Sermon 648. Degrees Of Power Attending The Gospel



"For our Gospel came not unto you in word only, but also inpower, and in the Holy Spirit and in much assurance; as you knowwhat manner of men we were among you for your sake." 1 Thessalonians 1:5.

PAUL here claimed two things which are absolutely necessary to success in the Christian ministry. He could call the Gospel,"our Gospel," and this is a foremost essential in a sent servant of Jesus Christ. Paul, Silas and Timothy, here speaking atonce, declare the word which they had preached tobe their own in a peculiar sense-every true minister must be able to do the same-we must, ourselves, have been saved beforewe preach salvation. "I believed, therefore have I spoken," says the Psalmist. "We also believe, and therefore speak," saythe whole college of theApostles. Without faith, the religious teacher is a mere pretender unworthy of respect.

The Christian minister must, however, not only believe the truth of what he asserts, but he must experimentally enjoy it.The farmer that labors must, himself, also first be a partaker of the fruit. Before Ezekiel delivered to the people the prophecieswhich were written in the roll, the voice cameto him, "Son of man, eat this roll." And he did not only take it into his mouth, where it was like honey for sweetness,but it descended even into his bowels and mingled with his innermost self. We must, ourselves, feel the weight of that burdenof the Lord which we proclaim toothers, or we shall not be ministers of the Apostolic sort, but rather shall be descendants of the hypocritical Phariseeswho bound heavy burdens, grievous to be borne, upon other men's shoulders but were not willing to touch them with so muchas one of their fingers.

The Apostle Paul could, with peculiar propriety, call the Gospel his own. On the road to Damascus he had singularly experiencedits mighty power. And afterwards-in many trials, in many difficulties, in varied experiences, in furious temptations-he hadmade each Truth of Scripture hisown by having tasted its sweetness, handled its strength, proved its comfort and tried its power! Do not think of preaching,young man, until you have the Truth of God written on your very soul! As well think of steering the Great Eastern across theocean without knowing the firstprinciples of navigation! As well think of setting up as an ambassador without your country's sanction as to dare to intrudeyourself into the Christian ministry unless the Gospel is first your own.

No amount of training at Oxford, or Cambridge, or anywhere else-no extent of classical or mathematical teaching can ever makeyou a minister of Jesus Christ-if you lack the first qualification, namely a personal interest in salvation by Jesus Christ.What? Will you profess to be aphysician while the leprosy is on your own brow? Will you attempt to stand between the living and the dead when you are,yourself, devoid of spiritual life? The priests of old were touched with the blood upon their thumb, toe and ear to show thatthey were consecrated everywhere.And none among us must dare to exercise any office for God among His people till first of all we know the cleansing, quickening,refining and sanctifying power of the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ!

It must be our Gospel before we may so much as think of aspiring to the high and holy office of the Gospel ministry. But thisalone is not sufficient. The Christian minister, if he would imitate Paul, must be very careful of his manner of life amongthe people. He must be able to say withoutblushing, "You know what manner of men we were among you for your sake." Unselfishness must be our prominent attribute-allmust be done for our people's sake. And then we must, in our lives, show the truthfulness of our unselfish professions. OGod, how much of Grace is neededthat Your servants may be clear of the blood of all men and make full proof of their ministry!

We are not appointed to stand as motionless way-posts to point the way with lifeless accuracy and unsympathizing coldness-thismany have done, and while showing the road have never moved one inch in it themselves-such men shall have terrible judgmentat the last. We are appointed to beguides to the pilgrims over the hills of life and we are bound to attend their footsteps and tread the road ourselves! Clamberingup every Hill of Difficulty and descending every Valley of Humiliation, we are to be crying to the pilgrim band, "Be followersof us even as we arefollowers of Christ Jesus."

It is not for us to say, "Go!" but, "Come!" We are not to bid you do anything without first doing it ourselves. It is an illtime with the preacher when he is compelled to say, "Do as I say and not as I do." Evil practice will drown the best of preaching!Holy living, intense earnestness,passionate longing for souls, vehement importunity in prayer, humility and sincerity must so blend together in our walkand conversation, that having the Gospel to be our own, we may be fully fitted for the work of the Christian ministry-"foryour sake"-that you who bearus may not find us unprofitable in the day of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Having said this much upon the ministry itself, we observe that our text deals mainly with the hearers, and therefore hasa voice for you. We shall use the text for two purposes-first, by way of discrimination. And, secondly, for instruction.

I. The text suggests and very strongly, too, a thoroughly heart-searching DISCRIMINATION-a mode of testing ourselves by whichour election may be proven, or our unregeneracy discovered. The Gospel comes to all who hear it. In our own land, especiallyamong you who constantly attend places ofworship, it comes to you all. If I understand Scripture aright, it is the same Gospel which comes to the unregenerate asto the regenerate. And though in some it is "a savor of death unto death," and in others, "a savor of life unto life," yetthe distinction is not in the Gospelbut in the way in which it is received or rejected.

Some of our Brethren-who are very anxious to carry out the decrees of God-instead of believing that God can carry them outHimself, always try to make distinctions in their preaching. They preach one Gospel to one set of sinners and another to adifferent class! They are very unlike theold sowers, who, when they went out to sow, sowed among thorns and on stony places and by the wayside. These Brethren, withprofound wisdom, endeavor to find out which is the good ground. They insist upon it that not so much as a single handful ofinvitations may be cast anywherebut on the prepared soil.

They are much too wise to preach the Gospel in Ezekiel's fashion to the dry bones in the valley while they are yet dead. Theywithhold any Word of the Gospel till there is a little quivering of life among the bones! And then they commence operations.They do not think it to be their duty to go intothe highways and hedges and bid all, as many as they find, to come to the supper. Oh, no! They are too orthodox to obeythe Master's will! They desire to understand, first, who are appointed to come to the supper and then they will invite them!That is to say they will do what thereis no necessity to do. They have not faith enough, or enough subjugation of will to the supreme commands of the great Masterto do that which only faith dares do-namely, tell the dry bones to live-bid the man with the withered hand stretch out hisarm and speak to himthat is sick of the palsy and tell him to take up his bed and walk!

It strikes me that refusing to set forth Jesus to all men of every character and refraining from inviting them to come toHim is a great mistake. I do not find David suiting his counsels to the ability of men. David gives commands to ungodly men-"Bewise, therefore, O you kings; be instructedyou judges of the earth. Kiss the Son, lest He be angry and you perish from the way, while His wrath is kindled but a little."He did not withhold his exhortation because they were such rebels that they would not, and could not, kiss the king. No! Hetold them to do it whether theycould or not!

So with the Prophets. They boldly say, "Wash you! Make you clean! Put away the evil of your doings from before My eyes; ceaseto do evil, learn to do well." One of them absolutely cries, "Make you a new heart and a new spirit," (Ezek. 18:31). And yet, I doubt not, that he was perfectly agreed withthat other Prophet who taught the powerlessness of man in those two memorable questions, "Can the Ethiopian change his skin,or the leopard his spots?" These men did not think that they were to judge of what they were to preach by the degree of powerin the hearers-they judgedby the power which dwells in their God to make the Word effectual!

As it was with Prophets, so was it with Apostles! Peter cried to the crowd who gathered about the Beautiful Gate of the temple,"Repent you, therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out." They delivered the Gospel, the same Gospel,to the dead as to the living-the sameGospel to the non-elect as to the elect. The point of distinction is not in the Gospel, but in its being applied by theHoly Spirit, or left to be rejected of man. The same Gospel, it strikes me in the text, came to all! And the point of distinctionwas farther on, namely, in theoperation of that Gospel upon the heart.

1. It appears, then, in the first place, that to some the Gospel comes only in words. Even here there are different levels.To some it only comes in words in a fashion that they scarcely know what it is all about. Some of you go to a place of worshipbecause it is the right thing to do. You sitdown on the seats and sit out an hour-and-a-half or so of penance. When that is done you feel you have performed a veryproper act-but you have no idea what the talk was all about. It may be said of you that hearing you do not hear for your earsare dull and heavy.

You know no more of the Divine mind than the men who were with Saul on the road to Damascus who heard a voice but saw no man.I believe a very large majority of church goers know no more of what the preaching is about than did Jonathan's lad when heran after the arrows. Their flight David wellunderstood, "but the lad knew nothing of the matter." Too many are merely the stolid, unthinking, slumbering worshippersof an unknown God. In others the Word comes in a little better sense, but still in words only. They hear it and they understandit in theory, and probably aremuch pleased with it, especially if it is delivered in a manner which suits their taste, or which commends itself to theirunderstanding. They hear and they do not quite forget.

They remember and are gratified with illustrations, doctrinal truths, and so on-but when you have said that, you have saidit all. The Gospel remains in them as certain potent drugs remain in the chemist's bottles-they are there but they produceno effect. The Gospel comes to them as anunloaded cannon rumbles into its shed, or as a barrel of gunpowder is rolled into the magazine-there is no force in it becausethe fire of God's Spirit is absent. The preacher lashes the air and whips the water. He woos the wind and invites the cloudwhen he preaches to suchas these. They hear, but hear in vain-insensible as steel.

To others it comes in a preferable manner but still only in words. They are really affected by it-the tears stream down theircheeks! They scarcely know how to sit. They resolve, if they once get home, they will pray. They think of amending their lives-pastfollies and present dangerscome before them and they are somewhat alarmed. But the morning cloud is not more fleeing, and the early dew vanishes notsooner than these good things of theirs! They look at their natural face in the glass of the Word, but they go away and forgetwhat manner of men theyare-because the emotion felt is produced by the words and not by the Spirit and Life of the Truth of God.

Why, Brothers and Sisters, men weep at a theater! And weep far more there than they do in many places of worship! Therefore,merely to weep under a sermon is no sign of having derived profit from it. Some of my Brethren are very great hands at unearthingthe dead. They conduct you to the funeralurns of your parents, or remind you of your departed little ones, and possibly they may be the means of introducing betterfeelings by this kind of working upon your emotions! But I am not convinced of it-I am afraid that much of the holy waterwhich is spilt from human eyesin our places of worship is not much more valuable than the holy water at the doors of the Catholic chapels! It is mereeye water, after all, and not heart sorrow.

Mere excitement produced by oratory is the world's weapon in attaining its end. We want something more than that for spiritualpurposes. If we could "speak with the tongues of men and of angels" and stir you up to as great an enthusiasm as ever Demosthenesworked in the Greeks of old-all thatwould avail nothing if it were only the effect of the preacher's impassioned language and telling manner-the Gospel wouldhave come to you "in word only." And that which is born of the flesh is flesh and nothing more.

At this point I may very solemnly ask whether it is not true of some who compose the present congregation that you know thetruth only in word? There is a certain class of persons, and some of them are present this morning, who are professional sermonhearers! You go one Sunday to hear Mr. A. Andthen another Sunday to hear Mr. B. And you carry with you our sacchraometers-instruments for measuring the quantity of sweetnessin each sermon! And you take a gauge of the style and manner of the preacher. You estimate what blunders he makes and howhe could be improved. Andyou compare or contrast him with somebody else, as if you were tea tasters tasting Souchong and Bohea, or cheese mongerstrying Cheddar and American!

Some individuals of this order are little better than spiritual vagabonds without settled habitation or occupation! They goabout from place to place, listening to this and to that and getting no good whatever. And as to doing good, the thought neverenters their brain. You cannot expect that theGospel will come to you in anything else but as a killing letter, for you go to hear it as merely words. You do not lookfor fruit-if you see leaves you are quite satisfied. You do not desire a blessing! If you did, you would receive it. It isat once one of the most wickedand one of the most foolish habits to waste our time in constantly criticizing God's Word and God's ministers.

Well said George Herbert, "Judge not the preacher, he is your judge." What have you to do to say of God's ambassador? Thathis words were not well mouthed? If God speaks by him, God knows who is best to speak for Him. And if his Master sent theman, beware lest you ill-treat him, or you may sufferlike they of old who ill-treated the ambassadors of David and drove him to proclaim war against them.

2. According to the text, there are others to whom the Word comes with three accompaniments. The Apostle speaks of "power,"and "the Holy Spirit," and "much assurance." I do not think that the Word of God comes to many people with all these threethings. It comes to a very numerous class with"power." To a smaller number with "power and the Holy Spirit." And to an inner circle of select ones "in the Holy Spiritand in much assurance." If I have the meaning of this passage, and I am not so certain about it as to dogmatize, it strikesme that there are three degrees ofeffect produced by the Gospel.

At any rate, we shall not be wrong in saying that there is sometimes an effect produced by the Gospel which may be called"power," but which, nevertheless, is not the power which saves. To many of you, my dear Hearers, the word of our Gospel hascome with power upon your understandings. You haveheard it, weighed it, judged it, and received it as being true and of Divine authority. Your understanding has assentedto the various propositions which we have proclaimed as doctrines of Christ. You feel that you could not well do otherwise.These Truths of God agree so well andare so adapted at once to the ruin of your nature and to its best aspirations, that you do not kick, as some do, againstit. You have been convinced of the authenticity and authority of the Gospel by the Gospel.

Perhaps you have never read "Paley's Evidences," and never studied "Butler's Analogy," but the Gospel itself has come to youwith sufficient power to be its own witness to you and your understanding joyfully acknowledges that this is the Word of Godand you receive it as such. It has done more thanthat-it has come with power to the conscience of some of you. It has convicted you of sin. You feel now that self-righteousnesson your part is folly, and though you may indulge in self-righteousness, it is with your eyes open. You do not sin now socheaply as you once did,for you know a little of the sinfulness of sin.

Moreover, you have had some alarms with regard to the ultimate end of sin. The Gospel has made you know that the wages ofsin will be death. You feel that you cannot dwell with everlasting burnings. Your heart is ill at ease when you think uponthe wrath to come. Like Felix you tremble when you arereasoned with concerning "righteousness and judgment to come." And though you have put it off as yet and have said, "Goyour way till I have a more convenient season," yet it has come to you so far with a degree of power.

More than this, it has had an effect upon your feelings as well as upon your conscience. Your desires have been awakened.You have sometimes said, "Oh that I were saved!" You have advanced as far, at any rate, as Balaam when he said, "Let me diethe death of the righteous." Your feelings of hopeare excited-you hope that you may yet lay hold of eternal life and your fears are not altogether dead-you tremble when underthe Word of God. Natural emotions, which look like spiritual ones, have been produced in you by the beaming of the Word-thoughas yet theGospel has not come with the Holy Spirit. Beyond all this, the Gospel has come with power to some of you on your lives.I can look with anxious pleasure upon some of you because I know the Gospel has done you much good, though it has not savedyou.

Alas, there are others to whom it has only been for a time as a bit and bridle. But they have afterwards turned aside fromit. There are those here, who, like the dogs, have gone back to their vomit and, like the sow that was washed, to their wallowingin the mire. We had hope for you once, but wemust almost cease to hope. Certain persons rush into drunkenness after seasons of abstinence-having known the evil of thesin-and having professed to hate it. The passion has been too strong for them and they have fallen again into that deep ditchin which so many of theabhorred of the Lord lie and rot.

Oh, may God, in His infinite mercy, bring the Gospel with something more than this common power to your souls! May it comewith "the Holy Spirit" as well as with power! You see, we have come up by steps to some considerable height already, but wenow come to a far nobler elevation and speak ofsaving Grace. To many in this house, as at Thessalonica, the Word has come "in the Holy Spirit." Brothers and Sisters, Icannot describe to you how it is that the Holy Spirit op- erates by the Word. The work of the Spirit is figured forth by somesuch mysterious timing as a birth,or as the blowing of the wind. It is a great secret, and therefore not to be expounded.

But many of you know it experimentally. The Holy Spirit, first of all, came to you as a great Quickener. How He made you liveyou do not know-but this you do know-that what you once had not, you now have! You know that there burns within you a vitalspark of heavenly flame far differentfrom that ordinary spark of life which had been there before! You now have different feelings, different joys, differentsorrows from any you were conscious of before! While you were listening to the letter which kills, the Spirit of God camewith it and the quickening Spirit madeyou live with a new, higher and more blessed life!

You now have within you Jesus Christ, who is Life and Immortality! You have Heaven begun within your heart! You have passedfrom death unto life and shall never come into condemnation! To you the Word of God has come with the Holy Spirit in a quickeningsense. Then it entered with an illuminatingpower. It enlightened you as to your sins. What blackness you discovered in your sins when the Holy Spirit once cast a lightupon them! Brethren, you had no idea that you were such sinners as you turned out to be. The Holy Spirit startled and astonishedyou with revelations of thatgreat and fathomless depth of depravity which you found to be surging within your souls!

You were alarmed, humbled, cast into the dust. You began, perhaps, to despair-but the same illumination of the Spirit camein to comfort you-for He then showed you Christ Jesus! He showed you the unbounded power of His blood to take away your unboundedsins! He revealed to you Hiswillingness to receive you just as you were, His suitability to your case and to your circumstances. And as soon as yousaw Jesus in the light of the Holy Spirit you looked unto Him and were lightened-and therefore your face has never been ashamed.

So the Spirit of God came to you as light to dispel your darkness and give you joy and peace! Since that time you have experiencedthe Holy Spirit as comforting you. Amidst darkest shades He has risen as the sunlight upon your souls. Your burdens have beenremoved by Him, the blessed Paraclete! Hehas brought Christ, and the things of Christ, to your remembrance. He has opened up to you precious promises. He has crackedthe shell and given you to partake of the kernel of the privilege of the Covenant of Grace. He has broken the bone and satisfiedyou with marrow and fatnessout of the deep things of God. His dove-like wings, whenever they brood over you, bring order out of confusion and yieldkindly comfort in the midst of adversity.

You have also felt the Holy Spirit in His inflaming energies. He has rested on you when you have heard the Word, as the Spiritof burning-your sin has been consumed by the holy revenge which you felt against it. You have been led to great heights oflove to Christ, till you could sing-

"Had I ten thousand thousand tongues, Not one should be silent! Had I ten thousand thousand hearts, I'd give them all to You."

When the Holy Spirit has blessed the Word, your heart has been like the altar of incense with the flame always burning anda sweet perfume going up, acceptable to the Most High!

Beloved, you have also felt the Holy Spirit with the Word as a spirit of rejoicing! Oh, the bliss we have sometimes tasted!I am very frequently heavy in spirit, but oh, the raptures which my heart has known when the Holy Spirit has shown me my eternalelection of God! My standing in Christ Jesus!My completeness and acceptance in the Beloved! My security through the faithfulness of the eternal God! What delights comestreaming into the soul when you read of everlasting love, of faithfulness never wavering, of affection never changing, ofa purpose standing fast as pillars ofbrass and firm as the eternal hills!

And oh, Beloved, what extravagance I was about to say, ofjoy do we sometimes feel in anticipation of the glory to be revealed!Looking from Nebo's brow we see the landscape down below, but, better than Moses could do, we drink already of the riverswhich flow with milk and honey and pluck ripefruits from celestial trees. While in communion with Christ Jesus we get the best taste of the glory that remains. Now thisit is to receive the Word, "in the Holy Spirit." Beloved, I hope we know what this means and you who do not know it, may aprayer go up from every living soulhere, "Lord, let the Holy Spirit go with the preaching of Jesus Christ and let it be made effectual unto salvation."

Beloved, the highest point in the text is, "much assurance." If I understand the passage, it means this-first, that they werefully persuaded of its truthfulness and had no staggering or blinding doubts about it. And secondly, that they had the fullestpossible conviction of their interest inthe Truth delivered to them! They were saved, but better still they knew that they were so! They were clean, but betterstill they rejoiced in their purity! They were in Christ, but what is more joyous still, they knew that they were in Christ!They had no doubts, as some of youhave, no dark suspicions. The Word had come with such blessed demonstration that it had swept every doubt clean out of theirhearts!

According to Poole the Greek word used here has in it the idea of a ship at full sail, undisturbed by the waves which ripplein its way. A ship, when the wind is thoroughly favorable and its full sails are bearing it directly into harbor, is not heldback by the surging billows. True, the vesselmay rock, but it neither turns to the right hand, nor to the left. Let the billows be as they may, the wind is sufficientlypowerful to overcome their contrary motion and the vessel goes straight ahead.

Some Christians get the Gospel in that way. They have not a shadow of a doubt about its being true. They have not even thebeginning of a doubt about their interest in it, and therefore they have nothing to do, but with God's strong hand upon thetiller and the heavenly wind blowing right into thesail, to go straight on, doing the will of God and glorifying His name. May the Word come to you, dear Friends, as it doesto so very few! May it come in "full assurance," as well as in "power," and in "the Holy Spirit!"

3. I shall leave this first head of the text when I observe that this is the way in which God's elect are known. The Apostlesays, "Knowing, Brethren beloved, your election of God." Why? Knowing it not by making a guess about it- not by questioningyou whether you are awakenedsinners-whether you are sensible or insensible sinners! Not by waiting to preach the Gospel to you when you are preparedto receive the Gospel-but preaching the Gospel to you as you were and finding out who were the elect by this-that the electof God received theGospel as it came, "in power, and in the Holy Spirit and in much assurance." This is the test of election-the Holy Spiritblessing the Word!

And, dear Friends, if the Holy Spirit has blessed it to you, you need not turn over the mysterious pages of the Divine decrees-foryour name is there! You have not my word for it, but God's Word for it. He would not have brought you to feel the indwellinglife of the Holy Spirit if He hadnot, from before all worlds, ordained you unto eternal life! But mark and observe from the ensuing context-you must givegood proof that it is so, or we cannot say, and even the Apostle could not have said-"Knowing, Brethren beloved, your electionof God."

We cannot tell whether the Word has come to you in the Holy Spirit and in much assurance unless there are the correspondingresults. Listen to these words-"And you became followers of us and of the Lord, having received the Word in much affliction,with joy of the Holy Spirit: so that youwere examples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia. For from you sounded out the Word of the Lord not only in Macedoniaand Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad, so that we need not to speak anything. For theythemselves show of us whatmanner of entering in we had unto you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God. And to waitfor His Son from Heaven whom He raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come."

So you see an imitation of Apostolic example, a faith which becomes so known as to sound abroad, a joy which affliction itselfcannot dampen, and a perseverance which is not to be turned aside by difficulties. You see a conversion which gives up thedearest idols and binds us to Christ and makes uswatch and wait for Him-all these are necessary as proofs of the Holy Spirit having been with the Word. O Beloved, I wouldhave you, the members of this congregation, not only converted, but so converted that there should be no doubt about it! Iwould love to have you not onlyChristians, but such fruit-bearing Christians that there can be no doubt that you have received the Word "in much assurance."

Then shall it be equally clear that you are the elect of God. May the Lord grant that the word here may ever be like a powerfulmagnet thrust into a heap of steel filings and of ashes which shall attract all the filings and bring them out. For that iswhat the Gospel is to do-it is to discernbetween the precious and the vile! It is to be God's winnowing fan to separate His elect from those who are left in theirruin. And it only can do this by the way in which it is received, proving the election of those who receive it, "in the HolySpirit." Thus much by way ofdiscrimination.

II. Have patience for a few minutes while we now use the text by way of PRACTICAL INSTRUCTION. It is clear from the text,by way of practical instruction, that it is not enough to preach the Gospel. Something more is needed for the conversion ofsouls than even that. I have stirred you up veryoften to assist me, dear Brethren, in training those of our young men who have been called to preach the Gospel-that theymay be more efficient in their ministry-and you have kindly helped me.

But we must ever bear in mind that though God should privilege us to send out hundreds of His ministering servants, yet therewill not be a solitary case of conversion worked by them, alone. We wish to do our best to erect fresh places of worship forthis ever-increasing city and it is a happy dayto me whenever I see the top stone brought out of a new House of Prayer! But not one single soul shall ever be made to rejoicein Christ Jesus by the mere fact of a place of worship being erected, or of worship being celebrated in it! We must have theenergy of the Holy Spirit!There is the one all-important matter!

What is there practical about this? Why, then it becomes more and more imperatively necessary that we should be much in prayerto God that the Holy Spirit would come! We have the spirit of prayerfulness among us as a Church. Let me earnestly entreatyou never to lose it. There are certain of myBrothers and Sisters here who are never absent from our great gathering on Monday evening, and whose prayers have broughtdown many blessings! But it is the part of fidelity for me to say that there are some of you who might be here if you would,but seldom favor us with yourpresence. Or, let me say, who seldom do yourselves the happiness of waiting up on God in Prayer Meetings. You are not thebest of our members. You will never be the best of them if you stay away without having a justifiable excuse.

I do not say this to those who I know must be absent. And I do not say it to bring women out who ought to be seeing to theirhusbands, or to bring men out who ought to be attending to their shops. But I say it to some who might as well be here asnot, and would bring no detriment to themselveswhatever by being here. And I must qualify what I say with this-I have less to complain of in this respect than any manin Christendom, for there is no place that I ever knew or heard of where the Prayer Meeting bears so good and fair a proportionto the Sunday gathering as itdoes here.

But still, Brethren, we want you ALL to pray! I would I could see you all! Oh, it were a happy day if we could see this placefull on Monday evening. I do not know why it should not be. It strikes me that if your hearts were once to get thoroughlywarmed we should fill this house for prayer. Andwhat a blessing we might expect to receive! Why, we have had such a blessing already that we have not room enough to receiveit now! But still, as the cup begins to run over, let it run over and over. There are many churches in this neighborhood thatcan catch the spillover and maythey be profited thereby!

Let us increase our praying as we increase our doing. I like that of Martin Luther, when he says, "I have so much businessto do today that I shall not be able to get through it with less than three hours' prayer." Now most people would say, "Ihave so much business to do today that I must onlyhave three minutes' prayer-I cannot afford the time." But Luther thought that the more he had to do the more he must pray,or else he could not get through it! That is a blessed kind of logic-may we understand it! "Praying and provender hinder noman's journey." If youhave to stop and pray, it is no more an hindrance than when the rider has to stop at the farrier's to have his horse's shoefastened, for if he went on without attending to that, it may be that before long he would come to a stop of a far more seriouskind.

Let us learn from the text our own indebtedness to distinguishing and Sovereign Grace. You observe, Beloved, that the Gospeldoes not come with the power of the Holy Spirit to everybody. If, then, it has come to us, what shall we do but bless andpraise the distinguishing Grace which made it cometo us? You observe that the distinction was not in the persons themselves-it was in the way in which the Gospel came. Thedistinction was not even in the Gospel, but in the attendant Holy Spirit, making it effectual. If you have heard the Wordwith power, it was not, dearBrethren, because you were more ready, because you were less inclined to sin, or more friendly towards God. You were analien, a stranger, a foreigner, an enemy-you were "dead in trespasses and sins"-even as others were and are.

There was in you, whatever Papists may say, no Grace of congruity to meet with the Grace of Christ. They say that there issomething in man congruous to the Grace of God, so that when saving Grace comes to those who have the Grace of congruity theyare saved. In me I know everything wasincongruous, everything contrary to God. There was darkness and Light came. There was death and Life entered. There washatred and Love drove it out! There was the dominion of Satan and Christ overcame the traitor-

"Then give all the glory to His holy name, To Him all the glory belongs. Be yours the high joy still to sound forth His name, And praise Him in each of your songs."

A third practical lesson we will but hint at, namely, we see that there are degrees of attainment even among those who havereceived the Word with the Holy Spirit. Let us seek for the very highest degree! You are not generally satisfied with thesame qualities of life-you desire to possessits comforts and luxuries. I will commend you if you carry this into spiritual things. Do not be content merely to be saved,merely to be spiritually alive-ask to be valiant for the Truth of God! I should feel it a great honor, I hope, to be the mostcommon soldier if calledupon to defend my country. But I must confess I should not like to be in the ranks always. I should like, at least, to bemade a corporal very soon and a sergeant as soon as possible. And I should grumble wonderfully much if I could not rise torank among the commissioned officers!

I should like to be found doing my very best and I would reach to the most prominent position if I might better serve my countrythan in the ranks. So I think it should be with the Christian. He is not to seek for honor among men, but, if he can, by gettingmore Grace be more serviceable to his Godand bring more honor to His name, why let him press forward! Ah, my dear Brethren, what business have you to be sittingstill and saying, "It is enough." The "rest-and-be-thankful" policy is not much approved of in politics-and in religion itwill never do!

On! Forward! Upward! As the eagle takes for its motto, "Superior," and still mounts higher and higher and higher till theyoung wing which first trembled at the height has grown into the strong pinion which makes him companion of the sun and playmatewith the lightning, so let the Christian do! Ifhe has learned to "run and not be weary," let him seek to "mount up as on the wings of eagles." Onward, fellow soldier!Be yet more valiant till your name is written among the first three.

To close, does not this text, as a last practical lesson, show us indirectly how a privilege may become a curse? The Wordof God has come to you all. I suppose there is not one here who has not heard the story of the love of God in Christ Jesus.You have been told many times that though man hasfallen and offended God, yet the Lord has set forth His suffering Son, Christ Jesus, to be a Propitiation for sin and thatthrough faith in His name, "Whoever believes on Him shall never perish."

You have been told that God waits to be gracious and that whoever looks to Christ shall live! Whoever calls upon the Lordshall be saved! Now, having heard this, regardless of what some may tell you, we feel bound, as in the sight of God, to warnyou that if this comes "in word only" to you, itwill increase your condemnation! Certain preachers think that this Word is not "a savor of death unto death" to any, butit is, it is! Whatever their theories, whatever hyper-Calvinistic theology may say, it is God's Word that it shall be moretolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the Dayof Judgment than it shall be for cities like Capernaum and Bethsaida, which heard the Word and yet repented not!

You are not machines. You are not creatures merely to be acted upon-you are to act as well as to be moved. And every goodword that reaches your ear is written down as a debt against you. There is no declaration of the Gospel of Jesus Christ which,if refused, does not leave you moredisobedient than you were. Remember how the Apostle states it- "Unto them which are disobedient, the stone which the buildersdisallowed, the same is made the head of the corner and a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense, even to them which stumbleat the word, beingdisobedient: whereunto also they were appointed."

Now they could not have been disobedient if it was not their duty to obey. No man is disobedient where there is no law. Itis, therefore, the duty of every sinner hearing the Gospel to believe it! And if he does not, this same stone shall fall uponhim and shall grind him to powder. Kiss the Son,therefore, lest He, lest He be angry and you perish from the way while His wrath is kindled but a little. The same Saviorwho blesses will be angry. He who loves His people, grows angry with those who reject Him.

And when His wrath is kindled but a little, woe unto the object of it! Blessed are all they that trust in Him and may we befound among that blessed number to the praise and glory of His Grace, wherein He makes us to differ according to the appointmentof His own Divine will. May God bless thisassembly for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen.