Sermon 2744. Lost Through One-Saved Through One

(No. 2744)

A SERMON INTENDED FOR READING ON LORD'S-DAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1901.

DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE NEWINGTON, ON THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 24, 1879.

"And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift whichcame from many offenses resulted in justification." Romans 5:16.

MY one and only desire, at this time, is to help those who are sincerely seeking salvation, that they may find it and findit speedily. Ignorance often hinders sinners from coming to Christ. I know that it did so in my own case. I have often thoughtthat if I had understood the plan of salvation more clearly, I would have accepted Christ sooner than I did. And I feel verylittle doubt that there are many other anxious enquirers who are a long time looking for what is close to them all the while.They are like Hagar in the wilderness, dying of thirst while a well of water is near their feet. They are asking the way toZion because they are ignorant of the road.

Even the reading of the Scriptures will sometimes not suffice for the enlightenment of such troubled souls, for they are inthe condition of the Ethiopian eunuch, who, in reply to Philip's question, "Do you understand what you read?" said, "How canI, except some man should guide me?" It needs, sometimes, only just a few words to cast light upon the passage which is notunderstood, and then the eyes see it, the understanding perceives it, the heart accepts it and the captive soul is set atliberty! Pray, you who love the Lord, and are rejoicing in free justification through Christ Jesus-pray that the Lord maydirect the sin-smitten where to look. Here is Christ lifted up, as the bronze serpent was set upon a pole in the wilderness-butthey look to the right or to the left, above or below-anywhere except to the point where we direct them. Divine Spirit, givethem sight and direct that sight to the Savior-even while we are speaking about Him!

I am not going to enter into any theological subtleties concerning the imputation of the sin of Adam, or even into any questionsabout the imputation of the righteousness of Christ. I shall try to speak very simply upon the two points to which the Apostlehere refers and to show you that, as we are lost through one, so we are saved through One.

It pleased God, of old, to commence the human race with a single pair of individuals. One man, Adam, was the representativeof the entire race of mankind, for God determined to deal with men in the mass through one chosen representative. In thatone man they stood in perfection for a while. How long or how short Adam's obedience was, we cannot tell. There are some whothink that he stood scarcely for a day. The Psalmist says, "Man being in honor abides not." But regardless, after a time hewas tempted and he fell. He broke the one commandment which was given him as a test-by no means a hard one-by no means savoringof severity or austerity. But he broke it willfully and, straightway, our representative was found to be faulty. He was expelledfrom Paradise and upon all his seed, seeing that they were all represented in him, there came judgment unto condemnation.The result was that as men grew up and advanced in years, they died-and from Adam to Moses, and from Moses to this presentday-it has been the rule that men should die, so that the sin of Adam has prevailed over the race and left to it a life oftoil and sorrow to, by-and-by, end in death. This might cause us the deepest gloom if it were all that we had to tell, but,thank God, there is another and a brighter side to the story!

There are some who quibble at the justice of this representative arrangement, but there are many others who believe in itand rejoice over it. I always contend that it is a happy circumstance for us that we did fall and were condemned in the bulkin our representative because, had we, each one of us, been individually put upon the same probation, we would

have, to a certainty, all of us fallen! We are, none of us, better than our first parent was. And if the experiment had beenrepeated in the case of each one of us, it would have ended in the same sorrowful way. But then it must have ended finallyand fatally-at least, so we believe, for when the angels fell sinning individually, there was no hope of restoration for them.Whether Infinite Wisdom might not have devised a plan, consistent with justice, by which the angels who had apostatized mighthave been restored, is more than we can tell. We know that the Lord did not devise any such plan. They individually sinnedand, sinning, fell past all hope of recovery. And now they are "reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgmentof the Great Day." No Gospel was ever preached to them-no Atonement was ever made for them-they were left to abide in theirsinful condition, willingly to persevere in perpetual rebellion against the Most High.

But we, happily, had fallen through a representative and, therefore, we could be restored by another Representative! So, inthe infinite wisdom and mercy of God, there came into the world the Second Adam-Man, really Man, though much more than man,for He was also God and He offered an Atonement for the offense committed against the Law of God-such an Atonement that whoeverbelieves in Him has his sins forever put away. Thus we rise in the same manner as we fell, only in a very different Person.We fell in the first Adam-we rise in the Second Adam. We fell in the first Adam, through no fault of our own-we, rise, inthe Second Adam, through no merit of our own! It is of the Free Grace of God that we are received back into His favor.

There is much that might be said upon this matter, but I only intend, as I have already said, to touch the points mentionedhere. So, first, let us contemplate the contrast which the Apostle here sets before us, and when we have done so, let us adorethe manner of the Divine Mercy

I. First, LET US CONTEMPLATE THE CONTRAST DEPICTED IN THE TEXT.

Paul tells us that, "by one man's disobedience many were made sinners." But it is not so with the free gift-one transgressionruined us, but the free gift takes away many transgressions. It was one offense of one man which brought ruin upon our race.Adam offended once and by that one offense he brought us all into disfavor with God. And the race became a judged and condemnedrace, toiling and ultimately dying. Now, if one offense had such power that the whole race was ruined by it, will you not,with all your hearts, adore the wondrous atoning work of Christ, by which many offenses are removed by the free gift of pardonwhich He has come into the world to bring? When, through Jesus Christ, we obtain the remission of our sins, all the mischiefof Adam's fall is undone. As to any guilt which has fallen upon the race, all the members of that race are set free from guiltas soon as they believe in Jesus Christ.

Adam brought a great mortgage upon our estate which it would not have been possible for any of us to discharge. But, to everyBeliever, that first and heaviest mortgage is entirely removed and the estate is free. In addition to this, however, we have,each one of us, sinned. The estate was encumbered at first, but we have encumbered it much more, like an heir who comes intoan encumbered estate, yet straightway begins to burden it with more and more debts, multiplying them until the mortgage isa crushing load too grievous to be borne! But whoever believes in Jesus Christ may have this for his consolation-"the freegift which came from many offenses resulted in justification." Do not try to count your sins-your arithmetic will fail youif you attempt such a task as that! But if it will benefit you to go over the transgressions of your life from your youthup even until now, do so with repentant heart. And when you have added them up as best you can, and tried to conceive thetotal sum of your iniquities, then write at the bottom, "But the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification"-"frommany offenses"-however many they may be-though they should outnumber the sands on the seashore, or the drops that make upthe ocean, yet the free gift of Divine pardon sweeps them all away!

Think a little of the many forms that sin has taken in this world-from that crimson sin which startles even the ungodly man,himself, such as murder, adultery, fornication, theft, drunkenness, blasphemy and the like-to the lighter shades of sin, aswe are apt to think them, though it may be that in God's sight there is as much evil in these faults as in those more glaringcrimes. I will not attempt to catalog our transgressions. I would have to use a roll like that of the Prophet which was writtenon the inside and outside and it would have to be so long that I know not where space could be found to hold it! Our sinsand iniquities are innumerable. They have gone over our heads like the waves of the sea. Personally and individually, thereis not one person who looks at his own character and heart aright, who will not see that

his life has teemed and swarmed with sin! Yet the free gift of Divine Love puts all those sins away the moment we believein Jesus!

The Roman Catholic Church divides sins into two sorts-mortal sins and venial sins. But to me it is of no consequence how thesins of a Believer are described, seeing that Christ has taken them as a whole and cast them into the depths of the sea. Youmay, if you will, classify sins under various heads-sins of thought, sins of word, sins of deed- sins against the First Table,which concerns God, or sins against the Second Table, which concerns man-sins of ignorance, and sins of willfulness, the sinsof youth, the sins of middle age and the sins of old age-but though you pile them together, mountain upon mountain, as inthe old fable-Pelion upon Ossa-yet, still, Christ takes them all away from all who believe on Him. "The free gift which camefrom many offenses resulted in justification."

This thought grows to startling dimensions when you remember that all the sins of each man must be multiplied by the numberof men who, being Believers in Christ, find justification from their many offenses in Jesus! Oh, what a seething mass of sinwould lie upon this poor world, in the sight of the living God, if there were none but His own people upon it, had not Christswept it away by His Infinite Atonement! One cannot think, without horror, of his own sins alone-but when we think of thesin of all the saints who have ever lived upon the earth and the sin of all the blood-bought sinners who are yet to be born,and who shall, many of them, perhaps, live to old age-what a heap and mass of sin it is! "But the free gift which came frommany offenses resulted in justification," and covers the whole vast mass!

As I want practically to use each separate thought, let me say-Soul, if you are willing to be saved in Christ-if you are willingto be saved in this way in the Second Adam as you are assuredly lost in the first Adam-let not the number of your sins confoundyou, so as to prevent you from having hope of eternal salvation in Christ Jesus. Let your sins so confound you as to driveyou to despair if you have any hope in yourself or in your own merits, in your own feelings, or works, or weeping, or in anythingthat is yours! But if salvation is to be had through the blood of Another, through the merits of Another and you are willingto have it so, then, though your sins are as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow! though they are red like crimson, theyshall be as wool! And though they are more in number than the hairs of your head, they shall, in one single instant, be takenfrom you never to return!

Yes, in a moment shall they disappear and shall never be mentioned against you any more. Is not this good news? You do notneed me to embellish it with fine words-you only need to believe it, and to say to yourself, "Yes, there is a possibilityof the blotting out of all my transgressions." Say that, you who have gone in for sin like a very leviathan who needs thegreat deep to swim in! If you have oceans of iniquity, it matters not, in the sight of God, though you had more oceans, for"the free gift" of pardon and eternal life "which came from many offenses resulted in justification." One sin has slain us,but Christ's mercy brings us the death of all our multitudes of sins!

The second point in our text is that the one transgression of Adam led to judgment-"for the judgment was by one." That firstsin of our first parent did not go long unjudged. Sometimes among the sons of men there is a long period between the commissionof a crime and the assizes at which the prisoner is tried. But, in Adam's day, God had short sessions. Ere the sun had gonedown, the Lord God walked in the garden in the cool of the day and He called to Adam, and said unto him, "Where are you?"Then Adam stood before his Maker in a different relationship from that which he had ever occupied before-as an offender tobe judged! And though there was no Great White Throne for him to see, yet there was a pure throne of Justice there, and histransgression received the condemnation with which God had threatened him. And he went forth from the Garden of Eden to toiland, by-and-by, to return to the dust from which he was taken-reprieved, but still condemned-condemned to drag his chain aboutand, at last, to die. One transgression, then, brought judgment upon Adam and will bring judgment upon all who are not protectedand preserved by the Second Adam, the Lord from Heaven!

When the time arrives for the sitting of the Judge of All upon the Great White Throne, men and angels will be present to watchthe distribution of His impartial justice. Then will come the sentence of condemnation against all sin, but the mercyfor allwho are trusting in Christ is that "the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification." That free gifthas anticipated the Judgment, for it says to the Believer, "You are already condemned in the Person of your Substitute. Theverdict in your case has been given-your judgment is already past."

Let me repeat what I have often said, for I find that it is still needed. I frequently read in books, or hear ministers saythat we are in a state ofprobation-but nothing can be more false. We are not in any sense in a state of probation-we

are already condemned! The time of probation was over in Adam's day and, now, we are criminals under sentence of condemnation,or else we have been absolved! God's free gift of pardon implies that we admit our condemnation, that the sentence has alreadyrung in our ears and that then God has said to each one of us who has trusted to the blood and merit of His Son, "I absolveyou. Your transgressions are all put away for His sake."

Have you, dear Friend, ever gone through that experience? Did you ever stand before the judgment seat of your own spirit?Did you ever judge yourself, that you might not be condemned with the world? Did you ever feel that you were condemned andthen did you, with trembling faith, accept that free pardon which puts you past the Judgment? For, when a man has committedan offense against the law of the land, and the Queen gives him a free pardon for it, he is not afraid that the police willbreak into his house and take him off to further trial. No, it is tantamount to this-that he has had his trial and passedit, for he has received a free pardon from the highest authority in the country. And, Beloved, no child of God needs to standin fear of the Judgment, he has already been judged! He has already been condemned! What is more, he has already been punished,for, in the Person of his glorious Representative, the guilt of his transgression has been laid upon his Substitute and expiationhas been made for it so that it is forever put away, according to that wondrous word of the Prophet, "In those days, and inthat time, says the Lord, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, andthey shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve." How can he be accountable to justice, who has already acknowledgedhis transgression and has received pardon? Does not the Divine forgiveness clear him? Yes, that it does! Such is the pardon,stamped and sealed with the atoning blood of Jesus Christ, which the Judge of all the earth has given to us who have believedon His Son!

The one offense, then, brought man to judgment, but the glorious free gift of Grace takes away from us even the fear of thattremendous day when Christ shall come in His Glory, for, in that day, who shall lay anything to our charge? That man neednot fear to go to the last great assize who feels that he can walk into the court and say, "Who is he that can even bringa charge against me?" And who feels, in addition, that if the devils in Hell were base enough to fabricate a charge, yet,"it is God that justifies: who is he that condemns?" Since Christ has died, and risen again, and now sits at the right handof God and makes intercession for us, what judgment have we to fear? Glory be to God for that free gift!

Note, also-I have already partly anticipated this point-that the one transgression not only led to judgment, but it led tocondemnation. Adam must have felt that when he picked up the first dead bird, and when he saw the deer lie bleeding beneaththe paw of the lion. He must have realized it still more painfully when he gazed upon the pale face of Abel, struck to deathby his own brother. Yes, and when Adam had to pause in his work because he felt weary, or that he might wipe the sweat fromhis brow-he felt more and more that he was under condemnation. When he could no longer walk through Eden's Garden and conversewith God-when he saw the fiery sword uplifted at the gate of what had once been his own pleasaunce and place of delight, andwhen he knew that he could never again enter there, he understood what it was to be under condemnation.

That condemnation, dear Friends, is a thing to tremble at, but our text tells us that "the free gift which came from manyoffenses resulted in justification." What a glorious word that word, "justification," is! It means the opposite of "condemnation."When God comes, in Infinite Mercy, and gives a free pardon to a guilty soul, through Christ, He makes that man to be the sameas if he were perfectly just! Instead of standing there condemned, he is absolved-no, more than that-he is justified, madejust and to be treated, now, as though he never had sinned at all but had always been a just and righteous man! Oh, wondrouschange of condemnation into justification! Just as you have trembled when God has condemned you, so do you with as much forcerejoice when God justifies you, for, if He says you are just, then just you are-so just that, as I have already said, noneshall ever dare to lay anything to your charge!

This, too, is a matter of present possession. As soon as we believe in Jesus, we are justified-made righteous-"made the righteousnessof God in Him." It is a very wonderful thing. It is, perhaps, the grandest Doctrine that could possibly be proclaimed, butit is true! Listen, Friend-do you understand that, just as in Adam, you were condemned, and so came under the sentence ofdeath, so, if you believe in Jesus Christ, you shall be cleansed altogether from your many offenses and God will look uponyou as perfectly just in Christ Jesus? You shall, by faith, have peace with God, and there shall be a reason for that peace,for everything which made God angry with you shall have been put away! And you shall sing-

"I will praise You every day!

Now Your anger's turned away. Comfortable thoughts arise From the bleeding Sacrifice"-

and that may be done now, at this very moment! It need not take you a day, a month, a year, but, in an instant God can speakthe pardoning word, strike His pen through the long list of your sins, and write you in His book as, "Righteous," and righteousyou shall be, then and there! Oh, wondrous Grace! Shall we ever be able to say enough to express our gratitude for it?

Now I want you to notice that this one offense involved death, as well as judgment and condemnation, for we find, in the nextand succeeding verses, that, "death reigned." The Apostle puts it very strongly. "By one man's offense death reigned by one."God sat upon His Throne swaying His grim scepter over the entire race of mankind and He even claimed as His victims, babies"that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression," and their little bodies were laid in the grave! Oh, theawful power which sin had thus to turn the world into one vast cemetery and to slay the whole human race! But, Beloved, whenJesus Christ comes to your soul and mine, He takes away the punishment-not merely of that one offense of Adam, but, of "manyoffenses." Sin brought death into the world, with all its woe, but Christ comes and takes death away, removing all punishmentfor sin, so that whoever believes in Him will, for His sake, never be punished and cannot be for this best of reasons-thatit is not consistent with Divine Justice that there should be two punishments for the same offense. And as God accepted Christas the Substitute for all of us who believe in Him, He cannot afterwards punish us for the sin that was laid upon Him! Therecan never be such injustice as that which would be perpetrated by the Judge of all the earth if He took Christ to stand vicariouslyto suffer in the Believer's place, and then caused the Believer to suffer, too.

"But," someone asks, "will not the Believer be afflicted and chastened?" Yes, but that is quite another thing from being punishedfor his guilt! Not penally, as with the severity of a judge, but lovingly may he be chastened by his Father who takes himinto His family. There is a great difference between punishing for an offense and chastening for it. Punishment looks at theguilt of it, but chastening comes from a Father who has already forgiven it and who chastens with a view to the profit ofthe child, that he may not offend again. There is and always must be a grave distinction between the rectorial Character ofGod as a judge, and the paternal Character of God towards His own people. And you and I, who have received Christ, are dealtwith as children-no more to be punished in the penal sense-but as dear children who must be scourged that we may no more offendHim.

Do you understand this, poor seeking Sinner-that you need not dread the punishment of your sin if you will but trust in Jesus?You then need have no dread of Hell, for, if you believe in Jesus, and so prove that you are one of those who are in Jesus,and that He stood as the Substitute for you, and made Atonement for you, there is for you no sword of vengeance! For you thereare no flames of Hell. For you there is no wrath of God. You are free from condemnation and, as a natural result, you mustbe free from punishment.

I will only just mention two or three things on which I meant to have spoken at greater length, and then leave this point.The first is this, that the one offense brought condemnation immediately. As soon as Adam committed the offense, he underwentthe sentence of spiritual death which God had threatened as the result of disobedience. In like manner, the free gift, theinstant it is bestowed, brings justification immediately-

"The moment a sinner believes, And trusts in his crucified God"- he is as much justified as he ever will be even in Heaven.He is clean in God's sight! He is cleared of all guilt by that one act of God's Free Grace as soon as he believes in Jesus.

Next, the offense of one was manifested very speedily. Adam felt ashamed of his nakedness. Very soon he realized what toilmeant and he saw the signs of death's dominion, for the graves began to multiply. Now, in the same fashion, the free giftsoon manifests itself. It does not give us a something merely to dream about, but it gives us a justification which our spiritualsenses are able to perceive, for "we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ." When God puts away our sins, He givesus a manifest joy-not a thing that is hidden or wrapped up, but a joy that can be seen by all whose eyes are open!

Further, the one offense operated universally All who were represented by Adam have had to feel the consequence of his transgressionand, in like manner, the free gift operates universally upon all who receive it, There was never a sinner

yet who trusted in Christ, who did not receive strength, life, absolution and justification-neither shall anyone ever trustin Christ and yet be left to perish!

And the one offense acted completely and fatally It slew the whole race. Look how they have died! Ask every hill or valleywhether it does not hold the relics of the slain. And, in similar but more blessed fashion, the free gift operates effectuallyand finally. In the first case, God overrides its effects, but, in the second case, He never will do so. He whom God justifiesis justified forever and so shall he stand-as long as he lives and throughout eternity-a just man in the sight of God! Thisjust man shall live by his faith. He shall hold on his way and wax stronger and stronger. What a glorious piece of news isthis that I have to tell to every soul that feels its need of such a great salvation! Would God that you would all believeit and trust the Savior whom I thus proclaim to you!

II. My time has fled, so I can only tell you very briefly what I meant to have said at greater length upon my second head,which is, LET US ADORE THE MANNER OF DIVINE MERCY.

Let us, first, thank God that He treats us representatively. I was pleased with a passage which I met with in the writingsof Dr. Chalmers, where he rejoices that he fell in Adam, so that it became possible for God to raise him up again in the sameway that he fell, that is, representatively. Because, my dear Brothers and Sisters, if you and I were now standing in perfectinnocence, we would always have to feel that there was a possibility that we might fall. No, more than that, by this timewe wouldhave all fallen, whatever our age or position may be. Even these dear girls and boys would have fallen into some sinor other. It would always be an insecure standing if we had to stand by ourselves upon our own merits. But, now, althoughwe have fallen in Adam, and have been broken to shivers, we who have believed in Jesus have been lifted up again in Him whonever can or will fall!

Do you see Him up yonder in Heaven? Never did the so-called everlasting hills stand upon their solid basis as firmly as Hestands at the right hand of God! What power can ever remove Him? And He stands there for me-for you, my Brother or Sister-forevery soul that believes on Him and, until He falls, you will never fall! You will never perish until He perishes, for youform a part of His mystical body, as the Apostle Paul puts it, "we are members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones."There are some people who think that Christ may lose certain of His members. In fact, according to their representations ofthe theory of falling from Grace, you would think that He was like a lobster, or some other creature that sheds its limbsand grows new ones! But our Lord Jesus represents Himself as a Man, and a man will not willingly lose so much as his littlefinger. If he did, he would be imperfect-and Christ will not lose the humblest, meanest member of His mystical body, for,as the Apostle says, that body is His fullness, "the fullness of Him that fills all in all," Oh, what a standing it is tobe made to stand in Christ! He raised me from the gates of gaping Hell and made my standing more secure than it ever was evenbefore Adam fell, and I fell in Him, blessed be His holy name!

The next thing for which we ought to adore the method of God's mercy is that it is all a free gift ' 'The free gift whichcame from many offenses resulted in justification." "The free gift." I like Paul's way of putting those two words together-"free"and, "gift." A gift, of course, is free, so this expression is tautological, but it is blessedly tautological! Someone askedme once, "Why do you say, 'Free Grace'? Of course, if it is Grace, it's free." "Oh, well!" I replied, "I do so to make assurancedoubly sure!" We will always call it, not only Grace, but Free Grace, to make it clear that God gives His Grace freely tosinners-the undeserving and ungodly. He gives it without any condition. If, in one place, He says that He requires repentance,in another place He promises it. If He demands faith at one moment, He bestows it at another. So Grace is always God's freegift and that suits a man who has not a penny in his pocket.

I have walked-as I dare say some of you have-by the goldsmiths' and jewelers' shops in the Palais Royal at Paris, and seenthe vast amount of wealth that is exhibited there. And many of you have gone along the great streets of our city and seenperfect mines of wealth displayed, and you have said to yourself, "Ah, I cannot purchase any of these things because thereis a little ticket hanging down below with certain pounds marked on it, and I cannot afford to buy them. It is all I can doto get bread and cheese for those who are at home, so I must leave these luxuries to others." But if I should ever pass bya goldsmith's shop and see a ticket bearing the words, "Free gift!" I would be willing to take a few things at that price!I am glad that you smile at that expression, because those are my Master's terms. He has treasures worth more than the mostglorious jeweler's shop ever contained-and they are all free gifts to all who trust Him. I dare not laugh at you, but I shallhave to blame and condemn you if eternal life is God's free gift and yet you will not say, "I will take it,

and have it forever." You would like to take jewelry for nothing, but you will not accept everlasting life and pardon fornothing by simply trusting in the Lord Jesus Christ!

Lastly, we ought especially to adore the love and mercy of God in that His plan is to save us by Christ Jesus. To my mindit makes every blessing all the sweeter because it comes through Him! The very glory of our salvation is that we are savedin Him, "saved in the Lord with an everlasting salvation." I have sometimes thought, when I have seen a ship beautifully fittedup-a fast-sailing clipper-that I would like to go to sea in her, not simply for the sake of the place to which I would begoing, but because I would like to be in such a ship, with such company and under such-and-such a captain. Well here is Jesus,the Great Captain of the glorious ship of salvation! And who does not feel that while it would be well to go to Heaven, itis best of all to go with Him and in Him? Oh, to be linked with Him-with God's darling Son- with the delight of the angels-withthe Father of all the ages-The Wonderful-The Counselor-The Mighty God- The Altogether Lovely-The Best-Beloved of our soul!It makes the sweetness of salvation all the sweeter because it comes to us by Christ Jesus.

The Lord bless you, Beloved, and give you to know all this in your own souls, for His dear Son's sake! Amen.

EXPOSITION BY C H. SPURGEON: ROMANS 5:6-21.

Verse 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. This is one of the most surprisingsentences on record. If it had not been Inspired, there are many who would quibble at it. Indeed, many do quibble at it evennow, for it is still currently believed that Christ must have died for the righteous. Yet thus is it written-"In due timeChrist died for the ungodly." And this is the commendation of that death, and of the love which suggested it!

7. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die. For a merely just man, scarcely would anybody die. 7. Yet perhaps for agood man. For a benevolent man-

7, 8. Some would even dare to die. But God commends His love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died forus. It is under that aspect that Christ is to be regarded as dying for the ungodly, dying for sinners. Ungodly Man, guiltySinner, is there not hope for you in this blessed Truth of God? Does anyone say, "I shall be lost, for I am ungodly. I mustnecessarily perish, for I am a sinner"? Your logic is at fault, dear Friend. "Christ died for the ungodly." "While we wereyet sinners, Christ died for us." therefore, the ungodly-sinners-are saved because of His death-and all who trust Him shallbe saved.

9. Much more then, being nowjustifed by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him. Did He die for us while we weresinners? Will He not, then, surely keep us, now that we are saved? Yes, that He will!

10. For if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of His Son, much more, being reconciled, we shallbe saved by His life. What an invincible argument this is for the safety of all true Believers in Jesus! Did He die for themand reconcile them unto His Father by His death, when they were enemies? Then, will He not certainly save them, now that theyare reconciled, seeing that He always lives to intercede for them? Will He not save them by His life? Assuredly, He will!

11. And not only so. We cannot get to the end of these priceless gifts! These precious pearls are too numerous even for theApostle to count, although he was a man who knew how to "reckon" up spiritual treasures-"And not only

so"-

11-14. But we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the Atonement Wherefore, as by oneman sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: (for until thelaw, sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, evenover them that had not sinned. Personally-

14. After the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of Him that was to come. So that the sin of Adam tookeffect upon the human race before the Law of God came, and even upon those who had no personal transgression- unconsciousinfants, I mean-causing them to die.

15-17. But not as the offense, so also is the free gift For if through the offense of one many are dead, much more the Graceof God, and the gift by Grace, which is by one Man, Jesus Christ, has abounded unto many. And not as it was by one that sinned,so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification.For if by one. By Adam's one sin-the sin of one man-

17, 18. Death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of Grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reignin life by one, Jesus Christ). Therefore as by the offense of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so bythe righteousness of One. the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. That is to say, upon the "all" who arein Christ, as the condemnation came upon the "all" who were in the first Adam. He who believes not in Jesus has no part in"the free gift unto justification of life." But He who believes is a partaker of the glorious justification which comes byChrist.

19. 20. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound." It was the practical result of the giving of the Law of God thatmen became greater sinners than they were before, and it was the design of the Law that they should see themselves to be greatersinners than before. The Law is the mirror in which we see our spots, but it is not the basin in which we wash them away.The Law has a provoking power, for such is the perversity of our nature that no sooner do we hear the command, "You shallnot do such-and-such," than at once we want to do it! Our nature is very much like quicklime. Throw cold water upon it andstraightway it generates heat, acting, as it were, against the nature of that which is cast upon it. So, the more God saysto a man, "You shall," the more the man says, "I will not!" And the more God says to him, "You shall not," the more does theman resolve that he will. "The law entered, that the offense might abound." It reveals the depravity and disobedience of humannature-and lays us low before God as convicted criminals.

20. But where sin abounded, Grace did much more abound. Blessed be God for that! Sin may be a river, but Grace is an ocean.Sin may be a mountain, but Grace is like Noah's flood which prevailed over the tops of the mountains fifteen cubits upward.

21. That as sin has reigned unto death, even so might Grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christour Lord. Do you know, dear Friends, by personal experience, all about this of which we have been reading? I know that manyof you do. Would God that all did-that they understood, by a living faith, what it is to be justified, having first understood,by sorrowful experience, what a sense of condemnation the guilty soul must feel. The Lord bring you all to Himself, by JesusChrist! Amen.

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