Sermon 609. Knowledge Commended
DELIVERED ON SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 15, 1865,
BY C. H. SPURGEON, AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.
"But the people that know their God shall be strong and do exploits. And they that understand among the people shall instructmany." Daniel 11:32,33.
THE uninspired book of the Maccabees is perhaps the best interpreter of this passage in Daniel. The Prophet, we think, refersto the great persecution under Antiochus, when the followers of Judas Maccabees, knowing their God and keeping close to Himamidst general defection, refused to bow beforethe idols of Syria. These were strong, by God's Divine Grace, and did great exploits-wonders of valor we read of in thehistory of Judas and his brethren, and wonders of heroic suffering never surpassed are recounted of the mother and sons andthose other martyrs who, undertortures of the most amazing kind, held fast their faith even to the end. In that age there were some who were stoned, whowere sawn asunder, who felt the violence of fire and yet were not separated from their God by all that the foe could do.
We have a lesson to learn from the text before us, and we therefore leave the historical references and proceed to enter intothe teaching of the text. It appears that the people who did all this were a knowing people and an understanding people. Thoseby whom the exploits were performed were notignorant, but a people who knew their God. Those who helped to keep up the light of Israel in the midst of the thick darknesswere not uninstructed, but were a people who understood.
Our subject this morning is knowledge, and especially the knowledge of the things of God. The matter is very urgent and importantat this season when we are receiving so many young converts into the Church-many of whom need much teaching in the thingsof God. It lies heavily on my heart thatit is my bounden duty to urge these young ones, since they know the elements of the Christian faith, to strive with diligenceto learn more and more of the higher Truths of God. And if they have received some insight into the wondrous revelation ofDivine love, I must urge them topress forward till they comprehend with all saints what are the heights and depths and know the love of Christ which passesknowledge.
The question is often put to us in a very general and vague manner, "Is knowledge a good thing or not?" We are expected togive an answer promptly and without reserve. And if we do so we shall very likely be caught in a trap. "Knowledge-is it agood thing in itself or not?" That depends uponseveral things. You might as well ask me whether air is a good thing. Why, of course, speaking loosely, it is! But thenthere is much bad air in old wells and cellars and so on, which will destroy life-and therefore you cannot expect me to sayat once, if I know you are tryingto trick me-either "Yes," or "No."
Air is a good thing as a general rule of thumb. The lungs require it, man must have it-it is a good thing. So is knowledge.Knowledge heaves the intellectual lungs-it is a good thing. But then there is noxious knowledge, which it were infinitelybetter for us never to receive, just asthere is pestilential air. Is food a good thing? Yes. But if you are alluding to the decayed meat which was seized in themarket, or to adulterated drinks, I am not in such a hurry to answer you. I want to know what sort of food you are alludingto. Food, in the abstract, is a goodthing, but not food univer-sally-for putrid meats will engender disease and bring on ten thousand maladies and destroy thelife which food is meant to sustain.
So is it with knowledge. It is the food of the mind. And yet there is a knowledge which is deadly, poisonous, infectious,full of all manner of mischief and they who know nothing of it are wise. Is water a good thing? Again I answer, "Yes," inthe abstract. So many watery particles are absolutelynecessary to the building up and sustenance of the human frame that every thirsty man knows that water is good. Yet thereis bad water. There have been poisoned wells-water stagnates and becomes putrid and injurious to life-water is good takenabstractedly. And there isa knowledge which, like stagnant or poisoned water, may destroy the soul. The tree of the knowledge of good and evil stoodin Paradise- mark that-but it ruined Paradise, mark that, too!
A man may know much and he may still stand in his integrity-but the chances are that while men are what they are, there willbe a serpent in the tree of knowledge, seeking the ruin of souls. If you want to judge concerning the good or evil of knowledge,you must ask yourself, What is itssource? To have one's lips touched with a live coal is a choice blessing if the seraph brings that coal from off the altarof God. But there are tongues which are set on fire in Hell-and who desires to feel such accursed flame? You must know fromwhere the coal comes beforeyou may consent that it shall touch your lips.
Knowledge may be tested by considering its character. Some knowledge is like the light of the moon-clear, cold, barren, ifnot injurious to health. But heavenly knowledge is fructifying, healthful and genial, chasing away disease like the warm raysof the sun. You may make knowledge good orevil by the way in which you use it. If it is a torch, you may carry it with you to kindle the flame of Tophet's fire, or,on the other hand, by that Heaven-lit torch you may, through Divine Grace, find your way to the gates of Paradise! Judge knowledge,therefore, with discretionand while you seek it as in the abstract an eminently good thing, yet be not in haste to plunge yourself into every abyssto find its bottom, nor into every burning crater to fathom its depth. I know enough of poison without drinking it and enoughof sin without running into it.
This much by way of introduction-we come now to the text. Here we have knowledge of a peculiar kind referred to. Then itshappy influence-it makes men strong to do great exploits. Next, we shall consider the means of its attainment. Fourthly, justa hint as to its danger. And fifthly,the duty of spreading it, contained in the thirty-third verse, "They that understand among the people shall instruct many."
I. First, then, there is A SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE REFERRED TO-"The people that know their God." To know God is the highest andbest form of knowledge. But what can we know of God? Nothing but what He has been pleased to reveal to us. He has revealedsomething of Himself in the Book of Nature andmuck more in the Book of Revelation. And He has been pleased to cast a vivid light upon the Book of Revelation by manifestingHimself unto His people as He does not unto the world.
Those who know the Lord should believe in the unity of His Essence and Subsistence. "Hear, O Israel: the Lord our God is oneLord." There should be no mistaken notions here-the unity of the Godhead is fundamental and mistakes here are fatal. We shouldknow the Lord in the plurality of HisPersons. God said, "Let Us make man in our own image." Let not man be content until he knows something of the "Us" fromwhom his being was derived. Endeavor to know the Father. Bury your head in His bosom in deep repentance and confess that youare not worthy to be called His son.Receive the kiss of His love. Let the ring which is the token of His eternal faithfulness be on your finger. Sit at Histable and let your heart make merry in His Grace.
Seek to know much of the Son of God who is the brightness of His Father's Glory and the express image of His Person and yetin unspeakable condescension of Grace became Man for our sakes. Know Him in the singular complexity of His Nature-eternalGod and yet suffering, finite Man. Follow Himas He walks the waters with the tread of Deity and as He sits upon the well in the weariness of humanity. Be not satisfiedunless you know something of Jesus Christ as your Friend, your Brother, your Husband, your All.
Forget not the Holy Spirit-endeavor to get as clear a view as you can of His Nature and Character, His attributes and Hisworks. Behold that Spirit of the Lord who first of all moved upon chaos and brought forth order-who now visits the chaos ofyour soul and makes order there. BeholdHim as the Lord and giver of spiritual life, the Illuminator, the Instructor, the Comforter and the Sanctifier. Behold Himas, like holy unction, He descends upon the head of Jesus and then afterwards rests upon you who are as the skirts of Hisgarments. Get a clear idea, then, ofthe Trinity in Unity. Do not reason about it. Do not try to understand it-remember, it is not your duty to comprehend, butto apprehend such Truths of God as these-you are to believe, rather than to reason.
One God in the Trinity of His Persons. Let us know Him and worship Him. Remember that those who do not now this, very seldomknow much else about Divine things. It is a very remarkable fact that when the doctrine of the Trinity is given up, the otherdoctrines of the evangelical system are prettysure to be cast to the winds. This doctrine of the Trinity in Unity seems to be the place of standing or falling with publicteachers and private Believers. Let us study to be well instructed in the Divine attributes and ask for Grace to know themall. Be not like those who dream ofa God who is all love, and nothing else. These persons talk in maudlin sentences, as if they believed in an effeminate Godwho winks at sin and is utterly destitute of one single atom of integrity or holiness.
Believe God to be what He most certainly is-a God terrible as well as benevolent who will by no means spare the guilty-andyet passes by transgression, iniquity and sin. See God in the suffering body and soul of Christ Jesus upon Calvary and youwill understand how He is severely justin punishing sin in Him upon whom sin was made to meet and yet supremely gracious in providing such a way of escape forguilty souls! Do not be content with a maimed and distorted view of God's attributes! Feel Him to be Omnipresent-let it beyour delight to know that you havenot to call upon Him as one who is afar off, but ever near at hand. Recognize Him as Omnipotent-know that there is nothingwhich He cannot do and therefore doubt Him not.
Forget not His absolute Sovereignty, but meekly submit to it. The failure of many men in their ideas about God is that theyimagine Him to be subject to Law instead of being the Source and Fountain of all Law. They arraign His actions at their barand forget His terrible reply! "No but, O man, whoare you that replies against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why have you made me thus? Has not thepotter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honor and another unto dishonor?" They have not heardthe solemn voice, "I will have mercyon whom I will have mercy and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion."
Although to perfection you cannot find out God, yet do not worship Him as did the Athenians under the title of "The UnknownGod." Endeavor to understand how Love unbounded meets with Justice unlimited and Sovereignty without control-how "holinessbecomes His house," and yet how tender-heartedaffection towards His creatures ever dwells in Him. Do not worship ignorantly! Whatever else you do not know, do know theCharacter of your God. "They that know Your name will put their trust in You."
Then labor to know God in His actions. Study well the past. Do not be ignorant of the great work of creation! If you havethe skill, look at that creation in the light of modern science so far as that light is really derived from facts and notfrom conjectures. Pry into God's great works inProvidence-begin your pilgrimage of study at the gates of Eden and travel onward to the present time. Float safely in yourmeditations with Noah in the ark! Study the wonderful justice of God in thus sweeping away the race of men. I have not timeto linger on any oneparticular spot this morning-if I might, I should have selected the Red Sea.
Remember what Jehovah did at the Red Sea and by the brooks of Arnon! Tell how He made bare His arm and swept away His foes!Take Miriam's timbrel and sing unto the Lord who triumphed gloriously! Or, if that contents you not, remember Og and Sihon,or exult over Sisera in Deborah'ssong-"Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak and lead your captivity captive, you son of Abinoam."Think of the deeds of God in later times when He smote Sennacherib and laid His hosts dead at midnight. Tell how He broughtforth his People from theland of captivity with rejoicing and built up the walls of Jerusalem once more.
Let, especially, the actions of God concerning Christ be very dear to you. Fly back to the eternal Council-you will not beintruding if your faith can enter that great council chamber of eternity. Think of the Covenant, the Suretyship, the provision,the Almighty decree! See Jesus Christcoming forth from the bosom of the Father, amid the song of angels, to hang upon a woman's breast. Trace the history ofyour Incarnate God-make the life of Christ be with you a household study-know every corner of it. Never let a question beasked of the youngest of you,concerning the life of Jesus, which you cannot answer!
The rhetorician studies the classics. The old Roman orators were familiar with Demosthenes and the Greek poets- so let theChristian make the life of Jesus his first study and with every single passage in it let him be familiar. Know the Saviorfrom the weakness of the cradle to the triumphof His ascension, when, leading captivity captive, He mounted the Father's Throne to reign forever. If you have masteredall this, seek to know something of the teaching of the Spirit of God concerning the plan of salvation. Do not be contentto be saved in the dark-try tofind out how it is that you are saved. You are on a Rock-but look at the Rock and understand why it is a Rock and how youcame to be standing on it.
I believe that very much of current Arminianism is simply ignorance of Gospel doctrine. And if people began to study theirBibles and to take the Word of God as they find it, they must inevitably, if Believers, rise up to rejoice in the
Doctrines of Grace. Bolingbroke was far gone in infidelity and yet when he met Mr. Whitfield one morning, he said to him,"Sir, if the Bible is true, Calvinistic doctrines such as you preach are most certainly taught in it. And though I neitherreceive the Bible nor Calvinistic doctrines-ifyou want to have these doctrines proved from the Bible at any time- my pen is very much at your service. I am persuadedit is so."
Dear Friends, I would not have you merely unite with the Christian Church and say, "Yes, I believe in Christ," but I wantyou-and here I speak to you who are lately added to the Church-I want you to know where this great scheme began! I want youto know how it is that the blood ofChrist takes away sins. To know the fact is very precious, but to understand the reason of that fact is so comforting, soestablishing, so every way to be desired that I would have you study much the Word of God till you get a clear view of thewhole scheme. I want you to understandthe reasons from election onward to final perseverance and from final perseverance to the second advent-the resurrectionand the glories which shall follow-world without end!
I have thus brought out what I think is the idea of the text about the people knowing their God. But we must not overlookthat little word "their"-"They that know their God." It is not, "they that know God," but, "their God." To know anything ofHim aright, you must get a firm hold ofGod-He must be your God. "There is no praying," said one old man who used to be much in prayer, "till you come to a closegrip." There must be a blessed familiarity with God! You must know Him to be yours because He gave Himself to you in the EternalCovenant-yoursbecause He has promised Himself to you in His Word-yours because you take Him by an act of simple faith.
You must know He is yours because you, every day, put yourself beneath His guidance and desire to be a soldier under His command.Yours to have and to hold through life, in death and in eternity, because He has laid hold of you and will hold you even tothe end. "The people that know their God."Ah, that is one of the choicest things a human tongue can ever say, "My God! My God!" Ah, Thomas, you learned a great lessonwhen, with your hand in Jesus' side you could say not only, "Lord, God," but "My Lord and my God!" O, may you all be amongthe people who know their God!
II. THE HAPPY INFLUENCE OF THIS KIND OF KNOWLEDGE next requires our notice. The text shows that it strengthens, gives courage,energy, vigor, resolution, daring, success. They who know their God are strong and do exploits. The Romish church thinks agreat deal of implicit faith-of the faithwhich cannot apprehend what it believes. Now we agree with Romanists in this-that we are to believe what we cannot comprehend-butwe do not agree with them in the other-that we are to believe what we cannot apprehend. You remember the faith of the coalminer? "Whatdo you believe?" "I believe what the church believes." "But what does the church believe?" "Oh, the church believes as Ibelieve." "Well, but what do you and the church believe?" "Why, we both believe the same thing."
Now Romanists may set great store by that kind of faith and they go the right way to induce it very often by denying the Bibleto the common people or by neglecting education so that the masses are unable to read the Word when they can get it. If yousay, "You believe as I believe and I believe asyou believe and we both believe the same thing," I tell you that you are no credit to your teacher, and the sooner you giveup your faith the better! A man cannot believe what he does not apprehend. He may say, "I am prepared to believe it when Ido apprehend it," but as tobelieving what he has never been told, it is quite impossible.
If there are any dogmas of Mother Church which I have not heard of, I do not believe them and if I stand up and say I do,I am talking nonsense! If I say I am prepared to believe when I shall have been told, that may be-but I cannot already believethem-for belief must be parallel withapprehension! A man must apprehend a thing or he cannot believe it. Knowledge strengthens the spiritual man because, inthe first place, it is that on which faith has to feed. Where there is faith, knowledge is a great gain. This will be clearto all of you who read attentively yourBible, because the words, "to know," and, "to believe," are frequently used in Scripture almost synonymously.
If you turn to the tenth chapter of St. John's Gospel you will find at the thirty-eighth verse that the Savior said, "Butif I do, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and believe that the Father is in Me and I inHim." And then in the first Epistle of St. John, in thesecond chapter, at the third verse, we have an expression which is tantamount to the one I have already referred to. "Andhereby we do know that we know Him if we keep His commandments." We are sure of our faith and of our knowledge by walkingin obedience to Him.
The source from which Christian faith comes proves the importance of knowledge. How does faith come to the Christian? By sittingstill and looking at fifty or a hundred wax candles? By admiringly gazing upon a impassive Madonna at the corner of the street?By hearing language which I cannotcomprehend repeated by men in a peculiar dress? Never, according to Scripture! How then? "Faith comes by hearing, and hearingby the Word of God." There is the whole history of faith-the Word of God gives the teaching which blesses us with knowledgeand then comes faith. Thesight of the eye, religious awe, impressions of dread, emotions of wonder-these do not give faith-but hearing somethingwhich I can apprehend is the means of my believing!
Believers are constantly spoken of in the Scriptures as being people who are enlightened and taught of the Lord. They aresaid to "have an unction from the Holy One," and it is the Spirit's peculiar office to lead them into all Truths of God andall this for the increase and the fostering of theirfaith. They are not kept in darkness that they may believe, but put into the light that they may believe! Here is the differencebetween the religion of Christ and the religion of antichrist.
Moreover, there is provided in the Church of God an agency which proves that knowledge is to be the food of faith. To whatend is the ministry ordained but this-"For the edification of the saints." Are we not called teachers? That preacher who doesnothing but excite the people-whoteaches nothing and declares no definite doctrine-had better lay aside his office and take to some honest employment wherehe may do no more mischief. Teaching is what we need-a true minister is a teacher to his people, a steward of God bringingforth things, "both newand old." You see, then, that if knowledge is under God the Holy Spirit, truly the food of faith, then in order to be strong-sincefaith is the very sinew of human strength-we must get much knowledge of the things of God. The people who know their God shallbe strong infaith and shall do great exploits.
Think again, dear Friends, of the influence of faith upon all the other Graces of God. Love is the sweetest of all- but howcan I love till knowledge gives me a view of Christ? Knowledge opens the door and then through that door I see my Savior.Or I may use another expression-knowledgetakes the portrait of Christ and when I see that portrait, then I love Him. I cannot love a Christ I do not know, at least,in some degree! And if I know nothing about the excellencies of Christ-what He has done for me and what He is doing now-Icannot love Him! InChrist's case to know is to love and the more I know the more I shall love.
Look at hope again. How can I hope for a thing if I do not know of its existence? Hope may be the telescope, but then. tillI get knowledge of something in front of the glass, I can see nothing whatever. Knowledge takes away the impediment, and thenwhen I look through the optic glass I can see theglory to be revealed. But I cannot hope for that of which I know nothing whatever! I must know there is a Heaven, or I cannothope for it. Then, take patience. How shall I have patience unless I have heard, as James says, of the patience of Job? UnlessI know something of thesympathy of Christ and understand the good which is to come out of the correction which my heavenly Father gives me?
Knowledge gives me reasons for patience. I cannot stop on this point, but there is no one single grace of the Christian which,under God, will not be fostered and brought to perfection by holy knowledge. Knowledge becomes, then, of the highest importance.Again, from the connection of the text, itappears that many were led astray in the days of Antio-chus. "Such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corruptby flatteries: but the people that know their God shall be strong," and so on. It seems, then, that to know God is a meansof steadfastness.
Who are the people that are greatly troubled by new systems of philosophy and infidelity which are constantly springing up?Why, the people who do not know their God! Certain young folks say to me, "O Sir, I have read a new book-there is a greatdiscovery made about development. Animals werenot created separately, but grew out of one another by degrees of gradual improvement." Go and ask your grandmother aboutit! And what does she say as she takes off her spectacles? "Why," she says, "I was reading 'There shall come in the last daysscoffers, walking after their ownlusts.' "
Say to her, "Do you not feel alarmed about your faith?" "No," she says, "if they were to discover fifty thousand things, itwould not trouble me for, 'I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keep that which I have committedunto Him against that day.' " You think she is asimpleton, perhaps-she might far more properly think you the same! Every now and then there comes up a heresy-some womanturns "prophetess" and raves! Or some lunatic gets the idea that God has inspired him and there are always fools ready tofollow any impostor. Who arethose that go after them? Those who do not know God! Those who do know Him, say-
"Should all the forms that men devise Assault my faith with treacherous art, I'd call them vanity and lies, And bind the Gospel to my heart."
Brethren, if a truly godly minister has for six or seven years been teaching a people and he gives them the good, solid Truthof God and they receive it and understand it, I should not like to see the wolf come in! I do not believe he would do muchmischief-for many strong men will be foundto slay the intruder! But if there is a ministry which only consists of preaching up moral duties and creating the titillationof excitement, then, if the wolf comes, he may just glut himself with the blood of professors-for there is no strength inthem to resist him! We wantsound doctrine to give us stability. May God grant that we may be rooted and grounded in Christ, and that we may know thethings which are revealed to us of God!
Only once more and then we leave the second point. Knowledge will clearly be seen by you to be a great means for enablingyou to do great exploits if you think of its bearing upon usefulness. A Christian without knowledge, for instance, is an admirableman in the holiness of his life. But to whatother end, to what other purpose can you put him? He must not enter the pulpit-if he is already there, he had better retire.He must not be a Church officer. It would be foolish to choose the feeblest among us to be our leaders! He is scarcely ofany use in the Sunday schoolclass-he may manage to hear the children read and to wile away the time-but if he were a true Christian instructor, he wouldopen up the Scriptures and explain them.
Do not, any of you, feel grieved at what I am saying? I am speaking to those who have been lately converted! You are Believers-Iam rejoicing in it-rejoicing that you are converted, however little your knowledge. But I want you to feel dissatisfied withyour ignorance and to seek, inorder to your usefulness, to know the ground and the reason for the things you believe and to understand, as far as youcan, the deep things of God. Do not be content to be always chil-dren-you will never be men unless you are children first!Do not be content to be stunted inyour understanding, but ask to grow in Divine Grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, for the sakeof your own usefulness.
III. We come, in the third place, TO NOTICE HOW THIS KNOWLEDGE MAY BE OBTAINED. Time has fled and therefore we will not enlarge,but just give the outline. Search the Scriptures! Do not merely read them-search them! Look at the parallel passages-collatethem-try to get the meaningof the Spirit upon any one Truth by looking at all the texts which refer to it. Read the Bible consecutively-do not merelyread a verse here and there-that is not fair. You would never know anything about John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress if youopened it every morningand read six lines in any part and then shut it up again-you must read it all through if you want to know anything aboutit.
Get those books-say Mark or John. Read Mark right through from beginning to end. Do not stop with two or three verses, ora chapter-but try to know what Mark is aiming at. It is not fair to Paul to take his Epistle to the Romans and read one chapter-weare obliged to do it inpublic service-but if you want to get at Paul's meaning, read the whole Epistle through as you would another letter. Readthe Bible in a common-sense way. Do not read it on your knees, as I have known some people do-it is an awkward posture-getinto an easy chairand read it in comfort.
Pray after you have read it as much as you like but do not make a penance of what ought to be a pleasure. And when you arereading it, if you come to a knotty point, do not skip it. You all have some Christian friend who knows more than you do-goto him and try to get the thing explained.Above all, when you have read any passage and understand it, act it out and ask the Spirit of God to burn the meaning intoyour conscience till it is written on the fleshy tables of your heart.
Next, use good helps to your Bible. I do not know better helps for the common mass of people than, "The Confession of Faith,"or the little Catechism. With the little Catechism and texts of Scripture, any Believer, however ignorant, can, in a veryshort time, get a good view of the things of God. Ibelieve that the Westminster Assembly's Shorter Catechism has more divinity in it than nine out of ten of the modern printings.And if any person would know and understand that, he need not be afraid but what he will be able to give a reason for thehope that is in him, provided thehope is in him.
Next, be sure to attend a teaching ministry. Do not be always after sweets. Do not be running after prophesying and novelties.Try to see the whole range of Scripture. Believe in Calvinism-but if there is a single Truth of God which only the Arminianshold, believe that, too. Do not put yourfeet into Chinese shoes to be squeezed after the current fashion into an orthodox shape! Be willing to have a broad understanding-receiveanything which God has revealed and be content to take the whole of God's Truth, whether you can make it into a system ornot.
Then I should say, if you want to understand much, be much in prayer. Prayer cuts many a Gordian knot. Be much in communionwith God. You cannot know God at a distance. Get close to Him-come to Him in the name of Jesus Christ-come very close to Him.The other night, in prayer, Iremember, by mistake, quoting an old Scripture-that we might weep, like the priests, "between the porch and the altar"-andI was corrected by a Brother for it. He said, "We do not want to stand between the porch and the altar, because, in prayer,the proper place for aChristian is beyond the altar. The sacrifice is finished and we are to go through the court of the priests and enter intothe Most Holy Place-into that which is within the veil, where our Forerunner entered for us."
Endeavor, therefore, to get a good view of the types of Scripture. When you have made a mistake about them, be willing tobe corrected, but try to understand the types by getting the substance in your own experience-that is the best way of knowingthem. And, remember, there is one school towhich you can all go-where you will all learn. Our Savior says, "If any man will do His will, he shall know of the doctrine,whether it is of God or not." Practical holiness is a grammar school in which we may learn the Doctrines of Grace.
IV. And now I want to say ONE WORD BY WAY OF CAUTION and it shall be scarcely more than a word. Remember that knowledge ofitself-with all its excellencies and virtues when God blesses it-has a danger in it to you. "Knowledge," says the Apostle,"puffs up." So it does. You may get proudof what you know and then God forgive you and deliver you from it! And, moreover, you may get so positive about what youknow that you may have made up your mind never to know any more.
I know some of that kind-they know everything-every doctrine which is brought forward that they have not received alreadymust be rejected because they have made up their minds that they have the whole of revelation by heart. They have "meted outHeaven with the span and comprehendedthe dust of the earth in a measure," and think they know wisdom to perfection. Do not get into that state. Your knowledgemay even make you haughty to the people of God. You may look down with contempt on some who do not know so much as you andyet they may have twice your holinessand be doing more service to God. Knowledge is, after all, but a talent and Divine Grace is always better than gifts.
Try to get Divine Grace to make the gift right, and as you grow in knowledge which may prove to be the sails, humility willprove an admirable ballast. To this end I ask the help of the Holy Spirit, that what you know may be rightly known, for thenit will not exalt you, but make you lie at thefoot of the Cross. O that God might thus teach and thus instruct us all!
V. And now to close-here is THE DUTY OF SPREADING THIS KNOWLEDGE WHEN WE HAVE IT. "They that understand among the people shallinstruct many." It is a prophecy which is fulfilled, but it is also a suggestion of a duty which we have to carry out. Arewe instructing many, those of us who knowthe Lord? "Well," says one, "I am. I am endeavoring to do my best in the Sunday school, in the catechumen class and so on."God speed you, dear Friend! God speed you in your good work! God speed you a thousand-fold more than you have yet learnedto ask or even think! But there mustbe some here who are not teaching others.
Of course our business is to begin with teaching our own children. When the services used to be in the morning and afternoonin the olden times, the evening was generally spent with the children in teaching and catechizing. I do not think we in Londoncould go back to the old plan. But I am notsure that the present one is an improvement, whether the children might not learn much more if the parents did give theSunday evening constantly to their instruction. At any rate, no mother, no father-especially no mother-should suffer a Sundayto pass over her head, ifshe knows the things of God, without having her little ones around her and teaching them what she herself knows.
The Sunday school teacher does well, but he cannot relieve parents from the responsibility of teaching their own children.Others might take a wider range. Might you not get up Bible-readings at your house? If God has taught you a Truth which othersdo not know, could you not find others in yourneighborhood who might be willing to come to your house and understand the things of God from you or someone else? If theywill not come, have you not the instinct to get at them some other way? Cannot you so weave the common events of life intoa means of Christian instruction thatyou are truly "all things to all men"?
Put in words edgewise, so as to instruct casual visitors. We have not a system of class meetings as among our Wesleyan friends.It would be a great mercy if we had something like they had. And it would be a good thing if the elders of this Church wouldconstantly look after the younger ones. Getseven, eight, or nine to meet you as a class. Get a textbook and study it by the light of the Word of God. We have someadmirable teachers here, but I believe we have some who might teach a great deal more, who are not doing it. Some of you areliving at a distance-your workcannot be very well carried on in connection with this place. What does that matter?
I would as soon you taught elsewhere! So long as you are working for God, it does not matter whether it is here or there.If you are Christian people belonging to this Church, your first duty is here. But if from any other circumstance you cannotthrow in your strength with us, why, do itelsewhere! If you want to go elsewhere, of course we are sorry to lose you, but, we say, go, by all means, if you can serveGod better! If you feel you must attend our ministry because it suits your mind, then come among us and aid our efforts todo good. Do, at any rate, teach whatGod has told you!
If God has lit your candle, try to shine and let other candles be lit by you. I have said much on this point and I close withthis remark-there are some here who cannot be exhorted to learn and know much of God because they have not yet begun to knowthemselves. They do not know this simpleTruth of God-"That Christ came into the world to save sinners." They know it from theory, but that is of very little use.May they know it in their heart by saying, "Jesus, I am a sinner! Since You came to save sinners, I give myself to You. Osave me! I trust You to save me."
God bring you to this state and when you have received Christ, then endeavor, as much as lies in you-
"To teach to sinners round, What a dear Savior you have found." May the Master bless these words, for Jesus' sake. Amen.