Sermon 2739. 'I Have Enough'
A SERMON INTENDED FOR READING ON LORD'S-DAY, AUGUST 11, 1901.
DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,
AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON, ON THURSDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 9, 1880.
"Esau said, I have enough. Jacob said, I have enough." Genesis 33:9,11.
IT is a very rare thing to meet with people who say that they have enough, for those who have most generally desire more,and those who have little feel that contentment is a thing which cannot reasonably be expected from them. For any person honestlyand truthfully to say, "I have enough," is so unusual a circumstance that I do not remember having heard it often. I havedone so a few times, at long intervals. This being the case as a rule, it is very remarkable that there should be, in thischapter, a record of two persons who each said, "I have enough." It is specially noteworthy that this was said by two brothers,for, generally, if one of two brothers is contented, the other is of quite a different disposition. One may be of a very happyand easy-going spirit, but the other possesses enough worry and care to have stocked the two. But here are two brothers, twins,yet each one says, "I have enough."
It will appear to you as a still more singular fact if you remember that these brothers differed so greatly from one anotherin other respects. The one was described by the Apostle Paul as a "profane person, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright."Yet he says, "I have enough." The other was a man who had wrestled with God and who had power with God and with men as a prince!He also says, "I have enough." It seems to me as if, on that occasion, the blessing of their father Isaac rested upon themboth, for you remember that, although Esau did not receive the great blessing-the Covenant blessing-that having gone to Jacobwho secured it by deception, yet Esau did receive a great blessing of a temporal kind which Isaac pronounced upon him withall the fervor of a father who loved his son most ardently. Esau thus received what he most wanted, for he cared very littlefor the spiritual blessing-not being a spiritual man-and when he obtained the temporal'blessing, that satisfied his heartand he said, "It is enough." The blessing of a gracious father is, indeed, a blessing and though it may not always come aswe could wish, in the spiritualfashion, for all sons are not Jacobs, yet, nevertheless, it does come in some fashion or other.And, thus, upon Esau there fell the blessing which his father Isaac pronounced upon him when he said, "Behold, your dwellingshall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of Heaven from above."
I am going to try to show you that although these two different people did each say, "I have enough," and although the meaningof their words was in some sense, alike, yet there were great differences as to the innermost meaning of the very same wordswhen they came out of different mouths.
I. My first observation is that HERE IS AN UNGODLY MAN WHO SAYS THAT HE HAS ENOUGH.
There are some unconverted men who are content with their present possessions-it is not always or often the case, but it isso sometimes. Contentment is not altogether a spiritual gift. It is possessed by some men who make no pretense to spiritualattainments. You must admit that it is so and it is always unfair and unjust, because it is false, to say that merely moralmen have no moral virtues, for they sometimes have excellences which, for what they are, shine very brightly and put to shamethe defects of professing Christians! A Bristol stone is not a diamond and it is not worth anything like the price of a diamond,but if you were to say that it was not like a diamond, and that it did not shine, you would do it a gross injustice. Pastegems are not real jewels, but they are made so remarkably like the genuine article that if you were to say that they haveno brilliance, you would be denying that which is a matter of fact. And, in like manner,
there are unconverted men whose natural excellences are bright and shining and ought not to be denied. And, though they arenot the people of God and in the day when God shall make up His jewels they will not be numbered with them, for they are merecounterfeits and imitations, yet there is much to be seen in them which we should admire and of which we ought to confessthe excellence.
There are some men who have not the Grace of God in their hearts, who, nevertheless, are not always fretting and worrying,as certain other people are. It is a comfort for their families that they are contented and it is well that even an Esau shouldsay, "I have enough." It is good for Jacob that Esau should say it and it is good for Esau, himself. It is well for a man'swife and his family that he should be of a happy temperament and of a contented spirit, instead of being, as some are, perpetuallygrasping, grinding, scraping and doing everything they can to get more to add to what they already possess. Well, then, ifeven unconverted men sometimes say, "We have enough"-and we do occasionally meet with such persons-what a shame it will beif those who have the Grace of God within them should fall short of even that contentment which worldly men have attained-andshould need such persons as these to set them an example in such a matter as this!
Notice, next, that it is sometimes the case that ungodly men are contented, as Esau was when he said, "I have enough." Thismay be because they are persons of easy disposition who are readily pleased. There are some of whom we say that, "they areeasy as an old shoe" and, generally, such people are not worth much more than an old shoe. These very easy-going people neverdo much in the world, but, still, for all that, they are happy in their easy mode of life. They are naturally satisfied withless than contents others. They look on the bright side of things. They are cheerful from their bodily constitution, beingendowed with good health. And their mental conformation, which is not quite so brisk as that of some others, but more calmand quiet-possibly more stupid, too-enables them to say more readily than others do, "We have enough."
I have no doubt that sometimes ignorance is a help to contentment. Hence the common saying, "If ignorance is bliss, 'tis follyto be wise"-which I will not stay to pull to pieces, though it is open to criticism-for a great mistake lies at the bottomof it. But there are some men who are contented with what they have because they do not know of anything better. They areperfectly satisfied with their present sphere in life, for they were never out of it. They have always lived on the old farmwhere their father lived before them and where their ancestors have lived for many generations-and they do not know of anythingbetter than that. I would not like to transplant the tree that grows so well where it is and I would be the last to wish toinject cares, anxieties and ambitions into the heart of a man who is naturally contented with his lot.
I do not say that this was Esau's case, however. I think he was contented and said, "I have enough," for quite another reason.Some are contented because they are utterly reckless and only consider present pleasure. They live from hand to mouth andnever calculate what may happen tomorrow. Laying by for a rainy day seems to them to be preposterous. If they have sufficientfor the passing hour, it is quite enough for them. In some respects, how like this vice is to the virtue which the Christianought to seek after! Yet it is a vice as we see it in the ungodly, for they are careless, heedless and reckless as was thisman, Esau, who, coming in hungry and faint from the chase, sells his birthright for one mess of red pottage, not knowing andnot caring what the spiritual value of that birthright might be, but selling it straightaway that he might satisfy his hunger!There are some who are contented for this reason, that they do not exercise thought, they do not give due consideration totheir true condition and they say, "We have enough," because they have sufficient for the time present. Such contentment asthat, I do not commend-if any of us have it, may God deliver us from it!
Yet let me notice, next, that in the contentment of unconverted men, there are some good points. For, first, it may preventgreed in them. When a man says, "I have enough," you do not expect him to be one of those who grind the faces of the poorand who must compass sea and land to get more wealth to themselves. Now, in Esau's case, he declined his brother's presentuntil he was pressed to accept it-and I have no doubt that he honestly declined it on the ground that he had enough. His brotherhad planned this gift to propitiate his favor, but he tells him that he does not need it, that he loves him without the present-andhe has enough-so does not require it. It is a good thing for a man, even if he has not the Grace of God, to be so contentedwith the things which he has as not to be covetous of the things of others, for covetousness is a great sin and is condemnedin that Commandment which says, "You shall not covet anything that is
your neighbor's." So far, contentment is a good thing if a man is so satisfied with what he has that he does not covet thatwhich belongs to another!
It is also right and proper that he should not have any envious ill-feeling towards others. If others are better off thanthey are, some people straightway find fault with Providence and are envious and jealous of the person who appears to be morefavored than they are. Esau was not of that mind, for he said to Jacob, "I have enough, my brother. Keep what you have untoyourself." There is another sense implied in the Hebrew, "Be that to you that is yours. May it do you good. May you use andenjoy it yourself!" I like to hear a man say, "My motto is, 'Live, and let live.' I have enough and I wish others to haveenough, too. And if another man's 'enough' is larger than mine, I am glad he has it. If he is capable of more enjoyment thanI am, let him have it-why should I not rejoice in his joy and thus suck out of the sweets that belong to him some sweetnessfor myself by being glad that another is not as poor as I am, or so sick as I am, or so feeble as I am, or being glad thatthere are some who can excel myself, even in the point of earthly happiness?" So far so good, Esau, that you should say, "Ihave enough."
Still, there is an evil side to this contentment, as you must have seen in many who have possessed it. In some people it hasled to boasting. They are so satisfied with everything they have that they are quite sure that nobody else owns anything halfas good as what they have. If they have a horse, there is never another horse within a hundred miles that can trot like theirs!If one should go faster, it is because their animal was a little out of condition that day. They think there is no such afarm as theirs, or no such a trade as theirs, or nothing in the world that can be compared with what they have. And they areeven foolish enough to tell you so! This very contentment that they have breeds glorying in the flesh and glorying in theirown possessions-all of which is evil and obnoxious in the sight of God.
We have also seen it lead to a contempt of Divine things-and this is even worse. Esau says, "I have enough," yet he had losthis birthright, he had lost all the blessings of the Covenant, he had lost all part and lot in God and goodness. It is anawful contentment when man can be satisfied without God! What a terrible peace is that when a man is in a peaceful state ofmind although he is unsaved! It is like that dreadful calm, in the tropics, of which we have sometimes read, where there hasbeen no wind for many a day and the very deep is rotting-and everything seems stagnant and full of death. There are some menwho have reached that kind of contentment in which their conscience is seared as with a hot iron. They want no Heaven-earthis their Heaven. They desire not to be carried by angels into Abraham's bosom-to fare sumptuously every day, here, is enoughbliss for them. They are content not to have the children's portion and to be scourged because God loves them-they wish tohave the lot of the bastard who is without chastisement and who is not acknowledged as a son! They have their portion in thislife-and that is the worst thing about this kind of contentment-for it argues that God is giving them here all the joy thatthey will ever have.
Looked at from that standpoint, there was something very dreadful in Esau's saying, "I have enough." If you could have putJacob in Esau's place, with Jacob's convictions, with Jacob's knowledge of God, with Jacob's desire to be on good terms withGod, do you think that he would have said, "I have enough, for I have these camels, and cattle, and sheep, though I have notGod"? Oh, no! Jacob would have said, "Enough, my Lord? All this is nothing without You. I promised You if You would give mebread to eat, raiment to put on and bring me again to my father's house in peace, I would be Yours-but I cannot be contentwithout You." So he grasps the Angel of the Covenant and he says to Him, "I will not let You go, except You bless me," forhe felt that until God blessed him, he could not say, "I have enough." There is no real contentment to a truly-awakened manuntil he is at peace with God! And it is a horrible thing for any man to be perfectly satisfied while he is under God's wrathand in danger of eternal destruction-as he certainly is unless he has believed in the Lord Jesus Christ! I would like to puta few very sharp thorns into the pillow of any easy-going people here who are content out of Christ. I would even wound youthat you may come to Christ for healing, and smite you that you may resort to the great Physician for the cure which He alonecan work, for it is a dreadful thing that you should be at ease when you have such grave cause for disquietude. "There isno peace, says my God, to the wicked."
II. Now I must pass on to the better part of my subject. HERE IS A GODLY MAN WHO SAYS THAT HE HAS ENOUGH. This is Jacob.
I will begin by remarking that it is a pity that this is not true of every Christian. It is a sad thing when a man is godlyand yet does not say, "I have enough." The Apostle does not say that contentment in itself is great gain, but he says, "Godlinesswith contentment is great gain," so that it is not the contentment without the godliness that is the gain and,
on the other hand, any form of godliness that does not bring contentment with it should be gravely questioned. A godly manwho does not yield ready assent to all God's will ought to pray to be made a godlier man. That man who says, "I am a Christian,"and then murmurs, ought to pray to God to forgive his murmuring and to make him more of a Christian. It should be a distinguishingmark of a child of God that even when he is in the greatest agony, and his prayer has the most of disturbance in it, it shouldnever go beyond the line laid down by Christ Himself, "If it is possible, let this cup pass from Me: nevertheless not as Iwill, but as You will."
Your heart is breaking, you say, with your troubles. It needs more breaking for, if it were broken, the trouble would notbreak it! Where our selfishness and our self-will come in, there our sorrows begin. What is needed is not the removal of trouble,but the conquest of self. When the Grace of God has brought us to sing from our hearts the verse we sang just now, all willbe well with us-
"Father, I wait Your daily will. You shall divide my portion still! Give me on earth what seems You best, Till death and Heavenreveal the rest"
When God's will and our will are contrary to one another, we may be sure that there is something amiss with us. We are neverright till God's will becomes our will and we can honestly say, "The will of the Lord be done." Therefore it is a sad thingwhen a Christian cannot say, "I have enough." But it is a very sweet thing when he can truthfully say it. Then does he reallyenjoy life-when he thanks God for what he is and for what he is not-when he thanks God for health, and also for sickness-whenhe thanks God for gains, and also for losses-when he sings a song in the night, as the nightingale does, as well as a songin the day, as the lark does. He then proves that he does not follow God for what he gets out of Him, as stray dogs will followa man in the street who feeds them, but that he follows God out of sincere love to Him because God is his Master and he belongsto Him. It is true blessedness, a little Heaven begun below, when the Christian, looking all round, can say of all temporalthings, "I have enough."
It is a still better thing when the Christian has more than enough. Jacob was in that condition, for he felt that he couldgive Esau all those goats, sheep, camels, cows, bulls and asses and yet be able to say, "I have enough." It is a blessingwhen a godly man feels, "I have more than enough for my own needs, so I am glad that I can help my fellow Christians. I havegreat joy and delight in aiding the poor and succoring the needy." When you can sing, with the Psalmist, "My cup runs over,"mind that you call somebody to come and catch what spills, for if you let it run to waste, it may be said of you, "That mancannot be trusted with a full cup." So let it run over where those with empty cups may come and catch it, to moisten theirparched lips! It is a good thing when the Christian, even though he has but little, can say, "I have not only enough, butI have a little to spare for others who have less than I have."
The charm of Jacob's, "enough," was that God had given it to him. Esau says nothing about God, but Jacob says, "God has dealtgraciously with me, and I have enough." That is indeed a blessing which we can see comes to us from God when, on every mercythere is the mark of our Father's hand! What are bursting barns if the wheat comes not from God? What are the overflowingwine vats if the juice of the clusters is not from God? What is the good of your gold and silver if God has cursed it? Butwhat a blessing it is when God has smiled upon it all and says to you, "My child, I give you this because you are My child.I make you My steward and I entrust these earthly things to your keeping because I believe that you will use them for My Gloryand for the good of your fellow creatures." This puts a sweetness into the cup which, otherwise, would not have been there,so that it is a very different thing to be a child of God and to have enough-and to be a child of the devil and to have enough!May God grant that we may, each one, know what it is to say with Jacob, "The Lord has dealt graciously with me, and I haveenough"!
The correct rendering of our second text-as you may see by the marginal reading of your Bibles-is that Jacob said, "I haveall things." Esau said, "I have enough," but Jacob said, "I have all things." And, as Matthew Henry says, "Esau's enough wasmuch, but Jacob's enough was all. He that has much would have more, but he that thinks he has all, is sure he has enough."Well, he who believes in Christ has all things, for what says the Apostle? "All things are yours; and you are Christ's, andChrist is God's." They are all yours in this sense-that all that will be good for you, God must give to you-He has pledgedHimself to this. "No good thing will He withhold from them that walk uprightly." He will therefore not withhold any good thingfrom you, so that all that is good for you, you are sure to get. All things are yours
in the promises and in the Covenant-for that God who took you to be His portion, has given Himself to be your portion-andHe is "God all-sufficient." All things are in Him and, in possessing Him, you have all things!
Oh, what privileges are yours, for, listen! God Himself is yours. "I will be their God," He says, and that is more than anythingelse that we can say. Even though all things are yours, you get beyond that when you can say that God is yours! The EternalFather gives Himself, with all His glorious attributes and with everything that belongs to Him-to you! He gives His very heartto you, "for the Father Himself loves you." The Son of God has loved you and given Himself for you, and He gives Himself toyou. All the merit of His atoning Sacrifice, all the love of His heart, all the wisdom of His head, all the power of His arm,all are yours! His very life is yours, for He says to you, "Because I live, you shall live also." What an inheritance youhave, then, in the Christ of God and in the God of Christ! But then you have also the Holy Spirit to be yours. "He dwellswith you, and shall be in you," as in a temple. All light He will bring to you. All life He will maintain in you. All comfortHe will bestow upon you. All guidance and all quickening He will give to you! There is nothing which the Spirit of God canwork which He will not work in you, according as you may have need of His Divine operations. Thus Father, Son and Holy Spirit,all being ours, what a blessed portion we have! I do not wonder that Jacob said, "I have enough," or that he said, "I haveall things." Blessed be the name of the Lord who has made it possible for any son of man to say as much as this!
While I was studying this subject, I met with a sweet poem by that choice daughter of song, Miss Havergal. Each verse is uponthis subject-"Enough." I will read the verses, one by one, and add only brief remarks, hoping that you may drink in the fullnessof their meaning and say with Jacob, if you are indeed a child of God, "I have enough." The poem begins thus-
"I am so weak, dear Lord, I cannot stand
One moment without You!
But oh, the tenderness of Your enfolding!
And oh, the faithfulness of Your upholding!
And oh, the strength of Your right hand!
That strength is enough for me!" There is to be none of your own strength, you see, and none that you can borrow from yourneighbors. You may have many trials, long pilgrimages, great burdens, but God's tenderness will enfold you, God's faithfulnesswill uphold you, and God's strength will, indeed, be enough for you!
As I read that last line, I felt as if I could fall on my face and laugh as Abraham did. Omnipotence enough for me? I shouldthink it is! It is enough to uphold this great globe which God has hung upon nothing! It is enough to sustain yon unpillaredarch of Heaven which stands firm by the Divine might! It is enough for yon sun that has burned on through all these ages,and whose light has never failed! It is enough for the universe which is almost illimitable! It is enough for every livingthing that breathes! It is enough for cherubim and seraphim, and all the angelic host! Then, of course, it is enough for me-alittle gnat dancing up and down in the evening sunlight! Suppose a giant should lend me his strength and say to me, "It willbe enough for you." I should think it would-but that would be little, indeed, compared with the Almighty God saying to me,"As your days, so shall your strength be." Yes, my Lord, "Your strength is enough for me." The next verse of the poem is-
"I am so needy, Lord, and yet I know
All fullness dwells in You.
And hour by hour that never-failing treasure
Supplies and fills, in overflowing measure,
My least and greatest need! And so
Your Grace is enough for me." You remember how Paul says the Lord spoke to him- "My Grace is sufficient for you: for My strengthis made perfect in weakness"? Think what Grace there is in Christ Jesus our Lord-electing Grace, calling Grace, forgivingGrace, renewing Grace, preserving Grace, sanctifying Grace, perfecting Grace, Grace upon Grace, Grace that leads to Heaven!O Beloved, all this Grace is yours and surely there is Grace enough for you! Why do you fear that you will fail? Will God'sGrace fail you? Will God's Grace forsake you and permit you to perish by the hand of the enemy? No, verily, then let eachBeliever say to Him, "Your Grace is enough for me." Miss Havergal next writes-
"It is so sweet to trust Your Word alone- I do not ask to see
The unveiling of Your purpose, or the shining Of future light on mysteries untwining- Your promise-roll is all my own! YourWord is enough for me!"
It is very sweet to be able to say of the Lord's promise, "That is enough for me-even if I do not see the fulfillment of itfor many a day-the promise itself is enough for me. If the Lord seems to do nothing at all for my help, yet, since He hassaid, 'I will never leave you, nor forsake you,' His Word is enough for me." Why, Beloved, you sometimes make a man's wordenough for you-the word of a man whom you can trust. And you say, "His word is his bond." But God's Word is backed by Hisoath-is not that Word enough for you? If so, why do you fret and worry? Rather, you should say to the Lord, "Your Word isenough for me." Then the gracious poetess continues-
"The human heart asks love, but now I know
That my heart has from You,
All real, and full, and marvelous affection,
So near, so human yet Divine perfection
Thrills gloriously the mighty glow!
Your love is enough for me!
Can you say that-you who have loss some dear one, you who are widowed, you who are childless, you who have been deceived andforsaken-"a woman of a sorrowful spirit"-a man cast down and lonely? Is God's love enough for you? It ought to be, for ifall the loves of husbands, wives, lovers, mothers, fathers and children were distilled and the quintessence taken out, itwould be but water as compared with the generous wine of God's love! Does God love me? Then, if all the world shall hate me,it matters no more to me than if a single drop of gall should fall into an Atlantic full of sweetness and bliss! This lightaffliction, which is but for a moment, is not worthy to be compared with the exceeding glory of being loved of God! Yes, myLord, "Your love is enough for me." It is a great heart that God's love cannot fill-no, I must correct myself and say thatit is a base heart-a wicked heart-an unrenewed heart that could not be filled with God's love! It is not a broken heart, buta divided heart. And when the heart is divided, it does not retain the love of God. Oh, for a heart united to the heart ofGod! Then shall I say to Him-
"Your love is enough for me!"
The sweet poem closes thus-
"There were strange soul-depths, restless, vast and broad- Unfathomed as the sea!
An infinite craving for some infinite stilling- But now Your perfect love is perfect filling! Lord Jesus Christ, my Lord,my God, You, You are enough for me!"
So may it be with each of us, for Christ's sake! Amen.
EXPOSITION BY C. H. SPURGEON: GENESIS 32; 33:1-12.
Genesis 32:1, 2. And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God's host: and he calledthe name of that place Mahanaim. Jacob was about to enter upon a great trial and therefore he received a great comfort inpreparation for it. God knows when to send angels to His servants-and when they come, it is often as the forerunners of atrial which is to follow them.
3-5. And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom. And he commandedthem, saying, Thus shall you speak unto my lord Esau; Your servant Jacob says thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayedthere until now: and I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants and women servants: and I have sent to tell my lord,that I may find grace in your sight It has been judged by some that Jacob, in sending such a message
to Esau, acted unworthily and unbelievingly, but I think we are not called upon to censure the servants of God in points whereinthey are not condemned in Scripture. The elder brother, according to all Eastern customs, was the lord of the family, andJacob had so grossly injured Esau that it well became him to walk very humbly and to abound in courtesy towards him. Besides,I hope we shall never imagine that the highest faith is inconsistent with the greatest prudence, and that we shall never forgetthat there is such a book in the Bible as the Book of Proverbs which contains counsels of wisdom for daily life. That Bookof Proverbs is placed not far from the Song of Solomon which treats of high spiritual communion, as if to teach us that thenext door neighbor to the wisdom that comes from above which walks with God, is that prudence which God gives to His servantsfor their dealings with men. He that walks with God will not be a fool, for God is the source of all wisdom-and the man whowalks with Him will learn wisdom from Him.
6-8. And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to your brother Esau, and also he comes to meet you, and four hundredmen with him. Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people that were with him, and the flocks andherds, and the camels, into two bands; and said, If Esau comes to the one company, and smites it, then the other company whichis left shall escape. This fear and distress were sad proofs of lack of faith on Jacob's part, for where there is strong faith,there may be a measure of human fear, but it will not go to the length of being "greatly afraid and distressed," as he was.In this respect he falls short of his grandfather Abraham. But, nevertheless, he acts wisely, first with common prudence,and next with uncommon prayerfulness.
9-12. And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, the LORD which said unto me, Return unto yourcountry, and to your kindred, and I will deal well with you: I am not worthy of the least of all Your mercies, and of allthe truth which You have showed unto Your servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am become two bands.Deliver me, I pray You, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me,and the mother with the children. And You said, I will surely do you good, and make your seed as the sand of the sea, whichcannot be numbered for multitude. Note the humility of Jacob's prayer. We cannot expect our supplications to speed with Godunless we put them upon the footing of Free Grace by acknowledging that we have no merit of our own which we can plead beforeHim. Yet also notice how Jacob reminds God of His promise, "You said, I will surely do you good." That is the very pith andmarrow of prayer when we can quote the Lord's promise and say to Him, "Remember the word unto Your servant, upon which Youhave caused me to hope." You have a strong plea to urge with God when you can say to Him, "You said," for He is a God whocannot lie!
13-16. And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for Esau his brother; two hundredshe goats, twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams, thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and ten bulls,twenty she asses, and ten foals. And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by themselves; and saidunto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space between drove and drove. That also was a very sensible arrangementon Jacob's part, so that his brother might have time to think how he should act, for angry men often do in a hurry what theywould not do if they had a little time given them for consideration. Jacob knows this, so he lets Esau's anger have an opportunityto cool down while he watches drove following drove.
17-21. And he commanded the foremost, saying, When Esau my brother meets you, and asks you, saying, Whose are you? And whereare you going? And whose are these before you? Then you shall say, They are your servant Jacob's. It is a present sent untomy lord Esau: and, behold, also he is behind us. And so commanded he the second, and the third, and all that followed thedroves, saying, On this manner shall you speak unto Esau, when you find him. And say you moreover, Behold, your servant Jacobis behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face: perhapshe will accept me. So went the present over before him: and himself lodged that night in the company. But in the middle ofthe night, he was in such deep anxiety concerning his meeting with his brother, and probably still more concerning his positiontowards his God, that he felt that he must get away alone to pray.
22-24. And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two women servants, and his eleven sons, and passed overthe ford Jabbok. And he took them and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had. And Jacob was left alone; and therewrestled a Man with him until the breaking of the day. It does not say that he wrestled with the Man, but, "there wrestleda Man with him." We call him, "wrestling Jacob," and so he was, but we must not forget the wrestling Man-or, rather, the wrestlingChrist-the wrestling Angel of the Covenant who had come to wrestle out of
him much of his own strength and wisdom, which, though it was commendable in a measure, and we have commended it, was an evilbecause it kept him from relying on the strength and wisdom of God!
25. And when He saw that He prevailed not against him, He touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thighwas out of joint, as he wrestled with Him. So that he fell, or began to fall, but still he gripped the Angel, and would notlet Him go.
26. AndHe said, Let Me go, for the day breaks. Andhe said, I will not let You go, except You bless me. That was grandly spoken!
27. AndHe said unto him, What is your name? And he said, Jacob. "The supplanter."
28. AndHe said, Your name shall be calledno more Jacob, but Israel "A prince of God."
28, 29. For as a prince have you power with God and with men, and have prevailed. And Jacob asked Him, and said, Tellme, IprayYou, Your name. AndHe said, Why is it thatyou ask after Myname? AndHe blessedhim there. He received what he sought for hisnecessity, but not what he merely asked out of curiosity.
30-32. And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. And as hepassed over Peniel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh. Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinewwhich shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because He touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in thesinew that shrank.
Genesis 33:1, 2. And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came, and with him four hundredmen. And he divided the childrenunto Leah, and unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids. And he put the handmaids and their children foremost, and Leah andher children after, and Rachel and Joseph last. He placed them in the order of his affection for them-the best-beloved inthe rear.
3, 4. And he passed over before them, and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother. AndEsau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck, and kissed him: and they wept. God had been very gracious tohim, and all his fears were gone, so he met Esau as a brother, not as an enemy, and the four hundred men were willing to becomehis protectors.
5. And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women and the children; and said, Who are those with you? And he said, The childrenwhich God has graciously given your servant. There was a considerable number of them altogether, more than enough, I expectmost of you would think, if you had them, but Jacob did not speak of them disparagingly-he described them as "the childrenwhich God has graciously given your servant."
6-10. Then the handmaidens came near, they and their children, and they bowed themselves. And Leah also with her childrencame near, and bowed themselves: and after came Joseph near and Rachel, and they bowed themselves. And he said, What do youmean by all this drove which I met? And he said, These are to find grace in the sight of my lord. And Esau said, I have enough,my brother, keep what you have unto yourself And Jacob said, No, Ipray you, if now I have found grace in your sight, thenreceive my present at my hand. For, among Orientals, it is such a common custom to offer and receive presents that if theyare not accepted, it is regarded as an affront.
10-12. For therefore I have seen your face, as though I had seen the face of God, and you were pleased with me. Take, Iprayyou, my blessing that is brought to you; because God has dealt graciously with me, and because I have enough. Andhe urgedhim,andhe took it. Andhe said, Let us take our journey, andlet us go, andI will go before you.