Sermon 1317. Overcome Evil With Good

(No. 1317)




"Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good." Romans 12:21.

THIS is a very meaty verse and the form of it greatly assists the memory. It is worthy to be called a Christian Proverb. Iwould recommend every Christian to learn it by heart and have it ready for use, for there are a great many Proverbs whichconvey a very different sense and these are often quoted to give the weight of authority to unchristian principles. Here isan Inspired Proverb-carry it with you and use it as a weapon with which to parry the thrusts of the world's wisdom. "Be notovercome of evil, but overcome evil with good." Observe that the text appears to give us a choice between two things and bidsus choose the better one. You must either be overcome of evil, or you must, yourself, overcome evil-one of the two.

You cannot let evil alone and evil will not let you alone. You must fight. And in the battle you must either conquer or beconquered. The words before us remind me of the saying of the Scot officer of the Highland regiment when he brought them upin front of the enemy and said, "Lads, there they are: if you dinna kill them they'll kill you." So does Paul marshal us infront of evil and, like a wise general, he puts us on our mettle by saying, "Overcome, or be overcome." There is no avoidingthe conflict, no making truce or holding parley, no suspension of hostilities after a brief skirmish. The battle must be foughtthrough to the end and can only close with a decided victory to one or the other side.

Soldier of Christ, do you need to debate which of the two to choose, victory or defeat? To be utterly overcome of evil wouldbe a very dreadful thing! I shall say but little about it, because I trust we shall, by Divine Grace, be upheld so as neverto know by experience what it is to be overcome of evil! May we be "more than conquerors through Him that loved us." May webe happily ignorant of what it is to be vanquished by the powers of evil and remain like the British drummer boy who did notknow how to beat a retreat, for he had never had any use for such a thing! May we not know the dishonor and misery of beingovercome of evil because Divine Grace continually gives us the victory!

When we are overcome of evil, even for a moment, it discovers the sad weakness of our spiritual life. We must be babes inGrace and sadly carnal, still, if sin is allowed to master us. If we were stronger in the Lord and in the power of His might,we should overcome the world, itself, by faith! Did not John write unto young men and say, "You are strong and have overcomethe Wicked One"? If we are overcome of evil, even for a moment, it will cause us great sorrow if we are in our right mind.A tender conscience will be greatly vexed as soon as defeat is sustained and, in looking back upon our fall, if fall we do,it will be a daily grief to us that we suffered ourselves to be overcome by evil at all.

To be overcome of evil is dishonoring to our Lord and opens the mouths of adversaries. Those who watch for our falling willbe sure to make much of it. "Report it, report it," they shout, and they do report it through the length and breadth of theland-that a servant of Christ has been overcome of evil. And if to be overcome of evil were not occasional but were continuous-ifit could be said of our whole life that we were overcome of evil-it would prove that we were none of Christ's, for he thatis born of God overcomes the world. Our Lord Jesus said, "Be of good cheer, I have overcome the world," and He makes all Histrue disciples partakers of this victory!

Only to conquerors are the great promises of the Book of Revelation given-"To him that overcomes will I give to eat of thehidden manna." "Him that overcomes will I make a pillar in the house of My God." "To him that overcomes will I grant to sitwith Me on My Throne, even as I also overcame and am set down with My Father on His Throne." To be defeated in the battleof life would prove that we did not belong to that conquering seed which, if its heel is bruised, shall, nevertheless, breakthe foeman's head. Fix it, then, in your minds, that evil is to be overcome! It is a matter of necessity that we wage thiswar and succeed in it. We must triumph over the powers of darkness!

Few are the words, but weighty is the meaning of our text. In one terse sentence the conflict is set before us and the swordof the battle is put into our hands. "Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good." Good is the only weapon which,in this dread conflict, we are permitted to use! And we may rest assured it will be sufficient and effectual. To use any otherweapon is not only unlawful but altogether impossible, for he who wields the sword of evil is no longer Christ's soldier atall! The reference in the text is to personal injuries and, therefore, we shall confine ourselves to that one point, thoughthe principle is capable of very great extension.

In fighting with sin and error, our weapons must be holiness and truth, and these alone. It is a wide subject and I will notventure upon it. That personal injury is referred to in my text is clear from the preceding verses, "Dearly Beloved, avengenot yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is Mine: I will repay, says the Lord. Thereforeif your enemy is hungry, feed him. If he is thirsty, give him drink: for in so doing you shall heap coals of fire on his head."With regard to the evil of personal injury, the common method is to overcome evil with evil-let us talk about it. Secondly,the Divine method is to overcome evil with good-let us speak of that and this will, no doubt, exhaust our time.

As this is a very practical subject, let us entreat the Holy Spirit to teach us the will of Christ and then to enable us toobey it in all things. I shall be much disappointed if the subject does not humble as well as instruct us! And if it doesthis, it will be well for us to fly at once to the blood of the Atonement, that we may be purged from former faults and cleansedfor future holiness.

I. THE COMMON METHOD OF OVERCOMING INJURIES IS OVERCOMING EVIL WITH EVIL. "Give him a Roland for his Oliver." "Give him asgood as he sends." "Sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander." "Be six to his half dozen." I might go on with a score ofproverbs, all inculcating the sentiment of revenge, or at least of meeting evil with evil. I have to observe that the overcomingof evil with evil is, in the first place, a most natural procedure. It suggests itself to any fool to overcome evil with evil!A lunatic or idiot could do that! You need not train your children to do it, it will be suggested in their infancy and theywill strike the floor upon which they fall, and beat the post against which they stumble-to punish it for their hurt.

It is natural, very sadly natural. A sort of instinct suggests it-the instinct of the worm which turns if it is stepped on.This instinct says, "Surely we are not to suffer evil without resenting it and what can we do better than to treat othersas they treat us?" It must be admitted, also, that there is a show of justice about such a method of combating evil. Why shouldnot a man be made to suffer who makes me suffer? And if he does me wrong, why should I not defend myself and make him smartfor making me smart? I freely admit that this is exceedingly natural and has a show ofjustice about it.

But to which part of us is it natural? Think for a minute. Is it natural to the new-created spirit which dwells in Believers,or is it natural to us because there is a part of us which is animal? Is it the new man in us which suggests revenge? Or isit the flesh, the mere animal in us which strikes out to avenge itself? A moment's reflection will let you see that the returningof evil for evil is natural to the animal nature, but that it is not, and never can be, natural to the new-created spiritwhose nature is like the God from which it came, namely love, gentleness and kindness. "Good for evil is God-like. Good forgood is man-like. Evil for good is devil-like. Evil for evil-." What is it? I quote it to prove my point. It is beast-like!It is like the beast which kicks because it is kicked, gores because it is gored and bites because it is bitten!

Surely we cannot allow the lower part of our triple nature to dictate to our Heaven-born Spirit. We cannot let the servantbe the master! We will be natural, but the nature which we will follow shall be that which we received in our regenerationwhen we were made partakers of the Divine Nature and enabled to escape the corruptions of the world. That returning evil forevil looks like rough and ready justice, I have confessed, but then is any man prepared to follow out for himself and in hisown case this rule of justice? Is he prepared to stand before God and receive evil for his evil? "He shall have justice withoutmercy that shows no mercy."

Is he willing to stand before God on the same terms as he would have the offending one stand before himself? No, our bestand, indeed, our only hope must lie in the mercy of God who freely forgives offenses! We must look up to Infinite Love andentreat the Lord to have mercy upon us according to the multitude of His loving kindnesses and, therefore, we must rendermercy to others. To recompense evil for evil is natural, but may God deliver us from the nature which makes it natural! Itis just, no doubt, after a fashion, but from that sort of justice may our Redeemer rescue us! Again, it is admitted that theart of returning evil for evil is very, very easy. If, my dear Friend, you make it a rule that nobody shall

ever insult you without having to pay for it, nor treat you with disrespect without meeting his match, you need not pray toGod, in the morning, to help you to carry out your resolve.

There will be no need to wrestle in prayer that you may be graciously enabled to take vengeance on your adversaries and standup for your rights! You can do that decidedly better by trusting to yourself than by looking to God! Indeed, you dare notlook to God about it at all. The devil will help you-and between your own passion and the Evil One, the thing may be veryeasily managed. There will be no reason for watchfulness. You need not be on your guard or keep your self in check. On thecontrary, you may give to the very worst part of your nature the greatest possible license and go ahead according to the rageof your passionate spirit.

Prayer and humility of mind will, of course, be quite out of the question. Nor will there be any need for faith-you will notcommit your case unto God and leave it there-you will fight your own battles, wipe off old scores as you go, and place yourdependence on fierce speeches, on mighty fists, or on the law and the policeman. Christian Graces will be too much in yourway for you to think of them! Gentleness, meekness, forbearance, forgiveness-you will bid good-bye to these and cultivatethe virtues of a savage or of a bulldog. All this is wonderfully easy, though it may be that before long it will turn outto be difficult.

Now, I put it to Christians whether that which is so very easy to the very worst of men can ever be the right procedure forthose who ought to be the best of men? If the Divine plan of love is difficult and requires great Grace to enable you to followit, and I freely admit that it does-if it is very difficult to maintain it and will require much prayer, much watchfulnessand much conquest of yourself-is it not, therefore, the more sure to be right? As for that which is so easy, let that be leftto publicans and sinners! But as for you who have received more mercy of God than other men, should you not render more? Youbelieve yourselves to be twice born, you have received a new and heavenly life-what do you do, more than others? Ought younot to show that there is more in you than in others by letting more come out of you than comes out of others?

Much more is expected of us than of the unregenerate-naturally and rightly, expectation runs high in reference to men whomake such high professions-and if the professed Christian is no better in his daily conversation than the ungodly, dependupon it, he is no Christian at all! We possess a higher life and we are lifted to a nobler platform than the common sons ofmen and, therefore, we must lead a nobler life and be guided by more sublime principles. Let the children of darkness meetevil with evil and carry on their wars and fights, their strifes and their envy, their malice and their revenge! But as foryou, O Believers, you are the children of the God of Love and love must be your life! You have been renewed in the spiritof your minds and you must not be conformed to this world, but be transformed into the likeness of Christ, your Master. Evilfor evil should be a principle detested by you and such should be your loving spirit that it ought to be no longer easy torecompense evil with evil, but difficult, yes, impossible to bring you to do anything of the kind! Revenge and fury shouldbe as alien to the spirit of a child of God as they would be to an angel before the Throne of God!

By many, to return evil for evil has been judged to be the more manly course. Years ago if a gentleman imagined himself tobe insulted, it was necessary, according to the code of honor then in vogue, for him either to shed the blood of the offendingperson, or at least to expose himself to the like peril of his life. Thank God that murderous custom is now almost entirelygone from the face of the earth! The spirit of Christianity, has, by degrees, overcome this evil. But there still abides inthe world the idea that to stand up for yourself, to just let people know what you are, never to knuckle down to anybody,but to defend your own cause and vindicate your honor has something extremely manly about it. And to yield, to submit, tobe patient, to be meek, to be gentle is considered to be unworthy of a man of spirit. They call it showing the white featherand being cowardly, though to my mind, he is the bravest man who can bear the most.

Now, Christian, who is your model of a man? You do not hesitate for a second, I am sure. There is but one model of a Christianand that is the Man, Christ Jesus. Will you then remember that whatever is Christly is manly and whatever you think to bemanly which is not Christ-like, is really unmanly, as judged by the highest style of man? The Lord Jesus draws near to a Samaritanvillage and they will not receive Him, though He was always kind to Samaritans. Good John, gentle John, becomes highly indignant,and cries, "Lord, will You that we command fire to come down from Heaven and consume them?" Jesus meekly answers, "You knownot what manner of spirit you are of: for the Son of Man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them."

See Him on another occasion. Your Master has risen from His knees, with the bloody sweat still on His face, and Judas comesand betrays Him. And they begin to handle Him very roughly and, therefore, being highly provoked, brave Peter draws out hissword. And just to flash it a little, he cuts off the ear of Malchus. Hear how gently Jesus says, "Put up again your swordinto his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword." And so He heals that ear at once. Was thatmanly, do you think? Was it manly to refuse to call fire from Heaven and to touch and heal the wounded ear? To me it seemssuperlatively manly! And may such be my manliness and yours!

Look at our Lord, again, before the High Priest, when an officer of the court, incensed by His gentle answers, smites Himon the cheek. What does Jesus say? Observe the difference between Christ and Paul. Paul says, "God shall smite you, you whitewall." Bravo, Paul! That is speaking up for yourself! We cannot blame you, for who are we to censure an Apostle? But lookat Paul's Master and hear His words, "If I have spoken evil bear witness of the evil; but if well, why do you smite Me?" Isnot the example of Jesus the more noble, the more God-like? No man, for a moment, can put the two side by side without feelingthat the Lord's conduct is by far the more sublime. It is not for us to imitate the servant of Christ when Christ, Himself,excels him! Here is victory when a man so overcomes himself that he replies to evil language with good and wise answers, notwith fierce and reviling words!

O Christians, look to Christ, your Lord, who all His life endured such contradiction of sinners against Himself! Who, whenHe was reviled, reviled not again, but submitted Himself to Him that judges righteously. And who, even on the cruel tree,when He was mocked by those around Him, had nothing to say but this-"Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do."O Man of men, be You the criterion from now on of all the manliness at which we aim! And if others count the opposite to bemanly, let them count it as they will-we are not of their mind! Dear Friends, we are now bold to affirm concerning the old,easy, natural method of returning evil for evil that it does not succeed! Nobody ever overcame evil by confronting it withevil!

Such a course increases the evil. When the great fire was blazing at London Bridge it would have been a strange way of puttingit out or keeping it under if our firemen had lit another fire close to it, or had pumped petroleum upon it! Yet I have knownsome try to overcome the evil of a passionate temper in a man by becoming passionate themselves-rolling up another tar barrelto his fire and so making it burn more furiously than ever. That is not conquering evil, nor is evil ever to be so conqueredtill water drowns the sea! A soft answer turns away wrath, but anger excites more anger and more sin. Behold how great a mattera little fire kindles, when it comes to be heaped up with fuel and blown upon by furious winds!

What is worse, when we assail evil with evil we are already, ourselves, overcome-we have fallen into the very wrong whichwe complain of. As long as we can be calm and quiet, we are victorious. But our breaking loose into an ill temper is our owndefeat-and being overcome, how can we overcome others? Brothers and Sisters, the desire to return evil for evil does not succeedbecause it injures us much more than it injures the person whom we seek to overcome! It has been said that the worst peaceis better than the best war-and I believe almost anything is better than becoming angry. Scarcely any injury which we canever sustain will so injure us as the injury which must arise to us from becoming angry and revengeful. Our enemies are notworth putting ourselves out about, after all, and ten minutes of a palpitating heart and of a disturbed circulation causesus greater real damage in body than an enemy could inflict in seven years.

Ten minutes of a fiery deluge overflowing the whole soul is a serious catastrophe! Ten minutes in which you could not lookJesus in the face, ten minutes in which you would be ashamed to think of the Master's being near, ten minutes of broken fellowship-whythis is a very serious self-torture! Let us not suffer it to please our foes. Alas, I have known professors keep up this wrathfor days and weeks! How it must hurt a man to have his soul broiling all that time! To have his heart roasting in the fireof wrath! I feel it to be too painful to bear, even for a brief season. It is bad for us in every sense, it hurts the mindpermanently. Evil for evil is a sharp-edged tool which cuts the man who uses it-a kind of cannon which is most dangerous tothose who fire it, both in its discharge and in its recoil.

If you wished to destroy your enemy, it would be wise to make him a present of this dangerous gun and allow him to have theentire monopoly of it. I may truly say that when we oppose evil with evil, the evil which comes from us does us far more injurythan any evil which we experience from others. Again, the method of overcoming evil with evil does not bear inspection. Itdoes not bear to be pondered and meditated on. Let any renewed man sit down for a minute, after he has fallen into this practice,and ask himself as a Christian, how he feels about it. He has usurped the place of God, for

vengeance belongs only to the Judge of all the earth-how does he feel while acting as an usurper? Who am I that I should clamberto the Throne of God and seize His sword and attempt to make myself judge and executioner among mankind?

Will this bear consideration? Can a child of God thus see himself guilty of high treason against his King? How does a manfeel when he is on his knees and remembers what he has done? How does he say, "forgive us our trespasses as we forgive themthat trespass against us"? Do not his eyes fill with tears and is not his heart heavy with regret? How will your hard speechesand fierce actions appear when viewed from your dying bed? Will railing, fighting and lawsuits be sweet memories there? Cansuch a thing as repaying evil with evil be the subject of our praise to God? Can we ever thank the God of Love for enablingus to avenge ourselves? If we cannot pray about it, or praise about it, let us let it alone!

Is there anything about it which we could whisper in the ear of Christ? Is there anything in it that will help us to nearerfellowship with Him? Is there anything in anger and wrath which will prepare us for the business of earth or for the blissof Heaven? It is bad, bad altogether! The best that I can say of it is that there may be rare occasions in which the provocationmay be so great as to present others from condemning us, but then I must add that at such times we had better, even then,make no excuse for ourselves. The mind of Christ is that when smitten on one cheek we turn the other and, that in no casewe render unto any man evil for evil.

Beloved Brothers and Sisters, I beseech you by the mercies of God that you refrain from, forever, the method of seeking toovercome evil with evil, and that you follow the example of your Lord, taking His yoke upon you and learning of Him, for Heis meek and lowly in mind.

II. Let us now consider THE DIVINE METHOD OF OVERCOMING EVIL WITH GOOD. And here I freely admit, to commence with, that thisis a very elevated mode of procedure. "Overcome evil with good! Ridiculous!" says one. "Utopian," cries another. "It mightdo for Plato's republic," says a third, "but it will never do for ordinary, everyday life." Well, I shall not blush to admitthat this is a very high course of conduct and one which the mere worldling cannot be expected to follow-but of Christianswe expect higher things! You have a high calling of God in Christ Jesus and you are, therefore, called to a high style ofcharacter by your glorious Leader, the Lord Jesus Christ!

Brothers and Sisters, if it is difficult, I commend it to you because it is so! What is there which is good which is not,also, difficult? Soldiers of Christ love those virtues most which cost them most. If it is hard to obtain, the jewel is allthe more precious. Since there is sufficient Grace to enable us to become like our Lord, we will labor after this virtue,also, and obtain the great Grace which its cultivation requires. Notice that this text inculcates not merely passive non-resistance,though that is going a good way, but it teaches us active benevolence to enemies. "Overcome evil with good," with direct andovert acts of kindness. That is, if any man has done you a wrong, do not only forgive it, but avenge it by doing him a favor!

Dr. Cotton Mather was never content till he had bestowed a benefit on every man who had, in any way, done him an injury. Ifanybody has slandered you, or treated you unkindly in any way, go out of your way to serve him. "If your enemy is hungry,feed him." You might say, "Well, I am sorry for him, but really, he is such a vagabond! I could not think of relieving him."Yet according to this Scripture, he is the very man you are bound to feed! If he is thirsty, do not say, "I hope somebodywill relieve him. I feel no animosity to the man, but I am not going out of my way to give him a drink." According to yourLord's command, he is the man to whom you must give drink! Go straightway to the well and fill your pitcher-and hasten togive him a drink at once, and without stint. You have not merely to forgive and forget, but you are bid to inflict upon themalicious mind the blessed sin-killing wound of your hearty and practical goodwill!

Give a blessing for a curse, a kiss for a blow, a favor for a wrong. "Oh," you say, "this is high. I cannot attain unto it."God is able to give you strength equal to this, also. "It is hard," you say. Ah, but if you take Christ to be your Master,you must do what He tells you and, instead of shrinking because His command seems difficult to flesh and blood, you must cry,"Lord, increase my faith and give me more of Your Spirit." To forgive to 70 times seven would not be hard to Christ, for Hedid it all His life. And it will not be hard for you if the same mind is in you which was also in Christ Jesus. It is to thisthat you are called! It is a sublime temper and it is exceedingly difficult and needs Divine Grace, needs watchfulness, needsliving near to God-but for these reasons it is all the more worthy of a follower of Jesus and, therefore, we should aim atit with our whole heart.

The benefit of the method of returning good for evil is that it preserves the man from evil. If evil assails you and you onlyfight it with good, it cannot hurt you, you are invulnerable. If any man curses you and you answer him with a blessing, itis clear that the curse has not hurt you. It has not made you full of curses, or else one would come out of you. If a manhas slandered you, but you never return him a reproachful word, he has not hurt your real character-the dirt which he hasthrown has missed you-for you have none to throw back upon him. If, when much provoked, your temper still remains calm andquiet, the provocation has not touched you, the arrow has passed harmlessly by. The very thing your enemy wants is to makeyou descend to his level of anger and malice, but, as long as having much provocation you remain unprovoked, you vanquishhim.

Believe me, you are provoking your adversary terribly if you are quite calm, yourself! You are disappointing him, he cannotinsert his poisoned darts, for you are clad in armor of proof. He tries to injure you, but he cannot. He fails to make yousin and so he misses his mark. Do you not see what a wonderful armor it is? If God preserve you, so that you have nothingbut good wishes and goodwill towards the man who hates you and seeks your ruin, then you are a conqueror, indeed! While thisconduct protects you, it is the very best weapon of offense against the opposer. William Ladd had a farm in one of the statesof America and his neighbor, Pulsifer, was a great trouble to him, for he kept a breed of gaunt, long-legged sheep, as activeas spaniels, which would spring over almost any sort of fence.

These sheep were very fond of a fine field of grain belonging to Mr. Ladd and were in it continually. Complaints were of nouse, for Pulsifer evidently cared nothing for his neighbor's losses. One morning Ladd said to his men, "Set the dogs on thosesheep and if that won't keep them out, shoot them." After he had said that, he thought to himself, "This will not do. I hadbetter try the peace principle." So he sent for his men, countermanded the order, and rode over to see his neighbor aboutthose troublesome sheep.

"Good morning," he said, but he received no answer. So he tried again, and got nothing but a sort of grunt. "Neighbor," hesaid, "I have come to see you about those sheep." "Yes," Pulsifer replied, "I know. You are a pretty neighbor to tell yourmen to kill my sheep! You, a rich man, too, and going to shoot a poor man's sheep!" Then followed some very strong language,but Ladd replied, "I was wrong, Neighbor, and I am sorry for it. Think no more about it. But, Neighbor, we may as well agree.It seems I have got to keep your sheep and it won't do to let them eat all that grain, so I came over to say that I will takethem into my homestead pasture and I will keep them all season. And if any is missing you shall have the pick of mine."

Pulsifer looked ashamed and then stammered out, "Now, Squire, are you in earnest?" When he found that Ladd really meant tostand to the offer, Pulsifer stood still a moment and then said, "The sheep shan't trouble you anymore. When you talk aboutshooting I can shoot as well as you. And when you speak in that kind and neighborly way, I can be kind too." The sheep nevertrespassed into Ladd's lot again. That is the way to kill a bad spirit! That is overcoming evil with good! If one had begunshooting and the other had followed suit, they certainly would have been both losers, and both been overcome. But when theoffended one made kindness his only return, the battle was over!

I remember, years ago-though I only quote it, not for my own praise, but as an illustration-a certain person, a very goodman, too, did not admire a course of action that I felt bound to take. He was very angry and called upon me to express hisobjections. At last he said, "If you do that I shall expose you in a pamphlet." I was in a gracious mood at that time andwas not to be ruffled in temper, nor yet turned from my course. I said to him quietly, "What do you think the pamphlet wouldcost?" "Oh," he said, "I don't know, but whatever it costs I shall do it." I answered, "Well, if you feel you ought to doit, I should be sorry to see you go into debt and, therefore, I will pay the printer's bill. I will trust you to give a truthfulaccount of the matter and I am not at all ashamed to have my course of action made as public as possible. Indeed, I had ratherit should be."

He said he should not like to take any money from me. "Well," I replied, "perhaps you think that there might be some profitsupon the sale. You shall be quite welcome to them. Your own friends can print for you. I will find the money and you shallhave the profit." I never heard anymore of that pamphlet-and he is an exceedingly good friend of mine at the present moment-andwill, I hope, always remain so. To remain quiet is generally the way to baffle an adversary. Indeed, there is no weapon withwhich he can wound you. If you will not yield so as to give railing for railing, what is to be done with you?

It is much the same as when a certain duke proclaimed war against a peaceful neighbor who was resolved not to fight. The troopscame riding to the town and found the gates open as on ordinary occasions. The children were playing in the streets and theblacksmith was at his forge. The shopkeepers were at their counters and so, pulling up their horses, the soldiers enquired,"Where is the enemy?" "We don't know. We are friends." What was to be done under the circumstances but to ride home? So itis in life-if you only meet evil with good, the bad man's occupation is gone! It has sometimes happened that evil men havebeen converted into good men and conquered, thus, in the very best possible way by seeing the patient Christian, by the Graceof God, return good for evil.

Some years ago a wicked, reprobate sailor was engaged in tarring a vessel. And while he was at his work there came along anold man well known in the district as a Christian. One of the sailor's mates standing by, said to him, "Jack, you cannot provokethat man! He is such a gentle-spirited man you cannot put him out of temper." Jack was quite sure he could and it became thesubject of a wager. The wicked fellow took his bucket of tar with which he was tarring the keel, and dared to throw it rightover the good old man. It was a most shameful assault and the fellow deserved the utmost penalty of the law. The old man turnedround and calmly said to him, "The Lord Jesus Christ has said that he who offends one of His little ones will find that itwere better for him that a millstone had been tied about his neck, and that he were cast into the sea. Now, if I am one ofChrist's little ones, it will be very bad for you."

Jack slunk back, dreadfully ashamed of himself. What was more, the old man's quiet face haunted him. Night after night hewoke up and in his dreams he saw that old man. And those tremendous words, "that it were better for him that a millstone wereabout his neck," broke him down before the Mercy Seat of God. He asked and found pardon. He sought out the old man, confessedhis fault, and received forgiveness. Who would not have a bucketful of tar thrown over him if it would save a soul?

Now, suppose the old man had turned round on him and uttered some fiery language, or struck at him-who could have blamed him?But then there would have been no triumph of Grace in the Christian and no conversion in the sinner! God has often made useof a gentle, meek, quiet, forbearing spirit to be the power with which He subdues the lion-like rebel and turns the courseof ill-disposed and ungodly men. He makes them see how awful goodness is, how strong is gentleness, how Omnipotent is love!Returning good for evil, again, reflects great honor upon Christ. I do not know of anything which makes the blind world seeso much of the Glory of Christ as this.

When one of the martyrs was being tortured and tormented in a horrible way, the tyrant who had caused his sufferings saidto him, "And what has your Christ ever done for you that you should bear this?" He replied, "He has done this for me, thatin the midst of all my pain, I do nothing else but pray for you." Ah, Lord Jesus, You have taught us how to conquer, for Youhave conquered! There are many mighty names on the battle roll of earth, but Your name is not there-there is another conflict,sterner and nobler, and You stand at the head of the heroes who are engaged in it! Read the name, my Brothers and Sisters,it is written in His own blood, "Jesus of Nazareth, the Crucified, the chief of those who overcome evil with good."

Who among you will say, "Write down my name, Sir, beneath my Lord the Lamb, for in that battle I would have a share, and onthose lines I would fight the foe"? Remember you must do it or you cannot be like He, and if you are not like He, you havenot His Spirit, and, "if any man has not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His." I will not explain how this principle canbe carried into other things, for there is no time, but I will close by noticing that everything that is admirable may besaid of this method of overcoming evil with good. It is so noble. It is so becoming one whom God has lifted up to be His child,that I commend it to every person of sanctified feeling. A Christian man is the noblest work of God and one of the noblestfeatures of a Christian is his readiness to forgive and the cheerfulness with which he seeks to recompense good for evil.

The Emperor Adrian, before he reached the throne, had been grievously insulted. When he had attained the imperial purple hemet the man who had insulted him. The guilty person was, of course, dreadfully afraid of his mighty foe. He knew that it onlyneeded a wish from the Emperor and his life would be taken away. Adrian cried out, "Approach. You have nothing to fear. Iam an Emperor!" Did this heathen feel that his dignity lifted him above the meanness of revenge? Then, my Brothers and Sisters,let those whom Christ has made kings unto God scorn to render evil for evil! Let us say, "I am a Christian, and my resentmentsare over. What can I do to serve you? I could have fought you to the death before, but now I am dead, myself, and born-again!And having commenced a new life, behold, Christ has made all things new.

My animosities are buried in His tomb! My revenges are lost in the abyss into which He has cast my sins! And now, as a newman in Christ Jesus, my life shall be love, for He has said, 'Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to themthat hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you and persecute you, that you may be the children of your Fatherwhich is in Heaven: for He makes His sun to rise upon the evil and on the good.'"

Good for evil is nobly congruous with the spirit of the Gospel. Were we not saved because the Lord rendered to us good forevil? The spirit of the Law is, "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth," but the spirit of the Gospel is, "freely I forgiveyou: your many iniquities and vast transgressions are all blotted out for Christ's name's sake, therefore be pitiful towardsothers." Forgiveness is one fruit of the Gospel and doing good in return for evil is another. Should not the spirit of everyChristian be one of unconquerable love? For by unconquerable love he is saved!

And, Beloved, this spirit of forgiveness is the Spirit of God, and he that has it becomes like God. If you would rise to thehighest style of being, rise to the condition of a being who can be injured and yet forgive! To be just is something. Scarcelyfor a righteous man would one die. But to be merciful and kind is much more, since for a good man some would even dare todie-such is the enthusiasm which a loving spirit will kindle! Rise above mere righteousness into the Divine atmosphere oflove!

And whether men love you or not is a small matter. Whether you conquer them or not is also a little matter. But that you shouldconquer evil, that you should be victorious over sin, that you should receive from your Lord, at the last, the "Well done,good and faithful servant," and that you should be like God in your nature-this is of the utmost importance to you, for thisis Heaven! Heaven is to have self dethroned. Heaven is to be purged of all anger-to be delivered from all pride. Heaven is,in fact, to be God-like! May we be made so through Jesus Christ our Savior, by the work of His Holy Spirit. Amen.