Sermon 1142. Free Pardon

(No. 1142)

DELIVERED BY

C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.

"I, even I, am He that blots outyour transgressions for My own sake, and will not remember your sins." Isaiah 43:25.

THIS extraordinary passage is rendered the more remarkable from its connection, for it follows a description of the sins ofGod's people, a description which mentions their sins of omission in that they had neglected the service of the Most High-andtheir sins of commission in that they had gone so far in breaking God's Law that they had even wearied Him with their iniquities.There is the charge-a thousand facts prove it-and nothing can be urged by way of extenuation. We might expect that the nextutterance would be the sentence. And the next motion of the Divine hand would be the execution, but, instead of that, O wonderof wonders! (Who is a pardoning God like unto You, O Jehovah?)-there comes a full remission, a complete absolution-"I, evenI, am He that blots out your transgressions."

The verse is succeeded, moreover, by other sentences which go on, still further, to convict the people of great sins. TheLord asks them to come and plead with Him, if they can. If they have anything to say in extenuation of their faults, He givesthem an opportunity of speaking for themselves. And then He tells them that they had sinned as a nation from their very beginningand had continued, still, to sin. Though the Lord knew that He would add those words of expostulation, He made a break anda pause in the very middle of His righteous accusation, and before He had concluded His charge against them, He had alreadyforgiven them, and said, "I, even I, am He that blots out your transgressions for My own sake."

The remarkable point is not merely that the absolution contained in the text is preceded and succeeded by verses of accusation,but that it breaks in upon the connection and cleaves the sense right in the middle. The King's messenger of mercy rides throughthe ranks of the men-at-arms in hot haste, sounding his silver bugle as he clears his way. He cannot linger, his message istoo precious to be made to tarry. Sooner may sun and moon stand still than mercy be hindered! Such breaks as those, of whichthe text is a specimen, are very precious to me because they show the intense love of God to deeds of Grace and His eagernessto perform them. I love these soft showers of Grace and mercy all the more because they so abruptly interpose between thetremendous peals of thunder of well-deserved wrath.

It will be our wisdom not only to weigh the text, but to notice the practical lesson of its connection, namely, that sinceGod is sure to reveal His mercy when it will be most valued, we may conclude that men know and prize Divine Mercy most whenthey most feel the weight of their sins. Until a man is consciously condemned and pleads guilty, he will not ask for mercy.And if mercy were to come to him, he would treat it with disdain. He would look upon the offer of forgiveness as an insult,for what better would it be than an insult to pardon an innocent man? As well send medicine to a man who was never sick, oralms to a millionaire!

We must be proven guilty, and confess it, before we can be forgiven. We must know that we are sick and we must distinctlyrecognize that our sickness is a mortal disease, or else we shall never value the Divine Medicine which Jesus came to bring.A sense of sin, although it is exceedingly painful, is a most blessed thing, and I pray God, if you have never felt how guiltyyou are, that you may be made to feel it at once. If you have never been broken down before the awful majesty of Divine Justice,may the Holy Spirit break you down now-for Jesus will never clothe those who are not stripped. He will never wash those whoare not foul, nor will He attempt to heal those who are not wounded. Others may spend their strength in flattering human goodness-theLord Jesus has come on another errand and deals only with our sin and misery. If you are not poverty-stricken, you will haveno dealings with the blessed soul-enriching Savior!

Having thus considered the connection, let us notice two other points. The first is the nature of the pardon which is hereso graciously proclaimed. The second is the effect which this pardon produces upon the minds of those who are enabled to receiveit.

I. First, dear Friends, let us carefully notice THE NATURE OF THE PARDON WHICH IS HERE SO GRACIOUSLY ANNOUNCED. "I, even I,am He that blots out your transgressions for My own sake, and will not remember your sins." Note, first, it is a pardon fromGod Himself, whereupon we further observe that it is a pardon from Him who is offended. Sin is mainly an attack upon God.It is an offense against His own most excellent Person.

It is treason against His most glorious Sovereignty. God therefore feels more, sees more and is more thoroughly affected bythe evil of sin than anyone else. And the connection of the text shows that He does not treat sin as a trifle as some do-thatHe does not regard it as a thing which can be readily passed over-but takes solemn note of the sinful omissions and commissionsof His people and in due time calls them to account, mentioning their sins in a way which shows that He is sorely displeased.

Sin is, in Jehovah's eyes, exceedingly sinful,. It is an abominable thing which His soul hates. And yet, notwithstanding this,it is the very same God who has such a hatred of sin who, nevertheless, says, "I, even I, am He that blots out your transgressions."We have offended God and the same offended God forgives us! We have violated His Law and yet the Lawgiver, Himself, pardonsus! We have insulted His majesty and yet the King, Himself, deigns to say, "I, even I, am He that blots out your transgressions."This is the more delightful because we know that only He could forgive.

What is the use of forgiveness from one who has not been offended? How can I forgive you for a transgression which you havecommitted against another person? He, alone, whose Law has been broken and who is both the fountain of justice and the executiveof the lair, is able to forgive offenses committed! Power to forgive resides nowhere but in the great Supreme. And if youobtain pardon from Him, it is pardon beyond all question! If some man, like yourself, who takes upon himself to say that hehas received a commission from Heaven, shall absolve you, it is not worth the breath he spends in uttering the mimic absolution,or the time you waste in listening to it!

But if the Lord, Himself, out of His excellent Glory, says, "I, even I, am He that blots out your transgressions," then, indeed,the pardon is divinely precious and effectual! There is reality in Divine Forgiveness-it is no dream or fiction of the imagination.Whom God forgives who can condemn? This led the Apostle Paul to say, "Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect?It is God that justifies; who is he that condemns?" Deep is the peace which the Lord's own absolution brings to the soul!If He has said to the greatest offender, "I forgive you," what more is needed? What is the use of adding ceremonies and rituals,and the like, if the Lord, Himself, has spoken? One word from the lips of Jehovah, the great forgiving God, is worth millionsof "masses," and billions of indulgences from the Pope, himself!

Our conscience demands no more than pardon from the Lord and it will never rest satisfied with anything less. O Lord, againstwhom we have erred, Your own sure Word of Grace contents us, but without that Word, spoken home to us by Your Spirit, ourheart continues to condemn us and we pine away in our sins. Brothers and Sisters, there is something about the Character ofGod which is not always dwelt upon as it should be. It is something which tends to make His forgiveness more full of consolationto the soul.

There are many idolaters in the world besides those who worship blocks of wood and stone. There are men who would scorn tobe called idolaters, who, nevertheless, are not worshippers of the true God, but votaries of a deity of their own making.They have not made him with wood, or clay, or gold, or silver, but they have fashioned him out of their own conceptions. Theybelieve in a god such as they think God ought to be. And according to the general rule and fashion nowadays, the god whommen invent for themselves is a being entirely devoid of justice. They say that the God of the Bible, (who is the real, livingand true God who made the heavens and the earth), is vindictive because He severely punishes rebellion against His Law, because,being at the head of all moral government, He will not suffer His Law to be trampled on with impunity, and will by no meansspare the guilty.

The God who executes vengeance and terribly rewards the proud doer is not the God for men of the modern school-they want aneasier deity-a far less stringent governor. They want a god of as easy virtue as themselves. The Lord God of Elijah will neversuit the fair-spoken Ahabs of this age who cry, "Peace, peace," where there is no peace. He never was beloved by proud andcarnally-minded men. They set up an effeminate deity of their own who is like themselves, who cares nothing about the evilof sin and will wink at it, and will suffer sinners to go unpunished-a god who does their bidding, for he quenches the firesof Hell, or renders it only a transient punishment for a few years. Theirs

is a god who gives them license to think as they like and treat his word as a roll of wax for them to cut according to theirown fashion.

The god of modern thought is not the God of the Bible, neither is he any more the true God than Baal or Ashtaroth, Jupiteror Apollo. The true God is the God who is revealed in the Scriptures and manifested in the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ.He is known only to those to whom He reveals Himself, and the rest, by their own carnal wisdom, are blinded so that they havenot seen Him, neither know Him. Now, I say it here, that if there were a god whose nature was nothing else but gentleness,and who, therefore, winked at sin, his pardon would never have satisfied my conscience, for when my conscience was awakenedto know the evil of sin, I felt that if God did not punish me, He ought to!

There was about my heart this feeling that my sin ought not to go unpunished. In fact, I punished myself for my sin by thedeep convictions, fears and trembling of my soul. And if anyone had said God blots out the sin and thinks no more of it, theassurance would have given me no peace. I should have felt that there was an injustice involved in my being pardoned! My sinwould still have cried for vengeance and therefore my conscience would have had no peace.

And when I came to understand that the God of the Bible would not pass by sin without first vindicating the honor of His moralgovernment. That He would not permit sin to be trifled with and to go unpunished and that, therefore, He, Himself, in thePerson of His own Son, had suffered the penalty for my sin-then I said, "This is the kind of pardon which I need-a pardonwhich satisfies God's justice and, therefore, satisfies my own instincts of right. The bearing of my sins by the Lord Jesusin His own body on the tree makes me feel perfectly content, for now God, Himself, can bring no charge against me, since Hecannot punish me for that which He laid upon His own Son."

Shall He demand payment twice for one debt, or punish twice for one offense? If my sins were laid upon His Son, then is Hisjustice abundantly satisfied and my soul accepts the free pardon which He gives, without a fear that the strictest justicewill ever pronounce my pardon null and void. Now, when God, even Jehovah, the Jehovah of this Book, says, "I, even I, am Hethat blots out your transgressions. I who thundered from the top of Sinai. I who drowned Pharaoh and his host in the Red Sea.I who smote Sennacherib with all his armies. I, the just and terrible God, who revenges and is furious, and whose anger burnslike fire against sin, I, even I, am He that blots out your transgressions," this is a glorious word, indeed!

"A just God and a Savior." "Just and yet the justifier of him that believes." Oh, here is a solid foundation for the heart,the conscience, the entire man to rest upon! This is pardon which weighs well in the scales of judgment and is not mere wind.This is pardon which acts as balm to the wounds of conscience and breathes life into hearts dying of despair! So, you see,there is much in the fact that the pardon comes from God-but I have not brought it all out yet, for remember, Beloved, thatinasmuch as it comes from God, He, alone, knows the full extent of sin-and there can be no pardon given for a sin which hasnot been recognized somewhere or other. It might be that pardon would only reach to a part of the offense through the ignoranceof the person offended, supposing him to be a fallible, finite being. And though he forgave the wrong done, as far as he knewit, yet he might soon wake up to a fuller sense of the offense committed against him and feel new anger at the transgressor.

A king can only forgive a rebel for those acts of which he knows him to be guilty. Now the Lord knows all our sins. Thereis not a sin that has ever escaped His eyes. Those committed in the secret chamber, in the darkness of the night- those whichnever struggled into action. Sins of the heart and imagination, those which have never been whispered into any human ear,God has known. What does He not see? And this is a blessed thing for us because it causes the pardon to cover fully the wholeextent of the sin! A priest once said that if we did not remember all our sins, and confess them, they would never be forgiven.Well, then, certainly they never will be forgiven, for no man can ever remember one thousandth part of his transgressions!

But blessed be God the pardon does not rest with our knowledge of the sin, but with God's knowledge of the sin! And thereforethat pardon is complete which comes from the all-seeing God. "I, even I, am He"-the Omniscient who is everywhere present,who saw you in the darkness and heard your heart in all its evil speeches against the Most High-I, the all-knowing One, "Iam He that blots out your transgressions." Oh, this unrivalled pardon, how full of consolation it is! Every attribute of Godadds to its splendor! Every beam of the Divine Glory heightens its grandeur! When we think it is our Father, Himself, ourFather whom we have offended-who now kisses us with the kisses of His lips and presses His

penitent children to his bosom and says-"I, even I, am He that blots out your transgressions," the pardon is rendered inestimablyprecious by the Person from whom it comes.

II. Notice, next, the reason why it is given, the grounds upon which it is based, for they are profoundly comforting. "ForMy own sake." The entire motive of God for forgiving sin lies within Himself-"For My own sake." No man has his sins forgivenbecause they are little, for the smallest sin will ruin the soul, and every sin is great, however little it may seem to us.Each sin has the essence of rebellion in it and rebellion is a great evil before God. No man, therefore, will have God sayto him, "I have blotted out your sins because of the littleness of them." Never!

Again, no man's sin is forgiven on the ground that his repentance is meritorious. There is nothing in Scripture to warrantsuch an idea. Repentance precedes a sense of forgiveness in some measure, but it follows forgiveness in a larger measure.It is not the cause, though it is the attendant, of remission. God's motive for pardoning a sinner is not because that sinnerrepents, for repentance of itself is no recompense to God. There is a repentance-I think I had better call it remorse-whichthe lost feel in Hell-but it changes not their doom. And had it not been for a Savior we might have known the repentance whichEsau felt when he went out and wept, but, nevertheless, lost the blessing-lost it irretrievably.

Neither does our text tell us that God forgives men's sins because He trusts that after they are forgiven they will do better.By His Grace, forgiven men are made to do better-but it is not the foresight of any betterness on their part which leads Godto the forgiveness. That cannot be a motive, for if they do better, their improvement is His work in them. Left to themselvesthey would do even worse after they were pardoned than they had done before. And from the mercy of God they would argue immunityto sin, as, alas, too many who hold the truth in unrighteousness have already done! No, the only motive which God has forpardoning sinners, according to the text, is one which lies within Himself-"for My own sake."

And what, I pray you, is that motive? Brothers and Sisters, the Lord knows all His motives and it is not for us to measurethem. But is it not, first, that He may indulge His mercy? Mercy is the last exercised, but the most pleasing to Himself,of all His attributes. Therefore, because He is full of mercy, He blots out sin. He has this motive, too, which is withinHimself, that He may glorify His Son, who is One with Himself. His Son has made an Atonement-has offered and presented it-andnow, in order that He may have His full reward, the Lord delights to blot out the sins of those who come to Him. It is withinHimself that the motive lies. And what a comfort this is, for if, when looking into my soul, I cannot see any reason why Godshould save me, I need not look there, since the motive lies yonder, in His own gracious bosom!

According to the multitude of His lovingkindnesses will He blot out my transgressions. I may look to all my past life andnot discover a solitary action out of which I could make a plea for mercy. I may look to my present condition and perceivenot even a glimpse of improvement, or even a ray of hope that I shall be better in the future, but rather a dreadful fearthat I shall grow worse and worse! And when I have seen these discouraging facts, I have only seen what is the truth, forin itself, my case is deplorable, indeed! But this is my comfort-I may look right away from myself to God, yes, it is my dutyto do so. O Man, if God is to save you, it will not be because of anything you are, or ever will be-He must do it for Hisown sake!

And, oh, how splendidly this sets the door of Mercy open! It does not stand, now, upon the latch, that those may enter whoare little sinners-but the great gate of Grace stands wide open-what if I say nailed back to the wall? For what sinner isthere whom God cannot pardon if He pardons for His own sake and not for the sinner's sake? What if the man were black withlusts which we dare not mention? What if he were red with murder? What if every crime in the catalog of guilt had been committedby him? Yet if God pardons, not because of anything He sees in the man, but because of what He finds in Himself, it remainsa possibility for God to pardon the vilest of the vile-and the truth revealed in the Bible makes it certain that God willforgive such if they turn to Him, confess their transgressions, believe in His dear Son-and so pass from death unto life.

How blessed, then, it is to look not only at the God who gives the pardon, but at the reason why He gives it-for His own sake!

III. And now, thirdly, it is noteworthy in this glorious text how complete and universal the pardon is. He does not say, "I,even I, am He that blots out some of your transgressions and will not remember a certain number of your sins."

No, the Lord makes a clean sweep of the whole dreadful heap of our sins! They are all driven away at once by one stroke ofAlmighty Mercy. The text includes all the sins which the Lord had mentioned before-their buying Him no sweet cane with money-theirrefusing to attend to His sacrifices. Our sins of omission are all gone.

Beloved Friends, can any of us number our sins of omission? Those are the sins which ruin men. At the Last Great Day the Judgewill say, "I was hungry and you gave Me no meat. I was thirsty and you gave Me no drink; sick, and you visited Me not." Thoseon the left hand were not condemned for what they did do, but for what they did not do! And the things which we have not done-thethings which we have left undone which we ought to have done-these are the majority of our sins! Who shall count them? Theyoutnumber the sands of the ocean! Yet the Divine Pardon cleanses us from them all. No spot nor wrinkle remains.

And then He mentions actual sins. He says, "You have made Me to serve with your sins." [You have burdened Me with your sins.]But He declares that He blots them out, transgressions and sins, both forms of evil. They are both gone, all gone, whollygone. Now, I know not what particular sins may have been committed by the members of this congregation. Suppose we were tobegin at yonder aisle, and each one had to stand up and acknowledge his sins? Well, it would take much time and we shouldhave sinned a great deal more before we had come to the end of the confession! What a pile of sin there would be on this threshingfloor if every man were compelled to bring his own mass of sin and pour it out upon the common heap!

Yet the Lord does not set bound or measure, but says, "I, even I, am He that blots out your transgressions, and will not rememberyour sins." All the Believer's sins are gone-and all are gone at once. And this is the very joy and glory of Gospel absolution!The Believer knows that his sins are not in the process of being pardoned, but are actually pardoned at this moment! No remnantof our sins remains to be dealt with in the future-the whole mass is put away. However black the guilt, however aggravatedthe criminality, however repeated the crime, however heinous because committed against light-however enormous because perpetuateddespite the Holy Spirit-they are all forever made an end of, annihilated, and forever gone when we believe in Jesus Christ!

Sins against God's Law and Word and His Day. Sins against Christ's blood. Sins against His love. Sins against His Person.Sins against His crown. Sins against Himself in all His offices-an infinite variety of sins-they all vanish before that graciousdeclaration, "I, even I, am He that blots out your transgressions." Once more upon this point. The pardon is noteworthy onaccount of its being most effectual. It is described as blotting out. Now, blotting out is a very thorough way of settlinga thing. If an account has been standing in the ledger a long time and the pen is drawn through it, it remains no longer.Whether it is a large account or a small one, the same stroke of the pen will do it.

If you owed a creditor a thousand pounds and another owed him only 10, the word, "paid," takes as many strokes of the pento write for the one account as for the other. And it is just as easily done if the creditor is satisfied. Whatever sin theremay have been in God's people when they come before Him, He writes, "Acquitted," at the bottom of the page which is againstthem, and its condemning power is gone! What a joy it is to see the long catalog of my sins blotted by the bleeding handsof Jesus so that it cannot be read in the court of heavenly Justice! What bliss to see it nailed to the Cross of the dyingSavior! Heavy as my soul's debts were, I doubt no longer! Now I see the grim reckoning fastened to the bloody tree!

And then mark the wonderful expression, "I will not remember those sins." Can God forget? Forgetting with God cannot be aninfirmity as it is with us. We forget because our memory fails, but God forgets in the blessed sense that He remembers, rather,the merit of His Son than our sins. Indeed, God forgets sin in the sense of remembering that it is forgiven! I think it wasAugustine who had been, once, a great sinner. After he was converted he was met in the street by one with whom he had oftenfallen into sin. When she spoke to him and said, "Augustine, it is I," he said, "Ah, but it is not I, I am dead, and madealive again." Now, when God's Justice meets a man who believes in Jesus, that man is no longer the I that sinned, for thatI is dead in Christ!

"Know you not that we were crucified with Him? "The Believer was buried with Christ, so that, as he that is dead is free fromthe Law which condemned him-for how shall the Law arrest a dead man?-so we, being dead in Christ and risen again in Him, arenew creatures, and do not come under the Divine sentence. And God knows us not as sinners, but only, now, knows us as newcreatures in Christ Jesus! He knows and recognizes in us the new life, having "begotten us again unto a lively hope by theResurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead."

That is one of the instructive features of the ordinance of Baptism. The Believer, there, sets forth the doctrine of salvationby death and burial. That was Noah's salvation. He went into the ark as one dead to the world. He was buried in the ark andthen he floated out from the old world into the new. "The like figure," says Peter, "whereunto Baptism does also now saveus, (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience towards God), by the Resurrectionof Jesus Christ." That is to say, Baptism is a like figure of salvation, for it sets forth in a figure, and only in a figure,our death with Christ, our burial with Christ, our resurrection with Christ.

Therefore where there is true faith and the soul has communion with Christ, we are buried with Him in Baptism unto death,"that like as Jesus rose from the dead by the Glory of the Father, even so, we also may rise to newness of life." Death haspassed upon us, "for we thus judge," says the Apostle, "that if one died for all, then all died"-(for such is the literalGreek)-and that He died for all, that they which live should not live from now on unto themselves, but unto Him that diedfor them and rose again." Well, then, Beloved, if we are dead, I do not wonder that God says He does not remember our sins,for we are new creatures! We have passed from death to life!

We have come into a new life and God looks upon us from a new point of view. He regards us under a new aspect as members,not of the first Adam condemned and dead, but of the second Adam, the Lord from Heaven, the living and the quickening Spirit.Well may He say to men who are new creatures, "I will not remember your sins." Every word of the text is delightful and Icannot attempt to go into the fullness of it. May the Lord lead each one of you into it, and especially you young people.As for those who are not converted-oh, that they would long for the precious things here set forth! May God speak to somewho came in here vile sinners, and say to them, "For My own sake I forgive you."

Oh, how you will leap for joy! What a thrill will go through your heart! You will not doubt the existence of God any more,I will guarantee you! You will have no more questions and quibbles. The Spirit of God will speak to your heart and that willconvince you, though nothing else will-and you will go away to glorify the Grace you once despised.

IV. Now I come to the consideration of the second point very briefly-THE EFFECT OF THIS PARDON WHEREVER IT COMES WITH POWERTO THE SOUL. Timid persons have thought that the free pardon of sin would lead men to indulge in it. No doubt some are baseenough to pervert it to that use, but there was never a soul that did really receive pardon from God who could find in thatpardon any excuse for sin or any license to continue any longer in it. For all God's people argue thus-"Shall we sin thatGrace may abound? God forbid! How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?"

And again, the Apostle says, "Shall we sin because we are not under the Law but under Grace? God forbid!" He utters a mostsolemn disclaimer against the idea that the amazing mercy of God can lead the regenerate into sin. The first effect of pardonupon the man who receives it is surprise. The man has been lying at the foot of the Cross looking for mercy and all of a suddenhe glances at the bleeding Savior and he is forgiven! And he feels something like Peter when he was brought out of prison."He knew not that it was true that was done unto him by the angel, but thought he saw a vision."-

"When God revealed His gracious name, And changed our mournful state, Our rapture seemed a pleasing dream- The Grace appearedtoo great." I remember how overjoyed I was when I received pardon. I did not know how to contain myself for delight! But aftera while this thought assailed me-such great mercy is too good to be true! My surprise at it staggered me. How could it bethat I was actually forgiven and through the blood of Jesus made clean in the sight of God? The goodness of God astoundedme! It reminds me of an illustration I have used before, but it is a good one. If you have a dog at the table and you throwhim a scrap of meat, he swallows it directly. But if you were to set the whole joint down on the floor before him, he wouldturn away. He would feel that you could not mean to give a fine joint of meat to a dog!

He would not think of touching it-at least, few dogs wouldn't. And it seemed to me as if the Lord could not have meant allthe wonders of His love for such a dog as I was. I was ready to turn away from it through the greatness of it! But then Iremembered that it would not do for God to be giving little mercy. He was too great a God to spend all His power in pardoninglittle sinners and granting little favors. And I came back to this-if His Grace was not too big for Him to give, I would notbe such a fool as to refuse it because of its greatness!

You remember how Alexander told a soldier that he might have whatever he asked? The man went to the royal treasury and demandedsuch a vast sum that the officer refused to let him have it, and said to him, "How can you be such an unconscionable fellowas to ask for so much?" When Alexander heard of it he said, "It is much for him to receive, but it is not too much for Alexanderto give-he has a high opinion of my greatness. Let him have what he has asked for. I will not fall short of his expectations."God is a great God and to forgive great sins is just like Him. We cannot forgive at this rate, but God can! To forgive greatsins, tremendous sins, unspeakably black sins, adds to His Glory and makes men say, "Who is a God like unto You, passing byiniquity, transgression, and sin?"

At first, then, Mercy fills us with surprise. The next thing it does is to fill us with holy regret. We feel, "What? And isthis the God I have been standing out against so long? Is this the God whom I have despised or neglected, whose Gospel I putaway from me, saying that there was time enough for me to attend to it when I grew old and had seen a little of life? Is thisthe God whom I have been slighting, who has loved me at this rate, and given His dear Son from His own right hand to bleedand suffer in my place?"

It has been said-I think by Aristotle-that a person cannot know that he is loved without feeling some degree of love in return.I am quite certain that you cannot know in your soul, by the experience of pardon, that God loves you, without feeling atonce, "I am ashamed that I did not love my gracious God. I am disgusted with myself that I could have acted in such a disgracefulway towards Him. Did He love me before the world began? Did He write my name in the roll of His electing love? Did He ordainme to a crown of life and to a harp of gold? Did He predestinate me to be conformed to the image of His Son? When the Saviorbled, did He think of me as He was dying, and did He especially lay down life for me? Am I one whom He has betrothed untoHimself forever in faithfulness and love and mercy-and yet have I been foolish enough to live all this while a stranger andan enemy to Him?"

When a sense of dying love comes mightily into the heart, we feel that we cannot be enough revenged upon our cruel heartsfor having treated so, such a generous, such a forgiving God! As this sense of pardon first breeds surprise and then intenseregret, it next creates in us fervent love. "We love Him because He first loved us," and we love Him best of all for havingpardoned us. No one loves God so much as the man or woman who has had much forgiven. Scripture tells us this in the case ofthe woman who was a sinner-she, alone, washed the Savior's feet with tears and wiped them with the hairs of her head.

Commonplace Christians have never experienced any deep sense of sin, and consequently, Christ is a very commonplace Saviorto them. Ah, but when a man feels that he is a vile sinner and that he should have been in Hell, and in the hottest part ofit, if it had not been for Sovereign Grace, I tell you, Sir, if the Lord lifts that man up out of the Pit and gives him aplace among His servants, that is the man who will feel the water in his eyes when he talks about the Savior's Grace. Thatman cannot speak about redeeming Grace and dying love without feeling that there is charming music in those precious wordsand the best of all music in their precious sense! The viler the sinner the more love has he to the Lord when he is forgiven.As he feels his sin, so He loves his Redeemer.

"The burnt child dreads the fire," but I will tell you the child that dreads the fire most-if there could be a child whichhad burnt itself in the fire and then all its sores and blisters were taken off it and laid upon its mother, and that childsaw its mother's face all scarred and marred with the burning, and saw her body in pain on her dear one's account-I am surethe child would hate all idea of playing with fire as long as it lived. Many suffer for sin in their own persons, but do nothate it. They will go back to the very sin which injured them, as moths fly again to the candle. But to see another sufferingfor my fault-such a One as Emmanuel, God With Us-to see His hands fastened to the Cross, and His feet pierced, and His heartgashed, and all His life flowing out in blood, and Himself bearing agonies unutterable for my sins-it makes me feel that thevery name of sin is accursed and I abhor it utterly!

We would, if we could, be perfect! We long and sigh, and cry to be delivered from everything that has one murderous spot ofthe Savior's blood upon it! If yonder knife had killed your friend, would you hoard it up and think a great deal of the deadlyinstrument? You would hurl it out of your sight as an accursed thing! Yet sin slew Jesus! Sin slew Jesus! Away with it, then!Away with it! Away with it! My precious Christ was murdered by sin! From now on I am dead to sin! This is the spirit whichDivine Grace breeds in every Christian-and the more sure he is of his pardon-the more intensely, by God's Grace, he hateshis sin.

Therefore our Gospel is a reforming Gospel, a sanctifying Gospel. It is a Gospel that delivers men from the power of sin andbrings them through the power of love into the blessed liberty of the children of God. In closing, I would say to every unconvertedperson-your state before God is here in this picture-Many years ago in Russia a regiment of troops mutinied. They were atsome distance from the capital and were so furious that they murdered their officers and resolved never to submit to discipline.But the emperor, who was an exceedingly wise and sagacious man, no sooner heard of it than, all alone and unattended, he wentinto the barracks where the men were drawn up, and, addressing them sternly, he said to them, "Soldiers, you have committedsuch offense against the Law that every one of you deserves to be put to death. There is no hope of any mercy for one of youunless you lay down your arms immediately, and surrender at discretion to me, your emperor."

And they did it, then and there, though the heads of their officers were lying at their feet. They threw down their arms andsurrendered, and he said at once, "Men, I pardon you. You will be the bravest troops I ever had." And they were, too! Thatis just what God says to the sinner-"Now, Sinner, you have done that which deserves My wrath. Down with your weapons of rebellion!Ground arms at once. I will not talk with you until you submit at discretion to My Sovereign Authority." And then He says,"Believe in My Son. Trust Him. Accept Him as your Savior. This done, you are forgiven, and from now on you will be the mostloving creatures that My hands have made. You will love Me better than the angels, for though they never sinned, they neverhad a God to become Incarnate and to bleed and die for them.

"You know what sin is and will hate it. And you know what goodness is, for you have seen it in My Son, and from now on youwill strive to be like He is, and among the sweetest notes that shall come up to My Throne will be your grateful songs."-

"Blessings, forever on the Lamb,

Who bore the curse for wretched men!

Let angels sound His sacred name,

And e very creature say, 'Amen!'" None will more loudly sing the praises of God than those who have been washed in the preciousblood and have had their transgressions blotted out! The Lord bless you and give every one of you to know and taste all this,and that, too, at this very hour if it is His will, for Jesus' sake! Amen.

PORTION OF SCRIPTURE READ BEFORE SERMON-Isaiah 43:22-28, 44:1-22.

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