Sermon 1508. The Philosophy of Promise

(No. 1508)

DELIVERED ON LORD'S-DAY EVENING, JUNE 29, 1879,

BY C.H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.

"New things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them." Isaiah 42:9.

GOD has often foretold things to come by the lips of His Prophets. I need not give you even a single specimen of the multitudesof instances in which events which could not have been guessed at-which, indeed, were highly improbable and unlikely-werenevertheless foretold by the Spirit of God through the Prophets and actually came to pass. The Lord claims this as a proofof His Godhead. It is His special prerogative to possess Omniscience, the knowledge of everything and, therefore, Prescience,or the knowledge of that which will happen in years to come. These are attributes of God, alone, and often He challenges idolsto produce instances in which they have exercised foresight and predicted things to come. They had their oracles, which werethe mimicry of prophecy, but they continually failed, whereas Jehovah's Word stood fast even in jots and tittles and thusHis eternal Godhead was proven.

The imitation of this attribute by the magicians and prophets of the false gods proved that they saw this to be an exclusiveattribute of Deity and their perpetual confusion in their attempts proved, with equal clearness, that their mock deities didnot possess it. I think it most admirable and it seems another instance of the foresight of the Holy Spirit, that the wordsof my text should stand where they do, for it may not be unknown to some of you that the modern critics, who always try, ifthey can, to tear the heart out of every text and are never satisfied until, like swine, they trample beneath their feet everycluster of Eshcol-these modern critics, I say, have dared to ascribe one part of the Book of Isaiah to a second Isaiah, asthey call him, who wrote after the times of Christ.

They do this, you see, because the Prophecy so plainly describes our Lord Jesus Christ that men who will not believe in God,or in the Inspiration of His Holy Bible, are driven to invent the notion that a prophecy was written after the event. Truly,it might as well have been written afterwards, as before, for it is so accurate. But here, as if the Lord foresaw that therewould come, in the last days, scoffers, He bids His servant, in these express words, claim that He speaks things before theycome to pass-"Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell youof them."

It remains, therefore, for these sham Christian critics either to accept the fact that Isaiah's book contains actual Prophecies,or else to reject it altogether. Their specious pretense of believing the book to be authentic while they deny its propheticcharacter is exposed by the words before us. It is not, however, about Prophecy that I am going to speak at this time. I wishto bring forth a general principle-the principle that our gracious Lord usually gives a promise of that which He means tobestow. Before His favors come into our hands, the sound of them falls upon our ears! Since God is full of mercy and Grace,He has resolved to give great blessings to the sons of men, but He gives not without prudent arrangement and, therefore, Hiswisdom fixes times for the bestowal of His gifts.

A certain fullness of time of which He often speaks was necessary before the coming of Christ. Our Lord could not appear inhuman flesh until that appointed time had come. But while His wisdom bade Him stay, the fulfillment of His love was so greatthat He must begin to speak of the grand Covenant blessing! Before the Lord Jesus came, the Father was continually speakingof His coming! Before He had given Him from His bosom to die, He so delighted in what He was going to do and He took suchpleasure in the result of His glorious gift that He must speak about it! And so in countless promises He spoke with the sonsof men concerning the great deed of love. This seems to me a clear proof of how heartily He went about the great work of ourredemption-because He dwelt so much upon the prospect of it that He revealed His thoughts in Prophecy and promise.

If you are going to do some kindness to a friend and the time has not quite come for it, yet you cannot keep your purposea secret. If you think it will minister to his comfort to receive a promise of it, you are sure to give him some

cheering hint or comforting intimation. The thought is pleasant to yourself and you wish him to share your anticipation. Youwish him to get a sight of the good thing before he gets a taste of it. Before he actually obtains the help, itself, you wishto see him cheered with the prospect and so you turn his mind hopefully in the kindly direction. Love is so fond of its objectthat it is not content with blessing it by a solitary act-before the time comes for the actual blessing, love casts fortha fragrance, as a forecast of the flower which is yet in bloom and not fully opened.

It is for this reason that the Lord antedates His mercy and informs His people of things to come before they actually springforth. Wisdom waits its time to fulfill, as we have said, but Grace gives the promise beforehand that it may ease its ownsoul of the load of its beneficence and give comfort to those who are to receive the blessing. Hence almost everything thatGod gives to His people is made a matter of promise. He not only means to bestow the favor, but He tells us He means to bestowit and He has a practical purpose in this information. The philosophy of promise is my topic at this time. Why are Covenantblessings the subject of promises? Why does not the Lord give us the blessing without previous intimation? It would be aseffectual. Why does He, before it comes, promise it again and again? I shall give five answers to a question which might admitof fifty.

I. And the first is this. GOD SPEAKS THESE THINGS BEFORE THE BLESSING COMES IN ORDER TO DISPLAY HIS GRACE. First, to displaythe freeness of His Grace. You will notice that the promise to which He specially alludes is this, "To open the blind eyes,to bring out the prisoners from the prison house." Now these blind and captive persons had not sought Grace. They had notpleaded for eyes, nor asked for liberty. In fact, they were not even born in the days of Isaiah! It is a case like that ofJacob quoted by Paul, "The children not being yet born," the promise was made irrespectively of them. Unsought, unbought,unthought of, the promise came that He would open the blind eyes and bring the prisoners out of the prison house.

This, I say, proves the freeness of God's Grace, that He makes a promise before we know our need or seek His face. When Hemakes a promise of pure Grace, He does not come to us and say, "If this," and, "if that," and, "if the other." No, He comeswith, "I will," and, "I will," and, "I will," and, "I will," before we seek Him, before we have any desire towards Him, yes,and before we have any sense of need of Him. There are many conditional promises for which we ought to be very thankful, butthe foundation of them all is an absolute, unconditioned Covenant of Grace. A redemption was provided for me before I livedand, consequently, before I could have known that I was a slave. The Spirit of God was given that I might live before I knewthat I was dead and, consequently, before I could have made an appeal for spiritual

life.

The blessings of the Covenant of Grace, my dear Hearers, were laid up in store for God's chosen people ages ago. Before theFall actually took place, the Covenant had arranged for the recovery of the Church of Christ. These blessings have been inexistence and provided for many of you, albeit that even now, perhaps you do not know your need of them and have not yet begunto seek the Lord that you may find Him, for the Lord, in mighty Grace, comes to men long before they come to Him. Their firstsincere thought towards Him is caused by His having thought of them!-

"No sinner can be beforehand with Thee. Your Grace is most sovereign, most rich, and most free." The promise of the Covenantruns thus-"I will call them My people that were not My people, and her Beloved that was not beloved." The Grace of God comesthus spontaneously from the heart of God and He foretells its working and declares that He will save His chosen in order thatit may be seen beyond all dispute to be the outcome of His own deliberate purpose and the act of His sacred Sovereignty andboundless lave.

I think the Lord also tells us what He is going to do before He does it that we may see the fullness of His Grace. The Lordsays that He will come, not to men who are looking for Him, but to those who have blind eyes and, therefore, cannot look!He says that He will come, not to those who are coming to Him, though He will do that, but to those who cannot come to Himbecause they are shut up as in a prison. Notice the passage-they are blind prisoners and cannot come forth-and yet the Lordcomes to take the film from their eyes and to tear the iron bar from the window and set the captive free, not because thereis any goodness in the poor blind prisoner at the present moment, nor because there ever will be any, but simply because theLord is full of mercy and delights to display His Grace.

Christ died for the ungodly. Jesus came to seek and to save that which was lost. He is a Physician and, therefore, comes notto seek the whole, but the sick. To make us know this glorious fairness of His Grace, He informs us beforehand

of what He is about to do. Moreover, I think it is not only to show the freeness and the fullness of His Grace, but the powerof it, for He speaks very positively. He says that He will open the blind eyes and He will bring out the prisoners from theprison. Can He do this? Yes, that He can. There can be no question about His ability! When the Lord resolves to save, saveHe can! Some people believe in a great god in Nature, but in a very little God in Grace. The god of Nature can do everything,they say, and they believe in physical miracles-but according to their notions, the God of Grace has to consult the will ofman and He has to halt and hesitate until the dead man will arise and give himself life and unwilling man will change hisown will!

I believe in the Omnipotence of God in the kingdom of Grace and that He can change a heart of stone to flesh and break theiron sinew of the stubborn will and bow men before Him. To me the Almighty is as supreme in the realm of mind as in the worldof matter. I do not doubt the free agency of man-on the contrary, I see daily evidence of it! I believe man to be a free agentand yet he is not and cannot be more powerful in any respect than the Lord of All! The Lord knows how to be master in thekingdom of the human will and, without violating that will in any degree, He can achieve the eternal purpose of His love.To triumph over mere dead matter is nothing compared with the glory of the Lord's rule over mind, thought, intellect and will!He will have mercy on whom He will have mercy and He will have compassion on whom He will have compassion, and yet he thatcomes to Him, He will in no wise cast out.

The Lord's Grace is irresistible-His purpose shall stand and He will do all His pleasure. "This is taking high ground," saysone. It is ground blessedly high for sinking sinners! It is such ground as we need who are utterly lost and ruined and undone!You that can help yourselves may go and do it, but we who cannot do so are glad to find that God knows what He is going todo and speaks with the tone of a Sovereign and with the voice of One who has not to ask help from others, but who can workall things according to the counsel of His own will. "Before they spring forth I tell you of them," He says. Because His Graceis mighty, He thus speaks of what is going to be done. Oh listen to me, you blind ones who cannot open your own eyes! Christhas come to open them!

O you lost sinners who cannot save yourselves, Christ has come to save you! Oh, you that are all but damned and lie at Hell'sgate expecting the flame, have hope, for Christ has come to save that which was lost! O you firebrands that almost smoke inthe burning, He comes to pluck you out of the fire! He does not come to help you to save yourselves, but to save you! He doesnot approach you with measured steps in order that you may come half way to meet Him, but He comes all the way to you in yourdeath, your ruin, your poverty, your misery, your blindness, your captivity! He comes to achieve salvation and He proclaimswhat He is about to do in order that He may have the Glory of it.

That is our first head, then. The Lord announces His purposes of love to display His Grace.

II. Secondly, Brothers and Sisters, I think the Lord announces the Covenant blessings He is about to bestow IN ORDER TO AWAKENOUR HOPES. Many poor souls would actually die before they were saved if they did not get some little hope, every now and then,while they are in a seeking state. I am not speaking haphazardly, now, I am speaking of cases that I know-poor tempted, troubledones-to whom the promises are as a brook by the way of which they drink and lift up their heads. Some of you come to Christapparently very easily. Thank God for it! But I know others who cannot get at the Lord Jesus for the press. They even tryto look to Him, but they are blinded by their tears. I cannot excuse their unbelief, but I pity their poor trembling spirits.They are coming to Christ, but they are like the child of whom we read that, "when he was a coming the devil threw him downand tore him." They are sadly torn and cannot get to Christ.

Now, when the Lord tells His people what He will do, they are cheered with expectation. When they read such texts as these,"A new heart also will I give you, and a right spirit will I put within you," and, "I will put My Law in your hearts, andyou shall not depart from Me," and, "Their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more forever." "Though your sins areas scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall be as wool"- poor souls catch atsuch words of promise and learn how to hope. "Oh!" they say, "if that promise might be true for me, then I would not perish!Perhaps the Lord will look in mercy upon me." Every now and then the Lord saves a great big sinner-an unusually black sinner-andwhat does He do with him? He makes him a walking advertisement of His mercy so that others see the infinite Grace of God!

Men cry out in wonder," What? Has So-and-So found Christ? Then why should not we?" Perhaps the man may have been guilty ofgreat iniquities. He may have been a ringleader in wickedness. But the Lord takes him and washes him

from his sin and opens his mouth to praise His name! When such an one begins to speak of Divine love, poor tormented spiritscatch at the words and they say, "Why should not I find mercy? Why should not I be saved?" When such a man becomes a livingproof of what God can do, the promise stands out to the life before the poor sinner's eyes and he says, "Ah, perhaps, perhaps,perhaps there is salvation for me!"

John Bunyan, who had been a drunken tinker, went about preaching the everlasting Gospel like a man who had been in the condemnedcell and had received a pardon! And I tell you the villagers gathered to listen to such a one as he because they wonderedat God's mighty Grace! They said, one to another, "Has Mr. Bad-Man become a pilgrim? Then why should we not start our pilgrimage,also? Has infinite Mercy changed his heart? Then why should it not change ours?" I would have you pluck up courage, any sinnersamong you who are here at this time! Supposing you to be the very worst persons that ever lived and supposing you to havethe worst temper, the worst disposition, the worst besetting sins and the worst habits that any men have ever had, I tellyou the Lord, in great mercy, has saved just such as you and He has promised, still, to deal with great sinners in a way ofgreat love!

Seize hold of this blessed fact! Weave a hope out of it and say, "I need not despair-not even I. I need not plunge into greatsin under the notion that I cannot be saved. 'He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him.' Hecan save me! He has said, 'Him that comes to Me I will in no wise cast out,' and if I come to Him, He will not cast me out.I will not despair, then, or sit down and say there is no hope! I deserve to be with the devils in Hell, but why should Inot be among the saints in Heaven? I deserve to be banished forever, but why should there not be a crown in Heaven for me?

"Ah, will not the saints wonder when they see me come in? The angels will look down from their harps and say, 'What? Is hehere?' Then I will tell the story of what the Lord has done and set them wondering over again, till even they shall say, 'Ithas never been so before! Here comes the biggest, blackest, most Hell-deserving wretch that ever did enter Heaven! Lift upa loftier song than ever! Louder and louder yet! Let the song ring through the heavenly arches, for Love has out-loved itselfand Grace has out-graced itself above all it has ever done before!"

I pray God that some despairing soul may grasp these cheering facts and be comforted. I am trying to throw the big net tocatch a whale of a sinner if he is floating anywhere near my boat. I know if the Gospel net once encloses him, it will holdhim, for not a single mesh of it will give way despite his size and his struggling. I would like to put the Gospel so wideand so broad that the sheep which is hunted by the dog of Hell farthest away from the fold may, nevertheless, come back tothe great and gracious Shepherd of Souls. Why, Beloved, even God's own believing people need to be told, at times, of whatGod will do in order to encourage their hope.

Look how the Lord deals with His persecuted ones. When they are hunted, slandered, despoiled of their goods, what does Hedo? He makes them know that they have a richer inheritance in Heaven! He sets before them the joys which He has prepared forthem that love Him. Now, He might, if He liked, have kept all about Heaven to Himself and so have made it a surprise to usand, indeed, some seem to think that He has done so, but in this they are ill advised. We know much about Heaven even now."Why," says one, "the Scripture says, 'Eye has not seen, neither has ear heard.'" I know it does, but why do you stop in themiddle of a text? You make it say the reverse of what it intends to say! Hear the whole of it. "Eye has not seen nor ear heard,neither have entered into the heart of man the things which God has prepared for them that love Him; but He has revealed themunto us by His Spirit."

By chopping it in halves you made the passage say the very opposite of what it intended! Your eyes have not seen and yourears have not heard, but His Spirit has told you concerning the things which He has prepared for you-and this is no littleprivilege. I need not stay to tell you how much the Lord has told us about the eternal state, as to our being with Jesus whereHe is, that we may behold His Glory and may be sharers in that Glory forever. He has told us this to cheer us up while onthe road, to encourage us that we may never sink in despair. Going to lie down and die, Brother? Do you know how near youare to Heaven? Perhaps you will be there in a month! Going to give it all up now? Will you be so foolish as to leave the battlejust as the victory is won? Brother, does the devil tell you to turn back? He knows how near you are to Glory!

You are something like Columbus when he was within three days sail of America and the sailors bade him stay his course. Hecould not, would not reverse his venturous ship, but pushed on and found the new world! Some of us may be within a very fewdays' sail of Heaven and yet do not know it-and the devil has the impudence to persuade us to go

back. Shall we listen to the impudent fiend? No, by the Grace of God, never! If the journey is long, the end will repay usfor it. If the voyage is rough, the brave country will make amends for all the tempests which have wreaked their vengeanceupon us. Onward, onward, be our course! To help us to persevere even to the end, the Lord has made the new things known tous and has told us of them before they spring forth.

Two good answers to the question are now before us and each one is an argument for adoration.

III. But now, thirdly, why has the Lord told us about the mercies He intends to give? To EXERCISE OUR FAITH. The Gospel ofGod is a Gospel for Believers and one of God's great objectives in the whole arrangement of the Gospel system is to educateour confidence in Him. I remember speaking, once, with a Brother upon the room which God has left for faith to work. We werespeaking about the various defenses which have been used to prove the veracity of the Christian religion against infidel assaultsand I was remarking upon the manifest failure of certain of them which appeared exceedingly strong, at one time, but are nowabandoned because under new attacks they have manifestly failed.

My friend was deploring that this book and the other, which had once been considered as standard works, seemed to have lostpower over this generation. It came to the minds of both of us that if God had made the Christian religion so clear that youcould make an axiom of it, or prove it as easily as you show that twice two make four, there would have been no room for faithat all-and then the Divine system of salvation would have taken another course, for faith would have occupied a very narrowspace in it. The Lord intends that men should exercise faith in His Word, for He knows that faith is necessary to us if weare to be delivered from sin. A man cannot be saved if He does not trust His God. And when a man is brought to trust His God,he is practically saved.

You ask, "How is that?" If a man has a servant and that servant has fallen out with his master, if it is desirable to bringthat servant to obedience, the first thing to do is to make him believe in his master. If he believes his master to be good,true, kind and noble, you have gained the servant's obedience. He will be reconciled to his master and will be right wellcontent to serve him. So that faith and trust, though they appear to be such minor things that we wonder why they should bethe great requirement of the Gospel, are not small matters after all! They are the pivot upon which character turns. WhenI bring my mind down to this, that I believe God and accept the Bible as His Revelation, I am getting right. If when I cannotunderstand the Word of God I believe it as much as if I did understand it, then I have in heart become obedient to God. Ihave taken up the place which a creature ought to occupy towards His Creator and the act of trusting and believing has becomethe pivot upon which I turn as my mind seeks the Lord. And by its means I get into a right condition with Him.

Therefore does the Lord, before He gives us a mercy, say to us, "Believe in Me and you shall have it. Believe in the Atonementmade by My dear Son and you shall have pardon. Believe in My willingness to forgive you and submit yourself and cast yourselfat My feet and I will forgive and bless you." It is not a hard thing that He requires. It is not a wrong thing. It is an actof the heart which is good for us all round and, becomes the instrument in the hand of the Spirit of reconciling us to God.The Lord has told us what great things He is going to do for sinners and I want you to answer the question-Do you believethat He can do this? Come now, you that are ungodly and graceless, do you believe that God can save you? Can He make you holy?Can He make you gracious?

You have many sins, but do you believe that Christ can blot them all out in a moment and make you to be as though you hadnever committed them, casting them behind the back of God, Himself, so that they shall never be mentioned against you anymore? Can you believe all this? If you can believe it, can you also believe another thing, namely, that He is willing to dothis deed of love? Can you believe that the great Father does not will that you should perish and has no joy that you shouldbe lost? Can you believe that it will give Him delight to receive you? That He will be glad to press you to His bosom andmake you His child and that you should be reconciled to Him? Can you believe this? By the wounds of God, by the blood of theSon of God on Calvary, I say you ought to believe it, for He that loved sinners well enough to die cannot be unwilling thatthey should be saved!

You can believe His power and His willingness, you say. Well, the only thing that you have to do, now, in order to be savedthis moment is to act out your belief upon these two points. He can and He is willing-throw yourself upon that power and will.Trust yourself with Jesus, now! That is the one demand of the Gospel-"Believe and live." Rest in the knowledge that He hasreconciled you to Himself in Christ and that He forgives you now because you trust alone in His

Son for your eternal salvation. Will you do this at once? Will you rest on Christ Jesus? Then, "Your sins, which are many,are all forgiven." You are a saved man!

"Oh, but how," you ask, "do I know that I am saved?" You shall feel and know that you are saved if you believe, for you shallfind yourself, from this time, loving the things which you did before hate and hating the things which you did once love-andthat simple act of trusting which seems so insignificant will transform you and will become the hinge on which your life shallturn. Believing in Christ, you shall go out of this house saying, "I am a forgiven man and I love the God who has forgivenme. I am washed in the blood of Christ and from now on will I serve Him-

'Lord, in the strength of Grace,

With a glad heart and free,

Myself, my residue of days,

I consecrate to Thee.'

I am Christ's man forever! I will not grieve Him, by the help of His Holy Spirit. I will live to His praise. I will tell otherswhat He has done for me and my entire life shall be a life of obedience if He will but help me and keep me and sustain meby His gracious power."

You see now why the blessings of Grace are foretold-that they may become objects of faith. God give you faith to exerciseupon them now.

IV. Fourthly, and very briefly, these things are told us before they come to pass THAT THEY MAY EXCITE OUR PRAYER. After hopeand faith, prayer is quite sure to follow. Note the order-the Lord says that Christ shall come to open the eyes of the blind-hereis Grace. I pictured the blind man just now as saying, "Jesus is come to open the blind eyes; why should He not open mine?"Here is hope. Next the blind man goes on to say, "He says that He will do it if I trust in Him. I know He can. I believe Hewill. I will trust Him." Here is faith. What is the very next thing that the blind man does? Why he begins to pray to Him."Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me." Here is prayer.

As soon as the first little drop of faith falls into a man's soul, he begins to pray, "Lord, You have promised pardon to Believers.Give that pardon to me. You have promised a new heart. Give a new heart to me. You have promised eternal salvation to as manyas obey Christ. Lord, give me eternal salvation." Oh that blessed gift of faith! It soon brings a man to his knees. When hehopes that he may gain the blessing. When he believes that he may have it-then he begins to cry for it-and if he cries withreal faith, he has already obtained the blessing for which he is seeking! While he is pleading, God is hearing!

Think of those poor people in the prisons. There they sit in darkness and they make no sound but groans. But suddenly a Voiceis heard. Jesus comes to set the captives free! It is repeated, "He comes, He comes to loose the ones in bondage." Insidethe prison there shines a Light in the midst of the darkness and the prisoners say, "If He comes, why should not He come tous? Blessed be His name, we hope He will come to us." And now you can hear them cry, "Come! Come! Come, Lord! Come quickly!Break these chains! Dispel this darkness. Set us free." And it is not long after the prisoner of hope begins to pray, beforethe walls totter and the captive is free as a bird of the air. The Lord thus, as it were, holds out the mercy so that Hisdear ones may ask for it, cry for it, struggle for it! And that so they may get the double blessing of being taught to prayas well as to receive the answer of their prayers!

O you that are the people of God, I want you to learn this lesson, that all God's promises which are not fulfilled are meantto stimulate you to pray! We read a chapter just now in which the Lord says that the isles shall wait for God. Pray for it!He has promised to give His Son the heathen for His inheritance. Pray that the heathen may be the heritage of your Prince!Every promise should be turned into prayer! I believe that the whole earth will yet be "filled with the knowledge of the Lordas the waters cover the sea," but not without prayer. Even Christ must pray. Is it not written, "Ask of Me and I shall giveyou the heathen for Your inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for Your possession"? Christ is to come, but Hehas taught His Church to say, "Even so, come, Lord Jesus."

There is no picture of the princely reign of Christ but what should at once awaken our desires and those desires should beset on fire with prayer. Thus says the Lord, "For this will I be enquired of by the house of Israel to do it for them." Andyet if the Lord does not do some great thing before His Church prays greatly, the good thing is not coming just yet. We dohave good Prayer Meetings in this Tabernacle, thank God. It is the joy of my heart to see so many assemble to pray, thoughsome of you do not come as I wish you did. You do not know what you lose, you who do not come to our delightful Prayer Meetings.You are more losers by being away than we are by losing your company. We are

sorry to miss you, but our sorrow is on your account, for you do not know what you lose. We ought to meet for prayer- we cannotexpect the blessing unless we do!

I have little to say on that score, by way of rebuke, to you who compose my regular congregation, for you do not, many ofyou, sin in that direction. But I know some churches where the Prayer Meeting is a mere form. It is such a little affair thatthey might put it in a dish, cover it up, lock it up in the pantry and say nothing about it. It is a miniature concern, avery sick dwarf! If God blessed some Churches in London in proportion to their prayers, He would not bless them much, forthe Prayer Meetings are held in the vestry and that is not full, nor one-half full at the best. A Prayer Meeting in the Chapel,itself, would look like a drop in a bucket and so they hide the nakedness of the land by holding a hole-and-corner meetingin the vestry. Such things as Prayer Meetings in the Chapel are not expected-a snug little room is quite large enough. Alas,there are not many Brethren to pray! Two or three prose so long and so drearily that they fill up the evening and then theyask the Lord to forgive their shortcomings-they would do better to ask forgiveness for their longcomings which are the deathof all fervency.

There is not much prayer in their long sermonizing and the whole business is far more formal than real. Scant will be theblessing if the Lord is going to bless them in proportion to their prayers. Do you wonder that the minister cannot preachwhen the people do not pray? I see some of you up from the country. Perhaps you are deacons and yet do not attend the PrayerMeetings yourselves! I have known such things and I cry shame upon you! And then you find fault with the minister. Have younever heard of the minister who suddenly seemed to fail and, when the people complained, he said, "Ah, I may well fail, forI have lost my prayer book!" Someone said, "I did not know you used a prayer book, Sir." "Oh!" said he, "my prayer book usedto be written on the hearts of my people and while they prayed for me, God blessed me and I had success. But they have givenup praying for me so what can I do?"

Do you want the man to make bricks without straw? Surely the least thing you can do is to find him straw for the bricks andyou can only find that by means of earnest, united prayer! The sinew of the minister's strength under God is the supplicationof his Church. We can do anything and everything if we have a praying people around us! But, when our dear friends and fellowhelpers cease to pray, the Holy Spirit hastens to depart and "Ichabod," is written upon the place of assembly. Promises ofthe mercy of the Lord, dear Friends, are sent to you on purpose that you may pray for the covenanted gifts and you shall nothave them unless you seek His face for them.

V. Last of all, the Lord tells you what He is going to do and in this He has yet another objective in view, namely, TO

FOSTER GRATITUDE AND ASSURANCE WHEN THE MERCY HAS BEEN RECEIVED. When the blessing comes,

the man who has received it declares, "I know that this came from God because He promised to give it. I know that God wasin all this because I can see He has acted according to His own declaration. His Word has not returned to Him void. He hasdone what He said, when He said, and as He said-surely this thing is of the Lord!" Then comes the inference- "If He has doneall this for me in the past, He will do as much for me in the future. He told me that He would help me and He has helped me.He assures me that He will still be my Helper and I am sure He will, for He changes not-

"Each sweetEbenezer I ha ve in review, Confirms His good pleasure to help me quite through."

This is God's way of breeding assurance in the minds of His people. If you notice in the next chapter, the one argument whichGod seems to use, there, is, "I will because I have." I will read it to you. "Thus says the Lord that created you, O Jacob,and He that formed you, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed you, I have called you by your name; you are Mine." What then?"When you pass through the waters I will be with you and through the rivers they shall not overflow you." Do you think thatI have redeemed you to drown you? "When you walk through the fire you shall not be burned." Do you think that I created youto be destroyed and redeemed you that the flames should consume you? I have loved you. I have redeemed you. Therefore I willhelp you and keep you even to the end." This is God's argument of consolation. Do you not see the force of it?

Look in the third verse, "I gave Egypt for your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for you. Since you were precious in My sight, youhave been honorable, and I have loved you: therefore will I give men for you, and people for your life." If I paid a fullransom once, I will stick at no expense to gain My precious purchase. If I gave Egypt and Ethiopia once, I will give the same,again, and I will have My redeemed ones set free. You are Mine, and I will not lose you. I will spend all Heaven but whatI will bring you safely home to Myself. See, He says, "I have created him; I have formed him, yes, I have

made him," and therefore He says, "/ will bring your seed from the east and gather you from the west." I know of nothing exceptthe sure promise and oath of the glorious Jehovah which is worthy to be the ultimate foundation of our hope!

Beyond that, I know of nothing that is so firm a foundation for our hope as our past experience of the faithfulness of God.If the Lord had meant to be unfaithful, He would have been unfaithful long ago. If it had been possible for Him to cast awayHis people, He would have cast you and me away years ago. Does a man bestow much care and labor and expense on that whichhe intends to leave unfinished? Does a wise man begin to build a house and then leave the structure unroofed and incomplete?Will God begin the work of Grace in you and not complete it? Will He bring you so far on the road to the Golden City and thenleave you and put you to shame? Shall it be said in eternity, "This man trusted in God and God failed him. This poor sinnerrested in the blood of Christ, but Christ could not save him"?

Never, oh never! The Lord has given you many promises and He has fulfilled them in order that, today, in your present difficultiesand tomorrow in your new troubles, you may stand firm as a rock and feel, "He will help me. Yes, He will uphold me! Yes, Hewill deliver me! Therefore my heart is fixed, my heart is fixed, trusting in the Lord."-

"I know thatsafe with Him remains

Protected by His power,

What I've committed to His hands

Till the decisive hour.

Then will He own His servant's name

Before His Father's face,

And in the New Jerusalem

Appoint my soul a place."

Such faith as this is God's due. He deserves nothing less than unmingled confidence! He has never lied to any of you- neverdoubt Him till He gives you cause for suspicion! Rest-quietly wait and patiently hope-and you shall see the salvation of God!As surely as the Lord lives, He will not forsake your believing soul, but will be always at your side till He has done thatwhich He has spoken to you and brought you Home to dwell at His right hand with His dear Son forever and ever. Amen.

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