Sermon 874. The Overflowing Cup

A sermon

(No. 874)

Delivered on Sunday Morning, JUNE 6, 1869, by


At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington

"My cup runs over."- Psalm 23:5.

THE fault of being too happy, if it exists anywhere, must be a very scarce one. A far more prevalent vice is that of dwellingupon the dark shades of life, to the forgetfulness of its brighter lights. We drink our wormwood in ostentatious publicity,but eat our honey behind the door. It is noteworthy that if a man's life is prosperous, it glides away rapidly and leaveslittle trace upon his memory. We write sorrows in marble and mercies in the sand! The history of nations becomes dull andunromantic when it flows happily, so that it has been wisely written, "Blessed is that nation which has no history."

When affliction comes, there is an event to mark, a notch to be scored on the tally-war, famine, pestilence-these are landmarksof history. But when nations continue in an even flow of peace, history is like a vast unbroken dead level. Our mind tenaciouslyretains the remembrance of its sorrow, but human nature is so constitutionally ungrateful as to forget its mercies withoutan effort. How much of the staple of our conversation consists in complaint! It is so cold for the season, it is so intolerablyhot-there is too much drought, or the rain is perfectly awful. Business is shocking The young wheat is turning yellow forwant of dry weather, or the turnips are just good for nothing for lack of rain.

We are great experts in discovering reasons for murmuring-like ill-humored curs, we bark at everything or nothing. And I supposeif we should fail to discover any reasons for discontent, we should think it quite sufficient cause for utter weariness ofthis mortal life. More or less we are all bitten with this madness. It comes so natural to us to detail our grievances andhardships, and only by mere accident, or as a conscientious duty, do we relate the story of the Lord's goodness towards us.

Come, my Brothers and Sisters, let us see if we cannot touch a sweeter string this morning. Let us lay aside the tromboneand try the dulcimer. With Christians, a cheerful carriage should be the rule. Of all the men that live, we are the most fittedto rejoice. We have the most reasons for it and the most precepts for it-let us not fall behind in it. Heaven is our portionand the thoughts of its amazing bliss should cheer us on the road. Christ has given to us such large and wide domains of Graceand glory that it would be altogether unseemly that there should be poverty of happiness where there is such an affluenceof possession.

In considering our own portion, which must be a blessed one, since "the Lord is the portion of our inheritance and of ourcup," let us see if we cannot find themes for song and abundant cause to stir all that is within us to magnify the Lord.

I. Our privileged lot is described in the text as a cup and a view of that happy portion will, I trust, be suggestive of gratitude.I shall invite you, in the first place, TO SURVEY YOUR PRIVILEGED PORTION. You have a cup. There is no small privilege impliedin the use of such a term as that to describe your lot. Remember you were once, (and not so long ago but what your memorymay well carry you back to it), wandering in a dry and thirsty land where there was no water. Hungry and thirsty, your soulfainted within you. You hastened to the broken cisterns, but they held no water.

All your former confidences were as deceitful brooks which fly before the hot breath of summer. The wells of pleasure wereempty and you were in a parched land where hope smiled not. Your former delights proved to be but a mirage, fair to look upon,but unsubstantial as a dream. You crouched at the foot of Sinai and even presumptuously attempted to climb its ragged sides-butyou failed to find a drop of water there. Do you remember when Christ said to you-

"Behold, I freely give Living water, thirsty one, Stoop down and drink and live"? Oh, what a change for you! You thirst nolonger, for within your soul Jesus has an ever-springing well of living water. You believe in Him and all the cravings ofyour nature are supplied. Think of the full cup which Jesus holds to

your lips-contrast it with your former poverty when you were ready to perish in despair-and rejoice this morning that youhave a royal cup to drink of which will never fail you. Time was, too, when you were in something more than need-you werein a degradation whose remembrance crimsons your cheek. Your riotous living ended in a mighty famine and you gladly wouldhave filled your belly with the husks that swine did eat.

A trough was then far more your portion than a cup. Many of us recollect with shame and confusion of face, to what excessof riot we ran. And wonderful, indeed, it is that the cup of a holy God should be at our lips! In many cases blasphemy defiledthe lips and lasciviousness polluted the body. But we are washed, renewed, sanctified, by God's Divine Grace, and now, withrags removed and a fair white robe girt about our loins, we are permitted to sit at the table of the banquet where music anddancing make glad the heart and the wines on the lees well-refined refresh the guests.

From such need to such abundance, from such shame to such honor, what a change! Our portion is no longer that of the forlornor the degraded. We do not pine in despair or wallow in pollution, but we sit as children at the table, drinking with joyfrom our allotted cup. Remember too, Beloved, and the contrast will, I hope, inflame your gratitude, that another cup wasonce set at our place at the table and of it we should have been compelled to drink had it not been for the interpositionof the Surety of the Covenant.

That deep and direful cup of the Lord's wrath, into which He wrings out the wormwood and the gall till its bitterness is beyonddegree, was once ours. Of that black cup you and I must have been made to drink forever and ever- for we could never haveemptied it-but must eternally have been filled with the horror and amazement which are its dregs. Now, as we showed you lastLord's-Day morning [CHRIST MADE A CURSE FOR US, NO. 873] our Divine Redeemer has drained that cup on our behalf, for He wasmade a curse for us and now we have to bless God that our portion is not with the wicked whom the Lord shall destroy, butwith the chosen whom the Lord accepts in the Beloved.

Ours is not the cap of damnation, but the cup of salvation-not the vial of wrath, but the flagon of consolation. We have nothingto do with that cup, the dregs whereof "all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out and drink them," but ours is a goldengoblet which to the last drop is full of bliss and immortality. From the depths of condemnation to our present standing inthe heavenly places in Christ Jesus, what a change! As we think of the portion of our inheritance this morning, how shallwe sufficiently admire that amazing love which brought us from the jaws of gaping Hell and set our standing on a rock at thevery gates of Heaven?

To make this cup, which represents our present privileged position, stand out yet more brightly before you, let me now speakof it at length. The intention of the Psalmist was to picture himself as a favored guest in the house of the Lord. When youare entertained in an Oriental house, a portion of meat is served out for you which constitutes your mess or portion. To highlyesteemed and welcomed guests, a further honor is given-oil is poured upon the head. And yet further, a certain cup is placedbefore the favored one containing the portion which he is to drink.

Now David felt himself to be not a beggar knocking at the door of mercy, receiving a crust and a sip by the way, but he feltthat he had been received by the great Master of the feast and permitted to sit down to receive the supply of all his necessitiesand, what was more, to receive of the luxuries of the feast as one who was thoroughly and heartily welcomed to all that wasprovided. Brothers and Sisters, a little while ago you and I were among the blind and the halt and the lame lurking in thehedges and the highways, far off from the heavenly banquet-but Eternal Mercy has brought us, by living faith, to sit downat the feast which Mercy has prepared.

This day ours is the lot of those who are saved! Ours is a portion with the justified! We sit at the table, this day, withAbraham, with Isaac and with Jacob-having been made children and heirs of God, even as they were. We participate in the pardon,the justification and the security which God gave to his saints in the olden times and which Christ clearly revealed to HisApostles in the latter days. All heavenly things are ours! We are denied none of the luxuries of the banquet of mercy. Whateverbelonged to any child of God belongs to us! Whatever was enjoyed by the brightest of the saints may be enjoyed by us, if byfaith we are sitting at the table of Divine Grace!

This day we are no more strangers and foreigners, no more excluded and shut out-we are brought near by the blood of Jesusand our portion today is like that of the ewe lamb which ate of its master's bread and drank from his cup. In David's useof the term, "cup," far more is included, for I take it he refers to accepted worship. In some of the rites of the Jewishlaw, you will remember that after the sacrifice the worshippers and the priest together sat down and partook of the remainderof the thank offering. God had received His portion of the meat offering. Then the drink offering was poured or laid uponthe altar, and then the worshipper, himself, in token of God's acceptance, was permitted to eat and drink of the same.

Now, Beloved, at this moment every Believer here is accepted in the Beloved. That precious Christ, who has satisfied God onour behalf, has now become our satisfaction, too. He who offered Himself to God an offering of a sweet smell, has become tous our meat, indeed, and our drink, indeed-what God feeds upon, we feed upon, too. As He feels an intense satisfaction inthe life, and work and death of His dear Son, we find the very same kind of satisfaction after our measure and degree. Isit not most delightful to think that it is a part of my life's privilege, as a child of God, to live as an accepted worshipper,dear to the heart of God? It is a high joy to know that my prayers and praises, my soul's high desires to honor her God, hersighs, her tears and her works, are all accepted of God. Oh, greatly blessed is that life which is thus honored! He has madeus priests unto God and we drink from the bowls before the altar with holy joy and reverent exultation.

But by the cup was meant yet more than loving entertainment and sacrificial acceptance, for the Psalmist, in the 116th Psalm,at the 13th verse, speaks of taking the "cup of salvation." Such a heavenly cup belongs to every Believer throughout the world!It is a part of your heritage this day, Beloved, that your sins are forgiven. That you are justified through the righteousnessof Christ. That you are saved from the wrath of God-so saved as to be preserved in future and to be ultimately brought intothe kingdom and the Glory. You have, at this hour, salvation as your portion! Some of God's people only hope that they aresaved. Such can scarcely sing that their cup runs over. Others conceive that they are saved for the present, but are not therebysaved eternally.

Oh, but those who have come to know that God never plays fast and loose with us! That if He has saved us once, our salvationis secured beyond all risk. That the love of God is everlasting love and cannot be removed. That the blood of Jesus Christdoes not in part redeem, but effectually redeems-those, I say, who have come to understand the fullness, the infinity, theimmutability, the eternity, of the mercies of God in Christ Jesus-those are they who can rejoice in an overflowing cup! Thelines have fallen unto them in pleasant places and they have a goodly heritage. The lot of the saved is a lot to be envied-theirsis a right royal heritage.

Jeremiah further mentions a "cup of consolation," and that cup of consolation, O Believer, is also yours this morning! Youhave your trials, but, oh, what a comfort to know that your trials work your lasting good! You are vexed with adversities,but what bliss to learn that they last but for a moment and end in eternal Glory! We mind not the black clods of trouble whenwe learn that light is sown in them for the righteous. It is true we are sometimes, if need be, in heaviness through manifoldtemptations, but our mourning ends at morning. Our dark nights will soon be ended and then a daylight comes of which the sunshall go down no more forever.

The cup of comforts, which the Holy Spirit fills and brings to us, is so rich, so suitable, so operative upon our nature thatwe may well rejoice as we think of it this morning. The saint's lot has its blacks, but it has also its whites. Drops of wormwoodare ours, but milk and honey are not denied us. We mourn at Marah, but we sing at Elim. Bochim still stands, but Bethel isours, too. The lion roars, but the turtledove also yields her cheering note. Clouds are above us, but the stars smile on us.Our sea has its ebbs, but, by turns, it comes to the flood. Winters bluster and freeze, but summer comes soon and blossomswith merry joys, and autumn follows with its mellowness. We are cast down, but we are not destroyed-no, we are not even injured-forif for a little time we seem to be losers by our castings down, we before long discover our greater gain.

Happy are the people that are in such a case, yes, blessed are the people whose God is the Lord. The cup of tried David isfar better than that of proud Belshazzar. None are so comforted as those to whom the Holy Spirit is Comforter. Still let usdwell for a minute or two longer upon the portion of the righteous. We read in the New Testament of the "cup of blessing,"and although that alludes to the cup at the Lord's Supper, yet without wresting the words, we may say that the whole portionof God's saints is a cup of blessing. You are blessed in all respects, Believer.

As last Sabbath morning it was our painful duty to remind the unconverted that they were cursed everywhere-in basket and instore, in their home and abroad, in all that they had and did-so now with joy we remind you that those who love the Lord areblessed in all respects! Their cup, that is to say, their lot in life, is all blessing. Even that which you like least isfilled with blessing. You are blessed by every morning's sun-its beams speak benediction. You are blessed with every settingsun-the darkness is but a curtain to screen your rest. You are blessed in your poverty-contentment shall cheer you. You areblessed in your abundance-Grace shall consecrate it. Every way you are blessed. Your cup has not a single drop in it fromthe surface to the bottom but what is sweetened with the unchanging love of your Divine Father.

The cup of our life is, moreover, a cup of fellowship. The whole of a Christian's life ought to be fellowship with Jesus.What the cup is at the Lord's Table, that our entire life should be. If we suffer, we suffer with Christ. If we rejoice, we

should rejoice with Him. Bodily pain should help us to understand the Cross and mental depression should make us apt scholarsat Gethsemane-while the high joys which our soul sometimes partakes of should conduct us to Tabor and lead us upward evento the place where the Conqueror sits high aloft on His Father's Throne. It is a great blessing to a child of God, whateverhappens to him, if he can see it overruled to the conducting of him in the footsteps of his Master into fellowship with hisCovenant Head.

I shall notice but one more matter about this cup, though, indeed, the phrase seems to me to be rich even to excessivenesswith suggestions for thought. Our life cup is distinctly connected with the Covenant. "This cup," said the Lord at the table,"is the New Covenant," and so the whole of life which is compared in our text to a cup, manifests the Covenant faithfulnessof God. Nothing happens to a child of God but what was in the Covenant. The whole of Christian life is studded with God'sfulfillment of the Covenant. You have your troubles, but it was promised that you should have them. In your sadness you arerevived with consolation, for it was promised you that God would set the bow in the cloud that you might look upon it andsee that He was faithful, still.

Oh yes, if you did but know it, the smallest event of your history as well as the largest incident in your biography- allwould fit together like pieces of mosaic and when all fitted together you would read clearly, "Covenant love and Covenantfaithfulness." To come back to our simile, all the wine of the cup of human life is to the Believer warm with the spices ofeternal faithfulness. There is not a single drop in all the contents which is not aromatic with the unchangeable, immutableveracity and faithfulness of our Covenant God. Will you, dear Hearers, put these things together, which I have poured fromthe cornucopia of the text?

Look upon the whole of your life, O Christian, in that light now cast upon it-for life is a very sacred thing with us, andthough the many say death is a very solemn thing-we have learned that life is equally so. Regard a Christian's life as sublime-reachingfar beyond the level of the unbeliever's barren existence-because the spiritual is elevated, pure, heavenly. It is God inman struggling with Satan-the Christ of God fighting with evil. Heaven and Hell in the Believer's life find a battlefieldwhere hottest warfare rages. Our life in Christ is a sublime thing, a thing that angels look down upon with wonder and astonishment.The cup which is set on our Master's table for us is no common cup-it is a celestial chalice for solemnity. It is a royalbowl for dignity-a golden cup for richness.

The portion of every Believer, when it shall be seen by clearer eyes and understood by loftier intellects, will be perfectlyamazing in its rare displays of the loving kindness and faithfulness of God!

II. Secondly, I invite every Believer here to REJOICE IN THE ABUNDANCE OF HIS PRIVILEGE. "My cup runs over." Two or threewords about this as far as it may relate to temporals. A small number of Believers are entrusted with much of this world'sgoods-their cup runs over with wealth. Here is cause for thankfulness, for God has never taught us to deprecate riches, norto wring our hands in sorrow if they happen to fall to our lot. Be thankful to the bounteous Lord for your abundance!

At the same time, here is a note of danger. Our Lord Jesus once said and He has never retracted the saying, "It is easierfor a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God." That is to say, in plainlanguage, it is impossible for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of Heaven, unless something more than ordinary is done.Our Lord has told us, however, that while it is impossible with man, it is possible with God-and we rejoice to constantlyfind a slender line of these camels going through needles' eyes. Rich men are led into the kingdom of Heaven-the human impossibilitybecomes Divine fact! Still, riches are no small hindrance to those who would run in the ways of the Truth of God.

The danger is lest these worldly goods should become our gods-lest we should set too great store by them. Andrew Fuller oneday went into a bullion merchant's and was shown a mass of gold. Taking it into his hand, he very suggestively remarked, "Howmuch better it is to hold it in your hand than to have it in your heart!" Gold in the hand will not hurt you, but gold inthe heart will destroy you! Not long ago, a burglar, as you will remember, escaping from a policeman, leaped into the Regent'sCanal and was drowned-drowned by the weight of the silver which he had plundered! How many there are who have made a god oftheir wealth and in hastening after riches have been drowned by the weight of their worldly substance!

Notice a fly when it alights upon a dish of honey. If it just sips a little and away, it is fed and is the better for itsmeal. But if it lingers to eat again and again, it slides into the honey, it is bedaubed-it cannot fly-it is rolling in themass of the honey to its own destruction. If God makes your cup run over, beware lest you perish, as too many have done throughturning the blessing into a curse. If your cup runs over, take care to use what God has given you for His Glory.

There is a responsibility attached to wealth which some do not seem to realize. Among our great men, how few use money asthey should! Their gifts are nothing in proportion to their possessions.

Alas, things are even worse than this with some who are miscalled honorable and noble. Our hereditary legislators are someof them a dishonor to their ancient houses and a disgrace to the peerage from which they ought to be ignominiously expelled.What right have gamblers to be making laws? How shall we trust those with the affairs of the nation who bring themselves downto poverty by their gambling and set an example which the poorest peasant might well scorn to follow? God will visit our landfor this! Wickedness reigns in high places and there the reckoning will begin. Would to God that our great men would rememberthat they are responsible and that wealth is not given them to lavish upon their passions, but to employ for God and for thecommon cause. If your cup runs over, call the poor to catch the drops and give an extra spill that they may have the more!

Moreover, the Church of God needs your substance. Thank God we can, some of us, say with regard to our Churches, there isnot so much a lack of Divine Grace, or a need of men, or of anything as of the financial means-and the gold and the silverare somewhere. God has given it to His Church-it is somewhere. But there are very many Church members who hold back the wealthwhich they ought to consecrate to the cause of God-and if they do this, their running-over cup will witness to their judgmentand will not be to their honor and glory in the day when God shall judge the world in righteousness by Jesus Christ!

But I do not intend to dwell on that. I shall speak rather of spirituals. I want each Believer here now to look at his lotin a spiritual light and in it to feel that his cup is running over. Our cup overflows because of the infinite extent of thegoodness itself which God has bestowed. The spiritually good things which God has given to us are so many that we never cancontain them all! If the capacity of our mind could be enlarged a thousand-fold, yet such are the exceeding riches of God'sChrist that we never could contain all that God has laid up in Him as the portion of His people. Think for a minute-the LordGod has given to every Believer here, a whole Christ, a full Christ, an everlasting Christ, an exalted Christ-to be his eternalportion!

Now who can hold the whole of Christ? Behold His matchless Godhead, His immaculate Manhood, His power, His wisdom, His beauty,His Grace! Look at His works, His life of innocence, His death of disinterested affection, His triumph over Hell and the grave!Look at His Second Coming and the splendors of His millennial reign. Now all these belong to us if we belong to God. And howshall we compass them all? Must not our cup of necessity run over? Remember next that God has made with every one of you wholove Him, even the poorest and the weakest, a Covenant of Grace of which the beginning is beyond all human doubt-for thatCovenant was made before the earth was-a Covenant which is ordered in all things and sure and which will never run out becauseit is the Everlasting Covenant and will stand as long as eternity endures.

In that Covenant all things are yours! God has given over to you even Himself! "I will be their God and they shall be My people."God the Father is yours! God the Son is yours! God the Holy Spirit is yours! Oh, what can you say if all this is yours? Yoursoul cannot hold them all, your cup must run over! Look again, Beloved, at the promises which are given us in holy Scripture.Why, any one promise is more than enough for us. "I will never leave you nor forsake you." Why, there is a meal for a manfor the next 12 months if he will never read another verse. "Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not havecompassion on the son of her womb? Yes, they may forget, yet will I not forget you. Behold, I have engraved you upon the palmsof My hands."

Oh, do but let that lie under your tongue like a wafer made with honey! Take but one such promise and you shall be like Ruth,who did eat and was satisfied, "and left"-for you cannot receive it all. But then take the range of the promises from Genesisto Revelation. How is this Book, like a beehive, filled with 10,000 cells and every cell distilling virgin honey such as enlightensthe eyes of the man that tastes of it! Oh, who can hold the fullness of the promise? Who can contain all the words which theHoly Spirit has written, full of consolation to the mourning children of God? But suppose you could, by some enlarged capacity,grasp all the promises? Yet, Beloved, how would you be able to receive God Himself, and yet He is yours! The Infinite Godis the portion of the faithful!

You have enjoyed, sometimes, the visits of the Holy Spirit. You know what it means for the Holy Spirit to be at work in yoursoul. Now, I am sure you will bear witness that at such times you have been conscious of the narrowness of your soul. Youhave felt, "O that I could hold my God. This sweet love of His, of which I am now conscious, is more than a match for me.Holy Spirit, how can You come to dwell with such a poor one as I am? I am but a bush and You a fire, and matched with YouI am like a glowing, burning bush. How can I bear such Glory? I tremble lest I am consumed with over excess of bliss and love."

Many of God's saints have been ready to die while they have had vivid impressions of the love of God and of the Glory whichGod had prepared for His elect. Their joy has been too great! One heart could not palpitate fast enough! One soul could nothold one 10th of the bliss which God was pleased to pour into it! By reason, then, of the greatness of the blessings themselvesand the infinity of their number, it often happens that our cup runs over. O you that are sad today and yet Believers. Youwho are poverty-stricken today, and yet heirs of all this wealth! I would lovingly chide you and ask how you can thirst whenyour cup can no more contain all that God provides for you than the hollow of an infant's hand can hold the wide, wide sea?

Furthermore, does not our cup often run over because of our sinful contractions of its capacity? I have already hinted atthe necessary narrowness of our capacity because we are mortal. But how often you and I fill up our soul with carnal joysand cares and then if God's love does come into us, it must soon run over, for there is so little room! How often, too, arewe sadly straitened in our longings after Divine things, so that when they come to us we have not room enough to receive them!I must confess that I have enjoyed more of God than my desires have ever aspired after. Oh, what stinted desires we have!He has said, "Open your mouth wide and I will fill it." But we scarcely open our mouths at all. Men who are eager after wealthstretch their arms like seas to grasp in all the shore-but we win a little of Divine Grace and then we sit down basely content.

We have not the consecrated ambition we ought to have. O that our desires were like the horseleech, so that concerning Godthey should always cry, "Give, give." O that we never felt we had attained, were always dissatisfied with ourselves, seekingto do more, to know more, to love more, to kill self more and to be more consecrated to our dear Lord! Oh, our flat desires!I have heard that in the old times in England, on Christmas morning, the poor villagers were allowed to call at the houseof the lord of the manor, each one with his basin, which it was the custom to fill to the brim. I guarantee you the basinsgrew sensibly larger every year, till one would think they had rather brought the bushel measure from the barn than the basinfrom the cupboard!

It was wise of the poor folk, for His Lordship could not do less than fill whatever they brought. Alas, we are not so wise!We rather lessen our vessels than increase their size. You have not because you ask not, or because you ask amiss. God hasdone exceeding abundantly above what we have asked, or even thought. Mind how you read that text, it does not say, "abovewhat we can ask"-no, no! We can ask for what we will and can think of boundless things and God can make us think of as greatthings as He can do, but above what we have asked, or think, God frequently gives to us. Beloved, I will now ask you a question.How would it be with you if God had filled your cup in proportion to your faith? How much would you have had in your cup?

Alas, I lament to say, while my God has never once failed me, but has been very faithful, constantly faithful, abundantlyand richly faithful, yet my poor faith, if it were unusually tried, would hardly be found to His honor and Glory, unless Heshould be pleased to greatly enlarge and graciously to sustain it. Sad that we should have to make such a confession, butwe do, with shame. Is not that the confession many of us must make? If it were only to us according to our faith and God didnot, in Sovereignty, step beyond His own rule in the kingdom, how poor should we be, measured by our faith! Our cup runs over,indeed.

Suppose, my Brethren, our portion were to be measured by the returns that we have ever made to God for mercies we have enjoyed?Ah, should not we be starved from this day forth? What have I done for Him that died to save my wretched soul? Will you dareturn to the page in which memory records the service you have rendered to your Lord in thankfulness for His great love-ah,cover it up, it is not worth remembering. You have taught a child or two, you have preached to a congregation, you have offereda few prayers. Oh, our teaching, how feeble! Our preaching, how little in earnest! Our praying, how heartless! Our giving,how scant and how grudging! Oh, how little are our returns compared with what we owe to Him from whom we have received allwe possess! We are, indeed, unprofitable servants.

If our portion of meat were measured out according to our labor and devotion, long fasts would be our lot and feast days wouldbe few and far between. But the Lord's thoughts are not our thoughts, neither are His ways our ways, for such is the abundanceof His forgiveness and longsuffering that our cup still runs over. I shall only detain you with one more remark on this point.Note the supreme excellence of every blessing which God has given, for this tends to make the cup overflow. Every Covenantmercy which the child of God enjoys has this distinguished excellence in it-that it is eternal. The sinner's best lot is onlyfor a time. Ours, if it were slender, would far exceed the sinner's, because it lasts forever! Better that a man have buta shilling a day forever, than that he have a gold piece but once in his life, which, being spent, he has no more.

If the Lord pardons you, it is forever. If He adopts you, it is forever. If He accepts you, it is forever. If He saves you,it is forever! There is eternity set as a Divine stamp upon every mercy. Believer, does not this make your cup run over, tothink that everlasting love is yours? Moreover, your portion, whatever it may be, is received direct from God. Ishmael wassent into the desert with a bottle, but the bottle dried up, and Ishmael was thirsty. But we read of Isaac that he lived bythe well Lahai-roi. There was always an abundance for Isaac, for he lived by the well. You have seen a rustic lad lie downat full length at the springhead on a summer's day and drink-behold in him a picture of the Believer's life.

The saint does not drink of the stream far down in the valley, warmed by the world's sun and mired by the world's sin. Hedrinks at the wellhead where the current leaps up all cool and living from the great deep. There is another quality aboutthe Sovereign gifts of Grace-they come to us in living union with Christ. If I get a mercy apart from Christ, it is like arose plucked from the bush-it delights me with its perfume and appearance for an hour, but soon it withers and I put it away.But a spiritual mercy is like a living rose on the bush-it blooms and lasts and we smell it again and again and again. Ourblessings are dear, indeed, as they come to us through Christ Jesus.

And what is best of all, every one of these blessings in the Covenant are best to us because they are brought home to theheart by the Holy Spirit. You know a table may be well spread and yet a man may not be satisfied because he has no appetite,or he cannot reach the food. But the Holy Spirit has a way of making our cup run over because He gives us an appetite-He bringsthe food to us and helps us to receive it. He enables us to digest it and inwardly to be satisfied as with marrow and fatness.The mercies of the Infinite are the more choice because the Holy Spirit understands how to break the bread for us and feedus. He makes us to lie down in green pastures.

We would fumble with mercies and spoil them like bad cooks that spoil good meat-but the Holy Spirit knows how to bring upthe meat ready dressed for us and to give us the appetite and to make us feed upon His dainties with spiritual palates andrefined tastes.

IV. Now to close, I call upon those who have this cup to RESOLVE ON SUITABLE ACTION, seeing that this is their position, "Mycup runs over, then let me, at any rate, drink all I can. If I cannot drink it all as it flows away, let me get all I can.""Drink," said the spouse, "yes, drink abundantly, O my Beloved." The Master's message at the communion table always is, "Take,eat!" And again, "Drink, drink all of it."

Oftentimes, when the Lord says to us, "Seek My face," we answer, "But, Lord, I am unworthy to do so." The proper answer is,"Your face, Lord, will I seek." If you bring a man to a table and he is not hungry, you tell him to eat, but he may be bashfuland he does not like to help and cut and carve for himself, and he takes but little. I guarantee you, however, if his hungerbecomes very vehement, he will not wait for two permissions-he will cut and carve for himself after a mighty rate! O thatour spiritual hunger were greater, for Christ never thinks believing sinners presumptuous in applying the promises, or layinghold upon the provisions of Divine Grace!

The worst form of presumption is not to take what Christ offers. I know some in this House, today, who are very presumptuous,for they might have peace, but they will not. God has provided comfort for them, but they will not receive it, and they writebitter things against themselves. Month after month and week after week their cup runs over and yet they do not drink. Thereare promises exactly suitable to their case, but they think they are too humble to drink. It is not so, it is always proudhumility-wicked, base, bastard humility-rank pride, that makes us think Christ is unwilling to forgive, or accept, or blessus. O dear Heart, never be hungry for lack of will to come and take! Let God's invitations be your persuasions. Let His preceptsto believe be accepted over the head of your unworthiness.

Say to yourself, "I know these things are too good for me and I am not worthy of them. But if He does not shut me out, I certainlywill not shut myself out. If He bids me come and take and believe, He means it-He offers like a king and I will take as aneedy one should take from one so rich, who cannot miss it, but who will be glad to bestow it." Well, that is my first pieceof advice-your cup runs over-drink! The next is, if your cup runs over, Christian, and you drink of it, communicate to others.We too much neglect the comforting of those that are bowed down. Should not it be a part of the duty of every Church memberto be a pastor to others who may be dispirited and sad? In such a Church as this, of course, the pastorate of one man is somethingeven less than nominal, for I will not even accept the name if it is intended that I am thereby to carry out the duty.

We can never have in a Church of 4,000 members proper oversight unless every member exercises oversight over the other, bearingone another's burdens and so fulfilling the Law of Christ. I charge you do this! I know many of you are diligent in this duty,but be more so! Look after the sad and disconsolate and let the telling of your experience be as the putting of the bottleof cooling water to their thirsty lips. Again, if God has made your cup to run over, then seek to serve Him, not after theorder and measure of bare duty, but according to the enthusiasm of gratitude. I mean, give to

God, you that have it! If he has given much to you, give much to Him! Depend on it, there is great wisdom in this, even froma selfish point of view. Good measure, pressed down and running over, will God return into your bosoms.

If you cannot give money, then give your time, your talents-and, believe me, the more you do for God, the more you can doand the more happiness you will have in the doing of it! It is lazy Christians who grow rusty. It is unused keys that losetheir brightness. You that rot away in inglorious ease, you know not the joy that belongs to the child of God! The Christianshould feel, "I shall do all I can do and a little more, getting more strength from God than I had, that I may do, still,a little in excess. I will not measure my duty by what others say I ought to do, but reckon that if I draw back, I would not.If I might make some reserve, I could not. If I might deny my Lord something, yet I dare not, would not think of such a thing.The love He plants in my heart will not permit me."

If your cup runs over, let your service run over. Be "fervent in the Spirit, serving the Lord." Let your generosity run over-givewithout stint. Let your prayers run over-pray without ceasing. Let your hymns run over-praise Him as long as you have breath.Let your talk of Him run over-tell the universe what a good God He is to you. Praise Him! You can never praise Him enough.Exaggeration will be impossible here. Let the loftiest praise be heaped upon the head of Christ and He will deserve somethingbetter. Let the angels make way for Him and let them pile their thrones one upon the other. Let them conduct Him to the seventhHeaven-over to the Heaven of heavens and let Him fill a lofty Throne there, yet, even then, He is not so high as His Fatherhas set Him!

Words cannot describe His Glory-it bows down all language beneath its weight. Metaphors, similes-though they were gatheredwith the wealth of wit and wisdom from all quarters of Heaven and earth-cannot reach even to the hem of His garments. Yourlove and your fidelity, your diligence and your zeal are not fit, even so much as to unloose the laces of His shoes, He isso great and so good. O talk much of Him, then! Let your talk run over like the language of Rutherford in his letters, wherehe seems, sometimes, to break through reason and moderation to glorify his Lord! Let your language of Christ be like the ApostlePaul, where he puts aside all syntax, grammar, speech and all else and makes new words and coins fresh expressions, and confusestenses and moods and I know not what beside, because his soul could not express itself after the commonplace language of mankind!

O let your praise run over to your Lord and King! Love Him! Praise Him! Exalt Him! Magnify Him! Live out His life again! Youcan but praise Him so! Die in His arms, that you may forever extol Him in the upper skies! May God grant us to be Christiansrich in spiritual wealth, spending our strength and substance like the princes we are, for Him who is more than a prince andgreater than a king!