Sermon 2606. Choice Teaching for the Chosen
A SERMON INTENDED FOR READING ON LORD'S-DAY, JANUARY 22, 1899.
DELIVERED BY C. H. SPURGEON,
AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON, ON LORD'S-DAY EVENING, OCTOBER 21, 1883.
"It is written in the Prophets, 'And they shall be all taught of God.' Every man, therefore, that has heard and has learnedof the Father, comes unto Me." John 6:45.
I SUPPOSE that you never noticed any great literary excellence in Bradshaw's Railway Guide. "No," you say, "one writing wouldbe very much out of place in such a book as that-it is meant to be a plain direction to travelers. When we consult it, wedo not wish to be entertained, we want to be guided as to the best and quickest route to our desired destination." Well, thatis the sort of sermon I am going to try to preach-one which, I trust, shall be a guide to Heaven to some who hear it, or whomay afterwards read it-I long, above all things, that through my words many may find rest and peace in Jesus Christ our Lord.
Notice, dear Friends, what our Savior was aiming at in this discourse. The Jews had been murmuring at Him. Certain followersof the scribes and Pharisees, who always opposed Him, had been whispering among themselves and finding fault with Him. OurLord did not condescend to come down to their level and parley with them. They pretended that their difficulty was that Hewas well known among them, that He was the son of Joseph, the carpenter, and that they knew His mother and His brothers andsisters. Our Lord does not appear directly to answer them, but He takes quite a different tack. He says, "Murmur not amongyourselves about this matter. Do not imagine for a moment that I am disappointed because you do not believe in Me, and donot suppose that your unbelief will at all frustrate My Father's purpose or surprise Him. You may reject Me if you are determinedto do so, but your folly and sin will make no difference to anybody except yourselves. On your own head shall be the guiltof your own blood. I knew that you would not believe in Me. I quite expected that you would not receive Me, for, 'No man cancome to Me, except the Father which has sent Me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.'" And, Beloved, in a similarmanner, when we are pleading with you that you should believe in Christ, we must weep over you as Jesus wept over Jerusalem!And we may say, as Paul wrote to the Thessalonians, "We were gentle among you, even as a nurse cherishes her children," butwhen you come to this terrible decision-that you reject Christ and will not have Him reign over you, then we fall back uponthe eternal purposes of God-and we tell you that you have not received either the electing love of God or the effectual workingof the Holy Spirit. And you are left to perish in your sins!
To the ungodly and the unspiritual this may sound like rather harsh language, but should not men be treated with some measureof harshness if they spurn the Christ who is set before them and, in their unbelief, wickedly reject Him? True love is allthe more loving because it is outspoken and sometimes seems even severe. There is a spurious sort of love current, nowadays,which consists in saying, "Ah, yes, you are all right and I am all right! You say, 'No,' and I say, 'Yes,' but, no doubt,we are both equally correct. You are black and I am white-or I am black and you are white-but, in these days, black iswhite,and white is no color at all! Let us make things smooth and pleasant all round. You praise me and I will praise you! It doesnot really matter what you believe, or what you think-we shall all get right at last." That kind of talk, or the preachingwhich comes practically to the same point, is infernal cruelty to immortal souls! I dare not use a milder term to describeit. It may be cried up as charity, but there is no charity in it! It is a shameful selfishness which, for the sake of easeand popular favor, cries, "Peace, peace," when there is no peace, and seduces men to their own destruction-playing merry tunesto them when, all the while, they are dancing down to death and to Hell!
Our Lord Jesus Christ was not a preacher of that order. When men refused Him, He flashed the red light of the Truth of Godin their faces and made them know that if they rejected Him, they rejected their only hope of mercy-and if they turned againstHis Grace, it was because they did not know its power and were not under its influence. He taught these people, who murmuredat Him, that they never would believe in Him unless the Father taught them. He plainly declared that the Father would teachall His own and that if those who were listening to Him did not come to Him, it would prove that the Father had not taughtthem, that they were not God's chosen and, therefore, they would perish in their carnal and guilty ignorance of Him!
Now coming to the text, I shall ask you to notice, first, thepromise of the Father's teaching of His ownpeople. "It is writtenin the Prophets, 'And they shall be all taught of God.'" Then, secondly, we shall examine the teaching itself. "They shallbe all taught of God." And, thirdly, we shall consider the grand result of the teaching. "Every man, therefore, that has heard,and has learned of the Father, comes unto Me."
I. To begin, then, there is in the text, THE PROMISE OF THE FATHER'S TEACHING OF HIS OWN PEOPLE.
Christ says, concerning this promise, "It is written in the Prophets." I greatly admire that sentence because if there wasever anyone in this world who might have spoken on His own authority, without quoting Scripture, it was our Lord Jesus Christ!"In Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily" and, therefore, all His sayings are the utterances of Omnipotence andHe often, when upon the earth, made use of that great double Amen, "Verily, verily, I say unto you." Yet this Divine Teacher,who spoke as never man spoke, continually quoted from the Old Testament and supported His own teachings by quotations from"the Law and the Prophets," and the Psalmists and other Inspired writers. In this case, addressing Himself to the Jews, Hesays, "It is written in the Prophets." The tendency, nowadays, even among preachers, is to depreciate and dishonor Holy Scripture.I am often saddened as I find how many are quibbling at one part or another of the Sacred Word. To my heart, there is nothingmore authoritative or more conclusive than this little sentence, "It is written." If God's message to men is written, thatis enough for me-and my great concern shall be to find out what that message is! Every man must have Infallibility somewhere.Some find it in the Pope, but I frankly confess that I have never seen the slightest sign of it there! Some find it in whatthey call, "the church." I am sure I do not know in which church to look for it, for all of them seem to me to be very, veryfallible. I find Infallibility only in the Inspired Word of God! Here is a harbor where I can drop down my anchor feelingcertain that it will hold. Here is a place where I can find sure footing and, by the Grace of God, from this confidence Ishall never be moved. "It is written in the Prophets," is quite enough for me! I trust, Beloved, that it is also sufficientfor all of you.
That we may learn the lesson that our Lord intended to teach, let us look at the Words which He quoted. He said, "It is writtenin the Prophets." And, truly, the passage or its equivalent may be found in more places than I shall be able to refer to,now, but will you kindly look, first, at the 54th Chapter of Isaiah, at the 13th verse? Ah, I see the eyes of you Bible-loversflash and I think I hear you say, "Fifty-fourth of Isaiah? Why, of course, that follows just after the 53rd of Isaiah!" Preciselyso and, that 53rd of Isaiah, as you well know, is all about Christ's Substitutionary Sacrifice. There we have the full-lengthportrait of the bleeding Substitute-"But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisementof our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are healed." Many of you know by heart that blessed chapter, so full ofthe doctrine of God laying upon Christ the sin of His people, and of Christ bearing all their iniquities that they might beforever free. Well, immediately after that great central Truth of the Christian faith, comes this 54th Chapter-"Sing, O barren,you that did not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, you that did not travail with child," There is no better placefor any to sing than at the foot of the Cross, gazing by faith upon the crucified Savior! O Earth, with all your barrenness!O heart of steel, with all your hardness! "Break forth into singing," for there is heavenly joy and there is the promise ofHeaven, itself, in the death of Him who lived, and loved, and died for us!
Further on in the 54th Chapter comes this 13th verse, from which our Savior quoted, "And all your children shall be taughtof the Lord; and great shall be the peace of your children." This is apromise to the Lord's ownpeople. The teaching of Scriptureis that Christ died for His chosen. "Christ loved the Church and gave Himself for it." God's promise, "All your children shallbe taught of the Lord," is made to His own Church and to all who are the children of that Church, namely, all who believein the Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life! All God's chosen, all whose names are written in the Lamb's Book of Life, allwhom Christ has redeemed by His blood, shall be, each according to his measure, in due time taught of the Lord.
That is the meaning of the promise as we get it in Isaiah's prophecy. First, it follows the Doctrine of Substitution and,next, it is made to God's chosen people.
Now will you turn over a few pages in your Bible, and read what is written in the 31st Chapter of the prophecy of Jeremiah,beginning at the 31st verse? "Behold, the days come, says the Lord, that I will make a new Covenant with the house of Israel,and with the house of Judah: not according to the Covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by thehand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which My Covenant they broke, although I was an husband unto them, says the Lord:but this shall be the Covenant that I will make with the house of Israel. After those days, says the Lord, I will put My Lawin their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be My people. And they shall teachno more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know Me, from the leastof them unto the greatest of them, says the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more."
So, you see, this promise is joined with other blessings of the New Covenant Notice that when our Savior quoted the prophecy,He commenced with the word, "and." Now, as a general rule, when you make a quotation, you do not begin with, "and." That isa copulative conjunction which joins one sentence to another, yet our Lord begins with an, "and," as if to hint that therewas a great deal going before it of which He could not speak fully, just then. There is "an Everlasting Covenant, orderedin all things and sure," which God has made with Christ Jesus, His Son, on our behalf. And all who were represented by Christbecame, by virtue of their union with Him, partakers in all the blessings of that Covenant. Our side of it has been fulfilledby Christ, our Representative. He has done the Father's will perfectly and He has been able to say, concerning the part entrustedto Him, "It is finished." The side of the Covenant which has yet to be fulfilled is God the Father's portion-and that runsthus, "I will, and they shall"-"I will be their God, and they shall be My people. I will put My fear in their hearts, thatthey shall not depart from Me. I will instruct them so that they shall not need to have anyone to say to them, 'Know the Lord,'for they shall all know Me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them." What a wonderful promise this is! It is perfectlyunconditional and freely made by the Father concerning all His chosen!
As it stands in these two prophecies, as our Savior quotes it, it is a promise made to each individual of the chosen seed."They shall be all taught of God." Then there shall not be one true child of God who shall not be taken into the Lord's schooland be taught and trained by the Divine Father! Perhaps someone asks the very important question, "Do I belong to that blessednumber?" Let me reply by making another enquiry, Have you been truly taught of the Lord? If so, you belong to the chosen company.If you have not been taught of the Lord, I cannot tell whether you are His or not. None of us can climb to Heaven and unrollthe eternal parchments, to tell whose name is written there. And until there is some open and overt evidence of your beingthe Lord's, I cannot declare that you are. But by this test shall you know-if you have been taught of the Lord, you are oneof His children, you are in the Covenant of Grace, and you shall have your full share of every good thing which the Lord hasthere laid up for His own.
That, then, is the promise of the Father's teaching.
II. Now, in the second place, let us briefly examine THE TEACHING ITSELF. "They shall be all taught of God."
I want you to notice, first, that this teaching is practically the same thing as God's drawing. Let me read the previous verse."No man can come to Me, except the Father which has sent Me draw him. And they shall be all taught of God." The way in whichGod draws men to Christ is not merely by persuasion, but by instruction. The Father does not draw us to Christ by a forcewhich is contrary to our nature and will-we are not sticks and stones-and He does not treat us as if we were. We are rational,responsible, free agents and He deals with us as such, never snapping even the finest strings in the instrument of human nature,so far as it is human nature. So, when He draws men, He draws them by teachingthem!
I will show you how the Lord does this. He first teaches the poor soul what a great sinner he is-and that makes him look fora great Savior. He teaches that poor sinner the impossibility of his being saved by his own works-and that makes him lookfor the works of somebody else. He teaches that poor sinner that He has authorized Christ to stand in his place and, by Hislife and death, to meet all the Law's demands on that sinner's behalf-and the poor sinner says, "Why, that is exactly whatI need!" So, while the Lord teaches him, He is really drawing him and, in like manner, there ought to be a great deal of teachingin all our attempts to draw men to Christ-I mean, in our efforts to be the instruments of drawing them. If I stand here andsimply shout, "Believe, Believe, Believe," I cannot expect that any good and lasting result will come of my shouting. I musttell people what they are to believe! I may try to persuade men to do this and to do that-and there may be great force inthe persuasion, but, unless they understand the reason for my pleading, little will come of it. God's way of working shouldbe our way of working and He draws men by teaching them! Observe that very carefully.
Now notice what kind of teaching is here promised. It is Divine teaching. "All your children shall be taught of the Lord.""They shall be all taught of God." There is no teaching but that which will ever save the soul. My dear Hearer, you may listento the best preacher who ever lived, but unless God shall apply the Truth of God to your heart, you will not receive it. Youmay study the best books on theology as long as you like, but unless God the Holy Spirit shall give you the keys of this treasurehouse, you will never get at its precious things and secure them as your own. Means are to be used-as I will show you in aminute or two-but you must not trustin the means-you must not even rely on the best study that you can give to the Word ofGod, itself, as the sure means of your knowing the Truth. Over and above all that, you need the instruction and illuminationof the Holy Spirit! "He shall teach you all things." But unless you have His teaching, you cannot and you will not know theTruth of God. I would like, if I could, to unlearn everything concerning the things of God that I have taught myself. I desirewith all my heart that all I know may be what I have learned of the Spirit of God and, dear Soul, if ever you are to cometo Christ, you will have to unlearn a great deal that you have been teaching yourself, for nothing will be of any real worthto you in the matter of your eternal salvation but what the Holy Spirit, Himself, shall write on your heart and teach you.So, the promise of the text concerns Divine teaching.
Yet notice, also, that it is teaching through the usual means. "Every man, therefore, that has heard, and has learned of theFather, comes unto Me." "Faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God." Though my hearing will not save me, yet,ordinarily, it is the channel by which God's Spirit works to the saving of the soul. Though my reading of the Scripture willnot, of itself, save me, yet it is the usual way by which God enlightens the understanding through the Holy Spirit. Neverneglect the means of Grace, I pray you, but, at the same time, never get into the condition that some are in who feel quitehappy so long as they have been to a place of worship on Sunday, who return home and go to bed, just as if they had done alltheir duty for the day and had no need of anything further. They are like men who go to market, but do not buy anything. Orlike persons who go into a field, but do not work in it. They are quite satisfied with having been to the market or the field.It must not be so with you, dear Hearers. If you want to find Christ-if you want to go to Heaven when you die-never be satisfiedwith mere hearing of the Word, but pray God the Holy Spirit that through the hearing you may be taught of the Lord.
The most blessed thing about this Divine teaching is that it is effectual teaching. If you are taught by the ablest divine,you may yet learn nothing. But if you are taught of God, you will really know what you learn. If He teaches you what yoursin really is, you will know it-perhaps even to despair. If He teaches you the meaning of His Law, you will know it as youlie at the foot of Sinai trembling. And if He teaches you the fullness of Christ, you will know that, and you will rejoicethat He is just such a Christ as you need! Men are sure to learn whatever God teaches them by His Holy Spirit. There shallnot be one who shall pass through His school and yet remain a fool. Though they were all fools when they entered it, yet,before they leave it, they shall be so instructed as to the way of holiness that they shall not err therein. My heart continuespraying even while I am preaching, "Lord, teach me," and then it adds, "and, Lord, teach these people, too. Come and be theirInstructor, for what can they know except that which You teach them ?"
III. So I shall conclude with this last point-THE GRAND RESULT OF THIS TEACHING. We have read the promise of the teaching.We have thought over what kind of teaching it is. Now let us enquire-What is the result of it? "Every man, therefore, thathas heard and has learned of the Father, comes unto Me."
Some men say that they have been taught of God and then they go on to prove that what they know is of their own inventing.Our Lord's test concerning His disciples is, "By their fruits you shall know them." And this is the fruit- every man who hasheard the Word, and who has been taught of the Father, comes to Christ! Therefore, if any man preaches that which does notlead you to Christ, do not listen to it, for evidently he has not been taught of God. And, if you find in any book, teachingwhich makes you think less of Christ than you did before, burn the book! It will do you no good, and it may do you a greatdeal of mischief. All sound teaching leads to Christ, for if, when the Father, Himself, is the Teacher, the consummation ofour scholarship is that we come to Christ. Surely, when we poor creatures are the teachers, we must be even more bound tobegin and end with Christ Crucified. You were asking me, just now, whether you had been taught of the Father. You wanted toknow whether you were one of His children. Well, here is the test- have you come to Christ? If so, you have been taught ofGod!
Coming to Christ is a very simple thing. It is the easiest thing in all the world, yet no man ever performed it until Godthe Father instructed him and taught him that sacred art. To wash in Jordan was a very simple thing, yet at first proud Naamanwould not do it-he turned away in a rage! To believe in Jesus is a very simple thing-little children have believed in Him,persons who have scarcely been intellectually above an idiot have, nevertheless, been able to believe in Jesus! And yet, withall its simplicity, men never exercise it until they have been taught of the Father. I suppose it is because faith is so easythat they despise it. Naaman's servants said to him, "If the Prophet had bid you do some great thing, would you not have doneit? How much rather, then, when he says to you, Wash, and be clean?" And it is only when the Divine Spirit humbles the heartand makes the man feel that he must stoop to anything so long as he may but be saved, that, at last, he goes down to washin Jordan according to the saying of the man of God, or to believe in Jesus Christ according to the command of the Gospel.
You are taught of the Lord, my dear Hearer, if you believe in Jesus Christ, that is, if you come and trust Him. And, if youdo not trust Christ, you may be a Doctor of Divinity, but you have never been taught of the Lord. He is not to you "very Godof very God," your sole and only Savior. It you do not trust Christ, you are a stranger to the Divine Light of God-that assuredlymust be the case. You cannot be right in the rest unless you are trusting in Him. But, if you are truly believing in Him,then you are taught of the Lord. It is very wonderful how God brings His people to this point of trusting Jesus. I heard alittle story which might have fitted very well into my morning sermon [Sermon #1745, Volume 29-
Abijah-Or Some Good Thing Towards the Lord] but it was told to me after I had finished my discourse, so I will repeat it toyou now. In a London court there was a little girl who had been to Sunday school and who had found Christ as her Savior. Sheheard that there was a poor woman lying very ill and all alone, up two flight of stairs, so the child went up to the roomand pushed the door open. She did not show herself, but said, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you shall be saved." Anurse came in the afternoon, to attend to the poor creature, and she fetched in a city missionary to see the woman, for shetalked so strangely, the nurse thought. When the good man came in, the woman said, "I am so happy, I am believing in the LordJesus Christ and I am saved! An angel came to the door and I heard him speak, and he said, 'Believe on the Lord Jesus Christand you shall be saved,' and I did believe on Him, and I am saved!"
It was not an angel at all, it was that little girl! But it did not matter in the least who said it, for it was just as truewhether an angel or a child spoke the words. I long that God should lead you, my dear Friend, to feel, "It does not matterhow the Gospel comes to me, for if it is true, I believe it and I accept the Christ whom it makes known to me." Some of youprobably think that if an angel were to come flying through the Tabernacle and were to alight just against your seat and sayto you, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you shall be saved," you would believe at once. But it would not make any differencein your believing, would it? It is the same message as I, who am, indeed, in the Scriptural sense, one of the angels or theChurches, put before you. You do not mind who brings the letter that is full of good news! I never trouble to send out toenquire the color of the postman's hair if he brings me a letter-I take it and read its contents- and you need not stop toask whether the message comes to you by an angel, or a babe, or a minister, or whoever it is! "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christand you shall be saved"! And, if you do believe on Him, then I know that the Father taught you, I am persuaded that you areone of God's elect and I can turn and say to you, "Yes, though I have not read the secret roll of the redeemed, if you believein Christ, your name is there," for there never was a soul yet that came to Christ except the Father drew him. And the Fathernever drew one by mistake and He never will! This is the blessed consummation of all God's teaching-that the taught ones cometo Christ!
But notice, before I close, that the Lord says, "Every man, therefore, that has heard and has learned of the Father, comesunto Me." He does not merely come once, but he keeps on coming. Do not make any mistake about faith in Christ, as if it wereone single act and then were done with. The faith that saves the soul is an all-the-day faith and an everyday faith. If youbelieve in Christ, your faith must be of the kind that believes today, tomorrow and forever. If you say, "I believe that Ibelieved in Christ 20 years ago and, therefore, I am saved," I do not believe anything of the kind! Unless you stillbelieve,you never truly believed in Christ Jesus, for the faith that God works in the soul is a continual faith! It has its ups anddowns and, sometimes, like the moon, it is eclipsed, but it comes out of the darkness, again, and shines as brightly as ever!And, further, if you did ever really believe in Christ, you believe in Him now. "To whom coming," says the Apostle-not, "havingonce come to Christ, we now run from Him." But, "to whom coming," always coming, always trusting, always believing!
And why is this? Because we are always being taught of the Father! I trusted Christ when I knew comparatively little of God'sWord. And I confess that I still know but very little of its boundless height, depth, length and breadth, but I believe thatas I grow to know more and more, I shall trust more. If that is not the result of your knowledge, it is not the knowledgethat the Holy Spirit gives you! It is the knowledge that puffs up. If it were the Holy Spirit's teaching, you would rely moreand more upon Christ and rest more entirely on Him. I pray for you, my dearly-beloved fellow Church members, that you andI may be taught of God till we grow less and less, and come to be nothing at all in our own esteem-till we vanish away intoChrist and Christ becomes more than our necessary food, our life, our joy, our All-in-All!
Everyone who is taught of the Father, in proportion as he is so taught, comes nearer and nearer to Christ until he comes perfectlyto Christ in the Glory yet to be revealed. O blessed Master, we are still coming to You. We are, everyday, coming nearer toYou. Your Spirit is making us more like You and making us long more for You! Your Father is creating in us more and more ofa hungering and thirsting after You. Though we are very lame and do sadly limp, yet still we are coming to You. We can onlyfeebly fly, yet still we are flying towards You and we expect that when You shall appear, and sit upon the Great White Throne,You will recognize that we are coming to You and You, Yourself will say to us, "Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit thekingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world." We are coming, Lord, to You! Come to us! Yes, come quickly, evenso, come, Lord Jesus! Amen and Amen.
EXPOSITION BY C. H. SPURGEON: JOHN6:25-51.
These people had crossed the Sea of Galilee and gone to Capernaum, "seeking for Jesus." It seemed a very hopeful sign thatthey should be willing to make such efforts to find Christ, but see how the Lord Jesus, Himself, regarded it.
Verses 25, 26. And when they had found Him on the other side of the sea, they said unto Him, Rabbi, when did You come here?Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, You seek Me, not because you saw the miracles, but because youdid eat of the loaves, and were filled. What very plain talk this is! Our Lord does not try to gain popularity by the concealmentof truth, but He tells these people to their faces, "You are only following Me because of what you get out of Me." "Oh," someworldly-wise man would have said, "that is a very imprudent speech-it will drive the people away." Just so and Christ seemedto say, on more than one occasion, "If people will be driven away by the Truth of God, let them be driven away." John theBaptist had declared that Christ had His fan in His hand and that He would thoroughly purge His floor. And if that floor isto be purged, there must be a driving away of the chaff! Our Lord's example should teach us to speak in His name nothing lessand nothing more than the Truth of God in all love and kindness. After thus pointing out the true motive which made the peopleseek Him, our Savior uttered a very singular paradox.
27. Labor not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures unto everlasting life, which the Son of Man shallgive unto you: for Him has God the Father sealed. Is it not strange that Christ says, "Labor not for the very thing whichyou cannot get without laboring for it"? And then He says, "Labor for that which you cannot get by laboring for it"? He virtuallytells us that it is so, by adding the words, "which the Son of Man shall give unto you," plainly proving that it does notcome as the result of human labor, but as the free gift of the Son of God. He that is wise will discover the meaning of theparadox, but he that is blind will stumble over the letter of it and not discern the spiritual interpretation.
28. Then said they unto Him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God? ' 'We want to do the best works, the noblestworks, the most acceptable works in all the world! Tell us what we should do in order to perform a God-like work."
29. Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God. "The highest and best work which you can accomplish is"-
29. That you believe on Him whom He has sent. Faith is the noblest of the Graces! It is the very essence of true worship!It contains within itself the germs of all excellence-and the man who believes in Christ has done that which is more pleasingto God than anything else in all the world!
30, 31. They said, therefore, unto Him, What sign do You show, then, that we may see, and believe You? What do You do? Ourfathers ate manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from Heaven to eat. Do you see the drift of their talk?They are still looking for the loaves and fishes and, therefore, whatever Christ may say, they turn the discourse round thatway. If they can get from Christ something to eat, they will believe in Him-what groveling, earth-bound creatures they were!
32, 33. Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from Heaven; but My Fathergives you the free Bread from Heaven. For the Bread of God is He which comes down from Heaven, and gives life unto the world."The best and noblest bread-the bread which has Deity in it-the bread which can feed your souls, and sustain you with everlastinglife, 'the Bread of God' is He which comes down from Heaven and gives life unto the world.'"
34. Then said they unto Him, Lord, give us this bread. They said this not knowing what they said, and not understanding whatHe meant. Bread for the body was all that they wanted. Their cry was, "Give us bread, and we are content." They had no spiritualappetite for Christ, "the Bread of God."
35, 36. And Jesus said unto them, I am the Bread of Life. He that comes to Me shall never hunger; and He that believes onMe shall never thirst. But I said to you, that you have seen Me, and believe not. These were the very people whom He had fedon the other side of the sea-yet they were craving for more. That kind of bread cannot stay their hunger for long. They hadnot received Him as their Savior, otherwise they would have been well content with Him and would have asked for nothing more.
37-39. All that the Father gives Me shall come to Me; and Him that comes to Me I will in no wise cast out. For I came downfrom Heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him that sent Me. And this is the Father's will which has sent Me, thatof all which He has given Me, I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. Christ will not lose onewhom the Father gave Him, no nor any part of one. He will not lose the body of any of His people any more than He will losethe soul of any.
40. And this is the will ofHim that Me, that everyone which sees the Son, and believes on Him, mayhave everlasting life: andI will raise Him up at the last day. Christ will never have finished His work upon Believers till He has raised their bodiesfrom the grave and glorified them like His own resurrection body. He will never cease from the work which He has commencedon any of His people till He has laid the top stone in the glorious perfections of Heaven! And this Truth of God is the joyof our hearts even now.
41. The Jews then murmured at Him, because He said, I am the Bread which came down from Heaven. They muttered, murmured, whispered,growled among themselves at this saying of Christ.
42. And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How is it, then, that He says, Icame down from Heaven?This is just the way with men-they judge by outward appearances and if the Gospel comes to them as athing beloved of poor men, if it is preached without much eloquence, if the service is without the attractions of sweet musicor of gaudy attire-straightway they say there can be nothing in it! O blind bats, when God veils Himself in human flesh, canit be otherwise?
43. Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves. "I never thought you would believe in Me. Inever imagined that I should win your confidence."
44. No man can come to Me, except the Father which has sent Me draw him. "You are not drawn unto Me, therefore it is clearthat you are not the subjects of Divine Grace. You think you are judging Me, but in so doing you are really judging and condemningyourselves." Whenever men sit in judgment on the Gospel, they soon let us know what kind of spirit possesses them. It is notChrist who is on trial-it is they, themselves-and when they rail at Him, they do but prove that the Grace of the Father hasnever drawn them to Him. "No man can come to Me, except the Father which has sent Me draw him."
44-46. And I will raise Him up at the last day. It is written in the Prophets, "And they shall be all taught of God." Everyman, therefore, that has heard and has learned of the Father, comes unto Me. Not that any man has seen the Father, save hewhich is of God, He has seen the Father. "Do not suppose that even when you are taught of God, you will know the Father asI know Him, or see Him as I have seen Him." That Divine glance at Deity is not for us.
47. Verily, verily, I say unto you, he that believes on Me has everlasting life. This was how our Lord spoke straight to thefaces of those who had derided Him and said, "Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know?" Withthe strongest Words which He was in the habit of using, He says, "Verily, verily, I say unto you, he that believes on Me haseverlasting life."
48-51. Iam that Bread oflife. Your fathers ate manna in the wilderness, andare dead. This is the bread which comes down fromHeaven, that a man may eat, thereof, and not die. Iam the living bread which came down from Heaven: if any man eats of thisbread, he shall live forever: and the bread that I will give is My flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.