Sermon 1966. The Death of Moses
A SERMON DELIVERED ON LORD'S-DAY MORNING, JUNE 5, 1887,
BY C. H. SPURGEON,
AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.
"So Moses, the servant of the Lord, died there in the land of Moab, according to the Word of the Lord." Deuteronomy 34:5.
WHAT an honorable title! Moses is distinguished as "the servant of Jehovah." He was this of choice, for he willed to be theservant of God rather than to be great in the land of the Pharaohs. Such he was most perseveringly throughout the whole ofhis life. Such he was most intensely, for he waited upon God for his directions, as a servant waits upon his master, and heendeavored to do all things according to the pattern which was shown him in the holy mountain. Though he was king in Jeshurun,he never acted on his own authority, but was the lowly instrument of the Divine will. Moses was faithful to God in all hishouse, as a servant. You neither see him overstepping his office nor neglecting it. His reverence for the Lord's name wasdeep, his devotion to the Lord's cause was complete and his confidence in the Lord's Word was constant. He was a true servantof God from the time when he was appointed at the burning bush until the hour when he surrendered his keys of office to hissuccessor and climbed the appointed mountain to die. Oh that you and I may so live as to prove ourselves servants of God!
Unto as many as have received Him, our Lord Jesus has given power to become the sons of God and this is our great joy! Butas sons we aspire to serve our Father, even as His great first-born Son has done, who took upon Himself the form of a Servantthat He might accomplish His Father's good pleasure for His Church. Let us with good will do service unto our Father who isin Heaven, seeing it is but our reasonable service that we should lay out ourselves for Him who has made us His sons and daughters.Redeemed from the slavery of sin, let us, as the Lord's freemen, cry unto Him henceforth, "O Lord, truly I am Your servant;I am Your servant and the son of Your handmaid: You have loosed my bonds."
But servant of God as Moses was, he must die. It is the common lot of men. Only two have passed out of this world into theabodes of Glory without fording the stream of death. Moses is not one of the two. Even had he crossed the Jordan into Canaan,he would, in due course, have died in the land. We might have expected that he would live on till the people were settledin Canaan, but it seemed right unto the Lord God that on account of his one slip he should die outside of the Promised Land,like the rest of the people. Only Caleb and Joshua, of all that generation who came out of Egypt, were permitted to possessthe land towards which they had journeyed for 40 years!
If that one offense lost Moses the privilege of entering the earthly Canaan, there may have been still more powerful reasonswhy he should not enter the heavenly Canaan without experiencing the change of death. He must not make a third with Enochand Elijah, but he must die and be buried. Such will probably be our lot in due season. Brothers and Sisters, it may be thatwe shall not die-our Lord Jesus may come before we fall asleep-but if He does not come speedily, we shall find that it isappointed unto all men once to die. We shall pass from this world unto the Father by that common road which is beaten hardby the innumerable feet of mortal men. Since we must die, it is well to meditate upon the solemn future. Moses shall be ourteacher in the are of dying. We will consider his decease in the hope that our fears may be removed and our desires may beexcited. There is a Pisgah where we must yield up the ghost and be gathered to our fathers-may we climb to it as willinglyas did Moses, the servant of God!
The manner of Moses' death is exceedingly remarkable. I suppose that no subject presents a finer field for oratory than thesublime decease of the Prophet, but we have nothing to do with oratory-our objective is spiritual and practical profit. Poetsmight well expend their noblest powers in depicting this strange scene of the man of God alone on the mountain's brow, withthe view of Canaan at his feet and himself in holy rapture passing away into the eternal state. We
are not poets, but simple Believers, desiring to learn some holy lesson from the death of one who, though the greatest ofmen, knew no higher honor than to be the servant of the Lord! Oh that the Spirit of Grace and Truth who has come to us byChrist Jesus may help us find instruction in the death of him who brought the Law from the mouth of God to men!
I. We are told in the text that, "Moses, the servant of the Lord, died there in the land of Moab, according to the Word ofthe Lord." This I shall read, first, as meaning that Moses died on Pisgah ACCORDING TO THE WARNING OF THE LORD.
His death was long foreseen. Moses knew some time before that he must die without setting foot in Canaan. Read in the firstchapter of Deuteronomy his own account of the sin of the people at Meribah and the Lord's sentence, then and there pronounced-"Surelythere shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I swore to give unto your fathers, saveCaleb, the son of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him will I give the land that he has trodden upon, and to his children,because he has wholly followed the Lord." "Also," adds Moses, "the Lord was angry with me for your sakes, saying, You alsoshall not go in there.'
His death outside of the Promised Land did not come upon him at all as a surprise. He had to see his sister, Miriam, firstof the great trio, fall asleep and, next, he was called to go up to Mount Hor and disrobe his brother, Aaron, of his priestlygarments which he placed upon Eleazar, his son. Moses also had to see the whole of the generation that came out of Egypt withhim buried in the wilderness. The 90th Psalm is his and it is a sort of a Death March-fit hymn for a nation whose track wasmarked by countless graves. Because of unbelief "their carcasses fell in the wilderness." Only Caleb and Joshua remained,the sole survivors of the great host which crossed the Red Sea. The Great Lawgiver had thus abundant pledges of his own departureand he must have had, in his brother's death, a rehearsal of his own. Have not we, also, had many warnings? Are we ready?
Concerning his death in the land of Moab, it is natural to remark that it was exceedingly disappointing. He had been, for40 years, engaged in leading the people to the land of promise-must he die when that country was within a day's march? Itwas his life's work for which he had been prepared by 40 years in Egypt, where he became learned in all the wisdom of theEgyptians-and by another 40 years in the solitary wilderness where he kept sheep and held high fellowship with God. His third40 years had been spent in freeing Israel from Egypt, training them to become a nation and conducting them to the land ofpromise-must he now expire before the nation entered in? What years his had been! What a life was that of Moses! How gloriouswas the man who had confronted Pharaoh and broken the pride of Egypt! How tried and troubled a man had he been while calledto carry all that nation in his bosom and care for them as a shepherd cares for his sheep! His was a task that well-near brokehim down and, had not the man Moses been made very meek by the indwelling Spirit of the Lord, and had he not also been graciouslysustained by fellowship with God, his task had proven too heavy even for him.
Yet, after all that toil in fashioning a nation, he must die before the long-expected conquest! It was a bitter disappointmentwhen first the sentence pierced his heart. He had known one great disappointment before, for Stephen tells us, that when hesmote the Egyptian, "he supposed his brethren would have understood how that God, by his hand, would deliver them: but theyunderstood not." Then, when his brethren had refused him, he fled into the land of Midian, a rejected leader, a patriot whoseheroism had only brought forth from his countrymen the contemptuous question, "Who made you a prince and a judge over us?"But this denial of entrance into Canaan was still a greater disappointment! To have toiled so long and to reap no harvest.To see the land, but not to enter it. To bring the tribes to the Jordan's brink-and then to die in Moab after all-it was agrievous disappointment. Brothers and Sisters, are we ready to say as to our most cherished hope, "Your will be done"? Arewe holding our life's dearest purpose with a loose hand? It will be our wisdom to do so.
Apparently it was a severe chastisement. His offense was but one, but it excluded him from Canaan. We have not time to describein detail the sin of Moses. It would appear to have been a sin of unbelief occasioned by his feeling so intensely for andwith the people. Moses was thoroughly knit to Israel. When they sinned, he interceded as for himself. When Jehovah made himthe offer that He would make of him a great nation, he declined it solely from his love for Israel. He lived for the nationand for the nation he died. Remember how once he went so far as to say, "If not, blot me, I pray You, out of Your Book whichYou have written." In every way he was of the people, bone of their bone and flesh of their flesh. Israel was hidden in hisheart and out of that master passion of sympathy with the people came the weakness which, at
last, made him speak unadvisedly with his lips. They strove with God and though Moses never yielded a point to them in thatwielded contest, yet their unbelief so far influenced him that he spoke in anger and said, "Hear now, you rebels; must wefetch you water out of this rock?"
Then "the Lord spoke unto Moses and Aaron, Because you believed Me not, to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children of Israel,therefore you shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them" (Num 20:12). Three times in the Book of Deuteronomy Moses tells the people, "The Lord was angry with me for your sakes." It was notso much that which Moses did personally which involved him in judgment, but he suffered because of his being mixed up withIsrael! As the Lord had, before, spared the people for Moses' sake, it became necessary that, when he in any measure sharedin their great sin of unbelief, he should be chastened for their sake as well as his own. His faith had saved them and nowhis unbelief, being backed by theirs, secures for him the sentence of exclusion from the land.
My Brothers and Sisters, when I think of this severity of discipline towards so faithful a servant as Moses, I do exceedinglyfear and quake! Truly, "the Lord our God is a jealous God." We are sure that He is never unjust. We are sure that He is neverunduly severe. We do not, for a moment, impugn the righteousness or even the love of our God in this or any other act, butHe is terrible out of His holy places. How true it is that He will be sanctified in them that come near to Him! Behold andwonder! That highly-favored servant, Moses, though always accepted in the economy of Grace, yet must he come under the ruleof the house and feel the chastising hand if he transgresses! Hence the sentence of exclusion is passed. As he had once joinedthat unbelieving generation by manifesting a measure of hasty unbelief, he must now share their doom and die on Moab's sideof Jordan. "Righteous are You, O Lord, and upright are Your judgments." Oh for Grace to behave ourselves aright in Your house!Lord, teach us Your statutes and keep us in Your way.
Beloved, it seemed a great calamity that Moses must die when he did. He was an aged man as to years, but not as to condition.It is true he was 120 years old, but his father and his grandfather and his great grandfather had all lived beyond that age-twoof them reaching 127-so that he might naturally have expected a longer lease of life. This truly grand old man had not failedin any respect. His eyes were not dim, neither had his natural force abated and, therefore, he might have expected to liveon. Besides, it seems a painful thing for a man to die while he was capable of so much work-when, indeed, he was more mature,more gracious, more wise than ever! The mental and spiritual powers of Moses were greater in the latter days of his life thanever before. Notice his wonderful song! Observe his marvelous address to the people! He was in the prime of his mental manhood!He had been tutored by a long experience, chastened by a marvelous discipline and elevated by a sublime communion with God-andyet he must die. How strange that when a man seems most fit to live, it is then that the mandate comes, "Get you up into themountain and die"!
Naturally speaking, it seemed a sad loss for the people of Israel. Who but Moses could rule them? Even he could scarcely controlthem! They were a heavy burden, even to his meekness-who else could so successfully act as king in Jeshurun? Without Mosesto awe them, what will not these rebels do? It was a grave experiment to place a younger and an inferior man in the seat ofpower when the nation was entering upon its great campaign. It would need all the faith and discretion of Moses to conductthe conquest of the country and to divide their portions to the tribes. Yet so it must be-precious as his life was, the Wordof God went forth, "Get you up into the top of Pisgah: for you shall not go over this Jordan." Even thus to the best and mostuseful must the summons come. Who would wish to forbid the Lord to call home His own when He wills?
The sentence was not to be averted by prayer. Moses tells us that he besought the Lord at that time, "O Lord God, You havebegun to show Your servant Your greatness and Your mighty hand: for what God is there in Heaven or in earth that can do accordingto Your works and according to Your might? I pray You, let me go over and see the good land that is beyond Jordan, that goodlymountain, and Lebanon." This was altogether a very proper prayer. He did not plead his own services, but he urged the formermercies of the Lord. Surely this was good pleading and he might have hoped to prevail for himself, seeing he had formerlybeen heard for a whole nation. But no. This blessing must be denied him. The Lord said, "Let it suffice you; speak no moreunto Me of this matter." Moses never again opened his lips upon the subject. He did not beseech the Lord thrice, as Paul did,in his hour of trouble, but seeing that the sentence was final, he bowed his head in holy consent.
Brethren, he had often asked a greater thing than this of the Lord, his God! Once he had even dared to say, "I beseech You,show me Your Glory," and he was heard even in that high request. The Lord placed him in the cleft of the
rock and made all His goodness pass before him. Yet now he begs for a comparatively small thing-and it is refused. What amercy that it is in the small things of this life that our requests may be denied, but in the things which touch the Kingdomof the Lord, our prayer never returns empty! All Heaven is open to our bended knee, though for wise ends and purposes a Canaanon earth may be closed against us. All-sufficient Grace was given though the thorn was not removed-Moses, the servant of theLord, died, but triumphed over death!
When I thought of the trial of Moses in being shut out of the land, I found myself unable to read the chapter which lay openbefore me, for I was blinded by my tears. How shall any of us stand before a God so holy? Where Moses errs how shall we befaultless? Never servant more favored of his Lord and yet even he must undergo a disappointment so great as a rebuke for asingle fault. The flower of his life is broken off from the stalk for one act of unbelief. To be exalted so near to God isto be involved in a great responsibility. A fierce light beats about the Throne of God. He that is the King's chosen, admittedto continual communion with Him, must stand in awe of Him. Well is it written, "Serve the Lord with fear and rejoice withtrembling." An offense which might be passed over as a mere trifle in an ordinary subject would be very serious in a princeof the blood who had been favored with royal secrets and had been permitted to lean his head upon the bosom of the King.
If we live near to God we cannot sin without incurring sharp rebukes. Even the common run of the elect must remember thoseWords of God, "You only have I known of all the families of the earth, therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities."Much more must the elect out of the elect hear such a warning! God did, in effect, say to Moses, "You, only, have I chosenof all mankind to speak with Me face to face and, therefore, since you have failed in your faith after such communion withMe, it behooves Me, in very faithfulness and love towards you, to mark your failure with an evident token of displeasure."The discipline of saints is in this life. I doubt not but many a man's life has come to an end when he wished it to be continuedand he has missed that which he has strived for because of an offense against the Lord committed in his earlier years. Wehad need walk carefully before our jealous God, who will not spare sin anywhere and, least of all, in His own beloved. Hislove to them never fails, but His hatred of their sin burns like coals of juniper. Foolish parents spare the rod, but ourwise Father acts not so! Walk circumspectly, O you heirs of eternal life, for, "even our God is a consuming fire." The Lordgive us to feel the sanctifying power of this passage in the story of the great Lawgiver!
II. But now I have to conduct you to a second point of view. Moses, the man of God, died in the land of Moab "according tothe Word of the Lord," that is, ACCORDING TO THE DIVINE APPOINTMENT.
All the details of the death of Moses had been ordered of the Lord. Time, place and circumstances were arranged by God. So,Brothers and Sisters, it is appointed unto us where we shall die and when we shall die. We speak of certain persons as having"died by accident" and we sometimes bewail the deaths of Christian men as premature-but in the deepest sense it is not so!God has marked out for us the place where and the time when we must resign our breath. Let this suffice us. That which isof Divine appointment should be to our contentment. We do not believe in the Kismet of blind fate, but we believe in the predestinationof Infinite Wisdom and, therefore, we say, "It is the Lord, let Him do what seems good to
Moses died according to the Divine appointment, that is also according to an appointment which is very general among God'speople. He died without seeing the full result of his life-work. If you look down the list of the servants of God, you willfind that the most of them die before the objective which they had in view is fully accomplished. It is true that we are immortaltill our work is done, but then we usually think that our work is something other than it is. It never was the work of Mosesto lead Israel into the Promised Land! It was his wish, but not his work. His work he saw, but his wish he saw not. Mosesreally did finish his own proper work, but the desire of his heart was to have seen the people settled in their land and thiswas not granted him. Thus David gathered together gold and silver with which to build the Temple, but he was not to buildit. Solomon, his son, undertook the work.
Even thus, great Reformers rise and speak the Truth of God and cause colossal systems of error to tremble, but they do not,themselves, utterly destroy those evils. Their successors continue the work. Most men have to sow that others may reap. Theprayer of Moses is fulfilled to others as well as to himself-"Let Your work appear unto Your servants and Your Glory untotheir children." We must not hope to engross all things. Let us be content to do our own part in laying
the foundation upon which other men may build in due course. It is according to the Divine appointment which links us witheach other that one plants and another waters, one brings out of Egypt and another leads into Canaan.
And I may here notice that Moses thus "died according to the Word of the Lord" for a deep dispensational reason. It was notfor Moses to give the people rest, for the Law of God gives no man rest and brings no man to Heaven. The Law may bring usto the borders of the promise, but only Joshua or Jesus can bring us into Grace and Truth. If Moses had given them Canaan,the allegory would have seemed to teach us that rest might be obtained by the Law of God, but as Moses must be laid asleepand buried by Divine hands, so must the Law cease to rule so that the Covenant of Grace may lead us into the fullness of peace-
"Moses may lead to Jordan's flood,
But there surrenders his command.
Our Joshua must the waves divide,
And bring us to the promised land.
Trained by the Law, we learn our place,
But gain the inheritance by Grace." Thus there was a mysterious reason why Moses should die in Moab, according to the eternalpurpose of God. Not without such Divine decree shall any other of the servants of the Lord depart out of the camp of Israel.We also shall, in life and death, answer some gracious purpose of the Lord. Are we not glad to have it so? Yes, Lord, Yourwill be done! III. I have conducted you a little out of the dark, now, and the sky is clearing around us. In the third place,Moses
died ACCORDING TO THE LOVING WISDOM OF THE LORD. It was a meet thing, a wise thing and a kind thing
that Moses should not go over Jordan.
First, by so doing he preserved his identity with the people for whom he had cared. For their sakes he had forsaken a princedomin Egypt and now, for their sakes, he loses a home in Palestine. He had suffered with them, "esteeming the reproach of Christgreater riches than all the treasures of Egypt," and he had been with them in all that great and terrible wilderness, afflictedin all their affliction, bearing and carrying them in God's name all his days-was it not meet that he should at last die withthem? He had been, all along, the mirror of self-denial-neither for himself, nor his brother, nor his son had he sought honor-helived only for others and never for himself. And his death was agreeable with his whole life, for he leads others to the borderof Canaan, but enters it not, himself. He sleeps with the older nation. He ends his career on this side of Jordan, like allthe generation which he had numbered when they came out from under the iron hand of the Egyptian tyrant. It seemed fit thatone so identified with the people should say, "Where you die, I will die." Are not we satisfied to take our lot with the holymen and women who already sleep in Jesus?
Moreover, Moses might be well content to die then and there, since he was thus released from all further trial. Surely hehad known enough of sorrow in connection with that rebellious nation! Forty years was enough for a pastorate over a peopleso fickle and perverse. Surely he must have blessed the hand that removed his shoulder from the burden! His was no life ofluxury and ease, but of stern self-denial and perpetual provocation. What trial he endured! What self-restraint he exercised!What a lonely life he led! Are you surprised to hear me say that? With whom could he associate? Even Aaron, his brother, wasa poor comrade for such a man! Remember how he failed Moses when that man of God was absent for 40 days upon the Mountainwith God? It was Aaron that made the golden calf and this clearly proved his spiritual inferiority to Moses. The man of Godhad to watch even his brother who stood next to him! With whom could he take counsel? Who would talk with him as a friend?He dwelt apart and shone as a lone star.
It is significant that he died alone, for so had he lived. Aaron had tender attendants to disrobe him. He who put the vestmentson most fitly aided to take them off, but the crown which Moses wore, God, Himself, had set upon his brow and no human handmust remove it. Surely this burdened watcher of Israel must have been glad when his watch was over! Surely this lonely man,after 120 years of service, must have felt it a happy release to be admitted to the glorious society of Heaven! As Noah wasa preacher of righteousness for 120 years and then entered into the ark, so Moses, after 120 years of service, enters intohis rest. Is it not well? Do you grieve that the battle is fought and the victory is won forever? We, also, in our deaths,shall find the end of toil and labor-and the rest will be glorious!
Remember, in the next place, that by his so dying he was relieved from a fresh strain upon him which would have been involvedin the conquest of Canaan. He would have crossed the Jordan, not to enjoy the country, but to fight for it-was he not wellout of so severe a struggle? You think of the clusters of Eshcol, but I am thinking of the sieges and the battles.
Was it so very desirable to be there? Would Moses really have desired that dreadful fray? Was it not a gracious act on thepart of the Commander-in-Chief to relieve from his command a veteran who had already served through 40 years of war? The Lordwould not put upon Moses a burden so little agreeable to his age and to his turn of mind as that of executing the condemnedCanaanites. Joshua was naturally a man of war-let him use the sword, for Moses was abler at the pen. Recollect that the peopleof Israel were no better when they reached Canaan than when they were in the wilderness-they suffered defeat through unbelief-andthey missed much of their inheritance through self-indulgence. Moses had seen enough of them on one side Jordan, without beingtroubled with them on the other. The Lord, therefore, graciously took His servant off the active list, and promoted him toa higher sphere. Let us not be distressed by the fact that He will one day perform the like kindness to us in our turn.
"But," you will say, "surely it might have been as well if Moses had lived to have seen Joshua win the country!" Would thishave been desirable? Do active men find much delight in sitting still and seeing others take the lead? Moreover, had Moseslived, he would, before long, have felt those infirmities from which he had, for 120 years, been screened-is it so very desirableto survive one's powers and to be a tottering old man amidst constant battles? Peace suits age-age agrees not with war's alarms.Had Moses remained the leader of the people, he might have injured the glory of his former days. Have we not seen aged mensurvive their wisdom? Have not their friends wished that they had closed their career long before? Have we not seen pastors,once able and efficient, holding to their pulpits to the injury of the Churches they once edified? Oh that men would havewisdom enough not to undo, in their old age, what they have worked in their youth! Moses is removed before this evil can happento him and it is well.
"But," you say, "perhaps he might have been there to watch with joy the victories of Joshua." Is that always an easy thingto one who has been in the front rank, himself? At least it is not an unmixed privilege-there is a mixture of trial in theblessing. Moses did not "lag superfluous on the stage." He did not survive his work. Who wishes to do so? He passed away onthe crest of the wave before any ebb had set in, or any weakness had been discoverable. He died so as to be missed. Israelwept for him and no man said that he had lived too long. That prayer of his, after all, was a mistake. What would have beenthe particular joy of merely treading the soil of Canaan? The land looked far more beautiful from Pis-gah than it would havedone had he stood by Jericho. Assuredly, at the present day, you and I who have never seen Palestine, have a much more delightfulidea of it than those who have endured its noonday heats and midnight frosts! Moses had more joy in gazing upon it from abovethan in actually warring among its hills.
IV. I must hasten on to say that while the death of Moses thus exhibits the loving wisdom of God, the way in which he diedabundantly displays THE GRACE OF GOD.
After Moses had been well assured that he must die, you never hear a complaint of it, nor even a prayer against it. Rememberthat he, himself, wrote the story and it is charming to see how he recorded his own fault, his prayer to be allowed entranceinto Canaan and its denial. Had he murmured, he would also have recorded this. He seems to me always to write about Mosesas if he were somebody he had known-he is strictly impartial in his praise or blame of himself. He calls himself, "king inJeshurun." He says that the man Moses was very meek and yet he records his outbursts of anger. No man was ever less self-conscious,or lived so little for himself as Moses did! Therefore, when once the Lord told him he must die, he acquiesced without a word.
Most fitly the old man immediately called forth all his energies to finish his work. You will find in the 31st chapter ofthe Book of Numbers that he took in hand a war-"And the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying, Avenge the children of Israel of theMidianites: afterward shall you be gathered unto your people" (Num 31:1, 2). He would die warring with Israel's adversaries and obeying Israel's Lord. Certain ordinances to be observed in war he deliveredto Eleazar and he supervised the division of the spoils. Fearing lest the tribes which had settled east of Jordan might excusethemselves from future labors, he stirred up Reuben and Gad, and gained from them a promise to go over armed with their brethrentill the whole land was conquered.
Furthermore, he prepared his manuscripts, not for the press, but to be put away in the Ark and to be preserved. He would havehis testimony to future generations complete before his hand was paralyzed by death. He knew that he was to die, but he didnot sit down and weep, nor sulk, nor give himself up to bitter forebodings of the hour of departure. He served his God withincreased vigor and was more than ever alive as life neared its close. Then he preached his best ser-
mon. What a wonderful sermon it was! How he poured out his heart in pleading with the people! The sermon over, he began tosing. The swan is fabled to sing but once and that just before it dies.
So did Moses, at the last, give us that famous 90th Psalm, the song commencing, "Give ear, O you heavens, and I will speak;and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the smallrain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass. Because I will publish the name of the Lord: ascribe you greatnessunto our God." Moses had no time for poetry while his whole strength was needed in his government, but now he is about todie, his frame of mind is ecstatic-prose will not content him, he must weave his thoughts into verse. In fine, all the facultiesof his manhood were drawn out to their utmost in a final effort to glorify the Lord, his God. Brothers and Sisters, is notthis a fine fruit of Grace? Oh that we may bear it!
Then he gathered the tribes together and blessed them in prophetic words, pouring out his soul in benedictions. Having alreadycried to God about his successor, he laid his hands upon Joshua and charged him, encouraged him and bade the people help himin all his service.
He did all that remained to be done and then went willingly to his end-
"Sweet was the journey to the sky,
The wondrous Prophet tried.
'Climb up the mount,'says God, ' and die.'
The Prophet climbed and died.
Softly his fainting head he lay
Upon his Maker's breast.
His Maker kissed his soul away,
And laid his flesh to rest."
We, my Brothers, also expect to die. Let us not fear it, but let us awaken ourselves to labor more abundantly. Let us preachmore boldly, let us sing more sweetly, let us pray more ardently. As flowers, before they shed their leaves, pour out alltheir perfumes, so let us pour out our souls unto the Lord! Let us live while we live! And dying, let us die unto the Lord!May our life-work close as the sun sets, looking greater when he sinks into the west than when he shines at full meridianheight!
V. Now let us conclude by noticing, in the last place, that Moses died, "according to the Word of the Lord," that is, ACCORDINGTO THE DIVINE FAVOR.
His death leaves nothing to regret and neither is any desirable thing lacking. Failing to pass over Jordan seems a mere pin'sprick in presence of the honors which surrounded his departing hours. His death was the climax of his life. He now saw thathe had fulfilled his destiny and was not as a pillar broken short. He was ordered to lead the people through the wildernessand he had done so. There they stood on the borders of their heritage-a people molded by his hands. By his instrumentalitythey were, so to speak, a regenerated race, far more fit than their fathers, to become a nation. The degrading results oflong bondage had been shaken off in the free air of the desert. They were all young men, vigorous, hardy and ready for thefray. It is grand to pass away while there is nothing of infirmity yet seen, nothing left undone and nothing allowed to failthrough too long persistence in office. We may say of Moses that he did-
"His body with his charge lay down, And cease at once to work and live."
Moreover, his successor was appointed and was just below in the plain. It was not his son, but it was his servant who hadbecome his son at last. He did not leave his flock to be scattered, his building to be thrown down. Happy Moses, to see hisJoshua! Happy Elijah, to see his Elisha! No trembling, for the Ark of the Lord mars such a departure. The succession of workerslies with the Master, not with the workers! We are to train men, "who can also teach others"-but our own special work we mustleave with the Lord. Yet as Paul was glad for Timothy, so must Moses have rejoiced over Joshua and felt, in his appointment,a release from care.
He died, moreover, in the best company possible. Some men expire most fitly in the presence of their children-their strengthhas laid in their domestic duties and affections and their children fitly close their eyes. But for the man, Moses, therewas no true kindred. You hear that he married an Ethiopian woman, but you know nothing about her. You know that he had sons,but you do not hear a word about them except their names-their father was too engrossed in honoring his God to crave officefor them! As we have seen, he lived as to men, alone, and as to men he died, alone. But God was
with him and in the peculiarly near and dear society of God, he closed his life on the lone peak. If he suffered any weakness,no mortal eye beheld it. So far as his people were concerned, "he was not, for God took him." Pisgah was to him the vestibuleof Heaven. God met him at the gates of Paradise!
As he died, the sweetness of his last thought was indescribable. Before his strengthened eyes there lay the goodly land andLebanon. The Lord showed him all the land of Gilead unto Daniel. Yonder is Carmel and beyond it he sees the gleam of the utmostsea. Through breaks of the mountains he sees Bethlehem and Jebus, which is Jerusalem. Then, like Abraham, he saw the Day ofChrist-and by faith beheld the track of the Incarnate God! Your land, O Immanuel, appeared before him and he saw it in allits spiritual bearings. What a vision! Yet even this melted into a nobler view. As we have seen in our childhood by the lightof the magic lantern one view dissolve into another, so did the lower scene gradually melt away into another-and the servantof the Lord found himself removed from the shadows which his eyes had seen into the realities which eyes cannot behold! Hehad gone from Canaan below to Canaan above-and from the vision of Jerusalem on earth to the joy of the City of Peace in Glory!
The Rabbis say that our text means that Moses died at the mouth of God and that his soul was taken away by a kiss from theLord's mouth. I do not know, but I have no doubt that there was more sweetness in the truth than even their legend could setforth! As a mother takes her child and kisses it and then lays it down to sleep in its own bed, so did the Lord kiss the soulof Moses away to be with Him forever-and then He hid the body of Moses we know not where. Whoever had such a burial as thatof Moses? Angels contended over it, but Satan has failed to use it for his purposes. That body was not lost, for in due timeit appeared on the Mount of Transfiguration, talking with Jesus concerning the greatest event that ever transpired! Oh thatwe, also, may pass away amid the most joyful prospects! Heaven coming down to us as we go up to Heaven! May we also attainunto the resurrection from among the dead and be with our Lord in His
Soon our turn shall come. [Brother Spurgeon was with His Master in less than five years.] Do we dread it? As we are favoredto serve our Lord, we shall be favored to be called Home in due season. Let us always be ready. Yes, joyfully ready! Whenwe are dying, we shall not see the land of Naphtali and Ephraim, but the Covenant-and the infinite provisions of its promiseswill be spread out before our soul, as Canaan at the feet of Moses! Wrapt in happy enjoyment of precious promises, we shall,with surprise, find ourselves ushered into the place where the promises are all fulfilled-
"There shall we see His face,
And never, never sin!
But from the rivers of His Grace,
Drink endless pleasures in."
To the Believer it is not death to die! Since Jesus has died and risen again, the sting of death is gone-therefore let usprepare ourselves to climb where Moses stood and view the landscape! Amen.