Sermon 104. Love's Commendation

No. 104

Delivered on Sabbath Morning, November 23, 1856, by the


at the Music Hall, Royal Surrey Gardens.

"But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."-Romans 5:8.

I shall have nothing new to tell you; it will be as old as the everlasting hills, and so simple that a child may understandit. Love's commendation. "God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us." God'scommendation of himself and of his love is not in words, but in deeds. When the Almighty God would commend his love to poorman, it is not written, "God commendeth his love towards us in an eloquent oration"; it is not writtenthat he commendeth his love by winning professions; but he commendeth his love toward us by an act, by a deed; a surprisingdeed, the unutterable grace of which eternity itself shall scarce discover. He "commendeth his love toward us, in that, whilewe were yet sinners, Christ died for us." Let us learn, then upon the threshold of our text, that if we would commend ourselvesit must be by deeds, and not by words. Men may talk fairly, and think that thus they shall win esteem; they may ordertheir words aright, and think that so they shall command respect; but let them remember, it is not the wordy oratory ofthe tongue, but the more powerful eloquence of the hand which wins the affection of "the world's great heart." If thou wouldstcommend thyself to thy fellows, go and do-not go and say; if thou wouldst win honour from the excellent, talk not, but act; and if before God thou wouldst show that thy faith is sincere, and thy love to him real: remember, it isno fawning words, uttered either in prayer or praise, but it is the pious deed, the holy act, which is the justificationof thy faith, and the proof that it is the faith of God's elect. Doing, not saying-acting, not talking-these are the thingswhich commend a man.

"No big words of ready talkers,

No fine boastings will suffice;

Broken hearts and humble walkers,

These are dear in Jesus' eyes."

Let us imitate God, then, in this. If we would commend our religion to mankind, we cannot do it by mere formalities, but bygracious acts of integrity, charity and forgiveness, which are the proper discoveries of grace within. "Let your light soshine before men that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven." "Let your conversation besuch as becometh the gospel of Christ;" and so shall you honour him, and "adorn the doctrine" which youprofess.

But now for this mighty deed whereby God commended his love. We think that it is twofold. We believe the apostle has givenus a double commendation of love. The first is, "God commendeth his love toward us, in that, Christ died for us"; the second commendation arises from our condition, "In that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us."

I. The first commendation of love, then, is this-that "CHRIST DIED FOR US"; and as the whole text is double, so this sentencealso contains a twofold commendation There is a commendation of love in the person who died-Christ; and then in the act which he performed-"Christ died for us."

First, then, it is the highest commendation of love, that it was CHRIST who died for us. When sinful man erred from his Maker, it was necessary that God should punish his sin. He had swornby himself, "The soul that sinneth it shall die;" and God-with reverence to his all-holy name be it spoken-could not swervefrom what he had said. He had declared on Sinai that he would by no means clear the guilty; but inasmuch as he desired topardon the offending, it wasnecessary that some one else should bear the sufferings which the guilty ought to have endured, that so by the vicarioussubstitution of another, God might be "just, and yet the justifier of the ungodly." Now, the question might have arisen, "Whois he that shall be the scapegoat for man's offence? Who is he that shall bear his transgressions and take away his sins?"If I might be allowed to picture in my imagination (and mark, it is nothing more than imagination), I could almost conceiveaparliament in heaven. The angels are assembled; the question is proposed to them:-"Cherubim and seraphim, cohorts of theglorified, ye spirits that like flames of fire, swift at my bidding fly; ye happy beings, whom I have created for my honour!here is a question which I condescend to offer for your consideration:-Man has sinned; there is no way for his pardon butby some one suffering and paying blood for blood. Who shall it be?" I can conceive that there was silence throughout the augustassembly. Gabriel spoke not: he would have stretched his wings and flapped the ether in a moment, if the deed had beenpossible; but he felt that he could never bear the guilt of a world upon his shoulders, and, therefore, still he sat. Andthere the mightiest of the mighty, those who could shake a world if God should will it, sat still, because they felt all powerlessto accomplish redemption. I do not conceive that one of them would have ventured to hope that God himself would assumeflesh and die. I do not think it could have entered even into angelic thought to conceive that the mighty Maker of theskies should bow his awful head and sink into a grave. I cannot imagine that the brightest and most seraphic of these glorifiedones would for an instant have suffered such a thought to abide with him. And when the Son of God, upstarting from his throne,spoke to them and said, "Principalities and powers! I will become flesh, I will veil this Godhead of mine in robes of mortalclay, I will die!"-I think I see the angels for once astonished. They had seen worlds created; they had beheld the earth,like a spark from the incandescent mass of unformed matter, hammered from the anvil of Omnipotence, and smitten off into space;and yet they had not wondered. But on this occasion I conceive that they ceased not to marvel. "What! wilt thou die, O Word!Creator! Master! Infinite! Almighty! wilt thou become a man and die?" "Yes," saith the Saviour, "I will." And are you notastonished, mortal men? Do you not wonder? What, will you not marvel? The hosts of heaven still are wondering. Though it is many an age since they heard it, they have not yet ceasedto admire; and do not you begin to marvel yet? Shall the theme which stirs the marvel of the seraph not move your hearts? That God himself should becomeman, and then should die for you! "God commendeth his love toward us, in that, Christ should die. Roll that thought over in your mind; ponderit in your meditations; weigh it in your hearts. If ye have right ideas of Godhead, if ye know what Christ is, if ye canconceive him who is the everlasting God, and yet the man-if ye can picture him, the pure, holy, perfect creature, and yetthe everlasting Creator-if ye can conceive of him as the man who was wounded, and yet the God who was exalted for ever-ifye can picture him as the Maker of all worlds, as the Lord of providence, by whom all things exist and consist-if ye canconceive of him now, as robed in splendor, surrounded with the choral symphonies of myriads of angels, then perhaps yemay guess how deep was that stride of condescension, when he stepped from heaven to earth, from earth into the grave, fromthe grave down, it is said, into the lowest "sheol," that he might make his condescension perfect and complete. "He hath commended his love" to you, my brethren, in that it wasChrist, the Son of God, who died for us.

The second part of the first commendation lieth here, that Christ died for us. It was much love when Christ became man for us, when he stripped himself of the glories of his Godhead for awhile, to becomean infant of a span long, slumbering in the manger of Bethlehem. It was no little condescension when he divested himself ofall his glories, hung his mantle on the sky, gave up his diadem and the pleasures of his throne, and stooped to become flesh.It was moreover,no small love when he lived a holy and a suffering life for us; it was love amazing, when God with feet of flesh did treadthe earth, and teach his own creatures how to live, all the while bearing their scoffs and jests with cool unangered endurance.It was no little favour of him that he should condescend to give us a perfect example by his spotless life; but the commendationof love lieth here-not that Christ lived for us, but that Christ died for us.

Come, dear hearers, for a moment weigh those words. "Christ died for us!" Oh, how we love those brave defenders of our nation who but lately died for us in a far-off land! Some of us showedour sympathy to their sons and daughters, their wives and children, by contributing to support them, when the fathers werelaid low. We feel that the wounded soldier is a friend to us, and that we are his debtors for ever. We may not love war; wemay not, some of us, think it aChristian act to wield the sword; but, nevertheless, I am sure we love the men who sought to defend our country with theirlives, and who died in our cause. We would drop a tear over the silent graves of Balaclava, if we were there now. And, ifit should ever come to pass that any one of them should be called to die for us, should we not henceforth love them? Do anyof us know what is contained in that great word "die?" Can we measure it? Can we tell its depths of suffering or its heightsofagony? "Died for us!" Some of you have seen death; you know how great and dread is its power; you have seen the strongman bowing down, his knees quivering; you have beheld the eyestrings break, and seen the eyeballs glazed in death; you havemarked the torture and the agonies which appal men in their dying hours; and you have said, "Ah! it is a solemn and an awfulthing to die." But, my hearers, "Christ died for us." All that death could mean Christ endured; he yielded up the ghost, heresigned his breath; he became a lifeless corpse, and his body was interred, even like the bodies of the rest that died."Christ died for us."

Consider the circumstances which attended his death. It was no common death he died; it was a death of ignominy, for he wasput to death by a legal slaughter; it was a death of unutterable pain, for he was crucified; and what more painful fate thanto die nailed to a cross? It was a long protracted death, for he hung for hours, with only his hands and his feet pierced-partswhich are far away from the seat of life, but in which are situated the most tender nerves, fullof sensibility. He suffered a death which for its circumstances still remain unparalleled. It was no speedy blow whichcrushed the life out of the body, and ended it; but it was a lingering, long, and doleful death, attended with no comfortsand no sympathy, but surrounded with scorn and contempt. Picture him! They have hurled him on his back; they have driven nailsthrough his hands and his feet; they have lifted him up. See! They have dashed the cross into its place. It is fixed. Andnowbehold him! Mark his eyes, all full of tears; behold his head, hanging on his breast. Ah! mark him, he seems all silentlyto say, "I am poured out like water; all my bones are out of joint; I am brought into the dust of death." Hear him, when hegroans, "I thirst." Above all, listen to him, whilst he cries, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?" My words cannot picture him;my thoughts fail to express it. No painter ever accomplished it, nor shall any speaker be able to perform it. Yet I beseechyouregard the Royal Sufferer. See him, with the eye of your faith, hanging on the bloody tree. Hear him cry, before he dies,"It is finished!"

"See from his head, his hands, his feet,

Sorrow and love flow mingled down!

Did e'er such love and sorrow meet,

Or thorns compose so rich a crown?"

Oh! how i wish I could stir you! If I should tell you some silly story of a love-sick maid, ye would weep; if I should turnnovelist, and give you some sad account of a fabled hero who had died in pain-if it were a fiction, I should have your hearts;but this is a dread and solemn reality, and one with which you are intimately connected, for all this was done for as manyof you as sincerely repent of your sins.

"All ye that pass by,

to Jesus draw nigh:

To you is it nothing that Jesus should die?"

Bethink you, that if you are saved, it is something to you, for the blood which trickles from his hands, distils for you. That frame which writhes in torture writhes for you; those knees, so weak with pain, are weak for you; those eyes, dripping with showers of tears, do drop for you. Ah! thinkof him, then, ye who have faith in him; look to him, and as many of you as have not yet believed, I will pray for you, thatye may now behold him as theexpiation of your guilt; as the key which opens heaven to all believers.

Our second point was this: "God commendeth his love towards us," not only because Christ died for us, but that CHRIST DIEDFOR US WHILE WE WERE YET SINNERS."

Let us for a moment consider what sort of sinners many of us have been, and then we shall see it was marvellous grace thatChrist should die for men-not as penitents"but as sinners. Consider how many of us have been continual sinners. We have not sinned once, nor twice, but ten thousand times. Our life, however upright and moral it has been, isstained by a succession of sins. If we have not revolted against God in the outward acts which proclaim the profligate tobe a great sinner, yet the thoughts of our heart and the words of our lips are swift witnesses against us that we havecontinually transgressed. And oh! my brethren, who is there among us who will not likewise confess to sins of act? Who amongus has not broken the Sabbath-day? Who among us has not taken God's name in vain? Who of us shall dare to say that we haveloved the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, and with all our strength? Have we never by any act whatsoevershowedthat we have coveted our neighbour's goods? Verily, I know we have; we have broken his commands, and it is well for usto join in that general confession-"We have done those things which we ought not to have done; we have left undone those thingswhich we ought to have done, and there is no health in us." Now, the sweet thought is, that Christ died for us, whilst heknew that we should be continual transgressors. Men, brethren, and fathers, he did not die for you as those who have committedbut one fault, but as those who were emphatically "sinners;" sinners of years' standing; some of you sinners with greyheads; sinners who have persevered in a constant course of iniquity. As sinners we are redeemed, and by it we become saints.Does not this commend Christ's love to us, that he should die for sinners, who have dyed themselves with sin as with crimsonand with scarlet; great and continual sinners.

Note again, he has died for us, although our sins were aggravated. Oh! there are some of us here who are great sinners-not so much in the acts we have performed, as in the aggravation of ourguilt. I reckon that when I sin, I sin worse than many of you, because I sin against better training than many of my hearersreceived in their youth. Many of you, when you sin, sin against faithful ministers, and against the most earnest warnings.It has been your wont to situnder truthful pastors; you have often been told of your sins. Remember, sirs, when you sin you do not sin so cheap asothers: when you sin against the convictions of your consciences, against the solemn monitions of your pastors, you sin moregrossly than others do. The Hottentot sinneth not as the Briton doth. He who has been brought up in this land may be openlymore righteous, but he may be inwardly more wicked, for he sins against more knowledge. But even for such Christ died-formen whohave sinned against the wooings of his love, against the strivings of their consciences, against the invitations of hisWord, against the warnings of his providence-even for such Christ died, and therein he commendeth his love towards us, thathe died for sinners. My hearer, if thou hast so sinned, do not therefore despair, it may be he will yet make thee rejoicein his redemption.

Reflect again, When we were sinners, we were sinners against the very person who died for us. "Tis strange, 'tis passing strange, 'tis wonderful," that the very Christ against whom we have sinned died for us. If a manshould be injured in the street, if a punishment should be demanded of the person who attacked him, it would be passing strangeif the injured man should for love's sake bear the penalty, that the other might go free; but 'twas so with Christ. He hadbeen injured, yet he suffers for the very injury that others did to him. He dies for his enemies-dies for the men thathate and scorn him. There is an old tradition, that the very man who pierced Christ's side was converted; and I sometimesthink that peradventure in heaven we shall meet with those very men who drove the nails into his hands and pierced his side.Love is a mighty thing; it can forgive great transgressors. I know my Master said, "Begin at Jerusalem," and I think he saidthatbecause there lived the men who had crucified him, and he wanted them to be saved. My hearer, hast thou ever blasphemedChrist? Hast thou ever mocked him, and scoffed at his people? Hast thou done all thou couldst to emulate the example of thosewho spat in his holy face? Dost thou repent of it? Dost thou feel thou needst a Saviour? Then I tell thee, in Christ's name,he is thy Saviour; yes, thy Saviour, though thus hast insulted him-thy Saviour, though thou hast trampled onhim-thy Saviour though thou hast spoken evil of his people, his day, his Word, and his gospel.

Once more, let us remember, that many of us as sinners have been persons who for a long time have heard this good news, andyet have despised it. Perhaps there is nothing more wonderful in the depravity of man than that it is able to forget the love of Christ. If wewere not so sinful as we are, there is not one of us here this morning who would not weep at the thought of the Saviour'slove, and I believe there is not a solitary man, woman, or child here, who wouldnot say, "I love thee, O my God! because thou hast done so much for me." It is the highest proof of our depravity thatwe do not at once love the Christ who died for us. There is a story told of the convenanters-of one named Patrick Welwood-whosehouse was surrounded at a time when a minister had for security been hidden there. Claverhouse's dragoons were at the door,and the minister had fled. The master of the house was summoned, and it was demanded of him, "Where is the minister?" "Heisgone; I cannot tell whither, for I know not." But they were not satisfied with that; they tortured him, and since he couldnot tell them where he was (for in reality he did not know), they left him, after inflicting upon him the torture of the thumbscrew;and they took his sister, a young girl who was living in the house. I believe she did know where the minister was concealed;but on taking her they asked her, and she said, "No, I can die myself, but I can never betray God's servant, and neverwill, as he may help me." They dragged her to the water's edge, and making her kneel down, they determined to put herto death. But the captain said, "Not yet; we will try to frighten her"; and sending a soldier to her, he knelt down, and applyinga pistol to her ear, she was bidden to betray the minister or die. The click of the pistol was heard in her ear, but the pistolwas not loaded. She slightly shivered, and the question was again asked of her. "Tell us now," said they, "where he is, orwe will have your life." "Never, never," said she. A second time the endeavour was made; this time a couple of carabineswere discharged, but into the air, in order to terrify her. At last they resolved upon really putting her to death, when Trail,the minister, who was hidden somewhere near, being aroused by the discharge of guns, and seeing the poor girl about to diefor him, sprang forward, and cried, "Spare that maiden's blood, and take mine; this poor innocent girl, what hath she done?"The poor girl was dead even there with the fright, but the minister had come prepared to die himself, to save her life.Oh, my friends, I have sometimes thought that her heroic martyrdom was somewhat like the blessed Jesus. He comes to us, andsays, "Poor sinner, wilt thou be my friend?" We answer, "No," He comes to us, and says, "Ah, I will make thee so," saith he,"I will die for thee"; and he goes to die on the cross. Oh! methinks I could spring forward and say, "Nay, Lord Jesus, nay,thoumust not die for such a worm." Surely such a sacrifice is a price too large to pay for poor sinful worms! And yet, myhearers, to return again to what I have uttered before, you will hear all this, and nine out of ten will retire from thisplace, and say, "It was an old, old story"; and while ye can drop a tear for aught else, ye will not weep one tear for Jesus,nor sigh one sigh for him, nor will ye afford him even a faint emotion of love. Would it were different! Would to God he wouldchangeyour hearts, that so ye might be brought to love him.

Further, to illustrate my text, let me remark again, that inasmuch as Christ died for sinners, it is a special commendationof his love for the following reasons:-It is quite certain that God did not consider man's merit when Christ died; in fact, no merit could have deserved the death of Jesus. Though we had been holy as Adam, we could neverhave deserved a sacrifice like that of Jesus for us. But inasmuch as it says, "He died for sinners," we are thereby taughtthat God considered our sin, and not our righteousness. When Christ died, he died for men as black, as wicked, as abominable,not as good and excellent. Christ did not shed his blood for us as saints, but as sinners. He considered us in our loathsomeness,in our low estate and misery-not in that high estate to which grace afterwards elevates us, but in all the decay into whichwe had fallen by our sin. There could have been no merit in us; and therefore, God commendeth his love by our illdesert.

Again: it is quite certain, because Christ died for us as sinners, that God had no interest to serve by sending his Son to die. How could sinners serve him? Oh! if God had pleased, he might have crushed this nestof rebels, and have made another world all holy. If God had chosen, the moment that man sinned he might have said unto theworld, "Thou shalt be burned"; and like as a few years ago astronomers told us that they saw the light of a far-off worldburning,myriads of miles away, this world might have been consumed with burning heat, and sin scorched out of its clay. But no.Whilst God could have made another race of beings, and could have either annihilated us, or consigned us to eternal torment,he was pleased to veil himself in flesh, and die for us. Surely then it could not have been from any motive of self-interest.God had nothing to get by man's salvation. What are the attractions of human voices in Paradise. What are the feeble symphonieswhich mortal lips can sing on earth, compared with the death of our Lord? He had angels enough. Do they not day withoutnight circle his throne rejoicing? Are not their golden harps sufficient? Is not the orchestra of heaven large enough? Mustour glorious Lord give up his blood to buy poor worms, that they may join their little notes with the great swell of a choraluniverse? Yes, he must; and inasmuch as we are sinners, and could by no possibility repay him for his kindness, "God commendethhis love towards us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."

But there is another commendation of love. Christ died for us "unasked." Christ did not consider me as an awakened heir ofheaven, but as a dead, corrupt, lost, and ruined heir of hell. If he had died for me as an awakened heir of heaven, then Icould have prayed for him to die, for then I have power to pray, and will to pray; but Christ died for me when I had no powernor will to lift my voice in prayer to him. It was entirely unasked. Where did ye ever hear that man wasfirst in mercy? Did man ask God to redeem? Nay, rather, it is almost the other way; it is as if God did entreat man tobe redeemed. Man never asked that he might be pardoned, but God pardons him, and then turns round and cries, "Return untome, backsliding children of men, and I will have mercy upon you." Sinners! if you should go down on your knees, and were formonths to cry for mercy, it would be great mercy if mercy should look upon you; but without asking, when we are hardened andrebellious, when we will not turn to Christ, he still comes to die for us. Tell it in heaven; tell it in the lower world!God's amazing work surpasses thought; for love itself did die for hatred-holiness did crucify itself to save poor sinful men,and unasked for and unsought, like a fountain in the desert sparkling spontaneously with its native waters, Jesus Christ cameto die for man, who would not seek his grace. "God commendeth his love towards us."

And now, my dear hearers, I want to close up, if the Spirit of God will help me, by endeavouring to commend God's love toyou, as much as ever I can, and inviting as many of you as feel your need of a Saviour, to lay hold of him and embrace himnow as your all-sufficient sacrifice. Sinner! I can commend Christ to thee for this reason: I know that thou needest him. Thou mayest be ignorant of it thyself, but thou dost need him. Thou hast a leprosy within thineheart-thou needest a physician; thou sayest, "I am rich;" but sinner, thou art not-thou art naked, and poor, and miserable.Thou sayest, "I shall stand before God accepted at last"; but, sinner, without Christ thou wilt not; for whosoever believethnot on Christ "hath not life, but the wrath of God abideth on him." Hear that, my dear hearers: "The wrath of God abidethon him." Oh! that wrath of God! Sinner, thou needest Christ, even though thou dost not think so. Oh, that the Lord wouldimpress this upon thee! Again, a day is coming when thou wilt feel thy need of Christ if thou dost not now. Within a few short years, perhaps months or days, thou wilt lie upon the last bed that shallever bear thy weight; soon thou shalt be stayed up by soft pillows; thy frame will be weak, and thy soul full of sorrow. Thoumayest live without Christ now, but it will be hard work to die without him. Thou mayest do without this bridge here; but when thou gettest to theriver thou wilt think thyself a fool to have laughed at the only bridge which can carry thee safely over. Thou mayestdespise Christ now, but what wilt thou do in the swellings of Jordan. Canst thou face death, and not be afraid? Nay, man,thou art affrighted now if the cholera is in the city; or if some little sickness is about thee thou shakest for fear; whatwilt thou do when thou art in the jaws of death, when his bony hand is squeezing thee, and when his dart is in thy vitals?What wiltthou do then without a Saviour? Ah! thou wilt want him then. And what wilt thou do when thou hast passed that black stream,when thou findest thyself in the realm of spirits-in that day of judgment, when the thunders shall be loosed, and the wingsof the lightning shall be unbound-when tempests shall herald with trumpet voice the arrival of the great Assize? What wiltthou do when thou shalt stand before his bar before whom, in astonishment, the stars shall flee, the mountains quake,and the sea be licked up with tongues of forked flame? What wilt thou do, when from his throne he shall exclaim, "Comehither, sinner," and thou shalt stand there alone, to be judged for every deed done in the body? Thou wilt turn thine head,and say, "Oh! for an advocate!" And he shall look on thee, and say, "I called, and ye refused; I stretched out my hand andno man regarded; I also will now laugh at your calamity, and mock when your fear cometh." Ah! what wilt thou do then sinner,when thejudgment-seat is set? Oh! there will be weeping-there will be weeping at the judgment-seat of Christ. And what wilt thoudo in that day when he shall say, "Depart, ye cursed;" and when the black angel, with a countenance more fierce than lightening,and with a voice louder than ten thousand thunders, shall cry, "Depart!" and smite thee down where lie for ever those accursedspirits, bound in fetters of iron, who, long long ago, were cast into perdition? Say not, I tell thee terrible things:if it be terrible to speak of, how terrible it must be to bear! If you believe not what I say, I shall not wonder if youlaugh at me; but as the most of you believe this, I claim your most solemn attention to this subject.

Sirs! Do ye believe there is a hell, and that you are going there? And yet do you still march heedless on? Do you believe that beyond you, when the stream of life is ended, there is a blackgulf of misery? and do you still sail downwards to it, quaffing still your glass of happiness, still merry as the live-longday? O stay, poor sinner, stay! Stay! It may be the last moment thou wilt ever have the opportunity to stay in. Thereforestay now I beseech thee. And ifthou knowest thyself to be lost and ruined, if the Holy Spirit has humbled thee and made thee feel thy sin, let me tellthee how thou shalt be saved. "He that believeth on the Lord Jesus Christ and is baptized, shall be saved. "He that believethnot," saith the Scripture "shall be damned." Do you not like that message? Ought I to have said another word instead of that? If you wish it, I shall not; what God saysI will say; far be it from me to alter the messages from the Most High; Iwill, if he help me, declare his truth without altering. He saith "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; hethat believeth not shall be damned." What is it to believe? To tell you as simply as possible: to believe is to give up trustingin yourself and to trust in Jesus Christ as your Saviour. The negro said, you know, "Massa dis here is how I believe-whenI see a promise, I do not stand on de promise; but I say, dat promise firm and strong; I fall flat on it; if de promise willnot bear me, den it is de promise fault; but I fall flat on it." Now, that is faith. Christ says, "This is a faithfulsaying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners." Faith is to say, "Well, then,sink or swim, that is my only hope; lost or saved, that is my only refuge. I am resolved, for this my last defence,

'If I perish there and die,

At his cross I still will lie'."

"What!" says one, "no good works?" Good works will come afterwards, but they do not go with it. You must come to Christ, not with your good works, but withyour sins; and coming with your sins, he will take them away, and give you good works afterwards. After you believe, therewill be good works as the effect of your faith; but if you think faith will be the effect of good works, you are mistaken.It is "believe and live." Cowper calls them thesoul-quickening words, "believe and live." This is the sum and substance of the gospel.

Now, do any of you say this is not the gospel? I shall ask you one day what it is. Is not this the doctrine Whitfield preached?Pray what else did Luther thunder, when he shook the Vatican? what else was proclaimed by Augustine and Chrysostom, but thisone doctrine of salvation in Christ by faith alone? And what did Paul write? Turn ye to his epistles. And what did our Saviourhimself say, when he left these words on record-"Go ye and teach all nations, baptizing them inthe name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost?" And what did he command his disciples to teach them? To teachthem this. The very words I have now repeated to you were his last commission. "He that believeth and is baptized shall besaved; he that believeth not shall be damned."

But again you say, "How can I believe that Christ died for me?" Why, thus,-He says he died for sinners: canst thou say thouart a sinner? I do not mean with that fine complimentary phrase which many of you use, when you say, "Yes, I am a sinner;" and if I sit down to ask you, "Did you break that commandment?" "Oh, no," you will say: "Did you commit that offence?" "Oh, no;" you never did anything wrong. And yet you are sinners. Now that is the sort ofsinners I do not think I shall preach to. The sort of sinners I would call to repentance are those whom Christ invited-thosewho know that they have been guilty, vile, and lost. If thou knowest thy sinnership, so truly Christ died for thee. Rememberthat striking saying of Luther. Luther says, Satan once came to him and said, "Martin Luther, thou art lost, for thou arta sinner." Said I to him, "Satan, I thank thee for saying I am a sinner, for inasmuch as thou sayest I am a sinner, I answerthee thus-Christ died for sinners; and if Martin Luther is a sinner, Christ died for him." Now, canst thou lay hold onthat, my hearer? It is not on my authority, but on God's authority. Go away and rejoice; for if thou be the chief of sinnersthou shalt be saved, if thou believest.

"Jesus, thy blood and righteousness

My beauty are, my glorious dress;

'Midst flaming worlds in these arrayed,

With joy shall I lift up my head.

Bold shall I stand in that great day.

For who aught to my charge shall lay?

While, thro' thy blood, absolv'd I am

From sin's tremendous curse and shame."

Sing that, poor soul, and thou hast begun to sing the song of Paradise. May the Lord, the Holy Spirit, apply these simplestatements of truth to the salvation of your souls.