Sermon 506. Strong Meat
A SERMON DELIVERED ON SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL, 19, 1863, BY THE REV. C. H. SPURGEON, AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON.
"But strong meat belongs to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discernboth good and evil.'" Hebrews 5:14.
IN most large houses we shall find humanity in all its stages. We shall see the infant in its cradle, children laughing intheir play, young men working with vigor, and the old man resting in peace in such a mansion. If a careful Martha is in charge,provisions will be made for all the differentages. There will be milk provided for the babes, and the pantry will not be without solid meat for the full grown men.
Now in our Father's great house, His family is always so large that you will always find Believers in all stages of growth.Perhaps there is never a moment in the year in which there is not a new birth unto God by the Holy Spirit. The sighing ofrepentance, and the crying of simple faith are alwaysin our heavenly Father's ears, giving Him delight. He has men, babes, and for these He has abundance of nourishing food.But we bless His name that they are not all babes in the house. Some are young men, who are strong, and have overcome theWicked One. And there are a few fatherswho have known Him, that is, from the beginning.
For the young men and for the hoary sires there is as plentiful and as fitting a provision as for the infants. He opens Hishands, and supplies the want of every living thing. This is true, not only of the temporals which He gives to man and beastalike, but also of the spirituals which Hedispenses liberally to all the new creatures in Christ Jesus. Now it were unfitting to give milk to the man of full age,and equally improper to present the strong meat to those who are but infants. Our Lord has, therefore, been pleased to dictatedirections as to the persons forwhom the various provisions of His table are intended.
Our text talks of strong and solid meat, and it describes the persons who are to feed thereon. The context gives a mild rebuketo those who, by reason of indolence and sloth, have not attained to years of discernment, and cannot, therefore, feed onsubstantial diet.
I. Let us, first of all, BRING FORTH SOME OF THIS STRONG MEAT AND SET IT UPON THE TABLE BEFORE YOU.
A careful examination of the context will inform you that one form of strong meat which is only fit for full grown Christiansis the allegorical exposition of Scriptural history. You will mark that the Apostle was about to allegorize upon Melchizedek.He had intended to set forth that thatvenerable and priestly king was, so far as Scriptural information goes, without father, without mother, without descent-havingneither beginning of years nor end of life-and that he was superior to Levi seeing that Levi's progenitor paid tithes to him,and received hisblessing.
The Apostle was about to show that Melchizedek was a type of Jesus, who, as a Priest, is without father, without mother, withoutdescent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of years, but is a Priest forever according to the power of an endlesslife. But the Apostle paused, for he felt thatthis allegory of Melchizedek was too strong a meat for those who were not full grown men. Beyond a doubt, the historicalparts of Scriptures are intended to be instructive allegories, setting forth heavenly mysteries. See how the Apostle Paulused several of them. There is the caseof Hagar and Sarah.
Since the promise was not performed to Sarah, and no offspring had been born to Abraham, Sarah suggests that Abraham shouldtake to himself a concubinary wife, Hagar. He does so, and she brings forth according to the flesh, and by the power of theflesh, Ishmael. Now the Apostle goes on to showthat Ishmael was not the seed which God had promised and that, consequently, in after years, Isaac was born-not accordingto the power of the flesh-since his father and mother were past age-but according to the promise fulfilled by the power ofGod alone.
He then goes on to show that this is an allegory. That the children of the flesh, that is, those who are the seed of Abraham,by natural birth, like Ishmael, are not the true seed. But that those who, like Isaac, are the fruit of God's promise, andhaving been once as dead, are given to Abraham, asIsaac was on the mountain in a figure-that these are the true seed, concerning whom the Covenant was made. And as Sarahsaid concerning Hagar-"Cast out the bondwoman and her son, for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, evenwith Isaac." So the Gospelsays- "Cast out the Law, for the children of the Law, those who hope to be saved by legal works, shall not be heirs withMy sons, even with those who are saved by the promise of Grace."
Now this allegory is meat for instructed Believers. Jacob and Esau-born of the same parents, at the same birth, and yet separatedin destiny by that memorable sentence, "Jacob have I loved and Esau have I hated"-were a type of the election of Divine Grace.And with many other instances,these go to prove that Holy Scripture is to be received not only as a literal description of facts which really did occur,but as a picture in which souls taught be Divine Grace, illuminated by the Holy Spirit, may see, portrayed in express characters,the great Gospel of the livingGod.
Those of you who are well instructed will have found out by this time that the Book of Genesis is the History of Dispensations-thatin all its types it sets forth, from Adam to Joseph-the various dispensations of primeval innocence. It depicts man withoutLaw, under Law, in Covenant,and apart from Covenant-and many other things of which we cannot now speak particularly. You will have discovered that Exodusis the Book of Redemptions. Here is redemption by blood when the paschal lamb was slain, redemption by power when He brokethe chivalry of Egypt,smiting Pharaoh in the midst of the Red Sea. The Book of Leviticus is the Handbook of Communion, the Guide to Access, openingto us the way in which God can come to man, and man can go to God.
And I am sure the least observant of you must have discovered that the Book of Numbers is the Record of Experience. All thosejourneys of the children of Israel to and fro when they lived in the wilderness, sometimes by Marah's bitter fountain, andat other times by Elim's spreading palms, alldescribe the constant marching of the sacred army of God to the Promised Land. The Books of Joshua and Judges typify thehistory of the people who have entered into the land of Canaan, who are saved, but who have to fight with their corruptions-withthe Canaanites that arestill in the land- and to drive them out despite their chariots of iron.
I believe that every book of Scripture has some special lesson beyond its historical import. And perhaps when the historyof the world shall have been fully worked out, we shall see that the books of the Bible were like a prophetic roll sealedto us, but yet fulfilled to the letter. I sometimesthink that we live in the days of the Judges. God raises up one mighty minister after another, some Shamgar, Jephthah, Gideon,or Samson-and when these die the Church relapses into its former state of coldness and indifference. But the time is comingwhen David the King shallcome, and when Solomon shall reign from the river, even to the ends of the earth.
The Millennial age shall hasten its glories. And what if it should be succeeded by a time of falling away, as under the kingsof Israel, and then the winding up of the dispensation of the carrying away of the wicked into their long and last captivity,and the setting of the chosen in another and abetter land? If these things are so, I am not wrong in the remark, that these allegories are only fit for strong men, who,by reason of use, have had their senses exercised. See, I set the meat before you.
I feel persuaded that the Apostle also more particularly referred to those mysterious Truths of God which have respect tothe relationships of our Lord Jesus Christ and to His complex Person. The very simplest Believer understands that Christ isGod and Man-that Christ stood as the sinner'sSurety and paid his debt. But, Brothers and Sisters, when we come to meditate much upon the Person of our Lord Jesus Christwe shall soon discover that there are depths of mystery in which an elephant might swim, as well as shallows where a lambmight wade. His complex Personsuggests a thousand thoughts-all of which are too high for comprehension or even consideration-until our senses have beenexercised.
The doctrine of Christ's ancient Covenant. The striking of hands between Jesus-Jehovah, the Surety, and Jehovah of Hosts,who accepted Him as the Substitute for His people-who but the perfect man can grasp this? Christ's frequent appearances uponearth, too, before His incarnation, whenHis delights were with the sons of men-when He talked with Abraham, communed with Moses, spoke to Joshua, and trod the coalsof fire with the three holy children-what a theme! Christ's eternal Sonship, the procession of the Holy Spirit from the Fatherand the Son. Theconception of Jesus as to His humanity in the womb of the Virgin, and others of a kindred nature, are all great mysteries.
I do not believe that these are fit topics for babes in Grace. These Truths of God are as high above us as the heavens areabove the earth. But if ever we do come to consider these sublimities, we must remember that they are only food for full grownmen. I might go on to show that our union toChrist, that wonderful doctrine of our being members of His Body, of His flesh and of His bones, is also a mystery not tobe trifled with by children. I might show, too, that even in Christ's Second Advent there are lofty questions-mighty difficultieswhich need the full grownintellect of the Believer to grapple with them. And, therefore, here again you have another dish loaded with solid meat.
The doctrines of Grace are also generally esteemed to be very strong meat. He that is not full grown in the faith will discovermuch in the doctrine of predestination that will stagger him. No doubt many young Believers have felt God's foreordinationto be like a stone rolled in their way overwhich they can scarcely climb. They have looked upon this glorious Truth of God as a mountain blocking up their path. Theyhave not understood that though it is a mountain, it is one upon whose summit God communes with man.
How many have been distressed with the precious doctrine of election? It is meat. It is hallowed meat-meat fit for the priestsof God, and for the Lord's mightiest warriors-but many there are who have been so scandalized by it, that they have been gladto write bitter things againstthemselves on account of it. So with the doctrine of the immutability of God, and the consequent safety of the Lord's people-seeingthat because He changes not, the sons of Jacob cannot be consumed. This, though sweet as honey dropping from the honeycomb,is not a doctrine forevery man. Only they who do business upon the great waters, and have learned the need of solid food can usually feed onthese things with satisfaction.
Oh, dear Brothers and Sisters, what a mercy it is that there are such things as the grand old Truths which men nickname Calvinism,but which are the very marrow of the Gospel. I find when the heart aches, and the spirit is heavy, there is nothing like readingthe eighth and ninth chapters ofRomans. And when things go amiss with me, and everything is perversely disappointing my hopes, it is very delightful tothrow oneself back upon the soft couch of God's eternal purpose, to pillow one's head upon the certainty that what He saidHe will perform, and that what He hascommanded shall stand fast. Here are royal dainties! Costly cheer for fainting pilgrims!
If you want the wings of eagles, study these doctrines and they shall bear you aloft. If you would creep along the groundand be full of doubts, fears, miseries, and distractions, live on baser food. But if you would walk in the strength of a giant,and fight with the valor of a David, live onthese loaves of Heaven's best bread, and your youth shall be renewed. Yet these things are strong meat and are not for babes,but for men.
Scarcely need I mention that other dish-the more advanced and inwrought forms of Christian experience. I believe there aresaints, for instance, who hardly comprehend that passage where the Apostle speaks of the contest within- "When I would dogood, evil is present with me." You knowthere are many little saints who do not comprehend the fight within. The conflict is there, but they have not a clear ideaof what that conflict is. They do not understand, with Paul, that, "It is no more I that do it, but sin that dwells in me."The doctrine of the two natures, andof their constant struggle with each other, is not at their fingertips.
Then, again, communion with Christ is a high mystery that is never learned in the dame school of repentance, not often inthe grammar school of faith-we must go the university of repentance to learn it-leaning our head on Jesus' bosom, and havingforetastes of the fellowship which makesHeaven what it is. This is one of those rare experiences which can only belong in its frequency to the full grown Believer.I do not wonder that some people cannot read Solomon's Song. We do not expect that they should. If I put a book of algebraor a table of logarithms into thehand of a child who has just learned the multiplication table, I do not marvel that he should not understand it.
The fact is that the Song is to the whole Bible what the Holy of Holies was to the Temple. You may walk into the Acts of theApostles and the Gospels and say, "Here I am in the outer court of the Temple." You may go to the Psalms and to the Epistles,and say, "Here I am in the Court of thePriests." But the Canticles are the Holy of Holies. And he that has not learned to enter with the High Priest into thatwhich is within the veil will never be able to read Solomon's Song. These experiences, I say, are for men of full age, whohave had their senses exercised.
I have thus set before you the various sorts of strong meat. Before we leave the table let me utter a word of caution. Milkyou may use as you will. You cannot take too much of it. It will not do strong men any great amount of good, but it will certainlydo them no harm. But the strong meat mustalways be accompanied by a word of caution when it is placed before the uninstructed and feeble-since such are very aptto do mischief, both to themselves, and to others with this strong meat.
As for the allegories. What a world of nonsense have people talked about the allegories of Scripture, trying to make thingsrun on all fours that were meant to walk erect. Alas, for those silly compounders who without the genius of old Origen, imitatedhis worst faults. What can I say that would becensure severe enough upon Origen himself, who never could read a chapter but he must needs twist it from its plain senseto make a mystery of it. We have all heard, I dare say, of the Divine who was foolish enough to take the three baskets fullof sweet meats that were upon thehead of Pharaoh's baker, and to say that they represented the Trinity.
I have heard of another who preached from this passage in Ezra-"Nine-and-twenty knives," and went to show that they were typesof the four-and-twenty elders. What he did with the surplus five I don't know! Was God's Book ever meant to be a toy for theamusement of childish imagination? Surelynot! The strong meat of allegory must be for half-inspired saints like John Bunyan, and those masters in Israel who arenot to be carried away upon the back of every figure, but who can ride their figures like good horsemen with a bit in themouth of the allegory, and make it keepin a straight road, and bear them safely on to their destination. How many weak men are like boys on unbroken colts? Thesooner they are off, the better, for they will hurt their steed, and do themselves no good.
So must it be with the good things concerning the Person of our Lord Jesus Christ. The mysterious doctrine of the Trinity,and the equally mysterious and sublime doctrine of eternal generation are best let alone by feeble minds. I do not think thereare half-a-dozen men alive who ought to meddlewith the last. There has been a controversy lately, in a magazine, which I sometimes read for amusement rather than forinstruction, between certain self-considered great and able Divines of modern times, who think they are the men, and thatwisdom will die with them. They have beendenouncing each other most heartily-and this seems the only thing they can do thoroughly well. They have been denouncingeach other heartily because one believes this, and the other believes that, about a subject which not one of them knows anythingat all about.
The Sonship of our Lord is a great and marvelous mystery, to be meekly and reverently received. It is never to be disputedabout, except by those gigantic minds which belong to the past, rather than the present. We might like to see two titanicPuritans enter the field of controversy-two suchmen, for instance, as Dr. John Owen, and Charnock-one might travel a thousand miles to see them grapple one of these loftysubjects. But when the little men of these days meddle with them, it saddens the humble-minded and affords enlightenment tonone.
In a measure it is so with the doctrines of Grace. The doctrines of Grace are to be handled with caution, for there are somefolks who are not of full age, and have not, by reason of use, had their senses exercised so that they can discern both goodand evil. Many love high doctrine, but then theywant it higher than the Bible. Have we not known some who thought themselves very wise, but whose senses, I am certain,have never been well exercised? They were so fond of the doctrine of justification by faith that they have denied sanctificationby the Holy Spirit-and havetaught imputed sanc-tification-which is a doctrine of men, indeed.
Some have so exaggerated Free Grace that they have denied the practical precepts. This is partly through wickedness, and partlythrough folly. It is the sure result of little minds losing their way in the great Truths of God, and, slipping from the highroad, and falling to flounder in the ditch oferror. Oh, my dear Brothers and Sisters, I would sooner you would leave these doctrines alone, than that you should fallinto Antinomianism! Among the most damnable things which Satan ever sent is that which shall lead you to deny the practicalprecepts, and to forget that, "Withoutholiness no man shall see the Lord."
Unholy fatalism is a deep ditch, and the abhorred of the Lord shall fall in. Those persons, too, who push the doctrines ofelection, and make it into the doctrine of reprobation show that they are foolish. They are not fit to deal with sublime Truth.If some persons who are renowned for preachingthe doctrines of Grace would only hold their tongues till they understood them, their admirers would wait upon a dumb oracle.Oh, it is a grand thing to be able to receive the whole Truth of God-to learn human responsibility as well as Divine Sovereignty.To see God doing asHe wills, but man bound to obey. To see Jehovah exalted on His Throne, King of kings and Lord of lords, with man's willHis subject and bound to do what God bids, simply and only because God commands it!
I am sure if we can couple the two things, free-agency and predestination, together, we shall be saved from Anti-nomianismon the one hand, and from infidelity on the other. It is not holding half the Truth of God that marks the man, that is theattainment of a babe. But to hold all-and to beafraid neither of high doctrines nor of low doctrines- neither of Calvinism nor of Arminianism, nor any other ism so longas there is the Truth of God in it. To pick the Truth of God out, and to hold fast that which is good-this is the conductof a full grown,well-developed Believer. May you have Divine Grace, dear Friends, as touching these Truths, to feed upon them as men andwomen who are of full age.
I shall not say anything upon the other point, except that it is just the same as to advanced experience. There are some whohave run to the extreme of despondency, and others to the verge of levity through not knowing that strong meat is only formen of full age. But I have said enough and,therefore, I now leave this point to turn to a second.
II. Secondly, let me INVITE THE QUALIFIED PERSONS TO COME TO THE FEAST. Who are they? They are here described as being personsof full age. Understand, dear Friends, that there is no reference here at all to the age of a person as to human life. TheGreek word is, "Men that are perfect." Itsignifies, therefore, spiritual men and women who have attained to the highest degree of spiritual development. Now thisis not the result of years, for there are some gray heads that have no more wisdom than when they first began. And, on theother hand, there are some youthfulBelievers who are worthy to be called fathers in Israel, through the progress which they have made in Divine Grace.
Growth in Grace does not run side by side with growth in years. As old Master Brooks says, "There are some few Believers whoseem to be born with beards." They are ripe Christians at a very early stage of their spiritual existence. And there are somewho, if they tarry at Jericho till their beardsare grown, will be long in seeing the King's face. They are always babes, needing the spoon and the rocking chair, evenin old age. The expression in the text, then, has no reference to age, but is used in a spiritual and metaphorical sense.
But what is meant by men that are full grown? Well, you know a babe has the same parts as a man. The babe is perfect in itsmeasure, but it is not perfectly perfect. Those limbs must expand. The little hand must get a wider grasp. The trembling feetmust become strong pillars for ripeningmanhood-the man must swell and grow and expand and enlarge and be consolidated. Now when we are born to God, we have allthe parts of the advanced Christian. Faith, hope, love, patience-they are all there, but they are all little, all in miniature-andthey must allgrow. And he is of full age whose faith is vigorous, whose love is inflamed, whose patience is constant, whose hope is bright,who has every Grace, in full fashion.
Nor is it only development. The full grown man is stronger than the babe. His sinews are knit. His bones have become morefull of solid material. They are no longer soft and cartilaginous, there is more solid matter in them. So with the advancedChristian-he is no longer to be bent about andtwisted-his bones are as iron, and his muscles as steel. He moves himself in stately paces, neither needs he any upon whomto lean. He can plow the soil, or reap the corn. Deeds that were impossible to infancy are simplicities to the full grownman. Now you understand what thefull grown Christian is. He can do, and dare, and suffer what would have frightened him before.
He can fight with dragons though once he would have fled before a grasshopper. He can now endure to pass through deep waters,though once a little brook would have swept him away. There is as much difference, in fact, between the full grown Christianand the newly-born convert as between thestrong, hale, hearty man of forty, and a babe of three or four. We must, then, before we can venture upon things hard tobe understood, labor to arrive at full age.
But then our text tells us that they have had their senses exercised. The soul has senses as well as the body. Men who havehad their senses exercised know how to choose between good and evil. Now, what are these senses? Well, there are our spiritualeyes. When the babe first sees, it has littleidea of distances. I suppose that to a babe's eyes everything appears as a flat surface. It is the result of experiencewhich enables the man to know that such a thing is so many yards off, and that another is so many miles distant.
Travelers who go to Switzerland for the first time soon discover that they have not had their eyes exercised. You think thatyou can reach the peak of yonder mountain in half-an-hour. There is the top of yonder rock. You dream that a boy might flyhis kite to the summit, but it shall take you hoursto climb there, and weary limbs, alone, can bear you to the dizzy height. At a distance young travelers scarcely know whichis mountain, and which is cloud. All this is the result of not having the eyes exercised upon such glorious objects. It isjust precisely so in spiritualthings-unless Christians have their eyes exercised. I hope dear Friends, you know what it is to see Christ. Your eyes, byfaith, have looked upon the King in His beauty. You know what it is, too, to see self. You have looked into the depravityof your own heart and have beenamazed.
Your eyes have seen the rising and the falling of many deceptions. Your eyes have been tried in waiting for God in many adark night, or in beholding Him in the midst of many a bright Providence. Thus your eyes have been exercised. Now, when adoctrine is put before you, a strong doctrine, you lookat it and say-"Ah, yes, my eye of faith tells me, from what I have seen before, that that is healthy food upon which I mayfeed." But if you detect something in it that is too high, or too low, you at once say-"No, that won't do for me," and youput it away. Hence it isthat the man, the eye of whose faith has been tried with bright visions and dark revelations, is qualified to discern betweengood and evil in those great mysteries which would be too high for unexercised Believers.
Then there is the ear. We hear it said of some that they have no ear for music. We sometimes hear it said of others that theyhave an ear for music and they can tell when people are singing half a note amiss. How shocked they would sometimes be withsome of you who will persist in running away fromour good leader, and getting a whole note amiss! But there are some who cannot tell one note from another. So is it in spiritualthings, "Blessed are the people that know the joyful sound," but many do not know the difference between the joyful sound,and that which is half a notelower. Why, dear Friends, when a Christian is well taught, he knows when a note goes too high and he says-"No, no, no. Thatjars."
Or when it goes too low he says-"No, that is out of tune." He wants to have the keynote of the Gospel constantly before him,and any divergence from the grand old tune of orthodoxy, which he has learned from the Word of God, at once makes him feelwretched. He has a fine, keen, discerningear. He can tell at once any mistake, and is not to be led astray by it. Hence it is that such persons are fit to hear thesolid doctrines of the Gospel preached, because they have listened to the voice of God. They have heard the charms of evil,and, by God's Grace, have despisedthem. They have heard the conversation of educated saints, they have been taught in the ways of the Lord, and knowing, therefore,the difference between this and that, they can discern between good and evil, and are not to be led astray.
Now, I know that there is always a tendency in our large congregation for us to lose a driblet every now and then of two sortsof people. One sort, when they hear an earnest sermon to sinners. When the wanderers are exhorted to flee to Jesus and aretold that if they perish it will be their ownfault. "Oh," these people say, "that is Arminian doctrine!" And off they go to some place where they can have the hyperismundiluted. And, then, if on another morning God's predestination is proclaimed, and men are told that God has chosen His people,that "it is not of him thatwills, nor of him that runs, but of God that shows mercy," then certain people say, "Ah, I did not get on this morning.It was too high for me."
The fault is not in either of the doctrines, for they are both Scriptural-the evil lies in these people's ears. They do notknow the note which is the happy medium between the two systems-the note which takes in both, which shows the sinner his ownresponsibility-and yet shows toboth saint and sinner, God's real Sovereignty. Happy is he whose ear is well tuned to discern both good and evil. Then,dear Friends, comes the nose, the intention of which sense is to smell things afar off. True Christians have smelt the fragranceof Christ's fellowship. "While theking sits at his table, My spikenard sends forth the smell thereof."
Advanced Christians know the fragrance of Heaven. The angels have brought them bundles of myrrh from the other side of thestream. They have had their nostrils exercised, and you know the nostrils are of very essential use in reference to food.The nostrils can soon detect decay or that spicinesswhich the crafty trader employs to conceal it. There are certain persons whose ministry is putrid, but they lay on thick,very excellent spice about the safety of the Believer, and the joy and peace that there are in Christ-so that the putridityis somewhat checked. And someChristian people eat the nauseous morsels, forgetting, or not knowing what they really are, because of the sweet smell andflavor in which the whole is wrapped up.
But our nostrils are given us on purpose to detect the craft and mischief of designing men. And the spiritual nostril thathas been made to perceive the difference between the righteous and the wicked will soon be able to perceive what is true foodand what is carrion. Then, you know, there is thetaste. And this sense needs educating, too. Some men have no taste. To them flavor is no luxury. There are many who haveno taste spiritually. Give them a cup of mingle-mangle- "perhaps," "ifs," "buts," "maybe," creature willings, and creaturedoings-and if it is onlywarm, they will drink it down and say, "Oh, how delightful!"
If you give them a cup, on the other hand, that is full of Divine purposes, precious promises, and sure mercies of David-ifyou will only flavor it with a good style of oratory-they will drink that sweet potion, too, and relish it. The two thingsmay contradict each other flatly, butthese people have no discernment-they have not had their senses exercised. But those of you who have been made to tastethe sweets of Covenant Grace, you, especially, who have eaten His flesh and drunk His blood-and you, too, who have been madeto drink the wormwood, andthe gall till your mouth knows every flavor, from the bitterness of death up to the glory of immortality-you may taste thestrong meat without any fear, for your senses are exercised.
Lastly, there is the sense of touch, and you know how in some men this has been developed to a very high degree. Men who aredeficient in sight, for instance, have acquired by touch the knowledge which would, if they had not been blind, have beenderived from their eyes. So Believers have been madeto touch the hem of Jesus' garment. They have exercised the sense of feeling by joy, by rapture-perhaps by doubt and byfear-and their touch has become so acute, so keen, that though their eyes were shut, as soon as they touch a doctrine theywould know what was of Godand what of man.
Now our text says that this comes as the result of use, and that use generally comes to us through affliction. Have you evernoticed how men get their senses clear through affliction? I read in the life of good Dr. Brown, that when he first preachedhe heard two women at the door talking to oneanother about his sermon. One of them said to the other-"Ah, 'twas very well, but 'twas almost all tinsel." A short timeafter, the good preacher lost his wife. His heart was broken, and his whole nature affected. The roots went deeper down intothe solid Truth of God, andwhen he preached again, the same woman said to her friend-"It is all gold now."
Afflicted Christians come to know the difference between tinsel and gold. I love a people who do not care always to have greatgarlands of fine flowers handed out to them. Oh, that running after oratory, that seeking after fine flowing sentences, thatspread-eagle style which some adopt-whythis is all folly! What the child of God wants is matter. He would like to have the matter given him in a good shape, butstill it is the matter, the real solid food that he wants, and that ministry will always be the most acceptable to advancedBelievers which has the most of Truthin it.
They do not care half so much about the style as about the food that is served up in the sermon. They want something uponwhich the intellect may meditate, which the soul can masticate, which the heart can assimilate, and upon which the whole beingmay be nourished and strengthened. YoungChristians very frequently like Arminian doctrines. But as we grow older, as men who were radicals when they were younggrow to be conservatives when they are old, so we grow to be Calvinistic, for Calvinism is the conservatism of Christianity.It is just the conservative principle,the old, solid, stiff, unyielding doctrine. Though I am a long way from being anything like old, and do not intend to beold if I can help it for another thirty years or so, yet still I do find a greater and more intense love for the doctrineof election, the doctrine of eternalunion to Christ, final perseverance, and all those great Truths where saints in all ages have been custom to find a havenfor their spirits.
III. And now we must conclude. I think our Apostle meant the text to be a GENTLE REBUKE TO THOSE WHO
ARE NOT FULL GROWN MEN. The Apostle says that the Hebrew saints ought to have been teachers, but that they still remainedinfants.
It is very pleasant to see the infant in the house. What joy there is in its tender cry! But suppose that our children werealways to remain infants-that would be no happiness to the parent. If you had a son twenty years of age who still needed tobe carried, who required still to hang uponthe nurse's breast, would you not consider it one of the most serious of calamities? But you say you would pity the child.Ah, so you would, but suppose it was his own willful fault? Suppose the little one could, by some piece of willfulness, preventitself from growing, and wouldnot use the proper means for development?
I think you would then wisely use the rod as well as show your pity. Twenty years of age, and yet still in long clothes! Thirtyyears of age, and still uttering a babbling cry! Forty years of age, and still needing milk! Ah, you smile, but did any ofyou smile at yourselves? How long have you beenconverted to God? How long have you known the Savior? Why, I have known some converts that have been in long clothes forthirty years after they were converted and are babies still. If you asked them to speak for Christ, they could only say aword or two of mere babble.
And as for their confession of faith, it was not a reason. They did declare the hope that was in them, but they did not givea reason for it, for they could not give one. Then there are some who grow so slowly that their faith is just as weak nowas it was twenty years ago. They go tottering alongand cannot run yet. They will want always to have preached to them just the simple elements, and if you give them a pieceof high doctrine they have not cut their wisdom teeth yet, and therefore they cannot masticate it, much less can they getany comfort out of it. Have I not seensome who ought to have been as patient as Job by this time, as fretful as they can well be?
Dear Friends, I must just give you a word of rebuke. It must be gently, for you are our Brothers and Sisters, and if you arebut a babe, if you have life in you, you are saved. But why should you always be a babe, dear Brother? Is it not that youhave been too worldly? You have made money-oh,I wish you had made an increase of Divine Grace! You have been very attentive to those carts and horses, and to that farmand to that speculation-you have attended very diligently to that saleroom and to that exchange-oh, if only you had been asdiligent in prayer! Ifonly you had been as diligent for your Bible as for your ledger-and if only you had ridden in the chariots of salvationas often as you have been riding your own horse about your farm-how much better a Christian you might have been!
Do you not see, Brothers and Sisters, you have been stinting yourself of food? You do not read the Scriptures, which are thefood of the saints. You have stinted yourself of breath, and if a man is short of breath, he will not have much to boast of.If you want to grow, you need to pray more. Mydear Brothers and Sisters, surely you have attached too little importance to these things. You have not considered themenough. Why not begin to search the Scriptures? Why not try to live nearer to God? Why not pant after a greater conformityto Christ's image? Why, what a Christianyou might then be! I do ask my Lord often this one mercy, not only to make this Church, as it is, the largest Church inChristendom, but to be pleased to make us also strong men and women.
Oh, if I can have in this Church a body of strong men and women who know what they have received, and hold it fast, and growin Grace-who have their eyes lit up with enthusiasm because hearts are burning with a Divine fervor- why, there is nothingimpossible for you! You shall make theChurch tell upon its age. You shall move London, which is the heart of the world, until it shall send out deep heart throbsthat shall reach throughout the universe! With such multitudes as God adds to us continually-what might not be done if wehad but the Baptism of fire?
But we must be ready for the fire. We must tarry at Jerusalem and then, when the Holy Spirit comes down, we may speak eachin his own tongue as the Spirit shall give us utterance-and who can tell how mightily we may serve the Master? Sunday schoolteachers, I would not have you ordinaryteachers who merely set children reading. I would have you masters of the art of teaching, who are able to catechize withclearness and with power. You young preachers who stand in the streets-I would not have it said of you that you can talk butthat there is nothing in it.You young men in our college-I hope it shall never be said of any of you, as you go forth, that you are deficient in spiritualintelligence, and that you are unenlightened.
May you be strong men, my Brothers and Sisters, all of you-and then it shall be my happiness to see you like the old guardof Napoleon-marching irresistibly into the battle, and this shall be your war cry, if bad and evil times shall come-"We candie, but we can never surrender."For God and for His Truth you shall make your last charge over your enemies, and then enter into the victory which He reservesfor all them that diligently serve Him.
I have said nothing to those of you who are unconverted. "One word," says one, "one word. One word." Well, here it is foryou-I will give you more this evening, but I will give you one word now-"Prepare to meet your God!" "But how?" asks one. Believein the Lord Jesus Christ, and youshall be saved. Taste and see that the Lord is good. He that believes on Him shall never perish, but have everlasting life.To believe is to trust. Trust Jesus and be saved. Amen. Amen. Amen.