Sermon 544. Lessons From Lydia'S Conversion


"And on the Sabbath we went out of the citybya riverside, whereprayer was customarily made; and we sat down and spoke to thewomen who met there. And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, who worshipped God, heardus: whose heart the Lord opened, that sheattended unto the things which were spoken of Paul." Acts 16:13,14.

PHILIPPI is famous in classic history as the spot where the world's future trembled in the balance when Octavius met Brutusand Cassius in terrible conflict. The two republican generals here ended their stormy career and universal empire crouchedat the feet of Caesar. As long as time endures, orhuman slaughter is thought worthy of a record, Phi-lippi will be remembered as one of the greatest names in martial history.But when time shall have passed away and the records of human guilt shall have been cast into oblivion, Philippi will stillhave a name as the place where thefirst herald of the Cross cried, "Europe for Jesus."

There was struck the first blow at the demon of evil and the first victory won in that quarter of the world. More fraughtwith blessings to the human race was that conquest of a woman's heart than all the laurels which Octaves had reaped upon thebloody field. Angels looked on while Paul threw downthe gauntlet of defiance to all the powers of darkness and invaded our fair continent in the name of Jesus of Nazareth.We may well look back with admiration to the gallant advance of the little band, the Apostle and his few companions, who werethe pioneers of the Lord's elect armyin the western world. Philippi is enrolled forever in the record of the battles of peace.

The introduction of Christianity into Europe is a very humble affair. There is nothing very stately in the architecture ofthe house where Jesus is first preached. In fact, we have no evidence that there was any building at all-probably it was anopen-air service by the riverside. Happy omenof the results of open-air preaching in after times! There were not enough Jews in the military city of Philippi to admitof the erection of a synagogue and therefore a few women met in a quiet spot by the river's bank. A stranger might walk throughPhilippi a hundred times andnever know of the existence of the Jews' meeting place-it was a nook so retired and frequented by so few.

Heathendom might seem to the ordinary observer to be universal in its reign. For who would care to notice the feeble companywho met in retirement to offer prayers unto the Most High God of Israel? We will go to the meeting place this morning, andin spirit mingle with the few women and listen tothat strange man who in burning accents is addressing them. And let us mark the result produced in the heart of yonder sellerof purple, who has come with her wares from the city of Thyatira.

First, we shall consider Lydia's conversion in itself. Secondly, in contrast with another which is recorded in the chapter.Thirdly, in comparison with that other. And lastly, as a type and model of multitudes of conversions in our own day.

I. First, in LYDIA'S CONVERSION there are many points of interest. Observe that it was brought about by Providential circumstances.She was a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira. That city was famous for its dyeing trade which had flourished thereever since the days of Homer. The mode ofproducing a peculiarly delicate and valuable purple seems to have been known to the women of Thyatira. It may be that Lydiahad come to Philippi upon a journey, or that while her manufactures were carried on at Thyatira, she resided during a partof the year at Philippi to disposeof her goods.

The communication between the two places was very easy and she may have frequently made the journey. At any rate, Providencebrings her there when the hour of her conversion is come. You will remember that Thyatira was situated in that part of thecountry into which Paul was forbidden by the Spiritto go and preach. Therefore, had Lydia been at home, she could not have heard the Truth of God. And as "Faith comes by hearing,and hearing by the Word of God," she must have remained unconverted. But Providence brings her to Philippi at the right time.Here is the first link of thechain.

But how is Paul to be brought there? He must, first of all, be kept out of Bithynia. And he must be silenced in his journeythrough Mysia. He must be brought to Troas, close by the margin of the sea. He must look across the blue sea and muse uponEurope's needs. He must fall asleep and in thevisions of the night he must be prompted to cross to Macedonia. He shall ask for a ship-that ship shall be bound for Samothraceand for no other place. He must land at Neapolis and by the same instinct, he must make his way to Philippi. He cannot goin any other direction. Hemust be brought there at the very time when Lydia is present. He must discover the little oratory by the river's brink,for God ordains that Lydia shall be saved.

Now, how many different threads were all interwoven here to make up the fabric of her providential conversion? In this caseGod rules and overrules all things to bring that woman and that Apostle to the same spot. And, Beloved, everything in God'sProvidence is working together for the salvation ofHis elect. If there is an elect soul whom God predestinates to be converted by my word, He may have fetched him home fromAustralia today by some troublesome accident, as it seems to him. Or He may have set sail for America and the ship may havebeen drifted back. But this Iknow-God will shake Heaven and earth sooner than suffer one elect soul to miss the predestined moment.

When the eternal counsel runs-"On such a day that man shall be arrested by Sovereign Grace and shall be made willing in theday of God's power"-happen what may, and occur whatever may, God's purpose shall stand! He will do all His pleasure. We donot well if we forget the expectantProvidences which work before our conversion to bring us unto that spot where God was pleased to manifest Himself unto us.

Observe next, that in Lydia's case there was not only preventing Providence, but there was also Divine Grace in a certainmanner preparing the soul. The woman did not know the Savior. She did not understand the things which make for her peace,yet she knew many truths which were excellentsteppingstones to a knowledge of Jesus. If not a Jewess by birth, she was a proselyte of the gate, and therefore well acquaintedwith the oracles of God. She was one who worshipped God-no, she was one of the most devout of God's worshippers among theJews. Though she was faraway from the synagogue-some forget the Sunday when they travel in foreign lands-yet when the day came round, she was foundwith that little handful at the riverside oratory.

I doubt not that she had read Isaiah the Prophet and that she could carry in her heart and remember such words as these, "Heis despised and rejected of men; a Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief . . . He is brought as a lamb to the slaughterand as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so Heopened not His mouth." As in the case of the Ethiopian eunuch, the Scriptures she had read, though they were not understoodfor want of some man to guide her, had prepared her mind-the ground had been plowed already for the good seed. It was nota hard rock as in the jailer'scase.

She worshipped God. She worshipped Him in sincerity. She worshipped Him looking for the coming of the Messiah, Israel's Consolation.And so her mind was prepared for the reception of the Gospel. Doubtless, dear Friends, in many of us there was a preparationfor Christ before Christ came to us inquickening Grace. I know that in some of our cases the pious example of a godly father, and the loving instruction of atender mother had softened us somewhat so that though still we were unsaved and still out of Christ, yet we were like theman who laid at the pool of Bethesda. Wewere close by the edge of the healing stream and there was not in our case that sudden, that astounding change which wehave seen in others.

Still, dear Friends, we ought to ascribe all this preparatory work to Sovereign Grace, for Grace-free favor-does much in whichno Grace of effectual salvation is perceptible. I mean that before Divine Grace renews the heart, there is Grace preparingus for Grace-Grace may besetting the mind in activity, clearing us from prejudice, ridding us of a thousand infidel and skeptical thoughts. And soit is raising a platform from which Divine Grace conducts us into the region of the new life. Such was the case of Lydia.Such is the case of many. Providenceand Grace co-work before the effectual time is come.

Note concerning her conversion, in the third place, that it took place in the use of the means. On Sunday she went to hergathering of her people. Although God works great wonders and calls men when they are not hearing the Word, yet usually wemust expect that being in the way, God will meet withthem. It is somewhat extraordinary that the first convert in Europe was converted at a very small Prayer Meeting.

There were only a few women there. We have no reason to think that there were any more males than just Paul and his friend,Luke. And these, you see, had called in, as we say, accidentally, and had been moved to give an address at the Prayer Meeting.And that address it was which was the means inGod's hand of opening her heart. Beloved Friends, let us never neglect the means of Divine Grace. Wherever we are, let usnot forget the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is. I say again, God may bless us when we are not inHis House, but we have the bestreason to hope that He will when we are in communion with His saints.

Oh, what a joy it is to see so many constantly thronging our House of Prayer because we have good hope that the God of Salvationwill meet with them. No, it is not mere hope, but a confident expectation, for I suppose there never is a sermon preachedin this House which is not the means of theconversion of some. We have, ourselves, abundant testimony that so often as Christ is lifted up here, the wounded in thecamp forbear to die. May it ever be the case and may you ever have, even if as yet you are unconverted, a love to the courtsof the Lord's House and to the placewhere His people meet together. Love the Prayer Meeting-do not say of it-"Only a Prayer Meeting"!

God loves to put honor upon prayer, upon the assembly of His people directly for His worship. And you may hope, dear Friends,that even if the sermon shall not have been useful, and if the common Sunday service may not have been blessed, yet, perhaps,on the Monday evening-perhaps, too, inthat little cottage, when there are only a few women pre-sent-you may meet with God, who did not appear to you in the greaterassembly. Be diligent in the use of the means. Be constantly in God's House, as often as the doors are open, and your engagementwill prevail, forLydia's conversion takes place in the use of the means.

Note again, for we will only hint at these things rather than dwell upon them, that it was assuredly a work of Divine Grace,for we are expressly told, "whose heart the Lord opened." She did not open her own heart. Her prayers did not do it. Pauldid not do it. The Lord Himself must open the heartto receive the things which make for our peace. To operate savingly upon human hearts belongs to God, alone. We can getat human brains, but God alone can arouse human affections. We may reach them, we grant you, in the natural and common way.But to reach them as that the enemy ofGod shall become His friend, and that the stony heart shall be turned into flesh, is the work of Divine Grace and nothingshort of Divine power can accomplish it.

We pray you, Brothers and Sisters, never forget this. We think it meet, according to Scriptural warrant and example, to speakto you and exhort you to arise from the dead, that Christ may give you life. But we remind you and trust you never may forgetit-that all the work must always be ofthe Holy Spirit and of Him alone. I am told, in preaching the Gospel, to command you to, "Believe in the Lord Jesus Christand you shall be saved." But well I am aware and may you be aware of it, too, that faith is the gift of God. Though the Scripturebids us say, "Wash you, makeyou clean. Put away the evil of your doings from before My eyes; cease to do evil." Though it cries, "Let the wicked forsakehis ways and the unrighteous man his thoughts. And let him return unto the Lord and He will have mercy upon him."

Though our Savior, Himself, puts it, "Strive to enter in at the strait gate. Labor not for the meat which perishes, but forthat which endures unto eternal life," yet we know that salvation is neither by your striving, nor by your laboring, nor byyour reforming and amending, but that all these arethe fruit of an inward and mysterious work which the Holy Spirit alone can perform. Give unto God the glory if you havebeen converted, praise Him alone-"Not by might, not by power, but by My Spirit says the Lord." He alone can cut the bandswhich fasten the heart. He alonecan put the key into the hole of the door and open it and get admittance for Himself.

He is the heart's Master as He is the heart's Maker, and conversion in every case is the Lord's work, alone. Yet- becauseone Truth of God must always march arm in arm with another, and no man gets at correct ideas by merely grasping one Truth-hehas two eyes and two hands, so let himbe content to use them both. Although the Lord opened the heart, Paul's words were the instrument of her conversion. Theheart may be opened and willing to receive, but then if the Truth of God enters not, what would be the use of an open door?But God always takes care to open theheart at a time when the messenger of mercy shall be going by, that the heart may give him admittance.

There shall be the plowed field, but there shall be no cry, "Where is the sower?" for when the plow has done its work, herecomes the sower and begins to scatter the seed. Paul speaks the Word as surely as God opens the heart. Do not decry the ministry.It is a temptation of modern times to bealways talking as though the ministry were a magnifying of man, as though to listen to the preacher were a glorificationof the creature at the expense of the Maker. Now I believe there is nothing in the world which shows our humility of spiritand tends more to glorify God than acheerful willingness to receive at His hands the golden treasure of His Grace out of an earthen vessel.

The weakness of the preacher becomes a foil to set forth His Glory, and by no means derogates from the honor due to the LordHimself. God has worked, and always will work, by means-by chosen men upon whom He puts the anointing of His Spirit. And whenthe men are lacking to serve the Lord,then is the Church always in a weak state. While she has her Pauls to preach, she shall not be without her God to open heartsto receive the Word.

Now only one more thought upon her conversion-it was distinctly perceptible by the signs which followed. She was baptized.As soon as she had believed in Jesus, she put on, together with her household, the profession of her faith in Christ Jesus.Happy Lydia, to have a household whichbelieved in Jesus! Happy Lydia, to see them all baptized with her! Now there is a danger in certain sections of the Churchto make too much of Baptism by linking it with regeneration, as baptismal regeneration. But there is an equally great dangeramong us who are called Baptists ofmaking too little of Baptism. We cannot make too much of it, because our belief that none ought to be baptized but thosewho are regenerate already, will always be a healthy check for our making too much of it.

But we may make too little of it. We ought to insist very strongly upon the duty of all Believers who have found the Saviorto obey the second Gospel command. "He that believes and is baptized, shall be saved." We do not doubt but that all who believeshall be saved, but still for our part, when wesee Baptism put in so close connection with believing, we would not be disobedient to our Master's command. We think itto be a sweet sign of an humble and broken heart when the child of God is willing to obey a command which is not essentialto his salvation-which is notforced upon him by a selfish fear of damnation. We say it is a great sign of Divine Grace, when, as a simple act of obedienceand of communion with his Master in his burial to the world and resurrection to a new life, the young convert yields himselfto be baptized.

Lydia was baptized, but her good works did not end at the water. She then would have the Apostles come to her house. She willbear the shame of being thought to be a follower of the crucified Jew, a friend of the despised Jewish Apostle, the renegade,the turncoat-she will have him in herhouse. And though he says, "No," out of his bashfulness to receive anything, yet she constrains him, for love is in herheart and she has a generous spirit. And while she has a crust, it shall be broken with the man who brought her to Christ.She will give not only the cup of coldwater in the Prophet's name, but her house shall shelter him.

Brethren, I do not think much of a conversion where it does not touch a man's substance-and those people who pretend to beChrist's people and yet live only for themselves and do nothing for Him or for His Church give sorry evidence of having beenborn again. A love to the people of God hasalways been a distinguishing mark of the true convert. Look, then, at Lydia, and remember that she is but a specimen ofmany. Let her case rest before you and let the prayer go up, "Lord, bring in Lydias this morning, according to Your mightyGrace."

II. We now look at the case again BY WAY OF CONTRAST. There is another story in the chapter. Read it carefully, for thereis a remarkable contrast between the two. In the case of the jailer, we see nothing like a previouspreparation for the receptionof the Word. He seems to be coarse, rough,brutal. It may be he did no more than his orders required of him when he treated Paul so harshly, for it is written, "Havingreceived such a charge he thrust them into the inner prison." But the probabilities are that he did this with a very heartygoodwill. And, looking with athorough contempt upon the two enthusiasts who had plunged themselves into this trouble, he was not at all likely to adjustthe stocks in any comfortable manner, or see to their ease in any way.

He was probably a rough, veteran soldier, who had been elevated to the jailer's office. He had gone to sleep. No preparation,surely, in sleep for the reception of the Word! The earthquake comes. The man springs out of his bed in terror! He graspshis sword and would have killed himself-he isin the very act of committing suicide, when a voice is heard-"Do yourself no harm, we are all here." Now we cannot discoverthe slightest atom of preparation for his conversion. He is as far off from hope as a man can be, and is just upon the edgeof perdition-near torunning before the bar of his Maker with hands red with his own blood.

Beloved, there are conversions such as these. They may not be very plentiful, but there are such and there have been suchin this House of Prayer. Men have come under the sound of the Word with an intention of despising and laughing at it. Theyhave come with their hearts full of venom and enmity.They have despised the preacher and despised the Truth of God. They have come fresh from the foulest haunts of sin and theywere proposing, yet further, to plunge into the depths of iniquity. They were enemies to God by wicked works. They made theirhearts hard as a stone, and yet,all of a sudden, the ponderous hammer of the Word has come upon them, and the flint was made to fly into a thousand shivers!And, by God's Grace, the proud sinner became humble as a little child.

Paul's case is somewhat similar to that of the jailer. You will remember it, and there are cases of persons here today whocan, as they read the jailer's story say, "Such was I once-as great a stranger from God as he and as little likely to be calledby Divine Grace as he was-and yetGrace came and made me a new creature in Christ Jesus." Here was no preparation, while in Lydia's case there was much whichwent to prepare the way for the Grace of God.

Another contrast is perceptible in the fact that she was in the way where the Grace of God was likely to meet with her. Shewas in God's House, at least in the spot which had been dedicated to His worship. She was engaged in prayer, and though nota formal prayer, but as far as her light went, itwas acceptable to God and was, at any rate, sincere, coming from her heart. But not so the jailer. He is not in a placewhere the Gospel is at all likely to come. His office keeps him in the midst of felons, of murderers, and criminals of allsorts. If Divine Grace shall come to thejail, it will come to a graceless place, indeed. His occupation was not that which would foster any religious ideas. Superstitions,doubtless, were present, and there was no point upon which a Roman was more superstitious than concerning an earthquake.

It was one of the things which made the stout hearts of Roman soldiers tremble in a moment. It was the earthquake which madethe guards at the tomb of our Savior become like dead men, swooning from fright. And this earthquake had much the same effectupon the jailer. He was not seeking after God.He had not a thought about God-his thoughts were hellish and his course was towards the pit. But in a moment, at God's voice,the current of his thoughts changes its direction and flows where it had never gone before! So have I known men who have beengoing on with all theirmight towards the realms of darkness with their free and stout will, determining to inherit eternal damnation. But the hourhas struck, Sovereign Mercy has come forth-and they, wonders to all-but greatest wonders to themselves, have suddenly becomeheirs of God andchildren of the Most High! May such wonders still be worked.

Yet further, we do not find in Lydia's case that there was anything like an earthquake. There were no great shakings and alarms.It was a "still, small voice." The jailer sprang in and came trembling. We doubt not that Lydia felt her need of a Saviorand that her cry was, "What must I do to besaved?" But still we find very little about her trembling, or being overwhelmed with the terrors of conscience. She wasgently led by the finger of the eternal Father. The light dawned upon her as the morning's dawn, a gradual enlightening ofthe darkness. Grace came upon her as theshower which first begins as a mist, then thickens into a heavy dew, and then becomes a gentle sprinkling and afterwardempties the clouds upon the soil.

To the jailer it was like an April storm beginning with big drops and dashing into a torrent in a few moments-to the jailerit was as though the sun should rise in an instant and turn the thickest night into full blaze of noon. Not so, in Lydia'scase. Now do note, dear Friends, thesedifferences, because they may help to solve many of your difficulties. Do not expect all to be converted in the same way.Do not suppose you are all to pass through the same terrors, nor all to be led by the same gentle methods. Our God is theGod of variety in creation and inProvidence. There are no two things exactly alike, and in the works of Divine Grace we are not to have Christians run intoa mold, or dropped down like shot, all fashioned in the same shape.

There must be in every conversion a something distinct and separate from every other-and every man must expect to perceivein the glass of his experience some things about the features of his conversion different from those of any other. Why, doyou not see that the means which convertedLydia would not have been of any use to the jailer? The jailer would not go to the place by the riverside. He would havelaughed at the idea of sitting down with a parcel of women! You would not find him listening to Paul. He would smile at thevery thought-"I go and listen toa renegade Jew, whom his own nation has cast off? Nothing of the kind."

On the other hand, an earthquake would not have been appropriate to Lydia's character. Good, gentle soul, it might have frightenedher out of her wits and instead of making her cry, "What must I do to be saved?" it is very likely she would have been ina swoon, if not altogether dead. The samequantity of alarm which will bring a stronger man down into something like reason, will just drive a woman out of her reasonaltogether. Gentle Lydia and the rough jailer are two very different people. They were of different sexes to begin with, andthe woman is more easily moved bythat which gently appeals to the affections than is the man. She, again, had been a moral and excellent woman. He has, probably,been tutored in sin. There must be different methods with different temperaments.

Does the farmer use the same machines in threshing different kinds of grain? Are all seeds sown after the same fashion? Dowe not feel with regard to our children that we can speak a sharp word to one and he will scarcely feel it, but that the sameexpression will break another boy's heart? Onechild needs the rod and there are others upon whom a touch of the rod might work mischief. Certainly, then, it must be soin the constitution of the soul. And therefore God deals with each of us in different ways and we are not to question thesincerity of our conversion because itis not precisely like our favorite model. We are rather to see whether its fruits are the same, whether it comes of God,whether it leads to Christ, and if it does all this it matters not in what mold it is formed.

III. So much for that point. But here, as I generally like, if I can, to place two Truths side by side, we have our thirdpoint, namely, THE COMPARISON BETWEEN THE TWO, because they are essentially alike, though circumstantially different.

In both cases, dear Friends, Providence co-worked with Divine Grace. Providence brings Lydia to Philippi- Providence shakesthe prison. God makes the realm of nature subservient to His will in both cases. There is a demand for purple at Philippi.I do not know how it came about. I cannot tellwhether there were new fashions among the ladies at Philippi at that time, or what it was-but for some reason or other Lydiagets to Philippi because there is a great market for her purple. Well now, that is Providence which brings her there. Thesame Providence by anotherrevolution of its wheel has appointed that particular jailer to keep the prison. Why was he jailer to that particular prison?Why is Paul brought to Philippi at all?

And how is it that through the accidental circumstance of the demoniac woman having been healed, Paul is beaten with rodsand thrust into prison? Then comes the earthquake! Link within link and wheel within wheel, Providence works its way. So isit in every case-whether it is conversion bythunder and lightning, or by the "still, small voice." There was in both cases a distinct work of God. We see it in Lydia'scase, and have dwelt upon it. Even more distinctly we perceive it in the jailer's case, for what but Irresistible Grace couldhave made him cry, "What must Ido to be saved?"

In both instances, too, the Word of God is essential, for we read concerning the jailer, as we did before, concerning Lydia,"They spoke unto him the Word of the Lord and to all who were in his house." The earthquake cannot dispense with the minister.And though the mighty power of God can take thenatural bonds from every prisoner, yet he does not choose to take away the spiritual bonds from any one soul without theproclamation of the Word. It pleases God, "by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe."

And again, in both cases, the same signs followed. The jailer is baptized with all his house, and we are told that they allbelieved. He washes Paul and Luke's stripes. Just as Lydia had entertained them, so he begins to wash their poor backs whichwere all black and blue and probably bleeding withthe hard blows of the lictor's elm rods. He sets meat before them and entertains them with the best he has and glad enoughis he, in the morning, when he finds they are not to be kept in durance any longer, but may go their way. Here is the sameresult, the same love to the Brothersand Sisters, the same obedience to the Divine command, "Arise and be baptized."

There is an unmistakable likeness among all the people of God. All the children have the father's features, yet they are notany one of them precisely like his fellow. They are all brought by Divine Grace and Grace does its work in the same way. Yet,as to the minutiae of the details of theirconversion, they are as wide as the poles asunder.

IV. We take Lydia's conversion to be A MODEL OF MULTITUDES OF CONVERSIONS WHICH ARE GOING ON IN OUR MIDST AT THE PRESENT TIME,AND IN OTHER CHURCHES, WHERE GOD IS MAKING BARE HIS ARM. The expression used is, "The Lord opened Lydia's heart, to attendto the things that were spoken."

Now what is meant by this? I think we have a summary of the work of the Holy Spirit here. There are several things meant.No doubt the Lord removed prejudice. This prejudice is an evil which we have to fight against in very many. In Lydia's caseit would be Jewish prejudice-perhaps the reporthad reached her, as it had most of the Jews, concerning Jesus of Nazareth. She knew that her race had hounded Him to thedeath, that her nation had even said, "His blood be on us and on our children." Paul the Apostle was the subject of much ofthis prejudice among the Jews. Youwill recall that when writing his Epistle to the Hebrews he does not begin with his name, as he does in all the other Epistles,because he felt that the very name, "Paul," from the fact of his having been an eminent Pharisee and having become a Christian,was distasteful to theHebrew people.

But God removed all this prejudice from Lydia's mind-she sat down to listen to Paul with a determination to give him a fairhearing and to weigh the matter and see whether these things were so or not-somewhat like the Bereans of old who also hadtheir hearts in a measure opened, forthey searched the Scriptures to see whether things were so. The devil often covers men from head to foot in a coat of mailso that when they come where the arrows of God are flying, there is very little hope of their being wounded because thereis scarce a joint of the harness whichthe devil has not protected by an iron rivet of prejudice.

You know how he tries in these days to do it. Some silly tales are set afloat about the minister-some inventions of addledbrains-or else some old stories which were true of eccentric men whom the worms have eaten one hundred years before-all theseare appended to the preacherthat so he may be made to appear in a ridiculous light, in order, as the devil thinks, that there may be a prejudice againstthe Word which comes from his lips. Or else it is the denomination or the sect, as it is called, to which the preacher belongs."Of course, I can get no goodfrom him," says one, "I am a Churchman." Or, says another, "I could not expect that I should be blessed under him-I am anArminian."

So these things raise prejudices and many make up their minds beforehand that they will not like the preaching- and they comeinto the place, as it were, with their ears stuffed full of wool-and you cannot get a word in. They have their hearts alreadyso occupied with certain setnotions, that though an angel from Heaven should minister the Truth, it would need to have the earthquake of the jailerbefore the Truth could enter in. In Lydia's case there was nothing of the sort. She was willing to hear and to give a candidattention to the preacher. Much isgained when this is done.

In the next place, when her heart was opened her desires were awakened. She felt now a wish to understand this matter andif there was anything in what the Apostle was saying about eternal salvation-about complete pardon by the blood of Him whowas the "Lamb slain from before the foundationof the world." She said to herself, "I should like to know about it. I hope it may be true. I wish I may get an interestin these things." So she listens, anxiously desiring to be impressed by the Word. She has a hunger and a thirst-and thesepeople have thisblessing-"They shall be filled." When we get our people, by God's Grace, as far as hungering and thirsting, then we arevery thankful to say this is the opening of the heart. As the oyster when the tide comes up opens its shell, so when the tideof Grace is coming, God oftenmakes men open their hearts, so that now they may get the spiritual supply.

Well, there was a desire awakened, but this was not all. There came another kind of opening-her understanding was now enlightened."Yes," as the Apostle went from one point to the other point-"yes, I see that God did promise a Prophet like unto Moses. Thisman Jesus is like Moses, forHe is a Prophet mighty in word and deed, which none of our Prophets were, except Moses. Yes," she said, "yes, Isaiah doesspeak of Him as being 'despised and rejected of men.' That is right and David does say, 'They pierced My hands and My feet,they parted My garments among them.For My vesture did they cast lots.' Yes," she said, "I see it-in the Person of the Man Christ Jesus, whom Paul preaches,I perceive the Messiah who is spoken of in the Law and in the Prophets."

And then he went on to say that faith in this Christ Jesus, who was fastened to the tree, would take away all sin, becausethis same Christ Jesus had carried upon His blessed shoulders the transgression of all Believers. "Yes," she said," I seethat this is a reasonable doctrine, that ofSubstitution. I can see how God is just, for He does punish sin in Christ. And I can see how He is gracious, too, for Heis able now to freely give out of the fullness of His heart, such Divine Grace as poor sinners require." So her understandingwas opened. She clearly viewed theGospel. She could see in its height and depth and length, just that which her soul wanted.

Then came something else. Now her affections were excited. She felt growing within her a love to Him who, though He was equalwith God, yet took upon Himself the form of a servant. As she heard Paul describe His sufferings, as she pictured to herselfthe scene around the Cross, she thought shecould hear the death-shriek and mark the flowing blood and she seemed to think, "Yes, I love that Man. I love that God.My heart goes after Him. O that He were mine! Yes," she said, I love that preaching. Sweet to my ears are those doctrinesof mercy." She began, already, to rejoiceand, "Blessed are the people that know the joyful sound," for if they do not yet walk in the light of God's countenance,yet they shall, for so the promise runs.

All this, I think, is included in the term, "Her heart was opened." Her affections were now kindling towards Divine things.And then came faith. She believed the whole of the record. She took it to be absolutely true, as Paul had stated, that therehad been a Messiah. That He, according toScripture, was the Son of God and was also the Son of Man. That He had suffered, the Just for the unjust, and that she,believing in Him, had her sins forgiven. Faith came now through hearing. She took God at His Word. She simply and humbly puther soul at the feet of that Crosswhere the blood was dropping, believing that as it fell from Heaven, it pleaded for her. And as it dropped on her it gaveher peace with God through Jesus Christ.

Faith being given, all the Graces followed. Now she hated her sins, she repented. Now she loved righteousness, she soughtafter holiness. Now she had a bright hope of the many mansions in the Father's house! Now she began to run with holy and happyfeeling in the ways of obedience to Christ'scommands and she became, not merely a Believer in the elements of Christianity, but she went on towards perfection, addingto her faith courage, and to her courage, experience, and to her experience, brotherly kindness, and to brotherly kindness,love. Onward she went in the way ofher God. All this the Master did by opening her heart to attend to the things that were spoken of by Paul.

And now, Beloved, the practical lesson is that we must pray for those who are round about us, and the many hopeful ones, thatGod would make them like Lydia. Let us put up this petition for our sons and daughters, that the God who has put them in theway of the means and, to a degree, has preparedtheir minds for the reception of the Truth of God, would be pleased to work effectually and savingly and bring them to acceptthe Savior.

As for those in whom God is thus working, O that the Word I speak this morning might lead them to lay hold on Jesus! Remember,there is nothing for you to do-you have but to trust Jesus and you are saved. And to do this, as your warrant, there are nogood works required, nor good feelings,nor deep experiences, either. You have, just as you are, to believe that Christ can save you and trust yourself to Him asthe Savior and He will save you! He will save you NOW with a great, present and complete salvation. The Lord help you to trustin Him and He shall have thepraise. Amen.