Sermon 1495. The King-Priest

(No. 1495)

DELIVERED ON LORD'S-DAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 21, 1879,

BY C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.

"He shall sit and rule on His throne; and He shall be a priest on His throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between themboth." Zechariah 6:13.

LET us first look at the historical setting of this passage. It would seem that three Jews of the captivity had come fromBabylon with a contribution towards the building of the temple at Jerusalem under Zerubbabel and Joshua. Their names are givenin the 10th verse of the chapter before us. Now, the Jews at Jerusalem had become exceedingly exclusive and, in some measure,rightly so. They would not accept help for the building of the Temple from Samaritans because they were a mixed race. Theyhad said to them, "You have nothing to do with us to build a house unto our God, but we ourselves together will build untothe Lord God of Israel."

Possibly they had begun to feel some coolness with reference to the captivity at Babylon inasmuch as if any did not come backto their own land, their descent must be proven before they would be acknowledged. If they would not quit the ease and comfortof the towns in which they were settled and come up to Jerusalem to work with their brethren, could they be sure that theywere really Israelites? At any rate there would need to be some enquiry into the pedigree of anyone offering gifts to makesure they might not be receiving help from Samaritan pretenders.

There was, however, no difficulty about the acceptance of the offerings in this case, for the Prophet Zechariah was bid tohasten down that same day and meet the three worthy Jews from Babylon. He was to accept for the Lord the tribute which theyhad brought and make of it crowns of silver and gold. He was then to go with these Brothers and Josiah, the son of Zephaniah,their host, down to the Temple, call for the High Priest, Joshua, or Jesus, the son of Josedech, and place these coronetsof silver and gold upon his head.

This was to be done, not as an honor to the individual, but as a prophetic token that there would, in due time, arise Onewho would be a Priest crowned with many crowns. This illustrious Person, who is called, "the Branch," was to spring out ofthe decayed house of David, like a shoot from a tree which has been cut down even to the stump- according to the prophecyof Isaiah-"and there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots" (11:1). Hewas to be both a Priest and a King even as David had prophesied in the 110th Psalm-"The Lord has sworn, and will not repent,You are a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek."

Now Melchizedek combined the king and the priest in one person, as also does our Lord Jesus of whom Zechariah spoke. Thisroyal Priest was to build the real Temple of God, which the Temple at Jerusalem could never be, for the Highest dwells notin temples made with hands. It was also intimated by the Prophet that as at that particular time men had come from afar andhad brought offerings to the Temple, so in the days of this great Priest-King many should come from the uttermost ends ofthe earth and should, themselves, be built into the Temple of the Lord God.

This is the historical setting of our text. Now we have to learn its spiritual lesson. May the Holy Spirit be our Instructor.Last Sabbath morning we spoke of the Foundation of the Temple of God. We saw how-

"The Church's one Foundation Is Jesus Christ, our Lord."

We may not forget that He who is the Foundation is also the Builder of the spiritual house-"He shall build the temple of theLord; and He shall bear the glory." There is but One who is the true Architect and Master Builder of the Church of God, evenJesus Christ! His hands have laid the foundation of the house, His hands shall also finish it. So great is the fullness ofour Lord Jesus that no figures can exhaust His Character-He is not only Foundation and Builder, but He is the "Headstone ofthe corner"-the Pinnacle as well as the Basement, the Omega as well as the Alpha, the Finisher as well as the Beginner.

He begins, He carries on and He completes the Divine structure of the Church and when all this is done, it is He that establishesthe structure, provisions and furnishes it, keeps and preserves it and, best of all, it is He that is the Glory in the midst,dwelling in the Church, as a monarch in His own halls and making it to be a palace as well as a temple! It is the Lord Jesuswho walks among the golden candlesticks of the Church, who loads her table with bread and wine and sends forth His rod ofpower from her midst. As a King as well as a Priest, He dwells in His palace-temple. As the Shekinah was the Glory of theTabernacle of God among men in days of old, so is the Presence of Jesus the Glory of the Church at this hour. "Lo, I am alwayswith you; even unto the end of the world" is our pillar of cloud and of fire, our glory and our defense.

Our text tells us that the promised Builder of the spiritual temple will inhabit and build it in His double Character as Priestand King. The Church is built up by none other than by this Melchisidec and it is built by Him in virtue of both His officesas King and Priest. As King He puts forth power and as Priest He displays holiness. As a King He builds up the walls and asa Priest He sanctifies them unto the Lord. At this moment it will be well for our faith to open her eyes and look up intoHeaven, itself, and see our great exalted Priest-King sitting at the right hand of God and yet at the same time working, byHis Spirit, among men for the perfecting of His Church below. Our Solomon is both reigning and building! Of His Throne wemay well say, "there was not the same in any kingdom," and of His Temple we may also add that it is "exceedingly magnificent,of fame and glory throughout all countries."

I shall try, this morning, to set our Lord Jesus before you, as far as I can, in that double Glory which is peculiar to Himself-inthe majesty of His royalty and the holiness of His priesthood. Such lights meet not in any other star! To no one else belongsthe royal priesthood, save only that He reflects His own brightness upon His brethren, whom He has made to be priests andkings! The subject will run thus-first let us consider the glorious combination of offices in the Person of Christ. Secondly,let us notice the happy result of it-"the counsel of peace shall be between them both." And then, thirdly, let us suggestthe action on our part which is harmonious thereto-make crowns and set them upon the head of Jesus.

I. First, then, I want you to consider at this time THE GLORIOUS COMBINATION which is found in the Person of Jesus Christour Lord. Note, first that He is King and of Him, as King, it is written, "He shall sit and rule upon His throne." One hasthe idea of ease suggested by the expression. Few kings have been able to sit and rule. Most have been forced to rise andrush here and there to defend their sovereignty! No other seat in the world is so uneasy as a throne! We have seen monarchselevated by their soldiers, or borne aloft by the fickle throng-bayonets or ballot boxes have been the frail supports of theirthrones.

The last few centuries have been a sorry time for kings. As once men feared to be thought Prophets, so might men in revolutionarytimes have cried out, each one, "I am not a king nor the son of a king." But our Lord Jesus sits upon a Throne which knowsno trouble-once and for all He has bled and died and now He has gone into Glory never to be disturbed again. The Lord whohas set Him on the Throne by an unalterable decree, has His enemies in derision and Jesus waits in perfect rest until Hisfoes shall be made His footstool. Publicly recognized as King of kings by the Divine enthronement which His Father has givenHim, He is not a King warring for a disputed crown, nor battling to drive invaders from His realm-He sits and rules upon HisThrone!

Sitting is the posture of abiding as well as resting. Jesus reigns on and will reign on so long as the moon endures. "Yourthrone, O God, is forever and ever." Even we, who are yet young, have seen dynasties come and go and we have seen the kingdomsof the earth moved and tossed to and fro as the waves of the sea. But the Throne of Jesus has not been shaken, for it is written,"The Lord sits upon the flood; yes, the Lord sits King forever." "The Lord is great in Zion, and He is high above all thepeople." "The Lord shall reign forever and ever." Hallelujah! As a King, He is described as sitting upon His own Throne. Hehas not usurped the throne of another, but His right to sovereignty is indisputable. He is well qualified to be King of mensince He is their Redeemer.

His Father has given Him a crown as the reward of the travail of His soul, even as He promised, "Therefore will I divide Hima portion with the great, and He shall divide the spoil with the strong, because He poured out His soul unto death." He sitsupon a Throne which He has won by conquest, for He has vanquished the powers of darkness and led captivity captive. His rightto His Throne can never be disputed, for it is accorded to Him by the enthusiastic approval of all His people. Do we not sing-

"Bring forth the royal diadem, And crown Him Lord of all"?

There is no monarch so secure as He! He is really and truly King by Divine right. He is King by descent, for He is Son andheir of the Highest. He is King by His own intrinsic excellence, for there is none to be compared to Him. And he is King byHis own native might and majesty, for He Himself holds His Throne against all comers and shall hold it till all enemies shallbe under His feet. Thus is He spoken of as King.

A hint or two is given as to His position as Priest, namely, that He is first, Priest, before He is King, for so was the typein the text. Joshua, the son of Josedech was already High Priest and then he was crowned with the gold and silver crowns.Now, the kingdom of which we speak today it not that of Christ's essential royalty as by Divine Nature and, therefore, Lordof All, but that which His Father has given Him, because, "Being found in fashion as a Man, He humbled Himself, and becameobedient unto death, even the death of the Cross. Why God also has highly exalted Him, and given Him a name which is aboveevery name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in Heaven, and things in earth, and things under theearth; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father."

Jesus reigns because He died. For the suffering of death He is crowned with glory and honor. The saints in Heaven sing, "Youare worthy to take the Book and to open the seals thereof, for You were slain, and have redeemed us to God by Your blood."We note, too, with regard to our Lord's Priesthood, that He is said to sit, for if He sits as King, it is implied that Hesits as Priest. Indeed, it is expressly said, "He shall be a Priest upon His throne." Now, of no other priest is it said thathe sits, for the Apostle says, "Every priest stands daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which cannever take away sins." There was no seat provided within the Holy Place for Aaron, or for any of the priests-they were servantsof God and they stood, daily ministering.

"But this Man, after He had offered one Sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God; from that time waitingtill His enemies be made His footstool. For by one offering He has perfected forever them that are sanctified." Jesus stillsits forevermore in quiet expectancy, for all His work is done-there is no merit to be worked out to complete His righteousness,no sufferings to be endured to perfect His Atonement. "It is finished," He said, as He gave up the ghost-and it is finished!And in token thereof, Jehovah says to Him, "Sit You at My right hand until I make Your enemies Your footstool." So far, then,we have a glimpse of the King sitting on His Throne and of the Priest, crowned and resting from His labors-we have seen eachoffice.

Now we are to see the two combined in the Lord Jesus. And to make the combination clear we shall notice, first, that as aPriest, He is royal. And then, secondly, that as a King, He is priestly. Consider, now, that as a Priest, our Lord is royal.He was a Priest when He honored the Law by His death. He was a Priest when He took upon Himself our sins and bore them, offeringHis own soul as the Victim upon the Altar of His body. He was to the fullest, a Priest when He presented His one Sacrificefor sin. But never let it be forgotten that even then, in His Nature, He was a King! The sword of vengeance awoke againstthe Man who was Jehovah's Fellow even when He bled. The Laws which He vindicated had been ordained by Himself and it addsa special Glory to His priestly work of Atonement that it was worked by the royal Lawgiver Himself.

The subjects broke the Laws, but it was the King who bore the penalty! He that is under law offends, but He that made theLaw came under the Law that He might make amends to the injured honor of His own justice! This was a notable deed of loveand of justice combined. Let us be even more amazed at the Sacrifice of our great High Priest, because of the dignity of HisNature and the supremacy of His rank, for He made Himself of no reputation and took upon Himself the form of a Servant! OurLord stooped to the lowest service for our sakes when He was acting a Priest among us in these lower realms.

He presented Himself as an Offering for sin and men scourged Him, spat upon Him and hung Him up like a felon- and in all thisshame and suffering we look to Him as our Savior! Thus He made expiation for sin. But though we are to look to Him in thatcapacity for the pardon of sin, as men sought cleansing from a priest, we must never forget that now He expects homage fromus and we must come to Him for government as men pay obedience to a king. Think of Him as the Crucified One as much as youwill, for as such He is your atoning Sacrifice, but remember that this same Jesus which

was crucified, God has proclaimed to be both Lord and King. Trust in the Man of the crown of thorns must foster and nourishreverence for the Lord who wears many crowns.

We must not only trust but worship. We must never separate from that shame and spitting the fact that the four living creaturesand the elders prostrate themselves before the Lamb and sing unto His praise, "You are worthy to take the Book, and to openthe seals thereof: for you were slain, and have redeemed us to God by Your blood."-

"Salvation to God, who sits on the Throne, Let all cry aloud, and honor the Son! The praises of Jesus the angels proclaim,Fall down on their faces and worship the Lamb." O you that come to Him today laden with guilt and full of fears to wash yourselvesin the fountain which He filled from His own veins, you must also come to obey Him and to walk in His statutes! You may notcome to Him merely that you may get your sins forgiven-you must come to be cleansed from the power of evil-and to yield yourselvesunto God. Jesus was given that He might be Leader and Commander to the people, as well as their Deliverer and Savior.

A true disciple looks to His Master for ruling as well as for teaching and he expects to render obedience as well as to receiveinstruction. There may be no separation between these two points-our Priest to save must always be regarded as our King torule. He puts away sin, but He expects to reign over the forgiven spirit. He washes our feet, but He looks to see that wealso practice His precepts and example of love, for He says-"You also ought to wash one another's feet." At this moment inHeaven, if your eyes of faith can see the Lord Jesus, you perceive that He is pleading for His people as a Priest. It is apriest's duty to offer intercession for those over whom he is appointed-and this Jesus does continually.

Has He not said, "For Zion's sake will I not hold My peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest"? He always lives tomake intercession for them that come to God by Him. But do not forget that our Lord does not make intercession otherwise thanroyally. There is no prostration, now, amidst the olives of the gloomy garden; no bloody sweat; no strong crying and tears.He says not, "Not as I will, but as You will," but He urges His case in another fashion. The interceding Priest has laid asideHis bloodstained garments and put on His robes of holiness for Glory and for beauty! He wears the jeweled breastplate; ephodof gold and blue and purple and scarlet; miter and fine linen and gold; and girdle of needlework the High Priest wore on favoreddays-all typical of the Glory of the Lord Jesus now that He has gone within the veil.

With authority He pleads with God from the Throne of His power. He asks and He has. He speaks and it is done, for the Intercessorof the saints before the Throne of God is now the King immortal, eternal, invisible-the only wise God, our Savior! Oh, whatprevalence there is in His plea! And when we give Him our cause to plead, how confident we may feel that the blessing willcome to us. As a Priest our Redeemer not only pleads with God, but He blesses the people. It was the work of the High Priestto pronounce the benediction over the house of Israel. Jesus does that, but He does it royally! I mean He does it with thepower of a king as well as with the commission of a priest. He does not merely wish us good, but He works us good! There isOmnipotent Sovereignty at the back of the priestly benediction. He that speaks and declares His people to be justified, accepted,preserved and blessed is He who can make good His words. The benediction of Jesus, the Priest, is the benediction of Jesusthe King! Let us rejoice and be glad in this.

And now, Beloved, it is as a Priest that Jesus sends out His Gospel to the ends of the earth. In that Gospel He invites mento come to Him that He may purge them from their uncleanness. Today He speaks by us, His ministers, and bids men come to thegreat Priest that He may heal them of their leprosy and deliver them from all manner of defilement. But, mark you, it is aninvitation from a King as well as from a Priest-and he that rejects it shall be counted guilty of disloyalty and high treason!"He that believes not shall be damned." It is not, O sons of men, that Jesus offers you salvation and leaves it up to youwhether you will have it or not! If you reject it your rejection will be required at your hands! Beware, you despisers, andwonder and perish!

The invitation to the wedding of the great King is made freely, of His voluntary bounty, but if any who are bid shall refuseto come, the King will be angry and send forth His armies against those who thus proclaim their enmity. Jesus is not onlyPriest, asking you to come to Him and receive of His forgiving love, but He is King as well-and He will break, with a rodof iron, all that dare to trample on His blood and slight His priestly Grace. Thus I have put forward the combination in oneform and testified that Jesus, as a Priest, is right kingly in all that He does.

Let us now turn the other side of the Truth towards the light and see that as a King He always retains His priestly Characterand, in the deeds of His Sovereignty, He acts not otherwise than as the High Priest of His people. The Lord Jesus Christ isKing over all at this very moment. He reigns over the whole world and, notwithstanding all this hurly-burly of affairs, thisperpetual clamor of wars and rumors of wars, His kingdom rules over all! Our Lord is Master of the game and He shall surelywin at the end. "The government shall be upon His shoulders."

But, blessed be His name, our Lord's kingly majesty is ever softened and sweetened by His priestly tenderness, otherwise Hewould have crushed this world out of existence long ago! If Rule had been all and Mercy had not claimed her share, Justicewould have swept away this rebellious race! If Jesus were not Priest as well as King, He would say to His angels, "Go andsmite that nation which refuses My Gospel. Destroy Antichrist that lifts his triple crown against My Sovereignty. Go and scourgethat favored nation which, having the Gospel of peace, yet chooses war and with high looks and lofty words provokes bloodshed."

He does not destroy because His office is to forgive and save! A priest must show longsuffering, gentleness and compassion,for, to that end, is he taken from among men and ordained for men in the things of God. Such is our Lord-"He is not slackconcerning His promise, but He is longsuffering to us, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance."This longsuffering of the King leads to repentance-its intent is man's salvation. We, who are short of patience, cry eagerlyto Him, "Come, O King. Come, O King!" But He answers, "I tarry yet a while in mercy that still more may be gathered to Myname and may wash themselves in My atoning blood." Think of this, my Brothers and Sisters! Do not lower Christ's Sovereignty,but at the same time learn to see it shining with gentler beams through the medium of His priestly Character!

And, now, today, among His servants, Jesus alone is King and as King He commands us. He lays certain laws upon His servantsand He bids us teach all men to observe His statutes. But, oh, it is so sweet to think that our King in Zion is also a faithfuland merciful High Priest, touched with a feeling of our infirmities, ready to help us and prompt to forgive us. My Brothersand Sisters, though Jesus commands you, yet He pities your weakness and helps you to obey. He has given you a Law, but Heknows your feebleness and so He gives you Grace to keep it! Yes, and when you do not keep it, He has pity upon the ignorantand upon them that are out of the way-and your sins of ignorance and of transgression He continues, still, to put away.

When His servants were about Him here on earth, He not only gave His commands to them, but He prayed for them that they mightbe kept from disobeying in the hour of trial. And He restored them when they had fallen. He not only ruled His little bandof followers, but He kept them in the name of the Lord. He was their King and their Priest, too. Read the commands of Jesuswith becoming reverence, for He is your king! But let them not distress you, for He knows your weakness and will help youto do what, of yourself, you are incapable of doing! He is King, but the priestly garment is always over the kingly vesture-whateverthe ornaments of His imperial splendor, He is still clothed with a garment down to the feet. The priesthood covers all andremoves all cause of dread from every believing mind.

The same is true of our great King when He goes out to war. He is the Lord mighty in battle-in righteousness He does judgeand make war. The Psalmist cries, "Gird Your sword upon Your thigh, O most mighty, with Your glory and Your majesty. And inYour majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and Your right hand shall teach You terriblethings. Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under You." But the wars of Christare not like the wars of earthly monarchs. His sword is not in His hand, but it goes out of His mouth-and with this He smitesand rules the nations! He is clothed in a vesture dipped in blood, but it is His own blood!

Every battle of the warrior is with confused noise and garments rolled in blood, but this is a warfare of another fashion,for He wrestles not with men, but with their sins! Not with princes and armies, but with falsehood and iniquity! His victoriesare not those of mighty men who return from the fray amidst the groans of widows and the cries of orphans, but His bloodlesstriumphs make glad the poor and the oppressed and only crush down principalities and powers and spiritual wickedness in highplaces, bringing good to all who seek His face! He is a King, but always the patron and true Priest of men. Among ourselvesat this day, Beloved, we who know Him delight to acknowledge Him as our King. O Lord Jesus, You greater Joseph, the Shepherdand Stone of Israel, all our sheaves pay obedience unto Your sheaf and all Your father's children bow down before You!

You more glorious Judah, You are He whom Your brothers shall praise! Unto You shall the gathering of the people be! The Chiefamong 10,000 and the altogether lovely are You. Yes, Beloved, this glorious One is our Brother and delights to be regardedas a Priest taken from among men, being one of ourselves, able to sympathize with our infirmities! Our Lord is higher thanthe highest and yet He stoops as low as the lowest. He is kingly even to Deity and yet so truly a Priest that in all our afflictionsHe is afflicted! He is not ashamed to call us brethren. Ruler of our race, He is yet partaker of our flesh and blood and Heis acquainted with all our sorrows. True King and yet true Priest.

Thus I would have you blend the idea in both ways and see Jesus as a royal Priest and a priestly King-

"Jesus, the King of Glory, reigns On Sion's heavenly hill. Looks like a lamb that has been slain, And wears His priesthoodstill." Such is your Lord. May your view of Him be clear; your faith in Him be firm; your love to Him be fervent; your joyin Him be overflowing and your obedience to Him be constant. Trust the Priest and serve the King! And always pay your vowsunto Him who is "a Priest upon His throne."

II. Secondly and very briefly, we shall now meditate upon THE HAPPY RESULT of all this. The text says, "The counsel of peaceshall be between them both." I confess myself unable dogmatically to interpret this passage, for there are no less than threepossible meanings. I must give them all and leave you to judge for yourselves. The most natural reading, to my mind, is thatwhen we shall see, in the Person of Christ, the King and the Priest combined, the counsel of peace shall be between them both.These offices, the King and the Priest, being combined in one, shall make a deep and lasting peace for us-a peace arrangedby the deep thought and counsel of God-and therefore full of wisdom, truth, and certainty. When we see the Lawgiver Himselfmaking Atonement for our transgressions, we have peace, indeed! When Ruler and Savior meet in one Person, the rest is sureand profound.

Beloved, if this is not the meaning of the passage, it is at least a precious Truth of God. If we need peace, we can onlyobtain it by knowing Christ as Priest and King. The counsel of peace must lie between these two. Oh, do you know Christ, mydear Hearers, as your Priest? Have you seen Him offering Sacrifice for your sin? Does He stand, instead of you, before God?Do you present your prayers and your praises to God through Him? Well, then, you have begun to know what peace is, for peacecomes through the blood of Jesus the Priest-peace by His righteousness, peace by His Sacrifice.

But if, knowing this, you are still in trouble of heart, remember that you need to know Him, also, as your King. When He subduesyour iniquities; when the power of sin is taken away as well as the guilt of it, then you shall know the perfection of peace."Take My yoke upon you," He says, "and learn of Me, and you shall find rest unto your souls." It is not in a mere belief inChrist as your Savior that you will ever get perfect peace-it is by yielding up yourself unto Him that He may rule and reignover you completely. This Man shall be the peace when He is Lord as well as Priest. As long as your will rebels against yourRedeemer's rule, you cannot have unbroken rest. It is idle for you to talk about trusting in the blood of Jesus unless yousubmit to His scepter!

The Cross itself cannot save you if you divorce it from the crown. Your Savior must be a Priest upon His Throne to you. Hisblood must be on your conscience and His yoke must be upon your neck. There is no counsel of peace until it is between boththese-the kingly Priest, the priestly King, alone, can make and maintain the peace of God within you. That is a great anddeep Truth of God-may we learn it well. But it is thought by some wise men that the text means the counsel of peace shallbe between Jehovah, the Father, and the Son. I am not sure that such a meaning would suggest itself to every reader and asthe most obvious meaning is generally to be preferred, I will not contend for this second meaning.

However, as an interpretation, it is certainly not too far-fetched and, even if it cannot be sustained, it is certainly avery great Truth of God. It is between God, the Eternal Father, and Jesus Christ, our Melchizedek, or King-Priest, that thecounsel of peace has been established on our behalf. You never know God so as to have peace with Him till you know God inhuman flesh. Only the Incarnate God can end the trouble of your spirit. Yes, and it must be that Incarnate God bleeding, suffering,dying, making expiation for sin and then rising to the Throne and ruling over all that must be seen before you can perceivehow the infinitely glorious Jehovah can be at peace with you. God in Covenant is God at peace with man.

There was a counsel between the Trinity at the making of man, "Let Us make man" and so, also, there was a counsel betweenthe Divine Persons at the redemption of man-the counsel of peace is between them both. It is a joy for us to know that betweenJesus, our Priest-King, and the Everlasting God, peace has been established for us. Peace which never can be broken! Our firstCovenant head, Adam, broke the treaty and left us at war with God. But the second Adam has fulfilled and established the Covenantof Grace and, believing in His name, we have peace with God!

But there is a third meaning and although I am not sure of it as the sense here, it is assuredly a blessed Truth and appearsto me to be congruous with the connection. Let me go back to the historical circumstances. Here were these three men thathad come from Babylon. The Prophet is to take them to the house of a Jew in Jerusalem. There might be some little differencesbetween these men and the Jerusalem Jews. These Babylonian Jews had not come up to dwell in Jerusalem, but Josiah, the sonof Zephaniah, was a resident there and he might have demurred and have said, "We cannot take your present to the Temple becauseyou do not bring yourselves and come to abide with your own people."

No, but they were to go up, together, bearing the gold and silver crowns and put them upon the head of the priest. They wereto go up in unity and love-and they were to furnish in their own persons, types of other far-off ones who should come to thegreat crowned Priest whose coming the Prophet had foretold. Thus said the Prophet, "They that are far off shall come and buildin the temple of the Lord, and you shall know that the Lord of Hosts has sent Me unto you." Now, certainly, it is in JesusChrist, the Priest and King, that the Jews who were near and the Gentiles who were afar off are brought together and madeone!

In Him the middle wall of partition is broken down and the counsel of peace is between us both. The day shall come when ourglorious Lord shall be more clearly manifested than now, in the glory of His Second Advent and when the Jews shall beholdHim as the priestly King and bow before Him. Then shall the fullness of the Gentiles also be gathered in and the Lord JesusChrist shall reign over the whole earth. May that day speedily dawn! We have reason to expect it, therefore, let us pray forit and strive for its coming. Jesus the Priest and King is the uniter of the divided nations! Jew and Gentile are, after all,of one blood and one God is the Father of all-why should they not become one? "One touch of nature makes the whole world kin,"but one touch of Jesus Christ shall do it infinitely better-shall do it once and for

all!

III. I close with the third point, which is this-THE ACTION WHICH IS HARMONIOUS WITH THESE

TRUTHS. The connection of our text suggests to us to do exactly what the prophet Zechariah advised the Babylonian Jews andJosiah to do. I will read you what he said-"Take silver and gold and make crowns and set them upon the head of Joshua" orJesus. This is what is to be done. First, "take." "Take silver and gold." That is, bring the choicest things you have. IfJesus Christ is Priest, should you not bring your offerings to Him! If Jesus Christ is King, should you not bring tributeto your King!

If you have gold and silver, bring them, for to Him shall be given of the gold of Ophir. If you have talent, which is muchmore valuable than gold and silver, bring ability, tact, genius-bring all the acquisitions of learning, all the acquirementsof experience-and all your natural talents and consecrate them all to Him. Whether you have these or not, bring your heart,which is more precious, by far! It is the very essence of your being-make this a crown for Jesus. Come, bring your soul, yourlife, your all. Has He redeemed you? Then be His forever! Is He your King? Do not mock Him with a half-hearted service-beloyal to such a Sovereign and serve Him with spirit, soul and body. Take silver and gold and bring them to Him. Bring yourwhole being to Him.

What next? "Take," then, "make." "Make crowns." Come, my Brothers and Sisters, I invite you to this occupation! You say, "Weare neither goldsmiths nor silversmiths." Nevertheless, make crowns! Try your hands, this morning, and make crowns for Jesuswith such material as you have. Fashion the crown of memory. Think of what He has done for you from the first day until now.Interweave and intertwist the recollections of the past-hammer out the gold of gratitude-set in it the gems of love and makea crown for His dear head. Make crowns by holy contemplation and thought! Think how great your Lord is and how great He deservesto be blessed, ever-blessed!

Then make crowns of purposes of what you hope to be and do. Plot and plan within your spirit something you have not yet done,which you are able to do before you go home to Heaven. Look for some child you may teach; some sinner you may woo and win;some treasure you may spend for Jesus; some precious promise you may whisper in the ears of the distressed; some holy enterpriseyou may suggest to earnest youth. Make crowns! It seems to me so sweet that it should be

said, "Set them upon the head of Jesus." Brothers and Sisters, let us crown Him ourselves. We hope to do so in Heaven- letus do it here. Our love shall be the gold, our praise shall find the gems, our thanksgivings and our humble labors shall furnishthe silver and then we will set the golden chaplets about His brow which once was torn with thorns for us! Crowns for Jesus!Crowns for Jesus! Crowns for our priestly King! Let us make and bring them.

I return to that blessed precept, "Set them upon the head of Jesus." Whenever we have made a crown, let us take care to putit on His head ourselves. Have you ever, when you have been doing something for Him, or giving something to His cause, wishedthat you could present it to Him personally? Well, you may do so in spirit and that is as much a matter of fact as if youdid it bodily. With your shoes off your feet, let your spirit draw near to Jesus and, in thought, offer to Him the deed whichyou have worked. Speak to Him and tell Him that this is done only for Him. I do not know a greater pleasure upon earth thanto think of something you can do for Jesus-and then to do it for Him and to tell Him so!

"Jesus, I did it all for You. I thought not of my Brothers and Sisters' praise, nor do I think of it now, but I did this deedfor You alone. Here is the best crown I can make and by Your Grace I put it on Your head." The love of Jesus will suggestand produce many a deed which otherwise had never been done. If you have a beautiful alabaster box, it is not pleasant tobreak it and if you have choice ointment, it is not according to nature to pour it out upon another. No, but when you arebefore His feet, the feet of Jesus, your Lord, then is it a delight to break the alabaster box and to pour out its fragrantcontents for Him! The utmost waste is economy when it is done for Him! And to sacrifice strength, soul, health, life is tosave it all when it is spent for Him!

Where should it go? Where should my all go? For what should my bodily frame be consumed? For what should my soul be pouredout but for His honor? Do you not feel it so? You will, if you distinctly recognize that He is King and Priest. You will bringcrowns to put on His head if you know who and what He is. And what is said last? It is said that this should be a memorialto those three men and to the brother who had entertained them. I suppose these crowns of silver and gold were hung up inthe Temple and, when anybody said, "What are those crowns, yonder?" it would be answered, "Those are crowns which were made,by order of the Prophet Zechariah, by Heldai and Tobijah and Jedaiah, who came from Babylon. And they are in memory of thosemen and of the hospitality of Josiah, the son of Zephaniah, who entertained them at his house when they came. They are hungup in the Temple in honor of the coming priestly King and in memory of those four men who presented an offering to the Lord."

It seems very amazing that God should allow, in His house, memorials of His servants, but He does so. And our great priestlyKing allows memorials of His people in His Temple now. We shall never forget, shall we, while the world stands, the sacrificeof Paul and how he made crowns and set them on the head of Jesus? Never while the earth lasts shall we forget the sacrificeof John, Peter and James. No, the Church will not forget the sacrifices of Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Wycliffe. And the holylives and ardent ministries of Whitefield and Wesley shall not be forgotten in the Church because they made crowns and setthem on the head of Jesus!

"Oh," you say, "but we must not remember men!" "No," I say, "we may remember men and, women, too, for our Lord has set usthe example. "Wherever this Gospel is preached there shall this which this woman has done be mentioned for a memorial of her."My Master thinks much of His people and in the plenitude of His great goodness the little things which they do for Him areheld in remembrance. Did he not say of Cornelius, "Your prayers and your alms have come up as a memorial of you"? This issweet to think upon. While our King-Priest shall have the crowns and wear them, yet we, if we bring love tokens and honorablespoils to Him, shall be remembered, too, in that day when He shall award the praise to His people, saying, "Well done, goodand faithful servants."

The Lord whom we serve will immortalize our service by uniting it with His service! We shall rest from our labors, but ourworks shall follow us. The righteous shall be had in everlasting remembrance! They shall shine forth as the sun when theirLord's Glory shall be revealed. Their Priest shall make them priests! Their King shall make them kings and they shall foreverbe filled with the vision of the Priest upon His Throne. So may it be with us! Amen.

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