Sermon 779. God's Foreknowledge of Man's Sin

A sermon

(No. 779)

Delivered on Lord's-day Morning, NOVEMBER 3, 1867, by

C.H.SPURGEON,

At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington

"Yes, you heard not; yes, you knew not; yes, from that time that your ear was not opened: for I knew that you would deal verytreacherously, and were called a transgressor from the womb."- Isaiah 48:8.

THE ancient people of God were most annoyingly emotionless, and although the Lord taught them very plainly and repeatedly,precept upon precept, here a little and there a little, yet they would not understand His will. More especially, in orderto convince them that Jehovah was the only true God and that the gods of the heathen were not gods, He was pleased to sendthem Prophets to foretell things to come. And when those events transpired which had been so plainly predicted, one wouldhave thought that ordinary sense and reason would have led them to adore the God who thus proved His existence and His foreknowledge.But even this powerful proof did not convince them! They still paid more respect to the gods of the heathen than to the oneand only living God, and their souls hankered after the idols of the nations.

The Lord rebukes them for this folly in the verse before us. "Yes, you heard not," though I spoke so plainly that the deafmight hear, yet you would not listen to My voice. Though taught by God-sent Prophets, yet the people refused to be instructed."Yes, you knew not," though your own internal consciousness might have taught it to you, apart from any voice, yet you wouldneither learn from without nor consider within. Nothing can exceed the obstinate stupidity of the unrenewed heart. It willnot learn, let the teaching come as it may. "From that time that your ear was not opened," for your ear had become as thoughsealed up, impervious to sound. Your heart had become so vile with iniquity as to be incapable of feeling. And this was notbecause the Jewish people were foolish or naturally devoid of intelligence, for, as we all know, to this very day there isno sharper generation under Heaven than the sons of Judah.

And yet, in the days of Isaiah and until the captivity they proved themselves to be most arrant fools in that they still wentafter the idols which had brought them no blessing, and forsook the Lord who alone could benefit them. As in a looking glass,let us see ourselves! Let the unconverted man see his own picture! God has spoken quite as pointedly to you as ever He didto the seed of Israel. He has called you by Providences of different kinds. His mercies have wooed you to the worship of agenerous God. Afflictions have called you to kiss the hand that smote you and to turn unto the Lord who smites us out of mercyto our souls.

Providence has spoken to you with many tongues, with singular patience and persevering tenderness. As for the Bible, whichis open before you and in all your houses, has it not often addressed you with a voice most clear and simple, "Turn you, turnyou! Why will you die?" There is not a lack of express texts of Scripture to assure you that the way of sin is not the pathof peace, and that only the path of obedient repentance and trust in the Lord Jesus can lead you to happiness here and hereafter.You have, some of you, been called by the admonitions of affectionate and godly parents, who, perhaps from the skies are beckoningyou this morning in spirit to follow them to Paradise. You were further invited to the path of holiness by loving friendsin Sunday school-the recollections of whose earnest warnings have not quite faded from the tablets of your memory.

Frequently the voice of God's minister has bid you to come to Jesus from the pulpit. And Conscience, a nearer pleader still,if you would but hear his voice, has often echoed the voice of God setting its seal to the testimony of God's Word, biddingyou turn from your evil ways and acquaint yourself with God that you might be at peace. And yet up till now it may be saidof many of you, "Yes, you heard not; yes, you knew not; yes, from that time that your ear was not opened."

As yet the plow has been driven upon a rock which has not felt its power. The bread has been cast upon the water and aftermany days there is no return. Three times a "yes" is put in our text, as if to show God's wonder at man's obstinacy,

and the certainty that such was the state of the heart. It was certainly so. You heard, but it went in one ear and out theother! You heard and heard not-you heard as sticks and stones might hear-or as cold, insensible steel. You knew not thoughthe knowledge was before your eyes and you might have known it. You are, I fear, many of you, among the blind people thathave eyes and the deaf people who have ears who refuse to use their eyes and fast close their ears through willful ignorance.You know not what you might have known. The very birds of the air know their time, and the fishes of the sea obey the lawsof the world's great Governor-but ungodly men are more stupid and foolish than irrational creatures! The net is spread beforeus and yet we fly into it! The lure is laid before our very eyes and yet we willfully are ensnared!

This accusation which God brought against the Jews, He can this day bring against the Gentiles, and who shall dare deny it?More painful, still, is it to remember that in a certain degree the same accusation may be laid at the door of believers inthe Lord Jesus Christ! Even those who have received Divine Grace to become the sons of God have not such a degree of spiritualsensibility as they should have. Alas, my Brothers and Sisters, we may well bewail ourselves that we do not hear the voiceof God as we ought. God often speaks in the heart of man, but man regards Him not. There are gentle motions of the Holy Spiritin the soul which are unheeded by us. There are whispers of Divine commands and of heavenly love in our souls which alikeare unobserved by our lead intellects.

God speaks to us in the silent shadows of the night, but when we lie awake we are not with Him, though He is with us. Howoften do we shirk a duty clearly revealed to us as a duty? How constantly do we postpone obedience to precepts which are onlyto be fully obeyed by being kept at once? How constantly are we in the habit, when a command becomes disagreeable, even thoughwe know it to be right, of ignoring it? Forgetting it and finding apologies for neglect? How little is there of the littlechild about us, and how much of the willful man! We are not like the sheep that follows close at the shepherd's hand, but,I fear we are more like the bull unaccustomed to the yoke which kicks against the pricks!

Whether you have to make the same confessions in private that I have to make I do not know, but verily I must say, "Guilty,"if the Lord says to me, "Yes, you have not heard." "Yes, you have not known." There are matters within which we ought to see-corruptionswhich are making headway unobserved-sweet affections which are being blighted like flowers in the frost, untended and uncaredfor by us. There are gleams of heavenly sunlight which would enter if we did not shut them out. There are glimpses of theDivine Face which might be perceived if we did not wall up the windows of our soul-but we have not known.

It is marvelous how little of introspection there is with many of God's people-how little they look within-how little theylook after their own vineyard and the garden of their own souls. I am afraid most of us would have to say, "It is so," ifit were said," Yes, you have not known." Alas, though our ears are open, they naturally soon close themselves. They need tobe cleansed again and again. Sanctification has need to be in us, my Brethren, a perpetual work, a daily work. If ever weare to be sanctified wholly-spirit, soul, and body (as we thank God we shall be)-we shall need to have the blood of Jesusapplied every day. We need to go continually to Him and ask that the Holy Spirit would manifest in us the cleansing influenceof the Gospel of Jesus Christ-for still we do not hear and know as we should hear and know-nor are our ears opened as we shoulddesire.

Having thus reminded you, dear Friends, of your sin, trusting we may be led to confess it with deep humility, I have now anencouraging Truth of God to tell to you this morning-a very simple one. I leave no room for any of the graces of oratory,but tell of a Truth which, to my mind, has been exceedingly refreshing. And I trust it may be to yours. It is this, that allthis folly and ignorance, and obstinacy and rebellion on our part was foreknown by God! And notwithstanding that foreknowledge,He yet has been pleased to deal with us in a way of mercy.

That one Truth is the subject of this morning's discourse. We read it in these words, "For I knew that you would deal verytreacherously, and were called a transgressor from the womb." The same Truth is stated in the fourth verse, "Because I knewthat you were obstinate, and your neck was an iron sinew, and your brow brass." First, we shall endeavor to address this Truthof God to the Believer, and secondly to the unbeliever.

I. First, THE BELIEVER. The latter part of our text mentions a mournful fact, "I knew that you would deal very treacherously,and were called a transgressor from the womb." Believer, here, then, is this sorrowful Truth-you have dealt very treacherously!Does not the very mention of this bring tears into your eyes? Ah, if your heart were not hard, it

would be so. You have dealt very treacherously! Let me sound those two words again, "treacherously." "Very treacherously."

You are the beloved of Heaven, redeemed by blood, called by Divine Grace! You are preserved in Christ Jesus, accepted in theBeloved, on your way to Heaven, soon to be with God! And yet, "You have dealt very treacherously." Very treacherously withGod, your best Friend! Very treacherously with Jesus, whose you are! Very treacherously with the Holy Spirit, by whom aloneyou can be quickened unto life eternal! That word, "treacherously," is one which a man would not like to have applied to himselfin the common transactions of life. He would feel it to be very galling, and, if there were truth in it, very degrading! Andyet I question whether it will produce the same effect upon our minds when it is applied to us in relation to unfaithfulnessto God!

We have dealt with Him very treacherously. Come, let me refresh your memories, my Beloved in the Lord. How treacherous youand I have been to our own vows and promises when we were first converted! Do you remember the love of your espousals, thathappy time, the springtide of spiritual life when the rain was over and gone, and the voice of the turtledove was heard inyour soul? Oh, how closely did you cling to your Master then! You heard some of the older saints complaining that their soulswere cleaving to the dust-you wondered at them-for you said within yourself, "The blessedness I know in finding Christ willcontinue with me forever! He shall never have to charge me with indifference. My feet shall never grow slow in traveling theway of His service. I will not suffer my heart to go wandering after other loves. White and ruddy is my Beloved with all humanexcellencies and Divine glories combined! Farewell, all you meaner creatures, for in Him is every store of sweetness ineffable.I give all up! I renounce all for my Lord Jesus' sake."

But now, has it been so? Charge your memory-has it been so? Conscience, what do you say to this? Alas, if Conscience speaks,it will say, "He who promised so well has performed most ill. Prayer has oftentimes been slurred-it has been short, but notsweet-it has been brief, but not fervent. Communion with Christ has been forgotten by the day, no, by the weeks together!Instead of a heavenly mind there have been carnal cares, worldly vanities and thoughts of evil. Instead of service, therehas been disobedience! Instead of fervency, lukewarmness. Instead of patience, petulance. Instead of faith, confidence inan arm of flesh."

We have, if we look at what we thought we should be and at what we are, reason to confess that we have dealt very treacherously.Look at this picture, and on that look at what we vowed to be, and at what we have been-truly none among us will be able tosay, "Not guilty." We must confess that we have been traitors to the Most High! This is not all. It is not merely that wehave failed in promises which were made in a period of excitement, but we have been treacherous to obligations which werealtogether apart from voluntary vows on our part. We have been treacherous to the most blessed relationships which mercy couldhave instituted. Know you not that you are redeemed men and women, and therefore the property of the Lord Jesus? "You arenot your own," says the Apostle, "For you are bought with a price." "Forasmuch as you know that you were not redeemed withcorruptible things, as silver and gold but with the precious blood of Jesus."

I ask you, my Brothers and Sisters in Christ, most solemnly-have you not lived as if you were your own? Have you not foundyourselves full often spending your strength for self and for the world, and robbing Jesus of that which He purchased at sodear a price? Treachery to the blood of Jesus! What words shall I use in denouncing it? Words would little avail-let our penitentthoughts execrate the sin which is so surely in us! Treacherous to Your wounds, O Jesus! Oh forgive us, and let us not befarther guilty of it! How shameful to be treacherous to Him who never forgets us, but who this day stands with our names engravedon His breastplate before the eternal Throne.

Remember that we are soldiers of Christ, enlisted soldiers, sworn in for a life-long campaign. As soldiers, by cowardice,disobedience, and desertion, we have been treacherous to a very shameful degree. You know what the military penalty is fora treacherous soldier on earth! Truly, if we had been accused and condemned by court martial, and ordered to be shot dead,we should have been dealt with most righteously! We have been armed, and carried bows, and have turned back in the day ofbattle! When we ought to have fought we have fled! When we should have stood fast we have swerved! And when we might haveconquered we have basely surrendered!

We have been treacherous, also, as disciples of Christ. We were taken into His school to be taught and trained. We engagedto sit at His feet and learn His Word. We engaged to imitate His example, to abide by His precepts. Who among us has not playedthe Peter and sometimes denied Him? Who among us can say that he has not forsaken Christ and fled in

some sharp hour of persecution? Beloved, as disciples we are not worthy of the name! If the Master should discharge us foreverfrom His sacred school of holy learning, and say, "You have been false friends. You have eaten bread with Me, but lifted upyour heel against Me. You have only followed Me in the days of sunshine, but have gone from Me in the days of storm," shouldwe not have to bow our heads before Him, and say, "Lord, it is even so"?

Worst of all is the fact that we have been treacherous to our Lord in a relationship where fidelity constitutes the very essenceof bliss! I mean in the marriage bond which exists between our soul and Christ. There is not one among us who would not blushor feel indignant if the slightest accusation could be brought against our conjugal fidelity to those who are dear to us onearth. But there is a marriage which has been consummated between us and a nobler Bridegroom than this earth can find, andhere-ah, where are your blushes!-let your cheeks burn as you confess the unpardonable infidelity! We have been unfaithfulto the Well-Beloved, the infinitely glorious Husband of our souls!

We are one with Him! By eternal union, one, and yet we treat Him so treacherously! Never did He have a thought towards usthat was unkind. Never one faithless wandering of His holy immutable mind! But as for us, we have thought of a thousand loversand suffered our heart to be seduced by rivals which were no more to be compared with Christ than darkness is to be comparedwith the blaze of noon! It is said of Israel that although they had the manna from Heaven to eat, and God-given water to drink,and the Divine Presence resplendent in the night in the pillar of fire, and comforting by day in the shadowy pillar of cloud,yet they did remember the leeks, the garlic, and the onions of Egypt! What foolery is this, that God all glorious is to bedespised and the rank ill-scented garden stuff of Egypt-leeks, and garlic, and onions-are put in the place of Jehovah! Andyet such is our case. Thrice glorious Lord Jesus, we must confess in Your Presence that we have behaved very treacherouslyand gone after worthless trifles when our soul should have been set on You alone.

I shall not enlarge upon a subject so painful, because I trust I may have sufficiently revived your memories to bring youinto a state of humiliation. We pass on to the second Divine statement of the text, that all this was known-"You have behavedvery treacherously, and I knew that you would do so." It was all known. The Lord foreknew all the original corruption of Hispeople-

"He saw them ruined in the Fall, Yet loved them notwithstanding all."

It was no secret that we were transgressors from the womb. God knew it! He chose us as such. He saw us depraved, debased sonsof Adam with judgment unhinged, conscience darkened, affections polluted, and wills perverted. He saw the neck as an ironsinew and the brow of brass, and yet He chose us who from birth were full of sin!

As the Lord foreknew the fountain of sin, so He knew all the streams which would gush from it. There is not a sin which achild of God has committed, or ever shall commit, which was not clearly foreseen to the prescient eye of God Most High fromall eternity. You deny Him to be God if you deny that-for it enters into the very essential of Deity that He should know everything.There are no unknown things to God! He fills His own eternal now. Man only occupies the present, which is ever fleeting-butthe past, the present, and the future are all as one moment with God. A thousand years in His sight are but as yesterday whenit is past. Therefore all the actual transgressions of His people were conspicuous before His eternal mind-

"Long before the sun's refulgent ray Primeval shades of darkness drove."

And all the evil thoughts which have gone with these evil actions were foreknown to Him. If there are mixed up with the sinsome motive more vile than the crime itself. If unexpressed and unknown to man there should lurk in our breast some passionmore pernicious than malice ever produced. If there should be a thought more devilish than Satan's vilest deed. If there shouldbe known to us some cursed imagination so diabolical that we dare not whisper it in the ear of our most tender friend-yetall was well known in Heaven ages before! God knew that the root of all evil was in your heart and foresaw how it would shootand spread and bear its horrid fruit.

Perhaps there is someone here who is recollecting in his mind some gross sin of fearful name into which he fell in bygoneyears but which he never will forget, let him live for centuries. God has forgiven him, but he never can forgive himself.Some of the old bones of former feasts with Satan will stick in our throat. It matters not though we have humbled ourselvesa hundred times for them, we still have need to say with David, "Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions."

Let us here again recall to our minds the fact that all our sinfulness and the development of it, and all the thoughts andevil imagination that went with that development-and all and sundry the aggravations of our sin, whatever they may have been-mustclearly have been known to God. Nothing has come out of us which God did not know would come out of us. We have never surprisedthe Most High! We have never brought Him to such a position that He could say, "I did not know this." We have never gone intoany sin of which it could be said concerning God that He did not know that it would so be worked by us.

Now I think I hear impatient minds enquiring clamorously, "what purpose is there in the preacher's repeating to us this statement?He puts it over and over again in very simple terms. What is he aiming at? Where is the edification to the people of God?"In the first place, here is the edification. Seeing that this is most certain and sure, I want you to adore the amazing Graceof God! Do you see, then, that knowing and foreknowing, God nevertheless chose us, elected us- though He saw us covered fromhead to foot with sin! When election's eye fell upon us we were regarded as the helpless infant in Ezekiel, cast out unwashedand unswaddled to perish in our filth! But then, viewing us as such, the Divine heart loved us! "His great love," says theApostle, "wherewith He loved us even when we were dead in trespasses and sins." We were, as Kent puts it-

"Loved when a wretch defiled with sin, At war with Heaven, in league with Hell, A slave to every lust obscene, Who, living,lived but to rebel." Do you not admire the marvelous Sovereign Grace which could have chosen you in the sight of all this?I can understand God's choosing me if He had not known my sinfulness, or if He had known only a part of it. But that He shouldchoose me when He had an infinitely clearer sense of my sin than I ever can have is, indeed, wonderful! I do know somethingof my sins at times, and am horrified at them. Yet I never have had such a clear estimate of my sinfulness as God has, forthe least sin is hateful to God and He looks upon it as worthy of the eternal fires of Hell! Yet we, in whom there is notonly to be found little sin, but multitudes of great iniquities were chosen from before the foundation of the world!

Child of God, does not this make you admire electing love? Further remember that in consequence of your election your wereredeemed! Come here and wonder at the price that was paid for you, a traitor! You have dealt very treacherously, and yet youwere redeemed not with silver and gold, but with the precious blood of Christ-when Christ knew what you would be. What doyou say to this? Does not that thought make your eyes swim in tears as you think that He who hangs bleeding there foresawyou as being unbelieving, backsliding, cold of heart, indifferent, careless, lax in prayer, and yet He said, "I am the Lordyour God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior. I gave Egypt for your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for you. Since you were preciousin My sight, you have been honorable, and I have loved you. Therefore will I give men for you, and people for your life"?O Redemption, how wondrously resplendent do you shine when we think how vile we are!

And then, dear Friends, remember that you have been adopted into the Lord's family as well as redeemed. Now when a man adoptsa child, he supposes that he shall have an obedient child, that the child will be of a pliable temper and he shall be ableto rule and govern it. But by-and-by, perhaps, it turns out to be a very sorry specimen of the race. It grieves the generousspirit much to experience its ingratitude to him. Then he complains to himself, "If I had known what this child would havebeen, I should never have adopted it. I would have looked somewhere else." See, Beloved, God knows what His children willbe-that they will deal very disobediently-and yet for all that He says, "I will put them into the family." I might thus enumerateall the marvelous works which Divine Grace has worked in us and for us. And I think they would all shine very abundantly inthe simple light of God's having known what we would be, and having done, with this knowledge, all that He has done for us.

Furthermore, I think this Truth of God is very important to us because in the light of it our security is clearly manifest.I cannot understand how we can be perplexed with the thought that God will cast us away, now we are His people, if it is truethat all the sins we have committed since conversion were all present before His mind! For surely if there is a reason inour sin for God casting us away now, since He foreknew that sin, it would have been an equally valid reason for His neverloving us at all!

A man undertakes mining operations in such-and-such a place. He says, "I shall dig for iron." Well, he meets with great difficulties,hard rocks to bore through and so on. He comes to this conclusion, "If I had known of this labor, and

of the expense, I should not have sought for the metal here." But suppose the man is well aware of everything, and that hemeets with nothing but what he foresaw? Then you may depend upon it that the man means business, and having commenced operationshe will continue working till he obtains that which he seeks after.

Now our God can never be obstructed by a circumstance in us which can create surprise in His mind or throw His course outof His reckoning. He knew that we should be what we are and He determined to save us in the teeth of all our rebellion. And,my Brothers and Sisters, I am persuaded that since the Divine determination was wisely made, the cost all counted and everycircumstance taken into consideration, there can be no shadow of a fear that He will ever turn aside from His eternal purpose.Has He found me, as His child, to be exceedingly willful? Will that tempt Him to drive me from the family? He knew I shouldbe willful! It might have prevented His beginning to love, but, seeing He has begun, how can it operate to make Him ceasefrom blessing?

Oh let this be a comfort to you, when the evil of sin weighs most heavily upon your faith! Your soul is married to Christ!Now, when a man takes a wife, it is for better or worse. And I can imagine that a man with a very base wife might say, "HadI known this woman better. Had I known how she would constantly make my house unhappy, there certainly would have been nomarriage tie between us." But no husband could say that unless he was an arrant fool, if he were able, beforehand, to seeas in a glass all that would happen between him and his spouse in his married life! And if he, with his eyes open, made thechoice, surely he could never repent it without confessing his folly in running into the snare. If he has wisely done he willstand to his engagement and prove the power of his love.

So it is between our condescending Lord and His elect. He has taken all our sins into the estimate when entering into marriagebonds with us, and He says, "I will even betroth you unto Me in faithfulness: and you shall know the Lord." "The Lord, theGod of Israel, says that he hates putting away." He has foreknown all their faults and yet ordained them unto eternal life.Therefore are his people safe!

This truth also, I think, should tend very much to enhance our sense of the fullness which is treasured up in Christ Jesus.The Lord our God has provided for us in Christ all the necessities that can occur, for He has foreknown all these necessities."I knew that you would be this and that." Oh, is your heart heavy this morning? God knew it would be! There is the comfortthat your heart's needs are already treasured in the promise. Seek the promise! Believe it and obtain

it!

Do you feel, this morning, that you never were so consciously vile as you are now? Behold the crimson Fountain is still openwith all its former efficacy to wash your sins away. Never shall you come into such a position that Christ cannot aid you.No pinch shall ever come in your spiritual affairs in which Jesus Christ shall not be equal to the emergency, for it has allbeen foreknown and provided for in Him. A man goes on a journey across the desert, and when he has made a day's advance andpitches his tent, he discovers that he lacks many comforts and necessities which he has not brought in his baggage. "Ah,"he says, "I did not foresee this. If I had this journey to do again, I should bring these things with me so necessary to mycomfort."

But God has foreseen all the necessities of His poor wandering children! And when those needs occur, supplies will be foundready. "My grace is sufficient for you." "As your days, so shall your strength be." I think the Truth of God is capable ofbeing turned in many lights, but I must leave it with you. I believe the child of God will find that, simple as the doctrineof God's foreknowledge is, it is remarkably full of comfort. Some, who know no better, harp upon the foreknowledge of ourrepentance and faith, and say that, "Election is according to the foreknowledge of God." A very scriptural statement, butthey make a very unscriptural interpretation of it.

Advancing by slow degrees, they next assert that God foreknew the faith and the good works of His people. Undoubtedly true,since He foreknew everything. But then comes their groundless inference, namely, that therefore the Lord chose His peoplebecause He foreknew them to be Believers! It is undoubtedly true that foreknown excellencies are not the causes of electionsince I have shown you that the Lord foreknew all our SIN! And surely if there were enough virtue in our faith and goodnessto constrain Him to choose us, there would have been enough demerit in our bad works to have constrained Him to reject us!So that if you make foreknowledge to operate in one way, you must also take it in the other-and you will soon perceive thatit could not have been from anything good or bad in us that we were chosen, but according to the purpose of His own will,as it is written, "I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion."

Herein God's great power may be seen and His decree is made to roll, in peals of thunder over the heads of rebellious men-thatthey shall hear it even though they gnash their teeth at it. So, then, "it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs,but God that shows mercy."

II. And now, for a short time, as God shall help me, I have to use the text in its relation to UNCONVERTED PERSONS. I shallhopefully believe, this morning, that there are some in God's House, who, although they are unsaved, are, nevertheless, sufficientlyaroused to desire eternal life-who have in them at least some sense of their guilt and their dan-ger-and are anxious, if itmay be, to find mercy. The doctrine of my text may afford them some comfort.

My dear Friend, you have discovered lately the natural vileness of your heart. If at one time anyone had told you that yourheart was deceitful above all things and desperately wicked, you would have been very angry. But you know it to be so now,painfully know it. You wish, sometimes, that you had never been born sooner than that this should be the case. This day youhave brought before your mind, by your quickened conscience, your actual transgressions. There is no need that you shouldread the list, but the roll may well be written within and without with lamentations, for it is written within and withoutwith iniquities.

In addition to this, this morning, you have a deep regret for your long delay in seeking mercy, for you have been called bythe Gospel thousands of times-sometimes more than outwardly called-for conscience has been impressed and aroused, but yourgoodness "has been as the morning cloud, and as the early dew." You have quenched the Spirit of God. You have resisted frequentlythe better volitions of your own spirit. You feel sorrowful that this is the case. And this morning you are willing to acknowledgethat there have been special aggravations in your case-you have sinned against more light than usual-against more expostulationsthan ordinary. You have sinned with less excuse, with more fearful pertinacity. All this you acknowledge.

Now, my dear Hearers, the Gospel of Jesus Christ is sent to you in the state in which you now are-to you lost by nature, ruinedby practice, and undone in a thousand ways! The Gospel says to you, even to you, "Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and youshall be saved." Now, in order that you may get a hold on that Gospel despite the difficulties which your sins would raise,I would remind you of the Truth of God of which we have been speaking. All these sins, delays, aggravations and rebellionsof yours-they were all foreknown to God! Therefore, since He has sent the Gospel to you, I pray you be not slow to acceptit, since it is not possible that your sins, whatever they may be, can at all militate against the fact that if you believeand receive the Gospel you shall be saved!

Let me remind you that if God had not intended to save men upon believing-if their sins were so great that He did not intendto save them if they trusted in Jesus-why then, since He foreknew these things He would never have planned the plan of salvationat all! If He stops now and refuses to be gracious, why did He not stay His hand in the very first stage of the business?You would not devise a scheme, surely, unless you meant to go further. Who sits down to make plans of a house unless he hassome notion of carrying them out? If God intended no mercy to such a sinner as you are, why did He devise a plan which issuitable to such a sinner as you are? Why invent a scheme by which a rebel might be saved if He foreknew that on account ofsin that rebel never could be pardoned?

Let me ask you, do you think God would have gone farther-gone to the vast expense of providing a Savior-if really the Gospelwere null and void? Jesus Christ hangs on the Cross to die for sinners-sinners whose sins were all foreknown! Do not say,therefore, that God does not intend to save, for if He had not intended to save, He would have stopped before He gave HisSon for a sacrifice and nailed Him to the tree! "Ah, but," you say, "mine is a particular and special case." Then I remindyou that since God had known all that, if He intended to leave your case out, why did He not say so in the Bible? If thiswere something new that had arisen since the Scriptures were written, then I could understand that yours might be exceptional!But nothing is new with the Most High.

Now, if the Lord intended to leave out a case He would have mentioned it, and we should have found somewhere in the Bible,"Go you into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature except such-and-such a one." I do not find it so. "Preachthe Gospel to every creature." Here it is, "He that believes and is baptized, shall be saved." He makes not an exception.He bids us go and proclaim it east, west, north, and south. "Ah, but," you say, "still mine is a very special difficulty."Yes, but I tell you again your God foreknew, and you may depend upon it, He provided for it in the plan of salvation. He says,"If you believe, you shall be saved." He says not, "Unless you have committed this or that." He says, "If you believe." AndGod is not true unless He saves every soul that believes in Jesus.

Though a man had damned himself a thousand times with the blackest filth that ever came from Hell, yet, if he believes inJesus, God must be true to His solemn promise! It is not possible that the sin of man could justify God in flying from Hispromise or denying Himself. He declares full pardon to every soul that trusts in the Lord Jesus-I pray you slander not myLord and Master by saying that this or that could make Him take His words back, or break His Covenant in Christ Jesus. Yourblasphemies-He knew what oaths you would swear. Your lusts and evil deeds-He knew into what mire you would plunge. The imaginationsof your wicked heart-He knew them! Yes, they have been before His eternal mind every moment since the world began and beforeit.

He knew that you would be a sinner-He never ceased to know your sins. All things are present before God at every time andyour aggravating sins have been before God's mind at every moment of eternity, if we may use the expression. And yet, notwithstandingthat, He says, "Come now, and let us reason together, says the Lord: though your sins are as scarlet, they shall be as whiteas snow. Though they are red like crimson, they shall be as wool." God knew YOU, Sinner! He did not fall upon the penitent'sneck and kiss him, and think him clean and pure and chaste while He kissed him. He knew that he had spent his living withharlots. God knew that he went to feed with the swine, and yet He took him into His house and heart and fed him daintily!

He knew what you have done in secret, in the darkness of the night, in the chamber where none may follow you, in the innerchamber of your soul where you have rebelled worse than in your outward actions. He knew it all, and yet He says, "Let himreturn unto the Lord, and He will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for He will abundantly pardon. For My thoughts arenot your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways, says the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My wayshigher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts."

I do humbly and earnestly trust that the Lord may lead some sinner-whose sins He has so clearly discerned-to perceive thesuitability of Christ to his own case and to close with the proclamation of mercy, and to say-

"I'll to the gracious King approach,

Whose scepter, pardon gives.

I can but perish if I go.

I am resolved to try,

For if I stay away,

I know I must forever die.

But if I die with mercy sought,

When I the King have tried

This were to die delightful

As sinner never dies."

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