'twas even so. He felt that himself. And I think we have all felt so. We have all felt, as one good man said, "Theregoes John Bradford if it were not for the Grace of God." To the ale-house, to the prison, to the gallows-each of us mighthave come if Sovereign Grace had not prevented!

There are men who seem naturally more coarse, more rough, more wild, more outrageous than others. They have furious passions,they have a fiendish temper. What other word could I use? They have a temper that seems to make them like very maniacs overa little provocation. They know not what to do but stamp and rave, and say they know not what! These are the last men youwould think could be saved. Yes, but there are many of them that havebeen made first. Strange is it that God picks out thevery men whom we would throw away-the most worthless, the most hopeless, hapless and helpless. Sovereign Grace had fixed itseye upon them and said of each one of them, "I will have that man." That man's will stood out stoutly and resisted to theuttermost the pleading voice of salvation, but Grace would have him! O that strong will of his, how useful it is now in thecause of Christ! That hard heart of his, now softened, seems to give a holy courage and a dauntless and a fearless mannerwhich would be unknown to men of a different mold! "There are last that shall be first."

What inferences do we draw from all this? We draw these lessons. There is an encouragement for some of you who think you arelast. I bless God there are always some of the last ones coming into the Tabernacle. God deliver us from having an exclusivelyrespectable congregation! I like to see men of all classes. I like to see the poor come in and I like to see the base andvile come in-and I know they do. I feel like Rowland Hill, when it was said to him, "It is only the tag, rag, and bobtailthat go to Surrey Chapel." "Ah, then!" he said, "Welcome tag, and welcome rag, and welcome bobtail-these are just the sortwe want to see come into the Chapel." "Ah," I hear someone say with a sigh, "that means me, that means me! I am one of thosemen. I am one of the last." Then there is encouragement for you! Mercy's gates stand wide open and Christ invites you in!Trust Him at this very hour, for, "there are last that shall be first."

And, Brothers and Sisters, what cause for humiliation to us who are saved! Were not we the last? I am sure, when I look atthat headstrong boy, when I think of that hard, stubborn boy that never did and would not yield-when I think of that childwho could bear any measure of chastisement but never would make an apology for anything-and then think of myself saved byGrace, I marvel! How is it that God should choose such an one as I am? And I think you can all say, "Why me, Lord? Why me?"And you can put it down to this, "There are last that shall be first."

And what a reason this is why you and I should serve Christ, too! What? Did He look on me when I was last, and will I notwork for Him? Stand out of the way, you groups of cold-hearted men! Stand out of the way, you careless professors that cannotserve your Master! I must and will do God service, for I owe Him more than you do. Mary, I implore you, by the gentlenessof your spirit, stand back, stand back! I must break my alabaster box over that blessed head, for I have much forgiven and,therefore, I love much. I must do much for Him. Give me great sinners to make great saints! They are glorious raw materialfor Grace to work upon and when you do get them saved, they will shake the very gates of Hell! The ringleaders in Satan'scamp make noble sergeants in the camp of Christ! The bravest of the brave are they. God send us many such and we will sweepbefore us yet the hosts of evil and drive iniquity into the depths of the sea. "There are last that shall be first." O dearFriends, I wish the net would catch some of the last right now. I know that young man over there thinks that Christ will neversave him. "There are last that shall be first." I know that young woman has written it down in her conscience that she isan odd person-she is sure to be passed over-one of the last, I see. Ah, and you shall be among the first! Only believe Christ,only trust Him! He is God! He can save you! He is Man! He is willing to save you! Trust Him, His promise is given! He willsave you, He will wash you from every sin and bring you with joy before His face at the last!

II. But now I must take the second part of the text, as briefly as possible, and speak of WONDERS OF SIN. "There are firstthat shall be last."

First in ancestry, hushed to your slumber with a holy lullaby, candled on the knee of piety, hanging at the breast of tendernessand love-from your mother's arms you shall go to the frightful grasp of the Destroyer! And from a father's rejected counselto the sinner's direst doom!

"There are first that shall be last." First in training, taught in the Sunday school, prayed over, wept over. "There are firstthat shall be last." First in privileges, sitting under a faithful ministry, warned, exhorted, entreated, pleaded with. "Thereare first that shall be last." Having much light and knowledge, having an awakened conscience, but quenching it, having thewarnings of the Spirit, but stifling them. "There are first that shall be last." Regularly in the house of God, well-readin Scripture, well-trained in Doctrine, understanding the way of God, but not running in it, knowing your duty but doing itnot. "There are first that shall be last." O my Hearers, I speak to thousands of you that are among the first tonight! WhenI said there were last ones here, I glanced for the few, but oh, how many of you belong to the tribes and families of menwho are of the first! You are not Sabbath-breakers, the most of you-you go to a place of worship. You are not heathens-youhave a Bible, sometimes you read it-and you know what faith in Christ means, if you have it not in your hearts. O London!London! London! You fair metropolis of merchandize and wealth! How are you exalted to Heaven by your privileges! Christ isnow preached in the corner of every street, in your parks, in your fields! Christ is preached in your theatres. He is preachedwhere every man can hear of Him if he will. First and foremost as you stand, O inhabitants of London, the envy of many nationsand their refuge of the oppressed of all nations-how many of you shall be worse off than the savages of Africa or the cannibalsof New Zealand? "There are first that shall be last."

I cannot preach on this text. I have not the strength. I have not the power of thought to point out this solemn Truth of Godas I gladly would and to thrust it on your consciences. I can only thus make it ring and sound in your ears by saying again,"There are first that shall be last."

Remember, if it is so with you-and this is the conclusion of the whole matter-your being last will involve awful responsibilitiesbecause you were first! You cannot perish as others do. If you do reject Christ, how shall you escape who neglect so greata salvation? Sirs, I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah than for you in the Day of Judgment! Besidesthis, how shall you escape from the remorse of your conscience, when conscience, wide awake, shall cry, "You knew your duty,but you did it not"? The caverns of Hades shall say, with dull and dreary echoes, "You knew your duty, but you did it not."Every revolution of eternity, as it brings some fresh crisis of your pain, shall say to you, "You knew your duty, but youdid it not." Banished from Heaven to Tophet, from the Temple of the Lord to Gehenna, from the voice of the minister to weepingand wailing, and gnashing of teeth, from the song of the sanctuary to the howling of the Pit-this, this shall be the edgeof the sword, this the tooth of the devouring worm-"You knew your duty, but you did it not!"

O you first ones, God help you! If you ever should be last, how terrible will be your doom! Let us then engage in great searchingof our hearts tonight. I search my own soul now-what if I, standing first in Gospel privileges, the teacher of this people-whatif I be among the last? My Brothers, you the elders and deacons of this Church, the first in our Israel-what if you are amongthe last? You young men and women of our Catechumen classes, of our Bible classes-you young men of our College, first, mosthopeful of all-what if you are found among the last? You Sunday school teachers and superintendents, you who teach young childrenthe way to Heaven-what if you learn not the way to Heaven yourselves? What if you, the first, should be the last? You, theBeloved of my soul, whom these hands have baptized into the Lord Jesus Christ! You with whom we have had sweet communion atthe blessed feast of the Lord's Table-what if you, the first, should be among the last? I can but reiterate the cry. I canbut stand here, like Jonah, and cry aloud with one unvarying note of warning, "Take heed, you first, that you are not amongthe last!" And what shall we all say, rolling the two sentences into one? O Grace, make me among the first! Let me not beamong the last at the last! O God, help me now to escape from Hell and fly to Heaven! I do accept Christ as my Savior-

"'Nothing in my hands I bring, Simply to His Cross I cling."' Say that in your souls after me, you who feel it-

"Just as I am, and waiting not To rid my soul of one dark blot, To You whose blood can cleanse each spot O Lamb of God, Icome."

Trust the Master now, my Hearers. Say in your spirits, "Yes, we're guilty and vile! Save us, Lord, or we perish." Let thecry of your repentance and the utterance of your faith go up to Heaven in one sound! And then God commissions us to say toyou, from His Word, that He absolves you from the guilt of all your sin when you have believed in Jesus Christ His Son. Hethat believes on the Son has everlasting life and shall never perish! He shall never come into condemnation, but the loveof God shall rest on him in time and eternity. God grant it to us all, for His name's sake!


Psalm 51:-This Psalm is dedicated to the chief musician-it was intended to be sung. Yet it is not by any means a joyous piece of music.It seems more fit to be sung-or sighed-as a solo for the solitary penitence of a broken heart than for the united songs ofBelievers. Yet, in God's ears it is clear that the voice of penitence is full of music, for this penitential Psalm is dedicatedto the chief musician.

Verse 1. Have mercy upon me, O God, according to Your loving-kindness. No eye can spy out the tender attributes of God likean eye that is sore with weeping on account of acknowledged sin, so David prays, "Have mercy upon me, O God, according toyour loving-kindness." This word, "loving-kindness," is a rich double word and it was specially suitable just then, for hewho has a broken heart-bruised and broken on account of sin, needs double mercy from God.

1. According unto the multitude of Your tender mercies blot out my transgressions. ' 'They are on record and I cannot erasethe terrible lines, nor can You erase them, O Lord, without displaying a multitude of Your tender mercies. It will need Omnipotence,itself, to get rid of this sin engraved in brass. Therefore, according unto the multitude of Your tender mercies, blot outmy transgressions."

2. Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity. "Wash me through and through, O Lord. Wash me thoroughly!" A hypocrite is satisfiedwith the washing of his garments, but the true penitent cries, "Wash me! Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity. It is almostthe only thing that I can really call my own and it is most sadly mine. O Lord, wash my iniquity right away!"

2. And cleanse me from my sin. "If washing will not suffice, put me in the fire, but somehow, somehow, O Lord, cleanse mefrom my sin!" You notice that David's prayer is not concerning the punishment of his sin, but concerning the sin itself. Thatis the one thing which is eating into his heart-look how many words he uses to describe it-"My sin, my iniquity, my transgressions."He cries to God to help him to get rid of that which is the source of all his sorrow. The thief dreads the gallows, but thepenitent fears not the punishment of his sin-it is the sin, itself, that terrifies him!

3. For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is always before me. "I cannot get away from it and I cannot get rid ofit. It stares me in the face. It haunts me in my lying down and my rising up. I am obliged to acknowledge my sin, for it isalways before me."

4. Against You, You only, have I sinned and done this evil in Your sight ' 'It is true that I have grieved others and thatI have done much injury to others by my sin, but in all this, I have sinned most against You. The virus-the essence of mysin is that it has been committed against You, O my God!"

4. That You might be justified when You speak, and be clear when You judge.''My sin was committed within Your jurisdictionand against Your Law, O Lord and, therefore, as I am summoned to appear at Your court, I cannot disobey the summons. I amcompelled to give an answer to the charge brought against me-and my answer is that I am guilty, without any extenuating circumstancesthat I can plead before You, O Lord! I am guilty through and through."

5. Behold, I was shaped in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. David does not say that by way of making an excusefor himself, but rather to aggravate his own guilt. He admits that his guiltiness is really a part of himself. He does notsay, "Lord, I was acting contrary to my nature when I committed this sin. You know that it was not like me to do that." Oh,no! He says, "Lord, You know that I was acting quite in accordance with my nature. It was just like me to fall into this terriblesin." We have sometimes heard people say that they were surprised to find that they had been guilty of certain sins-let itnot be so with you, but rather be surprised to find yourself kept from guilt, amazed when you are preserved from sin-for thewhole tendency of unrenewed human nature is towards iniquity. "In sin did my mother conceive me."

6. Behold, You desire truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part You shall make me to know wisdom. As much as to say,"Lord, that which You desire" to see in me is not there, and though You have made me also to desire it, yet I fear that Ihave not at present gone beyond the desire, for still within me, in my secret soul, there lies a tendency to evil, and unlessI keep a strict watch over myself, I soon go astray. Lord, make me inwardly clean! I cannot bear that it should be otherwisewith me."

7. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean. As the priest purges the unclean man by dipping the bunch of hyssop into theblood of the sacrifice, and then sprinkling him with it, so, "purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean."

7. Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. "That is to say, I shall be clean if You do wash me, O Lord! My own washing makesme no cleaner. My own cleaning make me fouler than I was before, but if You will purge me and if You will do it with the sacrificialblood, then I shall be whiter than snow." This is grand faith on David's part! I cannot help calling your attention to it-thathe, with a sense of his sin heavy upon him and bowed down to the very earth with the consciousness of his great guilt, yetdares to say, "Wash me"-adulterous, murderous David-"wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow." No faith brings greater Gloryto God than the faith of the audaciously guilty when they dare to believe that God can forgive them! Not even the unfallenseraphim can render to God purer homage than when you, a defiled and condemned sinner, dare to believe in the mercy of Godin Christ Jesus and so believe as to say, with David, "Wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow."

8. Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which You have broken may rejoice. If a good man ever goes astray, hemay depend upon it that his sin will be very costly to him. And the better a man is, the more expensive will his sin be tohim in the long run. God breaks the very bones of His children when He chastens them for their sin. I do not doubt that manya time their pilgrim way has been all the more weary in their later days by reason of their sins in their earlier days. Thereis many a pain that shoots through old bones, that is meant to remind the old bones what they were when they were young. Godwill certainly chasten us for our iniquities if we are His own people.

9. Hide Your face from my sins,' 'Lord, do not look at them. Refuse to see them! Hide Your face, not from me, but from mysins."

9. And blot out all my iniquities. See how he comes back to that note again and again? He is never far away from it. Thereare certain tunes in which one note is constantly repeated, so is it here. David prays, "O God, put away my sin, blot outmy sin, forgive my sin." He cries for nothing else but that-"Hide Your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities."He longs for the time when not one of them shall be in existence!

10, 11. Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away from Your Presence; and takenot Your Holy Spirit from me. These are the groans of a true child of God. Never has a man, without the Spirit of God withinhim, prayed to God in this fashion. David, therefore, notwithstanding all his sin, still had the life of God within his souland when Nathan came to reprove him, the sacred fire began to burn again. Here are some of the sparks of it-and some of thesmoke of it, too "'Cast me not away from Your Presence'-

"'Dismiss me not from Your service, Lord.' "Say not, I can no longer use you. You shall no longer stand in My courts, foryou have disgraced Me. Get away from My Presence.' 'Cast me not away from Your Presence; and take not Your Holy Spirit fromme.'"

12. Restore unto me the joy of Your salvation; and uphold me with Your free Spirit David longs for his Lord to come back tohim. When God flogs His children, they still cling to Him and they cry to Him. They do not wish to run away and hide themselvesfrom Him. No, their only comfort is to weep upon their Father's bosom and to wait for the kiss

of forgiveness from His lips. So David prays, "Restore unto me the joy of Your salvation; and uphold me with Your free Spirit."

13. Then will I teach transgressors Your ways; and sinners shall be converted to You. Do you not see, Brothers and Sisters,that we must be in a right state of heart if we are to serve God well? We cannot teach transgressors His way with a confidenthope that they will be converted to Him unless we, ourselves, possess the joy of God's salvation and are upheld by His HolySpirit! If we go to God's work out of order, we shall make a mess of it and accomplish nothing that is really worth doing.But when God gives us His comforting Grace within and His upholding on every hand, then shall we teach with power and sinnersshall learn to profit-"Then will I teach transgressors Your ways, and sinners shall be converted to You."

14. Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of Your righteousness. Nonesing so loudly the praises of Redeeming Grace as those who have been forgiven great sins. There is no music, outside Heaven,that has such a volume of God-glorifying praise in it as the song of the man who loves much because he has had much forgiven-"Mytongue shall sing aloud of Your righteousness."

15. O Lord, open You my lips. He felt as if he could not be trusted to open his own lips and, certainly, he was not to betrusted to open his own eyes, for when he had opened them before, he had looked on that which led him into sin. So now hewould have God to keep his very lips, that he shall never speak again except as he shall be guided from on high- "O Lord,open You my lips."

15, 16. And my mouth shall show forth Your praise. For You desire not sacrifice; else would I give it. Very naturally David'smind began to think of the multitudes of bulls, lambs and rams that were burnt upon Jehovah's altar. There is nothing thatmakes a man so spiritual and so Evangelical as a deep sense of sin. You cannot be a Sacramentarian and a ceremonialist verylong if you have a broken heart. Those pretty toys do very well for the kind of "miserable sinners" who do not know what eithermisery or sin means! But he who really has had his heart broken on account of the guilt of his sin cannot be content withthe mere outward sacrifice-he must have that which is spiritua-"You desire not sacrifice; else would I give it:"

16, 17. You delight not in burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God,You will not despise. David has to feel that it is better to have one genuine sigh for sin than to make ten thousand bullsshed their blood upon the sacrificial altar! And if you are truly broken from your sin-if you do really hate it, and cry toGod for the pardon of it-if the Spirit of God has really given you complete cleansing from your guilt by the precious bloodof Jesus-this is better than all the material sacrifices offered in all the temples that were ever built and overlaid withgold! "The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and a contrite heart, O God, You will not despise."

18. Do good in Your good pleasure unto Zion: build You the walls of Jerusalem. As much as though David said, "I have donegreat hurt to Zion, I have pulled down the walls of Jerusalem by my sin. Now, Lord, build them up again. Undo the mischiefwhich Your poor foolish servant has worked by his backslidings." So may any backsliders among us pray to the Lord, "VisitYour Church so graciously, Lord, that my sin may not injure her!"

19. Then shall You be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shallthey offer bulls upon Your altar. Oh, yes, we are sure to bring to God the best that we have when we once get our sins forgiven!After we have looked to Christ, who is the one great Sacrifice for sin, then we bring to God all that we can, to show howgrateful we are for His pardoning mercy!

Psalm 142. Maschil of David. A prayer when he was in the cave. This "Maschil of David" is instructive to us, for the experience ofone Believer is very edifying to another. We are so much alike that as in water, face answers to face, so the heart of menanswers to man-and what one Believer has felt awakens sympathy in the rest of God's people.

Psalm 142:1, 2. I cried unto the LORD with my voice: with my voice unto the LORD did I make my supplication. I poured out my complaint beforeHim; I showed before Him my trouble. David mentions that he prayed with his voice. This is an unimportant matter comparedwith praying with the heart, but when the heart is full of prayer, it is often very helpful to be able to use the voice togive expression to the emotions of the soul. To have a room in which, without disturbing others and without ostentatiouslyrevealing your private experiences to others, you can speak aloud unto the Lord, will be found to be a great advantage inprayer. Some men's thoughts become more concentrated and flow more freely-and their hearts are better able to pour out theirdeepest and fullest expressions when they can pray aloud. So David says that in the cave, where he would not be likely todisturb anybody, he cried with his voice unto the Lord- "With my voice unto the Lord did I make my supplication."

You can see from verse 2 what was the style of his prayer. "I poured out my complaint." The figure is a very simple one. Justas you pour out water from a bottle, so David let his heart's complaint flow out before the Lord. In pouring out water, itsometimes comes slowly and sometimes fast-at times with a rush, followed by a pause. There is no prayer better than that whichnaturally flows from the renewed heart without any strain or effort, it was so with David-"I poured out my complaint beforeHim, I showed before Him my trouble." Just as a patient shows his wounds to the surgeon, so take away the covering from yourbroken heart and wounded spirit and set your trouble before the Lord, who already sees it! It will be no novelty or causeof surprise to Him and He desires you to manifest such trustfulness in Him as will lead you to lay before Him your complaintand your trouble.

3. When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then You knew my path. "My spirit was so overwhelmed within me, that I did notknow where I was, or what I was. I could not make heads or tails of myself. I seemed to be like a skein of silk or wool ina tangle. My thoughts, as George Herbert would have said, were all a case of knives, sharp to cut and wound. I could not makemyself out! I was a puzzle even to myself, but You knew my path even then."

3, 4. In the way wherein I walked have they privately laid a snare for me. I looked on my right hand and beheld, but therewas no man that would know me: refuge failed me; no man cared for my soul. This is a terrible condition for anyone to be in-tohave every friend forsake you-to find that those who used to know you best, do not want to know you any longer, but turn theirheads away as if it would be a disgrace to them to be known to have been your friends. This is a grand opportunity for testingthe reality of your faith! Can you believe God now? Can you take Him to be your Friend now that you have not another friendin the world? Fine-weather faith is very cheap and easily obtained-but the faith that can stand fast in the time of the stormand tempest-that hardy mountaineering faith which hides in God in the coldest winter and finds its summertime in Him alone-thatis the faith that is worth having and worth keeping!

6. I cried unto You, O LORD: I said, You are my refuge and my portion in the land of the living. "I left the broken reedsalone and leaned upon my God. I said, You are my refuge and my portion in the land of the living."

6, 7. Attend unto my cry; for I am brought very low: deliver me from my persecutors for they are stronger than I. Bring mysoul out of prison, that I may praise Your name: the righteous shall compass me about; for You shall deal bountifully withme. This is a beautiful metaphor, suggesting that when the saints heard that God brought him out of prison, they would gatherround him, gaze upon him as a miracle of mercy and ask him to tell them his wonderful tale. He would be the center of theirdelighted observation and their own faith and hope in the Lord would be greatly increased. As a little imprisoned bird mightlong for emancipation, David says, "O Lord, open my cage door and let me fly and I will sing, as I mount, to the praise ofHim who gave me my liberty! 'Bring my soul out of prison that I may praise Your name: the righteous shall compass me about,for You shall deal bountifully with me.'"

-Adapted from The C. H. Spurgeon Collection, Version 1.0, Ages Software, 1.800.297.4307