Sermon 360. The New Park Street Pulpit



"Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will."Ephesians 1:5.

It is at once a Doctrine of Scripture and of common sense, that whatever God does in time He predestined to do in eternity.Some men find fault with Divine Predestination and challenge the justice of eternal decrees. Now if they remember that predestinationis the counterfoil of history, as anarchitectural plan-the carrying out of which we read in the facts that happen-they may perhaps obtain a slight clue to theunreasonableness of their hostility. I never heard anyone among professors wantonly and willfully find fault with God's dealings,yet I have heard some whowould even dare to call in question the equity of His counsels. If the thing itself is right, it must be right that Godintended to do the thing. If you find no fault with facts, as you see them in Providence, you have no ground to complain ofdecrees, as you find them inpredestination-for the decrees and the facts are just the counterparts, one of the other! Have you any reason to find faultwith God, that He has been pleased to save you and save me? Then why should you find fault because Scripture says he predeterminedthat He would save us? Icannot see, if the fact itself is agreeable, why the decree should be objectionable! I can see no reason why you shouldfind fault with God's foreordination if you do not find fault with what actually happens as the effect of it. Let a man butagree to acknowledge an act ofProvidence, and I need to know how he can, except he runs in the very teeth of Providence, find any fault with the predestinationor intention that God made concerning that Providence. Will you blame me for preaching, this morning? Suppose you answer,No. Then can you blame me thatI formed a resolution last night that I would preach? Will you blame me for preaching on this particular subject? Do, ifyou please, then, and find me guilty for intending to do so; but if you say I am perfectly right in selecting such a subject,how can you say I was not perfectlyright in intending to preach upon it? Assuredly you cannot find fault with God's predestination if you do not find faultwith the effects that immediately spring from it! Now we are taught in Scripture, I affirm again, that all things that Godchose to do in time, were mostcertainly intended by Him to be done in eternity, and He predestined such things should be done. If I am called, I believeGod intended before all worlds that I should be called; if in His mercy He has regenerated me, I believe that from all eternityHe intended to regenerate me!And if in His loving kindness He shall at last perfect me and carry me to Heaven, I believe it always was His intentionto do so. If you cannot find fault with the thing, itself, that God does, in the name of reason, common sense, and Scripture,how dare you find fault with God'sintention to do it?

But there are one or two acts of God which, while they certainly are decreed as much as other things, yet they bear such aspecial relation to God's Predestination, that it is rather difficult to say whether they were done in eternity or whetherthey were done in time. Election is one of thosethings which was done absolutely in eternity; all who were elect, were elect as much in eternity as they are in time. Butyou may say, Does the same affirmation apply to adoption or justification. My late eminent and now glorified predecessor,Dr. Gill, diligently studying theseDoctrines, said that adoption was the act of God in eternity, and that as all Believers were elect in eternity, so beyonda doubt they were adopted in eternity. He went further than that to include the Doctrine of Justification, and he said thatinasmuch as Jesus Christ was beforeall worlds justified by His Father, and accepted by Him as our Representative, therefore all the elect must have been justifiedin Christ from before all worlds! Now I believe there is a great deal of truth in what he said, though there was a considerableoutcry raised against himat the time he first uttered it. However, that being a high and mysterious point, we would have you accept the Doctrinethat all those who are saved, at last, were elect in eternity when the means as well as the end were determined. With regardto adoption, I believe we werepredestined hereunto in eternity, but I think there are some points with regard to adoption which will not allow me to considerthe act of adoption to have been completed in eternity. For instance, the positive translation of my soul from a state ofnature into a state of Grace is apart of adoption, or at least it is an effect of it, and so close an effect that it really seems to be a part of adoption,itself-I believe that this was designed, and in fact that it was virtually carried out in God's Everlasting Covenant. I thinkthat it was then actuallybrought to pass in all its fullness.

So with regard to justification, I must hold that in the moment when Jesus Christ paid my debts, my debts were cancelled-inthe hour when He worked out for me a perfect righteousness, it was imputed to me, and therefore I may, as a Believer say Iwas complete in Christ before I wasborn-accepted in Jesus, even as Levi was blessed in the loins of Abraham by Melchisedek. But I know likewise that justificationis described in the Scriptures as passing upon me at the time I believe. "Being justified by faith," I am told, "I have peacewith God, through JesusChrist." I think, therefore, that adoption and justification, while they have a very great alliance with eternity, and werevirtually done then, yet have both of them such a near relation to us in time, and such a bearing upon our own personal standingand character, that they havealso a part and parcel of themselves actually carried out and performed in time in the heart of every Believer. I may bewrong in this exposition. It requires much more time to study this subject than I have been able yet to give to it seeingthat my years are not yet many. I shallno doubt, by degrees, come to the knowledge more fully of such high and mysterious points of Gospel Doctrine. But nevertheless,while I find the majority of sound divines holding that the works ofjustification and adoption are due in our lives, I see,on the other hand, in Scripturemuch to lead me to believe that both of them were done in eternity. And I think the fairest view of the case is that whilethey were virtually done in eternity, yet both adoption and justification are actually passed upon us in our proper persons,consciences and experiences, intime-so that both the Westminster confession and the idea of Dr. Gill can be proved to be Scriptural. We may hold them bothwithout any prejudice, the one to the other.

Well now, Beloved, leaving then the predestination, let us come to as full a consideration as the hour shall enable us togive of the Doctrine of "the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to Himself; according to the good pleasure of His will."

First, then, adoption-the Grace of God displayed in it Secondly, adoption-the privileges which it brings. Thirdly, adoption-theduties which it necessarily places upon every adopted child.


Adoption is that act of God whereby men who were by nature the children of wrath, even as others, and were of the lost andruined family of Adam, are from no reason in themselves, but entirely of the pure Grace of God, translated out of the eviland black family of Satan, and brought actually andvirtually into the family of God. They take His name, share the privileges of sorts, and they are to all intents and purposesthe actual offspring and children of God!

This is an act of pure Grace. No man can ever have a right, in himself, to become adopted. If I had, then I should receivethe inheritance in my own right-but inasmuch as I have no right whatever to be a child of God, and can by no possibility claimso high a privilege in and of myself, adoptionis the pure gratuitous effect of Divine Grace, and of that alone. I could suppose that justification might be by works underthe Old Covenant, but I could not suppose adoption to be under the Old Covenant at all! I could imagine a man keeping theLaw of God perfectly, and beingjustified by it, if Adam had not fallen. But even upon such a supposition, Adam himself would have had no right to adoption-hewould still have been only a servant, and not a son. Above all contradiction and controversy that great and glorious act wherebyGod makes us of Hisfamily and unites us to Jesus Christ as our Covenant Head, so we may be His children-is an act of pure Grace! It would havebeen an act of Sovereign Grace if God had adopted someone out of the best of families, but in this case He has adopted onewho was a child and a rebel! Weare by nature the children of one who was convicted of high treason; we are all the heirs, and are born into the world thenatural heirs of one who sinned against his Maker, who was a rebel against his Lord. Yet mark this- notwithstanding the evilof our parentage, born of athief, who stole the fruit from his Master's Garden-born of a proud traitor, who dared to rebel against his God-notwithstandingall this-God has put us into the family! We can well conceive that when God considered our vile original, He might have saidwithin Himself, "How canI put you among the children?" With what gratitude should we remember that though we were of the very lowest original, Gracehas put us into the number of the Savior's family! Let us give all thanks to the Free Grace which overlooked the hole of thepit from where we were dug, andwhich passed over the quarry from where we were hewn, and put us among the chosen people of the living God! If a king shouldadopt any into his family, it would likely be the son of one of his lords-at any rate some child of respectable parentage;he would not take the son of somecommon felon, or some gypsy child, to adopt him into his family. But God in this case has taken the very worst to be Hischildren! The sons of God all confess that they are the last persons they would ever have dreamed He would have chosen. Theysay of themselves-

" What was there in us that could merit esteem, Or give the Creator delight? 'Twaas even so, Father,' we ever must sing, 'Because it seemed good in Your sight.'"

Again, let us think not only of our original lineage, but of our personal character. He who knows himself will never thinkthat he had much to recommend him to God. In other cases of adoption, there usually is some recommendation. A man, when headopts a child, sometimes is moved thereto by itsextraordinary beauty, or at other times by its intelligent manners, and winning disposition. But, Beloved, when God passedby the field in which we were lying, He saw no tears in our eyes till He put them there Himself! He saw no contrition in usuntil He had given us repentance;there was no beauty in us that could induce Him to adopt us-on the contrary we were everything that was repulsive! And ifHe had said, when He passed by, "You are cursed, be lost forever," it would have been nothing but what we might have expectedfrom a God who had been so longprovoked and whose majesty had been so terribly insulted! But no, though He found a rebellious child, a filthy, frightful,ugly child, He took it to His bosom and said, "Black though you are, you are comely in My eyes through My Son, Jesus. Unworthythough you are, yet I cover youwith His robe, and in your Brother's garments, I accept you." And taking us, all unholy and unclean, just as we were, Hetook us to be His-His children-His forever!

I was passing lately by the seat of a nobleman, and someone in the railway carriage observed that he had no children and hewould give any price in the world if he could find someone who would renounce all claim to any son he might have. The childwas never to speak to his parents any more, nor tobe acknowledged, and this lord would adopt him as his son and leave him the whole of his estates. But he had found greatdifficulty in procuring any parents who would forswear their relationship and entirely give up their child. Whether this wascorrect or not, I cannot tell, butcertainly this was not the case with God. His only-Begotten and well-Beloved Son was quite enough for Him! And if He hadneeded a family, there were the angels and His own Omnipotence was adequate enough to have created a race of beings far superiorto us! He stood in no needwhatever of any to be His darlings. It was, then, an act of simple, pure, gratuitous Grace-and of nothing else-because Hewill have mercy on whom He will have mercy, and because He delights to show the marvelous Character of His condescension.Did you ever think what a highhonor it is to be called a son of God? Suppose a judge of the land should have before him some traitor who was about tobe condemned to die? Suppose that equity and law demanded that the wretch should shed his blood by some terrible punishment?But suppose it were possible for thejudge to step from his throne and to say, "Rebel, you are guilty, but I have found out a way whereby I can forgive yourrebellions-man, you are pardoned!" There is a flush of joy upon his cheeks. "Man, you are made rich; see, there is wealth!"Another smile passes over thecountenance. "Man, you are made so strong that you shall be able to resist all your enemies!" He rejoices again. "Man,"says the judge at last, "you are made a prince! You are adopted into the royal family, and you shall one day wear a crown!You are now as much the son of God asyou are the son of your own father." You can conceive the poor creature fainting with joy at such a thought, that he whoseneck was just ready for the halter, should have his head now ready for a crown-that he who expected to be clothed in the felon'sgarb and taken away to death,is now to be exalted and clothed in robes of honor! So, Christian, think what you did deserve-robes of shame and infamy-butyou are to have those of Glory. Are you in God' s family now? Well said the poet-

"It does not yet appear, How great we must be made."

We do not know the greatness of adoption yet. Yes, I believe that even in eternity we shall scarcely be able to measure theinfinite depth of the love of God in that one blessing of "adoption by Jesus Christ unto Himself, according to the good pleasureof His will."

Still, I think there is someone here who says, "I believe, Sir, that men are adopted because God foresees that they will beholy, righteous and faithful, and therefore, doubtless, God adopted them on the foresight of that." That is an objection Ioften have to reply to. Suppose, my Friends, you andI should take a journey into the country one day, and should meet with a person and should say to him, "Sir, can you tellme why the sails of yonder windmill go round?" He would of course reply, "It is the wind." But, suppose you were to ask him,"What makes the wind?" and he wereto reply, "the sails of the windmill," would you not just think that he was an idiot? In the first place, he told you thatthe wind caused the revolution of the sails and then, afterwards, he tells you that the sails make the wind-that an effectcan be the parent of that which isits own cause! Now, any man you like to ask will say that faith is the gift of God-that good works are God's workmanship.Well, then, what is the cause of good works in a Christian? "Why, Grace," they say! Then, how can good works be the causeof Grace? By all that is rational,where are your heads? It is too foolish a supposition for any man to reply to without making you laugh, and that I do notchoose to do. And therefore, I leave it. I say again, Beloved, if the fruits upon a Christian are caused by the root, howcan the fruit, in any degree, be thecause of the root? If the good works of any man are given him by Grace, how can they, by any pretense whatever, be arguedas the reason why God gives him Grace? The fact is, we are by nature utterly lost and ruined, and there is not a saint inHeaven who would not have beendamned-and who did not deserve to be damned in the common doom of sinners! The reason why God has made a distinction isa secret to Himself; He had a right to make that distinction if He pleased, and He has done it. He has chosen some unto eternallife, to the praise of Hisglorious Grace; He has left others to be punished for their sins, to the praise of His glorious Justice and in one, as inthe other, He has acted quite rightly, for He has a right to do as He wills with His own creatures! Seeing they all deservedto be punished, He has a right topunish them all! So too, as He has reconciled Justice with Mercy or mated it with Judgment, He has a right to forgive andpardon some, and to leave the others to be unwashed, unforgiven and unsaved-willfully to follow the error of their ways, toreject Christ, despise His Gospel,and ruin their own souls. He that does not agree with that, agrees not with Scripture! I have not to prove it-I have onlyto preach it! He that quarrels with that, quarrels with God-let him fight his quarrel out himself!


For the convenience of my young people-members of the Church-I shall, just for a moment, give you a list of the privilegesof adoption as they are to be found in our old Confession of Faith. I know many of you have this book, and I am sure mostof you will study at home this afternoon if youhave opportunity, looking up all the passages. It is the Twelfth Article, upon adoption, where we read-"All those who arejustified, God vouchsafed, in and for the sake of His only Son, Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the Grace of adoption,by which they are taken into thenumber and enjoy the liberties and privileges of children of God, have His name put upon them, receive the spirit of adoption,have access to the Throne of Grace with boldness, are enabled to cry Abba, Father, are pitied, protected, provided for andchastened by Him as a Father, yetnever cast off, but sealed to the day of redemption and inherit the promises as heirs of everlasting salvation."

I shall commence, then, with the privileges of adoption. There is one privilege not mentioned in the Confession which oughtto be there. It is this-when a man is adopted into a family, and comes thereby under the regime of his new father, he hasnothing whatever to do with the old family he hasleft behind, and he is released from subjection to those whom he has left. And so, the moment I am taken out of the familyof Satan, the Prince of this world has nothing to do with me as my father and he is no more my father! I am not a son of Satan!I am not a child of wrath! Themoment I am taken out of the legal family, I have nothing whatever to do with Hagar. If Hagar comes to meddle with me, Itell her, "Sarah is my mother, Abraham is my father and, Hagar, you are my servant, and I am not yours. You are a bondwomanand I shall not be your bond slave,for you are mine." When the Law comes to a Christian with all its terrible threats, and horrible denunciations, the Christiansays, "Law! Why do you threaten me? I have nothing to do with you. I follow you as my rule, but I will not have you to bemy ruler; I take you to be mypattern and mold, because I cannot find a better code of morality, and of life, but I am not under you as my condemningcurse. Sit in your judgment seat, O Law, and condemn me; I smile on you, for you are not my judge, I am not under your jurisdiction!You have no right to condemnme." If, as the old divines say, the king of Spain were to condemn an inhabitant of Scotland, what would he say? He wouldsay, "Very well, condemn me, if you like, but I am not under your jurisdiction." So, when the Law condemns a saint, the saintsays, "If my Father condemns me,and chastens me, I bow to Him with filial submission, for I have offended Him, but, O Law, I am not under you any longer;I am delivered from you; I will not hear your sentence, nor care about your thunders! All you can do against me, go and doit upon Christ! Or, rather, you havedone it. If you demand punishment for my sin, look, there stands my Substitute; you are not to seek it at my hands. Youcharge me with guilt. It is true, I am guilty, but it is equally true my guilt is put upon the Scapegoat' s head! I tell you,I am not of your family; I am not tobe chastened by you; I will not have a legal chastisement, a legal punishment; I am under the Gospel dispensation, now,I am not under you. I am a child of God, not your servant. We have a commandment to obey the Father who we now have; but asto the family with which we wereconnected, we have nothing to do with it any longer." That is no small privilege-oh that we could rightly understand itand appreciate it, and walk in the liberty wherewith Christ has made us free!

But now, as the Confession has it, one of the great blessings which God gives us is that we have His name put upon us. Hewill give unto us a new name, as is the promise in the Book of the Revelation. We are to be called after the name of God.Oh, remember, Brothers and Sisters, we are men andwomen, but we are now God' s men and women! We are no longer mere mortals; we are so in ourselves-but by Divine Grace weare chosen immortals-God's sons, God's daughters taken to Himself! Remember, Christian, you bear the name of God upon you!

Mark another thing. We have the spirit of children as well as the name of children. Now, if one man adopts another child intohis family, he cannot give it his own nature, as his own child would have had. And if that child who he shall adopt shouldhave been a fool, it may still remain so-hecannot make it a child worthy of him. But our heavenly Father, when He comes to carry out adoption, gives us not only thename of children, but the nature of children, too! He gives us a nature like His well-Beloved Son, Jesus Christ. We had oncea nature like our father, Adam,after he had sinned. God takes that away and gives us a nature like Himself, as it were, "in the image of God." He overcomesthe old nature, and He puts in us the nature of children. "He sends forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, whereby wecry, Abba, Father." And He givesus the nature and the character of children, so that we are as much by Grace partakers of the spirit of children of Godas we would have been if we had been His legitimately born children, and had not been adopted into His family! Brothers andSisters, adoption secures to usregeneration; and regeneration secures to us the nature of children whereby we are not only made children, but are madepartakers of the Grace of God-so that we are in ourselves, made unto God by our new nature as living children, actually andreally like Himself!

The next blessing is that being adopted we have access to the Throne. When we come to God's Throne, one thing we ought alwaysto plead is our adoption. The angel that keeps the Mercy Seat might stop us on the road with saying, "What is your claim tocome here? Do you come as a subject, or aservant? If you do, you have no right to come; but if you come as a son, come and welcome." Can you say you are a son inyour prayers, Christian? Then never be afraid to pray! So long as you know your sonship you will be sure to get all you need,for you can say, "Father, I ask notas a servant. If I were a servant I would expect Your wages, and knowing that as a servant I have been rebellious, I wouldexpect wages of eternal wrath. But I am Your son. Though as a servant I have often violated Your rules, and may expect Yourrod, yet, O Father, sinner though Iam, in and of myself, I am Your son by adoption and Grace. Spurn me not away; put me not from Your knee; I am Your own child;I plead it! The Spirit bears witness with my Spirit, that I am born of God. Father, will You deny Your son?" What? When youplead for your elder Brother'ssake, by whom you are God's child, being made an heir with Christ of all things, will He drive away His son? No, Beloved,He will not! He will turn again; He will hear our prayer; He will have mercy upon us. If we are His children, we may haveaccess with boldness to the Gracewherein we stand, and access with confidence unto the Throne of the heavenly Grace!

Another blessing is that we are pitied by God. Think of that, children, in all your sufferings and sorrows. "Like as a fatherpities his children, so the Lord pities them who fear Him." Do you lie sick? The Lord stands by your bedside, pitying you.Are you tempted of Satan? Christ is looking downupon you, feeling in His heart your sighs, and your groans. Did you come here this morning with a heavy heart, a despondingspirit? Remember, the loving heart of God sympathizes with you! In His measure, Christ feels afresh what every member bears;He pities you, and that pity ofGod is one of the efforts that flows into your heart by your adoption.

In the next place, He protects you. Just as a hen protects her brood under her feathers from birds of prey that seek theirlife, so the Lord makes His own loving arms encircle His children. No father will allow his son to die without making someattempt to resist the adversary who would slay him.God will never allow His children to perish while His Omnipotence is able to guard them. If once that everlasting arm canbe palsied; if once that everlasting hand can become less than Almighty, then you may die; but while your Father lives, yourFather's shield shall be yourpreserver, and His strong arm shall be your effectual protection.

Once again, there is provision as well as protection. Every father will take care to the utmost of his ability to providefor his children. So will God. If you are adopted, being predestinated thereunto, most surely will He provide for you-

"All necessary Grace will God bestow, And crown that Grace with glory, too; He gives us all things and withholds No real good from upright souls." Mercies temporal, mercies spiritual you shall have, and all because you are God's child,His redeemed child, made so by the blood of Jesus Christ. And then you shall likewise have education. God will educate all His children till He makes them perfect in Christ Jesus.He will teach you Doctrine after Doctrine. He will lead you into all His Truths until, at last, perfected in all heavenlywisdom, you shall be made fit to join with your fellow commoners in the great Heaven above. There is also one thing, perhaps, you sometimes forget which you are sure to have in the course of discipline if you areGod's children, and that is God's rod. That is another fruit of adoption. Unless we have the rod, we may tremble, fearingthat we are not the children of God. God is no foolish father-if He adopts a child, He adopts it that He may be a kind andwise Father. And though He does not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men for nothing-though when His strokesare felt, His strokes are fewer then our crimes and lighter than our guilt-yet at the same time He never spares the rod. Heknows He would ruin His children if He did, and therefore He lays it on with no very sparing hand, and makes them cry outand groan while they think that He is turned to be their enemy. But as the Confession beautifully has it, exactly in keeping with Scripture, "Though chastened by God as by a father, yetnever cast off, but sealed to the day of redemption, they inherit the promises, as heirs of salvation." It is one great Doctrineof Scripture that God cannot, as well as will not, cast off His children! I have often wondered how any persons can see anyconsistency in Scripture phraseology when they talk about God's people being children of God one day, and children of Satanthe next. Now, it would startle me not a little if I should step into a lecture room, and hear the lecturer asserting thatmy children might be my children today and his children the next. I should look at him and say, "I don't see that. If theyare really mine, they are mine. If they are not mine they are not mine, but I do not see how they can be mine, today, andyours tomorrow." The fact is that those who preach thus do believe in salvation by works-though they mask and cover it withspecious qualifications as much as they may. There is as much need for a Luther to come out against them as there was forhim to come out against the Romanists! Ah, Beloved, it is well to know that our standing is not of that character, but ifwe are children of God nothing can unchild us-though we are beaten and afflicted as children, we shall never be punished bybeing cast out of the family, and ceasing to be His children. God knows how to keep His own children from sin; He will nevergive them liberty to do as they please. He will say to them, "I will not kill you-that were an act I could not do-but thisrod shall smite you; and you shall be made to groan and cry under the rod"-so that you will hate sin, and you will cleaveto Him and walk in holiness even to the end. It is not a licentious Doctrine because there is the rod. If there were no rodof chastisement, then it were a daring thing to say that God's children shall go unpunished! They shall, so far as legal penaltyis concerned. No judge shall condemn them; but as far as paternal chastisement is concerned, they shall not escape. "I haveloved you above all the nations of the earth," says God, "and therefore I will punish you for your iniquities."

Lastly, as sure as we are the children of God by adoption, we must inherit the promise that pertains to it. "If children,then heirs, heirs of God and joint-heirs with Jesus Christ." "If we suffer with Him, we shall also be glorified together."


When the Believer is adopted into the Lord's family, there are many relationships which are broken off-the relationship withold Adam, and the Law ceases at once. But then he is under a new Law, the Law of Grace-under new rules and under a new Covenant.And now I beg to admonish you of duties,children of God! Because you are God's children, it has then become your duty to obey God. A servile spirit you have nothingto do with; you are a child. And inasmuch as you are a child, you are bound to obey your Father's faintest wish-the leastintimation of His will. What doesHe say to you? Does He bid you fulfill such-and-such an ordinance? It is at your peril if you neglect it! Then you are disobeyingyour Father who tells you to do so! Does He command you to seek the image of Jesus? Seek it. Does He tell you, "Be you perfect,even as your Father whois in Heaven is perfect"? Then not because the Law says so, but because your Father says so, seek after it! Seek to be perfectin love and in holiness. Does He tell you to love one another? Love one another! Not because the Law says, "Love your God,"but because Christ says, "If youlove Me, keep My commandments. And this is the commandment that I give unto you, that you love one another." Are you toldto distribute to the poor, and minister unto the necessity of saints? Do it not because you think you are bound by the Lawto do it, but do it because Christsays so-because He is your Elder Brother-He is the Master of the household, and you think yourself most sweetly bound toobey. Does it say, "Love God with all your heart"? Look at the commandment and say, "Ah, commandment, I will seek to fulfillyou. Christ has fulfilled youalready-I have no need, therefore, to fulfill you for my salvation, but I will strive to do it because He is my Father,now, and He has a new claim upon me." Does He say, "Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy"? I shall remember what Jesus said-"The Sabbath was made for man andnot man for the Sabbath," and therefore I shall not be the Sabbath's slave. But as inasmuch as my Father rested on the seventhday, so also will I from all my works, and I will have no works of legality to defile His Rest; I will do as many acts ofmercy as ever I can; I will seekand strive to serve Him with filial homage. Because my Father rested, so will I in the finished work of Christ. And so witheach of the Ten Commandments. Take them out of the Law; put them in the Gospel, and then obey them. Do not obey them simplyas being the Law engraved ontablets of stone-obey them as Gospel written on fleshy tablets of the heart-"for you are not under the Law, but under Grace."

There is another duty, Believer. It is this-if God is your Father, and you are His child, you are bound to trust Him. Oh,if He were only your Master, and you ever so poor a servant, you would be bound to trust Him! But when you know that He isyour Father, will you ever doubt Him? I may doubtany man in this world, but I do not doubt my father. If he says a thing, if he promises a thing-I know if it is in his power,he will do it. And if he states a fact to me, I cannot doubt his word. And yet, O child of God, how often do you mistrustyour heavenly Father? Do so nomore! Let Him be true; let every man be a liar-still doubt not your Father. What? Could He tell you a lie? Would He cheatyou? No, your Father, when He speaks, means what He says. Can you not trust His love? What? Will He let you sink while Heis able to keep you afloat? Will Helet you starve while His granaries are full? Will He let you die of thirst when His presses burst with new wine? Are thecattle upon a thousand hills His, and will He let you lack a meal? Is the earth the Lord's and the fullness thereof, and willHe let you go away empty and poor,and miserable? Oh, surely not! Is all Grace His, and will He keep it back from you? No, He says to us today, "Son, you arealways with Me, and all that I have is yours. Take what you will, it is all your own. But trust to your Father-

Now go away, Heirs of Heaven, with light feet, and with joy in your countenances, saying you know that you are His children,and that He loves you and will not cast you away! Believe that to His bosom He now presses you-that His heart is full of loveto you! Believe that He will provide for you,protect you, sustain you, and that He will at last bring you to a glad inheritance when you shall have perfected the yearsof your pilgrimage and shall be ripe for bliss! "As He has predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christto Himself, according to the goodpleasure of His will."

I need not this morning delay you any longer in personally addressing unconverted persons. Their welfare I always seek. Ihave sought, while speaking to the saints this morning, so to speak that every sinner may learn at least this one fact-salvationis of God alone-and that he may be broughtinto this state of mind-to feel that if he is saved-God must save him, or else he cannot be saved at all! If any of youacknowledge that Truth, then in God's name I now bid you believe in Jesus, for as surely as ever you can feel that God hasa right to save or to destroy you,Grace must have made you feel that, and therefore you now have a right to come and believe in Jesus! If you know that, youknow all that will make you feel empty, and therefore you have enough to make you cast your entire hope upon that fullnesswhich is in Jesus Christ.

The Lord bless you and save you! Amen. To choose and to command. With wonder filled, you then shall own, How wise, how strong His hand."