Sermon 2662. Some Marks of God's People

(No. 2662)

INTENDED FOR READING ON LORD'S-DAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1900.

DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON, ON LORD'S-DAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 10, 1882.

"Your God has commanded your strength: Strengthen, O God, what You have done for us." Psalm 68:28.

DEAR Friends, at this time there is a special stir among the people. I know, from what I have seen and heard, that many arebeginning to seek the Lord and others, who are not yet actually turning unto the Lord, are at least resolved to break offcertain grosser sins and seek after something better. Well, there is something to be thankful for even in the waves of hungerpains which the prodigal feels before he says, "I will arise and go to my Father." I value even the pains he has to endurewhen he would gladly fill his belly with the husks that the swine eat. Before we can pronounce anyone's experience to be proofof the working of God's Grace, we are glad if we see any signs of what usually comes when Grace enters the heart. So I amthankful when an ungodly man says, "It is time I changed my course," for I trust that this is the first chipping upon themarble block-and that the great Sculptor, who fashions us in His own glorious image, will carry on the work and complete itto His own praise!

Just now, when I see these signs of a stir among the people, I think it is my business to repeat the exhortation I have oftengiven, "Make sure work of the change you are contemplating-make sure work for eternity! Do not put up with anything that willfail you at the last. If you are looking for something better than you already possess, mind that you get the best that isto be had." No, more, I would bid you give heed to our Lord's own words, "I counsel you to buy of Me gold tried in the fire,that you may be rich; and white raiment, that you may be clothed, and that the shame of your nakedness does not appear; andanoint your eyes with eye salve, that you may see." Mind that you buy all these things of Christ, for the terms on which youmay have them are "without money and without price"-and you cannot get them anywhere else! I hope I am now addressing somewho are saying, "We shall be glad and grateful if you will help us to judge as to our true condition and aid us to see whetherwe are Christians or not." That is what I am going to try to do tonight.

The verse before my text describes God's ancient people when they were assembled in the order of their tribes. "There is littleBenjamin with their ruler, the princes of Judah and their council, the princes of Zebulun, and the princes of Naphtali." Theybelonged to various tribes of the children of Israel, but they were all numbered among the Lord's people. And it is said ofthe whole of them, as if they were but one, "Your God has commanded your strength." These words apply to all the armies ofIsrael, so you and I, dear Friends, had better consider and see whether we belong to His armies or not.

I. From our text, I learn that the first mark of the people of God is that THE LORD IS THEIR GOD.

Notice, the first two words-"Your God." This proves that they have a God. We cannot be God's people unless we know His nameand know that He is the living and true God-and that all the rest of the so-called gods are but fictions or idols of the heathen!There is one God who made Heaven and earth, the sea and all that is therein. There is one God who has made us and from whomthe breath in our nostrils has come. There is one God who has ruled in all past history and who is still the God of Providence,the Preserver and Director of His chosen people-the one God who, in the fullness of time, sent His only-begotten Son, whowas equal with Himself, but who lived and died that the guilty sons of men might have their sins pardoned and their wanderingfeet directed back to the great Father's house. The God of the Old

Testament and the God of the New-the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob-the God and Father of our Lord and Savior JesusChrist! "This God is our God forever and ever: He will be our Guide even unto death."

First, God's people believe in this God. If any do not believe in Him, they may call themselves what they please, but theyare not the people of the living God! They may be the people of philosophy. They may be the people of the many dreams whichmen dream, nowadays, instead of believing in God, but they are not His people. I hope, Beloved, that we have no question aboutthis matter and that we can say, without the slightest hesitation, "Yes, Jehovah, He is the God; Jehovah, He is the God."

He becomes our God, then, first, by our belief in Him, and next, by our reliance upon Him. This God is not merely an influence!Certainly, He is not a fiction. He is a real Person with whom we may speak and who will hear us and answer us according toHis wisdom and goodness. The Apostle truly wrote, "God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past untothe fathers by the Prophets has, in these last days, spoken unto us by His Son." And He is still speaking to us, through Him,words of Grace, love and kindness. And He becomes our God, I repeat, when, believing in Him, we come and rely upon Him-implicitlytrusting Him that, seeing we are sinful, He may cleanse us. That, seeing we are ignorant, He may teach us. That, seeing weare feeble, we may lay hold upon His strength and may thereby be preserved unto everlasting life!

Let me ask all of you whom I am addressing-Are you trusting the living God? You know what it is, as a child, to trust yourparents. As a friend, to trust a friend. Are you dealing just in that way with God? Then, are you relying upon Him, dependingupon Him-especially relying upon Him as He is revealed in Jesus Christ, His Son, the sin-atoning Savior? If you are, you areHis people! If you are not-whatever you may do, or be, or say, or think-you are not numbered among the people of God! Faithis the distinguishing mark of His elect. Where it is present, there is Grace and Truth. Where it is absent, the soul is deadin trespasses and sins.

How does God yet further become my God? By my love to Him. As the result of having trusted Him, I find myself peaceful, happy,restful. I receive at His hands, pardon, and I know it is mine. I get love from Him and I feel it-and I love Him in return.This is another of the marks of the Lord's people. The true child of God loves God! There are many men who are, to a certainextent, religious because they feel bound to be so by a law which they cannot resist. Ah, but we are not under law-we areunder Grace-and we obey the commands of God because we love to do so! No man, who takes pleasure in sin, is a child of God,for the new nature hates sin! And though, alas, through the influence of the old naturewhich still remains within us, we areimperfect and often transgress the Law of the Lord, yet it is not our delight and we grieve that it should ever be the casewith us. If a child of God falls into sin, he is like a sheep in the mud-up again, directly! But he who is still ungodly islike the sow that falls in the mud and wallows in it, for he is in his element-and he delights in it.

There is a very important thing to be observed in connection with this point. That is that our love to God is one of the chiefqualifications for serving Him acceptably. He who serves God out of love to Him, is the one who really and truly serves Him.The Lord of Love, the great King eternal, immortal, invisible, needs no slaves to grace His Throne! He wants those to do Hisbidding who serve Him with delight and pleasure. There is such a thing as self-denial ceasing to be self-denial when a mantakes such pleasure in denying himself, for Christ's sake, that the self-denial is a greater source of joy to him than theindulgence would have been-and that is just what true service for God is! Have I come here, tonight, because I am paid todo it? Or do I preach the Gospel with regret and loathing? Ah, no! The Gospel is as much my elements as the sea is the elementof the fish. What else could I preach? Silent be this tongue forever, sooner than I should have anything to teach concerningthe way of salvation except Jesus Christ and Him crucified, and His mighty mercy received by faith! Do not, many of you, Beloved,feel just the same as I do? We know that we are children of God and that He is our God because we love Him-and that love hasput a new mainspring within us which moves our hands and all the wheels of our nature as they ought to be moved.

How, next, does He become our God still more clearly? By our acknowledgement of Him when we come forward and say, "Let othersdo what they will, but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord." And when we say, "God has set forth His Son, JesusChrist, to be the Savior of sinners, we accept Him as our Savior and with our mouth we confess that we have done so. Let menhear it, let angels hear it, let devils hear it-it matters not to us how many hear our confession that we are set apart forGod and for His Christ!" Our Christian profession is not a profession of perfection. No, no! It is

not a profession that we are, in and of ourselves, any better than other people. But it does mean that we have believed inJesus Christ unto the renewal of our nature and the salvation of our souls. He who has had that great work of Grace done inhim and for him ought to say-and say at once-"This God is my God forever and ever; He shall be my Guide even unto death."Let us be branded with the name of God! Let, us, Beloved, who have believed in Jesus, be God's people and God's, alone! Andon all suitable occasions let us confess the blessed fact that we are not our own, for we are "bought with a price"-that pricebeing more than we can ever calculate, even the precious blood of Jesus, God's dear Son!

Genuine people of God, then, have the Lord to be their God according to the first two words of our text, "Your God." And,oh, Beloved, I have scarcely time to tell you in what a sweet way we get personal possession of God. After having trustedHim, relied upon Him, loved Him and confessed that we belong to Him, we get to be as conscious of His Presence as we are ofthe air we breathe! We are freely able to converse with Him and feel within our spirit that He is listening to what we sayto Him-and that He is speaking back to us. "Oh," says someone, "I do not believe that is possible!" Friend, you may do asyou like about believing what I say, but, at any rate, if you have never enjoyed this experience, that does not prove thatthere is no such thing! We are as honest as you are and we have as much right to be believed as you have. If we were beforea jury, we would be as good witnesses as you would be! We are not liars and we do solemnly declare that God's Presence isso consciously realized by us that we are certain that in Him "we live, move, and have our being." And we believe that spiritualcommunications-communications from the Holy Spirit-are frequent with us, checking us when we might fall into sin, stimulatingus when we would be laggard, enlightening us when we are in difficulty and, sometimes, bearing us upward, as on eagles' wings,till we seem to get into the very vestibule of Heaven, and could scarcely be happier than we are, or else, I think, we mustdie! Oh, yes, there is a God! We who believe in Jesus have this God as ours and we will rejoice in Him!

That, then, is the first mark of the Lord's people-the Lord is their God.

II. A second mark of the Lord's people is given in our text. Read the whole of the first sentence and you will see that hewho feels that God has called upon him, to serve him with all his strength, is one of the Lord's servants-"Your God has commandedyour strength." That is to say, ALL THE STRENGTH OF A CHRISTIAN-physically, mentally, morally, spiritually-IS AT GOD'S DISPOSAL.

A true Christian acknowledges that all he has, and the best of all that he has, should always be consecrated and dedicatedto his Lord. First, we are heartily to obey God's commands. There is no part of our strength that we may reserve for ourselves-itall belongs to our Lord. We are to be like a soldier who, when he goes to war, thinks of nothing but how he shall dischargehis duties so as to please his commanding officer.

Now, my dear Hearer, is that the case with you? Has God commanded your strengths. "Well, Sir, I go to church. I go to chapel.I profess to be a Christian." Yes, yes, yes, but there may he nothing in all that-has God the absolute and sole command ofyou? Is He your Commander-in-Chief? Has he come and taken possession of that strong will of yours and made it subject to Hiswill? And if He has made you to be a man strong in faith, fervent in love, brave in holy daring and great in patience, doyou desire to have all those forces used for His Glory, and His Glory alone? If not, you are not one of God's people! But,if you do hold all your powers at His disposal, that is one of the marks of His people-and the more clear it is, the better!Beloved, God is to be served by us with all our heart and with all our mind-and with all our soul and all our strength.

After this fashion, also, we should fervently pray to Him. Oh, what poor prayers some people pray, when they bow their headsfor a moment as they come into the House of God! Often, there is no prayer at all in it and it is the same when they kneeldown by their bedside, nearly asleep, or when they get up in the morning rather late and the bell is ringing for breakfastand they hurry down-yet they call that prayer! Listen to the text, my Friends-"Your God has commanded your strength." Takethe pick of the day for prayer if you can! If you are half asleep at other things, be wide awake then! It is the best timefor trading that you ever have-see that you make good use of it. This is the most noble exercise, except one, in which youcan be engaged-get all the good that you can out of it! When you go up to the mountain, like Elijah on the top of Carmel,bring all the powers of your heart, mind and soul to bear upon this privileged occupation, and cry mightily unto God! Half-heartedprayers ask for a denial and usually get it. Pray as if you meant to be heard! Pray as he, who is starving, asks for bread,or for a drink of water if he is dying of thirst! Plead as he does who pleads for his life, for this is the way to prevailwith God! Effectual fervent prayers bombard the gates of pearl and the Kingdom of Heaven is

carried by the violence of that importunity which will not take a denial! "Your God has commanded your strength." Oh, formore of this kind of prayer!

And the same strength ought to go out when we praise God. Never ought our heart to be more energetic than when we say, "Blessedbe His holy name!" And when we are singing in company with others, then we should also praise the Lord with joyous heartiness.I love to hear the bright, gladsome songs of people who really sing with their souls as well as with their voices. I havebeen in some congregations where, during the hymns, I have thought I needed a microphone to enable me to hear what they weresinging, for they sang so very softly. Pull out the stops of your organ and let the music fly abroad, for, "your God has commandedyour strength."

In a similar fashion, we should earnestly labor for the Lord. In the great warfare which we have now to wage against the world,the flesh and the devil, let us give to God the whole of our strength! Some people are said to work so hard for Christ thatthey wear themselves out. What a blessed consummation that must be! To wear ourselves away in our Master's service-to letthe zeal of God's House eat us up-is the very best thing that can happen to us! I am sorry to say that I do not meet withmany people who are too zealous. Some areso because they have not much brain, and what little they have easily catches fire.Very well, my Brother, if that is your case, burn away! There are some, however, who have more brains, but they seem to keepthem very damp, so they never get thoroughly alight. But he who serves God aright should burn if he does not blaze, thoughit is better to be a burning and a shining light, as John the Baptist was. There should be a red, ruby-like heat in the verycenter of our soul. If there are no sparks and flames, yet should our heart be on fire for God. God never meant us to do Hiswork half-heartedly-He wishes each of His people to feel and say, "My God has commanded my strength, and He shall have it."

And, lastly under this head, let us give God our strength by living wholly to Him in our ordinary life. I t is a great mistaketo make a division between what is "sacred" and what is "secular" in a Christian's life. You are not only to serve God whenyou worship Him in this Tabernacle or in any other House of Prayer, you are to equally serve Him tomorrow morning when youtake the shutters down from your shop windows! Pray to God, as you do so, "O Lord, take my shutters down and enlighten mydarkness! I know that this day I cannot prosper without Your blessing. I mean to work hard at my business, but it is vainto rise early and to sit up late, unless You bless my effort. Lord, be with Your servant all the day long!" Here comes thefirst customer. Now pray the Lord that you may not say anything to him but what is right, and ask God to give you an opportunityof saying a good word to him about the Lord Jesus Christ! Here come half a dozen customers all at once! Now, you young men,pray the Lord to enable you to attend to your business as you ought to do it so as really to serve those who employ you-"notwith eye-service, as men-pleasers, but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart" even while you areserving your earthly employer!

All day long there are opportunities for glorifying God if man really wishes to do it. If the Spirit of God is with you allday, you will feel and say to yourself, "I will give to God all my strength. These things down here-this measuring out, eitherby yards or by bushels-this buying and this selling-must be done by somebody and I must, by some means, earn my bread by thesweat of my brow, or the sweat of my brain. And as this is what God has given me to do, I will do it thoroughly, with a singleeye to His Glory, so that no one shall ever be able to truthfully say that Christianity makes me, in any respect, a worseman than I was before I knew the Lord." "Your God has commanded your strength," so live unto God in everything! Let your mealsbe sacraments! Let your garments be vestments! Let your common utterances be a part of a great life-Psalm! And let your wholebeing be as a burnt-offering ascending unto the Most High, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ! Oh, for the power of theSpirit of God to help you to do this!

III. The next part of the verse will show you, dear Friends, that God's people are known by this sign-THEY ASCRIBE TO HIMALL THAT IS GOOD IN THEM AND IN THEIR FELLOW MEN. Let me read you the latter part of

the text, "Strengthen, O God, what You have worked in us."

This applies, first, to the steps which lead to conversion-"That which You have worked for us." There is no prayer, here,about what we have worked for ourselves, for that is all mischief and evil which needs to be forgiven and undone. The soonerall that nature spins is unraveled, the better. What God works is worth having worked for us and in us! There are some peoplewho have very crude and false ideas about what the work of God is in the soul. I heard one say that the sinner is to takethe first step towards salvation and then good will do the rest. But I have often said and now say it, again, that the firststep is the one point of difficulty! You know the French story about Saint Denis, whose head was cut

off, and then it was said that he picked it up and carried it in his hands for a thousand miles? That was what the priestsof the Church of Rome declared, but one of Voltaire's followers very wittily remarked that, as for the thousand miles, therewas no difficulty in that-it was only the first step that had any difficulty in it-if the saint could manage that part, therest would be easy enough! And it is just so in the matter of salvation! If the dead man can pick his own head up-if the deadsinner can make himself alive-why, then he can do very well without God the rest of the way to Heaven! But that can neverbe, for Jesus Christ is Alpha as well as Omega-the first as well as the last in the sinner's salvation. And we may constantlysay to Him-

"No sinner can be beforehand with Thee! Grace is most sovereign, most rich and most free."

No, further. Not only does God begin it, but it is He who carries it on. If ever the work of Grace were to stop at a certainpoint and the rest of it were to be the work of nature, that linsey-woolsey garment would be unfit for a child of God to wear!Yes, and what is more, the work which God has begun, He must finish, too. If He has left anything to our unaided strength,we shall fall in that particular point-and all of it will become faulty and useless. The true people of God are resting, forthe whole of their salvation, upon the Triune Jehovah-upon the Father's love, upon the Son's redemption and upon the Spirit'seffectual work upon the heart and conscience. It must be all of God and all of Grace, from the first even to the last-andthey are the true people of God who feel and know this.

Let me speak to some of you who have been taking the pledge lately. That is a very right thing to do. I wish that all didit, but that will not save you. The salvation of the soul is God's work and you must come to Him for it. "But, supposing Iabstain for the future, will not all be right?" Certainly not! What about the times when you have been drunk? "Oh, well, ofcourse, the pledge will not wipe out that sin." No, it will not. If you are a thief, would you tell the magistrates that theymust not punish you because you are not going to steal again? "No," they would say, "we must punish you for what you havedoner There are all your past sins and only the Lord Jesus Christ can blot them out.

Perhaps a man says, "But, if I abstain from sin in the future, will not that do?" No, it will not. You owe your grocer a longbill, do you not? Call upon him and tell him that you cannot pay a halfpenny of the debt, but that you are not going to getinto any more debt. "Oh," says he, "but that will not do for me! There is a County Court somewhere and I shall get a summonsfor you to appear there." So, if you go to God and say, "I am not going to sin in this way any more," He will not believeyou, but if He did, He would say, "What about the past?" "God requires what is past." There is the stain of your past sinupon you-how can that be removed? Not by your tears. If you could shed an Atlantic full of tears, yet might the red spot ofyour sin turn every wave to carmine and the fatal spot would still be upon you. Nothing but the blood of Jesus can wash youclean and none are God's people but those who know that-and who come to Him for salvation, cleansing and everything else-andwho commit themselves, body, soul and spirit, unto Him.

IV. Now, lastly, the fourth mark of God's people is that THEY PRAY TO HIM FOR THEIR STABILITY. "Strengthen, O God, what Youhave done for us."

What is a man's strength? Some think that their strength lies in their resolution. "Now," says one, "I have said it, and Iwill keep to it. You know, I am not a man who is easily turned from his purpose. I have made up my mind and I will do it."Yes, I have known several who have made up their mind, but it did not come to much when they had made it up. And I have knowna great many persons promise and, having done that half a dozen times before and broken their promise every time, it did notcome to much when that was done! "Oh," says one, "do not think that I shall act like that! I pledge myself to act differently."Yes, yes, and when a man has not a halfpenny in his pocket and he pledges himself that he will be a millionaire, I think tomyself, "All right, but he had better not begin spending any of it yet."

A soldier puts on his armor to go out to fight-he has his helmet on his head and leg armor of brass on his legs, a breastplateand all the rest of the armor. "Am I not a brave fellow?" he asks. When you come back, you may be, but not just yet. RememberAhab's message to Benhadad, "Let not him that girds on his armor, boast himself as he that takes it off." I believe in you,my dear Friend. You have made a promise and I believe that you will keep your promise. That is to say, I believe as much inyou as I do in the majority of people. "How much is that?" you ask. Well, not too much, for I have seen too many men placemuch reliance upon them. I have not yet been 50 years among them, but there are several of them whom I would only trust asfar as I could throw them-and there are some whom I would not trust as far as that. But there are others whom I thought Imight trust out of my sight, and I have done so-and I have been bitten by them! I

believe myself bound to give as much credence and confidence to your resolution as your resolution is worth, so please letme see how much it is worth by observing how you go on.

"Oh," says one, "but there is an addition to my resolution! There is my past experience. I am an experienced person. I amnot like your young kids who are apt to be easily led astray again. A burnt child dreads the fire. My experience has mademe very careful, steady and reliable." Yes, I know. You are the man whom I would not trust with a bad farthing, because thevery people who have demanded my trust on the ground that they could not be led astray, I have generally found were the menwho had already gone far astray! I knew an old friend who used to attend here who was a very curious sort of man, but he hada great deal of common sense. A deacon of a church met him in Smithfield, one morning, and asked him for a loan of 50 pounds.He was going to say, "Yes," for he knew and trusted him, but the deacon said to him, "Robert, you know you can safely lendthat amount to me. I shall be sure to let you have it on the day that I promise. At my time of life, I am quite past temptation."My old friend stopped and said, "I was going to let you have that 50 pounds but, as you have arrived at that point, I shallnot lend you a halfpenny, for I am quite certain I should never see it again." At that very moment the man knew that he wasutterly bankrupt, and he failed, shortly after, for a very large sum, too, yet he said, "You may safely lend it to me, forI am quite past temptation."

"Well," asks one, "then you would not have us believe in one another?" No, unless you want to believe a lie. David said, "Verilyevery man at his best is altogether vanity." "You are not very complementary." No. If you want compliments, do not come here,for I do not deal in them and I do not intend to. God's Word is what I have to preach and that contains something better thancompliments. Brothers and Sisters, your best resolutions and your best experience are as strong as a broken reed! They onlyneed to be touched in a certain way and they will break again! You have already failed again and again-it is no use for youto start again as you started, then, for you will fail again! The same causes under the same circumstances will produce thesame results!

Now stop, my Friend, while I get a grip of your hand and say, "Come, let us pray together." And this shall be our prayer,"Lord, if You have worked any good in us, however little it is, we dare not trust to it, or trust ourselves with it. But,Lord, do strengthen it. If it is only just a consciousness of sin, Lord, strengthen it till it grows into repentance. If itis only a little trembling desire to be right, Lord, strengthen it into a firm and brave resolve. If it is but a little hopein Christ, Lord, strengthen it until I can say, 'I know whom I have believed.' If I have a little germ of faith, Lord, strengthenit till the mustard seed grows into a tree. O Lord, I have promised to do this and that, but I know that I am as weak as water.I am apt to slip when I feel that I am standing most safely. Lord, help me! Lord, help me! Lend me Your strength!"

Some of you have lately taken the pledge, "I promise, by the help of God, to abstain." That is the thing for you, that, "helpof God," is what you need! I entreat any of you who are starting on a fresh life, do not start outside the help of God. Donot attempt to go on outside the help of God. And you, dear Friends, who are far advanced in the Christian life, never beso besotted as to think that you have gone so far by God's aid and now you can traverse the rest of the road without Him!You cannot do anything in that way. Have you never noticed that we make our worst blunders over the plainest things? The childrenof Israel were commanded to slay all the Canaanites, but a company of Gibeonites disguised themselves in a very clever fashion,and the people said, "Their shoes are old and scarred. And their clothes-well, they must have come a long way, for they aredreadfully worn. These men look like travelers who have come from a very far-distant country." They did not question the Gibeonites,for they said, "These are strangers, that is quite evident, so let us make a covenant with them and let their lives be spared."Yet, all the while, these men were their next-door neighbors, living very close to them! On the plainest point, the Israeliteswere taken in-and it is often the same with us.

Brothers and Sisters never trust in yourselves, even though your strength seems to be more than adequate for the occasion!Trust in God as much when you have a huge "Woolwich infant" to fire against your enemy as when you have nothing but a slingand a stone. When you are full of knowledge, full of wisdom and full of Grace, yet still be nothing and let the Lord yourGod be your All-in-All! Oh, what a blessing it would be if everyone of us would get to Heaven! I do not see why we shouldnot, the Lord being our Leader! One thing I know-if we do get there, by-and-by, there is not one of us who will throw up hiscap and shout, "Hurrah! Glory be to myself! I did this!" No, no, no! But we will all go together and such crowns as Graceshall give us we will cast at Jesus' feet. And the song, "Non nobis, Domine" shall go up

from all of us, "Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto Your name give glory, for Your mercy, and for Your Truth's sake."

Let us begin to learn that song, now, and let us sing it in life, in death and forever, for our Lord Jesus Christ's sake.Amen.

EXPOSITION BY C. H. SPURGEON: PSALM68

This was a Psalm sung at the removing of the Ark when it was taken up to its resting place on Mount Zion. All the tribes weregathered together and, in full pomp, they marched along, bearing the sacred chest. As they marched forward, the trumpets soundedand this Psalm rose up to God.

Verse 1. Let God arise, let His enemies be scattered: let them also that hate Him flee before Him. That is the way to move-Godfirst and His people following closely after Him. That is the true order of revival-the Lord in the front, then all His children,quick of step, to follow where He leads. The Psalmist seems to take it for granted that there would be no fighting if Godshould arise, for all His enemies would be put to flight by His Presence.

2, 3. As smoke is driven away, so drive them away: as wax melts before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presenceof God. But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before God: yes, let them exceedingly rejoice. The courtiers of Godought to be clad in the silks ofjoy and to be bright with the jewelry of rejoicing!

4, 5. Sing unto God, singpraises to His name: extol Him that rides upon the heavens by His name JAH, and rejoice before Him.A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in His holy habitation. In the wilderness the Israelites werelike a company of fatherless people. But God was their Protector and in all their trials and dangers He was their Defender.

6. God sets the solitary in families. He brings out those which are bound with chains: but the rebellious dwell in a dry land.They had been in a sad condition in Egypt, scattered and driven here and there. God promised to bring them all together, ingreat families, and to richly bless them.

7, 8. O God, when You went forth before Your people, when You did march through the wilderness; Selah: the earth shook, theheavens also dropped at the presence of God: even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of God, the God of Israel If thetranslators had given us the original words, we would have valued this Psalm much more, for it contains nearly every nameof God. This verse would run, "Even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of Elohim, the Elo-him of Israel."

9, 10. You, O God, did send a plentiful rain, whereby You did confirm Your inheritance, when it was weary. Your congregationhas dwelt therein: You, O God, have prepared of Your goodness for the poor It rained manna and it rained quail. There areno difficulties about the commissariat of an army when God is the Commander-in-Chief! All those who put their trust in Himshall be provided for!

11. The Lord-Or, Adonai-

11. Gave the word: great was the company of those that published it When God speaks, He always has publishers of His message!Our Lord found a woman at the well and sent her back to the men of the city as His messenger. And He will find many othersbefore His work is all done!

12. 13. Kings of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil Though you have lain among the pots.Grimy among the brick kilns, covered with clay and black with smoke-despised, rejected, earthbound. "Though you have lainamong the pots."

13. Yet shall you be as the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her feathers with yellow gold. There are good times aheadfor God's people! Rich and rare blessings are laid up in store for them that fear Him. Therefore, let us rejoice in Him evennow.

14. When the Almighty scattered kings in it, it was white as snow in Salmon. Driven from the bare, bleak mountainside in gustslike feathers, the snow flies before the wind! And so, when God scatters the mighty, they cannot resist Him-"It was whiteas snow in Salmon."

15. The hill of God is as the hill of Bashan; an high hill as the hill of Bashan. This hill of Zion is not high at all-itis a mere knoll compared with the lofty peaks-yet it was highly favored. So, to carnal eyes, Christ's Kingdom on earth waslittle in comparison with the kingdoms of this world, yet, in the sight of God, it is greater than all of them!

16. Why leap you, you high hills? This is the hill which God desires to dwell in. Yes, the LORD will dwell in it forever.There are grander places than Zion, but if God chooses to dwell there, His Presence gives her a glory and a greatness thatno other spot can have. The forces at the disposal of Zion's King are boundless-note how the Psalmist enumerates some of them.

17. 18. The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in the holyplace. You have ascended on high, You have led captivity captive: You have received gifts for men, yes, for the rebellious,also, that the LORD God might dweel among them. As the Ark went up the hill of Zion, so has Christ ascended to eternal Glory!He is the true Ark of the Covenant and He is also the true Mercy Seat. Therefore, let our hearts rejoice in our ascended Saviorwho has "led captivity captive." "You have received gifts for men, yes, for the rebellious, also." "In due time, Christ diedfor the ungodly." "He made intercession for the transgressors." Let rebellious sinners catch at this great Truth of God and,touched by the love and Grace of God, let them cease to rebel any longer.

19, 20. Blessed be the Lord who daily loads us with benefits, even the God of our salvation. Selah. He that is our God isthe God of salvation; and unto God the Lord belong the issues from death. All glory be to His thrice-blessed name for allthat this verse includes!

21, 22. But God shall wound the head of His enemies, and the hairy scalp of such an one as goes on still in his trespasses.The Lord said, I will bring again from Bashan, I will bring My people again from the depths of the sea. Wherever His peoplemay have gone, God will bring them all together again-"from Bashan"-or "from the depths of the sea."

23-35. That your foot may be dipped in the blood of your enemies, and the tongue of your dogs in the same. They have seenYour goings, O God; even the goings of my God, my King, in the sanctuary. The singers went before, the players on instrumentsfollowed after, among them were the damsels playing with timbrels. Bless God in the congregations, even the Lord, from thefountain of Israel There is little Benjamin with their ruler, the princes of Judah, and their council, the princes of Zebulun,and the princes of Naphtali. Your God has commanded your strength: strengthen, O God, what You have worked for us. Becauseof Your temple at Jerusalem shall kings bring presents unto You. Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls,with the calves of the people, till everyone submits himself with pieces of silver: scatter the people that delight in war.Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God. Sing unto God, you kingdoms of the earth!O sing praises unto the Lord; Selah: to Him that rides upon the heavens of heavens, which were of old; lo, He does send outHis voice, and that a mighty voice. Ascribe strength unto God: His exceelency is over Israel, and His strength is in the clouds.O God, You are terrible out of Your holy places: the God of Israel is He that gives strength and power unto His people. Blessedbe God. The Psalm ends with an ascription of praise unto God. So let our reading end-and our worship-and our lives! "Blessedbe God."

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