Sermon 2797. The Need and Nature of Conversion
A SERMON INTENDED FOR READING ON LORD'S-DAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1902.
DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,
AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON, ON LORD'S-DAY EVENING, OCTOBER13, 1878.
"Let the wicked forsake his ways, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return to the LORRD, and He will havemercy upon him; and to our God, for He will abundantly pardon." Isaiah 55:7.
SOME years ago [Sermon #1195, Volume 20-ABUNDANT PARDON] I
preached from the last four words of this verse, laying special stress upon the abundant pardon which is given to repentingsinners through the rich mercy of our God. On this occasion, I am going to put the emphasis upon the first part of the verse,speaking more upon the necessity of the sinner forsaking his evil ways and of the unrighteous man abandoning his evil thoughts.There is urgent necessity for us to continually insist upon this course of action. This Chapter, as we noticed in our reading,is full of Gospel teaching and it expresses, under the most striking and cheering metaphors, both the fullness and the freenessof the Gospel. But the Prophet also insists most clearly that the wicked man must forsake his ways and the unrighteous manmust turn from his thoughts and return to the Lord that he may obtain the mercy and pardon that God is waiting and willingto bestow.
This is not a merely legal demand-it is a Gospel demand found in the center of a Gospel Chapter in the writings of the mostEvangelical of all the Prophets. The Chapter begins with a number of gracious and wide invitations and so, naturally, leadson to the promise of the coming Savior. Only God Himself could find a Savior for our ruined race and none but God's own Soncould be that Savior. Then there follows, in due order, the promise of a people to be saved. The Savior shall not come tothe earth in vain. He shall call a people unto Himself and "nations" shall run to Him. Then, following the promise of a Saviorand the declaration of the certainty that many shall be saved by Him, there comes in this loving invitation, "Seek you theLord while He may be found, call you upon Him while He is near." Since He is to have a people who shall be His, forever, putin your claim to be among them! And since, as a Savior, He is near to you, call upon Him and He will hear your call!
This brings us to our text which is consistent with the rest of the Chapter even though some people think it is not. Herewe are told, first, that the wicked must forsake his ways. There is no Savior for the man who will not forsake his sin. Sucha man can never be among the people who shall run to Christ, for how can he run to Christ while he continues in the way ofsin? Such a man shall seek the Lord in vain and call upon Him in vain, for, while he hugs his sin, he cannot embrace the Saviorwho hates sin with a perfect hatred. This is the theme upon which I am going to now speak and I want to do it in the spiritof the Master, of whom Malachi wrote, "For who may abide the day of His coming? And who shall stand when He appears? For Heis like a refiner's fire, and like the fuller's soap, and He shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and He shall purifythe sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness." Maythe Master bless His own searching Word-and He shall have all the praise!
I. First, then, let us meditate a while upon THE NECESSITY OF CONVERSION. If a man is to be saved, he must turn from his sins."Right about face!" is the marching order for every sinner! There is no hope of forgiveness for him if he will continue withhis face as it now is. He must turn from his sin if he would be saved.
This will be at once evident to you when I ask the questions, "How would it be consistent with the holiness of God for Himto put aside our past sins and then to allow us to go on sinning as we did before?How could He be thought to be
just and pure if He should remit the punishment for past transgressions without seeing in us any determination to abstainfrom such sins in the future?" Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, but He never came here to spare their sins.God would never have sent His Son to this earth to be the messenger of sin, yet Christ would be nothing better than the messengerof sin if He had come and said to men, "You may continue in your sin, yet I will forgive you. You may live as you like, yetyou shall find mercy with the Lord at the last." It must strike you, in a moment, that such a course as this would be inconsistentwith the Character of the Judge of all the earth who must do right! There is no such teaching as that in the whole of theScriptures-and he who dares to believe it, believes a lie! Nowhere in the whole compass of Revelation is there a promise offorgiveness to the man who continues in his iniquity!
There is a promise of pardon to the sinner who forsakes his wicked way and turns from his evil thoughts. There are many promisesof forgiveness to those who confess their sins in humble penitence and who seek to live new lives under the power of the HolySpirit. Possibly someone would remind me that the greatest promises are given to those who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ.That is quite true, but the faith which believes in Jesus is a living and active faith which works in the soul a hatred ofsin-and if a man says, "I believe in Christ," and yet continues to delight in sin, he is a liar and the truth is not in him,for, "faith, if it has not works, is dead, being alone." Only that faith alone which is proved to be a vital and real faithby bringing forth "fruits meet for repentance" will save us! It is no use wanting or trying to be saved without a change ofheart and a change of life. "You must be born-again," is Christ's own word to all unregenerate sinners! Without holiness noman shall see the Lord. "Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatever a man sows, that shall he also reap." There hasnever been any revocation of these Truths of God and I repeat again that in the whole compass of the Word of God there isno promise of pardon to the man who continues in his iniquities!
Neither, dear Friends, is there a single case in fact, nor one emblem in parable that would lead any man to hope that he couldkeep his sins and yet be saved. If you remind me of the woman in the city who was a sinner, I also remind you that her lifehad been completely changed, otherwise our Savior would not have permitted her to wash His feet with her tears and wipe themwith the hairs of her head. Saul of Tarsus was guilty of the great sin of persecuting the saints, but see what a changed manwas Paul the Apostle of the Gentiles! Zacchaeus, the rich tax-gatherer, offered to make full restitution and recompense toany whom he might have wronged. So it always is where the Grace of God works effectually. When the Lord Jesus Christ savesa sinner from the punishment of sin, He also saves him from the love of sin-He makes him holy as well as makes him happy andsafe!
The same lesson is taught in our Lord's parables. For instance, there was no rejoicing over the lost sheep while it was stillwandering away from the fold-the joy began when that lost sheep was foundand was brought home on the shepherd's shoulder!A more striking example is that of the prodigal son. There was no joy over him while he was in the far country and no kissfor him from his father while he was feeding the swine. He must come back. He must say, "Father, I have sinned." There mustbe the forsaking of his former evil ways or else there could be no enjoyment of his father's forgiveness. We must always say,as plainly as we can possibly say it-If you will keep your sins, you shall go to Hell. And if you would go to Heaven, youmust part company with your sins. He who would be married to Christ must first be divorced from sin. There is no possibilityof walking in the way of the Lord and, at the same time, treading the pathway of evil. "No man can serve two masters." Noone can, at the same time, be a servant of the Savior and a servant of Satan.
Besides, dear Friends, our common sense tells us that it would be highly dangerous to societyif men were to be pardoned andyet were not to be renewed in character and life. If Christ should meet with a man and say to him, "I forgive you becauseof the precious blood I shed for you on Calvary-go and be a drunkard still! Go and be unchaste! Go and be a thief!" This wouldbe the way to undermine the very pillars of society and, very soon, we would not be safe in our beds. If there were no laws,or if the laws had no system of punishment for the guilty, human society would cease to be endurable! He who rules all thingsrighteously will never set up such a scheme as this! The Judge of all the earth must punish sin! He will by no means clearthe guilty.
Moreover, it would be a serious injury to the man himselfif he could be pardoned and yet not be changed. For God to forgiveus without renewing us would be a frightful peril to ourselves. A man, finding himself so easily forgiven and having no changeof heart, would plunge into sin worse than ever and, so far as my observation is concerned, I have come to the conclusionthat the very worst form of character is produced in a man who, for some reason or other, thinks himself to be a favoriteof Heaven and yet continues to indulge in sin. I remember the horror which passed through me, in my
youthful days, when I heard a man who was accustomed to be drunk boast that he could say what none of his drinking buddiescould say, namely, that he was one of the elect of God! I felt, child as I was, that he was one of the devil's chosen followersand I do not doubt that he really was. If a man once gets into his head such a perverted notion of the Free Grace of God asto imagine that it is compatible with the love of sin, and a life of sin, he is on the high road to being made into the worstconceivable character! And if such a man as that could be delivered from all the consequences of his sin, from all such consequencesas might be looked upon as arbitrarily fixed by the punishing hand of God, (I know that I am talking of an impossibility),even then he must be miserable! Such a man must go on from bad to worse and sin, whatever we may think of it, is misery! Theworm that never dies is sin. The fire that is never quenched is sin. And Hell is sin fully developed. "Sin, when it is finished,brings forth death," and that second death is Hell. O Sirs, if you could get rid of the disease, the pain, the headaches whichfollow upon indulgence in the qualms of conscience sin, it would be a mischievous riddance for you, for the very pain thatis caused by sin is part of God's way of calling to you to come back to Him. As long as you are in this world, the consequencesthat follow after certain forms of sin are really, with all their bitterness- and they are bitter-but a healthful tonic thatshould make you give up sin and turn to God.
If you go on sinning, you cannot be saved. If you continue to love sin and to practice it, you cannot be saved. Think, fora moment, what any other result would involve. If it were possible for a man to live in sin and yet be forgiven, what wouldbe the value of the work of the Holy Spirit? He has come in order that we may be born-again and have new hearts and rightspirits. But if men could be forgiven without having new hearts and right spirits, of what service would the Holy Spirit be?This would be contrary, also, to the whole design of Christ in our salvation. The angel said to Joseph, before our Savior'sbirth, "You shall call His name Jesus: for He shall save His people from their sins." But if they can be saved in their sins,where is the meaning of His name? When He hung upon the Cross and one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, "forthwithcame there out blood and water." But what is the use of the purifying water if we need not be purified and can be pardonedwithout being cleansed? Paul wrote to Titus that Christ "gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from all iniquity, andpurify unto Himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works." But how can that purpose be accomplished if men can be pardonedand yet continue to live in sin?
Beside that, the very character of Heaven prevents such a thing being done! We know that the unholy cannot enter there-nothingthat defiles can pass the watchers at the pearly portals. Therefore, be you sure of this-that you can never enter Heaven andyou can never have forgiveness if you continue to cling to your sins! You must forsake them, or mercy cannot be yours.
II. Having spoken thus upon the necessity of conversion, I turn, for a little while, to the second part of our subject, THENATURE OF THIS CONVERSION. How is it described here?
First, it deals with the life-"Let the wicked forsake his ways." Observe that it is, "his ways" that he is to forsake. Thatis, his natural way, the way in which he says he was brought up, the way that his natural affections, propensities and passionslead him. He must forsake his ways, even though it is the way in which he has walked these thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy,or even 80 years! He will have to get out of his ways, however much he may delight in them! Possibly, he now loves sin somuch that he says he could not give it up. There are some sins which men roll under their tongues as dainty morsels-but ifyou are to be saved, you will have to give them up. If you would have the mercy of God, you must give them all up! You mustgive up your old sins, your sweet sins, your pet sins. The sins of the flesh with all their pleasure and the sins of the mindwith all their pride must be given up, for notice that word, "forsake." "Let the wicked forsakehis ways." It does not say,"Let him admit that his ways are bad."
There are some who will say, "Oh, yes, I know that my way is very wrong," and there they stop. Such an admission as that willnot save you, my Friend! You must forsake your way as well as admit that it is wrong. To know that it is wrong and yet togo on in it will double your sin! This kind of confession will not help you in the least. On the contrary, it will only increaseyour guilt. You must forsake your wicked way if you are to be forgiven. "Oh, Sir," you say, "I am very sorry for all the sinthat I have committed!" I am glad that you are and I hope that you will be still more so, but that sorrow, alone, will neversave you. It is not saying, "I am sorry," nor yet your being sorry for your sin that will save you! That is right as far asit goes, but you must forsake the sin as well as be sorry for it.
"I must forsake it? Well, I resolve that I will do so." Yet that resolve by itself will not save you, for there are plentyof good resolutions that are good for nothing! You have to actually forsake your wicked ways before you have complied
with the requirements of our text. I know how the devil will try to deceive you, when you have made a good resolution. Hewill say, "Ah, you are a fine fellow and that is a splendid resolution of yours!" Yet mere resolutions are not worth a pennya thousand! We must act, not simply resolve what we mean to do. We must not be like the man who owes a lot of money and hasnot a penny to pay, yet who keeps on saying to his creditors, "I hope I shall be able to pay you tomorrow." Then, when thatday comes, he says he is very sorry, but he missed the friend he expected to see, so he must postpone the payment for a fewdays. Yet, when the few days have passed, there is still nothing forthcoming. So it is with many who resolve to forsake sin-theyare like those who promise-but never pay. This will not do! You must forsake your sin if it is to be forgiven!
"I will tell you what I will do," says one, "I will still keep to my old ways but I will not travel quite so rapidly in them.I will not live such a fast life as I have done." I tell you, Friend, that you must forsake that old way of yours altogetherif you would be saved. If you stand still in it, if you are decent and respectable in it, all that will avail you nothing!You must clear right out of it, for so our text puts it, "Let the wicked forsake his ways." In plain terms, the Prophet meansjust this. Is your way the way of the drunk? Now, no drunkard can ever inherit the Kingdom of God as long as he continuesa drunk, so you cannot be saved if you remain in that condition. Are you a thief? Do you privately cheat in business? Allthat kind of thing must be given up! It is no use for you to say, "I will do it and yet go to Heaven." You will be damnedunless that sin, as well as others, is given up. Or have you been a blasphemer? Do you talk profanely or filthily? You mustwash all that foulness out of your mouth if you would be saved. "Let the wicked forsake his ways." Am I addressing any whohave practiced vice in unmentionable forms? Oh, how many there are who do that and yet are not ashamed! You must forsake allthat, young man, or old man, too-it is no use mincing matters with you. If you mean to go to Hell, go on with your wickedness!But if you would be forgiven for the past, you must cut all connection with these evil things for the future. I most solemnlyassure you, in the name of God, that there can be no compromise about this and every other sin. "Let the wicked forsake hisways," whatever the ways may have been. If it is a filthy way, a fleshly way, a way of lust, a way of self-indulgence-anyway of sin-it must be forsaken. You must abandon it, or else you must abandon all hope of ever getting to Heaven!
"That is pretty strong language," someone says. Do you think so? I shall have to use still stronger expressions presently,for the next point concerning the nature of this repentance is that it deals with the man's thoughts-"Let the wicked forsakehis ways, and the unrighteous man his thoughts." "But thoughts are free," says some unthinking person, "I shall never be hangedfor my thoughts." No, perhaps not, but have you never heard that old saying, "A man may not be hanged for his thoughts, buthe may be damned for his thoughts"? For in thought is often the very essence of sin. A deed might in itself be colorless,but the motive for doing it-the thought at the back of it-puts the venom, virus and guilt into the deed.
As that is the case, what sort of thoughts must the unrighteous man give up? He must give up a great many fine opinions ofwhich he is very proud-his opinion about God, for instance. It is possible that he has thought nothing of Him, or if he hasthought of Him at all, he has dared even to judge his Creator and to find fault with what God does! Ah, Sir, you must giveup all such thoughts of God and you must come to reverence Him and to regard Him as so great that you are less than nothingin comparison with Him! You will also have to give up your opinion concerning God's Law. You thought it was too severe, toostringent and that you could improve it a great deal. You will have to confess, with the Apostle Paul, that the Law is spiritualand that you are "carnal, sold under sin." You will have to change your mind upon a great many subjects if you really wishto be saved. You will have to forsake your old thoughts concerning sin. You said, "Oh, it is a mere trifle-a peccadillo! Poorhelpless creatures as we are, God won't be angry with us for such a little thing as that!" You will have to feel that sinis exceedingly sinful-a great and deadly evil-or you will never be likely to seek and to find peace with God! You will alsohave to change your mind about the Lord Jesus Christ. He is nothing to you, now, but He will have to be everything to youif you are to be saved by Him. You will have to change your mind about yourself-you fancy that you are a fine fellow, now,but you will have to regard yourself as less than nothing before you come to your right position before God. If ever you areto find mercy at His hands, you will have to forsake your present thoughts on all these matters.
Do you ask, "What other thoughts shall we have to forsake?" I reply-a whole set of thoughts in which many people indulge.To the ungodly man it is often quite a treat to sit down and think of what he calls the jolly days of his youth
when he sowed his wild oats. He wishes that he had a handful or two of them left. Ah, Sir, you will have to give up all thoughtsof that sort-and you will have to think of those past days with bitter tears of sorrow over the sins that you then committed.The ungodly man often pictures to himself scenes of carnal delight and if he cannot have a share in such scenes, he oftenwishes that he could. I would remind any of you who have ever done so, that you may commit every sin forbidden in the Decalogue-withouthaving actually committed any one of them-by simply reveling in them in your thoughts! Remember that solemn affirmation ofthe Lord Jesus Christ concerning the Seventh Commandment, "I say unto you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after herhas committed adultery with her already in his heart." And learn from it how our Lord meant His interpretation to apply tothe whole Law of God, so that we should understand that the very thought of evil is sin-and to suck it down as a sweet morselto think upon, even though we never dared to perpetrate the act is still a gross evil-and if we would be forgiven, we mustforsake all these vile, flesh-delighting thoughts!
We must also forsake our thoughts in the sense of turning from all purposes of evil. That, indeed, is the main meaning ofthe Hebrew word used here-"Let the unrighteous man forsake his purposes." You say that you will do this or that, without anythought of whether God would have it so or not. Possibly it is your purpose, as you express it, "to have your fling." Youhave come up from the country, young man. You are pleased that you have gotten away from your mother's apron strings and nowyou are going to have your own way. Forsake all such thoughts, I implore you! And, if any whom I am now addressing have formedany purpose of sin-if you have resolved to indulge in this or that evil, whatever it may be, I charge you, if you desire tohave eternal life-to hate all such purposes and thoughts of sin. The garment spotted by the flesh must be flung away fromus and the very thought of evil must be banished from our minds as far as it is possible for us to do so!
Nor is this all, for the text further says, "and let him return to the Lord," so that this conversion deals with the sinnerin his relation to God. He who would find mercy must return to God to obtain it. Do you ask how you are to do so? Well, first,you must begin to thinkabout God. I really believe that some of you do not think half as much about God as you do about theSultan of Turkey! And with some of you, almost anybody is a greater factor in your life than God is. With some of you it wouldnot make any difference it there were no God at all, except that you would be rather glad if that could be proved to be thecase, for you would feel easier in your mind and could, in such a case, go on in your sin without any of the compunction thatyou now feel. Yet, is it not a singular state of mind for a man who knows that he is a creature made by God, but who reallycares so little about Him that if he could be assured that there were no such Being, he would be better pleased than he isnow? Oh, what a wretched state your heart must be in if it feels like that! It will have to be greatly altered if you areever to be saved!
So, first, you must begin to think of God and then, thinking of Him, you must yield to Him-give up your will to His will and,doing that, you must pray to Him, cry to Him for mercy and then you must trust Him. Especially you must accept His ways ofsalvation by faith in Jesus Christ. And when you do that, then you will be sure to love Him. When you get as far as that,you will be altogether a new creature! Then God will delight in you! Then it will be misery to you to be out of His Presenceand it will be the highest joy of your life to have constant communion with Him.
III. Now I finish with the third part of our subject, that is, THE GOSPEL OF THIS CONVERSION.
Possibly somebody says, "You have been preaching the Law to us, Sir." No, I have not! The Law says nothing about repentance.The Law curses you from the very first moment when you have broken it. That gracious message, "Repent you, therefore, andbe converted, that your sin may be blotted out," is not the utterance of the Law of God, but of the Gospel!
I will try briefly to show you the Gospel of it. It lies, first, in the fact that God has promised that He will abundantlypardon those who turn from their evil ways-"Let him return to the Lord, and He will have mercy upon him; and to our God, forHe will abundantly pardon." To the man who confesses his guilt, the Law says, "Yes, you are guilty, and you must suffer thepenalty attached to your crime." If a person pleads "guilty" in a court of law, the judge does not say to him, "If you willpromise amendment, you may go free." No, he pronounces sentence upon him! And God, the righteous Judge might justly have donethe same to us but, instead of doing so, He says, "Forsake your wicked ways, and your evil thoughts, and turn to Me, and Iwill abundantly pardon you. Only repent of your iniquity and abandon it, and it shall all be blotted out. All the evil ofyour past life shall be forgiven and forgotten and your sins and your transgressions I
will not remember against you any more forever." Oh, precious Gospel messages! Who would not turn from his sin when such agracious promise awaits him in the turning?
Yet there is even more than that, a great deal more, for not only does God bid men turn to Him, but He enables them to turnto Him/So the Gospel of this passage is that God the Holy Spirit is freely given to sinners to turn them, first in their heartsand then in their lives. What you cannot do of yourself, the Holy Spirit will enable you to do! There is no form of sin whichyou cannot conquer by the power of the Spirit of God-and that Spirit is freely given to all who sincerely seek His aid. Heis still here on earth. On the day of Pentecost He descended from Heaven and He has never gone back. "But," says someone,"the Holy Spirit was given to the saints." Yes, I know He was, but He was also given to sinners like yourself, for Peter saidto those who were awakened on the day of Pentecost, "Repent, and be baptized, everyone of you, in the name of Jesus Christfor the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is unto you and to your children,and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call." I wish that many of you would pray the prayer,"Turn us, O God, and we shall be turned." You must be turned, by Sovereign Grace, if you would really turn unto the Lord-andyou must forsake your wicked ways and your evil thoughts if you are to be saved-but you cannot do this of yourself-the HolySpirit has been given on purpose to enable you to do it!
There is a further Gospel message in the fact that Jesus Christ Himself came into the world on purpose that this Divine Spiritmight be given in connection with the exercise, by men, of faith in Him. One of the simplest declarations of the Gospel is,"He that believes on the Son has everlasting life." And one of the last sayings of our Lord Jesus Christ before He went backto Heaven was, "He that believes and is baptized shall be saved." To believe is to trust-and whoever trusts Christ Jesus dependsupon the merit of His death, relies upon the excellence of His atoning Sacrifice and proves the reality of his faith by confessingit in the Scriptural way-such a man shall is assuredly saved. And, in order to his being saved, he shall receive the giftof the Holy Spirit by whose almighty power he shall be enabled to conquer the sin that still dwells within him!
Once more-and this is the part of the Gospel that is the best of all-in order that you might be able to believe that God canhave mercy on the guilty and in order that you might be saved, God gave His Son, Jesus Christ, to offer a full and completeatonement for sin. I never weary of preaching that glorious Truth of God to you, but I long that when I have done so, youmay close in with Christ and that Christ may close in with you, that you may be eternally saved. According to the righteousLaw of God, sin must be punished. Conscience tells you that it is not possible that guilt should go without its due penalty.Therefore it was that Jesus came and bore the dread penalty that was due to sin. The lash of the Law of God must fall on someone,so He bared His shoulders to its terrible blows. The sword of Divine Justice was unsheathed and it must smite someone-so Jesusgave His heart to that sword's point and quenched the flaming blade in the crimson fountain of His own blood! Now that thishas been done, God can be just and yet the Justifier of everyone who believes in Jesus! And the effect of that atoning Sacrificeupon everyone who truly trusts to it is that he finds himself so changed that he hates the sin he formerly loved! And he rushesout of the wicked ways in which he once delighted, he abhors the thoughts that once charmed him and he turns to the Saviorwhom he once despised!
EXPOSITION BY C. H. SPURGEON: ISAIAH55.
This chapter might very well have been found in the Gospel according to Matthew, or Mark, or Luke, or John, for it is so plain,so simple and so full of Gospel teaching.
Verse 1. Ho, everyone that thirsts come you to the waters, and he that has no money; come you, buy, and eat; yes, come, buywine and milk without money and without price. Oh, the freeness of Gospel provisions! And, at the same time, their fullness,their plenty, their variety, their sufficiency! Here is a mention of "wine and milk." It is not enough for the Lord to bidus "come to the waters," but He invites us to partake of the choicest luxuries upon which the soul can be fed-He calls usto be filled even to the full and to accept everything for nothing-"without money and without price."
2. Why do you spend money for that which is not bread? And your labor for that which satisfies not? Why do you act thus? Canyou give any explanation of such folly? The Gospel is consistent with the highest reason. And to believe in Christ is nota thing for which we need make any apology. It is a foolish thing not to believe in Him-a foolish thing to
be living for the world-to be spending our time and strength for our attainment of some inferior objective which can neversatisfy the soul. This "why" is not applicable to the Christian-it is applicable to the worldling. Yet he often thinks himselfthe only wise man on the face of the earth! "Why do you spend money for that which is not bread? And your labor for that whichsatisfies not?"
2, 3. Hearken diligently unto Me, and eat that which is good, andletyour soul delight itselfin fatness. Incline your ear,and come unto Me. What a stress these Gospel passages lay upon hearing the Word! "Faith comes by hearing." All the sights,all the shows, all the gorgeous processions and all the external ceremonies in the world will never convert a single soul!But God says, "Hearken diligently unto Me. Incline your ear, and come unto Me."
3. Hear, and your soul shall live. Do not quibble, but hear. Do not come to find fault with the Word of God-but "Come untoMe," says the Lord. "Hear, and your soul shall live."
3. And I will make an everlasting Covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David. What a surprising promise this is forGod to make to men who are so poverty-stricken that they have "no money" in their hand or in their pocket- nothing in fact,that they can bring to Him! Yet the Lord says, "I will make an everlasting Covenant with you." Will God enter into Covenantwith a poor sinner and pledge Himself by promise and by oath to do him good forever? Yes, poor troubled, sinful Soul, I trustthe Lord, in infinite mercy, is even now calling you by His Grace! And as surely as you come to Him, He will make with you"an everlasting Covenant, even the sure mercies of David."
4. Behold, I have given Him for a Witness to the people, a Leader and Commander to the people. God's Witness of His greatlove to us is His own Son! You cannot doubt God's readiness to receive guilty men, since Christ has come in the flesh. Youcannot doubt His love to sinners, since His only-begotten Son has come to be a Witness to it. Oh, for Grace to range ourselvesunder His banner and to follow His footsteps, for God has given Him to be "a Leader and Commander to the people"! Nor shallHe be a Leader without followers, nor a Commander without an army. Where is He to get His followers and His army? Read thenext verse.
5. Behold, you shall call a nation that you know not, and nations that knew you not shall run unto you because of the LORDyour God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for He has glorified you. Observe, there was no communion between Christ and thesepeople, for He knew them not and they knew not Him. It is the Scriptural mode of expressing the great gulf between these.Yet, He is to call them and they are to run to Him. He is to find His subjects and His soldiers among those who have up tonow been ignorant of Him. What a gracious Covenant promise this is! Under the guise of a declaration made to Christ, thisis really a promise made to the elect of God that they shall be brought back from all their wanderings and be ranged in theirranks beneath the banner of their Lord!
6. 7. Seek you the LORD while He may be found, call you upon Him while He is near: let the wicked forsake his ways, and theunrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return to the LORD, and He will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for He willabundantly pardon. There must be conversion-that is, a turning of the soul, and that must be manifest in the outward life.The wicked must forsake his evil ways, but the change must go much deeper than that-there must be a real spiritual conversion.The unrighteous man must forsake his sinful thoughts and, oh, how glorious it is when, after such a generous exhortation andsuch a gracious invitation, God sends His Spirit to those whom He calls, to enable them to forsake their own ways and theirown thoughts, and to turn to Him! Wherever there is any such a turning as that, it is certain that "He will abundantly pardon."
8, 9. For My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways, says the LORD. For as the heavens are higher thanthe earth, so are My ways higher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts. I think, dear Friends, that not onlymay the unconverted pick up many crumbs of comfort as they hear about the abundant provision of Divine Mercy, but that thetried people of God may also be much cheered as they think upon the greatness of the Lord's plans for them! You do not understand,tried child of God, what your Heavenly Father is doing with you. A child cannot always comprehend His father's purposes oflove-it is not necessary that he should. Every father may say to his son, "My thoughts are not your thoughts," but with whatan emphasis does our Divine Father say it to us! "As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than yourways, and My thoughts than your thoughts."
10, 11. For as the rain comes down, and the snow from Heaven, and returns not there but waters the earth, and makes it bringforth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater, so shall My Word be that goes forth out of My mouth:it shall not return to Me void, but it shall accomplish that which Iplease, and it shall prosper in
the thing to which I sent it Such a promise as this ought to help us to preach in faith! How full our sermons ought to beof the Word of God, for it is not our word, but God's Word that is certain to be effectual to the salvation of our hearers!I remember McCheyne saying that you will generally find that it is God's Word, not man's comment on God's Word, that is blessedto the conversion of souls. There is a Divine charm-a mystic power-about the very Words of the Lord. I can never doubt theDoctrine of Plenary Verbal Inspiration since I so constantly see, in actual practice, how the very words that God has beenpleased to employ are blessed to the souls of men-not merely their sense, but the very language! Sometimes a plural insteadof a singular noun, or one particular word instead of its synonym, will be made, in the hands of the Spirit of God, the meansof reaching some character who, otherwise, would not have been reached. Blessed be God that we believe in His Book! We cannot,we will not give up a jot or a tittle of it-the dot of an I, or the cross of a T. We believe that no part of the Word of theLord will return to Him void, but it shall accomplish all His good pleasure and prosper in the thing whereunto He has sentit.
12. For you shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace. That shall be your happy condition when you have once fedupon Christ! When you have entered into Covenant with God, you "shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace."
12. The mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap theirhands. And many of us can testify that it is so. Once reconciled to God, all nature seems to wear another aspect. Whateverthe weather is, it pleases us because it pleases Him who sends it to us and when we look upon the beauties of Nature beneaththe sunlight, there is a peculiar glory upon them, for the Light of God that shines more brightly than the sun, is, to thebelieving eye, upon everything!
13. Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree and it shall beto the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off Wherever God's Word is, there are transformations.Miracles, though we see them not in the natural world, are abundant in the spiritual realm. Conversion is the great standingproof of the Presence of the Holy Spirit-and His abiding Presence is the perpetual Witness to the truth of the Gospel. Beyondall arguments from internal or external evidence, stands this one-the Word of God is effectual in the salvation of sinners.Thorns are turned into fir trees and briers into myrtles and, so, God is glorified and "an everlasting sign" is thus preservedamong us, "that shall not be cut off."