Sermon 2695. Christian Conversation

(No. 2695)




"They shall speak of the Glory of Your Kingdom, and talk of Your power." Psalm 145:11.

YOU have only to look at the preceding verse and you will discover, in a single moment, who are the people here spoken ofwho shall speak of the Glory of God's Kingdom and talk of His power. They are the saints-"All Your works shall praise You,O Lord; and Your saints shall bless You. They shall speak of the Glory of Your Kingdom, and talk of Your power." A saint willoften be discovered by his conversation. He is a saint long before he knows it. He is a saint as being set apart unto salvationby God the Father in the Covenant decree of Election from all eternity. And he is a saint as being sanctified in Christ Jesusand called. But he is more especially a saint as being sanctified by the quickening influence of the Holy Spirit which rendershim truly sanctified by making him holy and bringing him into conformity with the image of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.Yet it is not at all times easy to discern a saint except by Scriptural marks and evidences. There is nothing particular aboutthe countenance or dress of a saint to distinguish him from his fellows. The saints have faces like other men-sometimes theyare sadly marred and furrowed by cares and troubles which worldlings do not know. They wear the same kind of garments as othermen wear. They may be rich or they may be poor, but, still, there are some marks whereby we can discern them, and one of thespecial ways of discovering a saint is by his conversation. As I often tell you, you may know the quality of the water ina well by that which is brought up in the bucket-so may we tell a Christian by his conversation.

It is, however, much to be regretted that true children of the Lord often talk too little of Him. What is the conversationof half the professors of the present day? Honesty compels us to say that in many cases it is a mass of froth and falsehoodand, in many more cases, it is altogether objectionable. If it is not light and frivolous, it is utterly apart from the Gospeland does not minister Grace unto the hearers. I consider that one of the great lacks of the Church, nowadays, is not so muchChristian preaching as Christian talking-not so much Christian prayer in the Prayer Meeting, as Christian conversation inthe parlor. How little do we hear concerning Christ! You might go in and out of the houses of half the professors of religionand you would never hear of their Master at all. You might talk with them from the first of January to the last of Decemberand if they happened to mention their Master's name, it would be, perhaps, merely as a compliment to Him, or possibly by accident.Beloved, such things ought not to be! You and I, I am sure, are guilty in this matter-we all have need to reproach ourselvesthat we do not sufficiently remember the words of Malachi, "Then they that feared the Lord spoke often, one to another, andthe Lord hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before Him for them that feared the Lord, and thatthought upon His name."

Possibly some will ask, "Well, Sir, how can we talk about religion? Upon what topic shall we converse? How are we to introduceit? It would not be polite, for instance, in the company with which we associate, to begin to say anything about the Doctrinesof Grace, or about religious matters at all." Then, Beloved, do not be polite! That is all I have to say in reply to sucha remark as that. If it would be accounted contrary to etiquette to begin talking of the Savior, cast etiquette to the windsand speak about Christ somehow or other. The Christian is the aristocrat of the world. It is his place to make rules for societyto obey-not to stoop down and conform to the regulations of society when they are contrary to the commands of his Master!Christ is the great Maker of laws, the King of kings and Lord of lords-and He makes

His people also to be kings! Kings make rules for ordinary men to obey, so must Christians do. They are not to submit to others-theymust make others, by the worth of their principles and the dignity of their character, submit to them! It is speaking toolightly of a Christian's dignity when we say that he dare not do the right because it would not be fashionable We care nothingfor that, for "the fashion of this world passes away," "but he that does the will of God abides forever."

Another says, "What could I speak of? There are so few topics that would be suitable. I must not speak upon doctrinal subjects,for it would offend one of the party. They might hold different views. One might be a Wesleyan, one might be a Baptist, onemight be an Independent, one a Calvinist, one an Arminian-how could I talk so as to please all? If I spoke of Election, mostof them would attack me at once! If I began to speak of Redemption, we would soon differ on that subject, and I would notlike to engender controversy." Beloved, engender controversy rather than have wrong conversation! Better dispute over theTruth of God than agree about lies! Better, I say, is it to dispute concerning good doctrine! Far more profitable is it totalk of the Word of God, even in a controversial manner, than to turn utterly away from it and neglect it.

But, let me tell you, there is one point on which all Christians agree and that is concerning the Person, the work, and theblessed offices of our Savior. Go where you will, professors, if they are genuine Christians, will always agree with you ifyou begin to talk about your Savior-so you need not be afraid that you will provoke controversy! But supposing the mentionof your Savior's name doesprovoke dispute, then let it be provoked! And if your Master's Truth offends the gentlemen to whomyou speak of it, let them be offended! His name we must confess! Of His Glory we will continually talk, for it is writtenin our text, "They shall speak of the Glory of Your Kingdom, and talk of Your power."

Now, then, first, here is a subject for conversation- ' 'They shall speak of the Glory of Your Kingdom, and talk of Your power."Secondly, we will try to find out some causes why Christians must speak concerning this blessed subject. And then, thirdly,I will very briefly refer to the effect of our talking more of Christ's Kingdom and power

I. First, here is A SUBJECT FOR CONVERSATION. "They shall speak of the Glory of Your Kingdom, and talk of Your power." Hereare two subjects, for God, when He puts Grace into the heart, does not lack a subject upon which we shall converse!

First, we are to converse concerning the Glory of Christ's Kingdom. The Glory of Christ's Kingdom should always be a subjectof discourse to a Christian. He should always be speaking, not merely of Christ's priesthood or His prophesying, but alsoof His Kingdom which has lasted from all eternity-and especially of that glorious Kingdom of Grace in which we now live, andof that brighter kingdom of millennial Glory which soon shall come upon this world to conquer all other kingdoms and breakthem in pieces.

The Psalmist furnishes us with some divisions of this subject, all of which illustrate the Glory of Christ's Kingdom. In the12th verse he says, "To make known to the sons of men His mighty acts." The glory of a kingdom depends very much on the achievementsof that kingdom so, in speaking of the Glory of Christ's Kingdom, we are to make known His mighty acts. We think that theglory of Old England-at least, our historians would say so-rests upon the great battles she has fought and the victories shehas won. We turn over the records of the past and we see her, in one place, vanquishing thousands of Frenchmen at Agincourt.At another period we see the fleets of the Spanish Armada scattered by the breath of God. We turn to different battles andwe trace victory after victory, dotted along the page of history, and we say that this is the glory of our kingdom.

Now, Christian, when you speak of the Glory of your Master's Kingdom, you must tell something of His great victories-how Herouted Pharaoh, cut the Egyptian Rahab and wounded the dragon of the Nile. How He slew all the firstborn in one night. How,at His command, the Red Sea was divided. How the children of Israel crossed over in safety and the army of Egypt was drownedin the flood. Talk also of how God overcame Amalek and smote Moab. How He utterly cut off those nations that warred againstIsrael and caused them to pass away forever. Tell how Babylon and Nineveh were made to rue the day when God smote them withHis iron hand. Tell to the world how God has crushed great nations and overcome proud monarchs. How Sennacherib's hosts wereleft dead within their camp and how those that have risen up in rebellion against God have found His arm too mighty for theirstrength and prowess. Tell of the terrible acts of our Savior's Kingdom! Record His victories in this world. But don't stopthere! Tell how our Savior routed the devil in the wilderness when he came to tempt Him. Tell how He-

"All His foes to ruin hurled,

Sin, Satan, earth, death, Hell, the world."

Tell how He has bruised the head of Satan. Tell how death has lost his prey. Tell how Hell's deepest dungeons have been visitedand the power of the Prince of Darkness utterly cut off. Tell how antichrist himself shall sink like a millstone in the flood.Tell how false systems of superstition shall flee away like birds of night when the sun rises too brightly for their dim sightto bear. Tell all this, tell it in Askelon and in Gath! Tell it the wide world over that the Lord of Hosts is the God of battles!He is the conqueror of men and of devils. He is Master in His own dominions. Tell the Glory of His Kingdom and rehearse "Hismighty acts." Christian, exhaust that theme if you can!

Then, in speaking of the Glory of Christ's Kingdom, the next thing we talk of is its glorious majesty. The Psalmist furthersays, in the 12th verse that the saints shall not only "make known God's mighty acts, but also the glorious majesty of HisKingdom." Part of the glory of England consists not in her achievements, but in the state and majesty which surround her.In ancient times, especially, monarchs were noted for the great pomp with which they were surrounded. Thousands of houseswould be razed to the ground to find a site for one dwelling for a king. His palace must be gorgeous with riches. Its hallsmust be paved with marble and its walls set with jewels. Fountains must sparkle. There must be feather beds of the richesdown from sea ducks on which monarchs may recline. Music such as other ears do not hear. Wines from the uttermost regionsof the earth and all manner of delights are reserved for kings! Precious stones and gems adorn their crowns and everythingthat is rich and rare must be brought to deck the monarch and increase the majesty of his kingdom.

Well, Christian, when speaking of Christ's Kingdom, you are to talk of its majesty. Tell of your Savior's glorious majesty.Speak of the many crowns that He wears upon His head. Tell of the crown of Grace which He wears continually. Tell of the crownof victory which perpetually proclaims the triumphs He has won over the foe. Tell of the crown of love wherewith His Fathercrowned Him in the day of His espousals to His Church-the crown which He has won by ten thousand hearts which He has brokenand untold myriads of spirits which He has bound up. Tell to all mankind that the Glory of your Savior's majesty far exceedsthe glories of the ancient kings of Assyria and India. Tell that, before His Throne above, there stand, in glorious state,not princes, but angels! Not servants in gorgeous liveries, but cherubs, with wings of fire, waiting to obey His mighty behests!Tell that His palace is floored with gold and that He has no need of lamps, or even of the sun to enlighten it, for He Himselfis the light thereof! Tell the whole world what is the glorious majesty of His Kingdom!

But once more, Christians, in speaking of the Glory of Christ's Kingdom, you must talk of its duration, for much of the honorof the kingdom depends upon the time it has lasted. In verse 13 the Psalmist says, "Your Kingdom is an everlasting Kingdom,and Your dominion endures throughout all generations." If one should say to you, concerning an earthly monarch, "Our kingsits upon a throne which his ancestors have occupied for many generations," tell him that a thousand years are to your Kingbut as one day! If another tells you that his king has crowns which were worn by kings a thousand years ago, smile in hisface and tell him that a thousand years are as nothing in Christ's sight. When they speak of the antiquity of churches, tellthem that you belong to a very ancient Church. If they talk to you of the venerable character of the religion which they profess,tell them that you believe in a very venerable religion, for yours is a religion which was from everlasting. Christ's Kingdomwas set up long before this world was brought forth-when as yet neither sun, nor moon, nor stars had been created-Christ'sKingdom was firmly established! I wish Christians would more often talk about the Glory of their Master's Kingdom with regardto the time it has lasted. If you would begin to talk of the past history of Gods Church, you would never have to exclaim,"I have said all that can be said about it, and I have nothing more to say." You would need eternity to keep on going back,back, back, until you came to God alone! And then you might say-

"In His mighty breast I see, Eternal thoughts of love to me."

Then you may speak concerning the future duration of your Master's Kingdom. I suppose if you were to talk much about the SecondComing of Christ, you would be laughed at. You would be thought diseased in your brain, for nowadays there are so few whoreceive that great Truth of God, that if we speak of it with much enthusiasm, people turn away, and say, "Ah, we do not knowmuch about that subject, but Mr. So-and-So has turned his brain through thinking so much about it." Men are, therefore, half-afraidto speak of such a subject, but, Beloved, we are not afraid to talk of it, for

Christ's Kingdom is an everlasting Kingdom, and we may talk of the Glory of the future as well as of the past! Some say thatChrist's Church is in danger. There aremany churches that are in danger-and the sooner they tumble down, the better! But theChurch of Christ has a future that shall never end. It has a future that shall never become dim. It has a future which shalleternally progress in Glory. Her Glory now is the glory of the morning twilight-it soon shall be the glory of the blazingnoon. Her riches now are but the riches of the newly-opened mine-soon she shall have riches much more abundant and far morevaluable than any she has at present. She is now young, but, by-and-by, she will come, not to her dotage, but to her maturity.She is like a fruit that is ripening, a star that is rising, a sun that is shining more and more unto the perfect day-andsoon she will blaze forth in all her Glory, "fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and terrible as an army with banners." OChristian, here is a topic worthy of your conversation! Talk of the Glory of your Master's Kingdom. Often speak of it whileothers amuse themselves with stories of sieges and battles. While they are speaking of this or that or the other event inhistory, tell them the history of the monarchy of the King of Kings! Speak to them concerning the fifth great monarchy inwhich Jesus Christ shall reign forever and ever!

But I must not forget to briefly hint at the other subject of the saints' conversation-"and shall talk of Your power "It isnot simply of Christ's Kingdom of which we are to speak, but also of His power. Here, again, the Psalmist gives us somethingwhich will help us to a division of our subject. In the 14th and 15th verses, mention is made of three kinds of power of whichwe ought to speak-"The Lord upholds all that fall, and raises up all those that are bowed down. The eyes of all wait uponYou; and You give them their meat in due season."

First, the Christian should speak of Christ's upholding power What a strange expression this is, "The Lord upholds all thatfall!" Yet remember John Bunyan's quaint old saying-

"He that is down needs fear no fall;

He that is low, no pride;

He that is humble, ever shall

Have God to be his guide."

So David Says, "The Lord upholds all that fall." What a singular expression! How can He hold up those that fall? Yet thosethat fall, in this sense, are the only persons that stand! It is a remarkable paradox, but it is true. The man who standson his feet and says, "I am mighty-I am strong enough to stand alone"-down he will go! But he who falls into Christ's arms,he who says-

"But, oh! for this no power have I, My strength is at Your feet to lie"-

that man shall not fall! We may well talk, then, of Christ's upholding power. Tell it to Christians-tell how He kept you whenyour feet were going swiftly to Hell. Tell how, when fierce temptations beset you, your Master drove them all away. Tell how,when the enemy was watching, He compassed you with His mighty strength. Tell how, when the arrows fell thickly around you,His mighty arm did hold the shield before you and so preserved you from them all. Tell how He saved you from death and deliveredyour feet from falling by making you, first of all, fall down prostrate before Him!

Next, talk of His exalting power-"He raises up all those that are bowed down." Oh, how sweet it is, Beloved, sometimes totalk of God's exalting power after we have been bowed down! I love to come into this pulpit and talk to you as I would inmy own room. I make no pretensions to preaching at all, but simply tell you what I happen to feel just now. Oh, how sweetit is to feel the raisings of God's Grace when you have been bowed down! Cannot some of us tell that when we have been boweddown beneath a bed of affliction, so that we could not even move, the everlasting arms have been around us and have liftedus up? When Satan has put his foot on our back, and we have said, "We shall never be raised up any more," the Lord has cometo our rescue! If we were only to talk on that subject in our conversation with one another, no Christian need have spiritlessconversation in his parlor! But nowadays you are so afraid to speak of your own experience and the mercy of God to you, thatyou will talk any stuff and nonsense rather than that! I beseech you, if you would do good in the world, rehearse God's deedsof raising up those that are bowed down.

Moreover, talk of God's providing power-"The eyes of all wait upon You; and You give them their meat in due season." We oughtoften to speak of how God provides for His creatures in Providence. Why should we not tell how God has taken us out of povertyand made us rich? Or, if He has not done that for us, how He has supplied our needs day by day in an almost miraculous manners?Some persons object to such a book as Huntington's, "Bank of Faith," and I have heard some respectable people call it, "TheBank of Nonsense." Ah, if they had ever been brought into Huntington's con-

dition, they would see that it was, indeed, a bank of faith, and not a bank of nonsense-the nonsense is in those who readit in their unbelieving hearts, not in the book, itself! And he who has been brought into many straits and trials-and hasbeen Divinely delivered out of them-would find that he could write a "Bank of Faith" as good as Huntington's if he liked todo so, for he has had as many deliverances and he could write of the mighty acts of God who has opened His hands and suppliedthe needs of His needy child! Many of you have been out of work and you have cried to God to furnish you with employment-andHe has! Have you not sometimes been brought so low, through painful affliction, that you could not rest? And could you notafterwards say, "I was brought low and He helped me"? Yes, "I was brought low, and He helped me out of my distress!" Yes,I see some of you nodding your heads, as much as to say, "We are the men who have passed through that experience. We havebeen brought into great straits, but the Lord has delivered us out of them


Then do not be ashamed to tell the story! Let the world hear that God provides for His people! Go, speak of your Father. Doas the child does, who, when he has a little cake given to him, will take it out and say, "Father gave me this." Do so withallyour mercies! Go and tell all the world that you have a good Father, a gracious Father, a heavenly Provider! And thoughHe gives you a hand-basket portion and you only live from hand to mouth, yet tell how graciously He gives it-and that youwould not change your blest estate for all the world calls good or great!


One cause is that it is the Kingdom of their own King. We do not expect French people to talk much about the victories ofthe English. And I suppose there is no Russian who would pay very many compliments to the prowess of our arms. But they willall talk about their own monarchs. Well, that is the reason why a Christian should speak of the Glory of his Master's Kingdomand tell of His power because it is the Kingdom of his own King. Jesus Christ may be or may not be another man's King, but,certainly He is mine! He is the Monarch to whom I yield absolute submission. I am no longer an alien and a stranger, but Iam one of His subjects and I will talk concerning Him because He is my King.

Secondly, the Christian must talk of the King's victories, because all those victories were won for him. He recollects thathis Master never fought a battle for Himself-never slew an enemy for Himself. He slew them all for His people. And if forme-a poor abject worm-my Savior did this, shall I not talk of the Glory of His Kingdom, when He won all that glory for me?Will I not speak of His power, when all that power was exercised for me? It was all for me! When He died, He died for me.When He suffered, He suffered for me. And when He led captivity captive, He did it for me. Therefore, I must and will speakof His dear name! I cannot help testifying to the Glory of His Grace in whatever company I may be.

Again, the Christian must talk of it, because he himself has had a good share in fighting some of the battles. You know howold soldiers will "shoulder their crutch and tell how fields were won." The soldier, home from the Crimea, when he reads theaccounts of the war, says, "Ah, I know that trench! I worked in it myself. I know the Redan-I was one of the men who attackedit." He is interested because he had a share in the battle. "Quorum pars magna fuji" said the old soldier, in the days ofVirgil. So we, if we have had a part in the battle, like to talk concerning it. And, Beloved, it is this which makes our battlesdear to us-we help to fight them. Though there was one battle which our great Captain fought alone, and "of the people therewas none with Him," yet, in other victories, He has permitted His people to help crush the dragon's head. Remember that youhave been a soldier in the army of the Lord and that, in the Last Day, when He gives away the medals in Heaven, you will haveone! When He gives away the crowns, you will have one. We can talk about the battles, for we were in them! We can speak ofthe victories, for we helped to win them! It is to our own praise as well as to our Master's when we talk of His wondrousacts!

But the best reason why the Christian should talk of his Master is this-if he has Christ in his heart, the Truth of God mustcome out-he cannot help it. The best reason in all the world is the woman's reason, who said she should do it because shewould do it. So it often happens that the Christian cannot give us much reason why he must talk about his Savior except thathe cannot help it, and he will not try to help it! It is in him, and it must come out. If God has put a fire inside a man'sheart, do you think it can be kept down? If we have Grace in our souls, will it never come out in conversation? God does notput His candles in lanterns through which they cannot be seen, but He sets them on candlesticks. He does not build His citiesin valleys, but He puts them on hills so that they cannot be hid. So He will not allow His Grace to be concealed.

A Christian cannot help being discovered. None of you ever knew a secret Believer-a secret Christian. "Oh," you say, "I amsure I have known such a man." But look, he could not have been a secret Believer! If you knew him, he could not be whollysecret! The fact that you knew him proves that he could not have been a secret Christian. If a man says that nobody knowsa thing and yet he knows it, he contradicts himself. You cannot, then, know a secret Believer, and you never will. There maybe, indeed, some who are secret for a time, but they always have to come out, like Joseph of Ari-mathaea, when he went andbegged for the body of Jesus. Ah, there are some of you sitting in your pews who fancy I shall never discover you, but I shallsee you in the vestry, by-and-by! Some of you keep on coming Sunday after Sunday, and you say, "Well, I must go, by-and-by,and make a profession of faith." Yes, you will not be able to sit there long-if you have the Grace of God within you, youwill be obliged to come out and put on the Lord Jesus Christ by being baptized in His name! Why not do so without furtherdelay? If you love your Lord's name, come out at once, and acknowledge it!



The first effect would be that the world would believe us more. The world says, "What a parcel of hypocrites Christian peopleare!" And they are about right concerning a good many of you. The world says, "Why, just look at them! They profess a dealof religion, but if you hear them talk, they do not speak differently from other people. They sing loudly enough, it is true,when they go to church or chapel, but when do you hear them sing at home? They go to the Prayer Meeting, but have they a PrayerMeeting at their own family altar? Believe them to be Christians? No! Their lives give the lie to their doctrines and we donot believe them." If we more often talked of Christ, I am sure the world would think us to be better Christians and theywould, no doubt, say so.

Again, if our conversations were more concerning Christ, we, as Christians, should grow faster and be more happy What is thereason of the bickering and jealousies between Christians? It is because they do not know one another. Mr. Jay used to tella story about a man going out, one foggy morning, and seeing something coming in the fog. He thought it was a monster. But,by-and-by, as he came nearer, he exclaimed, "Oh, dear me! That's my Brother John!" So it often happens, when we see peopleat a distance and hold no spiritual conversation with them, we think they are monsters. But when we begin to talk togetherand get near to one another, we say, "Why, it is Brother John, after all!" There are more true Brothers and Sisters aboutus than we dream of. Then, I say, let your conversation, in all companies, wherever you may be, be so seasoned with salt thata man may know you to be a Christian. In this way, you would remove bickering better than by all the sermons that could bepreached-and be promoting a true Evangelical Alliance far more excellent and efficient than all the alliances which man canform!

Again, if we more often talked of Christ like this, how useful we might be in the salvation of souls!O Beloved, how few soulshave some of you won to Christ! It says, in the Canticles, "There is not one barren among them." But are not some of you barren-withoutspiritual children? It was pronounced as a curse upon one of old that he should die childless. Oh, I think that though theChristian is always blessed, it is half a curse to die spiritually childless! There are some of you who are childless tonight.You never were the means of the conversion of a soul in all your lives. You hardly remember having tried to win anyone forthe Savior. You are good religious people so far as your outward conduct is concerned. You go to the House of God, but younever concern yourselves about winning souls for Jesus! O my God, let me die when I can no longer be the means of saving souls!If I can be kept out of Heaven a thousand years, if you will give me souls as my wages, let me still speak for You! But ifthere are no more sinners to be converted-no more to be brought in by my ministry-then let me depart and be "with Christ,which is far better."

Oh, think of the crowns that are in Heaven! "They that are wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they thatturn many to righteousness as the stars forever and ever." So many souls, so many gems! Have you ever thought what it wouldbe to wear in Heaven a starless crown? All the saints will have crowns, but those who win souls will have a star in theircrown for every soul! Some of you, my Friends, will wear a crown without a star-would you like that? You will be happy, youwill be blessed, you will be satisfied, I know, when you will be there, but can you bear the thought of dying childless-ofhaving none in Heaven who shall be begotten unto Christ by you-never having travailed in birth for souls-never having broughtany to Christ? How can you bear to think of it?

Then, if you would win souls, Beloved, talk about Jesus! There is nothing like talking of Him to lead others to Him. I readof the conversion of a servant, the other day. She was asked how she came to know the Lord. "Well," she said, "my

master, at dinner, happened to make some simple observation to his sister across the table." The remark certainly was notaddressed to the servant-and her master had no notion that she was listening-yet his word was blessed to her! It is well totalk behind the door that which you do not mind hearing afterwards in the street! It is good to speak that in the closet whichyou are not ashamed to listen to from the housetop, for you will have to listen to it from the housetop, by-and-by, when Godshall come and call you to account for every idle word you have spoken!

Souls are often converted through godly conversation. Simple words frequently do more good than long sermons. Disjointed,unconnected sentences are often of more use than the most finely polished periods or rounded sentences. If you would be useful,let the praises of Christ be always on your tongue. Let Him live on your lips. Speak of Him always! When you walk by the way,when you sit in your house, when you rise up and even when you lie down, it may be that you have someone to whom it is possiblethat you may yet whisper the Gospel of the Grace of God! Many a sister has been brought to know the Savior by a sister's pleadingsthat were only heard in the silence of the night. God give you, Beloved, to fulfill our text-"They shall speak of the Gloryof Your Kingdom, and talk of Your power." They shall do it, mark you-God will make you do itif you are His people. Go anddo it willingly! Begin, from this time forth, and keep on doing it forever!

Say, concerning other conversation, Be gone from here! Be gone! This shall be my constant and only theme. Be like the harpof old Anacreon which would never sound any other note but that of love. The harpist wished to sing of Cadmus and of mightymen of wisdom, but his harp would resound of love alone. Be, then, like Anacreon's harp-sing of Christ alone! Christ alone!Christ alone! Jesus, Jesus only! Make Him the theme of your conversation, for "they shall speak of the Glory of Your Kingdom,and talk of Your power." God give you Grace so to do, for Christ's sake! Amen.


Verses 1, 2. By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yes, we wept, when we rememberedZion. We hanged our harps upon thewillows in the midst thereof Babylon was full of canals and rivers. The captive Israelites sought out lonely places wherethey might be away from their oppressors and might, in the company of their countrymen, pour out the sad stream of their griefsand sorrows. "The rivers of Babylon" seemed congenial to them and they mingled their tears with the flowing waters. They "satdown" as if they felt they were to be there a long while and were not soon to go back to their own land. And they "wept"-notsimply because of their banishment and their woes, but also because of the mournful condition of their beloved Zion, whichhad been ravaged by the Chaldeans, plowed as a field and given over to desolation. Some of these poor captives had been singersin the courts of the Lord's House which had been burnt with fire. And others had brought their "harps" with them into theircaptivity, but they could not find any music in their hearts and, therefore, they fetched no sweet notes out of their harpstrings. They did not break their harps, however, for they might need them some day, so they hung them up on the weeping willowswhich abounded by the water. Then came one of the sharpest trials they had ever had-a piece of bitter cruelty on the partof their oppressors who had no compassion upon the poor prisoners whom they had taken from their own land.

3. For there they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us required of us mirth, saying,Sing us one of the songs of Zion. As no cups except those that were taken out of God's holy House would do for Belshazzarwhen he wanted to make himself drunk, so no music would suit these heathen captors of Israel but the songs of God's House-"Singus one of the songs of Zion." These poor people were crestfallen and utterly broken, yet their enemies cried," Make mirthfulmusic for us, sing us one of your sacred songs." They only wanted to laugh at it, or, at the very best, to listen to it simplyas a piece of music that they might criticize, so they said, "Sing us one of the songs of Zion." But the captives could notand would not sing for any such purpose. Zion's songs were not meant to be sung for mere amusement, nor were her chants intendedto be made the theme of mockery and ridicule by the ungodly.

4, 5. How shall we sing the LORD'Ssong in a strange land? IfI forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning.' 'No," they said, "if we were to make mirth for the Babylonians, we would be doing serious damage to Zion, we should be traitorsto Jerusalem." So the harpers said, "Sooner than we will play a tune to make mirth for you, let our right hands become paralyzed."

6. If I do not remember you, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth. They said it, each one, for himself-they wouldsooner be dumb than sing these sacred songs for the amusement of the ungodly revelers who had gathered round them. Insteadof a song, they offered a prayer which must have sounded terrible in the ears of those who mocked them. It was a fierce prayer-aprayer made under a very different dispensation from that under which we live-a prayer by a patriot who had seen his wifemurdered and his children dashed to pieces-and he prayed thus-

6, 7. If I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy. Remember, O LORD, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said,Raze it, raze it, even to the foundation!Those Edomites, who ought to have been like brothers to the Jews, were their mostferocious enemies, and they stirred up the Chaldeans to be more terribly cruel than they otherwise would have been.

8, 9. O daughter of Babylon, who are to be destroyed: happy shall the one who repays you as you have served us. Happy shallbe the one who takes and dashes your little ones against the stones. For these people had gone all over the world, whereverthey could, murdering and mutilating. Tens of thousands of little children had they brutally killed, multitudes of women hadthey ravished, a vast number of cities had they destroyed! They were the scourges of all nations and, therefore, moved torighteous indignation, the Jews felt that anybody who should overthrow that city of Babylon and put to death its inhabitantswould be doing good service to the rest of mankind. And, mark you, all this came to pass in due time. When Cyrus turned asidethe waters of the river which had been Babylon's great protection, and left the riverbed quite dry, he marched his troopsright into the center of the city! And when the Babylonians, to defend themselves and a part of the city, were driven to greatstraits, we are told by historians that they destroyed their own wives and children, calling them useless mouths, that theymight be able to defend themselves a little longer from the sword of Cyrus, so that, literally, it came to pass that the manwho had destroyed his own children thought himself happy to be rid of them that he might maintain the fight.

How dreadful is God when He deals with nations that have been cruel and ferocious! Go to Babylon this day, and see what ruinousheaps He has made, what desolation He has worked in that land.