Sermon 1913. Confidence and Concern

(No. 1913)




"For this reason I also suffer these things; nevertheless I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed and am persuadedthat He is able to keep that which I have committed unto Him against that day. Hold fast the form of sound words, which youhave heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. That good thing which was committed unto you keep by the HolySpirit which dwells in us." 2 Timothy 1:12-14.

OUR Apostle was in prison. If he was confined in the Mammertine, those of us who have shivered in that dark underground dungeonmay well pity him. And if he was confined in the prison of the Praetorian Guards, he fared no better, for the near companyof such rough and cruel soldiers would involve much suffering. The Apostle was not only a prisoner, chained by his right handto a soldier both day and night, but he was, to his intense sorrow, forsaken by his friends. The encouragements of Christiancommunion are exceedingly great and the loss of them is very bitter. Those who ought to have gloried in the Apostle for hisfervor, his self-sacrifice, his courage and his zeal, had turned against him. He writes to Timothy, "This you know, that allthey which are in Asia have turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Her-mogenes." It would seem that these two notablepersons were ashamed of Paul's chain and, to their endless disgrace, turned against him.

Deserted in his utmost need, deprived of his liberty and treated as a breaker of the laws, we could not have marveled if theApostle had been somewhat dispirited. Active spirits are apt to fret in confinement and tender hearts bleed under desertion.Beside that, the man of God was in daily danger of execution by the tyrant's sword. He was not likely to be spared by themonster who occupied the Roman throne and already he had the sentence of death in himself. Any morning he might be awakenedby a rough summons to come forth and die. See him, then-such a one as Paul the Aged! Wearing his chain, he sits in his cell,expecting soon to die a cruel death-but instead of being personally discouraged-he has encouragement to spare for others!He is thinking of young Timothy and not of himself! As for himself, he says, "Nevertheless, I am not ashamed." And then hecharges his young Brother not to be disheartened nor shaken in faith, but bravely to carry on the great work committed tohis charge. It is grand to see how calmly this man bore himself! In his case it was, indeed, true, that "stone walls do nota prison make, nor iron bars a cage." Paul ranged the world with his free missionary spirit and he reigned more royally inhis prison than Caesar in his palace! No one envies Nero, but many have felt that Paul's sufferings might readily be embracedfor the sake of his exalted life.

What was the cause of the cool courage of the Apostle? On what foundation was his peace built? How was his confidence sustained?He tells us in our text how his fears were removed-and he also informs us as to a matter which pressed upon his mind. Ourdiscourse this morning will be an attempt to show at once Paul's confidence and his concern. I pray God to bring our mindsinto a parallel line with that of the Apostle so that we may enjoy the most serene peace, as Paul did, and may, at the samemoment, feel a noble concern for higher interests than those which begin and end with ourselves! The honored Apostle had committedall his own matters into the hands of God and so was at perfect peace about them. But he experienced deep anxiety for anothertreasure which was committed to him-which he handed over to Timothy with an earnest entreaty that he would guard it by theHoly Spirit. The blending of deep peace and holy zeal will give us a condition of heart of a most desirable kind!

Our subject opens up to us under four divisions. First, we shall notice what Paul had done. Then, secondly, what Paul knew.Thirdly, what Paul was persuaded of. And lastly, what he was concerned about.

I. First, observe carefully WHAT PAUL HAD DONE. I will speak but briefly here.

He had trusted a Person-"I know whom I have believed." He had trusted that Person with full, clear knowledge of Him-so trustedthat he did not alter his trust as years rolled by but, as he grew in the knowledge of that Person, he was also confirmedin his confidence in Him-"I know whom I have believed."

He does not say, "I know what I have believed," though that would have been true. He does not say, "I know when I believed,"though that would have been correct. Nor does he say, "I know how much I have believed," although he had well weighed hisfaith. He does not even say, "I know in whom I have believed," but he goes still closer! He says expressly, "I know whom Ihave believed," as much as to say, "I know the Person into whose hand I have committed my present condition and my eternaldestiny. I know who He is and I, therefore, without any hesitation, leave myself in His hands." Brothers and Sisters, it isthe beginning of spiritual life to believe Jesus Christ! Is not this the one word that we preach to you continually? "Believeon the Lord Jesus Christ and you shall be saved." "He that believes on the Son has everlasting life." "He that believes onHim is not condemned." Many are the Scriptural assurances to the same effect. Paul had not ventured upon a fancy, but he hadtrusted in a well-known Friend! He had not done this in ignorance, nor in fanaticism, nor in desperation, but with cool, clear,deliberate judgement-knowing whom he had trusted. Ignorance is a wretched foundation, but sure knowledge is like a rock!

Paul had gone further and had practically carried out his confidence, for he had deposited everything with this Person. Hehad unreservedly committed his body, soul, spirit, character, life and immortality to the guardian care of that Person whomhe knew and loved so well! I may believe in a person and yet I may never have committed anything to his charge- he might notwish that I would do so, nor be willing to accept any trust at my hands. But we must go that length with the Lord Jesus. Whilewe are bound to believe in the Lord Jesus as faithful and true and able to save, this belief is not enough, in itself, towork salvation-we must, in consequence of this belief-actually and definitely convey out of our own keeping all our eternalinterests and put them into His keeping. We must make the Lord Jesus Christ the depository of all our anxieties and hopes.He must be to us the banker who has the custody of all our valuables, bonds and title-deeds-yes we must also leave ourselveswith Him-all that we are, all that we have, all that we expect to have, we must confide with Jesus.

A poor idiot, who had been instructed by an earnest Christian, somewhat alarmed him by a strange remark, for he feared thatall his teaching had been in vain. He said to this poor creature, "You know that you have a soul, John?" "No," said he, "Ihave no soul." "No soul!" thought the teacher, "this is dreadful ignorance." All his fears were rolled away when his half-wittedpupil added, "I had a soul, once, and I lost it, but Jesus found it. And so I have let Him keep it." How could he better haveexpressed his faith? Is not that exactly what the Apostle meant-he passed his soul out of his own keeping into the care ofJesus, his Lord? As a man leaves his estate with a trustee, or as the patient entrusts his life to his physician, even sohad the Apostle Paul committed himself into the hands of that glorious Person whom having not seen, he loved!

I pause here to ask whether we have all done the same. This is a vital question. If you, my Friend, are keeping your own soul,you have a poor keeper! You will lose your soul as surely as you attempt to be your own savior! Have you once and for alltransferred salvation work from yourself to Jesus? Are you looking out of yourself and looking to Jesus, only? Are you leaningupon the Beloved? Are you living in Him? If so, your safety is secure. In the hands of Jesus, a soul must be safe. In thekeeping of Jesus, nothing shall hurt you either night or day. In Him you dwell in a fortress and high tower-and no enemy shallmolest you. Through time and eternity you are secure! Death shall leave you sleeping on His bosom! Resurrection shall awakenyou in His likeness and endless ages shall display your security in Him forever and ever!

What Paul did is summed up in these words, "I know whom I have believed," "I have committed everything to


II. The next thing is, WHAT DID PAUL KNOW? He tells us plainly, "I know whom I have believed." We are to understand by thisthat Paul looked steadily at the Object of his confidence and knew that he relied upon God in Christ Jesus. He did not restin a vague hope that he would be saved, nor in an indefinite reliance upon the Christian religion, nor in a sanguine expectationthat all things would, somehow, turn out right at the end. He did not hold the theory of our modern divines, that our LordJesus Christ did something or other, which, in one way or another, is more or less

remotely connected with the forgiveness of sin. No, Paul knew the Lord Jesus Christ as a Person and he deliberately placedhimself in His keeping, knowing Him to be the Savior!

His countrymen did not know Jesus, or they would not have crucified the Lord of Glory, but Paul knew Him. Those around theApostle were strangers to the Lord Jesus and could not sympathize with Paul, yet he knew Him. Some of them curiously asked,"Who is this Christos of whom you sing?" Others asked, "Who is this Crucified One, of whom you make so much fuss?" Paul answersby avowing his own faith-"I know whom I have believed." He had no phantom Savior, no mythical Savior, no unknown Savior, noSavior sharing salvation with two or three others. Paul knew no company of saints and virgins, nor even a church to whichhe trusted his soul-he says, "I know whom I have believed." Jesus was a distinct Person to the Apostle, so real as to be knownto him as a man knows a friend. Paul knew nobody else so well as he knew his Lord!

By faith he knew Jesus as He was born at Bethlehem, partaker of our humanity, bone of our bone, flesh of our flesh-a Brotherborn for adversity. He knew Him as He died on Calvary, bearing our sins in His own body on the tree. He knew Him as dead andburied in the tomb of Joseph-and as risen from the dead for our justification! He knew Him as gone up into Glory and sittingat the right hand of God, clothed with honor and majesty. Because of all this, the Apostle trusted his Lord. On what betterground could he have gone? What could be more reasonable than that he should entrust his all with One so fitted to preservehim till he day of His appearing?

Dear Friends, do you really know Christ Jesus as a real Person? Do you trust in Him as now living? I beseech you, do not trustthe weight of your salvation upon a doctrine! A statement, an abstraction, cannot save you-you need the active interferenceof a Person. Do not trust in a form of faith, nor in a code of rules. What are they? Trust in the living Person of Him who,though He was dead, rose again and always lives to make intercession for us at the right hand of God, even the Father! I trustthat you have no hesitation as to faith in Him, but that you can sing with me-

"Jesus, my God, I know His name,

His name is all my trust!

Nor will He put my soul to shame,

Nor let my hope be lost."

Paul also knew the Character of Jesus whom he trusted. His perfect Character abundantly justified the Apostle's implicit trust.Paul could have said, "I know that I trust in One who is no mere man, but very God of very God. I have not put my soul intothe keeping of a priest, like unto the sons of Aaron, who must die, but I have rested myself in One whose Priesthood is accordingto the Law of an endless life-a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek. He upon whom I confide is He without whom wasnot anything made that was made, who sustains all things by the Word of His power and who, at His coming, shall shake boththe heavens and the earth, for all fullness of Divine energy dwells in Him." Paul knew that his Christ was God as well asMan and so he felt safe in relying upon Him.

He knew also that this blessed Person was pre-eminently satisfactory to the heart of the eternal God. What manner of perfectionmust concentrate itself in Him in whom the Father, Himself, delights? Think of Him as the great Sacrifice for sin who hasmade a complete, absolute and everlasting Atonement, to which nothing can be added, from which nothing shall ever be takenaway! Think of Him in whom the Justice of God is vindicated and the Love of God is displayed! When my own eyes dart a glanceto Calvary and I picture the Lord of Glory dying there for my sake, I cannot allow a doubt to live-I feel compelled to trust-Icannot but rest in perfect peace when I see that great Sacrifice which has forever put away all the sins of Believers!

Beloved, Paul knew whom he had believed as being Divine in His Person and complete in His Sacrifice, but more than that. Paulknew that the Lord Jesus Christ, to whom he trusted his soul, was now adorned with all the Glory of Heaven and clothed withall the Omnipotence of the mighty God. He knew that, if he was bound, Jesus was not bound and that, if he must die, yet Jesuscould not die. He knew that the Lord shall reign forever and ever and his expectant ears caught the hallelujahs of eternitywhen the Crucified shall be acknowledged Lord of All! "All power is given unto Me in Heaven and in earth," said Jesus, "Goyou therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them." Paul felt that such power was worthy of boundless confidence and, therefore,he said-"I know whom I have believed." Jesus was to Paul's faith no longer the despised and rejected Nazarene; no longer thecondemned and crucified Man of Sorrows, but He was the acknowledged King of Kings and Lord of Lords! He knew Him in His risenGlory. Happy, happy, happy heart which has such knowledge of Jesus and such confidence in Him!

Now, Brothers and Sisters, I think I have shown you why Paul had much faith in Jesus. How could he do otherwise than trustin One of whom he knew such wonderful things? But how did Paul come to know Christ? I suppose he knew Him in great part bythe Word of God. Every page of Scripture, as the Apostle perused it, revealed Jesus to him. These Scriptures are the swathing-bandsof the Holy Child Jesus. Unroll them and there He is! This Book is a royal pavilion within which the Prince of Peace is tobe met with by Believers who look for Him. In this celestial mirror, Jesus is reflected! This is a sure testimony-more tobe trusted than the sight of the eyes, or the hearing of the ears. Do you know Christ by seeing Him in His Word?

Paul also knew Jesus in another way than this. He had personal acquaintance with Him. He knew Him as "the Lord Jesus, whoappeared unto him in the way." When he was going to Damascus to persecute the saints of God, this same Jesus spoke out ofthe excellent Glory and said to him, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute Me?" Brethren, have we any personal acquaintance withChrist? If not, our witness will not run parallel with Paul's utterance in our text, "I know whom I have believed." Did Jesusever call you to Himself, and have you answered His call? Has He so spoken as to change the whole current of your life? DoesHe still speak to you? Do you remember a sacred place, a consecrated spot where Jesus has met you? Have you a chamber whereHe meets you and manifests Himself to you as He does not to the world? If so, you can well trust Him whose love is shed abroadin your heart by the Holy Spirit. You can well trust Him, for He is no stranger, but your near kinsman who is mindful of youand visits you. Cannot you join with our poet and softly sing-

"Yes, though I have not seen and still

Must rest in faith alone,

I love You, dearest Lord, and will,

Unseen, but not unknown."

There are other gates of the soul beside eyes and ears, other touches than those of the hands and other feelings than thoseof the flesh. Our inner spirit, when it would commune with the spiritual world, disdains to use the gross and inefficientinstruments of this poor body-she cannot, with these, have fellowship with the Father and with His Son, Jesus Christ. By itsown inner hands, our spirit has touched Him. With her own inner mouth she has kissed the Well-Beloved. With other than a materialeyes she has beheld her unseen Spouse. Our eyes do not see-we see through our eyes even these temporal things-but we see eternalthings without the need of eyes. Our spirit needs no intervening medium, but she sees in her pure spirit the pure spirit ofJesus, face to face! More than the senses could convey to the soul, she perceives without them! This is a Divine and blessedknowledge and the Apostle could, with all his heart, declare that it was his own. Though he had once known Christ after theflesh, he declared that after the flesh he knew Him no more, but he knew Him so well and so truly after the spirit that hesaid, without reserve, "I know whom I have believed."

He knew the Lord, also, by practical experience and trial of Him. Paul had tested Jesus amidst furious mobs, when stones fellabout him, and in prison when the dampness of death chilled him to the bone! He had known Christ far out at sea, when Euroclydondrove him up and down in the Adriatic. And he had known Christ when the rough blasts of un-brotherly suspicion had beatenupon him on the land. All that he knew increased his confidence! He knew the Lord Jesus because He had delivered him out ofthe mouth of the lion. "I know," he said-he was past the age of speculation and theory. Look at his hoary locks and his scarredface-he is no fair-weather sailor-he has sailed with his Lord upon the great deeps and has suffered many things for His sake.And now, after all his experience, he does not say that he hopes, supposes, or thinks, but he writes, "/know."

Glorious dogmatist, we are not ashamed to follow in your track! Where is there any comfort or stimulus except in the Truthof God assuredly believed? To doubt is to be downcast and feeble. Only in solemn assurance is there courage and strength.Come on, you who quibble and criticize-Paul meets you with, "I know!" You demand that he shall maintain his thesis with logic?He answers, "I know!" What he knew of his Lord was as sure to him as his own consciousness. He had no reserve in his mindfor future alterations of creed, for he had reached certainty. "I know whom I have believed." He could not doubt Him, nordistrust Him, nor stir an inch from the absolutely unlimited confidence which he reposed in Him. Beloved, I trust we knowas much of Jesus as leads us to a living faith in our living Lord. Some people do not know much else, but they are well educatedif they know this! Others are skillful in classics, mathematics and applied sciences, but if they do not know Jesus, in whomthe saints believe, they are in the worst of ignorance! I pray God to send such untaught persons to His infant school, forit is written, "Except you are converted and become as little children, you

shall not enter into the Kingdom of Heaven." May we be taught of God to know Jesus by that practical acquaintance which engenderstrust in Him!

III. Thirdly, let us enquire-WHAT WAS THE APOSTLE PERSUADED OF? If one should say to a Christian man, "Pray, Sir, what areyour opinions?" he might answer, "I have no opinions, but I know whom I have believed." If the enquirer then said, "But whatis your persuasion?" he might answer, "I am persuaded that He is able to keep that which I have committed to Him." This methodof treating matters is far better than forming mere opinions for ourselves, or borrowing persuasions from others.

/mplicitly Paul declares his faith in our Lord's willingness and faithfulness. He does not mention these in words, but sometimesthere is great instruction in omissions-things not said may, perhaps, be more conspicuous by their absence than things whichare spoken. Silence is often more emphatic than speech. Paul does not raise the question whether the Savior was willing orfaithful to keep what he had committed to Him-he takes that for granted. He will not even assert his knowledge of the Truthand Grace of his Redeemer-he leaves these among the things which could not be questioned for a moment! Dear Heart, if youhave given yourself to Christ, Christ has given Himself to you-do not doubt His readiness to receive you! If you are leaningupon the Beloved, He is willing to be leaned upon and He will never fail you. If, in very truth His Word is your trust, theLord will never run back from His promise. Has He not said it and will He not do it? Take this for granted! Receive it asan acknowledged principle which none may question.

But the point which the Apostle expressly mentions is the power of Christ-"I am persuaded that He is able." He had a solemnconviction of the ability of the Lord Jesus, who is able to save unto the uttermost. Let us hope that no Believer here hasany doubt about the power of Christ. If he has, the doubt is most absurd! He that goes to the sea for salt water cannot rationallyfear that he will be forced to come back with an empty bucket. He that lifts up his face to the sun can have no doubt butthat his features will be bright with the light. So he that turns to Christ may be persuaded that there is no lack of sufficiencyor ability in Him.

"Oh," one says, "I do not doubt the ability of Christ to save me!" May I ask you, then, what you do doubt? "Oh, I doubt myown merit, my own ability and so forth." What have any of these things to do with the matter in hand, which is the power ofJesus? These things are altogether out of the circle! All the salvation of a man depends upon the Lord Jesus Christ-and ifHe is able to save you, why are you full of fears? If you have committed your money to the banker and you say, "I am afraidit is not safe," the only justifiable reason for such suspicion must be because the bank is not solvent. Would you say, "Idoubt about my money because I have a headache?" Would that be rational? Would you say, "I am afraid my money is unsafe becausemy eyesight is failing me?" Does that influence the safety of your deposit at the bank? Nothing can affect that matter butlack of stability in the bank, itself.

If you have committed yourself to the care of the Lord Jesus Christ, I cannot listen to those miserable, "ifs," and "buts"-theyare unreasonable and irrelevant. I blow them away as so much chaff. If Jesus is able to save and you are trusting Him, thereis no room for distrust. Can you doubt the Lord's ability? Have we not believed in His Godhead and in the almighty power withwhich the Father has girt Him as the God-Man, the Mediator, now that He has gone up into His everlasting reward? If theseare facts, how can it be difficult to trust such a One? Trust my soul with Christ? Why, if I had all your souls within mybody, I could trust them all to Him! And if every sin that man has done in thought, word and deed since worlds were made,or time began, could meet upon my one guilty head-I dare say it-the precious blood of Jesus could wash them all away! TrustHim with one soul? Yes, indeed, it seems too little a thing!

He that goes on board a great Atlantic liner does not say, "I venture the weight of my body upon this vessel. I trust it tobear my ponderous frame." Yet your body is more of a load to the vessel than your soul is to the Lord Jesus. Did you everhear of the gnat on the horn of the ox which feared that it might be an inconvenience to the huge creature? O Friend, youare but a gnat in comparison with the Lord Jesus! No, you are not so heavy to the ascended Savior as the gnat to the ox! Youwere a weight to Him once, but having borne that load once and for all, your salvation is no burden to Him now. Well may yousay, "I am persuaded that He is able to keep that which I have committed unto Him."

What was this which Paul had committed to Christ? He committed to Him everything that he had for time and for eternity-hisbody, his soul, his spirit-all fears, cares, dangers, sins, doubts, hopes, joys. He just made a clean removal of his all fromhimself to his Lord. "I am persuaded that He is able to keep that which I have committed unto Him." See how the eyes of theApostle light up as he tells his copyist to write down, "He is able to keep my deposit against that

day." If he had little joy and rejoicing in his waiting time, he would, nevertheless, look to have his full of it in thatday of days, that day in which his Lord would appear! He left everything with Jesus with a view to the Advent, the Judgment,and the eternal Glory! Then would he look for his Divine Keeper to produce the deposit entrusted to Him. There will be noneed in that day to ask, "My Lord, is it all right?" Yes, we may picture Him as coming in all His Glory and majesty to beadmired in all them that believe! He sits upon the Throne of His Glory and there are you among the countless multitude!

Suppose you could say, "My Lord, I trusted You with my soul. Am I safe? I trusted You with my eternal interests. Are theyall secure?" How sweet will be His reply, as He says to His Father, "Of them which You gave Me have I lost none." And to us,"Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you!" If any enquire of us in Glory, "How did you get here?"we will answer, "He brought us here." If they say, "How is it that you are on His right hand?" we will reply, "Because Hisown right hand brought us there." "But how is it that you are so bright in your apparel?" "We have washed our robes and madethem white in His blood." "How is it that after you were converted you did not turn back?" "He kept us in the Way and preservedour lives, for He said, 'Because I live, you shall live also.'" "How is it that you have escaped the power of the enemy, sinceyou were only a sheep, and a wolf was after you?" "It is because He said, 'I give unto My sheep eternal life and they shallnever perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of My


When the Lord shall make up His last account of His jewels in that Great Day, we shall be found in Christ, even as gems arefound in a golden vault! In the Lord Jesus Christ, all His elect, all His blood-bought, all His called, all His justified,all His believing people shall be found in that day. None of His redeemed shall be absent in the day when the sheep shallpass, again, under the hand of Him that counts them. All who were marked with the blood-mark here below shall be folded inthe pastures of Glory! "I know whom I have believed," says Paul, "and am persuaded that He is able to keep that which I havecommitted unto Him against that day."

Those of you who are acquainted with the original will follow me while I forge a link between my third division and my fourth.If I were to read the text, thus, it would be quite correct-"I am persuaded that He is able to keep my deposit against thatday." Here we have a glimpse of a second meaning. If you have the Revised Version, you will find in the margin, "that whichHe has committed to me." And the original allows us to read the verse whichever way we choose- "He is able to keep that whichI have committed unto Him"-or "that which He has committed unto me." This last expression, though I could not endorse it asgiving the full sense of the text, does seem to me to be a part of its meaning. It is noteworthy that, in the 14th verse,the original has the same phrase as in this verse. It runs thus-"that good deposit guarded by the Holy Spirit which dwellsin us."

Inasmuch as the words are the same-the Apostle speaking of "my deposit" in the 12th verse and, in the 14th verse speakingof "that good deposit"-I cannot help thinking that one thought dominated his mind. His soul and the Gospel were so unitedas to be, in his thought, but one deposit-and this he believed that Jesus was able to keep. He seemed to say, "I have preachedthe Gospel which was committed to my trust and now, for having preached it, I am put in prison, and am likely to die, butthe Gospel is safe in better hands than mine." The demon of distrust might have whispered to him, "Paul, you are now silencedand your Gospel will be silenced with you! The Church will die out. The Truth of God will become extinct!" "No, no," saysPaul, "I am not ashamed, for I know that He is able to guard my deposit against

that day."

I cannot tell you what heart-cheer it often brings to my soul, in these evil days, to join in the confidence of this text!At the present moment it seems as if parts of the Church had almost forgotten the Gospel of the Grace of God. We hear on allhands, "another gospel, which is not another; but there are some that trouble you, and would pervert the Gospel of Christ."We hear the noise of archers at every place of drawing of water and the wayfaring man almost ceases from the highways of Zion.Worldliness is growing over the Church, she is overgrown with the moss of it. The visible Church is honeycombed through andthrough with a baptized infidelity! Unholy living is following upon unbelieving thinking. They boast that they have nearlyextirpated Puritanism-some of us are described as the last of the race! Have they quenched our coal? Far from it! The lightof the Doctrines of Grace shall yet again shine forth as the sun!

Elijah was known to say, "As the Lord lives, before whom I stand." And this also is my confidence-the Truth of God lives becauseGod lives! Though Truth were dead and buried, it would rise again. The day is not far distant when the

old, old Gospel shall again command the scholarship of the age and shall direct the thoughts of men! Even if it were not so,it would be a small matter, for it signifies little, except to themselves, what men think, since God is true and with theTruth of God there is power. The fight is not over! The brunt of the battle is yet to come! They dreamed that the old Gospelwas dead more than a hundred years ago, but they dug its grave too soon. Conformists and Nonconformists had, alike, gone overto a cold Socinianism and in the old sanctuaries, where holy men once preached with power, modern dreamers droned out theirwretched philosophies! All was decorous and dead, but God would not have it so. All of a sudden, a voice was heard from Oxford,where the Wesleys and their companions had found a living Savior and were bound to tell of His love!

From an inn in Gloucester there came a youth who began to preach the Everlasting Gospel with a trumpet tongue. A new era dawned.Two schools of Methodists with fiery energy proclaimed the living Word of God. All England was awakened! A new springtidearrived-the time of the singing of birds had come-life rejoiced where once death withered all things! It will be so again.The Lord lives and the Gospel lives, too. Our charioteers are driving as fast as they can in the direction of Unitarianismand spiritual death, but the Lord will lay His hand upon the bridles of the horses, though Jehu himself drives them, and Heshall turn them back by the way they came! "I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that He is able to keep my depositagainst that day."

IV. This leads me on to this fourth point-WHAT THE APOSTLE WAS CONCERNED ABOUT. The matter

about which he was concerned was this deposit of his-this everlasting Gospel of the blessed God. He expresses his concernin the following words-"Hold fast the form of sound words, which you have heard of me, in faith and love which is in ChristJesus. That good thing which was committed unto you, keep by the Holy Spirit which dwells in us."

First, he is concerned for the steadfastness of Timothy and, as I think, for that of all young Christians and especially ofall young preachers. What does he say? "Hold fast the form of sound words." I hear an objector murmur, "There is surely notmuch in words." Sometimes there is very much in words. Vital truth may hinge upon a single word. The whole Church of Christonce fought a tremendous battle over a syllable-but it was necessary to fight it for the conservation of the Truth of God.Only the unorthodox ridicule words and with them it is an affectation, for were they not impressed with the importance ofwords, they would not be so eager to alter them. "Surely we may change our terms." I have no objection if I know that yourintentions are honest!

"Surely we may change the form of a creed, however sound it may be." Do so if you like. I will not contend for words to noprofit. But as for some of you who ask for these changes, I shrewdly suspect that you would get rid of a phrase that you mightbe rid of that which the phrase means. You gentlemen who say, "Surely you will not stick out for a word," are, after all,neither so innocent nor so liberal as you appear to be. Brethren, it is not a word they would amend, but a Truth of God theywould efface! I intend calling a rose a rose, even though I admit that by another name it might smell as sweet, for I perceivethat there is an intent to inflict upon me a rank smelling weed which is no rose at all! When people rail at creeds as havingno vitality, I suppose that I hear one say that there is no life in eggshells. Just so-there is no life in egg shells-theyare just so much lime, void of sensation.

"Pray, my dear Sir, do not put yourself out to defend a mere shell." Truly, good Friend, I am no trifler, nor so litigiousas to fight for a mere shell. But listen! I have discovered that when you break eggshells you spoil eggs! And I have learnedthat eggs do not hatch and produce life when shells are cracked! I have come to be rather tender about shells, now that Ifind that certain rogues are depriving me of chickens by cracking my eggshells! At certain periods when everybody is soundand right at heart, it may be wise to revise expressions, but we will have none of it when the very air is tainted with unbelief!If you walk round certain continental towns you will see bright lawns and gardens where once there stood grim walls. In timesof peace we are glad to see fortifications demolished, but, mark you, when the Prussians are around Paris, no Frenchman willtolerate the proposition to throw down the forts! This is our case, today, and therefore we hold fast the form of sound words!

"We hate your narrowness-your nasty narrowness! You are shut in within your walls of creeds and beliefs!" Yes, gentlemen,so we are. And we mean to remain so, since we see how you hate the Gospel. If everything were in peace and we believed inyou, we might, perhaps, think about turning bulwarks into boulevards-but at the present moment we will do nothing of the kind,but rather hear the voice of our old captain from his prison at Rome, crying-"Hold fast the pattern of wholesome words whichyou have heard from me." Brothers, do not change your posture nor shift your posi-

tion! Stand fast on the Immutable Truth of God, trusting and loving your Lord. Hold the old faith and hold it in the old fashion,too. We are crossing the stream and can make no change of horses. Brothers, why should we change? Do these tempting noveltiesoffer any real improvement on the old? Do they offer us anything to die upon? Can these new teachings afford us comfort inpoverty, in sickness, in depression of spirit or in prospect of the Day of Judgment? They are only pretty flowers for thechildren of this world to play with. They suit well with minds that love frivolities, but they are not for men whose lifeis a warfare against sin! The eternal Truths revealed within this Book and grasped by the hands of our inner life-these areeverything to us-therefore we shall stand by them even to the last with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus!

The Apostle was anxious not only that the men should stand, but that the Everlasting Gospel, itself, should be guarded. "Thatgood thing which was committed unto you, keep by the Holy Spirit which dwells in us." O Friends, it were better for us thatthe sun were quenched than that the Gospel were gone! I believe that the moralities, the liberties and, perhaps, the veryexistence of a nation depend upon the proclamation of the Gospel in its midst! Have you not noticed that where the Gospelhas been given up and various forms of infidelity have ruled, foul pollution has also boiled up from below! The very ideaof morality seems to have departed from some men by whom belief in God has been rejected. The Lord save us from the generalspread of this mischief! Let the sea, itself, cease to ebb and flow sooner than the Gospel fail to be preached among the sonsof men! If the whole Church were to die for the defense of the Gospel, it were a cheap price to pay for the maintenance ofit! I speak solemnly when I say that our main care in life should be to preserve this Gospel intact and hand it down to ourdescendants. God grant that future ages may not have to curse us for having been undecided or cowardly in the hour of conflict!

How are we to keep the faith? There is only one way. It is of little use trying to guard the Gospel by writing it down ina trust-deed-it is of small service to ask men to subscribe to a creed-we must go to work in a more effectual way. How isthe Gospel to be guarded? "By the Holy Spirit which dwells in us." If, my dear Brothers and Sisters, the Holy Spirit dwellsin you and you obey His monitions, are molded by His influences and exhibit the result of His work in the holiness of yourlives, then the faith will be kept. A holy people are the true bodyguard of the Gospel. Only living people, in whom the HolySpirit is the soul of their soul and the spirit of their spirit, are able to keep the Truth of God living and influentialin the world! Let the power of the Gospel be missing where it may, it must be present where the Holy Spirit abides, for Hemakes the Word of God to be a living and incorruptible Seed which lives and abides forever! God send us, more and more, theHoly Spirit! May He be in us as rivers of Living Water! Oh for His heavenly Presence in this day of blasphemy and rebuke!Amen.