Sermon 2274. God's People Melted and Tried

(No. 2274)




"Therefore thus says the LORD of Hosts, Behold, I will melt them, and try them; for how shall I deal with the daughter ofMy people?" Jeremiah 9:7.

OBSERVE, here, that God represents Himself as greatly concerned to know what to do with His people. Of course, He speaks afterthe manner of men, for, as the infinitely wise God, knowing all things from the beginning, Jehovah knew what He would do.But yet, in order that we may understand something of the workings of the Divine mind, He represents Himself as brought toa non-plus and saying, in the words of our text, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?" There are some men andwomen in the world who seem to greatly perplex those who love them and who desire their welfare. They are a great perplexityto those with whom they live and who labor for their good-and it seems as if God, Himself, regarded it as a matter of perplexitywhen He said, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?"

But notice, next, the Lord is so resolved to save His people that He will use the sternest possible means rather than loseany of those whom He loves. He says here, "I will melt them, and try them; I will cast them into the furnace, and put theminto the melting pot. I will make the fire so hot that their iron hearts shall melt and, though they are like Hell-hardenedsteel, devoid of feeling, I will make it so hot for them that they shall be melted. As men assay metal, pouring out the moltenmass in a red-hot or white state, I will melt them and try them."

Sinners, that God may save you, He will do the roughest things with you! He will not spare you any kind of sorrow here, orany sort of loss, or any measure of despair of spirit, so that He may bring you to Himself. He asks the question as thoughHe were very anxious to avoid using His rough ways, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?" But He answers thequestion with all the severity of almighty love, "Behold, I will melt them, and try them. There is nothing else to be donewith them, so I will do that by which alone they can be saved."

Observe, once more, in our preface, that God's concern about His people, and His resolve to use strange ways with them, springsout of His relationship to them, for He says, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?" "My people." They were His,though they were very far away from Him through their evil ways. Though they had gone from evil to evil, though their livesprovoked Him to the highest degree, yet He did not disown them! He remembered the Covenant that He made for them with Abraham,and with Isaac, and with Jacob-and because of that Covenant, He thought upon them for good and resolved to somehow save them.When God has chosen a man from before the foundation of the world, and when He has given that man over to Christ to be a partof the reward of His soul's travail, He will adopt strange means to accomplish His sacred purpose. And He will carry out thatpurpose, let it cost him what it may!

We are going to apply these principles in three ways. First, to the matter of conversion. Secondly, to the matter of Christianlife and thirdly, to the Church of God in its corporate capacity.

I. First, these principles may be applied to THE MATTER OF CONVERSION. There is a very simple way of being saved. It shouldbe. I hope it is the common way. It is the simple way of following the call of Grace. This should be your way. I hope it is.The Gospel is preached, you believe it. Christ is set before you, you accept Him, you trust Him, you are saved. Without anyviolence, your heart is opened, as with the picklock of Grace. God puts the key into the door and steps into your heart withouta word. "Whose heart the Lord opened," we read of Lydia. Even if you have known nothing of the terror of the Lord, if youhave had no strange convulsion of feeling, no earthquake, tempest and thunder- God is in the still small voice-and you aresaved by His Grace as much as those who have had a deeper experience.

This is the way of salvation, but there are some who will not come this way. There is the Wicket Gate. They have but to knockand it will be opened, but they prefer to go round about through the Slough of Despond, or to get under the care of Mr. WorldlyWiseman who leads them round by the house of Mr. Legality, who dwells in the village of Morality. And there they go with theirburdens on their backs, which they need not carry even for a single hour, for they would roll off directly if they would butlook to Jesus and believe in Him. But they will not do this. There are some of whom God has to say, "How shall I deal withthe daughter of My people?" Why is this?

Well, some of them have a crooked sort of mind. They never can believe anything straight-they must go round about. I knowa friend whose conversation is always of this kind. If he were in King William Street and I were in the Borough, he couldnot come across London Bridge to me-he would find it necessary to go at least as far as Hamrnersmith before he crossed theriver-and then he would come round to me. That is how he always talks. I sometimes get a little tired of that style and Iwish he would come to the point at once. There are some minds of that sort. You say to some people, "Believe and live." Thenthey begin scratching their heads a bit and saying, "What is it to believe, and what is it to live? And how can a man liveby believing, and does he believe first, or does he live first? And if he lives before he believes, then how does believingmake him live?"

I could puzzle away like that all night if I liked-any fool can put stools in the way for people to tumble over. There aresome minds that seem to be made with what I may call a circumbendibus that cannot take the Truth of God as God puts it, believingHim as a child believes his father. They must somehow twist it about, wrest it, distort it, contort it. Oh, that the Lordwould give them another mind! "Except you are converted, and become as little children, you shall not enter into the Kingdomof Heaven." O you wise people, you deep and subtle people, you very thoughtful folk who cannot think that God means what Hesays when He says that a sinner has only to look to Christ and live-but imagine that there must be some particular kind ofspectacles to be worn through which you are to look, or that you are to get to some point of the compass from which to look,or that you are to do something else beside look-oh, that you would lay aside all this, for you are making the work of yoursalvation needlessly difficult! It is of such as you that God says, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?"

But some others are obstinate in sin. They are not happy in it, but they will not give it up. They have had some very serioustalks with their conscience and they know that they are wrong, yet they persist in continuing to be wrong. They mean to beright, some day, but not yet. They wish, somehow, that they had overcome the difficulty, but they cannot face it-they cannotgive up their evil habits. They still cling to them and, though often persuaded, threatened and moved, they still stand wherethey always stood-obstinately continuing in sin-while God repeats the enquiry, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?"

Some others are unwilling to confess sin at all. They think themselves wrong, but they try to make excuses. They are wrong,but not so very wrong. They are such poor, frail creatures, and so greatly tempted, it cannot be very wrong for them to sin.The mind is so easily led astray-surely that is the fault of heredity, or the fault of environment, or the fault of-well,they really make it out that it is the fault of God! So they say in their thoughts, if they do not dare to put it into words.But as for confessing that they are sinners, they will not come to that! I expect, before they will cry, "Father, I have sinned,"they will have to be melted. Before they will ever come to confess their iniquity, they will have to pass through the meltingpot.

Then there are some people who are not saved, but who are outwardly very religious. They have never omitted going to Church,or, perhaps, to the Meeting House, whichever they think the better of the two, and they have been brought up carefully-theyhave said their prayers regularly-and they have had family prayer, too. They have a Bible. They do not read it much, but stillthey have one. They are very nice people. Everybody thinks that they are Christians, yet all this religion of theirs is notworth a single farthing, for there is no heart-work in it, no repentance of sin, no love to God, no faith in Christ. The robeof their self-righteousness clings to them and prevents their coming to rest in Jesus. Sinful self is bad enough to get ridof, but righteous self is even worse! Self-righteousness is a kind of mud that will not be brushed off. The man who is spatteredwith it does not let it get dry-he renews it every day. The self-righteous man thinks he is too good to go to Heaven by theway a sinner goes-and so he never goes at all.

Some, who have no forms of religion, are, nevertheless, wonderfully self-righteous. They are not Christians, but in theirown opinion they are quite as good as Christians. In fact, they think they are a great deal better! Yet their con-

science must tell them that this is a lie. Still, they flatter themselves in their own conceit and hide away in a refuge oflies till God, Himself, says, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?" And we cannot answer the question unlessit is in the words of the text, where the Lord says, "Therefore I will melt them, and try them." They will have to go intothe fire and be melted down before they will be meet for the Master's use.

There are some others who will not come to Christ because they are so full of levity and fickleness. They are all froth, allfun. They live like butterflies-they suck in the juices from the flowers-and flit from one to the other. They are easily impressed,one way and another, but there is no heart in them. "Ephraim is a silly dove without heart." They have no stability, theyare fickle. They are like the morning cloud that is soon blown away-as the early dew that melts in the beams of the risingsun-so is their goodness soon departed from them. How are they to be saved? Some of you have been awakened 50 times, already,and if you had been at some places of worship, you would say that you had been converted a dozen times! But I hope we willnever flatter you into that delusion. I have heard some people say that they have been converted ever so many times. How cana person be born again more than once? I have heard of being born again, and I know that it is possible-but to be born again,and again, and again, must be impossible-that cannot be! Yet people of this sort are good, bad, or indifferent, just as thefit takes them, for they are fickle, changeable-one does not know where to find them.

And in addition, there is another class of persons that are insincere. There is no depth of earth about them. They do notreally feel what they think they feel. And when they say that they believe, they do not really believe in their heart. Theypromise, too, when they are ill, what saints they will be if the Lord will but raise them up-but when they get well, again,they are not saints. How many have promised and vowed that if they but escaped in such an accident, or their lives were sparedin such a disease, they would seek the Lord-yet they have done nothing of the kind! So again, tonight, the question has tobe asked about them by God, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?"

Now, having brought before you these characters, or held up the mirror of God's Word so that you might see yourselves in it,I want you to notice how God very often deals with such people. According to my text they will have to feel the furnace.

I have noticed, during a considerable period of time, some of the self-righteous and the outwardly-religious put into thefire and melted by being permitted to fall into some gross and open sin. I knew a young man, an excellent and worthy youngfellow he was to all appearance. But he was entirely wrapped up in his own righteousness-and there was no getting at him.Under the stress of a sudden temptation in the workshop, he distinctly told a lie. It was a very sorrowful business. Nobodybut he knew that he had done so. It was never found out, but he knew that he had told a distinct and willful lie-and he feltso ashamed of himself that all his pretty buildings of self-righteousness vanished away in a moment! And instead of beinggreat and grand, as he had been, he had to come to Christ with the publican's prayer, "God be merciful to me a sinner."

He had such a sense of right and wrong that he condemned himself outright. He came to me in an awful state of mind. Therewere thousands of men who would have done what he had done and never thought the worse of themselves for it-but he had a conscienceand a truthful spirit-and he felt mean as dirt for having told his master a falsehood. God blessed that experience to him!He was melted right down and, in the bitterness of his spirit, he cried, for weeks, for mercy and, by God's Grace, he wasto find it at the Savior's feet. I pray God that none of you self-righteous people may be left to go into an open sin, butit may be that the Lord may leave you to yourselves-to let you see what you really are-for you probably have no idea whatyou are. I, as the servant of God, might flood my face with tears and weep over you if I could prophesy what you will yetdo if restraint is taken from you-for in your heart there are the eggs of all manner of sins-and it only needs favorable circumstancesfor these to be hatched out into a very cage of unclean birds. That is one way in which I have seen men melted.

Some, again, have been melted down by temporal calamities. I have seen a very great man, with his diamond ring flashing onhis finger-I was almost going to say, "and with bells on his toes"-for he would almost have liked to wear them there if hecould, to call attention to his superior position and his eminent rank. He was a gentleman. He felt that he was and, as topreaching to him as a poor sinner, he was offended at the idea! He had good health and strength, too, and he was not goingto die. He counted it one of the wisest things to "drive dull care away." He was merry-hearted, full

of spirits, and the Gospel had no power over him. "Take it to the dying," he said, "take it to the poor people down in theslums. It is the right thing for them, but I-I do not need it."

Yes, but when his fortune melted, he began to melt a little. And when his health went and he found himself on a sick-bed-andthose who once did him reverence, forgot him, and he was almost without a friend-then he wanted to come round to God by theback door, somehow, and cry, "God be merciful to me a sinner!" Oh, yes, there are some who cannot be saved as long as theyhave a silver spoon in their mouths! But when they are brought to poverty, it is the nearest way round to the Father's House,round by the far country where they would gladly fill their bellies with the husks that the swine eat!

Some years ago a young gentleman, whose father was a godly man, told me that he was keeping racehorses, and betting. I saidto him, "That is right, bet all your money away, and when you have nothing left, you will come to your father's God. Maybethat is the way home for you-an empty pocket, a ragged coat, and a sick body. Then, perhaps, you will turn to God." The Lordhas often done so with men. Am I speaking to any who are passing through such a trial as that? God grant that your povertyshall lead you to the best riches! And your sickness conduct you to eternal health!

At other times, without any overt sin, without any temporal trouble, God has ways of taking men apart from their fellows andwhipping them behind the door. It has been my lot to meet with, not merely hundreds, but I think I may say, thousands of soulsin this condition. Wherever I go, I feel an intense happiness in meeting with miserable, brokenhearted souls, because I believethey are on the way to the possession of a new heart and a right spirit! God is dealing with them in a way of love, thoughHis way seems to them to be very rough. I have tried to cheer them. I have prayed with and for them. They have told me thattheir sin haunts them day and night-they cannot hope for mercy and cannot think that God will ever blot out their transgressions.Their Bible seems to thunder at them as they read it. Their heart is heavy, their friends think them melancholy-talk aboutputting them in an asylum-and I do not know what, besides! They are ground down and brought low. This is all meant to workfor their good-they would not come to God any other way. It is by such an experience that God is fulfilling His Word, "I willmelt them, and try them."

In all this God has one great objective. It is just this, first, to hide pride from men. God will not save us and have usproud. He will not let any one of us throw up his cap and glorify himself for his own salvation. Grace must have the gloryof it from first to last! Beside that, God means to take us out of our sin, and to do that, He makes it to be a bitter andan evil thing to us. All that He is doing is to make our sin too heavy for us to carry, to make us sick of sin, fond of Christand earnest after holiness. Blessed is the blow that almost crushes you if it breaks off the connection between you and sin!

The drift of all this experience is to bring us to Christ, to the Great Sacrifice-and none will ever come to Christ but thosewho have nowhere else to go. No man ever puts into this port except under stress of foul weather. Souls try to go anywhereexcept to Christ-but when they cannot go anywhere else, when they are done for, when they are ruined and lost-then it is thatthey fly to Him and take Him to be their All in All! Therefore it takes a long time to get even a child of God to fully understandthe way of salvation by sacrifice.

I went to see my venerable friend, George Rogers, yesterday. He is close upon 92 and cannot leave his bed. He has to lie thereand can do nothing for himself-but his mental faculties are as bright as ever. I was not long with him before he said to me,"They do not seem to savor, now, the Sacrifice of Christ and," he added, "you know that Peter believed in the Deity of ourLord and he made such a delightful confession of the Deity of Christ that the Master said, 'Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jona:for flesh and blood has not revealed it unto you, but My Father which is in Heaven.' But," said Mr. Rogers, "although Peterknew the Deity of Christ, and knew it well, he did not know Christ's Sacrifice, for no sooner did his Master begin to tellhim that He was to be crucified, and so on, than, 'Peter took Him, and began to rebuke Him, saying, Be it far from You, Lord;this shall not be unto You.' He could not believe it. He could not see the Sacrifice and his Lord had to call him, 'adversary,'and to say to him, 'Get you behind Me: you are an offense unto Me: for you savor not the things that are of God, but thosethat are of men.'"

My dear old friend said, "Until we can see the Sacrifice of Christ, we have not seen things as they really are in God's sight.And any Gospel, even if it appears to glorify Christ and has His Deity in it, savors of the things of men and not of the thingsof God if it leaves out Christ's Sacrifice." Mr. Rogers was right! There must be the Sacrifice of Christ-it is that savorwhich we are to make known in every place. That is a sweet savor unto God which we are never to cease to give forth as longas we can speak. But, oh, it takes such a time with some to bring them to smell that blessed savor of the Sac-

rifice of the Son of God! When they do perceive it, they get peace, and light, and love, and liberty! But, until then, GodHimself seems to say concerning them, "How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?"

I have dwelt so long upon the matter of conversion that my time is largely gone. I beg you who can pray to join me in askingGod to bless the word I have spoken.

II. But, in the second place, I want to say something to Christians, for, IN THE MATTER OF CHRISTIAN LIFE, God seems to say," What shall I do for the daughter of my people? I will melt them, and try them."

Some Christians go from joy to joy. Their path, like that of the light, shines more and more unto the perfect day. Why shouldyou and I not be like that? Why should we not simply believe and keep on believing, and go on rejoicing, serving God withall our heart, and resting in the precious blood of Jesus?

There are other Christians who appear to make much progress in Divine things, but it is not true progress. Some appear tohave a great deal of knowledge. They talk as if they knew everything, but when you come to examine them closely, you findthat they do not know hardly anything that they ought to know. Some, too, get a very wonderful experience. You see them swaggerabout. You hear them brag of it until you are disgusted with them. That experience which a man boasts of is an experiencehe ought to be ashamed of! Some, too, seem to have great ability. To hear them talk of what they can do, you would imaginethat they could drive the Church before them and drag the world behind them, and I do not know what besides! Paul said, "WhenI am weak, then am I strong," but these people are so strong that they never know what weakness means!

As for the progress that some professors make in sanctification, why, just look at some of them, and listen to their talltalk! They have not sinned for years! The very principle of sin seems to have died out of them! Poor deluded souls! This iswhat they say, mark you, not what I believe. As for their graces, they have all things and abound. They are as patient asmartyrs. They believe as strongly as John Knox or Martin Luther. You ordinary Christians cannot attain to their stature. Ifthey were to stand bolt upright, they would strike the stars from their places, they are so great and tall! And yet-and yet,there is nothing in their boasting, after all. I do not say that they know that much of their wonderful religion is false.No, but they have wrong ideas, confused notions, addled brains, and so they do not know their own real state. Whereas theysay that they are rich, increased in goods and have need of nothing, they are all the while naked, blind, poor and miserable!

The worst thing about their condition is that some of them do not want to know their real state. They half suspect that itis not what they say it is, but they do not like to be told so. In fact, they get very cross when anyone even hints at thetruth. No one's temper is so imperfect as the perfect man! He soon shows his imperfection. He is the Brother who must notbe touched. You must stand a long way off and look at him with reverence, or else he is soon sorely grieved at you. Some donot want to know their real condition. They have an idea that, perhaps, they are not what they seem to be, but they wouldnot have their dream roughly broken. Instruction is not desired by them. Why are they to be instructed? They know a greatdeal more than anybody else can teach them and they like the man who will speak flatteringly to them- and who will make thembelieve that what they say is all Gospel! Now, there are such people in all our congregations, of whom God might well say,"How shall I deal with the daughter of My people?"

This is what He will do with a great many who are now inflated with a false kind of Grace-"I will melt them, and try them,"says the Lord of Hosts. He will put them to a test. Here is a man who has a quantity of plate and he does not know the valueof it, so he takes it to a goldsmith and asks him what it is worth. "Well," he says, "I cannot exactly tell you, but if yougive me a little time, I will melt it all down and then I will let you know its value." Thus does the Lord deal with manyof His people. They have become very good and very great, as they fancy, and He says, "I will melt them."

This is a natural test for silver and gold, the very best kind of test for precious metal! But in the process of melting,if it is with you, my Brothers and Sisters, as it is with me, the bulk is very much reduced. When God begins to melt us byletting fierce corruptions burn within us, or by allowing our spirits to be depressed and our minds to be darkened, oh, whata shrinkage there seems to be almost immediately in that melting pot! What fear takes hold upon us, then, lest we should shrinkto nothing and disappear altogether!

Then, also, the fashion of the precious metal is marred-its beauty soon departs. That silver vase was beautifully fashioned,but when it is melted, nothing of the design remains. All that is of human fashioning is lost in the melting pot. Were youever in the melting pot, dear Friends? I have been there and my sermons with me, and my frames and feelings

and all my good works. They seemed to quite fill the pot till the fire burned up-and then I looked to see what there was unconsumed-andif it had not been that I had a simple faith in my Lord Jesus Christ, I am afraid I should not have found anything left! Thisis what God will do with all His people unless they walk very humbly with Him. "He that is down needs fear no fall." He thatis pure gold will lose nothing in the melting. But he that is somebody in his own opinion will have to come down a peg ortwo before long. It is well that it is so, for if it were not, we should soon grow proud, worldly and careless-and even licentious-forit is strange, but it is true, that the next thing to a boast of perfect holiness has almost always, throughout history, beenintense licentiousness! How it comes to be so, perhaps they who study metaphysics can tell, but so it has constantly beenin the history of mankind. When you fancy that you are out of gunshot, there is an enemy close at hand. When you dream thatthe road is safe, there is a pitfall just before you. When you say, "I am perfectly holy," the very pride that makes you sayso is an indication of a deadly cancer of self-righteousness that is eating into your very soul!

Now, Beloved, the result of melting is truth and humility. The result of melting is that we arrive at a true valuation ofthings. The result of melting is that we are poured out into a new and better fashion. And, oh, we may almost wish for themelting pot if we may but get rid of the dross, if we may but be pure, if we may but be fashioned more completely like untoour Lord!

If any of you who have been converted are undergoing a melting just now, do not be staggered by it. It is no strange thingthat has happened to you and it is no evil thing. You have, no doubt, needed it. You were growing too gross, too careless-andit was necessary for you that you should be melted. Now God has given you the highest proof of His love in this melting, thisscourging, this suffering, this breaking down, this annihilating of carnal confidence, this hanging up of Mr. Presumptionby the neck that he may die-that self may fall-and that Jesus may be All in All. God grant that it may be so!

III. I was going to speak about this principle in THE MATTER OF THE CHURCH OF GOD IN ITS CORPORATE CAPACITY, but I will speakof that at another time if the Lord permits. This you may take for granted, that, if God has chosen us, but we are not willingto go in His way and humbly trust in Jesus, and have Him to be our All in All, the Lord will not give us up, but He will meltus, and try us till we are fit to run in any mold that He likes to use.

God bless you, and save you, and comfort you, for Jesus Christ's sake! Amen.


Verse 1. Oh that my head were waters, and my eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of thedaughter of my people! Jeremiah foresaw that the Chaldeans would come up and so many would be slain that the nation wouldbe almost destroyed.

2. Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! For theyare all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men. He mourned because of the doom that awaited them, but he equally mournedbecause of the sin that would bring that doom upon them. He wished that he could get away into one of those refuges whichwere provided in lonely places, where travelers might lodge for a night.

3. And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies. They made use of the tongue, as if it were a bow, to shoot out lies.It is a very graphic description of the men of Jeremiah's day. He dips his pen in his heart's blood as he writes about them.

3. But they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth. Oh, no! No one stood up for the Truth of God in those days. No manwas willing to suffer for it, to argue for it, or even to acknowledge it.

3. For they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not Me, says the LORD. They grew worse and worse. It is the way of wickedmen to ripen into greater sin. They proceeded from evil to evil-and Jeremiah had Jehovah's testimony for it that, though theyknew a great many things, they did not know the LORD-"They know not Me, says the LORD."

4. Take you heed, everyone, of his neighbor, and trust you not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, andevery neighbor will walk with slander. It was an evil time, indeed, when, even in the domestic circle, there could be no

brotherly confidence. "Every brother will utterly supplant." Jacob's name, you remember, was, "supplanter," and all thesemen were Jacobs, each one ready to supplant his brother, to throw him on one side that he might occupy his place. As to neighborlyconduct, there was none-the neighbors were all gossips and slanderers of one another.

5. And they will deceive, everyone, his neighbor, and will not speak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies,and weary themselves to commit iniquity. What a sad state they were in! Their tongues spoke lies without any teaching andthey schooled them till they were masters of the art of lying. They each had a D.D.-Doctor of Dissembling-they understoodthe art thoroughly! They had taught their tongue to speak lies and they had committed so much evil that they even tired themselvesin the doing of it!

6. Their habitation is in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know Me, says the LORD. Putting forth all theircritical ingenuity to get rid of God, His Word, Inspiration and the Divine Sacrifice, doing all they could that they mightnot know God!

7. 8. Therefore thus says the LORD of Hosts, Behold, I will melt them, and try them; for how shall I deal with the daughterof My people? Their tongue is as an arrow shot out; it speaks deceit: one speaks peaceably to his neighbor with his mouth,but in heart he lies in wait. Do you wonder that Jeremiah wept? With so true a spirit, so tender and sympathetic, he couldnot bear it when man had become man's worst enemy and no man could be relied upon-for all practiced and spoke deceit.

9. Shall I not visit them for these things? says the LORD: shall not My soul be avenged on such a nation as this? Divine Justicesets the fire of indignation burning. Nothing excites God's wrath more than continued lies and deceit, unkind-ness, unbrotherlyconduct and unholiness of life. Put all these evils together and you have more than enough God-provoking sins calling foran avenging visitation!

10. For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation, becausethey are burned up, so that none can pass through them; neither can men hear the voice of the cattle; both the fowl of theheavens and the beast are fled; they are gone. The Prophet pictures what the Chaldeans would do. They would not only destroythe cities, but they would even rob the hills of their cattle and sweep the fields till there would be nothing left that mencould gather.

11. And I will make Jerusalem heaps, and a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.Jeremiah had to live to see all this. The thought of it pulled up the sluices of his tears and made him wish that all theclouds and seas and rains would come and dwell in his eyes, for his grief had need of all the watery things that Nature couldproduce. George Herbert sings, and I quote his lines to illustrate the depth of Jeremiah's grief-

"Letevery vein

Suck up a river to supply my eyes, My weary, weeping eyes, too dry for me, Unless they get new conduits, new supplies, Tobear them out, and with my state agree."

12. Who is the wise man that may understand this? And who is he to whom the mouth of the LORD has spoken, that he may declareit, for why does the land perish and is burned up like a wilderness, that none passes through? The land would never have beendesolate if it had not been for the wickedness of the people. Sin-sin it is that does the mischief! There are some who cavilat the punishment that God puts upon sin-they would do better if they found fault with the sin which brings its own punishmentwith it. There is nothing arbitrary in God's justice-He allows sin, itself, to ripen, and when it is finished, it brings fortheternal death.

13. 14. And the LORD says, Because they have forsaken My Law which I set before them, and have not obeyed My voice, neitherwalked therein; but have walked after the imagination of their own heart, and after Baalim. After many Baals, is the meaning-manyare the gods that men make for themselves when they turn away from Jehovah.

14. 15. Which their fathers taught them: therefore thus says the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them,even this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink. You cannot sin without suffering. If you will not drinkof the waters of obedience, but will drink of the waters of rebellion, they shall be bitter.

16. I will scatter them, also, among the heathen, whom neither they nor their fathers have known: and I will send a swordafter them, till I have consumed them. A patriot for man, a Prophet for God, do you marvel that he wept?

17. Thus says the LORD of Hosts, Consider you, and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for cunning women,that they may come. These were the hired mourners, the women who were paid to go to funerals and simulate grief. "Send foryour weepers now," said the LORD of Hosts, "for if you ever needed mourners, you need them now."

18. 19. And let them make haste, and take up a wailing for us, that our eyes may run down with tears, and our eyelids gushout with waters. For a voice of wailing is heard out of Zion. These were no mock mourners-but real weepers who had cause tomourn.

19. How are we plundered! We are greatly confounded. Why did they not say, "How we have sinned"? No, men will think of thepunishment they suffer-but they will overlook the sin they commit!

19. Because we have forsaken the land, because our dwellings have cast us out. Why did not they say, "Because we have forsakenthe LORD, because we have cast off the worship of Jehovah"? You cannot bring men to that point. They quarrel with the rodrather than with the hand that holds it. They mourn over the result of sin-but to the sin, itself, they still cling.

20. 21. Yet hear the word of the LORD, O you women, and let your ears receive the word of His mouth, and teach your daughterswailing, and everyone, her neighbor, lamentation. For death is come up into our windows. It did not wait to come in by thedoor. In time of war or pestilence, death comes how it will through every casement, closed or open.

21. And is entered into our palaces, to cut off the children from without, and the young men from the streets. Generally,in war, they spare the children, and they carry the young men away as captives. The Chaldeans were cruel-they killed the littleones-and they slew the young men.

22. Speak, Thus says the LORD, Even the carcasses of men shall fall as dung upon the open field, and as the handful afterthe harvestman, and none shall gather them. So dreadful was the devastation that was worked by these Chaldeans on accountof the people's sin, that dead bodies lay like heaps of dung that the farmer strews upon the field!

23. 24. Thus says the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let notthe rich man glory in his riches: but let him that glories glory in this, that he understands and knows Me, that I am theLORD which exercises loving kindness, judgment, and righteousness in the earth: for in these things I delight, says the LORD.This was the God who turned, again, to His rebellious people and who would have been glad if they had but known Him. He wouldhave made them richer than the rich, and wiser than the wise, and mightier than the mighty-but they would not have the thingsin which Jehovah delighted.

25. Behold, the days come, says the LORD, that I will punish all them which are circumcised with the uncircumcised. If theysin like others, they shall die like others, circumcised or uncircumcised, baptized or unbaptized.

26. Egypt, and Judah, and Edom. You see that Judah is sandwiched in between Egypt and Edom. Those who were the people of Godare put in the same category with the accursed nation because they had forsaken Him and mixed up with them.

26. And the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the utmost corners that dwell in the wilderness: for all thesenations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart. If the heart is not right with God,vain are all external rites!