Sermon 869. The Gospel of Abraham's Sacrifice of Isaac
Delivered on Sunday Evening, MAY 2, 1869, by
At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington
"He that spared not His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all." - Romans 8:32.
We have selected this verse as our theme, but our true text you will find in the 22nd chapter of Genesis, the narrative whichwe read to you this morning at full length and upon which we spoke in detail in our discourse. I thought it meet to keep toone point this morning, on the ground that one thing at a time is best and therefore I endeavored to lead your undivided contemplationsto the peerless example of holy, believing obedience which the father of the faithful presented to us when he offered up hisson.
But it would be a very unfair way of handling Holy Scripture to leave such a subject as this, so full of Christ, without dwellingupon the typical Character of the whole narrative. If the Messiah is anywhere symbolized in the Old Testament, He is certainlyto be seen upon Mount Moriah where the beloved Isaac, willingly bound and laid upon the altar, is a lively foreshadowing ofthe Well-Beloved of Heaven yielding His life as a ransom! We doubt not that one great intent of the whole transaction wasto afford Abraham a clearer view of Christ's day. The trial was covertly a great privilege, unveiling as it did to the Patriarch,the heart of the great Father in His great deed of love to men and displaying at the same time the willing obedience of thegreat Son who cheerfully became a burnt offering unto God.
The Gospel of Moriah, which is but another name for Calvary, was far clearer than the revelation made at the gate of Paradise,or to Noah in the ark, or to Abraham, himself, on any former occasion. Let us pray for a share in the privilege of the renownedfriend of God, as we study redemption in the light which made Abraham glad. Without detaining you with any lengthened preface,for which we have neither time nor inclination, we shall first draw the parallel between the offering of Christ and the offeringof Isaac. Then, secondly, we shall show how the Sacrifice of Christ goes far beyond even this most edifying type. O blessedSpirit of God, take of the things of Christ at this hour and show them unto us!
I. First, THE PARALLEL. You know the story before you. We need not repeat it, except as we weave it into our meditation. AsAbraham offered up Isaac, it might be said of him that he, "spared not his own son," so the ever blessed God offered up HisSon Jesus Christ and spared Him not. There is a likeness in the person offered. Isaac was Abraham's son and in that emphaticsense, his only son-therefore the anguish of resigning him to sacrifice.
There is a depth of meaning in that word, "only," when it is applied to a child. Dear as life to a parent's heart is his onlychild, no gold of Ophir nor sparkling gems of India can be compared with it. Those of you blessed with the full quiver, havingmany children, would yet find it extremely difficult if one had to be taken from you, to say which it should be. A thousandpangs would rend your hearts in making a choice of one out of the seven or the 10, upon whose clay-cold brow you must imprinta last fond kiss.
But what would be your grief if you had but one?! What agony to have torn from you the only token of your mutual love, theonly representative of your race! Cruel is the wind which uproots the only heir of the ancient tree! Rude is the hand whichdashes the only blossom from the rose. Ruthless spoiler, to deprive you of your sole heir, the cornerstone of your love, thepolished pillar of your hope! Judge, then, the sadness which pierced the heart of Abraham when God bade him take his son,his only son, and offer him as a burnt offering! But I have no language with which to speak of the heart of God when He gaveup His only begotten Son!
Instead of attempting the impossible, I must content myself with repeating the words of Holy Writ: "God so loved the world,that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life." Nothing butinfinite love to man could have led the God of Love to bruise His Son and put Him to grief. Christ Jesus, the Son of God,is, in His Divine Nature, one with God, co-equal and co-eternal with Him, His only begotten Son
in a manner mysterious and unknown to us! As the Divine Son the Father gave Him to us-"Unto us a Son is given, and His nameshall be called the Mighty God."
Our Lord, as Man, is the Son of the Highest, according to the angel's salutation of the Virgin-"The Holy Spirit shall comeupon you and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you: therefore also that holy Thing which shall be born of you shallbe called the Son of God." In His human Nature Jesus was not spared, but was made to suffer, bleed and die for us. God andMan in one Person, two Natures being wondrously combined, He was not spared but delivered up for all His chosen. Here is love!Behold it and admire! Consider it and wonder! The beloved Son is made a Sacrifice! He, the Only-Begotten is struck of Godand afflicted and cries, "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?"
Remember that in Abraham's case Isaac was the child of his heart. I need not enlarge on that. You can readily imagine howAbraham loved him. But in the case of our Lord what mind can conceive how near and dear our Redeemer was to the Father? Rememberthose marvelous words of the Incarnate Wisdom, "I was by Him as One brought up with Him: and I was daily His delight, rejoicingalways before Him." Our glorious Savior was more the Son of God's love than Isaac could be the darling of Abraham! Eternityand infinity entered into the love which existed between the Father and the Son!
Christ in human Nature was matchlessly pure and holy, and in Him dwelt the fullness of the Godhead bodily. Therefore was Hehighly delightful to the Father and that delight was publicly attested in audible declarations, "This is My beloved Son inwhom I am well pleased." Yet He spared Him not, but made Him to be the Substitute for us sinners, made Him as a curse forus to be hanged on a tree. Have you a favorite child? Have you one who nestles in your bosom? Have you one dearer than allother? Then, should you be called to part with him, you will be able to have fellowship with the great Father in deliveringup His Son.
Remember, too, that Isaac was a most lovely and obedient son. We have proof of that in the fact that he was willing to besacrificed, for being a vigorous young man, he might have resisted his aged father-but he willingly surrendered himself tobe bound and submitted to be laid on the altar. How few there are of such sons! Could Abraham give him up? Few, did I say,of such sons? I cannot apply that term to Christ, the Son of God, for there was never another such as He! If I speak of Hishumanity, did anyone ever obey his father as Christ obeyed His God? "Though He were a Son yet learned He obedience." It wasHis meat and His drink to do the will of Him that sent Him.
"Don't you know," He said, "that I must be about My Father's business?" And yet this obedient Son, this Son of sons, God sparednot, but unsheathed His sword against Him and gave Him up to the agony and bloody sweat, the Cross and death itself! Whatmighty love must have led the Father to this! Impossible is it to measure it-
"So strange, so boundless was the lo ve Which pitied dying men, The Father sent His equal Son, To give them life again."
It must not be forgotten, too, that around Isaac there clustered mysterious prophecies. Isaac was to be the promised seedthrough which Abraham should live down to posterity and evermore be a blessing to all nations. But what prophecies gatheredabout the head of Christ?! What glorious things were spoken of Him before His coming!
He was the conquering Seed destined to break the dragon's head. He was the Messenger of the Covenant, yes, the Covenant itself!He was foretold as the Prince of Peace, the King of kings and Lord of lords. In Him was more of God revealed than in all theworks of creation and of Providence. Yet this august Person, this heir of all things, the Wonderful, the Counselor, the MightyGod, the Everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace, must bow His head to the stroke of sacred vengeance, being given up as theScapegoat for all Believers, the Lamb of our Passover, the Victim for our sin.
Brethren, I have left the shallows and am far out to sea tonight. I am swimming in a great deep. I find no bottom and I seeno shore. I sink in deeps of wonder! My soul would rather meditate than attempt to utter herself by word of mouth. Indeed,the theme of God's unspeakable Gift, if we would comprehend its breadth and length, is rather for the closet than for thepulpit! It is rather to be meditated upon when you muse alone at eventide than to be spoken of in the great assembly. Thoughwe speak with the tongues of men and of angels, we cannot attain to the height of this great argument.
God gave such a One to us that the world could not find His fellow nor Heaven reveal His equal. He gave to us a Treasure sopriceless that if Heaven and earth were weighed like the merchants' golden wedge, they could not buy the like
thereof. For us was given up the Chief among ten thousand and the altogether Lovely! For us the Head of most fine gold waslaid in the dust, and the raven locks stained with gore. For us those eyes which are soft as the eyes of doves were red withweeping and washed with tears instead of milk! For us the cheeks which were as a bed of spices were defiled with spit andthe Countenance like Lebanon, excellent as the cedars, marred more than the sons of men! And all this was by the Father'sappointment and ordaining according to the eternal purpose written in the volume of this Book.
The parallel is very clear in the preface of the sacrifice. Let us show you in a few words. Abraham had three days in whichto think upon and consider the death of his son. Three days in which to look into that beloved face and to anticipate thehour in which it would wear the icy pallor of death. But the Eternal Father foreknew and foreordained the Sacrifice of Hisonly begotten Son, not three days nor three years, nor 3,000 years, but before the earth was, Jesus was to His Father, "theLamb slain from the foundation of the world." Long before His birth at Bethlehem it was foretold, "All we like sheep havegone astray; we have turned, every one to his own way; and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us
It was an eternal decree that from the travail of the Redeemer there should arise a seed that should serve Him, being purchasedby His blood. What perseverance of disinterested love was here! Brothers and Sisters, suffer me to pause and worship, forI fail to preach! I am abashed in the Presence of such wondrous love! I cannot understand You, O great God! I know You arenot moved by passions, nor affected by grief as men are. Therefore I dare not say that You did sorrow over the death of YourSon. But oh, I know that You are not a God of stone-impassible, unmoved. You are God and therefore we cannot conceive You,but yet You do compare Yourself to a father having compassion on a prodigal. Do we err, then, if we think of You as yearningover Your Well-Beloved when He was given up to the pangs of death?
Forgive me if I transgress in so conceiving of Your heart of love, but surely it was a costly Sacrifice which You did make,costly even to You! I will not speak of You in this matter, O my God, for I cannot, but I will reverently think of You andwonder how You could have looked so steadily through the long ages and resolved so unwaveringly upon the mighty Sacrifice-theimmeasurable generosity of resigning Your dear Son to be slaughtered for us!
Remember, Brothers and Sisters, that Abraham prepared with sacred forethought everything for the sacrifice. As I showed youthis morning, he became a Gibeonite for God, acting as a hewer of wood, while he prepared the fuel for his son's burning.He carried the fire and built the altar, providing everything necessary for the painful service. But what shall I say of thegreat God who, through the ages, was constantly preparing this world for the grandest event in its history-the death of theIncarnate God? All history converged to this point! I venture to say it, that every transaction, whether great or small, thatever disturbed Assyria, or aroused Chaldea, or troubled Egypt, or chastened Jewry, had for its ultimate object the preparingof the world for the birth and the sacrifice of Christ!
The Cross is the center of all history! To it, from ancient ages, everything is pointing! Forward from it everything in thisage proceeds and backward to it everything may be traced! How deep is this subject, yet how true! God was always preparingfor the giving up of the Well-Beloved for the salvation of the sons of men! We will not tarry, however, on the preface ofthe sacrifice, but advance in lowly worship to behold the act itself. When Abraham came,, at last, to Mount Moriah, he badehis servants remain at the foot of the hill. Now, gather up your thoughts and come with me to Calvary, to the true Moriah.At the foot of that hill God bade all men stop. The 12 have been with Christ in His life-journey, but they must not be withHim in his death throes.
Eleven go with him to Gethsemane-only three may draw near to Him in His passion. But when it comes to the climax of all, theyforsake Him and flee! He fights the battle by Himself. "I have trod the wine-press alone," said He, "and of the people therewas none with Me." Although around Calvary there gathered a great crowd to behold the Redeemer die, yet spiritually Jesuswas there alone with the avenging God. The wonderful transaction of Calvary as to its real essence and spirit was performedin solemn secrecy between the Father and the Son. Abraham and Isaac were alone. The Father and the Son were equally alonewhen His soul was made a Sacrifice for sin.
Did you observe, also, that Isaac carried the wood!-a true picture of Jesus carrying His Cross! It was not every malefactorwho had to bear the tree which was afterwards to bear him-but in our Lord's case and by an excess of cruelty, wicked men madeHim carry His Cross. With a felicity of exactness to the prophetic type, God had so ordered it, that as Isaac bore the woodup to the altar, so Christ should carry His Cross up to the place of doom. A point worthy of notice is that it is said, asyou will find if you read the chapter of Abraham and Isaac, "that they went both of them
together." He who was to strike with the knife and the other who was to be the victim, walked in peaceful converse to thealtar.
"They went both together," agreeing in heart. It is to me delightful to reflect that Christ Jesus and His Father went bothtogether in the work of redeeming love. In that great work by which we are saved, the Father gave us Christ, but Christ equallygave us Himself. The Father went forth to vengeance dressed in robes of love to man and the Son went forth to be the victimof that vengeance with the same love in His heart. They proceeded together and at last, Isaac was bound, bound by his father.So Christ was bound and He says, "You could have no power against Me unless it were given to you of My Father."
Christ could not have been bound by Judas, nor Pilate, nor Herod if the Eternal Father had not virtually bound Him and deliveredHim into the hands of the executioner. My Soul, stand and wonder! The Father binds His Son-'tis God your Father who bindsyour elder Brother and gives Him up to cruel men that He may be reviled, spit upon and nailed to the Cross to die! The parallelgoes still further, for while the father binds the victim, the victim is willing to be bound. As we have already said, Isaacmight have resisted, but he did not. There are no traces of a struggle. There are no signs of so much as a murmur. Even sowith Jesus. He went cheerfully up to the slaughter-willing to give Himself for us. Said Jesus, "No man takes My life fromMe, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down and I have power to take it again."
You see how the parallel holds and as you behold the earthly parent, with anguish in his face, about to drive the knife intothe heart of his dear child, you have before you, as nearly as earthly pictures can paint heavenly things, the mirror of theDivine Father about to give up the Well-Beloved, the Just, for the unjust, that He may bring us to God! I pause here. Whatfurther can I say? It is not, as I have said before, a theme for words, but for the heart's emotions, for the kisses of yourlips and the tears of your soul.
Yet the parallel runs a little further. After having been suspended for a moment, Isaac was restored again. He was bound andlaid upon the altar. The knife was drawn and he was in spirit given up to death, but he was delivered. Leaving that gap, whereinChrist is not typified fully by Isaac, but by the ram, yet was Jesus also delivered. He came again, the living and triumphantSon, after He had been dead. Isaac was for three days looked upon by Abraham as dead. On the third day the father rejoicedto descend the mountain with his son. Jesus was dead, but on the third day He rose again! Oh, the joy on that mountain summit!The joy of the two as they returned to the waiting servants, both delivered out of a great trial.
But, ah, I cannot tell you what joy there was in the heart of Jesus and the great Father when the tremendous Sacrifice wasfinished and Jesus had risen from the dead! Brothers and Sisters, we shall know some day for we shall enter into the joy ofour Lord! It is a bold thing to speak of God as moved by joy or affected by grief, but still, since He is no God of wood andstone, no insensible block, we may, speaking after the manner of men, declare that God rejoiced over His risen Son with exceedingjoy-while the Son rejoiced, also, because His great work was accomplished. Remembering that passage in the Prophet, whereGod speaks of His saints and declares that He will rejoice over them with singing, what if I say that much more He did thiswith His Son and, resting in His love, He rejoiced over the Risen One, even with joy and singing?
What followed the deliverance of Isaac? You heard, this morning, that from that moment the covenant was ratified. Just atthe base of that altar the angel declared the oath wherein God swore by Himself. Brothers and Sisters, the risen Savior, onceslain, has confirmed the Covenant of Grace, which now stands forever fast upon the two immutable things wherein it is impossiblefor God to lie. Isaac, also, had that day been the means of showing to Abraham the great provision of God. That name, Jehovah-Jireh,was new to the world. It was given forth to men that day from Mount Moriah, and in the death of Christ men see what they nevercould have seen-and in His Resurrection they behold the deepest of mysteries solved.
God has provided what men wanted. The problem was, How can sinners be forgiven? How can the mischief of sin be taken away?How can sinners become saints and those who were only fit to burn in Hell be made to sing in Heaven? The answer is yonder,where God gives up His Only-Begotten to bleed and die instead of sinners and then bids that Only-Begotten return in Gloryfrom the grave. "Jehovah-Jireh," is to be read by the light which streams from the Cross! "The Lord will provide" is beheldon the Mount of Calvary as nowhere else in Heaven or earth!
Thus have I tried to show the parallel, but I am sadly conscious of my lack of power. I feel as if I were only giving youmere sketches, such as schoolboys draw with chalk or charcoal. You must fill them in. There is abundance of room- Abrahamand Isaac, the Father and Christ. In proportion to the tenderness and love with which you can enter into the human wonder,so, I think by the loving and affectionate teaching of the Holy Spirit, you may enter into the transcendent wonder of theDivine Sacrifice for men.
II. But now, in the second place, I have to HINT AT SOME POINTS IN WHICH THE PARALLEL FALLS
SHORT. The first is this, that Isaac would have died in the course of nature. When offered up by his father, it was only alittle in anticipation of the death which eventually must have occurred. But Jesus is He "who only has immortality," and whonever needed to die. Neither as God nor Man had He anything about Him that rendered Him subject to the bands of death. ToHim Hades was a place He need never enter and the sepulcher and the grave were locked and barred fast to Him, for there wereno seeds of corruption within His sacred frame. Without the taint of original sin, there was no need that His body shouldyield to the mortal stroke.
Indeed, though He died, yet His body did not see corruption. God had shielded Him from that. So Isaac must die, but Jesusneed not. His death was purely voluntary and herein stands by itself, not to be numbered with the deaths of other men. Moreover,there was a constraint upon Abraham to give Isaac. I admit the cheerfulness of the gift, but still the highest law to whichhis spiritual nature was subject rendered it incumbent upon believing Abraham to do as God commanded. But no stress couldbe laid upon the Most High. If He delivered up His Son, it must be with the greatest freeness. Who could deserve that Christshould die for Him? Had we been perfection itself and like the sinless angels, we could not have deserved such a gift as this.
But, my Brothers and Sisters, we were, instead, full of evil! We hated God! We continued to transgress against Him! And yetout of pure love to us He performed this miracle of Grace-He gave His Son to die for us. Oh, unconstrained love-a fountainwelling up from the depth of the Divine Nature, unasked for and undeserved! What shall I say of it? O God, be You ever blessed!Even the songs of Heaven cannot express the obligations of our guilty race to Your free love in the gift of Your Son!
Furthermore, remember that Isaac did not die after all, but Jesus did. The pictures were as nearly exact as might be, forthe ram was caught in the thicket, and the animal was slaughtered instead of the man. In our Lord's case He was the Substitutefor us, but there was no substitute for Him. He took our sins and bore them in His own body upon the tree. He was personallythe Sufferer. Not by proxy did He redeem us, but He Himself suffered for us. In propria Persona He yielded up His life forus. And there is one other point of difference, namely that Isaac, if he had died, could not have died for us. He might havedied for us as an example of how we should resign life, but that would have been a small gift. It would have been no greaterblessing than the Unitarian Gospel offers when it sets forth Christ as dying as our exemption.
Oh, but Beloved, the death of Christ stands altogether alone and apart because it is a death altogether for others and enduredsolely and only from disinterested affection to the fallen! There is not a pang that rends the Savior's heart that neededto have been there if not for love to us! There is not a drop of blood that trickled from that crown of thorn on His heador from those pierced hands that needed to be spilled if it were not for affection to such undeserving ones as we.
And look at what He has done for us! He has procured our pardon! We who have believed in Him are forgiven! He has procuredour adoption! We are sons of God in Christ Jesus!
He has shut the gates of Hell for us! We cannot perish, nor can any pluck us out of His hands! He has opened the gates ofHeaven for us! We shall be with Him where He is. Our very bodies shall feel the power of His death, for they shall rise againat the sound of the trumpet at the last day. He was delivered for us, His people, "for us all." He endured all for all Hispeople-for all who trust Him-for every son of Adam that casts himself upon Him! For every son and daughter of man that willrely, alone, upon Him for salvation, He was a Sacrifice. Was He delivered for you, dear Hearer? Have you a part in His death?If so, shall I need to press upon you as you come to this Table to think of the Father's gift and of the Father Himself?
Do I need to urge you with tearful eyes and melting heart as you receive the emblems of our Redeemer's passion, to look toHis Father and to Him, and with humble adoration to admire that love which I have failed to depict, and which you will failto measure? I never felt, I think, in all my life, more utterly ashamed of words and more ready to abandon speech. The thoughtsof God's love are too heavy for the shoulders of my words! They burden all my sentences and crush
them down! Even thought itself cannot bear the stupendous load. Here is a deep, a great deep and our boat knows not how tosail on it! Here deep calls unto deep and our mind is swallowed up in the vastness and immensity of the billows of love thatroll around us.
But what reason cannot measure, faith can grasp! And what our understanding cannot comprehend, our hearts can love! And whatwe cannot tell to others we will whisper out in the silence of our spirits to ourselves, until our souls bow with lowest reverencebefore the God whose name is Love. As I close, I feel bound to say that there may be some here to whom this is but an idletale. Ah, my heart breaks as I think of you, that you should continue to sin against your Maker and forget Him from day today as most of you do. Your Maker gives His own Son to redeem His enemies and He comes to you tonight and tells you that ifyou will repent of your sins and trust yourselves in the hands of His dear Son, who died for sinners, you shall be saved!
But, alas, you will not do so! Your heart is so evil that you turn against your God and you turn against His mercy! Oh, doyou say, "I will not turn against Him any more"? Are your relentings kindled? Do you desire to be reconciled to the God youhave offended? You may be reconciled! You shall be reconciled tonight, if you do now but give yourselves up to God your Fatherand to Christ your Savior! Whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have everlasting life, for this is His Gospel-"Hethat believes and is baptized shall be saved. But he that believes not shall be damned." What that damnation is may you neverknow, but may His Grace be yours. Amen.
PORTION OF SCRIPTURE READ BEFORE SERMON-Hebrews 6