Sermon 35. God's People in the Furnace

(No. 35)

Delivered on Sabbath Morning, August 12, 1855, by the


At New Park Street Chapel, Southwark.

"I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction."-Isaiah 48:10.

WHEN travelling through the country, you have often noticed that in different spots the old rocks peep out from under thesoil, as if they would let us know what earth's bones are made of, and what are the solid foundations of this globe. So insearching through the Scriptures you will find here instruction, here admonition, here rebuke, and here comfort, but veryfrequently you will discover the old doctrines like old rocks rising amid other matters; and when you littleexpect it you will find election, redemption, justification, effectual calling, final perseverance or covenant securityintroduced, just to let us see what the solid foundations of the gospel are, and what are those deep and mysterious truthson which the entire gospel system must rest. So in this text, for instance, when there seemed in the chapter but little needof the mention of the doctrine of God's choosing his people, on a sudden the Holy Spirit moves the prophet's lips and bidshimutter this sentiment, "I have chosen thee;" I have chosen thee by my eternal, sovereign, distinguishing grace; I havechosen thee in covenant purposes; I have chosen thee according to my electing love; "I have chosen thee in the furnace ofaffliction." Well, it is a good thing that they are mentioned sometimes when we little expect it; for these are things whichwe are apt to forget. The tendency of the many in the present age is to slight all doctrinal knowledge, and to say, "We carenotwhether a thing be true or not." This age is a superficial one. Few ministers plough deeper than the top soil; there arevery few who come into the inward matter of the gospel, and deal with the stable things on which our faith must rest; andtherefore we bless and adore the Holy Spirit that he so frequently pens these glorious truths to make us recollect that thereis such a thing as election, after all. "I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction." How ever, I am not going to dwelluponthat, but after making one or two preliminary observations, I shall proceed to discuss the subject of the furnace of afflictionbeing the place where God's chosen ones are continually found.

And the first observation I shall make will be this: all persons in the furnace of affliction are not chosen. The text says, "I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction," and it implies that there may be, and there doubtless are,some in the furnace who are not chosen. How many persons there are who suppose that because they are tried, afflicted, andtempted, therefore they are the children of God, whereas they are no such thing. It is a great truth that everychild of God is afflicted; but it is a lie that every afflicted man is a child of God. Every child of God will have sometrial or other; but every man who has a trial is not necessarily an heir of heaven. The child of God may be in poverty-hefrequently is; but we must not infer that therefore, necessarily every man who is poor is a child of God, for many such aredepraved and ruined, blaspheming against God and going far into iniquity. Many a child of God loses his property; but we arenottherefore to conclude that every bankrupt, or every insolvent is a vessel of mercy; indeed there is often some suspicionthat he is not. A child of God may have his crops blasted, and mildew seize his fields, but that does not prove his election,for multitudes who never were chosen of God have had the mildew and the blast as well as he. He may be calumniated. and hischaracter may be slandered, but that may be the case with the wickedest worldling also; for there have been men far fromreligious who yet have been slandered-in politics, or in literature. No tribulation ever proves us to be children of God,except it be sanctified by grace, but affliction is the common lot of all men-man is born to it, even as the sparks fly upward;and you must not infer, because you happen to be troubled, because you are poor, or sick, or tried in your minds, that thereforeyou are a child of God. If you do imagine so, you are building on a false foundation; you have taken a wrongthought, and you are not right in the matter at all. I would, this morning, if possible, disturb some of you who may havebeen laying a healing plaster to your souls when you have no right to do so. I would show you if I could, very plainly, thatafter all your suffering, you may yet, through much tribulation, enter the kingdom of hell. There is such a thing as throughtrial going to the pit of perdition, for the road of the wicked is not always easy, nor are the paths of sin ever pleasant.There are trials in the pathway of the ungodly, there are troubles they have to suffer which are quite as acute as thoseof the children of God. Oh! trust not in your troubles; fix your thoughts on Jesus; make him the only object of your trust,and let the only test be this, "Am I one with Christ? Am I leaning upon him ?" If so, whether I am tried or not, I am a childof God. but let me be ever so much tried, 'though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing."'Many an afflicted man has not been a child of God. Many of you no doubt can recollect persons in your lifetime whose afflictionsmade them worse instead of better; and of a great many men it may be said, as Aaron said, "Behold, I put gold into the furnace,and out of it came this calf." Many a calf comes out of the furnace. Many a man is put into the furnace and comes out worsethan he was before-he comes out a calf. Men passed through the fire in the days of the kings of Israel-when theypassed through the fire to Moloch; but Moloch's fire did not purify or benefit them; on the contrary, it made them worse;it made them dedicated to a false god. We are told also in the Word of God, how a certain class of people are put into thefurnace and get no good by it, and are not the children of God. But, lest any should doubt what I have said, let them turnto the passage in the 22nd chapter of Ezekiel, 17th and 18th verses, "And the word of the Lord came unto me, saying, son ofman,the house of Israel, is to me become dross: all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace;they are even the dross of silver. Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Because ye are all become dross, behold, therefore Iwill gather you into the midst of Jerusalem. As they gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midstof the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it; so will I gather you in mine anger and in my fury, and I will leaveyouthere, and melt you." So you see there are some who feel the furnace who are none of the Lord's, some to whom there isno promise of deliverance, some who have no hope that thereby they are becoming more and more pure and more fit for heaven;but on the contrary, God leaves them there as dross is left, to be utterly consumed; they have on earth the foretaste of hell,and the brand of the demon is set upon them in their afflictions even here. Let that thought be taken to heart by any whoarebuilding their salvation on false grounds. Afflictions are no proof of sonship, though sonship always ensures affliction.

But the second preliminary remark I would make is on the immutability of God's love to his people. "I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction." I chose thee before thou wast here; yea, I chose thee before thou hadsta being, and when all creatures lay before me in the pure mass of creatureship, and I could create or not create as I pleased,I chose and created thee a vessel of mercy appointed unto eternal life: and when thou in common with the whole race,hadst fallen, though I might have crushed thee with them, and sent thee down to hell, I chose thee in thy fallen condition,and I provided for thy redemption: in the fulness of time I sent my Son, who fulfilled my law and made it honourable. I chosethee at thy birth, when a helpless infant thou didst sleep upon thy mother's breast. I chose thee when thou didst grow upin childhood with all thy follies and thy sins. Determined to save thee, I watched o'er thy path when, Satan's blind slave,thou didst sport with death. I chose thee when, in manhood, thou didst sin against me with a high hand; when thy unbridledlusts dashed thee on madly towards hell. I chose thee, then, when thou wast a blasphemer and a swearer, and very far fromme. I chose thee, then, even when thou wast dead in trespasses and sins: I loved thee, and still thy name was kept in my book.The hour appointed came; I redeemed thee from thy sin; I made thee love; I spake to thee, and made thee leave thy sins andbecome my child; and I chose thee then over again. Since that hour how often hast thou forgotten me! but I have neverforgotten thee. Thou hast wandered from me; thou hast rebelled against me; yea, thy words have been exceeding hot againstme, and thou hast robbed me of mine honour; but I chose thee even then; and now that I put thee in the furnace thinkest thouthat my love is changed? Am I a summer friend fleeing from thee in the winter? Am I one who loves thee in prosperity and dothcastthee off in adversity? Nay; hearken to these my words. thou furnace-tried one, "I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction."Think not, then, when you are in trouble that God has cast you off. Think he has cast you off if you never have any trialsand troubles, but when in the furnace, say, "Did he not tell me this beforehand?"

"Temptation or pain?-he told me no less:

The heirs of salvation, I know from his word,

Through much tribulation must follow their Lord."

O blessed reflection! let it comfort us: his love does not change; it cannot be made to alter; the furnace cannot scorch us,not a single hair of our head can perish; we are as safe in the fire as we are out of it; he loves us as much in the depthsof tribulation as he does in the heights of our joy and exultation. Oh! thou who art beloved of friends, "when thy fatherand mother forsake thee the Lord will take thee up." Thou who canst say, "He that ate bread with me hathlifted up his heel against me," "though all men forsake thee," saith Jehovah, "yet will not I." O Zion, say not thou artforgotten of God; hear him when he speaks-"Can a woman forget her sucking child that she should not have compassion on theson of her womb? Yea, they may forget, yet will I never forget thee." "I have graven thee upon my hands; thy walls are continuallybefore me." Rejoice then, O Christian, in the second thought, that God's love does not fail in the furnace, but is as hotas the furnace, and hotter still.

And now to the subject, which is this-God's people in the furnace. And in discussing it we shall first of all endeavour to prove the fact that if you want God's people you will find them in the furnace; secondly, we will try to show the reasons why there is a furnace; thirdly, the benefits of the furnace; fourthly, comforts in the furnace. And may God help us in so doing!

I. First, then, I state the fact that IF YOU WANT GOD'S PEOPLE YOU MUST GENERALLY LOOK FOR THEM IN THE FURNACE. Look at theworld in its primeval age, when Adam and Eve are expelled the garden. Behold, they have begotten two sons, Cain and Abel:which of them is the child of God? Yonder one who lies there smitten by the club, a lifeless corpse; he who has just now beenin the furnace of his brother's enmity and persecution-that is the heir of heaven. A few hundred yearsroll on, and where is the child of God? There is one man whose ears are continually vexed with the conversation of thewicked and who walks with God, even Enoch, and he is the child of God. Descend further still, till you come to the days ofNoah. You will find the man who is laughed at, hissed at, hooted as a fool, a simple ton, an idiot, building a ship upon dryland, standing in the furnace of slander and laughter: that is Noah, the elect of God. Go on still through history; let thenames ofAbraham, Isaac, and Jacob, pass before you, and you may write upon all of them: "these were God's tried people." Thengo down to the time when Israel went into Egypt. Do you ask me to find out God's people? I take you not to the palaces ofPharaoh, I do not ask you to walk through the stately halls of Memphis, or go to hundred-gated Thebes; I take you to noneof the places decked with the splendour, the glories, and dignity of monarchs; but I take you to the brick kilns of Egypt.See yonderslaves smarting beneath the lash, whose cry of oppression goes up to heaven. The tale of their bricks is doubled, andthey have no straw wherewith to fashion them. These are the people of God. They are in the furnace. As we follow on in thepaths of history, where were God's family next? They were in the furnace of the wilderness suffering privation and pain. Thefiery serpent hissed upon them; the sun scorched them, their feet were weary, they lacked water, and bread failed them, andwas onlysupplied by miracle. They were in no desirable position; but amidst them-for all are not Israel that are of Israel-werethe chosen ones, those who were most in the furnace, Joshua, the son of Nun, and Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, against whomthe people took up stones to stone them; these were the sons of God these were distinguished above their fellows as beingelect out of the chosen nation. Still turn over the blessed pages; pass through Judges and come to the time of Saul, and wherewasGod's servant then? Where is the man whom the king delighteth to honour? Where is the man after God's own heart? He isin the in the caves of Engedi, climbing the goat tracks, hunted like the partridge by a remorseless foe. And after his dayswhere were the saints? Not in the halls of Jezebel, nor sitting at the table of Ahab. Behold, they are hidden by fifties inthe cave, and fed by bread and water. Behold yon man upon the mountain top wrapping his shaggy garment round him; at one timehisdwelling is by the rippling brook, where ravens bring him bread and flesh; at another time a widow is his host, whoseonly possessions are a little oil and a handful of meal-in the furnace Elijah stands, the remnant of God's chosen people.Take history through; there is no need for me to follow it up, otherwise I might tell you of the days of Maccabees, when God'schildren were put to death without number, by all manner of tortures till then unheard of. I might tell you of the days ofChrist,and point to the despised fishermen, to be laughed at, and persecuted apostles. I might go on through the days of popery,and point to those who died upon the mountains or suffered in the plains. The march of the army of God may be tracked by theirashes left behind them. The course of the ship of glory may be traced by the white sheen of sufferings left on the sea oftime. Like as a comet when it flashes in its glory, leaveth a blaze behind it for a moment, so hath the church left behinditblazing fires of persecution and trouble. The path of the just is scarred on earth's breast the monuments of the Churchare the sepulchres of her martyrs. Earth has been ploughed with deep furrows wherever they have lived. You will not find thesaints of God where you do not find the furnace burning round about them. I sup pose it will be so until the latest age. Untilthat time shall come when we shall sit under our own vine and our own fig-tree, none making us afraid or daring to attemptit,we must still expect to suffer. Were we not slandered, were we not the butt of' ridicule, we would not think ourselvesthe children of God. We glory that we stand prominent in the day of battle; we thank our enemies for all their shafts, foreach one bears upon it proofs of our Father's love. We thank our foemen for every stab, for it only cuts our armour and rattleson our mail, never reaching the heart. We thank them for every slander they have forged, and for every lie they havemanufactured, for we know in whom we have believed, and know that these things cannot separate us from his love; yea,we take this as a mark of our being called, that we, as the sons of God, can suffer persecution for righteousness' sake.

It is a fact, I say, that you will find religion in the furnace. If I were asked to find religion in London, I protest thelast place I should think of going to look for it would be in yon huge structure that excceds a palace in glory, where yousee men decked out in all the toys which the old harlot of Babylon herself once did love. But I should go to a humbler placethan that. I should not go to a place where they had the government to assist them, and the great and thenoble of the land to back them up; but I should generally go among the poor, among the despised, where the furnace blazedthe hottest; there I should expect to find saints-but not among the respectable and fashionable churches of our land. Thisis a fact then that God's people are often in the furnace.

II. And now, secondly, THE REASON FOR THIS. Why is it that God's children get there? Why does God see fit to put them in thefurnace?

1. The first reason I have is this-that it is the stamp of the convenant. You know there are certain documents which, in order to be legal, must have a government stamp put upon them. If they havenot this stamp, they may be written, but they will not be at all legal and cannot be pleaded in a court of law. Now we aretold what the stamp of the covenant is. There are two stamps, and for your information allow me to refer you to the book ofGenesis 15:17 and thereyou will see what they are. When Abraham was lying down at night, a horror of darkness came upon him, and God made a covenantwith him, and it is said, "And it came to pass, that when the sun went down and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace anda burning lamp that passed between the pieces." These two things were the stamps that made the covenant secure: "a burninglamp"-the light for God's people, light for their darkness, light to guide them all the way to heaven; and beside the lamp"asmoking furnace." Shall I then wish you to rend the smoking furnace off? Do I wish to get rid of it? No; for that wouldinvalidate the whole. Therefore will I cheerfully bear it, since it is absolutely necessary to render that covenant valid.

2. Another reason is this-that all precious things have to be tried. You never saw a precious thing yet which did not have a trial. The diamond must be cut; and hard cutting that poor jewelhas; were it capable of feeling pain, nothing would be more fretted and worried about, than that diamond. Gold, too, mustbe tried; it cannot be used as it is dug up from the mine, or in grains as it is found in the rivers; it must pass throughthe crucible and have the drosstaken away. Silver must be tried. In fact all things that are of any value must endure the fire. It is the law of nature.Solomon tells us so in the 17th chapter of Proverbs, the 3rd verse. He says, "The fining pot is for silver, and the furnacefor gold." If you were nothing but tin, there would be no need of the "fining-pot" for you; but it is simply because you arevaluable that you must be tried. It was one of the laws of God, written in the book of Numbers, 31st chapter, 23rd verse-"Everything that may abide the fire, ye shall make go through the fire, and it shall be clean." It is a law of nature,it is a law of grace, that everything that can abide the fire-everything that is precious-must be tried. Be sure of this,-thatwhich will not stand trial is not worth having. Would I choose to preach in this house if I thought it would not stand thetrial of a large congregation, but might one of these days totter and break down? Would any one forming a railway, constructa bridge that would not stand a trial of the weight that might run across it? No; we have things that would stand thetrial, otherwise we should think them of no value. That which I can trust one hour, but find it break the next, when I wantit most, is of little use to me. But because ye are of value, saints, because ye are gold, therefore ye must be tried. Fromthe very fact that ye are valuable, ye must be made to pass through the furnace.

3. Another thought is this; the Christian is said to be a sacrifice to God. Now every sacrifice must be burned with fire. Even when they offered the green ears before the harvest, it is said the greenears must be dried with fire. They killed the bullock and laid it on the altar, but it was no sacrifice till they burned it.They slew the lamb, they laid the wood; but there was no sacrifice in the killing of the lamb till it was burned. Know yenot, brethren, we areofferings to God, and that we are a living sacrifice unto Jesus Christ. But how could we be a sacrifice if we were notburned? If we never had the fire of trouble put about us, if we never were kindled, we should lie there without smoke, withoutflame, unacceptable to God. But be cause ye are his sacrifice, therefore ye must be burned; fire must penetrate you and youmust be offered a whole burnt offering, holy and acceptable unto God.

4. Another reason why we must be put in the furnace is, because else we should not be at all like Jesus Christ. If you read that beautiful description of Jesus Christ in the book of Revelation, you will find it says, that "his feet werelike fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace." The feet of Jesus Christ represent his humanity, the head the divinity.The head of his Deity suffered not: as God he could not suffer' but "his feet were like fine brass, as if theyburned in a furnace." How can we be like Christ, unless our feet, too, are burned in the furnace? If he walked throughthe flames, must not we do the same?-that "in all things he might be like unto his brethren." We are we know, to be like Christin that august appearance when he shall come to be admired of all his saints; we are to be like him when we shall see himas lie is; and shall we fear to be like him here? Will we not tread where our Saviour trod? there is his footstep; shall notourfoot fill the same place? There is his track; will we not willingly say-

"His track I see, and I'll pursue

The narrow way, till him I view?"

Yes! Onward, Christian! the captain of your salvation hath gone through the dark valley before you-therefore, onward! Onwardwith boldness! Onward with courage! Onward with hope! that ye may be like your Saviour, by participation in his sufferings.

III. And now WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF THE FURNACE? for we are quite sure that all these reasons are not sufficient for God'strying his people unless there is some benefit to be derived from it. Very simply and briefly then, one benefit to be derivedfrom the furnace is, that it purifies us. I was very kindly shown by some of the magistrates of Glasgow over one of the largest ship-building works I had ever seen.I saw them cast certain articles while I was present.I noticed them put the metal in the crucible, and after subjecting it to an intense heat, I saw them pour it out likewater into the moulds, but first they removed the impurities from the top; but the scum would never have come on the top hadit not been for the fire. They could not extract the dross if it had not been put in the furnace and melted. That is the benefitof the furnace to God's people; it melts, tries, and purifies them. They get rid of their dross; and if we can but get ridofthat, we may be willing to suffer all the misery in the world. The man who is very badly diseased, may stop a long whilebefore he is willing that the doctor's knife shall be used upon him; but when death comes to his bedside, he will say at last."Anything, physician; anything, surgeon; if you can but get this disease away-cut as deep as you please." I confess I havethe greatest antipathy to pain; but nevertheless, a greater pain will make one bear a less one to relieve it. And as sin ispain to God's people; as it is a weary torment, they will be willing, if necessary, to have their right hand cut off,or their right eye plucked out, rather than having two eyes or two hands, to be cast into hell-fire. The furnace is a goodplace for you, Christian; it benefits you; it helps you to become more like Christ, and it is fitting you for heaven. Themore furnace-work you have the sooner you will get home; for God will not keep you long out of heaven when you are fit forit. When allthe dross is burned, and the tin is gone, he will say, "Bring hither that wedge of gold; I do not keep my pure gold onearth. I will put it away with my crown jewels in the secret place of my tabernacle of heaven."

2. Another benefit of the furnace is, that it makes us more ready to be moulded. Let a blacksmith take a piece of cold iron, lay it on the anvil, and bring down his heavy hammer with tremendous force tofashion it. There he is at work. Ah! Mr. Black. smith, you will have many a hard day's work before you will make anythingout of that bar of iron. "But," says he, "I mean to smite hard, to strike true, and morning, noon, and night. this hammershall be always ringingon the anvil, and on the iron." Ah! so it may, Mr. Blacksmith, but there will be nought come of it. You may smite it eternallywhile it is cold, and you shall be a fool for your pains; the best thing you could do would be to place it in the furnace,then you might weld it; then you could melt it entirely, and pour it into a mould, and it would take any shape you pleased.What could our manufacturers do if they could not melt the metal they use? They could not make half the various things weseearound us if they were not able to liquify the metal, and afterwards mould it. There could be no good men in the worldif it were not for trouble. We could none of us be made useful if we could not be tried in the fire. Take me as I am, a roughpiece of metal, very rough, stern, and hard. You may tutor me in my childhood, and use the rod; you may train me in my manhood,and set the pains of the magistrate and the fear of the law before my eyes, but you will make a very sorry fellow of me, withall your hitting and knocking. But if God takes me in hand, and puts me in the furnace of affliction, and melts me downby trial, then he can fashion me like unto his own glorious image, that I may at last be gathered with him above. The furnacemakes us fusible. We can better be poured out and moulded and delivered unto the doctrines, when we have been somewhat tried.

3. Then the furnace is very useful to God's people because they get more light there than anywhere else. If you travel in the neighbourhood of Birmingham, or in other manufacturing districts, you will be interested at night bythe glare of light which is cast by all those furnaces. It is labour's own honourable illumination. This may be an idea apartfrom the subject; but I believe there is no place where we learn so much, and have so much light cast upon Scripture,as we do in the furnace. Read a truth in hope, read it in peace, read it in prosperity, and you will not make any thingof it. Be put inside the furnace (and nobody knows what a bright blaze is there who has not been there) and you will be thenable to spell all hard words, and understand more than you ever could without it.

4. One more use of the furnace-and I give this for the benefit of those who hate God's people-is, that it is useful for bringing plagues on our enemies. Do you not remember the passage in Exodus, where "the Lord saith unto Moses and unto Aaron, take to you handfuls of ashesof the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it towards the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh. And it shall become small dust in allthe land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blainsupon man, and upon beast." There is nothing that so plagues the enemies of Israel as "handfuls of ashes of the furnace"that we are able to cast upon them. The devil is never more devoid of wisdom than when he meddles with God's people, and triesto run down God's minister. "Run him down!" Sir, you run him up! You will never hurt him by all you can say against him, for "handfuls of the dust of the furnace" willbe scattered abroad to bring plagues upon the ungodly throughout the land.Did any Christian ever suffer yet by persecution-really suffer by it? Does he ever really lose by it? No; it is quite the reverse. We gain by it. You remember the case of the burning fiery furnace of Shadrach, Meshech,and Abednego, and Nebuchadnezzar's dealings. You remember he commanded that the furnace should be heated seven times hotterthan usual; and he told his brave men, his strongest ones, to take these three men bound and cast them into the furnace. Therethey go! theyhave thrown three men bound into the fire; but before they have time to turn back it is said, the heat of the flames slewthose men that cast them into the furnace. Nebuchadnezzar said himself, "Did we not cast three bound into the furnace? BeholdI see four men loose walking in the midst of the fire, and the fourth is like the Son of God." Now, just mark these points.Nebuchadnezzar made a great blunder, and heated the fire too hot. That is just what our enemies often do. if they would justspeak the truth about us and only tell our imperfections, they would then have enough to do. But, in their endeavoursto cast down God's servants, they heat the fire rather too hot; they make what they say smell, as Rowland Hill said, too muchlike a lie, therefore, nobody believes them; and instead of doing any hurt, it just kills the men who would have cast us intothe fire. I have noticed sometimes when there comes out a desperate article against any particular man, suppose the man isright,the person who writes the article is always damaged by it, but not the man who is thrown into the fire. It does the slanderedman good. All that has ever been said of me, as one of God's servants, has done me good; it has just burned the bonds of myobscurity, and given me liberty to speak to thousands. Moreover, to throw the Christian into the furnace, is to put him intoChrist's parlour; for lo! Jesus Christ is walking with him! Spare yourselves the trouble, O ye enemies; if ye wish to hurtus, spare yourselves the labour. You think that is the furnace. It is not: it is the gate of heaven. Jesus Christ is there;and will you be so foolish as to put us just where we like to be? Oh! kind enemies, thus to render us threefold blessed. But,were ye wise, ye would say, "Let it alone. If the thing be of God it will stands if it be not of God it will utterly fall."God's enemies receive more damage from "the ashes of the furnace" than in any other way. They are shots that kill whereverthey go. Persecution damages our enemies; it cannot hurt us. Let them still go on; let them still fight; all their arrowsfall back upon them selves. And as for aught of evil that is done against us. it is but small and light compared with thedamage that is done to their own cause. This, then, is another blessing concerning the furnace-it hurts our enemies thoughit does not hurt us.

IV. And now, to wind up, let us consider THE COMFORTS IN THE FURNACE. Christian men may say, "It is all well to tell us whatgood the furnace does; but we want some comfort in it." Well, then, beloved, the first thing I will give you is the comfortof the text itself-ELECTION. Comfort thyself, thou tried one, with this thought: God saith, "I have chosen thee in the furnaceof affliction." The fire is hot, but he has chosen me; the furnace burns, but he has chosen me; thesecoals are hot, the place I love not, but he has chosen me. Ah! it comes like a soft gale assuaging the fury of the flame.It is like some gentle wind fanning the cheeks; yea, this one thought arrays us in fireproof armour, against which the heathath no power. Let affliction come-God has chosen me. Poverty, thou mayest come in at the door-God is in the house already,and he has chosen me. Sickness, thou mayest come, but I will have this by my side for a balsam-God has chosen me. Whateverit is, I know that he has chosen me.

2. The next comfort is that you have the Son of Man with you in the furnace. In that silent bedchamber of yours, there sitteth by your side one whom thou hast not seen, but whom thou lovest; and ofttimeswhen thou knowest it not, he makes all thy bed in thy affliction, and smoothes thy pillow for thee. Thou art in poverty; butin that lonely house of thine that hath nought to cover its bare walls, where thou sleepest on a miserable pallet, dost thouknow that theLord of life and glory is a frequent visitor; he often treads those bare floors, and putting his hands upon those wallshe consecrates them! Wert thou in a palace he might not come there. He loves to come into these desolate places that he mayvisit thee. The Son of Man is with thee, Christian. Thou canst not see him, but thou mayest feel the pressure of his hands.Dost thou not hear his voice? It is the valley of the shadow of death: thou seest nothing; but he says, "Fear not, I am withthee;be not dismayed, for I am thy God." It is like that noble speech of Caesar's-"Fear not, thou carriest Caesar and all hisfortune." Fear not, Christian! thou carriest Jesus in the same boat with thee, and all his fortune! He is with thee in thesame fire. The same fire that scorches thee, scorches him. That which could destroy thee could destroy him, for thou art aportion of the fulness of him that fills all in all. Wilt thou not take hold of Jesus, then, and say-

"Through floods and flames, if Jesus lead,

I'll follow where he goes."

Feeling that you are safe in his hands, will you not laugh even death to scorn, and triumph over the sting of the grave, becauseJesus Christ is with you?

Now, dear friends, there is another great furnace besides the one I have been talk ing of. There is a very great furnace,"the pile thereof is fire and much wood, the breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it." There is a furnaceso hot, that when the ungodly are cast into it, they shalt be as the crack ling of thorns under a pot. There is a burningso exceedingly fierce that all those tormented in its flames spend their time in "weeping, and wailing,and gnash ing of teeth." There is a furnace "where the worm dieth not, and where the fire is not quenched." Where it isI know not. Methinks it is not down here in the bowels of the earth. It were a sad thought that earth hath hell within herown bowels, but that it is somewhere in the universe the Eternal has declared. Men and women! ye who love not God, a few moreyears will set you on a journey through the vast unknown to find out where this place is. Should ye die Godless and Christless,astrong hand will seize you on your death-bed, and irresistibly you will be borne along through the vast expanse of ether,unknowing whither you are tending, but with the dread thought that you are in the hand of a demon, who with an iron hand isbearing you most swiftly on. Down he plungeth thee? Ah! what a fall were that my friends! to find yourselves there in thatdesperate land of torments! May you never know it! Words cannot tell you of it now. I can but Just call up a few dread horribleemotions; I can but picture it in a few short rough words: may you never know it! Would ye wish to escape: there is butone door. Would ye be saved: there is but one way. Would ye find entrance into heaven and escape from hell: there is but oneroad. The road is this-"Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved." "He that believeth and is baptized shallbe saved, and he that believeth not shall be damned." To believe is to trust in Jesus. As an old divine used to say, "Faithisrecumbency on Christ." But it is too hard a word. He meant, faith is lying down on Christ. As a child lieth on its mother'sarms, so is faith; as the seaman trusteth to his bark, so is faith; as the old man leaneth on his staff, so is faith; as Imay trust, there is faith. Faith is to trust. Trust in Jesus, he will ne'er deceive you:

"Venture on him, venture wholly,

Let no other trust intrude;

None but Jesus

Can do helpless sinners good."

Thus may you escape that furnace of fire into which the wicked must be cast. God bless you all, for his name's sake.