Sermon 1041. Mercy's Master Motive

(No. 1041)

Delivered on Lord's Day Morning, March 17th, 1872, by

C. H. SPURGEON,

At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington

'For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off. Behold, Ihave refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction. For mine own sake, even for mineown sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another.''Isaiah 48:9-11.

THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL in all their generations were full of evil. Those who came out of Egypt were a rebellious people, andfor forty years multiplied their provocations of the Lord in the wilderness, till at last they all found a grave in the desert.The generation following were stiff-necked and rebellious like their fathers, and they continually went astray after falsegods. Though by the good hand of the Lord they were settled in a goodly land which flowed with milk andhoney, yet they forgot the covenant and sinned grievously. Though they were smitten and bruised for their idolatries,yet their successors did the same: whether they were ruled by the high priest, or governed by the judges, or presided overby a king, it little mattered, they started aside still, they were never to be depended upon. Idolatry and rebellion againstGod were ingrained in their nature; this sin was in their bone, and it would come out in their flesh. At last the Lord, whoseglorytabernacled in Zion, appeared to grow weary of keeping house with such ungracious children and unfaithful servants, andhe broke up the house altogether: he gave up his temple to be destroyed, the whole land to be ravaged, and the inhabitantsto be carried away captive into Babylon. The Lord was wroth with his heritage, and therefore he gave his holy and beautifulhouse to the fire, and the carved work thereof to be broken down with hammers, while the whole Jewish state was utterly shattered,and of the kingdom not one stone was left upon another that was not cast down. Yet such is the immutability of God inhis affection, that he had not long sent his people into captivity before his bowels yearned towards them again. He cast hiseye over to Babylon, and saw his chosen sitting in sadness by the far-off rivers, hanging their silent harps upon the willows,and weeping at the remembrance of Zion; and he said unto himself, 'I have chosen this people of old, and I have loved theirfathers, and I have made them to be people unto me above all the people that are upon the face of the earth, thereforeagain I will have mercy upon them.' Then the Lord looked to find a reason for mercy in their past conduct, but could see none.He looked at their present character for a plea, and found none, for even while they were under the rod they exhibited hardnessof heart, so that even the eyes of mercy could see no reason for favor in them. What should the Lord do? He would not actwithout a reason: there must be something to justify his mercy, and show the wisdom of his way. Since there is none inthe offender, where shall mercy find her plea? Behold the inventiveness of eternal love! The Lord falls back upon himself;and within himself finds a reason for his grace. 'For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrainfor thee, that I cut thee not off. For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted?and I will not give my glory unto another.' Finding a motive in his own glory which was bound up in the existence of Israel,and would have been compromised by their destruction, he turned unto them in love and kindness; Cyrus wrote the decree ofemancipation, the Israelites came back to the land, and once again they sat every man under his own vine and fig tree, andate the good of the land. So far we give the historical meaning of the passage.

We shall now use the text as an illustration of divine love in other cases, for from one deed of grace we may learn all. AsGod dealt with his people Israel after the flesh, in the same manner he dealeth with his people Israel after the spirit; andhis mercies towards his saints are to be seen as in a mirror in his wondrous lovingkindness towards the seed of Abraham.

I shall take the text to illustrate'first, the conversion of the sinner; and secondly, the reclaiming of the backslider; and I pray, dear friends, most earnestly, that while I speak God may move with his Spirit upon your hearts, so that manyof you may follow me, sincerely feeling that which I describe. While I am speaking may your souls be silently saying, 'Yes,we know what that means, we have felt it; we gladly yield assent thereto, for we know it to beeven so.'

I. First, then, in reference to THE CONVERSION OF THE SINNER.

Let us suppose a case. It is God's will to save yonder sinner; he has ordained him to eternal life, and predestinated himto he conformed to the image of his dear Son. In due time the Lord begins to deal with the man in a way of grace, and wheredoes he find him? This shall be our first point this morning. He finds him so utterly ruined and depraved, that in him there is no argument for mercy, no plea for grace. I will suppose that such a soul is here this morning,awakened into a perception of his true condition, and craving for pardon. Soul, canst thou upon calm reflection find inthyself some good thing which may be pleaded in extenuation of guilt, or as a reason for forgiveness? What has been thy pastconduct? Are there redeeming features in it? Alas, no! You must at once confess that your neck has been an iron sinew andyour brow brass. You have been obstinate in sin; against many warnings, entreaties, and chastisements, you have persisted init. Neither law nor gospel, providence nor conscience, has sufficed to turn you from your perverse ways. Your neck wouldnot bend before either the terrors or the mercies of God. You have heard sermons which seemed enough to melt the heart ofa stone, but you have been unmoved. You have seen others bowing themselves before the Lord Jesus Christ with holy joy, andyet you have done no such thing, but have been exceeding stout against the Lord of Hosts. Looking back upon the past also,you haveto confess great impudence in your dealing with God; your brow has been brass. You have gone direct from his house to sin. He claims but one day ina week to himself but you have robbed him of that. It may be you have used his name in common jests, if not worse; you havedared to employ it profanely; you have scoffed at his people; you have derided everything that has been good, and in lookingback you are obliged to confess that there are ten thousand reasons why God should not refrainfrom his anger, and overwhelming reasons why he should cut you off; but you cannot find so much as one single argumentwhy he should be pleased to spare and save you. Every man who is really brought to Christ is first stripped of all on whichhe placed reliance as a ground of hope, and made to see that in himself there is guilt deserving condemnation, and rebelliondemanding, punishment, but there is no quality which can enlist divine sympathy or secure, by its own excellence, divine regard.Inus, by nature, there are no beauties of character, no charms of virtue, or loveliness of conduct to win the Almighty heart.We were called 'transgressors from the womb,' and rightly were we named.

O awakened soul, where art thou this morning? I wish I could speak with thee face to face, and hear thee say, 'How can I expectdivine goodness to spare such a one as I am, for, in addition to all other sins, I have behaved very treacherously towards the Lord my God. Not long ago I was laid upon a sick bed, and then I repented, or thought I did, and I sought Godvery vehemently, and I vowed unto the Lord, that if I was raised up again, I would not rest till I hadsought his face. But I left my couch and my repentance died on my sick bed. No sooner had I recovered than I returnedto my sin, as a dog to his vomit, and as the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire. After this, how can I havethe face to go to God again? I lied unto him, I flattered him with my tongue, and my heart was not sound in his ways. My goodnesswas gone as the dew from the grass, or the meteor from the sky.' Yes, poor soul, this confession is true, and it proves, beyondall question, that no reason for mercy can be drawn from your past conduct when you have been under the rod. Why shouldyou be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more. Chastisement is lost upon you; your nature is hopeless; do what hemay with you, you will not turn unto the Lord.

Ah, and I think I hear you say, 'neither can I promise to God anything as to the future. I dare not say to him to-day, havemercy upon me, and then I will be very different from what I have been. No, my heart is too treacherous for me to trust it.I might sooner promise what the sea will be to-morrow, than pledge my future character. Changeful as the winds that blow fromevery quarter of the sky is my nature a fickle and false am I. I seem to-day resolved for good,to-morrow I may be resolved evil, and what I vowed to do most vehemently will never become fact. I dare not say that inthe future I can see any reason why God should have mercy upon me.' Oh, how glad my heart is when I can meet with a personwho confesses this to be his case. It is a very sad difficulty to be in, a very painful one, when the soul at last abandonsall arguments, extenuations, and apologies, and says, 'Lord, I am guilty, I stand at thy judgment-seat and I can say nothingbutguilty. Thou art clear when thou judgest, thou art just when thou condemnest, and if thou shouldst put on the black cap,and say, 'Prisoner at the bar, hast thou anything to say why sentence should not be speedily executed upon thee?' I couldnot even stammer out an apology, but must stand speechless before my judge.'

My lips, with shame, my sins confess

Against thy law, against thy grace:

Lord, should thy judgment grow severe,

I am condemn'd, but thou art clear.

Should sudden vengeance seize my breath,

I must pronounce thee just in death;

And, if my soul were sent to hell,

Thy righteous law approves it well.'

In the text I beg you specially to remark our second thought, namely, that God himself finds the reason for his mercy, and, O ye heavens hear it, and be astonished O earth, he finds it in himself. 'For my name's sake will I defer mine anger,and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.' Here is the drift of the thought'the Lord is a patientGod, and determines to make his patience glorious. When all was darkness the Lord said, 'Letthere be light!' and light was;'thus he glorified his power. When all was chaos Jehovah brought fair order out of grimconfusion, and so glorified his wisdom. So in the sinner's case the Lord sees a wretch who has provoked him to his face forthirty, forty, fifty, sixty, perhaps seventy or eighty years, and as the Lord desires an opportunity to glorify his patience,he finds it ready to his hand. Having permitted that sinner to live when he scoffed at the gospel, scorned the atonement,andrejected the Redeemer, the Lord at length crowns his longsuffering by blotting out his sins, and forgiving all his misdeeds,whereat all creatures stand amazed, and men, and angels, and devils in astonishment cry out, 'Who is a God like unto thee,passing by transgression, iniquity, and sin?' Who but the God of boundless grace could have borne with such a provoking sinner,and then after all have taken him into his own bosom as his child.

God also would illustrate in the salvation of a sinner not only his patience, but his sovereign and abundant mercy towards sinners. If the Lord were to select this morning as the object of his grace some soul possessing merit, if such werethe case, if he were to choose some soul in whom there was a claim for pity (of course I am supposing an impossibility), thenthere would be little glory to his grace; but when, casting his divine eyes of compassion all round thisassembly, he selects a soul that is bad throughout, black without and black within, a soul that has laid soaking in sinlike the wool in the scarlet dye, till the color is ingrain, then he magnifies the glory of his grace. When he looks upona wretch who confesses either by his silence or by his tearful speech, that he deserves his wrath, and says, 'Thy sins whichare many are all forgiven thee: I have laid them on the Savior's head, go and sin no more, thy transgressions are blottedout, Ihave purchased thee unto myself by the death of my Son,' oh, then, how the sinner's heart melts with gratitude, love,and wonder in the presence of such a God. The Lord is loved much in that heart which feels that much has been forgiven; thusGod's glory begins to be known, and soon it spreads abroad; The neighbors and friends and kinsfolk of the pardoned penitentsay unto one another, 'Was it ever done after this sort before? Have you ever heard the like of this? Here is this man saved'thisman who lay at hell's dark door, and seemed only fit to be cast into the pit!' Oh, how the shouts go up to high heavenfrom the watchful angels who joy over penitents, 'Glory be unto almighty grace.'

Now, look thee, man, once more, God can, by saving such a one as thou art, not only glorify his patience and grace but displayhis power. It is evident that it is not an easy task to conquer thee. Thou hast been like Leviathan whose heart is hard as a stone;yea, as hard as a piece of the nether millstone. 'The sword of him that layeth at him cannot hold: the spear, the dart, northe habergeon; the arrow cannot make him see; he laugheth at the shaking of a spear.'Thou hast laughed at all men who would convince thee, and even the thunders of God's providence have not solaced to alarmthee; yet now the Lord intends to show what his Almighty grace can do. Now will he by a miracle of gracious power turn thelion to a lamb, the raven to a dove. The conversion of little sinners, if such there be, would but little honor him; but ifthey be desperately set on mischief there is room for the eternal and ever blessed God to display the glory of his name. Forhisname's sake will he do it; even for his own sake will he do it, that men may see what his patience, grace, and power canaccomplish. Truly the Lord's love does accomplish great moral wonders. Forgiveness even among men is often more potent thanpunishment. I have heard it related of a soldier at Woolwich, that he had frequently been drunk and disorderly; and, thoughhe had been very frequently imprisoned, and otherwise punished for his offenses, he was incorrigible. On one occasion he hadincurred the severe penalty of the lash, and expected to receive it. He had no excuse to offer, and did not pretend tomake any. He was sullen and obdurate. At last the commanding officer said to him, 'We cannot do anything with you; we haveimprisoned you; we have dogged you; yet we cannot improve you. There is only one thing we have never done with you, and thatwe are going to try; we forgive you.' The culprit broke down at once. Hard as he was, this new treatment overcame him. Thatword,'You are fully forgiven,' broke him down far more than the nine-thonged cat; he was never an offender again. Many a soulthat has been very obstinate against God, even to persecuting the followers of the Lord Jesus, when the Lord has by the HolySpirit said in his heart, 'I have loved thee with an everlasting love, I gave my Son to die for thee; I laid thy sins on him,and now I freely forgive thee, and take thee to be my child, my well-beloved.' Oh, the heart dissolves and the rebelliouswillsurrenders.

'I yield'by mighty love subdued,

Who can resist its charms?

And throw myself, by wrath pursued,

Into my Savior's arises.'

God grant that in many and many a case this may be true at this moment.

But, now, it may be that a soul here present is saying, 'Well, I can see that God can thus find a motive for mercy in himself,when there is none in the sinner, but why is it that the Lord is chastening me as he is?' Possibly you are sickly in body,have been brought low in estate, and are grievously depressed in mind. God now, in our text, goes on to explain his dealings with you, that you may not have one hard thought of him. It is true he has been smiting you,but it has been with a purpose and in measure. 'I have refined thee, but not with silver.' You have been put into thefurnace of affliction, but not,'note the 'but,'''but not with silver.' Now, when silver is refined it requires the most vehement heat of all metals. God has not brought uponyou the severest troubles. You have been chastised, but not as you might have been, nor as you deserved to have been. Youhave been made to suffer, but his strokes have been fewer than your crimesand lighter than your guilt. You are now bowed down and depressed, but you are not quite without some rays of hope, especiallynow that you have heard the glad sound of a free-grace gospel. You have been 'refined,' that was God's object, but the processhas been slight, it is 'not with silver.' The Lord has not dealt with you as men do with silver. What do they do with it?They put it into a fire that the dross may be consumed, and the silver may be made pure. Now, if you, poor sinner, had beenput into such a fire as that, you would have been utterly destroyed, for in you there was no silver at all. As you areby nature you are not at all like silver, and the heat of a silver furnace would quite consume you. True it is that now hisgrace has created a vein of silver in your heart, but he does not yet intend to put you to extreme tests, for your weak graceswould fail in the process. What he has sent to you has been with a view to awaken and to quicken, to take away yourself-confidence and false peace, and so in a measure to refine you; but he does not depend for the refinement of eitheryou or his people upon the furnace of affliction, he has other and more effectual modes of purification. The furnace of troubleis often used as a mode of refining, but after all it is only a means; the real refining fire is the Holy Ghost, the truepurification lies in the blood of him who sits as a refiner. Remember it is not said that trouble will purify the sons ofLevi;but 'HE is like a refiner's fire and like fuller's sope,' and 'he,' not with trouble but by himself, 'shall purify thesons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver.' Here suffering would only make a man more drossy; apart from divine graceaffliction has no good effect. If we are not sanctified by the Eternal Spirit when in the furnace of affliction, and if theprecious blood of Jesus be not applied to our soul, all the distress and grief in the world will not purify us. And so, poorsoul,God has wrought in your trouble, but he does not mean to continue to vex you until your soul is perfectly refined, forthat would be more than you could bear, even could it be possible. No, no, he will put away your sin by better means. Beholdthe precious blood! You have not to suffer for your sins, for Christ has suffered for them in thy stead. You are to be refined,but not by processes of a fiery character. Behold the sacred water from the river side of your Redeemer, for that will takeyour filthiness away. Behold the Eternal Spirit waiting to renew your soul'that will effectually remove your dross. TheSpirit has refined you, in a measure, by what you have suffered, by awakening and convincing you; but the true refining shallcome to you in another way, therefore be of good courage, thank God for what you have felt, but be not bowed down with abjectterror as though your trials would quite consume you. They shall be both mitigated in degree, and useful in result.

And now, notice the next thing: the Lord declares that the time of trial is the chosen season for revealing his love to you: 'I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.' This verse does not teach that God's choice of any man begins in time,or begins when he is under affliction. Oh, no, the choice of God is without beginning, it is eternal. God seeth the thingsthat shall be as though they were; everything is now with him. But it often happens that thetime in which God reveals his choice and manifests his electing love to a soul is when that soul is almost consumed withtrouble. And now, dear hearer, I must again picture thee, for my object is not to preach to the winds, but to preach rightinto thy soul; thou hast been brought very low of late, thou hast been like a field ploughed, harrowed, cross-ploughed, scarified;there is no rest to thee; and thou canst plead no reason why God should give thee rest. Thou art brought into abjectdistress of spirit. Now is the time when the Lord reveals his love to such as thou art. I never knew his love when I struttedabroad in the bravery of my selfrighteousness, and I never should have known it. I never heard him say 'I have chosen thee,'when I fared sumptuously every day at the table of my own self-sufficiency. I never heard him say, 'My son that was dead isalive again, he that was lost is found,' when I had still the gold in my purse and was spending my living riotously. But,Iwill tell you when I heard him say, 'I have chosen thee': it was when I came fresh from the swine-trough with my bellyaching because I could not fill it with husks, with my filthy rags about me, and my soul all sinking in despair; with no argumentupon my lip except this: 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.'Then for the first time I heard him say, 'I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.' It is when we are down to thevery lowest, when we are brought to bankruptcy and beggary spiritually, when we lie at Christ's feet as though we weredead, it is then he puts his hand upon us, and says, 'Fear not, I am the first and the last': it is then he anoints us withthe oil of joy, it is then he clothes us with the garments of salvation, it is then we hear the voice of eternal love, saying,'I have loved thee with an everlasting love, therefore with lovingkindness have I drawn thee.'

But note, once more, before I leave the sinner's case, that lest the soul should forget it, the Lord repeats again the point he began with, and unveils the motives of his grace once more. What is the eleventh verse but the echo of the ninth: 'For mine own sake,even for mine own sake, will I do it; for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another.' Godcannot save you, sinner, for your own sake, you are not worth the saving. If you arecast away upon the dunghill of oblivion for ever, it is as much as you deserve; you are not worthy of God's notice, youare a mere speck in his great universe, and having dared to sin against him, it is as fit that he should destroy you, as itis fit that a venomous reptile should be crushed beneath your foot. Yet the Lord declares that he will refrain from wrath.He will have mercy upon you, oh, broken heart, for his own sake; do you observe why it is 'for his own sake,' namely, thathis name'may not be polluted.' Now, suppose a sinner shall come to him and cry, 'Lord, I am a guilty soul, I have no merit toplead, but I appeal to thy mercy, I trust in thy love. Thou hast said that through Christ Jesus, thou wilt forgive sinners.Lord, I trust in thy dear Son. Save me for his sake. Now if he does not save you, we speak with reverence and bated breath,but we use his own words, his name will be 'polluted,' because then it will be said, 'Here is a soul that came to the Lord,and hecast it out, and yet he said, 'him that cometh unto me I will in no wise cast out.' Here is a poor sinner that restedon the love and mercy of God in Christ Jesus and yet was confounded, whereas, he promised that they that trust in the Lordshould never be confounded, nor ashamed, world without end.' I know this morning that my hope is fixed on Christ Jesus alone.If I am ever lost I shall be a soul in hell resting upon Christ, and do you think that can ever be? Will they not publishit in thestreets of Tophet; here is a soul that dared believe in Jesus, but Jesus repelled him as presumptuous. Here is a poorsoul who cried

'If I perish, I will pray,

And perish only there;'

and yet this soul is damned.' Why, surely such an one would be carried in triumph through the blazing streets of hell, andheld up as an insult to the God of mercy, as a proof that he had not kept his word. O soul, he will save you, for his ownsake, lest his name should be 'polluted,' for he is jealous of his name. He will never permit it to be truthfully said, evenby a devil, that he ever broke a promise, even to a devil. If you will go to him in Christ Jesus, thoughyou be all but damned already, and feel that your death warrant is signed; he will not, he cannot, reject you. Throw yourselfat the cross-foot, and say, 'Lord I believe, help thou mine unbelief;' and God will never tarnish his name by thy destruction.

And then, he adds, 'And I will not give my glory unto another.' But if a soul should perish while trusting in the blood ofChrist, the glory of God would go over to Satan. It would be proved that Satan had overcome the truthfulness of God, or thepower of God, or the mercy of God; that at last evil had proved more mighty than good, and sin had abounded over grace. Canit ever be that goodness shall find a difficulty which it cannot overcome, a Red Sea it cannot divide, ora Lebanon which it cannot climb? No, never, while God is God. Oh, that I had before me the biggest sinner that ever lived!I would like to look this morning into the face of a criminal who has piled up mountains on mountains of sins, defied hisGod, and derided the laws of his country; a ruffian red-handed with murder, and dripping with lust; for I would glory in sayingto him, 'All manner of sin and of blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men. Come but to God's arms through Jesus Christ his Son,and you shall find him a God ready to forgive, and abounding in lovingkindness. He retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delightethin mercy.'

I do not know how to preach the gospel more fully than I am now doing. I am laboring to set before downcast sinners an opendoor, and to show them how effectually grace has removed every hinderance out of the way, by basing its arguments of loveupon the name of God, and not upon the merit of the creature.

II. Thus much to the sinner; we shall now speak OF THE RECLAIMING OF THE BACKSLIDER.

Backsliding professor, your case is more evidently meant in the text even than that of the sinner, for God was speaking tohis own people Israel in these remarkable words. Now your crime, if any thing, is a more censurable one than that of the sinner.I can see no more reason why God should have mercy upon you than upon the ungodly, indeed, I see more reason for punishingyou, for you have made a profession and belied it. 'Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are calledby the name of Israel, which swear by the name of Jehovah, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth orin righteousness.' That is your character, you have taken Christ's name upon you, I cannot say altogether that you have beendeceived and a deceiver, but your actions look as if you have been, for you have gone aside from the faith, and turned asidefrom your Lord. You did know something of his love; and, unless awfully deceived, you once rested on the Lord Jesus. ShallIpublish abroad your guilt? How hath the much fine gold become dim! How hath the blazing sun of your profession been altogethereclipsed? You have transgressed in opposition to light and knowledge; you knew more than the sinner, and yet you have sinnedas he did; you knew something of the sweets of Christ's table, but you have joined yourself to the table of devils. And youhave been very perverse about it too, for providence has dealt sharply with you, but you would not come back to your God.Your neck has been an iron sinew, and your brow has been brass! Alas, how treacherously have you dealt with the Lord yourGod! No sin is so destructive to married love as that of adultery, yet the Lord puts the backslider's case on the same footing,in the third chapter of the book of Jeremiah. 'They say, if a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become anotherman's, shall he return unto her again? Shall not that land be greatly polluted? But thou hast played the harlot with manylovers; yet return again to me, saith the Lord.' Cavil not at the imagery for its coarseness, but rejoice in its matchlessgrace. Read on in that same chapter, from the twelfth verse to the end, and note the verse, 'Turn unto me, O backsliding children;for I am married unto you, saith the Lord.' But why should the Lord bid his chosen nation come back? Not because she deservedto be received again, not because in heaven, or earth, or hell, there could be found any reason why she should for herown sake be restored. Her sins said, 'Put her away, put her away; shall the holy God have anything to do with such anone as this?' Justice said, 'Put her away, the law demands it.' Holiness said, 'Put her away, how shall she come into God'shouse?' But, his infinite love replied, 'The Lord, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth putting away.' He will not hearof a divorce; and again he cries, 'Return, ye backsliding children, I am married unto you, saith the Lord.' Backslider, yousee thereis no reason for God's grace that can be found in your person or in your character, but it is found in the divine heart.I must go over the same ground again. 'For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee,that I cut thee not off.'

The Lord has a reason for not cutting off backsliders, and it is this'first, his many promises must be kept in which he hasdeclared that his chosen shall not perish, neither shall they utterly depart from him. Is not this the very tenor of the covenant?'If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; Thenwill I visit their transgressions with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Neverthelessmy lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.' His gifts and calling are withoutrepentance, irrevocable. It shall not be said that his promise was ever revoked or broken; he has made a covenant with ourLord Jesus, and that covenant is sealed with blood; know ye not the sum and substance of it? 'I will make an everlasting covenantwith them, that I will not turn away from then, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shallnot depart from me.' Thus the faithfulness of God to his promises would be questioned if any of his people finally apostatised.

God's grace is also interested in it; for if after all your provocations God were to say, 'I have given thee up, I will neverdeal with thee in grace again,' then it would be said that God's grace had a limit, that it could not abound over sin, andafter all was a mutable thing. Can it be that forgiving grace should punish the forgiven? That adopting grace could unchildthe child? That wrath should dismember the body of Christ, and mangle the Redeemer, to be avenged uponthe backslider? Oh, no, such is Jehovah's truth, that he will keep every promise to the letter; such is his grace, thathis people shall never sin to such an extent but what his grace will overtop it all; and such is his immutability, that thoughwe believe not, yet he abideth faithful, he cannot deny himself. Hath he said, and will he not do it; hath he commanded, andshall it not come to pass? Come back, backslider, God has not changed towards you; return at once to him. His heart is stillfull of love to you. Return unto him, for still doth he say, 'How can I set thee as Admah, how can I make thee as Zeboim?My repentings are kindled; I will not destroy him, for I am God and not man.' There is a free course for mercy to those whohave wandered furthest, when God finds a motive for grace in his own name and in his own praise. Why, do you not see, poortrembling backslider, that if God forgives you, and you once get to heaven, you will be among the heartiest of heaven'schoristers? I mean to sing the loudest of any if I ever enter the celestial seats, for I shall owe so much to the sweetlove and grace of God; but David and other great backsliders will also love most intensely. It is amazing grace which notonly saves at first, bet restores the wandering sheep after it has gone astray. Oh, you Christians who are kept by divinegrace walking with God, you have much to praise him for, you ought to bless him every day you live; but you who have fallenand goneaside, if the Lord brings you back you must henceforth render double diligence and sevenfold love. Henceforth you mustbe like the woman who broke the alabaster box over Christ's head, you must feel that you cannot do enough for that dear Lordand Savior who saw you in all your rebellions, and yet loved you. Loving you because he would love you; not because you werelovely, but because he would love you; not because you were deserving, but because he would love you. This ought to make youthevery choicest of Christians, this should place you in the front of the champions of the Lord in the day of battle.

Please to observe, that God having thus declared the reason of his love to the backslider goes on to tell him, that the presentsufferings which he is now enduring as the result of his backslidings should be mitigated. 'I have refined thee, but not withsilver; I have put thee into the fire, but I have not blown the heat to such an extreme degree that thy sin should be meltedfrom thee: that would be a greater heat than any soul could bear. I have refined thee, that wasneedful, but not as silver; that would have been destructive to thee.' Thou sayest, 'All that waves and billows have goneover me.' Not so; you know not what all God's waves and billows might be, for there is a depth infinitely lower than any youhave ever seen. The deeps of hell are far more horrible than anything you can imagine. If you are in the furnace to-day donot repine, do not say like Cain, 'My punishment is greater than I can bear,' but rather say, 'I will kiss the rod, and blessmyFather's name that he allows me to live at all, and now bids me to return to him. I will thank him for the rod; it isthe token of the Father's love to his child.'

Then comes his next word: 'I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction;' that is, as if he said, 'I will renew my electionof you.' It was never revoked, but now it shall be more manifestly declared. God has looked at you in prosperity and he hasseen you treacherously forgetting him. You prospered in business and you grew very worldly, God could see no beauty in yourface. You had your children about you, and your wife made you glad, and you lived almost withoutprayer, without reading the scriptures; God therefore hid his face from you. Now, however, your affairs are at a low ebband you begin again to pray; the neglected Bible is brought down again; now the seat that could be left unoccupied half theSabbath-day is always filled by you; now you begin saying, 'My God, my God, have mercy on me.' Hear this for your comfort,'theLord never thinks his children's faces more lovely than when they are slobbered with tears; when repentance defiles the facebefore men it beautifies it before God; when the eyes grow red with sorrow they are lovely unto the Lord. Do you beatupon your breast, and say, 'God be merciful to me a sinner,' then know, that no sound of tabor is so sweet to God as the soundof beaten breasts, no music hath more melody in it than the sigh of a broken heart.

Brethren, all of you, though you are not open backsliders, perhaps you may be worse than those who are. I know in my own soul,I never feel safe except when I stand as a sinner at the cross foot; and though I desire to grow in grace, and to be a saint,and would use language suitable to a child of God, and would not keep my hands off a single covenant privilege that belongsto me as one with Christ; yet, for all that, while I am in this flesh, I feel my happiest momentsare those lowly times when I feel that I am nothing, and that Jesus is my all in all. God chooses his people over againwhen he sees them contrite in the furnace of soul affliction. When he sees them how he loves them; when he sees them downhe lifts them up; when he sees them withered in themselves then he makes them flourish; when they are nothing his love iseverything. When they are swollen with pride and self-reliant, he turns his face away from them; but to his dear brokenheartedchildren, he is all kindness; and this is his reason, 'How shall my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory untoanother.' If one poor believer who is pining after Jesus' face were forgotten by him, his name would be polluted'where wouldbe his immutability? And then again, Satan would glory over that child of God and say, 'I have dragged a child of God downto hell!' Christ's blood would suffer dishonor, for it would be said that a soul was punished though Christ was punished initsstead, and that were to obliterate the atonement, and to make the substitution of Christ to be of none effect. If it couldonce be said, 'Here is a spirit that God justified, and yet condemned it,' where were God's immutability? There were no Godat all. He were a changeable being, and not Jehovah. If it could be said, 'Here is one that was espoused unto Christ in righteousness,a soul that was one with Jesus in vital union, yet he suffered this sheep of his flock to perish, this jewel of hiscrown to be cast away, this member of his body to rot into corruption, God's glory could be given to another, and he wouldnot be what he now is. Oh, beloved, let us to one and all, whether we be unsaved sinners or backsliders, or may suspect ourselvesto be either the one or the other, let us go to the dear fountain of his blood, whose open veins are the gates of healingto us; let us go again and touch the hem of his garment and be made whole, and together let us rejoice that he for hismercy's sake can save us, and magnify himself by the deed of mercy.

PORTION OF SCRIPTURE READ BEFORE SERMON'Isaiah 48 and 49:1-12.

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