Sermon 1272. A God Ready to Pardon

(No. 1272)

Delivered on Lord's-Day Morning, January 9th, 1876, by


At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington.

"Thou art a God ready to pardon." Nehemiah 9:17

WHEN A MAN'S CONSCIENCE is so awakened to the existence of sin that he cannot perceive any plea for mercy within himself,it is his wisdom to look for a plea in the nature and character of God. Now, brethren, if we search ourselves through andthrough, we cannot find anything in our fallen nature which can recommend us to the Most High. If we think that we have aclaim upon God's goodness, we are in darkness, and deceive ourselves. When the true light comes, it reveals our bareness ofall merit or excuse, and shows that there is nothing in human nature but that which provokes the Lord. This is the fact asto our condition while we are unregenerate, and oftentimes the true believer, when darkness gathers around him, finds himselfto be in much the same condition. His evidences burn dimly, the candle of the Lord seems quenched within his spirit, and,worst of all, the sun of divine favor is not discernible; then groping all around he can discover nothing in himself but thatwhich causes him to sigh and groan, being burdened. In such a plight he should cast overboard the great anchor of faith, andescape from himself to his God. It were well for him always to do so, but especially in the cloudy and dark day. To whom shouldhe turn for light but to the Sun of Righteousness? Where look for grace but to the God of all grace? Where for all but tothe All in all? If what I am makes me despair, let me consider what God in Christ is and I shall have hope.

That God is merciful becomes to sinners the first point upon which they can fix their hope: that the mercy of God endurethfor ever affords to the saints a most blessed stronghold when inward sin assails the soul. But whence do we learn this supremelyconsoling truth? How do we know that God is merciful? I scarcely think we should have inferred from his works the readinessof God to show mercy. I have heard a great deal about the attributes of God in nature: I have, indeed, heard a great dealmore than I have ever been able to see. To "go from nature up to nature's God" is a very common expression, but it is a verylong step, mark you, from the highest Alp of nature to the footstool of the throne of God. It will be found much easier togo down from God to nature when you once know the Lord than ever it can be to ascend from the works to the Maker. It is morethan questionable whether the best instructed mind could have discovered much of God's moral nature from the universe around—his goodness to obedient creatures we might have gathered, but his mercy to the guilty is there but dimly revealed. Look atthis visible universe and you perceive that it is governed by certain fixed laws. If a man offends against these laws, dothe laws bend, and make allowance for his mistake? Not so, they operate immutably, and every violation of them is avenged.The captain makes a mistake of a few points in his steering— there is a current which he has not perceived, or perhaps hiscompass itself is out of gear; anyhow, he is, without any fault on his part, drifted upon a rock. Does the rock move, or isit softened? or when the ship strikes is there some miracle by which the timbers are held together? Does some angelic handundergird the ship and preserve the precious lives? No, amidst the howling of the pitiless storm the vessel breaks up, andthose who struggle best are unable to survive the fury of the sea. Is there any sign of mercy here? Or take another case:the simple countryman, in his ignorance of the laws of electricity, is overtaken by a pelting storm, and to escape from thedrenching rain he runs beneath some lofty tree to screen himself beneath its spreading branches. It is a law of nature thatelevated points should attract the lightning: the man does not know this, he does not intend to defy his Maker's natural law,but for all that, when the death-dealing fluid splits the tree it leaves a senseless corpse at the foot thereof. The law doesnot suspend its operations though that man may be the husband upon whose life the bread of many children may depend, thoughhe may have been one of the most guileless and prayerful of mankind, though he may have been utterly unconscious of havingexposed himself to the force of a physical law of God, yet still he dies, for he has placed himself in the way of a settledlaw of nature, and it takes its course. There is scant trace of mercy here. Or it may be that a physician in the pursuit ofdiscoveries which shall alleviate pain, with no ambition except to serve his fellow creatures, no mercenary motive swayinghim, endeavors to penetrate into the secrets of nature, and imbibes or inhales a certain noxious drug or pernicious vapor.Will the noxious drug or destructive gas stay its deadly office because of the generosity of the motive of the man who exposeshimself to its influence? Ah, not so, the precious life is sacrificed, and we hear the sad news that a great physician isno more; nature having stood fast and firm, and no mercy having been shown to the breaker of her laws. Now, seeing that theselaws move on immutably like the great wheels of a mighty machine, and he that is entangled in those wheels is ground to powder,it does seem as if we had slight evidence of the mercy of God if we look to nature alone: certainly not enough to calm theconscience or allay the fears of the guilty. We admit that there are some tokens for good to the offender, even in nature,for does not the Lord teach man to set up his beacons upon the headland and anchor his light-ships near the sands, and hashe not led us up to the formation of life-boats whereby multitudes of lives have been saved? In the case of death by lightningthere is reason to believe that the death is more certainly painless than any other; and, again, loftiness need not remaina danger, for the lightning conductor has warded off the bolt of heaven from multitudes of elevated buildings. In the caseof most poisons there are antidotes which save life if they are taken speedily enough, and even the poisons themselves, incertain compounds, turn out to be healing medicines. So there are traces of the pardon of offenses in the mitigating or theremoving of penalties even under the iron rule of natural law. Never is a law changed, mark you, in nature, except in thefew instances of miraculous interpositions; and in the moral universe never is a law changed at all, for heaven and earthshall pass away but not one jot or one tittle of the law shall fail. Still there are laws which counteract full frequentlythe roughness and the crushing power of other laws; and these, like their counterparts in the moral universe, prove that Godis merciful. But, all this being allowed, the light which nature affords us is, upon this subject, rather conjecture thanassurance. My brethren, let us thank God we are not left to mere guesses upon this point, we are not left to the sun and tothe moon to give us light upon this matter; we have a more sure word of testimony whereunto ye do well if ye take heed asunto a light that shineth in a dark place. We have this book of Holy Scripture written by the pen of the Holy Spirit, whichtells us over and over again that the God whom we have offended is a God ready to pardon, a God whose mercy endureth for ever.

I would call your attention to the expression, "a God ready to pardon," not a God who may possibly pardon; neither a God who upon strong persuasion and earnest pleadings may, at length be inducedto forgive; not one who, perchance, at some remote period after we have undergone a long purgation may manifest a mercy whichis now in the background, but a God "ready to pardon,"— willing and more than willing— ready, standing prepared, or to useanother Scriptural expression, "waiting to be gracious." We have a God who stands like a host at a festival, which is allprovided and prepared, saying, "My oxen and my fatlings are provided, all things are ready, come ye to the suppers." Not onlyare all things ready but God himself is ready, his own heart and hand all ready to bestow pardon upon the guilty ones whocome before him. There is forgiveness with him that he may he feared.

This blessed truth, in the first place, was remarkably seen in the story of Israel, on that we will dwell; and secondly, it is equally true of the Lord at all times. May the Holy Spirit in mercy lead us to feel the power of mercy while we speak thereon.

I. First, then, I shall ask your attention to THE HISTORY OF ISRAEL AS SINGULARLY ILLUSTRATING THE READINESS OF GOD TO PARDON.Brethren, the Israelites seem to have been set forward as a picture of all God's people. As the foot of the altar was madeof the looking glasses of the women, the polished brass of the mirrors being melted down, so it seems to me as if Israel wasintended to be a looking-glass in which every one of us might look and see his own image. Full sure I am that when I speakof Israel you will perceive that the record speaks of you, and draws your portraits to the life.

They were, in the first place, a people very specially favored, but they were a people as specially ungrateful. To what other nation did God give the oracles of his truth? What other tribes did he separate unto himself to be a peoplein whose midst he would show forth his glory? What other nation did he bring forth out of the house of bondage with a highhand and a stretched out arm? For what other people did he pour out of heaven the dread artillery of all his plagues, smitingtheir foes with judgments most terrible? For what other race did he divide the sea that he might lead them through the deepas through a wilderness? What other armies of men had food to eat which dropped from heaven? What other hosts were led andguided for forty years, and supplied without their own labor, without sowing or planting, or reaping, or gathering into barns?Surely the Lord himself was with them, and they were favored above all the rest of mankind. Who is like unto thee, O Israel,a people chosen of the Lord! But they were just as specially sinful. It scarcely seems to us as if any other nation ever existedwho provoked the Lord so much, for they transgressed against light and love, against instruction and illumination, againstwooing and warning, against entreaty and rebuke. They rebelled though they knew that they were highly favored, and were consciousthat they were a distinguished and elect people. Their iniquities were committed against a God whose hand they had seen, andwhose voice they had heard, as he spoke to them from the top of Sinai. They lived amid a blaze of miracles, and walked a pathwayof marvels. God was in the camp, his glory shone forth between the cherubim and under the symbol of the fiery cloudy pillarhis presence was revealed to them all. God was round about them for a wall of fire, and as the glory in their midst: and yetwith the Lord before their eyes they refused to see him, and with all his wonders before them they refused to believe. Youknow, dear friends, that we are always particularly wounded by the unkindness of any to whom we have been specially attentiveand generous. We complain, "It was not an enemy for then I could have borne it, but it was thou, a man, mine acquaintance,my friend." Hard is it to be injured by a child for whom you have endured much self-denial, and to whom you have renderedtenderest love. "Sharper than an adder's tooth is an unthankful child." After this fashion Israel offended, and, speakingafter the manner of men, the Lord felt it keenly, he was grieved at his heart, because his great goodness to them had beenso basely misused. He cries, "O that they had hearkened unto me," and in another place, "Hear, O heavens, and give ear O earth,I have nourished and brought up children and they have rebelled against me." Such is the language which Scripture puts intothe mouth of the Lord, and yet he forgave his provoking people times without number— was he not indeed ready to pardon?

Again, the Israelites were absolutely dependent upon God for everything, and yet they were proud. Read in the sixteenth verse, "They and our fathers dealt proudly." If any people in the world ought to have been humble,surely the Israelites were they. They had been slaves in Egypt, and lien among the pots in degraded bondage— brickmakers allof them. Their backs were raw with the lash of the slavedriver, and they cried out under the sore oppression. The Lord chosethem in the ignorance and debasement which always come with slavery. When he brought them out they had no treasures but suchas they had demanded of their former masters. Their stock of food was very slender, and they had to traverse the arid wilderness.Tied up in bundles on their shoulders, they carried a little food, but that was soon spent, and every day they had to receivebread fresh from God's own ovens, while as for water they would have perished had it not been for the rock whose streams followedthem all their way. They were not a people addicted to commerce, they had no opportunities for hunting, there were no meansfor husbandry; and therefore, if day by day the manna had not fallen, they must have utterly starved. Yet though they werepensioners upon the daily charity of God, and were both fed and clothed by his bounty, still they were proud. I know someothers who are much in the same condition, and perhaps they are proud too. Paupers and yet proud! Living on alms and yet boastful!Ah, brethren, but this in Israel was very provoking to God, even as it is in us. Those vagrant mendicants thought themselvessomewhat, so that when they were a little tried they began to murmur against Moses, and to accuse their God of bringing themout into the desert to die. They hectored it very loudly, and with a high stomach, and thought themselves hardly put upon,and would not do this, and would do that, as though they were some great ones, while all the while they were no better thanso many birds of the air, which have to gather what God's generous hand is pleased to scatter for their daily food. Was henot a God ready to pardon, to have mercy upon a proud people? Is it not always very hard to forgive a haughty spirited offender?If the offender will humble himself before you there is less difficulty; but if, being absolutely dependent upon you for everything,the offender nevertheless insults you with high words, it becomes very hard to keep your temper with him. Pride is irritating,yea abominable. O Lord, when thou didst forgive the haughtiness of thine erring people, thou wast indeed ready to pardon.

These people, again, deliberately rebelled, for the sixteenth and seventeenth verses tell us they "hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments, and refusedto obey." It was not that they made mistakes, it was not that they fell into errors or were misled; but they did not wantto go right, and refused to know what God's will and mind were. They stopped their ears, and closed their eyes. When theyasked that the words which the Lord spake from Sinai might not be spoken to them any more, it was but natural that they shoulddread the terror of the trumpet sound; but deep down in their hearts there was also a distaste for a law so pure, so holy.Their hearts were set on mischief, and they were not to be led in the way of obedience. They had a ready ear for Korah, Dathan,and Abiram, who preached sedition, they were ready to be led into idolatrous ceremonies and lustful acts by Moabitish women;but before the Lord they were as bullocks unaccustomed to the yoke. Anybody and everybody they would hearken to except theirGod, but to him they had such small regard that they cast his ordinances and precepts behind their backs, and sinned againand again with resolute deliberation. They often went astray though often reproved. It was not mere error and mistake, butthe set and current of their heart was towards evil. Deliberation adds greatly to the heinousness of sin, and it is a sadthing when we have to charge ourselves with this. The repetition of the same offense also shows a state of heart very nearakin to determination, for it has all the appearance of a deliberate refusal to watch against temptation, and of a fixed resolveto treat the voice of God with indifference. Alas, that we should be so readily decoyed by the baits of evil, and so feeblyheld by the cords of goodness. Lord, when we provoke thee in this way be pleased to show thyself a God ready to pardon.

More than this, we are told that the Israelites were unmindful of what the Lord had done for them: "Neither were mindful of thy wonders that thou didst among them." They were by this unmindfulness led into the great crimeof unbelief. You think, my brethren, that if you had seen the Red Sea divided and Israel's hosts led through, while Pharaoh'sarmy was drowned, you would have trusted God all your life. "Oh," say you, "if I had been present, and really gathered themanna and eaten it, I could not, I am sure, with such a demonstration before my eyes, have ever fallen into unbelief again."Well, I leave that question whether you would or not; having a very shrewd suspicion that your heart is by no means betterthan that of the ancient unbelievers. At any rate Israel soon fell back into her chronic unbelief. Within a few days afterthey had seen the whole host of Pharaoh destroyed, they began to murmur against God and against Moses; and though every daythey ate the manna, and drank the miraculously given water, yet continually they asked, "Is the Lord among us or not?" andthey were perpetually putting questions such as made Moses demand of them, "Is the Lord's hand waxed short?" They were cankeredto the heart with unbelief. For a moment they had a sort of faith, but in another moment they relapsed into infidelity.

"Now they believe his Word, While rocks with rivers flow; Now with their lusts provoke the Lord, And he reduced them low."

The slightest peril, the slightest trouble to themselves, they began to think that now they were come to a difficulty outof which the Lord could not deliver them, and they cried, "Surely, he means to destroy us. He will never bring us into thepromised land." Do you know any other people like this? I need to put out my hand to touch one of the same order. At any rate,since the Lord forgave his people Israel, though they angered him with their ungenerous mistrust, we see most clearly thathe is "a God ready to pardon."

Further on we read that these people committed in spirit an act of utter apostasy. They made unto themselves a captain to return to their bondage. They said they would go back to Egypt, since there was nohope of their ever conquering Canaan, for the Canaanites were too strong for them. What, back to slavery! Back to making brickswithout straw! Leaving God and his tabernacle, and the glory of his presence. What think ye would they go back for? What wasthe attractive bait which lured them? They would return to their taskmasters for the sake of the leeks and the garlic, andthe onions, the flavour of which was still in their mouths. Their soul lusted after the fleshpots of Egypt, and they would,to sit down by those savoury cauldrons, go back to the ignoble condition of slavery again, and leave the Lord and all hisguardian care, and forego the goodly land, which was but a little way beyond. O foolish people! Ah, brethren, this is madness,but; alas is there not in us, even in us, an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God, and have there not beentimes when we also have been tempted to return to the beggarly elements of the world, and seek content in the grovelling joysof earth?

Perhaps it was worst of all that the Israelites did actually fall into shameful idolatry. They set up the figure of a calf to represent God; they compared their glory unto the image of an ox that eateth grass, andthey said, "These be thy gods, O Israel, that brought thee out of the land of Egypt." God was incensed at this, as well hemight be, nevertheless at the entreaty of Moses he did not utterly destroy them. Oh, brethren, it is a shameful thing whenwe love the creature more than the Creator, and dare to set up anything which is dear to us in Jehovah's place. "Little childrenkeep yourselves from idols," but if you have had idols, and have been forgiven, then you can see in this history, and in yourown experience, that the Lord is ready to pardon.

For a minute I desire to show you the opposite side, namely, the divine goodness. While God forgave this people he showedhis readiness to pardon in the following ways. First, he continued while they were in all these sins to guide them both by night and by day. The nineteenth verse says, "Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the clouddeparted not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to show them light, and the waywherein they should go." Only think of it, that very day they made a calf, when the sun went down the fiery pillar still litup the camp. At that very hour in which they said "We will make to ourselves a captain, and go back to Egypt," the cloud wascovering the camp, and screening them from the burning heat of the sun. They sinned beneath the shade of special mercy. Oh,if the Lord had said, "Now I will leave you, I will give you no more guidance. Since you will not follow my commandments,go which way you will," should you have wondered? If he had left them to faint in the heat of the day and grope in the darknessof the night would you have been surprised? Ah, but let us wonder to think that the Lord has guided us as pilgrims throughthis desert land: he has still been both sun and shade to us, even to this day, notwithstanding all our sin. Had he desertedus what countless evils had befallen us. Blessed be the mercy which faileth not.

Another marvelously gracious fact was that he continued still to teach them. I am more surprised at this than at the other. Read the twentieth verse— "Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them."I should have thought he would have said, "Moses, take down the tabernacle, roll up the curtains, put away the ark, no moremorning sacrifices, no more evening lambs. Aaron, go home, take off your breastplate, and your ephod, and all your garments,which were made for glory and for beauty. This people shall be taught no longer, they are incorrigible. It is in vain thatI dwell among them and walk among them." No, but still he made known his ways among them, and maintained the testimony ofhis servant Moses, and gave them still those matchless types which set forth so fully the way of salvation. My brethren, blessye also the Lord that though he has often smitten you, and given you the bread of affliction and the water of affliction,yet he has not taken away your teachers from you, nor quenched the light of Israel. Still doth his good spirit enlighten andinstruct the people. Is he not a God ready to pardon?

Nehemiah also notices that God did not stint them in their daily provisions, notwithstanding their offenses. "Yea," says he, "thou withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water fortheir thirst." I am struck with wonder to think that God should have caused his manna still to fall. They provoked Moses andthey set up Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, but that very morning God's bread was in their mouths. They came up to speak againstGod and against his servant, but their tongues would have been cleaving to the roof of their mouths for thirst if that verymorning they had not drunk of the water which God had given them. When dependent persons will persist in disregarding ourremonstrances and violating our rules, we are driven to stop the supplies. But the Lord did not stop the supplies even inthis urgent case. Would not famine and drought have brought them to their senses? If there had been no food for the womenand children, and no drink for the strong men, would not that have tamed them? Even lions and savage beasts may be thus subdued.But no, their bread was given them, and their water was sure. Was he not a God ready to pardon?

One other remark here, and it is this,— he did sustain them to the end and ultimately bring them into the land of promise. "Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness, so that they lacked nothing: their clothes waxed not old, andtheir feet swelled not. Their children also multipliedest thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest them into the land,concerning which thou hadst promised to their fathers that they should go in to possess it." Yes, and I know a people who,despite their sins, have already taken possession of many a gracious promise, so that they already dwell in the midst of covenantblessings. I know a people too who, notwithstanding their sins, shall enter into rest. "He shall surely bring them in," forhe will bring his chosen into his glory, and they shall see his face with joy. Is he not a God ready to pardon?

My tale is all too long for me to tell it. I must cease from this portion of the history and ask you to meditate upon it,and as you do so to admire our pardoning God.

II. Secondly, IT IS EQUALLY TRUE THAT THE LORD AT ALL TIMES IS A GOD READY TO PARDON. It is true of him by nature, for mercy is an essential attribute of God. We must never think that our Lord Jesus died to make God merciful; on the contrary,the death of the Lord Jesus is the result of the mercy of God. When man sinned God was willing enough to pardon him, for thedeath of a sinner is no pleasure to him. Judgment is his strange work. The way in which the Lord came to Adam at the firstshowed his mercy. He came, if you remember, in the cool of the day,— not at the instant the crime was committed. God is notin a hurry to accuse man, or to execute vengeance upon him; he therefore waited until the cool of the day. He did not addressrebellious man in the language of indignation, but he kindly said, "Adam, where art thou?" And when he had questioned theguilty pair, and convicted them, and the sentence was passed, it was terrible certainly, but oh how mildly tempered; the cursewas as much as possible made to fall obliquely: "cursed is the ground for thy sake." Though the woman was made to feel greatsorrows, yet those were connected with a happy event which causes the travail to be forgotten. There was tenderness in thedread utterances of an offended God, and mainly so because almost as soon as he declared that man must labor and die he promisedthat the "seed of the woman should bruise the serpent's head." Assuredly the Lord our God is by nature very pitiful and fullof compassion.

This truth is evident when we remember that God was abundantly ready to pardon, for he himself removed the impediment which lay in the way of forgiveness. Being judge of all the earth it was essential to him in that office that sin should never be treated as a light thing, butshould be duly punished, lest others rush into it, hoping to escape judgment. For the good of all his creatures, as well asfor the glory of his own character, God must not allow sin to go unpunished. The judge may be willing enough to pardon theculprit, but he is a judge, and as such he must condemn the guilty. The readiness of God to pardon was seen in this that athis own cost he provided a way by which his mercy might be consistent with justice. From his own bosom he took his only begottenSon, his own self, for he was one with him and God, in the person of his Son, suffered that which has honored justice, vindicatedthe law, and enabled God to be just and yet the justifier of the ungodly. Oh, as I see the adorable Father giving up his Well-beloved,to bleed and die for men, I know beyond all question that he is a God ready to pardon.

And now, the atonement being made, and justice being unable any longer to offer any protest to boundless mercy, God stands ready to pardon. By the blood of his dear Son he is able to blot out offenses, through the sweet savor of the sacrifice of Jesus he smileson guilty men. He delights now to blot into oblivion the transgressions of all them that seek his face.

The Lord's readiness to pardon is very conspicuous to sinners, because he sends his message of love to them while they areyet in their sins. He presents perfect pardon through Jesus Christ to them, even while they are sinners, for "Christ diedfor the ungodly." I love to think that the gospel does not address itself to those who might be supposed to have helped themselvesa little out of the mire, to those who show signs of lingering goodness, but it comes to men ruined in Adam and doubly lostby their own sin, it comes to them in the abyss where sin has hurled them and lifts them up from the gates of hell. "JesusChrist came into the world to save sinners." "The Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost." Jesus Christ'ssalvation is like the good Samaritan, it comes where the wounded man is, and pours in its oil and wine into his bleeding wounds.

The readiness of God to pardon is to be seen in the fact that he makes no hard conditions with sinners. He does not say, "Iwill pardon if you suffer this or endure that penance; I will pardon if you perform this act of heroism or that deed of consecration."No, he himself says, "Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved." Receive what is freely given— that is thegospel precept, and nothing else. Only confess thy transgressions, or, in other words, own thine emptiness, and then trustthy Savior, and thou art saved.

That he is ready to forgive appears in this yet more glorious fact, that what God demands of man by the gospel he also worksin him by his spirit; as for confession of sin he puts the words into the sinner's mouth, repentance he works in the sinner'sheart, and saving faith his own Spirit creates in the sinner's soul. Is he not ready to forgive when even what might be calledthe condition of pardon in one light is under another aspect a gift of free grace?

See ye not his readiness to forgive, when he accepts even the very lowest grade of the necessary graces? Of repentance, solong as it be sincere, he doth accept a tear or a sigh; of faith, though it be but as a grain of mustard seed, he doth acceptit if it be but true. And notwithstanding all the faults that are in the sinner, though his heart be neither as tender asit ought to be, nor his knowledge so clear, nor his eye of faith so bright, nor his conversion so complete as it should be,yet God looketh not at any of these faultinesses except to forgive them. The ignorance and shortcoming God winketh at, andhe only looks at what he can see of Christ in the sinner. The sinner's plea on his lip is, "for Jesus' sake," the sinner'shope in his heart is "for Christ's sake,"— and it is this that the Father looks at; when he sees that the poor trembling soulhas embraced Jesus, his own dear Son, the Father puts the sin away at once without a word, and says, "Be of good cheer, thysins are forgiven thee, go in peace." Oh, he is indeed a God ready to pardon.

Dear child of God, this text has a bearing upon you, and you can see it in your own self. Observe how the Lord chastens you."Why is that?" say you. Why, because you have been offending him. You are his child, and he is your Father, and he desiresto forgive you, but there is a hindrance. Have you never felt a difficulty about expressing forgiveness to your own childwhen he has done wrong again and again? There is no difficulty in your heart, for you love him well, but still you do notwish him to think lightly of the fault, and you are afraid that if you at once tell him that you forgive him he may, perhaps,think that he may transgress with impunity. Therefore you chasten him, so that after the chastening has been endured it maybe safe for you to pardon— I mean safe as far as he is concerned. He will not be tempted to go into the sin through the readinesswith which you forgive him, for he will remember the smarts which your love inflicted. Look upon your chastening as a proofthat God is ready to forgive because he executes in wisdom that discipline which is necessary for a safe forgiveness.

Think, too, how lightly he chastens.

"He will not always chide, And when his strokes are felt, His strokes are fever than our crimes, And lighter than our guilt."

That rod of his, ah, he never loves it. He doth not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men. But when he does useit, how quickly he puts it up again. Brethren, note how ready the Lord is to pardon us, for when we have sadly fallen he graciouslysets us on our feet again. "He restoreth my soul." If you have wandered, like Noah's dove flying over the waste of waters,the Lord will receive you, even as Noah received the weary bird. He put out his hand at once and plucked her in unto him,into the ark, and even thus does the good Spirit pluck us in to himself. He fills our empty spirits again, revives our dyinghope, relights the candles of our joy, and makes us once again what we had been, and perhaps more. And then he comes and restoresto us his own presence, oh so soon. He says, "For a small moment have I forsaken thee, but in great mercy will I gather thee.In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment, but with everlasting mercy will I have pity upon thee." Very loathis he to hide his face, but very swift is he to come on wings of mercy to restore joy to his mourners. Is he not ready topardon?

I have almost done when I have answered a question on the behalf of the unconverted, and the same on behalf of the childrenof God. A poor seeker says to me, "You tell us God is ready to pardon, why is it, then, that I have prayed so long for mercyand have not found it?" That was a question I asked once when my prayers went up to heaven, and seemed to smite upon a domeof brass, and were reverberated in my ears. Listen! Dost thou know to what God has promised to give pardon? To prayer! I thinkif thou wilt read aright he promised pardon to confession, to repentance, and to faith. Hast thou acknowledged thine iniquity?Wilt thou renounce thy sin? Hast thou believed on the Lord Jesus Christ? Come, wilt thou now trust Jesus Christ? Man, thoushalt have pardon now. But if thy prayers are unbelieving prayers thou art going the wrong way to work. Thou mayest as wellhope to win heaven by thy works as by thy prayers, for indeed thy prayers are but a kind of work— salvation is by believing,not by praying. If faith be mixed with thy prayer, then wilt thou succeed. Believing is essential, and if thou believest thoushalt have mercy, now at once. "Still," says another, "I have believed in Jesus Christ, and I hope I am saved from guilt,but how is it if God is ready to pardon that I am still suffering from the result of sin." This, my friend, you must bearso long as God wills it. God does not make a man healthy if he has brought his body to sickness by sin, neither does he filla man's pocket if he has spent his money in profligacy. This, my brother, is left to be a thorn in thy side; not as a tokenof anger, but because thou art not to be trusted with health or wealth, and God will not lead thee into temptation again.Accept this from the Lord's hand as a gentle chastening. Remember, if he save thy soul it little matters about the rest, forit will be better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed than to have all thy limbs, and all the world, and lose thy soul.Accept sickness, or whatever else comes, as the result of sin, and do not think it by any means proves that God has not pardonedthee— on the contrary it may be that he loves thee enough to chasten thee.

A child of God now says to me, "If God is so ready to pardon, how is it I am still a sufferer, I am still poor, and so on?"Ah, my dear friend, perhaps that is not a rod at all, for remember "every branch that beareth fruit he purgeth it." Not becauseit did not bear, but to make it bring forth more fruit. You are God's child, and you have a cross to carry. Do not look atit as a token of anger. Was God angry with Simon, the Cyrenean, who carried Christ's cross after him? No, he was conferringan honor upon him.

"Shall Simon bear the cross alone, And all the rest go free? No, there's a cross for every one, And there's a cross for me."

Take it up, for "through much tribulation" we shall "inherit the kingdom." Look at addiction in this light, and you will seethat there is nothing of anger in it.

"But," says one child of God, "I am under a cloud. I cannot see the face of God. Why does he hide himself from me?" Not becausehe is unready to pardon, but, perhaps, because you are not ready to forsake the sin which he is aiming at. Perhaps you havenot searched your heart yet. There is still hidden under the camel's furniture some idol or other. Make Rachel get up, anddo you search even in the secret places. Cry, "Wherefore dost thou contend with me?" for, if like David and Job you have tosay that you are chastened every morning and plagued every evening, there is a reason for it. If you have walked contraryto God he is walking contrary to you. Take your Achan and stone him, and then the Lord will come into the camp again. Teardown the idol and you shall have Jehovah's presence once more! But mark the word— whatever your experience may be, this istrue— he delighteth in mercy, and he is a God ready to pardon. May the Holy Spirit bless this truth to your souls, for Jesus'sake. Amen.


HYMNS FROM "OUR OWN HYMN BOOK"— 907, 106 (Part II.), 101.