Sermon 1076. The Great Assize

(No. 1076)

Delivered on Lord's Day Evening, August 25th, 1872, by


At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington

'For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that everyone may receive the things done in his body, accordingto that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.''2Corinthians 5:10.

THIS MORNING WE preached concerning the resurrection of the dead, and it seems consistent with order to carry forward ourthoughts this evening, to that which follows immediately after the resurrection, namely: THE GENERAL JUDGMENT; for the deadrise on purpose that they may be judged in their bodies. The Resurrection is the immediate prelude to the Judgment. Thereis no need that I try to prove to you from Scripture that there will be a general judgment, for the Word ofGod abounds with proof-passages. You have them in the Old Testament. You find David anticipating that great assize inthe Psalms (especially in such as the forty-ninth and fiftieth, the ninety-sixth Psalm, and the three that follow it), FORMOST ASSUREDLY THE LORD COMETH: HE COMETH TO JUDGE THE EARTH IN RIGHTEOUSNESS. Very solemnly and very tenderly does Solomonin the Ecclesiastes warn the young man, that, let him rejoice as he may and cheer his heart in the days of his youth, forall thesethings God will bring him into judgment; for God will judge every secret thing. Daniel in the night visions beholds theSon of Man coming with the clouds of heaven, and drawing near to the Ancient of Days; then he sits upon the throne of judgmentAND THE NATIONS ARE GATHERED BEFORE HIM. It was no new doctrine to the Jews; it was received and accepted by them as a mostcertain fact that there would be a day in which God would judge the earth in righteousness. The New Testament is very express.The twenty-fifth of Matthew, which we read to you just now, contains language, which could not possibly be more clearand definite, from the lips of the Saviour himself. He is the faithful witness, and cannot lie. You are told that before himwill be gathered ALL NATIONS, and he shall divide them the one from the other, as the shepherd divideth the sheep from thegoats. Other passages there are in abundance, as, for instance, the one that is now before us, which is plain enough. Anotherwemight quote is in the second epistle to the Thessalonians, the first chapter, from the seventh to the tenth verse. LetUs read it, ' And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mightyangels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; when heshall cometo be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed)in that day.' The book of the Revelation is very graphic in its depicting that last general judgment. Turn to the twentiethchapter, at the eleventh and twelfth verses. The seer of Patmos says, ' And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat onit, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small andgreat, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the deadwere judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.' Time would fail me to refer youto all the Scriptures. It is asserted over and over again by the Holy Spirit, whose Word is truth, that THERE WILL BE A JUDGMENTOF THE QUICK AND OF THE DEAD.

Beside that direct testimony, it should be remembered there is a convincing argument that so it must needs be, from the veryfact that God is just as the Ruler over men. In all human governments there must he an assize held. Government cannot be conductedwithout its days of session and of trial, and, inasmuch as there is evidently sin and evil in this world, it might fairlybe anticipated that there would be a time when God will go on circuit, and when he will call theprisoners before him, and the guilty shall receive their condemnation. Judge for yourselves: is this present state theconclusion of all things? If so, what evidence would you adduce of the divine justice, in the teeth of the fact that the bestof men are often in this world the poorest and the most afflicted, while the worst of men acquire wealth, practice oppression,and receive homage from the crowd? Who are they that ride in the high places of the earth? Are they not those, greattransgressors, who 'wade through slaughter to a throne and shut the gates of mercy on mankind'? Where are the servantsof God? They are in obscurity and suffering full often. Do they not sit like Job among the ashes, subjects of little pity,objects of much upbraiding? And where are the enemies of God? Do not many of them wear purple and fine linen and fare sumptuouslyevery day? If there be no hereafter, then Dives has the best of it; and the selfish man who fears not God, is after all, thewisest of men and more to be commended than his fellows. But it cannot be so. Our common sense revolts against the thought.There must be another state in which these anomalies will all be rectified. 'If in this life only we have hope in Christ,we are of all men the most miserable,' says the apostle. The best of men were driven to the worst of straits in those persecutingtimes for being God's servants. How say ye then, 'Finis coronat opus,' the end crowns the work? That cannot be thefinal issue of life, or justice itself were frustrated. There must be a restitution for those who suffer unjustly: theremust be a punishment for the wicked and the oppressor.

Not only may this be affirmed from a general sense of justice, but there is in the conscience of most men, if not of all,an assent to this fact. As an old Puritan says, 'God holds a petty session in every man's conscience, which is the earnestof the assize which he will hold by and by; for almost all men judge themselves, and their conscience knows this to be wrongand that to be right. I say 'almost all,' for there seems to be in this generation a race of men who haveso stultified their conscience that the spark appears to have gone out, and they put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.The lie they seem to approve, but the truth they do not recognize. But let conscience alone and do not stultify her, and youshall find her bearing witness that there is a Judge of all the earth who must do right.' Now this is peculiarly the casewhen conscience is allowed full play. Men who are busy about their work or entertained with their pleasures, often keep theirconsciences quiet. As John Bunyan puts it, they shut up Mr Conscience; they blind his windows; they barricade his doors;and as for the great bell on the top of the house, which the old gentleman was wont to ring, they cut the rope of it, so thathe cannot get at it, for they do not wish him to disturb the town of Man-soul. But when death comes, it often happens thatMr. Conscience escapes from his prison-house, and then, I warrant you, he will make such a din that there is not a sleepingheadin all Man-soul. He will cry out and avenge himself for his constrained silence, and make the man know that there is asomething within him not quite dead, which cries out still for justice, and that sin cannot go unchastised. There must bea judgment, then. Scripture asserts it, that would be enough: but by way of collateral evidence the natural order of thingsrequires it; and conscience attests it.

Now we come to consider what our text says about the Judgment. I pray you, brethren, if I should speak coldly tonight on thismomentous truth, or fail to excite your attention and stir your deepest emotions, forgive me, and may God forgive me, forI shall have good reason to ask God's forgiveness, seeing that if ever a topic should arouse the preacher to a zeal for thehonor of his Lord and for the welfare of his fellow creatures, and so make him doubly in earnest, it isthis. But, then, permit me to say, that, if ever there was a theme quite independent of the speaker, which on its ownaccount alone should command your thoughtfulness, it is that which I now bring before you. I feel no need of oratory or ofspeech well selected: the bare mention of the fact that such a judgment is impending, and will ere long occur, might wellhold you in breathless silence, still the very throbbings of your pulse, and choke the utterance of my lips. The certaintyof it, thereality of it, the terrors that accompany it, the impossibility of escaping from it, all appeal to us now and demand ourvigilance.

I. Ask ye now, who is it, or who ARE THEY THAT WILL HAVE APPEAR BEFORE THE THRONE OF JUDGMENT? The answer is plain; it admitsof no exemption: 'We must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ.' This is very decisive, if there were no other text. We must all appear; thatis to say, every one of the human race. We must all appear. And that the godly will not be exempted from this appearance is very clear, for the apostle here is speaking to Christians.Hesays, 'We walk by faith, not by sight. We are confident. We labour' and so on; and then he puts it, 'We must all appear.' So that, beyond all others, it is certain that all Christians must appear there. The text is quite conclusive uponthat point. And if we had not that text, we nave the passage in Matthew, which we have read, in which the sheep are summonedthere as certainly as are the goats; and the passage in the Revelation, where all the dead are judgedaccording to the things which are written in the books. They are all there. And if the objection should be raised, 'Wethought that the sins of the righteous being pardoned, and for ever blotted out, they could never come into judgment,' wehave only to remind you, beloved, that if they are so pardoned and blotted out, as they undoubtedly are, the righteous haveno reason to fear coming into judgment. They are the persons who covet the judgment, and will be able to strand there to receiveapublic acquittal from the mouth of the great Judge. Who, among us, wishes, as it were, to be smuggled into heaven unlawfully?Who desires to have it said by the damned in hell, 'You were never tried, or else you might have been condemned as we were.'No, brethren, we have a hope that we can stand the trial. The way of righteousness by Christ Jesus enables us to submit ourselvesto the most tremendous tests which even that burning day can bring forth. We are not afraid to be put into thebalances. We even desire that day when our faith in Jesus Christ is strong and firm; for we say, 'who is he that condemneth?'We can challenge the day of judgment. Who is he that shall lay anything to our charge in that day, or at any other, sinceChrist hath died and hath risen again?It is needful that the righteous should be there that there may not be any partialityin the matter whatever; that the thing may be all clear and straight, and that the rewards of the righteous may be seen tobe,though of grace, yet without any violation of the most rigorous justice. Dear brethren, what a day it will be for therighteous! For some of them were'perhaps some here present are'lying under some very terrible accusation of which they areperfectly guiltless. All will be cleared up then, and that will be one great blessing of that day. There will be a resurrectionof reputations as well as of bodies. Men call the righteous, fools; then shall they shine forth as the sun in the kingdomoftheir Father. They hounded them to death, as not being fit to live. In early ages they laid to the Christians chargesof the most terrible character, which I should count it shame to mention. But then they will all be clear; and those of whomthe world was not worthy, who were driven and hunted about find made to dwell in the caves of the earth, they shall come forthas worthy ones, and the world shall know her true aristocracy, earth shall own her true nobility. The men whose names shecastout as evil, all then be held in great repute, for they shall stand out clear and transparent without spot or blemish.It is well that there should be a trial for the righteous, for the clearing of them, the vindication of them, and that itshould be public, defying the evil and criticism of all mankind.

'We must all appear.' What a vast assembly, what a prodigious gathering, that of the entire human race! It struck me as I was meditatingupon this subject, what would be the thoughts of Father Adam, as he stood there with Mother Eve and looked upon his offspring.It will be the first time in which he has ever had the opportunity of seeing all his children met together. What a sight willhe then behold'far stretching, covering all the globe which they inhabit,enough not only to people all earth's plains, but crown her hill-tops, and cover even the ways of the sea, so numberlessmust the human race have been, if all the generations that have ever lived, or shall ever live, shall at once rise from thedead. Oh, what a sight will that be! Is it too marvelous for our imagination to picture? Yet it is quite certain that theassemblage will be mustered, and the spectacle will he beheld. Every one from before the Flood, from the days of the Patriarchs,from the times of David, from the Babylonian kingdom, all the legions of Assyria, all the hosts of Persia, all the phalanxof the Greeks, all the vast armies and legions of Rome, the barbarian, the Scythian, the bond, the free, men of every colorand of every tongue'they shall all stand in that great day before the Judgment Seat of Christ. There come the kings'no greaterthan the men they call their slaves. There come the princes'but they have doffed their coronets, for they must standlike common flesh and blood. Here come the judges, to be judged themselves, and the advocates and barristers, needingan advocate on their own account. Here come those that thought themselves too good, and kept the street to themselves. Thereare the Pharisees, hustled by the Publicans on either side and sunk down to the natural level with them. Mark the peasantsrising from the soil; see the teeming myriads from outside the great cities streaming in, countless hosts such as no AlexanderorNapoleon ever beheld! See how the servant is as great as his master! 'Liberty, Equality, Fraternity,' are now proclaimed.No kings, no princes, no nobles, can shelter themselves behind their order, assert a privilege or claim an immunity. Alikeon one common level they stand together, to be tried before the last tremendous tribunal. There shall come the wicked of everysort. Proud Pharaoh shall be there; Senacherib, the haughty; Herod, that would have slain the young child; Judas, that betrayedhis master; Demas, that sold him for gold; and Pilate, who would fain have washed his hands in innocency. There shallcome the long list of infallibles, the whole line of popes, to receive their damnation at the Almighty's hands, and the prieststhat trod upon the necks of nations, and the tyrants that used the priests as their tools'they shall come to receive the thunderboltsof God which they so richly deserve. Oh, what a scene will it be! These little companies, which look to us so largewhen they are gathered together beneath this roof, how do they shrink into the drop of a bucket as compared with the oceanof life that shall swell around the throne at the last great Judgment day. They shall all be there.

Now, the most important thought connected with this to me, is that I shall be there; to you young men, that you will be there; to you, ye aged of every sort, that you, in propria personae'each one shall be there. Are you rich? Your dainty dress shall be put off. Are you poor? Your rags shall not exempt you fromattendance at that court. None shall say'I am too obscure.' You must come up from that hiding place. None shall say,'I am too public.' You must come down from that pedestal. Everyone must be there. Note the word 'We', 'We must all appear.'

And still further, note the word, 'appear.' ' We must all appear.' No disguise will be possible. Ye cannot come there dressed in masquerade of profession or attired in robes of state, butwe must appear; we must be seen through, must be displayed, must be revealed; off will come your garments, and your spirit will be judgedof God, not after appearance, but according to the inward heart. Oh, what a day that will be when every man shall see himself,and everyman shall see his, fellow, and the eyes of angels and the eyes of devils, and the eyes of God upon the throne, shall seeus through and through. Let these thoughts dwell upon your minds, while you take this for the answer to our first enquiry,'Who is to be judged?'

II. Our second question is, Who will be the judge? 'We must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ.' That Christ shouldbe appointed judge of all mankind is most proper and fitting. Our British law ordains that a man shall be tried by his peers,and there is justice in the statute. Now the Lord God will judge men, but at the same time it will be in the person of JesusChrist the man. Men shall be judged by a man. He that was once judged by men shall judge men. Jesusknows what man should be; he has been under the law himself in deep humility, who is ordained to administer the law inhigh authority. He can hold the scales of justice evenly, for he has stood in man's place and borne and braved man's temptations;he therefore is the most fit judge that could be selected. I have sometimes heard and read sermons in which the preacher saidthat a Christian ought to rejoice that his judge is his friend. There may be no impropriety intended, still it seems to merather a questionable suggestion. I should not like to put it use that way myself; because any judge that was partialto his friends when he sat on the judgment seat would deserve to come off the seat immediately. As a judge I expect no favoritismfrom Christ. I expect when he sits there he will deal out even-handed justice to all. I cannot see how it is right for anyminister to hold it forth that we should find encouragement in the judge being our friend. Friend or no friend, we shall goinfor a fair trial every one of us, and Christ will not be a respecter of persons. Of him whom God has appointed to judgethe world, it shall not be said when the assize is over that he winked at the crimes of some and extenuated them, while hesearched out the faults of others and convicted them. He will be fair and upright throughout. He is our friend, I grant you,and he will be our friend and Saviour for ever; but, as a judge, we must keep to the thought, and believe and maintain itthat hewill be impartial to all the sons of men. You will have a fair trial, man. He that will judge you will not take sidesagainst you. We have sometimes thought that men have been shielded from the punishment they deserved, because they were ofa certain clerical profession, or because they occupied a certain official position. A poor labourer who kills his wife shallbe hanged, but when another matt of superior station does the like deed of violence, and stains his hands with the blood ofher whomhe had vowed to love and cherish, the capital sentence shall not be executed upon him. Everywhere we see in the worldthat with the best intentions justice somehow or other does squint a little. Even in this country there is just the slightestpossible turning of the scale, and God grant that may be cured ere long. I do not think it is intentional; and I hope thenation will not long have to complain about it. There ought to be the same justice for the poorest beggar that crawls intoa casualward, as for his Lordship that owns the broadest acres in all England. Before the law, at least, all men ought to standequal. So shall it be with the Judge of all the earth. Fiat justia, ruat coelum. Christ will by all means hold the scales even. Thou shalt have a fair trial and a full trial, too. There shall be no concealmentof anything in thy favour, and no, keeping back of anything against thee. No witnesses shall be borne across the sea to keepthem out of the way. They shall allbe there, and all testimony shall be there, and all that is wanted to condemn or to acquit shall be produced in full courtat that trial, and hence it will be a final trial. From that court there will be no appeal. If Christ, saith ' Cursed!' cursedmust they be for ever. If Christ saith 'Blessed!', blessed shall they be for aye. Well, this is what we have to expect then,to stand before the throne of the man Christ Jesus the Son of God, and there to be judged.

III. Now the third point is, WHAT WILL BE RULE OF JUDGEMENT? The text says that 'every one may receive the things done inhis body according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.' Then it would appear that our actions will be taken in evidence at the last. Not our profession, not our boastings, but our actions will be taken in evidence atthe last, and every man shall receive according to what he hath done in the body. That implies that everything done byus in this body will be known. It is all recorded; it will be all brought to light. Hence, in that day every secret sinwill be published. What was done in the chamber, what was hidden by the darkness, shall be published as upon the housetop'everysecret thing. With great care you have concealed it, most dexterously you have covered it up; but it shall be brought outto your own astonishment to form a part of your judgment. There, hypocritical actions as well as secret sins will be laidbare.The Pharisee who devoured the widow's house and made a long prayer, will find that widow's house brought against him,and the long prayer too; for the long prayer will then be understood as having been a long lie against God from beginningto end. Oh, how fine we can make some things look With the aid of paint and varnish and gilt; but at the last day off willcome the varnish and veneer, and the true metal, the real substance, will then be seen.

When it is said that everything that is done in the body will be brought up as evidence against us or for us, remember thisincludes every omission as well as every commission; for that which is not done that ought to have been done is as greatlysinful as the doing of that which ought not to be done. Did not you notice when we were reading the twenty-fifth chapter ofMatthew, how those on the left hand were condemned, not for what they did, but for what they did not do:'I was an hungry, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink.' Where would some of you stand, accordingto this rule, who have lived in neglect of holiness, and neglect of faith, and neglect of repentance, before God all yourdays? Bethink yourselves, I pray you.

Recollect, too, that all our words will be brought up. For every idle word that man shall speak he will have to give an account.And all our thoughts, too, for these lie at the bottom of our actions and give the true colour to them good or bad. Our motives,our heart sins, especially, our hatred of Christ, our neglect of the gospel, our unbelief'all of these shall be read aloudand published unreservedly. 'Well,' saith one, 'who then can be saved?' Ah! indeed, who thencan be saved? Let me tell you who will be. There will come forward those who have believed in Jesus, and albeit they havemany sins to which they might well plead guilty, they will be able to say, 'Great God, thou didst provide for us a substitute,and thou didst say that if we would accept him he should be a substitute for us and take our sins upon himself, and we didaccept him and our sins were laid upon him, and we have now no sins; they have been transferred from us to the great Saviour,substitute and sacrifice.' And in that day there will be none who can put in a demurrer to that plea: it will hold good;for God has said, 'Whosoever believeth on Christ Jesus shall never be condemned.' Then will the actions of the righteous,the gracious actions, be brought forth to prove that they had faith. For that faith which never evidences itself by good worksis a dead faith and a faith that will never save a soul. Now, if the dying thief were brought up, he would say, 'My sins werelaid on Jesus.' 'Ay, but how about your good works? Thou must have some evidence of thy faith,' Satan might reply. Thenwould the recording angel say, 'The dying thief said to his fellow thief who was dying with him, 'Wherefore art thou railing?In his last moments he did what he could; he rebuked the thief that was dying with him and made a good confession of his Lord.There was the evidence of the sincerity of his faith.' Dear hearer, will there lie any evidence of the sincerity of yourfaith? If your faith has no evidence before the Lord, what will you do? Suppose you thought you had a faith and went ondrinking. Suppose you did as I know some have done here, go straight from this place into the public house? Or suppose youjoined the Christian church and remained a drunkard? Ay, and women have done that also as well as men. Suppose you professedto have faith in Christ and yet cheated in your weights and measures and common dealings? Do you think that God will neverrequitethese things at your hands? Oh, sirs, if ye be no better than other men in your conduct, ye are no better than other men in your character, and ye will stand no better than other men in the judgment day. If your actionsare not superior to theirs, you may profess what you will about your faith, but you are deceived, and, as deceivers, you willbe discovered at the last great day. If grace does not make us differ from other men, it is not the grace which God giveshis elect. We are notperfect, but all God's saints keep their eyes on the great standard of perfection, and, with strong desire, aim to walkworthy of their high calling of God and to bring forth works which prove that they love God; and if we have not these signsfollowing faith, or if they are not put in as evidence for us, at the last great day we shall not be able to prove our faith.It will be proof positive that you hated God; for a man must hate God indeed who will spurn his counsels, give no heed tohisreproof, scorn his grace, and dare the vengeance of him who points out the way of escape and the path that leadeth tolife. He that will not be saved by God's mercy proves that he hates the God of mercy. If God gives his own Son to die andmen will not trust in his Son, will not have him as their Saviour, that one sin, if they had no other, would at once provethat they were enemies of God and black at heart. But if thy faith be in Jesus, if thou lovest Jesus, if thy heart goes outto Jesus, ifthy life be influenced by Jesus, if thou makest him thy example as well as thy Saviour, there will be evidence'thou canstnot see it, but there will be evidence'in thy favour. For notice those gracious things, when the evidence was brought, andChrist said, 'I was an hungry, and ye gave me no meat, thirsty and ye gave me no drink,' they said, 'O Lord, we never knewthis.' Should any man stand up here and say, 'I have plenty of evidence to prove my faith,' I should reply, 'Hold your tongue,sir! Hold your tongue! I am afraid you have no faith at all, or you would not be talking about your evidence.' But ifyou are saying, 'Oh, I am afraid I have not the evidence that will stand me in good stead at the last,' yet if all the whileyou have been feeding the hungry, and clothing the naked, and doing all you can for Christ, I would tell you not to be afraid.The master will find witnesses to say, 'That man relieved me when I was in poverty. He knew I was one of Christ's and he cameandhelped me.' And another will come and say (perhaps it will be an angel), 'I saw him when he was alone in his chamber andheard him pray for his enemies.' And the Lord will say, 'I read his heart when I saw how he put up with rebuke, and slander,and persecution, and would not make any answer for my sake. He did it all as evidence that my grace was in his heart.' Youwill not have to fetch up the witnesses: the judge will call them, for he knows all about your case; and as he calls up thewitness, will be surprised to find how even the ungodly will be obliged to consent to the just salvation of the righteous.Oh, how the secret deeds and the true heart-sincerity of the righteous, when thus unveiled, will make devils bite their tonguesin wrath to think that there was so much of grace given to the sons of men, with which to defeat persecution, to overcometemptation, and to follow on in obedience to the Lord. Oh yes, the deeds, the deeds, the deeds of men'not their prating, nottheir profession, not their talk, but their deeds (though nobody shall be saved by the merits of his deeds)'their deedsshall be the evidence of their grace, or their deeds shall be the evidence of their unbelief; and so, by their works shallthey stand before the Lord, or by their world shall they be condemned as evidence and nothing more.

IV. Now the last point is this: What is the object of this judgment? Will sentence of acquittal and condemnation be given,and then the whole thing be over? Far from it. The judgment is with a view to the thereafter''That every man may receive thethings done in his body.' The Lord will grant unto his people an abundant reward for all that they have done. Not that theydeserve any reward, but that God first gave them grace to do good works, then took their good works asevidence of a renewed heart, and then gave them a reward for what they had done. Oh, what a bliss it will be to hear itsaid, 'Well done, good and faithful servant,''and to find that you have worked for Christ when nobody knew it, to find thatChrist took stock of it all,'to you that served the Lord under misrepresentation, to find that the Lord Jesus cleared thechaff away from the wheat, and knew that you were one of his precious ones. For him, then, to say, 'Enter into the joy ofthyLord,' oh, what a bliss will it be to you.

But to the ungodly how terrible. They are to receive the things that they have done; that is to say, the punishment due,'notevery man alike, but the greater sinner the greater doom; to the man who sinned against light a greater damnation than tothe man who had not the same light,'Sodom and Gomorrah their place, Tyre and Sidon their place, and then to Capernaum andBethsaida their place of more intolerable torment, because they had the Gospel and rejected it'so theLord himself tells us. And the punishment will not only be meted out in proportion to the transgression, but it will bea development of the evil actions done in the evil consequences to be endured, as every man shall eat the fruit of his ownways. Sin, after the natural order, ripens into sorrow. This is not a blind fate, but it is the operation of a divine law,wise and invariable. Oh, how dreadful it will be for the malicious man to have for ever to gnaw his own envious heart, tofind hismalice come home to him, as birds come home to roost, to hoot for ever in his own soul; for the lustful man to feel lustburning in every vein, which he can never gratify;'for the drunkard to have a thirst, which not even a drop of water can allay;'forthe glutton who has fared sumptuously every day, to be in hunger perpetually; and the soul that has been wrathful to be forever wrathful, with the fire of wrath for ever burning like a volcano in his soul; and the rebel against God for evera rebel, cursing God whom he cannot touch, and finding his curses come back upon himself.

There is no punishment worse than for a man who is sinfully disposed to gratify his lusts, to satiate his bad propensities,and to multiply and fatten his vices. Only let men grow into what they would be, and then see what they would be like! Takeaway the policemen in some parts of London, and give the people plenty of money, and let their do just as they like. LastSaturday, it might be, there were half-a-dozen broken heads, and wives and children were in one generalskirmish. Keep those people together: let their vigor continue unimpaired by age or decay, while they keep on developingtheir characters. Why, they would be worse than a herd of tigers! Let them give way to their rage and anger, with nothingto check their passions; let miserly, greedy people for ever go on with their greed. It makes them miserable here, but letthese things be indulged in for ever, and what worse hell do you want? Oh, sin is hell and holiness is heaven. Men will receivethethings done in their body. If God has made them to love him, they shall go on to love him; if God has made them trusthim, they shall go on to trust in him; if God has made them to be like Christ, they shall go on to be like Christ, and theyshall receive the things done in their body as a reward; but if a man has lived in sin, 'he that is filthy shall be filthystill'; he that has been unbelieving shall be unbelieving still. This, then, shall be the worm that never dieth, and the firewhichnever shall be quenched, to which shall be added the wrath of God forever and ever. Oh, that we may have grace every oneof us to flee to Christ! There is our only safety. Simple faith in Jesus is the basis for the character which will evidenceat last that you are chosen of God. A simple belief in the merit of the Lord Jesus, wrought in us by the Holy Spirit, is therock foundation upon which shall he built up, by the same divine hands, the character which shall evidence that the kingdomwasprepared for us from before the foundations of the world. God work in us such a character, for Christ's sake. Amen.