Sermon 949. The Unconquerable King

(No. 949)

DELIVERED ON LORD'S-DAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 4, 1870,

BY C. H. SPURGEON,

AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.

"At the end of the days I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted up my eyes unto Heaven, and my understanding returned unto me, and I blessedthe Most High, and I praised and honored Him that lives forever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and His kingdomis from generation to generation: and all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and He does according to Hiswill in the army of Heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay His hand, or say unto Him, What do You?"Daniel 4:34,35.

NO one has ever numbered Nebuchadnezzar with the Prophets, or believed his language to be inspired. We have before us simplya statement made by an uninspired man, after passing through the most extraordinary experience. He had been among the greatestand proudest of men-he suddenly fell into the condition of a grass-eating ox, by losing his reason. And upon being restored,he acknowledged publicly the hand of the Most High. I should not have taken his language as my text if it had not happenedto be, as it is, a most correct and vigorous statement of sublime doctrines which are clearly stated by the Holy Spirit indifferent parts of Scripture.

It is a singular instance of how, when God comes to deal with men in afflicting Providences, He can make them clearly seemany great Truths concerning Himself, and can constrain them to express their convictions in identically the same way as theywould have done if His own Spirit had dictated the terms. There are certain parts of the Divine Character which even the unspiritualman cannot avoid seeing. And after passing through certain processes of suffering and humiliation, the man is compelled toadd his witness to the testimony of God's Spirit with regard to the Divine Character.

Every single word that Nebuchadnezzar here utters can be backed up and supported by undoubtedly inspired words of men sentof God to proclaim infallible Truth. We shall not, therefore, need to answer the objection that our text is simply the statementof Nebuchadnezzar-we grant that it is so-but we shall show as we proceed that Babylon's humbled monarch herein has spokenmost correctly and accurately-and in full accordance with the testimony of other parts of Scripture.

Before I conduct your minds to a close consideration of the text, I must make one remark. Many of you will very naturallysuppose that the chapter read during this service, the hymns and the sermon, were all intended to have reference to a certaingreat political event reported in the papers of last night [the surrender of Napoleon to the King of Prussia]. But pleaseobserve that your supposition will be unfounded, for my text was fixed upon yesterday morning, before any sort of news hadreached me, and the service would have been the same if that event had not occurred. So that anything strikingly suggestivein the choice of the passage may be looked upon, if you will, as denoting the guidance of God's Spirit, but must not be imputedto any intentional reference on my part.

We will now come first to consider the doctrinal instruction of the text. Secondly, we would learn the practical teachingof it. And thirdly, we would exhibit the spirit suitable after the contemplation of such a subject.

I. First, then, let us turn to the text, and consider THE DOCTRINAL INSTRUCTION here given to us. We have here plainly statedthe doctrine of the eternal Self-Existence of God. "I blessed the Most High, and I praised and honored Him that lives forever."If this word needed to be confirmed we would refer you to the language of John in the Book of the Revelation where we findhim describing, in the fourth chapter, at the ninth and tenth verses, the living creatures and the four and twenty eldersas giving glory and honor and thanks, "to Him that sat on the Throne, who lives forever and forever."

Better still, let us hear the witness of our own Redeemer, in the fifth of John's Gospel, at the twenty-sixth verse, whereHe declares that, "the Father has life in Himself." My Brethren, you need not that I marshal in array a host of confirmativepassages, for the eternal Self-Existence of God is taught throughout the Scriptures, and is implied in that name which belongsonly to the true God, Jehovah, "I Am that I Am," where, note that it is not "I was," which would imply that in some measureor respect He had ceased to be.

Nor is it "I will be," which would intimate that He is not now what He will be, but I AM, the only Being, the root of Existence,the Immutable, and Eternal One. "We," as a venerable Puritan observes, "have more of nothing than of being," but it is God'sprerogative to BE. He alone can say, "I am God, and beside Me there is none else." He declares, "I lift up My hands to Heaven,and say I live forever." He is the One only underived, Self-Existent, Self-Sustained Being. Let us know of a surety that theLord God whom we worship is the only Being who necessarily and from His own Nature, Exists.

No other being could have been but for His Sovereign will, nor could it continue were that will suspended. He is the onlylight of life, all others are reflections of His beams. There must be God, but there was no such necessity that there shouldbe any other intelligences. In all the future God must Be, but the necessity for the continuance of other spirits lies inHis will and not in the very nature of things. There was a time when the creatures were not. They came from Him as vesselsfrom the potter's wheel. They all depend upon Him for continuance, as the streamlet on the fountain from where it flows.

And if it were His will, they all would melt away as the foam upon the water. That immortality of spirits implied in suchpassages as Matthew 25:46, "These shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal," is the result of His own resolveto make spirits whose duration should be eternal. And though He will never withdraw the endowment of immortality which Hehas bestowed, yet the reason for eternal existence is not in the beings, but entirely in Himself, for essentially, "He onlyhas immortality"-

"He can create and He destroy." All that is, whether material or intellectual, if so it had pleased God to ordain, might havebeen as transient as a sunbeam and have vanished as speedily as the rainbow from the cloud. If anything now exists of necessity,that necessity sprang from God, and still depends upon the necessity of Divine Decree.

God is independent-the only being who is so. We must find food with which to repair the daily wastes of the body. We are dependentupon light and heat, and innumerable external agencies-and above all we are primarily dependent upon the outgoings of theDivine power towards us. But the I AM is Self-Sufficient and All-Sufficient-

"He sits on no precarious throne, Nor borrows leave to be."

He was as glorious before He made the world as He is now. He was as great, as blessed, as Divine in all His attributes beforesun and moon and stars leaped into existence as He is now. And if He should blot all out as a man erases the writing of hispen, or as a potter breaks the vessel he has made, He would be none the less the supreme and ever-blessed God.

Nothing of God's Being is derived from another, but all that exists is derived from Him. You hills and mountains, you seasand stars, you men and angels, you heavens and you Heaven of heavens-you minister nothing to Him who made you-you all standup together in existence flowing from your Creator. God ever lives in this respect, that He undergoes no sort of change. AllHis creatures must, from their constitution, undergo more or less of mutation. Of them all it is decreed, "They shall perish,but You shall endure: yes, all of them shall wax old like a garment. As a vesture shall You change them, and they shall bechanged: but You are the same, and Your years shall have no end."

Our life is made up of changes. From childhood we hasten to youth, from youth we leap to manhood, from manhood we fade intoold age. Our changes are as many as our days. "The creature" is, indeed, in our case, "made subject to vanity." Lighter thana feather, more frail than the flower of the field, brittle as glass, fleeting as a meteor, tossed to and fro like a ball,and quenched as a spark-"Lord, what is man?" There comes to us all in the time appointed the great and ultimate change whenthe spirit is separated from the body-to be followed by another in which the divided manhood shall be re-united. But withGod there are no changes of this or any other kind. Has He not declared, "I am God, I change not"?

God is essentially and evermore pure Spirit, and consequently undergoes no variableness nor shadow of a turning. Of none ofthe creatures can this be said. Immutability is an attribute of God only. The things created were once new-they are waxingold-they will become older still. But the Lord has no time, He dwells in eternity. There is no moment of beginning with theEternal, no starting point from which to calculate age. From of old He was the Ancient of Days, "from everlasting to everlastingYou are God."

Let your mind retreat as far as its capacities will allow into the remote past of old eternity, and there it finds Jehovahalone in the fullness of His glory. Then let the same thought flash forward into the far off future, as far as imaginationcan bear it, and there it beholds the Eternal, unchanged, unchangeable. He works changes and effects changes, but He Himselfabides the same. Brethren, let us worship Him with words like these-

"Your throne eternal ages stood, Before seas or stars were made. You are the Ever-Living God. Were all the nations dead. Eternitywith all its years, Stands present in Your view To You there's nothing old appears Great God! There's nothing new. Our livesthrough various scenes are drawn, And vexed with trifling cares, While Your eternal thought moves on Your undisturbed affairs."

That He lives forever is the result, not only of His essential and necessary Self-Existence, of His independence, and of Hisunchangeableness, but of the fact that there is no conceivable force that can ever wound, injure, or destroy Him. If we wereprofane enough to imagine the Lord to be vulnerable, yet where is the bow and where the arrow that could reach Him on HisThrone? What javelin shall pierce Jehovah's buckler? Let all the nations of the earth rise and rage against God, how shallthey reach His Throne? They cannot even shake His footstool.

If all the angels of Heaven should rebel against the Great King, and their squadrons should advance in serried ranks to besiegethe palace of the Most High, He has but to will it, and they would wither as autumn leaves, or consume as the fat upon thealtar. Reserved in chains of darkness, the opponents of His power would forever become mementos of His wrath. None can touchHim. He is the God that ever lives. Let us who delight in the living God bow down before Him, and humbly worship Him as theGod in whom we live and move, and have our being.

In our text we next find Nebuchadnezzar asserting the everlasting dominion of God. He says, "Whose dominion is an everlastingdominion, and His kingdom is from generation to generation." The God whom we serve not only exists, but reigns. No other positionwould become Him but that of unlimited Sovereign over all His creatures. "The most high God, possessor of Heaven and earthhas prepared His Throne in the heavens, and His kingdom rules over all." As David said so, we say also, "Yours O Lord, isthe greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the Heaven and in the earthis Yours. Yours is the kingdom, O Lord, and You are exalted as head above all." "The Lord sits upon the flood; yes, the Lordsits King forever."

The Lord is naturally the Ruler of all, but who shall pretend to rule over Him? He is not to be judged of man's finite reasonfor He does great things which we cannot comprehend. Amazing is the impertinence of man, when the creature dares to sit injudgment on the Creator! His Character is not to be impugned or called into question. Only the boundless arrogance of ourpride would so dare to insult the thrice holy God. "Be still, and know that I am God," is a sufficient reply to such madness.The Lord's place is on the Throne, and our place is to obey. It is His to govern, ours to serve-His to do as He wills, andours, without questioning, to make that will our constant delight. Remember, then, that in the universe God is actually reigning.

Never let us conceive of God as being infinitely great, but not exerting His greatness-infinitely able to reign-but as yeta mere spectator of events. It is not so. The Lord reigns even now. Though in one sense we pray, "Your kingdom come," yetin another we say, "Yours is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever and ever." The Throne of the universe is notvacant, nor its power in abeyance. God does not hold a bare title to kingship-He is actually King. The

government is upon His shoulders, the reins of management are in His hands. Even at this hour He speaks to the sons of men,"See now that I, even I, am He, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive. I wound, and I heal: neither is thereany that can deliver out of My hand."

Before your very eyes He has fulfilled His word. (Luke 1:51, 52.) Events appear to fly at random like the dust in the whirlwind, but it is not so. The rule of the Omnipotent extends overall things at all times. Nothing is left to its own chance happening, but in wisdom all things are governed. Glory be untothe Omnipresent and Invisible Lord of All!

This Divine kingdom appeared very plainly to the once proud monarch of Babylon, to be an everlasting one. The reign of theEver-Living extends as other kingdoms cannot, "from generation to generation." The mightiest king inherits power and soonyields his scepter to his successor. The Lord has no beginning of days nor end of years-predecessor or successor are wordsinapplicable to Him. Other monarchies stand while their power is not subdued, but in an evil hour a greater power may crushthem down. There is no greater power than God-there is no other power but that which proceeds from God, for, "God has spokenonce; twice have I heard this. That power belongs unto God." Therefore His monarchy cannot be subdued, and must be everlasting.

Dynasties have passed away, dying out for lack of heirs, but God the Ever-Living asks none to succeed Him and to perpetuateHis name. Internal corruptions have often blasted empires which stood aloft like forest trees, defiant of the storm-at thecore the tree was rotten, and before long, weakened by decay-it tottered to its fall. But the infinitely Holy God has no injustice,error, partiality, or evil motive in the government of His affairs-everything is arranged with spotless holiness, unimpeachablejustice, unvarying fidelity, untarnished truth, amazing mercy, and overflowing love. All the elements of His kingdom are mostconservative, because radically right. There is no evil leaven in the council chamber of Omniscience, no corruption on theJudgment Seat of Heaven. Therefore, "His Throne is established in righteousness." Because His Throne is holy we rejoice thatit can never be moved.

Pause here, dear Hearer, and let your soul's eye behold again this view of things. God has reigned from the first day, Godshall reign when days are gone. Everywhere He is the reigning God-reigning when Pharaoh said, "Who is Jehovah, that I shouldobey Him?" as much as when Miriam took her timbrel, and said, "Sing unto the Lord, for He has triumphed gloriously." He wasreigning when Scribe and Pharisee, Jew and Roman, nailed His Only Begotten Son to the Cross, as much as when the angelic cohortsshouted in triumph, "Lift up your heads, O you gates, and be you lift up, you everlasting doors, that the King of Glory maycome in."

He is reigning amid all the calamities which sweep the globe as much as He shall be in the halcyon days of peace. Never isthe Throne vacant, never is the scepter laid aside. Jehovah is always King, and shall be King forever and forever. Oh, happysubjects, who have such a Throne to look to! Oh, blessed children, who have such a King to be your Father! You, as a royalpriesthood, may feel your royalties and your priesthoods both secure for this unconquerable King sits securely on His Throne.Your monarch has not yielded up His sword to a superior foe. You have not to search for another leader. In the Person of Hisdear Son He walks among our golden candlesticks, and holds our stars in His right hand. He keeps Israel, and never slumbersnor sleeps.

But we must hasten on. Nebuchadnezzar, humbled before God, uses, in the third place, extraordinary language with regard tothe nothingness of mankind. "All the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing." This is Nebuchadnezzar, but his wordsare confirmed by Isaiah, "Behold the nations are as a drop of a bucket," the unnoticed drop which remains in the bucket afterit has been emptied into the trough, or the drip which falls from it as it is uplifted from the well-a thing too inconsiderableto be worthy of notice. "And are counted as the small dust of the balance." As the dust which falls upon scales, but is notsufficient to affect the balance in any degree whatever.

"Behold, He takes up the isles as a very little thing." Whole archipelagos He uplifts as unconsidered trifles. This triplekingdom of ours He reckons not only to be little, but "a very little thing." The vast island of Australia, the gems of thePacific, the nations of the Southern Ocean, all these He handles as children lift their toys. "All nations before Him areas nothing. And they are counted to Him less than nothing, and vanity." So if Nebuchadnezzar goes far, Isaiah, inspired ofthe Spirit, goes farther. The one calls the nations "nothing," and the other "less than nothing," and "vanity."

You will find the passage in the fortieth of Isaiah, at the fifteenth and seventeenth verses. Now mark the force of each word,"all the inhabitants of the earth," not some of them only, not the poor ones among them, but the rich, the kings, the wise,the philosophers, the priests-all put together-"are as nothing." What an assembly would there be if all the

nations could be gathered together! An impressive spectacle rises before my vision! One had need possess an eagle's wing merelyto pass over the mighty congregation. Where could a plain be found which could contain them all? Yet all of them, says thetext, are, "as nothing."

Now, observe they are so in themselves, for concerning all of us who are gathered here it is certain that there was a timewhen we were not-we were then in very deed "nothing." At this very moment, also, if God wills it, we may cease to be, andso in a step return to nothing. We are nothing in ourselves, we are only what He chooses to allow us to be, and when the timecomes and it will be a very short time, so far as this world is concerned, we shall be nothing. All that will remain of usamong the sons of men will be some little hillock in a cemetery or a country Churchyard, for we shall have no part in anythingwhich is done under the sun.

Of what account at this day, my Brethren, are all the antediluvian millions? What are the hosts of Nimrod, of Shishak, ofSennacherib, of Cyrus? What reeks the world of the myriads who followed the march of Nebuchadnezzar, who obeyed the beck ofCyrus, who passed away before the eye of Xerxes? Where are the generations which owned the sovereignty of Alexander, or thelegions which followed and almost adored the eagles of the Caesars? Alas, even our grandsires, where are they? Our sons forewarnus that we must die. Have they not been born to bury us? So pass the generations like the successive series of forest leaves.And what are they but at their best estate, "altogether vanity?"

The nations are nothing in comparison with God. As you may place as many ciphers as you like together, and they all make nothing,so you may add up as many men, with all their supposed force and wisdom, as you please, and they are all nothing in comparisonwith God. He is the Unit. He stands for All in All, and comprehends all. And all the rest are but so many valueless cipherstill His Unity makes them of account. Here let me remind you that every man who is spiritually taught of God is made to feelexperimentally on his own account his own utter nothingness. When his inner eye, like that of Job, beholds the Lord, he abhorshimself, he shrinks into the earth, he feels he cannot contrast or compare himself with the Most High even for a single second.

"Great God, how infinite are You! What worthless worms are we!" is the verse which naturally leaps to the lip of any man whoknows himself and knows his God.

Spiritually, our nothingness is very conspicuous. We were nothing in our election-"You have not chosen Me, but I have chosenyou." "The children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to electionmight stand, not of works, but of Him that calls." "It is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that showsmercy." We were nothing in our redemption. We contributed nothing to that price which Jesus paid-"I have trod the winepressalone. And of the people there was none with Me." We are nothing in our regeneration-can the spiritually dead help the blessedGod to quicken them? "It is the Spirit that quickens, the flesh profits nothing." "We are His workmanship, created anew inChrist Jesus." We shall, when we get to Heaven, make it part of our adoration to confess that we are less than nothing andvanity, but that God is All in All. Therefore shall we cast our crowns at His feet, and give Him all the praise forever andever.

"The inhabitants of the earth are as nothing." It is a wonderful expression, and you see I do not attempt to expound it orany part of the text. I rather repeat words of the same meaning with the text by way of illustration. Before me is a greatdeep, and who shall fathom it? I would not darken counsel by words without knowledge. If there were an ant's nest somewherein a farmer's estate and suppose he had ten thousand acres of land. That ant's nest would bear some portion, though a verysmall one, to the ten thousand acres of land. It could not be so strictly said to be as nothing as the whole world can whencompared with God.

This round earth bears a very insignificant proportion to the vast creation of God, even to that which is revealed to us bythe telescope. And we have reason to believe that all which can be seen with the telescope-if indeed it is a mass of worlds,and all inhabited-is but as a pin's prick compared with the city of London, to the far-reaching universe. If it is so, andyour mind were capable of compassing the entire creation of God, yet it would be only as a drop of a bucket compared withGod Himself who made it all, and could make ten thousand times ten thousand as much, and then be but at the beginning of Hispower.

This world, then, bears no such proportion to the Lord as an ant's nest to the estate of ten thousand acres. Now if the farmerwishes to till the soil, it is not at all probable that he will take any cognizance whatever of that ant's nest in

the arrangement of his affairs. And in all probability will overturn and destroy it. This proves the insignificance of theemmet, and the greatness of man as compared with ants. But as it involves a degree of forgetfulness or overlooking on thefarmer's part, the ants are great enough to be forgotten-but the nations are not great enough even for that. If it were possiblefor the farmer to arrange without difficulty all his plans so that without disturbing his proceedings, every bird, emmet,and worm should be cared for in his scheme, how great then would he be compared with the ants!

And this is just the case with the Lord-He so arranges all things that apparently without effort the government of Providenceembraces all interests, wrongs none, but yields justice to all. Men are so little in the way of God that He never finds itnecessary to perpetrate an injustice even on a single man, and He has never caused one solitary creature to suffer one unnecessarypang. Herein is His greatness, that it comprehends all littleness without a strain-the glory of His wisdom is as astonishingas the majesty of His power, and the splendors of His love and of His Grace are as amazing as the terror of His Sovereignty.He may do what He wills, for none can stop Him. But He never wills to do in any case anything that is unjust, unholy, unmerciful,or in any way inconsistent with the perfection of His matchless Character. Here let us pause, and worship. I at least mustdo so. For my soul's eyes ache, as though I had been gazing at the sun.

We turn now to the next sentence, which reveals the Divine power at work sovereignly. "He does according to His will in thearmy of Heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth." This is easy to understand in reference to the celestial host, forwe know that God's will is done in Heaven-we devoutly pray that it may yet be done on earth after the same fashion. The angelsfind it their Heaven to be obedient to the God of Heaven. Under the term, "army of Heaven," is comprehended fallen angelswho were once numbered with that band, but were expelled from Heaven for their rebellion.

Devils unwillingly, but yet of necessity, fulfill the will of God. "Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did He in Heaven, andin earth, in the seas, and all deep places." When we read in the text that on earth God's will is done, we see that it isso in a measure among the righteous whose renewed hearts seek after God's glory. But the Truth goes further, for that willis also accomplished in the unrighteous, and by those who know Him not. Yes, in those whose will is determined to oppose Him-butin some way unknown to us the will of God is still achieved (Prov. 19:21; Acts 4:27, 28.)

I can understand a man taking so many pieces of wood and arranging them just as he pleases, nor can I see any very remarkableskill in so doing. But the miracle of Divine Glory lies in this-that He has made men free agents, has endowed them with awill with which He never interferes except according to the laws of mind. That He leaves them absolutely free to do what theywill, and they will universally of themselves to do contrary to His will. And yet, such is the magnificent strategy of Heaven,such is the marvelous force of the Divine mind, that despite everything, the will of God is done!

Some have supposed that when we believe with David, in Psalm 65, that God has done whatever He has pleased, we deny free agency, and of necessity moral responsibility also. No, but we declarethat those who would do so are tinctured with the old captious spirit of him who said, "Why does He yet find fault, for whohas resisted His will?" And our only answer is that of Paul, "No, but O man, who are you that replies against God?" Can youunderstand it, for I cannot- how man is a free agent, a responsible agent, so that his sin is his own willful sin and lieswith him and never with God- and yet at the same time God's purposes are fulfilled, and His will is done even by demons andcorrupt men?

I cannot comprehend it, but without hesitation I believe it, and rejoice to do so. I never hope to comprehend it. I worshipa God I never expect to comprehend. If I could grasp Him in the hollow of my hand, I could not call Him my God. And if I couldunderstand His dealings so that I could read them as a child reads his spelling book, I could not worship Him. But becauseHe is so infinitely great I find Truth here, Truth there, Truth multiform. And if I cannot compress it into one system-I knowit is all clear to Him-and I am content that He should know what I know not.

It is mine today to adore and obey-by-and-by when He sees fit I shall know more and adore better. It is my firm belief thateverything in Heaven, and earth, and Hell will be seen to be, in the long run, parts of the Divine Plan. Yet never is Godthe Author or the accomplice of sin-never is He otherwise than the Hater of sin and the Avenger of unrighteousness. Sin restswith man, wholly with man, and yet by some strange overruling force, Godlike and mysterious, like the existence of God, Hissupreme will is accomplished. Observe how the two truths combine in practice, and are stated in the same verse in referenceto our Lord's crucifixion, in Acts 2:23-"Him, being delivered by the determinate council and foreknowledge of God, you have taken, and by wicked hands have crucifiedand slain."

Now, to deny this Truth because we cannot understand it, were to shut ourselves out of a great deal of important knowledge.Brethren, if God does not rule everywhere, then something rules where He does not, and so He is not Omnipresent supreme. IfGod does not have His will, someone else does, and so far that someone is a rival to God. I never deny the free agency ofman, or diminish his responsibility, but I dare never invest the free will of man with Omnipotence, for this were to makeman into a sort of God, an idolatry to be loathed.

Moreover, admit chance anywhere, and you have admitted chance everywhere, for all events are related and act on one another.One cog of the wheel of Providence disarranged or left to Satan, or man's absolute freedom apart from God, would spoil thewhole machinery. I dare not believe even sin itself to be exempt from the control of Providence, or from the overruling dominionof the Judge of all the earth. Without Providence we were unhappy beings. Without the universality of the Divine power, Providencewould be imperfect, and in some points we might be left unprotected and exposed to those evils which are, by this theory,supposed to be beyond Divine control. Happy are we that it is true, "the Lord does as He wills in the army of Heaven, andamong the inhabitants of the earth."

Let us now consider the fifth part of the text-"None can stay His hand, or say unto Him, What do you?" I gather from thisthat God's fiat is irresistible and unimpeachable. We are told by some annotators that the original has in it an allusionto a blow given to a child's hand to make him cease from some forbidden action. None can treat the Lord in that manner. Nonecan hinder Him, or cause Him to pause. He has might to do what He wills. So also says Isaiah-"Woe unto him that strives withhis Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashions it, What makeyou? Or your work, He has no hands?"

Man is powerless, then, to resist the fiat of God. Usually he does not know God's design, although he blunderingly thinkshe does-often in opposing that apparent design he fulfils the secret design of God against his will. If man did know God'sdesign, and should set himself with all his might against it, yet as the chaff cannot resist the wind, as it is not possiblefor the wax to resist the fire, so neither can man effectually resist the absolute will and Sovereign good pleasure of theMost High. Only here is our comfort-it is right that God should have this might, because He always uses His might with strictestrectitude. God cannot will to do anything unjust, ungenerous, unkind, ungod-like.

No laws bind Him as they bind us, but He is a Law to Himself. There is, "You shall," and, "You shall not," for me, for you-butwho shall put, "You shall," to God, or who shall say, "You shall not"? Who shall attempt to be legislator for the King ofkings? God is Love. God is Holiness. God is the Law. God is Love, and doing as He wills, He wills to love. God is Holy, anddoing as He wills, He wills holiness, He wills Justice, He wills Truth. And though there were raised a thousand questionsas to how is this just? How is that loving? How is that wise? The one sufficient answer is-

"God is His own interpreter And He will make it plain."

O sons of men, it is not for me to solve the enigmas of the Infinite, he shall explain Himself. I am not so impertinent asto be His apologist, He shall clear Himself. I am not called to vindicate His Character. "Shall not the Judge of all the earthdo right?" What folly to hold up a candle to show the brightness of the sun! How much more foolish to attempt to defend thethrice holy Jehovah! Let Him speak for Himself if He will deign to contend with you. If you do but hear His thunders, howyou tremble! When His lightning sets the heavens on fire, how amazed you are! Stand forth, then, and question Him if you dare.

If you are at sea in a storm, when every timber of your vessel creaks, when the mast is broken, when the mariners staggerlike drunken men, when overhead is the horrible tempest, and the thundering voice of God in the tempest, and all around youthe howling winds, then cease your caviling, and cry unto Him in your trouble. Act, then, this day as you would do in sucha case, for you are equally in His hands. (Psalm 99:1, 5; 1OO:3, 4). Thus have I tried to set forth the doctrine of the text.

II. Now, very briefly, consider its PRACTICAL INSTRUCTION. I think the first lesson is how wise to be at one with Him! AsI bowed before the majesty of this text in my study, I felt within my soul, "Oh, how I long to be perfectly at one with thisinfinitely mighty, glorious and holy God. How can I dare to be His enemy?" I felt then if I had not yielded before, I mustyield now, subdued before Him. I would that any of you who are not doing His will would give up your hopeless rebellion. Heinvites you to come. He might have commanded you to depart. In His infinite Sovereignty He has appointed Christ Jesus to bethe Savior of men. Come and accept that Savior by faith.

How encouraging this is to those who are at one with God! If He is on our side, who shall be against us? "The Lord of Hostsis with us, the God of Jacob is our refuge." We ought to be of the same mind as that believing woman who, during an earthquake,was observed to be very happy. Everybody else was afraid-houses were falling, towers were rocking, but she

smiled. And when they asked her why, she replied, "I am so glad to find that my God can shake the world. I believed He could,and now I see that He can."

Be glad that you have One to trust in to whom nothing is impossible, who can and will achieve His purposes. My heart feelsthat she would give Him the power if He had it not, and if it were all mine. I would leave all power in His hands even ifI could remove it. "Great God, reign You supremely, for there is none like unto You." "The Lord reigns; let the earth rejoice.Let the multitude of isles be glad thereof." How joyful this thought ought to be to all holy workers! You and I have enlistedon the side of God and of His Christ, and, though the powers against us seem very strong, yet the invincible King will surelyput them to rout before long.

Romanism, idolatry, infidelity-these all appear mighty things. And so seem those pots fresh from the potter-a child thinksthem to be stone. But when the Lord Jesus smites them with the rod of iron, see how the potsherds fly! This shall He do beforelong. He will lift the might of His terrible arm and bring down His iron rod! Then shall it be seen that the Truth of Godas it is in Jesus must and shall prevail.

How this should help you that suffer! If God does it all, and nothing happens apart from God, even the wickedness and crueltyof man being still overruled by Him, you readily may submit. How graciously and with what good face can you kiss the handwhich smites you! The husband is gone to Heaven, God took him. The property has melted, God has permitted it. You were robbed,you say-well, think not so much of the second cause, look to the great first cause. You strike a dog, he bites the stick.If he were wise, he would look at you who use it.

Do not look at the second cause of the afflictions, look to the great first cause. It is your God who is in it all, your FatherGod, the Infinitely good. Which would you desire to have done on earth, your will or God's will? If you are wise, you say,"Not my will, but Yours be done." Then accept the ways of Providence. Since God appoints them, accept them with grateful praise.Herein is true sacrifice to God when we can say, "Though He slay me, yet will I trust in Him." We have received good at Hishands, and we have blessed Him-heathen men and publicans might have done that. But if we receive evil and still bless Him,this is Divine Grace, this is the work of His Holy Spirit!

If we can bow before His crushing strokes, and feel that if the crushing of us by the weight of His hand will bring Him honor,we are content. This is true faith. Give us Grace enough, O Lord, never to fail in our loyalty, but to be Your faithful servantseven to sufferings' bitterest end. Oh, to have the mind thus subjected to God! Some kick at the doctrine of Divine Sovereignty,but I fear it is because they have a rebellious, unhumbled spirit. Those who feel obedient to God cannot have God cried uptoo much, cannot yield Him too absolute an authority. Only a rebellious child in a house wishes the father to be tied by rulesand regulations. No, my Father must do right, let Him do what He wills!

III. What is THE RIGHT SPIRIT in which to contemplate all this? The first is humble adoration. We do not worship enough, myBrethren. Even in our public gatherings we do not have enough worship. O worship the King! Bow your heads now-bow your spirits,rather, and adore Him that lives forever and ever. Your thoughts, your emotions-these are better than bullocks and he-goatsto be offered on the altar-God will accept them. Worship Him with lowliest reverence, for you are nothing, and He is All inAll. Next let the spirit of your hearts be that of unquestioning acquiescence. He wills it! I will do it or I will bear it.God help you to live in perfect resignation.

Next to that, exercise the spirit of reverent love. Do I tremble before this God? Then I must seek more Grace that I may loveHim as He is. Not love Him when my thoughts have diminished Him of His splendor, and robbed Him of His Glory, but love Himeven as an absolute Sovereign, for I see that sovereignty exercised through Jesus Christ, my Shield and His Anointed. Letme love my God and King, and be a courtier, happy to be admitted near His Throne, to behold the light of the Infinite Majesty.

Lastly, let our spirit be that of profound delight. I believe there is no doctrine to the advanced Christian which containssuch a deep sea of delight as this. The Lord reigns! The Lord is King forever and ever! Why, then all is well! When you getaway from God, you get away from peace. When the soul dives into Him, and feels that all is in Him, then she feels a calmdelight, a peace like a river, a joy unspeakable. Strive after that delight this morning, my Beloved, and then go and expressit in your songs of praise.

If you are alone this afternoon, any of you, and not engaged in service, be sure to bless and magnify your God. Lift up yourhearts in His praise, for "whoso offers praise glorifies God." May the Lord bring us all, through faith in Jesus Christ, intoharmony with this ever-blessed and ever-living God, and unto Him be praise and glory forever and forever. Amen.

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